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710D Backhoe Loader


Operation and Test

TECHNICAL MANUAL
710D Backhoe Loader
Operation and Test
TM1537 26FEB02 (ENGLISH)

For complete service information also see:


710D Backhoe Loader Operation
and Test (Complete) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TM1537
710D Backhoe Loader Repair (Complete) . . TM1538
Radial Piston Pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM7
6059 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM8
Engine Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM11
OEM Engine Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM67
Alternators and Starting Motors . . . . . . . . . . CTM77
6068 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM104

!TM1537__26FEB02!
1200 Series Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CTM43

Worldwide Construction
And Forestry Division
LITHO IN U.S.A.
Introduction
Foreword

This manual is written for an experienced technician. See DB1990 Service Publications Catalog to order a
Essential tools required in performing certain service complete Technical Manual (TM) or a Technical
work are identified in this manual and are Manual Section (TMS). A complete Operation and Test
recommended for use. manual includes the following sections:

Live with safety: Read the safety messages in the 1. 9000


introduction of this manual and the cautions presented
throughout the text of the manual. Section 9000 General Information

2. 9005
This is the safety-alert symbol. When you see this
symbol on the machine or in this manual, be alert to
Section 9005 Operational Checkout Procedure
the potential for personal injury.
3. 9010
Technical manuals are divided in two parts: repair and
operation and tests. Repair sections tell how to repair
Section 9010 Engine
the components. Operation and tests sections help you
identify the majority of routine failures quickly.
4. 9015
Information is organized in groups for the various
Section 9015 Electrical System
components requiring service instruction. At the
beginning of each group are summary listings of all
5. 9020
applicable essential tools, service equipment and tools,
other materials needed to do the job, service parts kits,
Section 9020 Power Train
specifications, wear tolerances, and torque values.
6. 9025
Technical Manuals are concise guides for specific
machines. They are on-the-job guides containing only
Section 9025 Hydraulic System
the vital information needed for diagnosis, analysis,
testing, and repair.
7. 9031
Fundamental service information is available from
Section 9031 Heating and Air Conditioning
other sources covering basic theory of operation,
fundamentals of troubleshooting, general maintenance,
and basic type of failures and their causes.

TX,710D00 1925FEB021/1

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Introduction

John Deere Dealers

IMPORTANT: Please remove this page and route


through your service department.

Listed below is a brief explanation of WHAT was change


and WHY it was changed.

1. Section 9000:
To include any specifications, oil capacity and safety
concerns for new rear axle, transmission, charge
pump, park brake, and service brake valve.
2. Section 9005:
To add operational checks for new transmission, park
brake, differential lock, and service brake valve.
3. Section 9010:
To include miscellaneous updates and update serial
numbers.
4. Section 9015:
To include information for new engine, front console,
and side console harnesses. To add new tachometer
and low brake pressure warning system.
5. Section 9020:
To add information for new transmission and rear axle.
For machines (S.N. 872257 ), information on the
park brake and differential lock will now be provided in
this section.
6. Section 9025:
To make required changes because of new charge
pump located on the rear of the transmission. To
change plumbing and schematics required by the
removal of the park brake/differential lock valve. To
add information on the new service brake valve.
7. Section 9031:
To improve format and add information on new side
console harness.
8. ..

CED,TX03399,4247 1912JUN981/1

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Introduction

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Introduction

Help!! Help!! Help!! Help!!

We need your help to continually improve our technical


publications. Please FAX or mail your comments, ideas
and improvements on this comment sheet.

SEND TO: John Deere Dubuque Works


P.O. Box 538
Dubuque, Iowa 52004-0538
Dept. 304
Attn: Publications Supervisor

FAX NUMBER: 319-589-5800

TM1537 710D Backhoe Loader Operation and Test Manual


Ideas, Comments, (Please state Page Number):
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OVERALL, how would you rate the quality of "ALL" Installation Instructions provided to you? (Check one)
Poor Fair Good Very Good Excellent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Company Name
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FAX No.
Dealer Acct. No.

THANK YOU!

