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Nuovo Pignone

CLIENTE CUSTOMER
SAIPEM X SONATRACH
LOCALITA' - PLANT LOCATION
FIRENZE
ARZEW - ALGERIA
COMMESSA - JOB IMPIANTO PLANT NAME GNL 3Z ARZEW LP/MP MR MAIN REFRIGERANT
160.7062-110.2465 COMPRESSOR STATION

<1>

LP/MP MR REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR TRAIN

Electronically approved draw. GE NuovoPignone Internal DT-'N'


CONTROL SYSTEM
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

6 18/05/2011 Issued for French translation GE-NP DEL CORE ARDIS


5 10/02/2011 Issued for construction GE-NP DEL CORE ARDIS
4 01/12/2010 Added flow chart sequences FIAR DEL CORE BIZZARRI

3 08/08/2010 Issued for construction GE-NP DEL CORE BIZZARRI

2 08/06/2010 Issued for construction GE-NP DEL CORE BIZZARRI

1 11/03/2010 ISSUE FOR Construction DEL CORE GIOVANARDI BIZZARRI

0 11/06/2009 ISSUE FOR INFORMATION JAGAN DEL CORE BIZZARRI

REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION PREPARED CHECKED APPROVED


SUPPLIER DOCUMENT NO.

SOM6701607/4
CONTRACTOR DOCUMENT NO.
PROJECT GNL-3Z PROJECT
LOCATION ARZEW - ALGERIA 16-MC-E-32060
COMPANY DOCUMENT NO.
Control System Functional Desciption
GNL3Z-V-406280-2060
CONTRACTOR JOB NUMBER P.O. NUMBER SUPPLIER NAME ITEM SHEET NO. TOTAL SHEET NO.

16-MJ01 16-MJ02
318800 406280 GE OIL & GAS 16-MJ01M 16-MJ01-GT 1 56

6 Added French Translation ISSELnord Del Core F. Ardis D. 18-05-11


5 Revised where shown <5> GE-NP 10-02-11
4 Added flow chart sequences FIAR 01-12-10
3 Revised where shown <3> GE-NP 08-08-10 ITEM

2 Revised where shown <2> GE-NP 08-06-10


1 Revised where shown <1> Del Core 25-03-10 N. SOM 6701607/4
0 EMISSIONE - ISSUE Jagan Delcore Bizzarri C. 08-06-09 LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION PREPD CONT-CONTR APP- APPRD DATA - DATE
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION 6

2. GENERAL 6

2.1. Speedtronic MARKVI 6

2.2. Fire & Gas system 7

2.3. Water Wash Logic 7

2.4. Turbine Diagnostic System (Fouling monitor) 7

2.5. HISTORIAN 7

2.6. HMI 7

2.7. IGV CONTROL 7

2.8. ANTISURGE SYSTEM 8

2.9. VSDS 8

2.10. Bently Nevada <1> 8

3. REFERENCES 9

4. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 10

5. MODES OF OPERATION AND SEQUENCES 10


5.1. Off Mode 10

5.2. Crank Mode 11

5.3. Fire Mode 11

5.4. Start Sequence Auto Mode - Local / Remote 11

5.5. Normal Stop Sequence 17

5.6. Emergency Shutdown Trip Sequence (trip sequence) <1> 19

5.7. Emergency Shutdown Trip with Depressurization Sequence (trip with vent sequence) <1>19

6. START/STOP SEQUENCING FLOW CHART 20

6.1. Ready to Start 20

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6.2. Operative Mode Selection 21

6.3. Run Sequence 22

6.4. Fuel Gas Warm-up Sequence 23

6.5. Crank Sequence 24

6.6. Fire Sequence and acceleration to operative speed 25

6.7 Complete Sequence 26

6.8 Normal Stop Sequence 27

6.9 Emergency shutdown trip sequence (trip request) 31

6.10 Emergency shutdown trip with Depressurization Sequence (trip with vent sequence) 33

7. AUXILIARIES SEQUENCES 34

7.1. Description of GT compartment ventilation fans logic <5> 34

Description of the mineral lube oil pumps logic 36

7.2. Description of the hydraulic oil pump logic 37

7.3. Description of oil vapour extraction fans logic 37

7.4. Description of VSDS interlocks <5> 37

7.5. Description of fuel gas scrubbers logic<5> 38

7.6. Description of GT starter system<5> 38


7.6.1. Turning gear 38
7.6.2. Starting motor 39

7.7. Description of VSDS motor jacking oil pumps logic<5> 39

7.8. Description of exhaust frame fans<5> 39

7.9. Description of control oil system, Turbine IGV & Fuel Gas 40

8. WATER WASH 41

8.1. Description of the Water Wash Sequence ON LINE Sequence 41

8.2. Description of the Water Wash Sequence OFF LINE Sequence 42

9. LOSS OF AC POWER 44

9.1. Loss of AC power during unit running 44

9.2. Loss of AC power during coast-down 44


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9.3. Loss of AC power during turning gear operation 44

10. COOLING AND SEALING AIR 45

11. AIR BLEED GT AXIAL COMPRESSOR 45

12. SEAL GAS SYSTEM OF LP/MP-MR COMPRESSORS 16-MJ01/MJ02 <5> 45

12.1. Filtered gas supply (buffer gas) 45

12.2. Seals leakage monitoring (primary vent) 46

12.3. Air or nitrogen injection (purge gas) 46

13. FIRE & GAS PROTECTION SYSTEM 47

13.1. Fire detection / extinguishing 47

13.2. Gas detection 48

14. PROCESS COMPRESSORS ANTISURGE SYSTEM 48

15. LP MR COMPRESSOR GUIDE VANE CONTROL 49

15.1. Pilot valve auto control 49

15.2. Pilot valve manual control 49

15.3. IGV servo control 50

15.4. IGV DCS/ESD control override 50

15.5. Underspeed avoidance logic 50

15.6. IGV closing request from process 51

15.7. TEST mode 51

15.8. IGV actuation healthy 51

15.9. Interaction with other sequences <1> 52

16. AN200 ANTICHOKE 54

16.1. General Features 54

16.2. Anti-choke manual/automatic corrective action 55

17. LP MR COMPRESSOR VALVES 56

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17.1. Bleed valve control 56

18. MCHE TRIP <3> 56

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1. INTRODUCTION
This document constitutes the functional description for the GNL 3Z ARZEW- LNG LP/MP MR train
units. This document describes the modes of operation which are defined to be:

Off
Crank
Fire
Auto
Remote

Additional information on the following sequences and topics is included:

Start-up
Normal stop (including cooldown)
Emergency shutdown (trip, trip with vent) <1>
Auxiliaries sequences
Water wash

2. GENERAL
This document describes the functions performed by the Speedtronic MarkVI, by the F&G
system and by the Antisurge System.
This functional description does not include those functions performed by the DCS, ESD<1>,
however, interface signals with these systems are described.

2.1. Speedtronic MARKVI

The SPEEDTRONIC Mark VI gas turbine control is a Triple Modular Redundant (TMR),
microprocessor-based control system. Each <R>, <S>, and <T> controller contains its own
power supply, processor, communications, and I/O for all of the critical control, protection
and monitoring of the gas turbine and centrifugal compressor, including all auxiliary and
seal gas systems. MarkVI also manages the interfaces with DCS and ESD<1>-customer
panels and receives signals from F&G monitor for unit shutdown (shutdown to indicate
normal stop, trip or trip with vent). <1>
MarkVI interfaces with the antisurge system and the VSDS for startup and shutdown
sequences.
A separate triple redundant backup protection module monitors some critical functions,
such as emergency overspeed protection.
Most of the critical sensors for control loops and trip protection are triple redundant. Other
sensors are dual or single element devices.

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2.2. Fire & Gas system

The F&G system operates to monitor logs of all UV, Heat Rise and Gas Detectors installed
on the turbo machinery unit, and provides outputs to MarkVI for alarm, ventilation
sequencing and turbine shutdown <1>, and to CO2 fire-fighting system for unit protection
in case of fire detected.

2.3. Water Wash Logic

The Water Wash Logic controls the water wash skid. Through a LCD display panel (HMI),
the operator can select ON LINE or OFF LINE water wash sequence, if permissive are
satisfied. The system is integrated inside Mark VI software.

2.4. Turbine Diagnostic System (Fouling monitor)

The Turbine Diagnostic System provides turbine-fouling monitoring.


The module in question enables to calculate the efficiency of an axial compressor on the
basis of input parameters that can be supplied both in American and in European
measurement units.
The calculation is performed periodically according to a configurable period of time, and
generates an efficiency history about the shaft number of revolutions and the compression
ratio.
The history generated is to determine whether the efficiency falls below a certain
percentage dynamic threshold. In such event, an alarm is to be generated, which is to start
the washing sequence. At the end of the washing sequence the history is reset to start a new
data acquisition sequence.

2.5. HISTORIAN

The Historian is a desktop PC based data archival system based on a client-server


technology. It provides data collection, storage, and display of turbine and auxiliary
process data.
The historian provides a menu of predefined database query forms for typical analysis
objectives relating to the turbine operation.

2.6. HMI

The HMI is a desktop PC based operator interface system. It provides actual data
displaying and operator command entering features. The HMI is provided to manage both
MR and PR Compression trains in multiunit configuration. Two remote HMIs located in
CCR, are provided with the same functionalities. <1>

2.7. IGV CONTROL

The IGV CONTROL provides LP compressor IGV positioning between an angles of +10/-
35 degrees.

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2.8. ANTISURGE SYSTEM


The CCC Antisurge System SERIES 5 provides protection against surge in centrifugal
compressors and axial compressor.
It is implemented for preventing surge but also for tripping antisurge valves if the antisurge
controlled open loops is insufficient to prevent surge.
If Trip occurs, trip signal to ESD is initiated, and ESD shall open antisurge valve through safety
solenoid. <1>

2.9. VSDS
The Variable Speed Drive System provides necessary power for the machine start-up.
Moreover, if process load varies it works as helper motor, adjusting the torque set point
signal so that the train can recover the 100% speed.

2.10. Bently Nevada <1>


Temperature elements (Thermocouples) on bearings #1, #2, #3 are wired to Bently Nevada
Temperature Monitor, where the temperature level is compared to the set point to generate
alarms.
Temperature elements (RTDS) are installed on Compressors LP-MR AN200 /MP-MR
BCL1003 / VSDS bearings as well are wired to Bently Nevada Temperature Monitor,
where the temperature level is compared to the set point, according to logics shown on
P&ID 16-MC-B-32041.
Axial and radial vibration on Gas Turbine, Compressors LP-MR AN200 /MP-MR
BCL1003 bearings is monitored by BENTLY NEVADA (BN3500) Vibration Monitor.
For Gas Turbine, Bently Nevada monitor raises alarms with 1oo2 logic (H level) for both
radial vibration and 2oo2 logic (H level) for axial vibration.
For Centrifugal compressors, Bently Nevada monitor raises alarms and trip with 1oo2
logic for radial vibration and 2oo3 logic for axial vibration trip; both H and HH levels are
checked.
Moreover common trip signals (and alarms) for different sections are hardwired to Mark
VI.
The Bently Nevada rack is equipped with a gateway that allows the connection to customer
System 1.

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3. REFERENCES

Reference shall be made to the following documents:

<1>

Schematic piping diagram for GT SOM5081466 16-MC-D-32121


Schematic piping diagram for LP/MP-MR train SOM51069.01 16-MC-B-32003
Schematic piping diagram for AN200+BCL1003 SOM51069.32 16-MC-B-32003
Lube Oil System
Schematic piping diagram for VSDS SOM51069.32 16-MC-B-32003
Lube Oil System
Schematic piping diagram for IGV system SOM51069.32 16-MC-B-32003
Schematic piping diagram for AN200 SOM51069.60 16-MC-B-32003
Compressor -Seal Gas System
Schematic piping diagram for BCL 1003 SOM51069.60 16-MC-B-32003
Compressor -Seal Gas System
Schematic piping diagram AN200 warm/filtered SOM51069.63 16-MC-B-32003
feed gas to IGV chamber
Control system schematic SOM6701544 16-MC-D-32064

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4. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

DCS Distributed Control System.