TX,HELP,153715 1916SEP961/1

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Introduction

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Contents
9000
SECTION 9000General Information Group 20Adjustments
Group 01Safety Information Group 25Test
Group 02General Specifications
Group 03Torque Values
Group 04Fuels and Lubricants
9005

SECTION 9005Operational Checkout Procedure


Group 10Operational Checkout Procedure

SECTION 9010Engine
Group 05Theory of Operation 9010
Group 15System Diagnostic Information
Group 20Adjustments
Group 25Tests

SECTION 9015Electrical System 9015


Group 05System Information
Group 10ASystem Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
Group 10BSystem Diagrams (S.N. 872257 )
Group 15ASub-System Diagnostics (S.N.
872256)
Group 15BSub-System Diagnostics (S.N. 9020
872257 )
Group 20References

SECTION 9020Power Train


Group 05ATheory of Operation (S.N. 872256) 9025
Group 05BTheory of Operation (S.N. 872257 )
Group 15ASystem Diagnostic Information (S.N.
872256)
Group 15BSystem Diagnostic Information (S.N.
872257 )
9031
Group 20Adjustments
Group 25ATests (S.N. 872256)
Group 25BTests (S.N. 872257 )

SECTION 9025Hydraulic System


Group 05Theory of Operation INDX
Group 15Diagnostic Information
Group 20Adjustments
Group 25Tests

SECTION 9031Heating and Air Conditioning


Group 05Theory of Operation
Group 15Diagnostic Information

All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on


the latest information available at the time of publication. The right is
reserved to make changes at any time without notice.
COPYRIGHT 2002
DEERE & COMPANY
Moline, Illinois
All rights reserved
A John Deere ILLUSTRUCTION Manual
Previous Editions
Copyright 1993, 1997, 1998

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Contents

9000

9005

9010

9015

9020

9025

9031

INDX

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9000

Section 9000
General Information
Contents

Page Page

Group 01Safety Information 710D Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-1


Handle Fluids SafelyAvoid Fires . . . . . . . .9000-01-1 ROPS Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-2
Prevent Battery Explosions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-1 Checking Wheel Fastener Torque . . . . . . . . .9000-03-3
Prepare for Emergencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-1 Unified Inch Bolt and Cap Screw Torque
Prevent Acid Burns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-2 Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-4
Handle Chemical Products Safely . . . . . . . . .9000-01-3 Metric Bolt and Cap Screw Torque
Avoid High-Pressure Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-3 Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-5
Park Machine Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-4 Additional Metric Cap Screw Torque
Support Machine Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-4 Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-6
Wear Protective Clothing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-4 Check Oil Lines And Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-8
Work in Clean Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-5 Service Recommendations for 37 Flare
Service Machines Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-5 and 30 Cone Seat Connectors . . . . . . . . .9000-03-9
Work In Ventilated Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-5 Service Recommendations for O-Ring
Illuminate Work Area Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-5 Boss Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-10
Replace Safety Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-6 Service Recommendations for Flat Face
Use Proper Lifting Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-6 O-Ring Seal Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-12
Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating . . .9000-01-6 Service Recommendations For Inch
Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Series Four Bolt Flange Fittings. . . . . . . .9000-03-13
Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-7 Service Recommendations for Metric
Keep ROPS Installed Properly . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-7 Series Four Bolt Flange Fitting . . . . . . . .9000-03-14
Service Tires Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-8
Avoid Harmful Asbestos Dust . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-8 Group 04Fuels and Lubricants
Practice Safe Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-9 Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-1
Use Proper Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-9 Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-1
Dispose of Waste Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-10 Do Not Use Galvanized Containers. . . . . . . .9000-04-2
Live With Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-01-10 Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-2
Diesel Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-3
Group 02General Specifications Transmission Oil, Hydraulic System Oil and
710D Backhoe Loader Specifications . . . . . .9000-02-2 Differential Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-4
710D Backhoe Loader Dimensions . . . . . . . .9000-02-3 Mechanical Front Wheel Drive Oil . . . . . . . . .9000-04-5
710D Backhoe Loader Engine Specifications Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-6
(S.N. 830204). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-02-4 Grease for Extendible Dipperstick . . . . . . . . .9000-04-6
710D Backhoe Loader Engine Alternative and Synthetic Lubricants . . . . . . .9000-04-7
Specifications (S.N. 830205 ) . . . . . . . . .9000-02-5 Mixing of Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-7
710D Backhoe Loader Specifications (S.N. Cold Weather Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-7
872328) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-02-6 Diesel Engine Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-04-8
710D Backhoe Loader Specifications (S.N.
872329 ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-02-8
710D Backhoe LoaderOther
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-02-11
710D Backhoe Buckets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9000-02-13
710D Drain and Refill Capacities. . . . . . . . .9000-02-13
710D Backhoe Loader Lifting Capacities . . .9000-02-14

Group 03Torque Values


Hardware Torque Specifications . . . . . . . . . .9000-03-1
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9000

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Group 01
Safety Information
9000
Handle Fluids SafelyAvoid Fires 01
1

When you work around fuel, do not smoke or work near


heaters or other fire hazards.

Store flammable fluids away from fire hazards. Do not


incinerate or puncture pressurized containers.

UN23AUG88
Make sure machine is clean of trash, grease, and debris.

Do not store oily rags; they can ignite and burn

TS227
spontaneously.

DX,FLAME 1929SEP981/1

Prevent Battery Explosions

Keep sparks, lighted matches, and open flame away from


the top of battery. Battery gas can explode.

Never check battery charge by placing a metal object


across the posts. Use a volt-meter or hydrometer.

UN23AUG88
Do not charge a frozen battery; it may explode. Warm
battery to 16C (60F).

TS204
DX,SPARKS 1903MAR931/1

Prepare for Emergencies

Be prepared if a fire starts.

Keep a first aid kit and fire extinguisher handy.

Keep emergency numbers for doctors, ambulance service,


UN23AUG88

hospital, and fire department near your telephone.


TS291

DX,FIRE2 1903MAR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
01 Prevent Acid Burns
2

Sulfuric acid in battery electrolyte is poisonous. It is strong


enough to burn skin, eat holes in clothing, and cause
blindness if splashed into eyes.

Avoid the hazard by:

1. Filling batteries in a well-ventilated area.


2. Wearing eye protection and rubber gloves.
3. Avoiding breathing fumes when electrolyte is added.
4. Avoiding spilling or dripping electrolyte.
5. Use proper jump start procedure.

If you spill acid on yourself:

1. Flush your skin with water.


2. Apply baking soda or lime to help neutralize the acid.
3. Flush your eyes with water for 1530 minutes. Get
medical attention immediately.

UN23AUG88
If acid is swallowed:

1. Do not induce vomiting.


2. Drink large amounts of water or milk, but do not

TS203
exceed 2 L (2 quarts).
3. Get medical attention immediately.

DX,POISON 1921APR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
Handle Chemical Products Safely 01
3

Direct exposure to hazardous chemicals can cause


serious injury. Potentially hazardous chemicals used with
John Deere equipment include such items as lubricants,
coolants, paints, and adhesives.

UN26NOV90
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides specific
details on chemical products: physical and health hazards,
safety procedures, and emergency response techniques.

TS1132
Check the MSDS before you start any job using a
hazardous chemical. That way you will know exactly what
the risks are and how to do the job safely. Then follow
procedures and recommended equipment.

(See your John Deere dealer for MSDSs on chemical


products used with John Deere equipment.)

DX,MSDS,NA 1903MAR931/1

Avoid High-Pressure Fluids

Escaping fluid under pressure can penetrate the skin


causing serious injury.

Avoid the hazard by relieving pressure before

UN23AUG88
disconnecting hydraulic or other lines. Tighten all
connections before applying pressure.

Search for leaks with a piece of cardboard. Protect hands

X9811
and body from high pressure fluids.

If an accident occurs, see a doctor immediately. Any fluid


injected into the skin must be surgically removed within a
few hours or gangrene may result. Doctors unfamiliar with
this type of injury should reference a knowledgeable
medical source. Such information is available from Deere
& Company Medical Department in Moline, Illinois, U.S.A.

DX,FLUID 1903MAR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
01 Park Machine Safely
4

Before working on the machine:

Lower all equipment to the ground.


Stop the engine and remove the key.
Disconnect the battery ground strap.

UN24MAY89
Hang a "DO NOT OPERATE" tag in operator station.

TS230
DX,PARK 1904JUN901/1

Support Machine Properly

Always lower the attachment or implement to the ground


before you work on the machine. If you must work on a
lifted machine or attachment, securely support the
machine or attachment. If left in a raised position,
hydraulically supported devices can settle or leak down.

UN23AUG88
Do not support the machine on cinder blocks, hollow tiles,
or props that may crumble under continuous load. Do not
work under a machine that is supported solely by a jack.

TS229
Follow recommended procedures in this manual.

When implements or attachments are used with a tractor,


always follow safety precautions listed in the implement
operators manual.

DX,LOWER 1917FEB991/1

Wear Protective Clothing

Wear close fitting clothing and safety equipment


appropriate to the job.

Operating equipment safely requires the full attention of


the operator. Do not wear radio or music headphones
UN23AUG88

while operating machine.