DCP Direct Current Panel.
DLN Dry Low NOX emission control system
ESD Emergency Shutdown System <1>
F&G Fire and Gas protection system.
GT Gas Turbine.
HMI Human Machine Interface Remote in CCR or Local in FIR<1>
MCC Motor Control Center.
MKVI Speedtronic Mark VI turbine controller.
<1>
TDS Turbine Diagnostic System (Fouling monitor)
UCP Unit Control Panel.
VSDS Helper motor Variable Speed Drive System

5. MODES OF OPERATION AND SEQUENCES


This section describes the modes of operation.
Each utility such as motors or control valves have a manual control feature that is also
accessible during normal running.
Mode selection shall be performed from HMI local (dedicated to the relevant UCS located
in FIR) or HMI remote (linked via UDH link to the Mark VI and located in CRR) .
Operation from DCS is possible via serial link if the main selector, implemented on main
unit graphic screen available on FIR and CRR located HMIs is moved to the Remote
position: this selection will be possible to execute on the UCS HMIs.

5.1. Off Mode

It shall not be possible to select and initiate the Off Mode when the GT train is running. Off
Mode may be selected and initiated at any other time.

When the OFF mode is selected, the UCP does not accept the start command, and is thus
not possible to start up the engine. All other functions remain active.

Auxiliaries manual control is possible, if the relevant safeties are satisfied.

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5.2. Crank Mode

Crank sequence may be selected after the gas turbine has stopped rotating.

Starting the turbine with this selection is possible if all of the starts permissive are satisfied.

Starting the turbine with this selection will bring the GT up to crank / purge speed 10% of
<2> rpm. Sequence will proceed changing Master Selector position to FIRE, AUTO or
REMOTE position.

The GT will continue to rotate at 18% of rated rpm until the operator initiates a normal stop
or a shutdown occurs. Gas turbine can remain at this speed indefinitely.

5.3. Fire Mode

This mode of operation shall primarily be used to verify that the GT start sequence
functions properly.

Once the start permissive are valid/healthy, the operator may initiate start. Sequence steps
SA1.2 to SA1.18 are executed, and the gas generator will continue to run at a speed
corresponding to a fixed torque setpoint given by the MKVI to the VSDS, unless the
operator selects another operation mode or initiates a shutdown <1>.

By subsequently selecting Auto or Remote Mode, sequence steps SA1.21 to SA1.32 are
executed; to accelerate the turbine to nominal speed.

With DLN combustion systems there are 4 flame detectors in the primary section and 4 in
the secondary section. Flame is presumed present in a section if any two sensors in a
section indicate flame.

5.4. Start Sequence Auto Mode - Local / Remote

Auto Operation Mode enables initiation of the complete start sequence, up to GT full
speed.

Initiation of GT start/stop and manual control of non-emergency auxiliaries described


on section 6 as MKVI <HMI> are available from DCS via serial link. A start sequence
may only be initiated manually from Mark VI or DCS <2> Push Button if main selector on
HMI is switched on Remote position. <1>

The description below deals with a GT start. A start sequence may only be initiated
manually.

SA1.1 Prior to train start-up all start-up permissives must be confirmed and no trip
condition must be present (all trips cleared).

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<1>

Job Tag GE Tag Service Logic


N.A L3COMM_IO VCMI IO NETWORK OK True
16-XS-5763F L86cr CRANKING MOTOR COMMON FAULT False
16-XS-5786 L86ps 24DC POWER SUPPLY FAULT False
16-LT -5402 L71QL_W LUBE OIL TANK LEVEL LOW False
16-TT -5405 L26QN_2 LUBE OIL TEMPERATURE LOW LOW False
16-XS-5750 C l27qel LO EMERGENCY PUMP UNDERVOLTAGE False
16-XS-5750 D L49qe LO EMERGENCY PUMP OVERLOAD False
16-XS-5765F L86qa LO AUX PUMP COMMON FAULT False
16-PT-6454 96FG-1 FUEL GAS INLET - PERMESSIVE TO START False
16-XS-5750 C L27qs2 JACKING OIL EMERGENCY PUMP UNDERVOLTAGE False
16-XS-5750 D L49qs2 JACKING OIL EMERGENCY PUMP OVERLOAD False
16-ZSC -5446 L33af1c ACCESS DOOR INTAKE FILTER CLOSED True
16-TT -5445 A/B/C L26BA1 TURBINE ENCL. TEMPERATURE HIGH False
16-TT -5446 A/B/C L26BA2 TURBINE ENCL. TEMPERATURE HIGH False
16-ZSC -5445 A L33dt1 ACCESSORY COMPARTMENT DOOR#1 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5445 B L33dt2 ACCESSORY COMPARTMENT DOOR#2 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5445 C L33dt3 TURBINE COMPARTMENT DOOR#1 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5445 D L33dt4 TURBINE COMPARTMENT DOOR#2 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5445 E L33dt5 LOAD COUPLING COMPARTMENT DOOR#1 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5445 F L33dt6 LOAD COUPLING COMPARTMENT DOOR#2 CLOSED 1 True
16-ZSC -5425 L33ai1 ACCESSORY VENTILATION INLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC-5432 L33ai2 VENTILATION AIR INLET DAMPER CLOSED False
16-ZSC-5431 l33fd1 ACCESSORY VENTILATION INLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC -5430 l33fd2 TURBINE VENTILATION INLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC -5429 l33fd3 LOAD COUPL. VENTILATION INLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC -5426 l33fd5 ACCESSORY VENTILATION OUTLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC -5427 l33fd6 TURBINE VENTILATION OUTLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
16-ZSC-5428 l33fd7 LOAD COUPL. VENTILATION OUTLET DAMPER CLOSED 1 False
CGD -5406 A/B/C l45hta TURBINE ENCL. GAS CONCENTR. HIGH False
CGD -5407 A/B/C l45hfa TURB. INLET AIR FILTER GAS CONCENTR. HIGH False
CGD -5405 A/B/C l45ha Accessory zone . GAS CONCENTR. HIGH False
CGD -5406 A/B/C l45hta2 TURBINE ENCL. GAS CONCENTR. HIGH False
CGD -5407 A/B/C l45hfa TURB. INLET AIR FILTER GAS CONCENTR. HIGH False
16-XZSO-5446 l33cp_c CO2 DISCHARGE LINE OPEN True
16-HZSO-5406 33CL-7B PILOT VAPOUR LINE OPEN True
16-HZSO-5439 33CL-4B CO2 INITIAL DISCHARGE ACC COMPART OPEN True
16-HZSO-5440 33CL-5B CO2 EXTENDED DISCHARGE G.T COMP OPEN True
16-HZSO-5441 33CL-6B CO2 EXTENDED DISCHARGE G.T COMP CLOSED True
16-WAL-5401 COMMON WEIGHT ALAM OF CO2 WEIGHT SWITCHES True
16-XS-5700 l86fg F&G SYSTEM FAULT False
16-XS-5519 L86vm Vibration monitor fault false
16-WA-5401 l33cr CO2 LOAD CELL WEIGHT False
16-XS-5503 l45fta FIRE DETECTED IN TURBINE COMPARTMENT False
16-XS-5703 l43cp_i CO2 RELEASE INHIBITED False
16-XS-5753 A l86dcp_a DCP RECTIFIER #A FAULT False
16-XS-5753 B l86dcp_b DCP RECTIFIER #B FAULT False
16-XS-5751 L80X MINIMUM BATTERY VOLTAGE ALARM False
16-PSH-5455 96FG Intervalve gas pressure high False
16-XS-5797 vsds_rem VSDS REMOTE CONTROL SELECTED 2 True
<3> 16-XS-5794A l3stck_vsds VSDS ready to start True
<3> 16-XS-5796 vsds_alm VSDS ALARM false
16-XS-5850 l86ps_ccc CCC POWER SUPPLY FAULT False
N.A. L33P2 FUEL GAS VALVES IN CORRECT POSITION 1 True
16-PSL-5811 L96JOL Jacking oil system pressure True
16-PSL-5813 L96JOL-2 Jacking oil system pressure true
16-PSL-5805 L96QTL Lube oil header presuure true
16-XZSC-5801 l33sg EXTERNAL BUFFER GAS VALVE CLOSED False
16-PSL-5609 AN 200 N2 INLET ON TERTIARY SEALS
16-PDSL -5613 AN 200 COMPR.R SG INLET/PRIMARY vent Low False
16-XS-5796 l3rs_vsds VSDS ALARM 2 False

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16-PDSL -5822 BCL1003 COMPRESSOR SEAL GAS INLET Low False
L86TCI COMPRESSOR INLET TEMP THERMOCOUPLE DISAGREE False
N.A L3IGVFLT INLET GUIDE VANE POSITION TROUBLE False
N.A L86HD HYDRAULIC PROTECTIVE TROUBLE LOCKOUT False
N.A L28FDSCK FLAME DETECT TROUBLE False
L43O OFF MODE SELECTED False
N.A L14HM CRANK SPEED SIGNAL False
N.A L86CBI BLEED VALVE POSIT. TROUBLE STARTUP LOCKOUT False
N.A L3ACS FUEL GAS SERVOS NOT FAULT True
16-XS-0244 PERMISSIVE TO START FROM ESD ESD RESET true
<1> <2>
Once start PB activated, the sequencing sets the flag L1X 16-XS-5570B (available to <2>
DCS via modbus link) true, that indicates the command accepted and the start sequence in
progress.

SA1.2 Prior to, and during, the start-up sequences, certain alarm and trip functions have
to be inhibited/overridden to prevent unnecessary/false alarms being annunciated;
these are:

Loss of GT compartment pressure (prior to ignition) (16-PDT-5488)


(96SV-1) <1>.
Lube oil headers pressure low (prior to master protective relay pick-up)
PT-5805A/B/C (96QT-1A/B/C) <1>
GT low control/hydraulic oil press. (Prior to master protective relay pick-up)
PT-5418A/B/C (96HG-1A/B/C) <1>
Loss of signal from GT speed sensor (prior to ignition)
Loss of flame

When the conditions mentioned in the above point SA1.1 are satisfied, the message
READY TO START will be shown on the MKVI <HMI> operator interface main
display. The START command can be initiated by the software pushbutton on MKVI
<HMI> operator interface main display; an overall sequence check timer will be started.
Then the START SELECT will appear on the MKVI <HMI> operator interface main
display, and the following actions will be initiated:

SA1.3 The AC Auxiliary Lube Oil pump 88QA (16-MJ01-MJ01-A-M)<1> is


automatically started. When the lube oil header pressure is restored, the lube oil
system is considered ready for operation. For further informations refer to
section 6.2.

SA1.3a The signal VSDS ON to VSDS is generated by MKVI by closing the contact
16-XS-5790 <1>. This will cause VSDS auxiliaries to enter in operation. When
VSDS will be ready to start, a VSDS ready VSDSAUX_OK (16-XS-5795) <1>
<2> signal will be activated for Master Protective Signal permissive.

SA1.3b The Lube Oil Vapour Extraction Fan 88QV1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ06-A/B-M), which
<2> is selected as the duty fan, is automatically started. <1>
(For further information, refer to section 6.4).

SA1.4 The GT Compartment Ventilation Fans 88BA1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ08-A-M) <1> is


automatically started. The compartment is equipped with 2 x 100% ventilation
fans. When the compartment pressure is restored and purge timer elapsed, the
ventilation system is considered ready for operation. Automatic start of non-
5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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duty fan for the GT is initiated by high temperature and/or high gas
concentration and/or duty fan failure. For further informations on the
ventilation fans refer to section 6.1.

SA1.5 The VSDS Jacking oil pump 88QS1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-A-M) <1> is automatically
started. When the jacking oil delivery header pressure switches are restored, the
system is considered ready for operation.
(For further information, refer to section 6.8)

SA1.6 The Auxiliary Hydraulic Oil Pump 88HQ-1 (16-MJ01-MJ05-A-M)<1> is


automatically started. Once the hydraulic oil header pressure is restored 96HQ-1
(16-PT -5426) <1>, the hydraulic oil system is considered ready for operation.
For further informations refer to section 6.3)

SA1.7 The solenoid XEV -5409 (20FB-1) is energized to open the FCV off-skid block
valve and, after a 30 secs (KPURGE_F) delay to purge the line, the solenoid
<2> XEV -5410 (20FV-1) is energized to close the off-skid vent valve. Warmup fuel
gas is activated: Vent valve XEV-5411 is opened until TE-5459 reaches the set
value according to table in SOM5081466 sh 12

SA1.8 Purge ON command (16-XC-5505)<1> is given to MCC. When purge completed


signal (16-XS-5520) <1>is received by MKVI, motor is pressurised and ready for
unit running. DRIVE OFF signal to VSDS is removed by MKVI by closing the
contact 16-XS-5791 <1>.