TS206

DX,WEAR2 1903MAR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
Work in Clean Area 01
5

Before starting a job:

Clean work area and machine.


Make sure you have all necessary tools to do your job.

UN18OCT88
Have the right parts on hand.
Read all instructions thoroughly; do not attempt
shortcuts.

T6642EJ
DX,CLEAN 1904JUN901/1

Service Machines Safely

Tie long hair behind your head. Do not wear a necktie,


scarf, loose clothing, or necklace when you work near
machine tools or moving parts. If these items were to get
caught, severe injury could result.

UN23AUG88
Remove rings and other jewelry to prevent electrical
shorts and entanglement in moving parts.

TS228
DX,LOOSE 1904JUN901/1

Work In Ventilated Area

Engine exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death. If it is


necessary to run an engine in an enclosed area, remove
the exhaust fumes from the area with an exhaust pipe
extension.

UN23AUG88
If you do not have an exhaust pipe extension, open the
doors and get outside air into the area

TS220
DX,AIR 1917FEB991/1

Illuminate Work Area Safely

Illuminate your work area adequately but safely. Use a


portable safety light for working inside or under the
machine. Make sure the bulb is enclosed by a wire cage.
The hot filament of an accidentally broken bulb can ignite
spilled fuel or oil.
UN23AUG88
TS223

DX,LIGHT 1904JUN901/1

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Safety Information

9000
01 Replace Safety Signs
6

Replace missing or damaged safety signs. See the


machine operators manual for correct safety sign
placement.

UN23AUG88
TS201
DX,SIGNS1 1904JUN901/1

Use Proper Lifting Equipment

Lifting heavy components incorrectly can cause severe


injury or machine damage.

Follow recommended procedure for removal and


installation of components in the manual.

UN23AUG88
TS226
DX,LIFT 1904JUN901/1

Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating

Avoid potentially toxic fumes and dust.

Hazardous fumes can be generated when paint is heated


by welding, soldering, or using a torch.

UN23AUG88
Do all work outside or in a well ventilated area. Dispose of
paint and solvent properly.

Remove paint before welding or heating: TS220

If you sand or grind paint, avoid breathing the dust.


Wear an approved respirator.
If you use solvent or paint stripper, remove stripper with
soap and water before welding. Remove solvent or
paint stripper containers and other flammable material
from area. Allow fumes to disperse at least 15 minutes
before welding or heating.

DX,PAINT 1903MAR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
Avoid Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines 01
7

Flammable spray can be generated by heating near


pressurized fluid lines, resulting in severe burns to
yourself and bystanders. Do not heat by welding,
soldering, or using a torch near pressurized fluid lines or
other flammable materials. Pressurized lines can be

UN15MAY90
accidentally cut when heat goes beyond the immediate
flame area.

TS953
DX,TORCH 1903MAR931/1

Keep ROPS Installed Properly

Make certain all parts are reinstalled correctly if the


roll-over protective structure (ROPS) is loosened or
removed for any reason. Tighten mounting bolts to proper
torque.

UN23AUG88
The protection offered by ROPS will be impaired if ROPS
is subjected to structural damage, is involved in an
overturn incident, or is in any way altered by welding,
bending, drilling, or cutting. A damaged ROPS should be

TS212
replaced, not reused.

DX,ROPS3 1903MAR931/1

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Safety Information

9000
01 Service Tires Safely
8

Explosive separation of a tire and rim parts can cause


serious injury or death.

Do not attempt to mount a tire unless you have the proper


equipment and experience to perform the job.

Always maintain the correct tire pressure. Do not inflate


the tires above the recommended pressure. Never weld or
heat a wheel and tire assembly. The heat can cause an
increase in air pressure resulting in a tire explosion.
Welding can structurally weaken or deform the wheel.

When inflating tires, use a clip-on chuck and extension


hose long enough to allow you to stand to one side and
NOT in front of or over the tire assembly. Use a safety
cage if available.

Check wheels for low pressure, cuts, bubbles, damaged


rims or missing lug bolts and nuts.

UN23AUG88
TS211
DX,RIM 1924AUG901/1

Avoid Harmful Asbestos Dust

Avoid breathing dust that may be generated when


handling components containing asbestos fibers. Inhaled
asbestos fibers may cause lung cancer.

Components in products that may contain asbestos fibers

UN23AUG88
are brake pads, brake band and lining assemblies, clutch
plates, and some gaskets. The asbestos used in these
components is usually found in a resin or sealed in some
way. Normal handling is not hazardous as long as TS220

airborne dust containing asbestos is not generated.

Avoid creating dust. Never use compressed air for


cleaning. Avoid brushing or grinding material containing
asbestos. When servicing, wear an approved respirator. A
special vacuum cleaner is recommended to clean
asbestos. If not available, apply a mist of oil or water on
the material containing asbestos.

Keep bystanders away from the area.

DX,DUST 1915MAR911/1

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Safety Information

9000
Practice Safe Maintenance 01
9

Understand service procedure before doing work. Keep


area clean and dry.

Never lubricate, service, or adjust machine while it is


moving. Keep hands, feet , and clothing from
power-driven parts. Disengage all power and operate
controls to relieve pressure. Lower equipment to the
ground. Stop the engine. Remove the key. Allow machine
to cool.

Securely support any machine elements that must be


raised for service work.

Keep all parts in good condition and properly installed. Fix


damage immediately. Replace worn or broken parts.
Remove any buildup of grease, oil, or debris.

On self-propelled equipment, disconnect battery ground


cable (-) before making adjustments on electrical systems

UN23AUG88
or welding on machine.

On towed implements, disconnect wiring harnesses from


tractor before servicing electrical system components or

TS218
welding on machine.

DX,SERV 1917FEB991/1

Use Proper Tools

Use tools appropriate to the work. Makeshift tools and


procedures can create safety hazards.

Use power tools only to loosen threaded parts and


fasteners.
UN08NOV89

For loosening and tightening hardware, use the correct


size tools. DO NOT use U.S. measurement tools on
metric fasteners. Avoid bodily injury caused by slipping
TS779

wrenches.

Use only service parts meeting John Deere specifications.

DX,REPAIR 1917FEB991/1

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Safety Information

9000
01 Dispose of Waste Properly
10

Improperly disposing of waste can threaten the


environment and ecology. Potentially harmful waste used
with John Deere equipment include such items as oil, fuel,
coolant, brake fluid, filters, and batteries.

UN26NOV90
Use leakproof containers when draining fluids. Do not use
food or beverage containers that may mislead someone
into drinking from them.

TS1133
Do not pour waste onto the ground, down a drain, or into
any water source.

Air conditioning refrigerants escaping into the air can


damage the Earths atmosphere. Government regulations
may require a certified air conditioning service center to
recover and recycle used air conditioning refrigerants.

Inquire on the proper way to recycle or dispose of waste


from your local environmental or recycling center, or from
your John Deere dealer.

DX,DRAIN 1903MAR931/1

Live With Safety

Before returning machine to customer, make sure


machine is functioning properly, especially the safety
systems. Install all guards and shields.

1907OCT88
TS231

DX,LIVE 1925SEP921/1

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Group 02
General Specifications
9000
02
1

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General Specifications

9000
02 710D Backhoe Loader Specifications
2

NOTE: Specifications and design subject to change tires; 14.5/7516.1, 10PR, F3 front tires with UN19OCT88
T6245AF1
without notice. Wherever applicable, 75 percent CaCl2 fill; 1.15 m3(1.5 cu yd) loader
specifications are in accordance with ICED bucket; 610 mm (24 in.) backhoe bucket;
and SAE Standards. Except where otherwise ROPS/FOPS; full fuel tank and 79 kg (175 lb)
noted, these specifications are based on a operator.
standard machine with 21L-24, 16PR, R4 rear