SA1.9 When all auxiliaries are started and running correctly, checking again the start
permissive, the MASTER PROTECTIVE SIGNAL (L4) is activated inside the
MKVI software logic. The message STARTING and the message SEQUENCE
IN PROGRESS will be shown on the MKVI <HMI> operator interface main
display.

SA1.10 The fuel gas shutoff valve 20FG (16-XEV -5402) <1> closes automatically. This
valve drains the control oil: when closed, allow to pressurize control oil circuit
and thus allow the opening of fuel gas valves.

Inhibit/override from

Loss of GT compartment pressure (16-PDT-5488) (96SV-1) <1>.

Loss of lube oil headers pressure low PT-5805A/B/C (96QT-1A/B/C)<1>

are automatically removed.

SA1.11 Once the process valves are in the correct position for startup, compressor SOP is
below 1.5 bara, ESD<1> gives back to MKVI a signal 16-XS-5756
(CUSTOMER READY TO START) <2>.
Correct valves position has to include process suction and discharge valves
closed, vent valve closed, antisurge valve opened.<2>

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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SA1.12 READY TO CRANK condition is achieved and if no shutdown condition is


present (the MASTER PROTECTIVE SIGNAL(L4) is still activated), the
MKVI logic gives the command to start the Cranking motor 88CR 16-MJ01-
EL02-M <1> .

SA1.13 Starting motor brings GT shaft speed to 10%. <1>

SA1.14 Turbine compressor IGV solenoid valve 20TV (16- XEV -5401)<1> is energized
as soon as shaft begins spinning.

SA1.15 When 10% speed is reached, the turbine purge timer starts automatically
(approximately 2 minutes, to be configured in field) to purge the turbine,
combustion air inlet and the exhaust systems (three times)

SA1.16 Once the Mk VI "Purge Complete" signal the purge will be considered complete
and the MK VI will allow the unit to proceed to firing speed.

SA1.17 The fuel gas vent valve 20VG-1 (16-XY-5417) <1> is automatically closed.

SA1.18 Ignition is automatically energized at 10% of rated speed.

SA1.19 Allow a maximum of 1 minute for light-off; fail to ignite alarm is automatically
activated if flame is not detected within 1 minute and continue to rotate at crank
speed. Typically 2oo4 primary flame detectors BE-5401A/B/C/D - determine
the flame detected <1>

SA1.19a Exhaust Frame Cooling Fans 88TK1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ07A/B-M) are automatically


started. (For further information, refer to section 6.9)
<2>
SA1.20 Override from loss of signal from GT speed is automatically removed, as well as
from GT low control / hydraulic oil pressure.

SA1.21 MKVI will check for excessive fuel flow (Excessive fuel flow is estimated as
consequence of Fuel Valve Excessive Stroke during startup.), if that condition is
detected a trip (4T) is initiated. <1>

SA1.22 When the flame is detected, the warm-up timer (1 minute) is started. Torque
setpoint signal 16-UY-5103 to increased to raise GT shaft speed by 0.05%/s.

SA1.23 At the end of warm-up period DRIVE OFF signal to VSDS is removed by MKVI
closing the contact (16-XS-5791 <1>). <1>MKVI logic gives the command to
start the VSDS motor (to help the starting motor 88CR to accelerate the turbine)
by activating the VSDS motor start 16-XS-5794 signal. The Torque set point
signal to VSDS is increased to bring GT speed to 95% (3420 RPM). 16-XS-5793
<1>

SA1.24 At 95% GT speed (3420 RPM) the signal 16-UEV-0032 will be sent by Mark VI
to ESD to close AN200 bleed valve 16-UV-0032. <2>

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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SA1.25 When the speed is above 500rpm the jacking oil pump 88QS-1(16-MJ01-MJ13-
A-M) <1> is stopped.

SA1.26 During the startup acceleration of the gas turbine compressor to operating speed
the GT inlet guide vanes are controlled as a function of temperature corrected
speed to prevent stall at low speeds typically in the front stages of the
compressor.

SA1.27 Auxiliary Lube Oil Pump 88QA-1 (16-MJ01-MJ01A-M) is stopped. Auxiliary


Hydraulic Oil Pump 88HQ-1 (16-MJ01-MJ05-A-M)<1> is stopped.

SA1.28 When 99.5% speed is reached, GT speed control is activated and speed raised to
100%. The MKVI controller will reduce helper motor torque set point to the
minimum value.
At the end of startup sequence, the turbine operates in PRIMARY combustion
mode. The combustion system is sequenced through a number of staging modes
depending on the power delivered by the gas turbine, that depends on the power
absorbed by the process; these modes are defined as LEAN-LEAN,
SECONDARY, PREMIX TRANSFER and PREMIX. Combustion modes status
is transferred to DCS via the serial link connection. It is recommended to control
the process pressurization maintaining pressure increments between 0 and
0.416% per sec and 0.138% per sec during PREMIX TRANFER mode.<3>
From now on, should the turbine maximum power be reached, an increment in
process load would result in a decrease of machine speed MKVI increases torque
set point signal such that the VSDS motor effort is increased and the train
recovers to 100% speed.

SA1.29 n.a. <2>.

SA1.30 Signal turbine running 16-XS-0240 is sent to ESD. <2>


Antisurge controllers (16-UIC-0033 / 16-UIC-0045 / 16-UIC0058) are switched
<2>
in AUTO mode from Mark VI. <1> <2>
At this step Mark VI enables DCS (remote command) for IGV position, provided
that override of the Mark VI commands is active.

SA1.31 The following timers and counters are incremented:


Total starts
Total fired hours (beginning from flame detected status)

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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5.5. Normal Stop Sequence

The description below deals with a normal stop. A normal stop may be initiated manually
or automatically.

A normal stop sequence runs through a gas turbine deceleration - steps SB1.1 to SB1.6 -
prior to fuel shutoff. From the point fuel is shut off, the normal stop sequence is identical to
the emergency trip sequence. <1>

SB1.1 Turbine normal stop signal is issued from MKVI <HMI> operator interface main
display software pushbutton or from ESD signal 16-XS-0246. <1> <2>.
From Mark VI <HMI> normal stop pushbutton can be activated only if the permissive
signal 16-XS-5580P transmitted from DCS via modbus link is true, indicating that the
process is ready to receive the manual stop of the unit. <3>.

SB1.2 The Turbine running signal 16-XS-0240 (L3) is deactivated.<1>

SB1.2A Once normal stop sequence is in progress, signal from Mark VI to ESD<1> (16-
XS-0243)<1> is notified (independently from the cause that initiated the normal
stop).

SB1.2B Start close AN200 IGV by deactivates oil to valve (16-XV-5602)<1>.

SB1.3 The antisurge controllers are set to stop mode causing the antisurge valves to
open.

SB1.4 The speed set point signal (16-UY-5103) to VSDS is reduced to minimum
value.

SB1.5 The fuel gas stroke reference is gradually reduced to cause the fuel gas valves to
close.

SB1.6 When flame is lost, the control oil drain solenoid valve 20FG (16-XY-5402) is
closed, fuel gas vent valve 20VG-1 (16-XY-5423) is opened and fuel stroke
reference is set to zero. Hydraulic oil pump 88HQ-1 (16-MJ01-MJ05-M) is
stopped.
Turbine compressor IGV control solenoid 20TV (16-XY-5401) is de-energized.

SB1.7 Train shutdown signal to VSDS is generated; trip signal L94T (16-XS-5570A)
to DCS is initiated via modbus link <2>.

SB1.8 n.a. <5>

SB1.9 n.a. <2>

SB1.10 120 minutes after the flame loss, enclosure fans 88BA1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ08-A/B-
M) <1> are stopped.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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SB1.11 When speed drops below 95%, Auxiliary Lube Oil Pump 88QA-1 (16-MJ01-
MJ01-A-M) is started. If AC power is not available, the DC emergency lube oil
pump 88QE (16-MJ01-MJ01-B-M) will be started when the condition LUBE
OIL HEADER PRESSURE LOW is detected, in order to drive the gas turbine
normal stop sequence.

SB1.12 When speed drops below 95%, Auxiliary Hydraulic Oil Pump 88HQ-1 (16-
MJ01-MJ05-M) is started if in normal stop sequence. <1>

SB1.13 When speed drops below 95%, Exhaust Frame cooling fans 88TK1-2 (16-MJ01-
MJ07-A/B-M) are stopped if flame is not present, otherwise they stop at flame
loss.

SB1.14 As soon as stop is initiated, a command to open the AN200 bleed valve 16-UV-
0032 is activated from Mark VI to ESD when operative speed is below 94% or
fuel cut off.

SB1.15 When speed drops below 500 rpm, the jacking oil pump 88QB1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-
M) is started.

SB1.16 After the GT has come down to 0.18% speed, start the turbine cooldown timer
(24 hours). For further information refer to section 0.

SB1.17 AC turning gear motor 88TG-1 (16-MJ01-MJ03-M) is started


should the AC power not be available; the turning sequence is executed with the
DC motor 88TG-2 (16-MJ01-MJ03-A-M).

SB1.18 Train Off. When the cooldown has been completed, the lube oil pump, the
jacking oil pumps, enclosure ventilation fan, the turning gear motor, the vapour
separator extraction fan are stopped and the operator may select and initiates the
Off Mode, as described in section 5.1.

SB1.19 To prevent unnecessary/false alarms and trips conditions being annunciated


during train shutdown certain alarm and trip functions have to be
inhibited/overridden:
Loss of GT compartment pressure. (16-PDT-5488) (96SV-1) <1>.
Loss of lube oil headers pressure PT-5805A/B/C (96QT-1A/B/C) <1>
Loss of GT control/hydraulic oil pressure. PT-5418A/B/C (96HG-1A/B/C) <1>

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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5.6. Emergency Shutdown Trip Sequence (trip sequence) <1>

External actions, such as isolation of electrical consumers from MCC system in case of
fire, are not discussed.

SC1.1 A shutdown command is initiated either by the operator, or is initiated by a


sequence failure or any other error/fault conditions which make it necessary to
bring the train to the quickest possible stop.

SC1.1a The hot bypass valves are opened from ESD. <1>

SC1.1b AN200 16-UV-0032 bleed valve opening command will be sent by Mark VI to
ESD.
The MR LP compressor IGVs (96TV-1, 96TV-2) are closed by sending stop
signal from MKVI to IGV controller.<2>

SC1.2 The fuel stroke reference is set to minimum/zero. Close the control oil drain
solenoid valve 20FG (16-XY-5402) and open the vent 20VG-1 (16-XY-5423) to
close down the fuel systems.

SC1.3 From this point jump to normal stop Sequence Step SB1.8 to perform normal post
stop activities.

5.7. Emergency Shutdown Trip with Depressurization Sequence (trip


with vent sequence) <1>

SD1.1 A trip with vent command is initiated either by the operator, or is initiated by a
sequence failure or any other error/fault conditions which make it necessary to
bring the train to the quickest possible stop.

SD1.2 Hot bypass valves are open from ESD.

SD1.2b AN200 16-UV-0032 bleed valve opening command will be sent by Mark VI to
ESD.
The MR LP compressor IGVs (96TV-1, 96TV-2) are closed by sending stop
signal from MKVI to IGV controller.<2>

SD1.3 The fuel stroke reference is set to minimum/zero. Close the control oil drain
solenoid valve 20FG (16- XEV -5402) <1> and open the vent 20VG-1 (16-XY-
5423) to close down the fuel systems.

SD1.4 From this point jump to normal stop <1> Sequence Step SB1.8 to perform normal
post stop activities.

Note: According to customer practise, ESD will open HotBypass valves immediately
after trip occurred, while the BlowDown valves will open about 45 secs after trip
with vent activation. <1>
5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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6. START/STOP SEQUENCING FLOW CHART

6.1. Ready to Start

External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries


Sequences Sequences Sequences

Start Sequence

Yes

Shutdown
or
Trip active?