TX,115,RR2655 1919AUG991/1

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General Specifications

9000
710D Backhoe Loader Dimensions 02
3
Extendible Dipperstick
Backhoe Standard Retracted Extended
ALoading height, truck loading position 4.03 m (13 ft 3 in.) 3.98 m (13 ft 1 in.) 4.65 m (15 ft 3 in.)
BReach from center of swing mast 6.90 m (22 ft 8 in.) 6.90 m (22 ft 8 in.) 8.31 m (27 ft 3 in.)
CReach from center of rear axle 8.15 m (26 ft 9 in.) 8.15 m (26 ft 9 in.) 9.56 m (31 ft 4 in.)
DDigging depth (SAE):
(1) 610 mm (2 ft) flat bottom 5.53 m (18 ft 2 in.) 5.51 m (18 ft 1 in.) 7.03 m (23 ft 1 in.)
(2) 2440 mm (8 ft) flat bottom 5.26 m (17 ft 3 in.) 5.24 m (17 ft 2 in.) 6.82 m (22 ft 4 in.)
EMaximum digging depth 5.55 m (18 ft 2 in.) 5.52 m (18 ft 1 in.) 7.04 m (23 ft 1 in.)
FGround clearance, minimum 356 mm (14 in.) 356 mm (14 in.) 356 mm (14 in.)
GBucket rotation 152/162 152/162 152/162
HTransport height 4.21 m (13 ft 10 in.) 4.31 m (13 ft 11 in.) 4.31 m (13 ft 11 in.)
JOverall length, transport 8.13 m (26 ft 8 in.) 8.13 m (26 ft 8 in.) 8.13 m (26 ft 8 in.)
KStabilizer widthtransport 2.44 m (8 ft 0 in.) 2.44 m (8 ft 0 in.) 2.44 m (8 ft 0 in.)
LStabilizer spreadoperating 3.48 m (11 ft 5 in.) 3.48 m (11 ft 5 in.) 3.48 m (11 ft 5 in.)
MOverall width (less loader bucket) 2235 mm (88 in.) 2235 mm (88 in.) 2235 mm (88 in.)
Digging force, bucket cylinder (power dig position) 57.5 kN (12,940 lb force) 57.5 kN (12,940 lb force) 57.5 kN (12,940 lb force)
Digging force, crowd cylinder 42.7 kN (9600 lb force) 42.7 kN (9600 lb force) 29.8 kN (6700 lb force)

Loader with 1.24 m3 (1.62 yd3 ) Loader with 1.0 m3 (1.375 yd3 ) Bucket
Bucket and MFWD
NWheelbase 2.29 m (90.5 in.) 2.29 m (90.5 in.)
ODig below groundbucket level 147 mm (5.8 in.) 152 mm (6.0 in.)
PRollback at ground level 40 40
QDump clearance, bucket at 40 2.80 m (9 ft 6 in.) 2.80 m (9 ft 6 in.)
RMaximum height to bucket hinge pin 3.57 m (11 ft 8 in.) 3.61 m (11 ft 10 in.)
SMaximum bucket dump angle 40 40
TReach at full height, bucket at 40 851 mm (33.5 in.) 836 mm (32.9 in.)

TX,115,RR2626 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=23
General Specifications

9000
02 710D Backhoe Loader Engine Specifications
4
(S.N. 830204)

Item Measurement Specification

Engine: John Deere 6059T


turbocharged diesel, 4-stroke cycle

Net Power @ 2200 Power SAE 86 kW (115 hp)

Gross Power @ 2200 Power SAE 90 kW (120 hp)

Cylinders Quantity 6

Bore and Stroke Distance 106.5 x 110 mm (4.19 x 4.33 in.)

Displacement Volume 5.884 L (359 cu in.)

Fuel Consumption, Typical Consumption 7.6 to 12.5 L/h (2.03.3 gal/hr)

Compression Ratio Compression 17.8 to 1

Maximum Torque @ 25% at 1400 Torque Rise 465 Nm (343 lb-ft)


rpm

Main Bearings Quantity 7

Electrical System Voltage 12 volts

Alternator Amperage 65 amps

Lubrication Pressure system w/full-flow filter and


cooler

Fan Suction

Air Cleaner Dry

CED,OUO1032,1216 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=24
General Specifications

9000
710D Backhoe Loader Engine Specifications 02
5
(S.N. 830205 )

Item Measurement Specification

Engine: John Deere 6068T and


PowerTech 6068T turbocharged
diesel, 4-stroke cycle, Model #
6068TT050

Net Power @ 2200 Power SAE 87 kW (116 hp)

Gross Power @ 2200 Power SAE 93 kW (125 hp)

Cylinders Quantity 6

Bore and Stroke Distance 106.5 x 127 mm (4.19 x 5.00 in.)

Displacement Volume 6.8 L (414 cu in.)

Fuel Consumption, Typical Consumption 9.5 to 14.3 L/h (2.53.8 gal/hr)

Compression Ratio Compression 17.0 to 1

Maximum Torque @ 27% at 1400 Torque Rise 515.5 Nm (380 lb-ft)


rpm

Main Bearings Quantity 7

Electrical System Voltage 12 volts

Alternator Amperage 95 amps w/AC


65 amps w/o AC

PowerTech is a registered trademark of Deere & Company CED,OUO1032,1217 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=25
General Specifications

9000
02 710D Backhoe Loader Specifications (S.N. 872328)
6

Item Measurement Specification

Travel Speeds: Forward Travel with


standard 21L x 24 rear and 14.5/75 x
16.1 front tires

Forward 1 Speed 5.1 km/h (3.1 mph)

Forward 2 Speed 8.7 km/h (5.4 mph)

Forward 3 Speed 17.9 km/h (11.1 mph)

Forward 4 Speed 30.6 km/h (19.0 mph)

Travel Speeds: Reverse Travel with


standard 21L x 24 rear and 14.5/75 x
16.1 front tires

Reverse 1 Speed 5.4 km/h (3.4 mph)

Reverse 2 Speed 9.6 km/h (6.0 mph)

Travel Speeds: Forward Travel with


MFWD and 21L x 28 (required) rear
and 15 x 19.5 front tires

Forward 1 Speed 5.5 km/h (3.4 mph)

Forward 2 Speed 9.6 km/h (6.0 mph)

Forward 3 Speed 19.8 km/h (12.3 mph)

Forward 4 Speed 33.9 km/h (21.0 mph)

Travel Speeds: Reverse Travel with


MFWD and 21L x 28 (required) rear
and 15 x 19.5 front tires

Reverse 1 Speed 6.0 km/h (3.7 mph)

Reverse 2 Speed 10.6 km/h (6.6 mph)

Continued on next page TX,9000,BG785 1919AUG991/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=26
General Specifications

9000
Item Measurement Specification 02
7

Steering

Non-Powered Axle Turning radius with brakes 4.37 m (14 ft 4 in.)


Turning radius without brakes 4.63 m (15 ft 2 in.)
Clearance circle with brakes 11.02 m (36 ft 2 in.)
Clearance circle without brakes 11.54 m (37 ft 10 in.)
Axle oscillation stop-to-stop 20

Mechanical Front-Wheel-Drive Turning radius with brakes 4.39 m (14 ft 5 in.)


Turning radius without brakes 4.76 m (15 ft 7 in.)
Clearance circle with brakes 11.06 m (36 ft 3 in.)
Clearance circle without brakes 11.80 m (38 ft 9 in.)
Axle oscillation stop-to-stop 18
Steering wheel turns stop-to-stop, 3.0 to 3.8
both axles

Hydraulic System: Closed center


(variable flow, constant pressure)

Main Relief Pressure 17 500 kPa (175 bar) (2550 psi)

Main Pump Radial Pistons Quantity 16 radial pistons, variable flow

Flow @ 15 170 kPa (151 bar) Flow Rate 201 L/min (53 gpm)
(2200 psi)

Charge Pump Flow @ Fast Idle Flow Rate 64 L/min (17 gpm)
(Minimum)

Filter, Return Oil 10 micron steel enclosed,


replaceable paper element

Screen, Pressure Oil 20/cm (50/in.) mesh

TX,9000,BG785 1919AUG992/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=27
General Specifications

9000
02 710D Backhoe Loader Specifications (S.N. 872329 )
8

Item Measurement Specification

Travel Speeds: Forward Travel with


standard 21L x 24 rear and 14.5/75 x
16.1 front tires

Forward 1 Speed 5.3 km/h (3.3 mph)

Forward 2 Speed 8.8 km/h (5.5 mph)

Forward 3 Speed 21.9 km/h (13.6 mph)

Forward 4 Speed 35.4 km/h (22.0 mph)

Travel Speeds: Reverse Travel with


standard 21L x 24 rear and 14.5/75 x
16.1 front tires

Reverse 1 Speed 6.1 km/h (3.8 mph)

Reverse 2 Speed 9.8 km/h (6.1 mph)

Reverse 3 Speed 24.5 km/h (15.2 mph)

Travel Speeds: Forward Travel with


MFWD and 21L x 28 rear and 15 x
19.5 front tires

Forward 1 Speed 5.6 km/h (3.5 mph)

Forward 2 Speed 9.5 km/h (5.9 mph)

Forward 3 Speed 23.5 km/h (14.6 mph)

Forward 4 Speed 38.1 km/h (23.7 mph)

Travel Speeds: Reverse Travel with


MFWD and 21L x 28 rear and 15 x
19.5 front tires

Reverse 1 Speed 6.4 km/h (4.0 mph)

Reverse 2 Speed 10.6 km/h (6.6 mph)