No
No

GT zero speed
detected?

Yes

No
Auxiliaries ready to start include :
- Lube Oil (L3ARS_LO)
Aux. Permissive
- Control Oil (L3ARS_CTO)
ok? - Seismic Vibration (L3ARS_VIB)
- Fuel Gas Scrubber (L3ARS_FGS)

Yes

ESD

Permissive to start
from ESD L3ERS
(16-XS-0244) AND

Unit Ready to
Start

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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6.2. Operative Mode Selection


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences

Off

Master
Selector

-Crank
-Fire
-Auto
-Remote

-Crank
-Fire
Remote Master -Auto
Selector (1)

No

ESD Yes Start


AND Push Button
Start Command on HMI
from ESD-
ESD_START
(16-XS -0245)
B

Note:
(1) Software signal tag

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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6.3. Run Sequence


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences

Turbine Start Sequence


Initiated Start auxiliaries
DCS (serial link )
(L1X=1)
Start sequence in
progress L1X
(16-XS-5570B)

AC Auxiliary Lube Oil Pump GT Compartment Ventilation Lube Oil Vapour Fan Extrac .
88QA (16-MJ01-MJ01-A-M) FAN 88BA-1 / 2 88QV-1 / 2
(16-MJ01-MJ08-A-M) (16-MJ01-MJ06-A/B-M)
Start command activated Start command activated
Start command activated

Lube
GT Comp .
Oil No No
Header Differential
Pressure Pressure
OK OK

Yes
Yes
Purge
No
Time
VSDS Elapsed
Yes
VSDS ON FROM MKVI
(16-XS -5790=1)
Activate VSDS Auxiliaries

VSDS Jacking Oil Pump Auxiliary Hydraulic Oil Pump


88QS1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-A-M) 88HQ-1 (16-MJ01-MJ05-A-M)
Start command activated Start command activated

Jacking Hydraulic
Oil Delivery No Oil No
Header Header
Pressure Pressure
OK OK
Yes Yes

Energize solenoid Valve 20FB -1


(XEV-5409) to open FCV off -skid
Block Valve

Sart Fuel Gas Line Purge Timer


KPURGE _F = 30 sec

Fuel Gas
Line Purge Timer No
Expired?
KPURGE _F=30sec

Yes

Note: Prior to and durung the start -up sequence , certain alarms and trips functions have to be Energize solenoid Valve 20FV-1
inhibited/overriden to prevent unnecassary /false alarms (XEV-5410) to close off -skid
These are : Vent Valve
- Loss of GT compartment pressure (prior to ignition ) (16-PDT-5488) 96SV-1
- Lube Oil header Pressure low (prior to master realy pick -up) (16-PT-5805 A/B/C) 96QT-1A/B/C
- GT low pressure of control /Hydraulic oil (prior to master realy pick -up) ( 16-PT-5418 A/B/C)
Fuel Gas Warm-up
96HG -1A/B/C
- Loss of signal from GT speed sensor (prior to ignition ) Sequence activated
- Loss of flame
_______VSDS________
16-XS-5795 AUX. ON C
16-XS-5520 Motor Pressurized

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.4. Fuel Gas Warm-up Sequence


E x te rn a l O th e r T u rb in e a n d A u x ilia rie s
S equences Sequences S equences

O pen V ent V alve (X E V -54 11)


N ote:
(1) S e t V alue a cco rdin g to
ta ble in S O M 508 146 6 sh 12
F ue l G as
T em pe rature No
T E -545 9 (1)
OK
Y es

C lose V e nt V alve (X E V -541 1)

MCC
S ta rt M C C M otor P u rge T im er
M otor P u rg e O N
C om m a nd
form M K V I (16 -X C -5 505 )

M otor P urge No
T im er
E xpire d?

Y es

MCC

M o tor P u rg e S equ en ce
C om plete d (1 6 -X S -55 20 )

M otor P ressurizzed and


ready for U nit R unning

A uxilia res starte d and


ru nning corre ctly
N ote: - 8 8Q A -run ning S ta rt P a sse d No
(2) M K V I so ftw are logic - 8 8H Q -ru nning OK
signa l - 8 8Q V -1/2-ru nning
- 8 8Q S 1-ru nnin g
- 8 8B A -1 /2 -runn ing Yes

M A S T E R P R O T E C T IV E S IG N A L
L4= 1 is a ctivated (2)
S T A R T IN G & S E Q U E N C E IN
PROG RESS
S ho w n o n th e M K V I op era to r
interface <H M I>

R e m ove In hib it/override from :


C L O S E FU E L G A S S H U T O F F - Loss of G T C o m p. P ressure 96S V -1
V A L V E 20F G (16 -X E V -5 402) (16-P D T-5 488 )
- Loss of L ube O il H ead er P ressu re
96Q T -1A /B /C (16-P T -5 805 A /B /C )

ESD
P roc ess V a lves No
C usto m er re ady to s tart in correct
(16 -X S -5 756 ) p ositio n ? T urbine No
R ea dy to
Yes C ra nk
<5> Y es

C rank S equence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.5. Crank Sequence


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences

Master
Protective Signal (L4) No
Still activated
OK
Yes

Any Shutdown Yes


Condition Present ? Start up sequence aborted

NO

Start command to Cranking


Motor 88CR (16-MJ01-EL02-M)
to bring GT shaft speed at 10%

Is the GT No
Shaft spins ?

Yes

Energize IGV Solenoid Valve


20TV (16-XEV-5401)

Is the GT No
Speed at 10%?

Yes

Start Turbine Purge Timer


Set at 2 min

Turbine Purge No
Timer Expired ?

Yes

GT Purge Completed

Fire Sequence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.6. Fire Sequence and acceleration to operative speed


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences

Close Fuel Gas Vent Valve


20VG-1 (16-XY-5417)

Energize Ignition signal 2TVX

Note:
(1) Voting logic 2oo4
primary flame detector Are the flame
BE-5401 A/B/C/D (1) NO Fail to Ignite Alarm is
Detected within 1 min? generated

Trip Override are removed for :


Loss of Signal from GT speed and
Yes Turbine continue to rotate
Hydraulic oil Low Pressure at crank speed

Start command to Exhaust Frame Start Warm -up Timer


Cooling Fans
Set at 1 min
88TK- 1 /2 (16-MJ01-MJ07 A/B-M) Excessive fuel No
flow
Detected ?
Increase Torque set point signal
16-UY-5103 to raise GT shaft
Yes
speed by 0,05%/sec
Turbine Warm -up No
Timer Expired ?

Yes
Initiated trip sequence
L4T=1

VSDS
VSDS start command from MKVI
logic VSDS motor start
DRIVE OFF signal 16-XS -5794
removed from MarkVI
16-XS 5791
Increase Torque set -point signal to
VDSD to bring the GT speed at
95% (3420 rpm) (16-XS -5793)

GT speed at No GT speed No
95% ( 3420 rpm)? Above 500 rpm?

Yes Yes

VSDS Jacking Oil Pump


ESD 88QS1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-A-M)
Close AN200 Stop command activated
Bleed valve form
MKVI
16-UV-0032
F

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.7 Complete Sequence


E x te rn a l O th e r T u rb in e a n d A u x ilia rie s
Sequences Sequences Sequences

A C A uxilia ry Lub e O il P um p A u xiliary H ydra ulic O il P um p


88Q A (1 6-M J0 1-M J01 -A -M ) 88H Q -1 (16 -M J0 1-M J05-A -M )
S top com m and a ctiva te d S to p com m a nd activated
G T sp eed No
at 99,5% ?

Yes

A ctivated G T spe ed con trol V S D S torque se t po int


T urb ine spe ed rise up to
10 0% re duce d to m inim um value

N ote: A t th e en d of start-up T h e O the r cu m bustio n


C om p lete sequ ence E nd o f
se qu ence the turbine stag ing m o de are LE A N -
start-up se que nce L3= 1
ope rates in P R IM A R Y LEAN; SECO NDARY:
ESD co m bu stio n m ode P R E M IX T R A N S F E R A N D
P R E M IX de pe ndin g on the
T urbine running p ow er a bsorbed b y the
A N T IS U R G E S Y S p roce ss.
from M K V I
L 3 _ E S D =1 A ntisurge
N o te : C om bu stio n m od es
(16 -X S -0240 ) C ontroller in auto status are tra nsferre d to D C S
m ode from M K V I - via se rial lin k
16 -U IC -0033
16 -U IC -0045
16 -U IC -0058

DCS
R em ote com m and
for IG V position
enabled 16 -
X S 5577 A S ta rt seq ue nce to tran sfe r
co m bu stio n m o de from
P R IM A R Y to LE A N -LE A N ,
S E C O N D A R Y , P R E M IX
T R A N S F E R , an d P R E M IX
D C S (via serial link )

P rem ix T ran sfer


X S -5576 X = T rue T otal S tart an d T otal F ire d
T o notify rate H ours a re incre m ente d
requirem ent of
0 .138 % /sec

E nd of sequence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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6.8 Normal Stop Sequence


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences
Start Normal Stop
Sequence

Crank
Fire
Remote Master Auto
Selector

AND
Permissive to No
ESD Stop from
Normal Stop from DCS?
ESD - ESD_STOP
Yes
(16-XS -0246)

DCS (via serial link)

Stop Permissive HMI STOP? No


Signal from DCS
16-XS-5580P
Yes

G
Auxiliares shutdown request
include:
Yes
Automatically -Wheelspaces (L94ASHD_WSE)
G AUX STOP? -Seismic Vibration (L94ASHD_VIB
-Inlet Air and Filter(L94ASHD_IAF)
No

Yes
Core Engine
G STOP?

No

End of Normal Stop


Sequence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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E x te rn a l O th e r T u rb in e a n d A u x ilia rie s
Sequences Sequences S equences
G

S hu td ow n
In prog ress (L 94X )

ESD
A N T IS U R G E S YS
T urbine running
signal deactivated A ntisurge
L 3 _ E S D =0 C ontroller set in
F uel G a s S troke red uced C lo se A N 200 IG V
(16 -X S -0240 ) S top m ode from C lose th e fu el ga s contro l (16-X V -560 2)
MKVI - va lves
O pen A ntisurge
V alves
(16 -X S -5853 )
ESD (16 -X S -585 4 )
N orm al S top in Is the F lam e No
progress from Lost? L 28 F D =0
M KV I L 94 X _ E S D VSDS
(16 -X S -0243 ) Yes
S peed set point
(16 -U Y -5103 ) set H
at m inim um value

A u x.H ydra ulic O il P um p


88H Q -1 (16-M J01 -M J05-M ) G T shutdow n No
S top com m an d activa te d A ctive ? L 94 T =1

D C S (serial link) Yes


T rain shutdow n
active from M K V I
L 94 T =1
(16 -X S -5570 A )

O pen the C ontrol O il O pen the F uel G as D e energize the IG V


S olenoid V alve 20 F G V ent V alve 20 V G -1 C ontrol S olenoid
VSDS (16 -X Y -5402 ) (16 -X Y -5423 ) 20 T V (16 -X Y -5401 )
<5> T rain shutdow n
signal from M K V I
L 94 T =1
G T speed No
P below 95 % ?

Yes

Is the A C Is the Lube O il


No No
P ow er H eader press .
A vailable ? Low ?
Y es Yes

A C A uxiliary Lu be O il P um p D C E m erg ency Lub e O il P u m p


88 Q A (16-M J01-M J01 -A -M ) 88Q E (1 6-M J0 1-M J01-B -M )
S ta rt com m a nd activated S tart com m an d activa te d

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries


Sequences Sequences Sequences

L
H

OR
Start GT Enclosure
VentilationTimer
set at 120min Exhaust Frame Cooling Fans
88TK-1/2
(16-MJ01-MJ07-A/B-M)
Stop command activated

Ventilation No
Timer expired?

Yes
L
GT Enclosure Ventilation Fans
88BA-1/2
(16-MJ01-MJ08-A/B-M)
Stop command activated

GT speed No
below 94%?

Yes

ESD
Command to open
AN200 bleed valve GT speed
(16-UV-0032) No
below
activated from 500rpm?
MKVI
Yes

VSDS Jacking Oil Pump


88QS-1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-M)
Start command activated
GT speed No
below 0.18%?

Yes

Cooldown Timer Activated


Is the AC
No Set at 10 hours
Power
Available ?

Yes

AC Turning Gear Motor DC Turning Gear Motor Cooldown


88TG-1 (16-MJ01-MJ03-M) 88TG -2 (16-MJ01-MJ01-A-M) No
timer
Start command activated Start command activated Expired?

Note: To prevent unnecassary /false alarms and trips during shutdown certain Yes
Alarm and trip function have to be inhibited /overriden :
- Loss of GT compartment pressure (16-PDT-5488) 96SV-1 L62CD=1
- Loss of Lube Oil header Pressure (16-PT-5805 A/B/C) 96QT-1A/B/C
- Loss of control /Hydraulic oil pressure (16-PT-5418 A/B/C) 96HG -1A/B/C

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries


Sequences Sequences Sequences

AC/DC Turning Gear Motors AC Auxiliary Lube Oil Pump VSDS Jacking Oil Pumps
88TG-1 or 88TG-2 88QA (16-MJ01-MJ01-A-M) 88QS-1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-M)
(16-MJ01-MJ03-M) or 88QS-2 (16-MJ01-MJ13-A-M)
(16-MJ01-MJ03-A-M) DC Emergency Lube Oil Pump
88QE (16-MJ01-MJ01-B-M) Stop command activated
Stop command activated
Stop command activated

Lube Oil Vapour Fan Extrac .


88QV-1 / 2
(16-MJ01-MJ06-A/B-M)
Stop command activated

AND

End of Normal
Stop Sequence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.9 Emergency shutdown trip sequence (trip request)


External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences
Note: A shutdown command is
initiated either by the operator or
by sequence failure or any other
Start Sequence error/fault condition which make
it necessary to bring the train to
quickest possible stop

ESD

Trip activated from Yes


ESD L4CT
EDS Trip N
(16-XS -0247)
No

Auxiliares trip request include :


-Hydraulic Oil (L4ATRIP_HYD)
Yes -Lube Oil (L4ATRIP_LO)
N Auxiliaries Trip? -Seismic Vibration (L4ATRIP_VIB)
-Control Oil (L4ATRIP_CTO)
-Starting Device (L4ATRIP_SD)
No -Enclos.Ventilation (L4ATRIP_ENC)
-Fuel Gas (L4ATRIP_FG)

Yes Process (Seal Process (Seal Gas Trip) include:


N1 Gas) Trip -Seal Gas vent Pressure HH
-Emergency Pushbutton activation
-Fire trip
No

Yes Core Engine


N Trip?

End Sequence

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries


Sequences Sequences Sequences

Unit summary Trip


Deactiviate master protective
signal L4=0

ESD
ESD signal from
MKVI L4X2=0
(16-XS-XS -0241)
Open Hot by-pass
valves MR LP compressor IGVs Fuel Gas Stroke reference Open the control Oil drain
96TV-1; 96TV-2 FSR solenoid Valve 20FG
Close command to IGV Is set to minimum/zero (16-XY-5402)
<5> Controller

ESD
AN200 bleed valve
Open Fuel Gas Vent Valve
opening command 20VG-1 (16-XY-5423)
from MKVI
(16-UV-0032)

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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6.10 Emergency shutdown trip with Depressurization Sequence (trip with


vent sequence)
External Other Turbine and Auxiliaries
Sequences Sequences Sequences

N1

Unit in Trip with vent

ESD

ESD signal from


MKVI
L3DT_ESD=0
(16-XS-XS -0242)
Open Hot by-pass
Unit summary Trip
valves Deactiviate master protective
signal L4=0

<5>

MR LP compressor IGVs Fuel Gas Stroke reference Open the control Oil drain
96TV-1; 96TV-2 FSR solenoid Valve 20FG
ESD Close command to IGV Is set to minimum/zero (16-XY-5402)
Controller
AN200 bleed valve
opening command
from MKVI
(16-UV-0032) Open Fuel Gas Vent Valve
20VG-1 (16-XY-5423)

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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7. AUXILIARIES SEQUENCES

7.1. Description of GT compartment ventilation fans logic <5>

Two ventilation fans 16-MJ08-A/B, Duty and Standby, are supplied, each designed to provide
100% of rated airflow, to prevent over temperature condition and the accumulation of
hazardous gases in the gas turbine enclosure. Two AC motors, 88BA-1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ08-A-M
and 16-MJ01-MJ08-B-M (88BA1/2), drive these fans.

Start/stop logic
During the start-up sequence, the Duty fan is started if:
- turbine starting sequence is initiated (L1X).
- all dampers (input/output) are open (software signal L3BT):

Ventilation Dampers permissive check


Job Tag GE Tag Service Logic
ZSC -5425 33AI-1 Damper vent. air inlet accessory zone False
ZSC -5432 33AI-2 Damper vent. air inlet accessory zone False
ZSC -5426 33FD-5 ACCESSORY ZONE VENT OUTLET False
DAMPER
ZSC -5427 33FD-6 TURBINE ZONE VENT OUTLET DAMPER False
ZSC -5428 33FD-7 COUPLING ZONE VENT OUTLET DAMPER False
ZSC -5431 33FD-1 DAMPER VENT. AIR INLET ACC. ZONE False
ZSC -5430 33FD-2 TURBINE ZONE VENT INLET DAMPER False
ZSC -5429 33FD-3 COUPLING ZONE VENT INLET DAMPER False
(when master relay L4 is set, these conditions will be bypassed)

- none of the following cut-off conditions is verified:

Ventilation Cut-off Conditions


Job Tag GE Tag Service Logic
XS-5705 45FTT -1 ENCLOSURE FIRE DETECTED TRP UV & UV/IR True
XS-5706 45FTT -2 ENCLOSURE FIRE DETECTED TRP HEATRISE True
XS-5714 45HFT TURBINE INLET AIR FILTER GAS detected trip True
XS -5704 63CPD Extinguisher release in progress True

- note: if offline water wash selected ventilation fan does not start

- after fan is started when GT enclosure pressure is restored detected by PDT -5488 (96SV-1) transmitter
(not in low alarm), the enclosure is purged for 1 minute and when the purge timer is expired, pressure is normal
and the main fan is running the auxiliary start passed signal for the ventilation is activated.

Ventilation
Once the turbine has been stopped, the Duty fan is stopped K4BTON (typically 120 min) after flameout
(~L28FDX) in turbine combustion chambers.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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During normal operation, a switchover to the Standby fan takes place if one the following condition identifying
insufficient ventilation of the compartment occurs:

Job Tag GE Tag SW Tag Service Logic


PDT -5488 96SV-1 L63BT_W1 Ventilation low pressure int. enclosure True

Logic on alarm relevant GT enclosure


In case of high presence of gas XS -5711 (45HTA-1) XS-5724 (45HTA-2) or high temperature TAH -5445 in the
turbine enclosure and no cut off conditions are active the fan that is running is forced to run and its not possible to
stop it.
While the ventilation is running the operator before entering in the enclosure, must press a push button on the
ventilation graphic page in order to temporary inhibit the low differential pressure alarm (PDAH -5488
(L63BT_W)). This inhibition will be automatically removed after 8 hours (constant can be adjusted on site) or the
operator can remove the inhibition when he is out of the enclosure.
If doors are open and low differential pressure is detected (PDAH -5488 (L63BT_W)) an alarm is activated and
within 30 seconds the doors must be closed and the pressure is restored otherwise unit will be tripped.

Main/Auxiliary selection and changeover logics


This selection is operated by the dedicated push button on the HMI.
In case the changeover is performed with fan running, the fan that has become selected as Duty is started
immediately. The fan previously selected as Duty still remains in operation for additional 10 seconds before being
stopped.
As default, the fan 88BA-1 (16-MJ01-MJ08-A) is selected as Duty.

Manual control
The Operator from the HMI can manually start the fans if dampers and cut off conditions described in the above
Start/Stop logic are verified (only with master selector in off position).

Cut out Logic


Fire & Gas Panel autonomously sends cut out signals to MCC in case of fire detected. For detailed logic refer to
Fire & Gas PLC Logic Diagram.

1
Software signal tag
5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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Description of the mineral lube oil pumps logic

The unit is equipped with one mechanical main lube oil pump, one AC auxiliary lube oil
pump 88QA (16-MJ01-MJ01-A-M) and with one DC emergency lube oil pump 88QE (16-
MJ01-MJ01-B-M): their purpose is to lubricate the GT as well as the compressor, the gear
box and helper motor bearings during the unit operation.

The mineral lube oil pumps are designed for continuous operation but are not operated after
the gas turbine package is shut down and the cooldown timer has elapsed.

To operate the mineral lube oil pumps, the oil tank level 96QL/H (16-LT-5403) and
temperature 96QN-2 (16-TT-5405) shall be between the operation limits; if the level or the
temperature are not OK before starting, starting will be inhibited and an alarm will occur. If
one of the parameters will be not OK during operation of the unit an alarm will occur.

When unit start is selected the mineral oil system starts automatically.
When the right pressure is restored 96QN-1 (16-PT-5404) permission to continue with
starting sequence is given.

When the gas turbine reaches the OPERATING SPEED 95% the AC auxiliary lube oil
pump is stopped and the oil flow amount is guaranteed by the mechanical main lube oil
pump.
As long as the gas turbine is above the OPERATING SPEED, if the conditions LUBE
OIL HEADER PRESSURE LOW (16-PT-5805) 96QA-1 (16-PT-5406) will be detected,
the AC auxiliary lube oil pump will be automatically started. If normal conditions are
restored, the AC auxiliary lube oil pump can be stopped manually from the HMI or from
the MCC.

The lube oil header pressure 96QL-1 (16-PT-5403) low-level threshold that causes the DC
emergency lube oil pump to start is lower than the shutdown level.
When the DC emergency lube oil pump comes in operation, the unit is thus in shutdown
condition.
Once the pump is started, it runs continuously for 15 minutes and then 30 seconds ON,
3 minutes off cycle is started for power supply batteries safeguarding until the end of
cooldown. The DC emergency lube oil pump will be stopped as soon as the condition
LUBE OIL HEADER PRESSURE NORMAL 96QN-1 (16-PT-5404) is detected.
During normal GT operation, the operator is normally allowed to manually start and stop
the DC emergency lube oil pump, unless it is prevented to run or required on by the control
logic.
During unit shutdown, the AC pump is started under 95% speed and stopped at the end of
cooldown.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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7.2. Description of the hydraulic oil pump logic

The unit is equipped with one mechanical main lube oil pump and one AC auxiliary lube
oil pump 88HQ-1 (16-MJ01-MJ05-A): their purpose is to provide pressure to hydraulic
actuated devices.
When unit start is selected the hydraulic oil system starts automatically, as soon as lube oil
pressure is restored.
When the right pressure is restored 96HQ-1 (16-PT-5426) permission to continue with
starting sequence is given.
When the gas turbine reaches the OPERATING SPEED 95%, the AC auxiliary hydraulic
oil pump is stopped and the oil flow is guaranteed by the mechanical pump.
As long as the gas turbine is above the OPERATING SPEED, if the conditions
HYDRAULIC OIL PRESSURE LOW 96HQ-1 (16-PT-5426) will be detected, the AC
hydraulic oil pump will be automatically started. If normal conditions are restored, the AC
pump can be stopped manually from the HMI or from the MCC.
During unit normal shutdown, the AC pump is started under 95% speed and stopped when
flame is lost, at the end of coasting down.
In case of emergency shutdown, AC pump is not operated.

7.3. Description of oil vapour extraction fans logic


The lube oil system is equipped with 2 x 100% A + B oil vapour extraction fan
88QV1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ06-A/B-M)
Prior to starting the GT, the operator selects which of the two fans shall be the duty one.
The duty oil vapour extraction fan is started at flame, after lube oil pump startup, and
continues to operate up to the end of cooldown sequence.
The fan will be started also in case of pressure detected in the lube oil header after
cooldown end.
If conditions as vapour separator header pressure high 96QV-1A/B/C (16-PT-
5413A/B/C) occur, the non-duty fan automatically starts. If normal conditions are
restored, the duty fan can be stopped manually from the HMI or from the MCC according
to the duty/non-duty philosophy.

7.4. Description of VSDS interlocks <5>

Once VSDS motor is started, correct working of the sequence will be verified.
Should unit be running, no stop action be initiated, flame detected in combustion
chambers, speed be under minimum operating level of 95%, and acceleration rate be
minor than 0,05%/sec., the following alarm is announced:
Starting device motor bogged down and trip action initiated.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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7.5. Description of fuel gas scrubbers logic<5>

The fuel gas scrubbers levels are continuously monitored by means of 2 level transmitters
each acting a mean logic .
When the condense level inside the scrubber is above 70% of transmitter range 71GF-1/2
(16-LT-5408A/B) <2> (16-LT-5412A/B) <2>, the MKVI energise the drain valve solenoid
to drain the condense. When the level is below 30% of transmitter range 71GF-1A/2 (16-
LT-5408A/B) <2> (16-LT-5412A/B) <2>, the drain valve is de-energised. If the level
grows above trip level 71GF-1/2 (16-LT-5408A/B) <2> (16-LT-5412A/B) <2>, the
MKVI will generate the relevant alarm and trip the unit. Duty scrubber is selected in field
by means of manual valves.
All controls and trips are active also if the scrubber not in service.

7.6. Description of GT starter system<5>

In order to start the unit for maintenance when load coupling is removed, it will be possible
to select a TEST mode on MKVI HMI. In this mode, the turning gear and the cranking
motor will start the turbine. In this mode, when start is selected, the AC turning gear is
started, as well as the starting motor 88CR (16-MJ01-EL02-M). Once speed is detected, the
AC turning gear motor 88TG-1 (16-MJ01-MJ03-M) is stopped and the torque converter
solenoid 20TU-1 (16-XEV-5426) is energized to lower output torque. The turbine will
accelerate up to crank speed 360 RPM. At the end of warm-up period, the torque converter
solenoid 20TU-1 (16-XEV-5426) is de-energised to raise output torque unless fire mode
is selected: in this case the GT will continue to rotate at warm-up. The fuel is increased to
reach the operating speed of 60%, when the MKVI sends the command to stop the starting
motor 88CR (16-MJ01-E02-M).
Turning gear is also operated during turbine cooldown to avoid shaft bending.
TEST mode is inhibited until cooldown sequence endTurning gear

7.6.1. Turning gear


The system is equipped with one main AC turning gear motor (16-MJ01-MJ03-M)
(88TG-1) and with one emergency DC pump 88TG-2 (16-MJ01-MJ03-A-M).
Turning gear is operated during turbine cooldown. The purpose is to slowly rotate the
turbine shaft during cooldown to avoid shaft bending.
As soon as zero speed is detected after a shutdown, normal or emergency, AC turning
gear is started; the turbine shaft will rotate at few rpm.
At the end of cooldown period, turning gear is stopped.
Should the AC power be not available, or AC motor fail, the sequence is executed with
the DC pump.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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7.6.2. Starting motor

The system consists in one AC motor 88CR (16-MJ01-EL02-M).


The motor will be started when unit is ready to crank, after turning gear has been
operated for turbine shaft break-away if TEST mode is selected as described above.
The motor is stopped when minimum-operating speed is reached.

7.7. Description of VSDS motor jacking oil pumps logic<5>

The generator is equipped with one AC pump 88QS1 (16-MJ01-MJ13-A-M) and one DC
emergency pump 88QS2 (16-MJ01-MJ13-B-M).
Purpose of the pumps is to inject oil in order to lift the helper motor shaft at low shaft
speed.
When lube oil pressure is established after lube oil pump starting, the AC pump is started
The correct pressure is indicated by pressure transmitters 96JO-1/2
(16-PT-5811/13)<2>. If at startup, correct pressure (according to table on SOM5107032 sh
2 - 16-MC-B-32092) is not restored within 3s seconds after pump has started, start sequence
is aborted.
When the right header pressure is restored, permission to continue with starting sequence is
given.
When the gas turbine reaches 16.6% of rating speed during start-up (500 rpm), the pump is
stopped.
AC jacking oil pump is started again during shutdown sequence when shaft speed drops
below 500 rpm, and stopped at the end of cooldown period.
When the motor runs within 0 and 500 rpm, if the condition JACKING OIL PRESSURE
LOW is detected, the DC pump will be automatically started.

7.8. Description of exhaust frame fans<5>

Cooling of the turbine exhaust casing and the exhaust frame is accomplished by two motor
driven centrifugal blowers 88TK1/2 (16-MJ01-MJ07-A/B-M).
Pressure transmitters 96TK-1A/B (16-PT-5428A /B) <2> will be used to check the
performance of the blowers.
The fans will start, with 10 sec. delay each other, when ignition is initiated and under
normal conditions they remain running until, during the stop sequence, the turbine speed
drops below minimum operating speed if flame is not detected in combustion chambers. A
MKVI alarm will indicate that the pressure on fan discharge is too low. If the pressure at
both fans is too low, the gas turbine will be tripped.
In case gas is detected in the inlet filter 16-XS-5713 <2> or fire detected in the enclosure
(16-XS-5705) <2> or Existinguishant is discharged 16-XS-5704 <2>, both fans will be
switched off . Both fans are placed in service for normal operation. Each one is however
capable of providing the necessary amount of air for cooling.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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7.9. Description of control oil system, Turbine IGV & Fuel Gas

Control oil system is the primary protection interface between the turbine control and
protection system and the components on the turbine which admit or shutoff fuel.
Besides the tripping functions, control oil also provides a hydraulic signal to fuel stop
valves and to IGV.
Control oil system operates Turbine axial compressor IGV shutoff valve (XY-5401) 20TV,
in normal operation valve will be closed when GT start from <HMI> achieved .In case of
trip or shutdown valve will be deenergised and opened.
Control oil system operates on Fuel gas shutoff valve (XY-5402) 20FG, in normal
operation valve will be closed when GT start condition from <HMI> achieved .In case of
trip or shutdown valve will be deenergised and opened.
Control logic verifies the oil pressure to be always at optimal level: median will be selected
and trip is initiated on the basis of the status of the three 96HG-1A/B/C (16-PT-
5418A/B/C) pressure transmitters.

The Turbine Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV) modulates during the acceleration of the gas turbine
to rated speed, loading and unloading, and deceleration of the gas turbine. This IGV
modulation, maintain proper combustion air flow and pressures. During start-up, the IGV
are held fully closed by acting on 90TV (16-XY-5403) actuator and verifying the position
by means of 96TV1-2 (16-ZT-5401A/B) LVDTs. During startup, the vanes will modulate
open, as the unit is loaded the inlet guide vanes will go to the full open position.
When full open condition of LVDT is detected, simultaneously GT is running with full
speed and with selected load, deviation of over 3% of expected position of LVDTs an
alarm will be generated and deviation of over 5% of expected position trip will be initiated.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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8. WATER WASH
A water-wash system is provided to remove contaminants that accumulate in the
compressor, resulting in a loss of performance.
Technique associated with a working water-wash system that maintains compressor
efficiency is very much dependent on site conditions.
The system is suitable to operate the following washing:
ON-LINE: when the gas turbine is full load;
OFF-LINE: when the gas turbine in crank speed.
The operator can also choose to execute a FULL washing sequence with chemical or
WATER ONLY.

8.1. Description of the Water Wash Sequence ON LINE Sequence

1) The operator selects ON LINE, and press the START pushbutton. Sequence is prevented
to run if ON LINE WASHING PERMISSIVE is not granted by MarkVI. Then the
operator can choose if proceed with full washing (default selection) or select WATER
ONLY.
In case of any abort condition, the operator has to press MASTER RESET pushbutton
and re-select the ON LINE water wash function. If sequence can proceed, timers 1 and 2
are reset.
Jump to step 1o) if WATER ONLY is selected.
1a) Solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is energized to start tank water filling.
1b) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is energized for tank venting.
1c) As soon as LSL -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is de-
energized; should the level be not made within 10 minutes, a WATER FILLING FAILURE
alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
1d) blank
1e) Chemical drum pump MJ09-M (88TW-1) is started, to fill the tank with detergent.
1f) As soon as LSH -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, chemical drum pump MJ09-M
(88TW-1) is stopped; should the level be not made within 2 minutes or chemical drum
pump running feedback be not logged within 5 seconds, or detergent header pressure PSL-
5481 (63WW-2) be not restored within 5 seconds, a CHEMICAL PUMP FAILURE alarm
is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
1g) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is de-energized for tank pressurization.
1h) Solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-8) is energized for tank pressurization.
1i) Whenever PSH -5476 (63WW-1) pressure is made, the system is ready for injection;
should the pressure be not restored within 2 minutes, a TANK PRESSURIZATION
FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
1j) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5427 (20TW-1) is energized for washing solution injection.
Sequence is prevented to be initiated whenever relevant ON LINE PERMISSIVE is not
active. Timer 1 counts during solenoid operation.
1k) ON LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is flagged on HMI display.
1l) As soon as LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) low level is reached, solenoid XY -5430 (20TW-7)
is de-energized for tank de-pressurization. Should low-level LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) be not
reached within 5 minutes, a INJECTION PRESSURE FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI
display and washing sequence is aborted.
1m) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5427 (20TW-1) is de-energized.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
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1n) ON LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is deactivated.

Sequence is completed if CHEMICAL ONLY is selected


Sequence starts here if WATER ONLY is selected
1o) Solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is energized to start tank water filling.
1p) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is energized for tank venting.
1q) As soon as LSL -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is de-
energized; should the level be not made within 10 minutes, a WATER FILLING FAILURE
alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
1r) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is de-energized for tank pressurization.
1s) Solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-8) is energized for tank pressurization.
1t) Whenever PSH -5476 (63WW-1) pressure is made, the system is ready for injection;
should the pressure be not restored within 2 minutes, a TANK PRESSURIZATION
FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
1u) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5427 (20TW-1) is energized for washing solution injection.
Sequence is prevented to be initiated whenever relevant ON LINE PERMISSIVE is not
active. Timer 2 counts during solenoid operation.
1v) ON LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is flagged on HMI display.
1x) As soon as LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) low level is reached, solenoid XY -5430 (20TW-7)
is de-energized for tank de-pressurization. Should low-level LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) be not
reached within 5 minutes, a INJECTION PRESSURE FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI
display and washing sequence is aborted.
1y) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5427 (20TW-1) is de-energized.
1z) ON LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is deactivated.

8.2. Description of the Water Wash Sequence OFF LINE Sequence

2a) The operator selects OFF LINE, and press the START pushbutton. Sequence is
prevented to run if OFF LINE WASHING PERMISSIVE is not granted by MarkVI. Then
the operator can choose if proceed with full washing (default selection) or select WATER
ONLY.
In case of any abort condition, the operator has to press MASTER RESET pushbutton
and re-select the OFF LINE water wash function.
Jump to step 2r) if WATER ONLY is selected
2b) Solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is energized to start tank water filling.
2c) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is energized for tank venting.
2d) As soon as LSL -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is de-
energized; should the level be not made within 10 minutes, a WATER FILLING FAILURE
alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2e) Chemical drum pump MJ09-M (88TW-1) is started, to fill the tank with detergent.
2f) As soon as LSH -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, chemical drum pump MJ09-M
(88TW-1) is stopped; should the level be not made within 2 minutes or chemical drum
pump running feedback be not logged within 5 seconds, or detergent header pressure PSL -
5481 (63WW-2) be not restored within 5 seconds, a CHEMICAL PUMP FAILURE alarm
is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2g) Water wash tank heater EL-05 (23TW-1) is turned on for solution heating.
2h) As soon as tank required temperature is reached, Water wash tank heater EL-05
(23TW-1) is turned off: should the temperature be not reached within 15 minutes or electric
heater on feedback be not logged within 5 seconds, a TANK HEATER FAILURE alarm is
flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2i) Solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-8) is energized for tank pressurization.
5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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2j) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is de-energized for tank pressurization.


2k) Whenever PSH -5476 (63WW-1) pressure is made, the system is ready for injection;
should the pressure be not restored within 2 minutes, a TANK PRESSURIZATION
FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2l) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5428 (20TW-3) is energized for washing solution injection;
sequence is prevented to be initiated whenever relevant OFF LINE PERMISSIVE is not
active. Timer 3 counts during solenoid operation.
2m) OFF LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is flagged on HMI display.
2n) As soon as LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) low level is reached, solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-8)
is de-energized for tank de-pressurization. Should low-level LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) be not
reached within 5 minutes, a INJECTION PRESSURE FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI
display and washing sequence is aborted.
2o) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5428 (20TW-3) is de-energized.
2p) OFF LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is deactivated.

Sequence is completed if CHEMICAL ONLY is selected


2q) 20 minutes soaking time is allowed.

Sequence starts here if WATER ONLY is selected


2r) Solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is energized to start tank water filling.
2s) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is energized for tank venting.
2t) As soon as LSL -5415 (71WW-1) level is made, solenoid XY -5432 (20TW-6) is de-
energized; should the level be not made within 10 minutes, a WATER FILLING FAILURE
alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2u) Water wash tank heater EL-05 (23TW-1) is turned on for water heating.
2v) As soon as tank 65C temperature is reached, water wash tank heater EL-05 (23TW-1)
is turned off: should the temperature be not reached within 15 minutes or electric heater on
feedback be not logged within 5 seconds, a TANK HEATER FAILURE alarm is flagged
on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2x) Solenoid XY -5429 (20TW-5) is de-energized for tank pressurization.
2y) Solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-8) is energized for tank pressurization.
2z) Whenever PSH -5476 (63WW-1) pressure is made, the system is ready for injection;
should the pressure be not restored within 2 minutes, a TANK PRESSURIZATION
FAILURE alarm is flagged on HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2za) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5428 (20TW-3) is energized for washing solution injection;
sequence is prevented to be initiated whenever relevant OFF LINE PERMISSIVE is not
active. Timer 4 counts during solenoid operation.
2zb) OFF LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is flagged on HMI display.
2zc) As soon as LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) low level is reached, solenoid XY -5431 (20TW-
8) is de-energized for tank de-pressurization. Should low-level LSLL -5415 (71WW-1) be
not reached within 5 minutes, a INJECTION PRESSURE FAILURE alarm is flagged on
HMI display and washing sequence is aborted.
2zd) Solenoid outlet valve XY -5428 (20TW-3) is de-energized.
2ze) OFF LINE WASHING ACTIVATED signal is deactivated.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

4 Added flow chart sequences


3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
2 Revised where shown <2> LINGUA-LANG. PAGINA-SHEET
REV DESCRIZIONE - DESCRIPTION
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9. LOSS OF AC POWER

9.1. Loss of AC power during unit running

In case of AC driven equipment unavailability loss whilst unit is running, an alarm is


flagged. Vital systems such as lube oil or hydraulic oil are maintained by mechanical
pumps. Should the AC power not be restored by AC emergency generator before shutdown
conditions (e.g. high enclosure temperature), the unit is tripped.
Should AC power not be restored before 95% speed, to ensure lubrication DC lube oil
pump 88QE (16-MJ01-MJ01-B-M) comes in operation.
Whenever AC power is restored, required AC pumps are requested to re-start start and
emergency lube oil pump is stopped.

9.2. Loss of AC power during coast-down

In case of AC driven equipment unavailability during coast-down, an alarm is flagged. To


ensure lubrication, DC lube oil pump 88QE (16-MJ01-MJ01-B-M) comes in operation due
to low lube oil header pressure 96QL-1 (16-PT-5403). Should the AC power loss occur
when jacking oil system is operating, the DC pump (16-MJ01-MJ13-B-M) enters in
operation.
Whenever AC power is restored, required AC pumps are requested to re-start and
emergency lube oil pump is stopped.

9.3. Loss of AC power during turning gear operation

DC turning gear 88TG-2 (16-MJ01-MJ03-A-M) is called in operation to continue slowly


rotate the GT shaft. Whenever AC power is restored, AC motor is requested to re-start and
emergency DC turning gear Motor is stopped.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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10. COOLING AND SEALING AIR


To seal the turbine bearings and to cool the internal parts of the turbine air is extracted from
several stages of the GT axial flow compressor and there are no active controls in this circuit.

11. AIR BLEED GT AXIAL COMPRESSOR


In order to prevent GT axial compressor stall when the unit is running below operating speed eleventh
stage extraction air will be released to atmosphere through two extraction pneumatic valves
(VA2-1/2). The air supply (compressor discharge air) to these valves is controlled by solenoid
valve 20CB-1 (16-XY-5405) and the position of these valves is indicated by the limit switches
33CB-1,2 (16-ZXC-5405A/B). These switches will close at the full open position of the valves.
The solenoid valve 20CB-1 (16-XY-5405) will be energised to close the bleed valve when the
following requirements are met:
Turbine is running above minimum operating speed (95% of the speed).
No trip condition exists.
Flame temperature is not low.
If the valves do not close within few seconds after energising the solenoid 20CB-1 (16-XY-
5405) a position trouble alarm will be activated. This alarm will be locked and a master reset is
required to reset the bleed valve position trouble alarm.
When the speed drops below minimum operating setting, the bleed valves are opened to prevent
turbine stall. If the valve do not open within few seconds after de-energising, the solenoid
20CB-1, (16-XY-5405) a position trouble alarm will be activated and the turbine goes through
an emergency shut down sequence.

12. SEAL GAS SYSTEM OF LP/MP-MR COMPRESSORS 16-


MJ01/MJ02 <5>
The dry gas seal system, relevant to the tandem type, is composed of 3 different parts: the 1st
has the scope to inject filtered buffer gas to the seals, the 2nd is to monitor the gas leakage and
the good working of the seals, the 3rd has the scope to inject a purge gas (air or N2) for a sure
separation between the seals area and the lube oil area.

12.1. Filtered gas supply (buffer gas)

Seal buffer gas source during startup and shutdown comes from an external source, during normal
operation comes from MP-MR compressor 16-MJ02 discharge, and is filtered by a special compact
design double filter. A differential pressure control valve controls filtered buffer gas in order to have
a constant flow injection on both seals at each sides of the compressor. This ensures that gas seals to
work with filtered gas only.
The external buffer gas 16-XV-5801 is a failure open valve, during unit startup the solenoid valve
16-XY-5801 is de-energized open. When the unit reach the minimum operating speed 95%, the
solenoid valve is automatically energized closed. During shutdown (normal or emergency), when
the unit will be below the minimum operating speed 94%, the solenoid is automatically de-energized
open.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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3 Revised where shown <3> N. SOM 6701607/4
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12.2. Seals leakage monitoring (primary vent)

The gas leakage passing through the primary seals are connected by piping to an orifice each side
16-HV-5601/2 and 16-RO-5818/9 (MP-MR compressor) followed by 16-PCV-5819/20, tuned to
maintain a positive differential pressure with normal leakage and under normal operating condition.
The adjustable orifice for LP-MR compressor only, have to be adjust during first startup on way to
have positive differential pressure at 16-PDT-5610A/B/C and 16-PDT-5611A/B/C on primary
seals. This differential pressure across the orifices is needed in order to have a certain flow passing
through the secondary seals and gauges to indicate it. Downstream each orifice flow indicating
transmitters 16-FIT-5612/13 for 16-MJ-01 and 16-FIT-5816/17 for 16-MJ-02 are installed.
Downstream, the primary vent lines are connected to a header towards the flare. Should an high the
flare back pressure be detected (16-PT-5824), vent is switched to atmosphere, by means of a
solenoid operated valve 16-XY-5824.
In case of a primary seal leakage, an alarm is activated on control system on the basis of the flow
transmitter signal. In the case of big damage a high pressure shutdown signal is activated by
transmitters installed across/upstream the orifices (16-PDT-5610A/B/C 5611A/B/C for 16-MJ-01
and 16-PT-5817A/B/C - 5818A/B/C for 16-MJ-02).
The secondary vent lines are connected to an atmosphere vent on safe location, directly from the
compressor connections.
The monitoring of the secondary seals condition is carried out with the same flow transmitters of
the primary vent lines. If a low flow alarm is flagged, this meaning that the relevant secondary seal
leakage is increased too much & also a Compressor Seal vent High flow alarm is also Indicated

12.3. Air or nitrogen injection (purge gas)

Nitrogen is injected as separation gas taken from the plant network. Mechanical separation is
performed by N2 filters.
Filter condition is monitored by a differential pressure transmitter.
Separation gas flow is controlled by restriction orifices and injected on both sides of compressor.
The separation gas injection is controlled by a pressure transmitters 16-PT-5609A/B/C, where a low
pressure condition generate an alarm and auxiliary lube oil pump inhibit to start (during a startup
phase, only alarm on normal operation) and trip for very low pressure.

5 Revised where shown <5> ITEM

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13. FIRE & GAS PROTECTION SYSTEM


Each of the three <1>-enclosure compartments (accessory, turbine, coupling) is protected against fire.
All air outlets are also equipped with gas leakage detectors, also provided in turbine
compartment and in air intake filters.

13.1. Fire detection / extinguishing

Each compartment is equipped with one or two groups of three heat raise detectors,
working with 1ooN <1> logic. Fire Trip condition shall be generated from output of F&G
system (45FTT<1>). The compartments are also equipped with a parallel fire detection
system based on UV and UV-IR detectors also working in 2oo3 voting logic. A Fire trip
signal shall be generated to TCP from F&G system through the relay card if one of the
detectors in one area is activated.
Fire trip condition will determine the following events:
- Turbine shutdown with vent activated.
- Ventilation cutout
- Activation of relays relevant to outputs:
XA-1 FIRE LAMP (16-XL-5440) on GT skid <1>
XA-2 FIRE LAMP (16-XL-5439) on GT skid <1>
XL-1 ELECTRIC FIRE HORN (16-XA-5440) on GT skid <1>
XL-2 ELECTRIC FIRE HORN (16-XA-5439) on GT skid <1>
FIRE DETECTION RED DISCHARGING LAMPS on panel <1>
- CO2 discharge solenoids activation:
45CR-1A/3A (16-XEV -5442 A/B) <1> Enclosure Initial Discharging Solenoids
45CR-1B/3B (16-XEV -5443 A/B) <1> Enclosure Extended Discharging Solenoids
45CR-2A/4A (16-XEV -5444 A/B) <1> Bearing #3 Tunnel Extended Discharging
Solenoids

Following signals are also entering the fire detection/protection logic:


45CP-1A CO2 Initial Discharge Line Pressure (16-PSH-4506)
45CP-1B CO2 Extended Discharge Line Pressure (16-PSH-4507)
45CP-2A CO2 Bearing #3 Extended Discharge Line Pressure (16-PSH-4508)

Fire detection system AUTO/INHIB switches 16-HS-5433A-8A) are provided in field;


should one selector be moved to INHIB position, the energization of discharge solenoids in
case of fire will be inhibited. All other functions will remain active.

Fire Detection Red Discharging Lamps (16-XL-5433C-8C) are turned on.

Note: There are 6 CO2 status panels on turbine skid <1>

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13.2. Gas detection

Six gas detection spots are equipped with groups of three gas detectors working in Median
and 1oo3 logics; alarm will be initiated in F&G system upon 1oo3 sensors detects gas, and
trip shall be activated when median of values are implemented.
Alarm is generated if gas level overcomes 5% of L.E.L:, while turbine trip occurs if the
level overcomes 10 % of L.E.L.
In case of trip for gas detected in air intake filter 45HF 1/2/3 (16-CGD-5407A/B/C)<1>,
ventilation is cut-out, while in case of gas detected alarm within turbine enclosure or in the
ventilation outlets, auxiliary ventilation fan (88BA1/2)
(16-MJ01-MJ08-A-M) <1> is started.

14. PROCESS COMPRESSORS ANTISURGE SYSTEM


The compressor surge control panel contains redundant CCC surge controllers for each of the
LP, MP and HP compressor stages. HP stage is installed on PR train shaft and thus not herewith
described.
The outputs of the surge controllers operate anti-surge valves for each stage to prevent
compressor surge.
Each antisurge controller is also provided with an integrated surge detector. For MR MP and
HP compressors, the detection of the first surge will cause the opening of the relevant antisurge
valve in order to shift the operating point to safe condition, by reducing stage pressure
ratio/process resistance. In case surge detected, the antisurge controller will trip the MR train via
MKVI and the antisurge valves will be fully opened. For MR LP (axial) compressor, the
antisurge system will trip the MR via MKVI at the first surge detection and the antisurge valves
will be fully opened.

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15. LP MR COMPRESSOR GUIDE VANE CONTROL


The hydraulic actuation of Inlet Guide Vanes (IGV) of AN200 axial compressor is achieved by means
of the pilot solenoid valve 16-XV-5603 (20PGV) <1> and the triple-coils electro-hydraulic servo valve
16-XV-5602 (90PGV) <1>. The pilot valve enables the actuation so that:
-When energized, the servo valve is enabled to control the position of IGV actuator.
-When de-energized, the IGV are driven to fail safe position (IGV closed).

The high-pressure source is provided by the gas turbine hydraulic oil circuit.

IGV position is measured by the double RVDT (Rotary Variable Differential Transformer) 16-ZT-
5602A/B (96PGV1/2).

15.1. Pilot valve auto control


During start-up sequence, the pilot valve 16-XV-5603 (20PGV) is energized as soon as master
protective signal L4 picks up.

When pilot is de-energized, servo valve command follows the feedback position from RVDT 16-ZT-
5602A/B (96PGV1/2). , So that at pilot re-energization the command to servo starts with the actual
position without bumps.

During normal operation the pilot valve is de-energized in case of servo positioning failure, detected by
IGV not following L86PGVA (see IGV Actuation healthy), and at the same time one of following fast
acting IGV closure is requested:
- Underspeed detected L14PUS
- Process IGV close request L4PGV_EXT.

During stop or trip sequence, 20PGV is de-energized after L4 drops down when one of the following
conditions is verified:
- IGV are completely closed (position reached under servovalve control).
- If the timer LK3PGVF5 has elapsed after L4 dropped down and the IGV are not completely
closed.
- Immediately in case of IGV actuation system failure (L86PGVA).

15.2. Pilot valve manual control


If the manual control L43PGVP_CMD is selected on HMI, the pilot valve can be manually operated by
acting on the following push buttons:
L5PGVP_O_CPB pilot valve open push button
L5PGVP_C_CPB pilot valve close push button

In case of manual operation, alarm L43PGVP_ALM is generated.

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15.3. IGV servo control

IGV servovalve 16-XV-5602 (90PGV) <1>. is enabled to operate when pilot valve 16-XV-5603
(20PGV) <1> is energized. If pilot is not energized, the IGV position demand tracks the feedback
(A33PGV_FBK).

During normal operation (L3), the IGV set point is given on the basis of the position of the
REMOTE/LOCAL selector on HMI:
- In case of REMOTE control selected, the IGV position is controlled by the signal from DCS/ESD
16-XS-5741 (a33pgv_in), where 4mA is the complete IGV closure (-35degA) and 20mA is the
complete IGV open position (+10degA). The signal a33pgv_in is validated and, if detected out of
range, its current value is discarded, the last validated value is used and the alarm
L86PGVR_ALM is generated. The demand from DCS is rate limited by 1.125 degA/s.
- In case of LOCAL control selected, alarm L43PGVL_ALM is generated and the IGV position is
controlled by the following pushbuttons, with a rate of K33PGV_LRATE (1.125 degA/s):

-L5PGV_FO_CPB Fully OPEN pushbutton. This open command is latched and command
is reset at complete GV open position or by the STOP pushbutton
-L5PGV_O_CPB OPEN pushbutton
-L5PGV_S_CPB STOP pushbutton
-L5PGV_C_CPB CLOSE pushbutton
-L5PGV_FC_CPB Fully CLOSE pushbutton. This close command is latched and
command is reset at complete GV close position or by the STOP
pushbutton

During normal operation (L3), the LOCAL control can be active for a maximum time of one hour. Then
the selector is automatically repositioned to REMOTE.

15.4. IGV DCS/ESD control override


IGV position remote setpoint is overridden if one of the following conditions is verified:
- During train start-up sequence (IGV position maintained to complete closure).
- In case of LOCAL control.
- In case of underspeed logic activated (L14PUS) (see below).
- In case of process closure request (L4PGV_EXT) (see below).
- In case of AN200 flow beyond operating envelope (see antichoke paragraph).
- At shutdown or trip (~L3) to drive the VSV to complete closure by servovalve with an adjustable
rate.

15.5. Underspeed avoidance logic


In normal operation (L3), the underspeed logic is enabled. This logic allows the reduction of power
absorbed by the AN200 compressor, by closing the IGV, to avoid Frame 7 underspeed trip set at 94%.
If the train speed TNH falls below 97.5%, then the IGV are closed at highest rate (1.665degA/s) until
the speed is recovered above 98.5%. During this auto-closing condition (L14PUS), tracking signal
l33pgv_trk picks up as described above and the alarm L14PUS_ALM is generated. It is

important that DCS tracks the IGV position feedback a33pgv_dcs to avoid opening again theIGV once
the speed is recovered with the risk to decelerate again.

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In case of IGV not following condition (L86PGVA) if underspeed is detected, the pilot valve is de-
energized to close completely the IGV.

15.6. IGV closing request from process


A cumulative IGV closing request generated from process condition is linked to the IGV control logic
through a logic signal L4PGV_EXT. Typically this request is activated when one of the following
conditions is verified:
-Electric helper motor trip (to anticipate the underspeed closing command).
- PR machine Stop or Trip (MKVI receive a signal from PR MKVI panel (L3PRSTP) and
activates the 16-XZ-5603 IGV close signal to IGV.
This command is automatically reset after 120sec, to allow the operator to reload the process
by opening back the IGVs. Torque setpoint to VSDS is forced to zero value. Once IGVs are
closed, condition is communicated to PR MKVI. <1>

When the process request to close IGV is active, the alarm L4PGV_ALM is generated.
In case of IGV not following condition (L86PGVA), the process IGV close request L4PGV_EXT de-
energizes pilot valve energized to close completely the IGV.

15.7. TEST mode


TEST mode allows to manually adjust the IGV positions through the HMI pushbutton. TEST mode can
be activated on HMI if the unit is stopped (train shaft speed is zero). When TEST mode is selected, pilot
valve is energized and alarm L43PGVT_ALM is generated.

When the starting sequence is activated (L1X), the TEST mode is automatically disabled.

15.8. IGV actuation healthy


Healthy of IGV servo actuation is continuously monitored by the following logics:
-IGV not following (L86PGVA): when high deviation between AN200 IGV position from RVDT
feedback and IGV position demand is detected, the alarm L86PGVA_ALM is generated. In this case the
controller continues to provide current to the servo valve to attempt to recover the requested position.
-Loss of feedback (L3PGVF1): when the position from RVDT is lower than the mechanical minimum
stroke, the alarm L3PGVF1_ALM is generated.
-GV not closed (L3PGVF2): the position from RVDT feedback is checked against closure condition
before and during startup. If not closed the alarm L3PGVF2_ALM is generated.

All above alarms are latched and require a master reset to reset them when alarm conditions disappear.

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15.9. Interaction with other sequences <1>


Following signals will be present in the specified sequence:

IGV not following (L86PGVA) Ready to Start


Loss of feedback (L3PGVF1) Ready to Start
IGV not closed (L3PGVF2) Ready to Start/Ready to crank
Hydraulic oil request (L2PGV_HQ) Hydraulic Oil pump module

In case of standard hydraulic sequencing, the request L2PGV_HQ has to be linked to L2PHQ (Process
hydraulic oil request) to activate hydraulic pump during the Gas turbine coast-down.

The following signals must be built externally to the IGV control module:
- L4PGV_EXT IGV close request from process
- Tracking logic in DCS/ESD: The DCS/ESD must implement a tracking logic so that when l33pgv_trk
logic picks up, the DCS/ESD output a33pgv_in will follow (without any rate limiter) the GV feedback
a33pgv_out.<2> When the HIC set point from DCS is not acceptable (IGV position out of range), Mark
VI override this command activating tracking logic (AN/IGV tracking command will be sent to DCS,
DCS will update HIC set point using AN/IGV position feedback from Mark VI). <2>

In case one of following alarms are present, can be reset from HMI interface (via MASTER RESET
pushbutton) or from DCS/ESD by serial link (IGV fault reset) signal 16-XS5573H <3>, once the
normal conditions are restored:
- IGV not following (L86PGVA / 16-XS-5577B)
- Loss of feedback (L3PGVF1 / 16-XS-5577C)
- IGV not closed (L3PGVF2 / 16-XS-5577D)

The following signals will be exchanged with DCS/ESD <2><3>

JOB TAG GE TAG description direction Link Type Unit Range Used for
16-XS-5577A L43pgv_loc AN IGV M6-->DCS Modbus Bool Indication
selector serial link for IGV
remote selector
position position
16-XS-5741 a33pgv_in AN IGV DCS-->M6 Modbus Float degA -35 10 IGV position
<3> position serial link demand
remote from DCS
command
16-XS-5742 a33pgv_out AN IGV M6-->DCS Modbus Float degA -35 10 DCS
16-ZI-5602 position serial link Tracking
feedback
16-XS-5743 l33pgv_trk AN IGV M6-->DCS Modbus Bool DCS
tracking serial link Tracking
command
16-UZSC-0032 16-UZSC- Bleed valve ESD-->M6 wired Bool Bleed valve
0032 AN200 check for
closed Mark VI
16-UZSO-0032 16-UZSO- Bleed valve ESD-->M6 wired Bool Bleed valve
0032 AN200 check for
opened Mark VI
16-UEV-0032 16-UEV- Mark VI M6-->ESD wired Bool Mark VI
0032 command to open/close
AN200 command
bleed valve for AN200
Bleed valve

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16. AN200 Antichoke


The present paragraph describes protection functions included in Mark*VI to align control software to
AN200 Operating Envelope requirements (NIC7.33).

16.1. General Features

The operating safe area of AN200 axial compressor is delimited by following lines:
-Surge limit line (SLL)
-Choke limit line (CLL)
-Minimum corrected speed line (MCSL)
-S3 maximum vibration line (MVL)
-Maximum flow line (MFL)
-Inlet density maximum value.

All the operative limits above, except for the MFL line, are dependent on IGV position. AN200 axial
compressor must operate inside the boundary defined by all the limits above, called Operating
Envelope. Operating Envelope document included in NIC 7.33 contains the description of all operative
limits listed above.

Surge Lines
Reduced Head

in Max Flow
m
n

SURGE AREA V_
mi

IG
V_
IG

CHOKE AREA
Max Vib. Lines

Choke lines
Min Corrected Speed

A
E A RE
C HO K
Corrected Flow (kg/s)

Figure 2 Operating Envelope

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16.2. Anti-choke manual/automatic corrective action


When near to choke (L33AC_ALM), operator shall avoid to open more IGV. If possible, a corrected
mass flow reduction strategy (increase of suction temperature/decrease of gas molar mass) shall be
operated.

Automatic corrective action on IGV is provided by Mark*VI antichoke module, if following conditions
are all verified:

- ANTICHOKE is selected by operator on HMI dedicated page.

- Each field point of measurement required to calculate operative point is healthy.

- IGV actuation system healthy

- Driver normal operation (L3)

When choke is detected and all conditions above verified, antichoke control will override GV remote
demand until safe operation is recovered as schematically depicted in figure 4. In case of antichoke
override, alarm L4AC_ALM is generated.

FCV
90CIGV

ZT ZT
96CIGV-1 96CIGV-2

a33pgv_in IGV
DCS
control

Anti-Choke

Mark*VI
Figure 4 Antichoke IGV override function

If ANTICHOKE is not selected, the control system continues to provide choke monitoring without
any corrective action on GV. So, in case of choke alarm, the operator shall manually recover safe
operation acting on AS valve and/or on IGV position.

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17. LP MR COMPRESSOR VALVES

17.1. Bleed valve control

In case of Compressor shutdown, the axial Compressor bleed valve 16-UV-0032 <2> will
be open immediately by a signal from MKVI to DCS/ESD. During compressor start-up, the
bleed valve will be closed by MKVI at 95 % of the rated speed .If the bleed valve opens
during unit running an emergency trip sequence will be activated from ESD.<3>

18. MCHE Trip <3>

When a MCHE trip signal is received from ESD (16-XS-5740), the MR train will be set in full
recycle status, setting relevant antisurge valves controllers in stop condition. Moreover, if MCHE
trip occurs from ESD, MR Mark VI controller communicates to PR controller the unload request.
The effect of MCHE trip (16-XS-5740) shall be the full recycle condition for MR train and unload
condition for PR train.

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