Continued on next page CED,TX03679,3599 1919AUG991/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=28
General Specifications

9000
Item Measurement Specification 02
9

Reverse 3 Speed 26.2 km/h (16.3 mph)

Travel Speeds: Forward Travel with


MFWD and 20.5L x 25 rear and 15 x
19.5 front tires

Forward 1 Speed 5.8 km/h (3.6 mph)

Forward 2 Speed 9.7 km/h (6.0 mph)

Forward 3 Speed 24.0 km/h (14.9 mph)

Forward 4 Speed 38.7 km/h (24.1 (mph)

Travel Speeds: Reverse Travel with


MFWD and 21.5L x 25 rear and 15 x
19.5 front tires

Reverse 1 Speed 6.4 km/h (4.0 mph)

Reverse 2 Speed 10.8 km/h (6.7 mph)

Reverse 3 Speed 26.7 km/h (16.6 mph)

Steering

Non-Powered Axle Turning radius with brakes 4.37 m (14 ft 4 in.)


Turning radius without brakes 4.63 m (15 ft 2 in.)
Clearance circle with brakes 11.02 m (36 ft 2 in.)
Clearance circle without brakes 11.54 m (37 ft 10 in.)
Axle oscillation stop-to-stop 20

Mechanical Front-Wheel-Drive Turning radius with brakes 4.39 m (14 ft 5 in.)


Turning radius without brakes 4.76 m (15 ft 7 in.)
Clearance circle with brakes 11.06 m (36 ft 3 in.)
Clearance circle without brakes 11.80 m (38 ft 9 in.)
Axle oscillation stop-to-stop 18
Steering wheel turns stop-to-stop, 3.0 to 3.8
both axles

Continued on next page CED,TX03679,3599 1919AUG992/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-9 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=29
General Specifications

9000
02 Item Measurement Specification
10

Hydraulic System: Closed center


(variable flow, constant pressure)

Main Relief Pressure 17 500 kPa (175 bar) (2550 psi)

Main Pump Radial Pistons, Quantity 16


Variable Flow

Flow @ 15 170 kPa (151 bar) Flow Rate 201 L/min (53 gpm)
(2200 psi)

Charge Pump Flow @ Fast Idle Flow Rate 90 L/min (24 gpm)
(Minimum)

CED,TX03679,3599 1919AUG993/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-10 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=30
General Specifications

9000
710D Backhoe LoaderOther Information 02
11

Transmission (S.N. 872328):

John Deere designed and built planetary power shift with


torque converter, four speeds forward and two speeds
reverse. The 310 mm (12.2 in.) single stage, dual phase
torque converter has 1.99:1 stall torque ratio.

Transmission (S.N. 872329 ):

A single stage torque converter drives a hydraulically


engaged, four speeds forward and three speeds reverse,
countershaft type power shift transmission.

MFWD AxleIf Equipped:

For machines (S.N. 872328), limited slip differential with


19.64:1 ratio.

For machines (S.N. 872329 ), limited slip differential


and opposite input rotation with 14.00:1 ratio.

Final Drives:

Heavy-duty, inboard mounted planetary type. Evenly


distributes axle shock loads over three gears that run in a
cooling oil bath.

Brakes:

Hydraulic wet disk service brakes are mounted inboard


and are pressure cooled and lubricated. They are
self-adjusting, self-equalizing, and require no periodic
service. Individual pedals allow them to be applied
together or separately. The parking brake is an
independent system that is spring-applied, hydraulically
released and controlled by an electric switch on the
control console. All brakes conform to SAEJ1473.

Tires:

Regular

Front: 14.5/75 x 16.1, 10PR, F3


Rear: 21L x 24, 16PR, R4

Axle

Continued on next page CED,TX03679,3601 1919AUG991/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=31
General Specifications

9000
02 Front: 14.5/75 x 16.1, 10PR, F3
12
Rear: 21L x 28, 14PR, R4
Front: 16.5L x 16.1, 10PR, I-1
Rear: 21L x 28, 14PR, R4

MFWD

Front: 15 x 19.5, 8PR, lug thread


Rear: 21L x 28, 14PR, R4

Operating Weights:

Item Measurement Specification

710D Basic Machine Weight 10 450 kg (23 000 lb)

Add Optional Weights:

Cab Weight 227 kg (500 lb)

MFWD Weight 590 kg (1300 lb)

Extendible Dipperstick with Weight 618 kg (1362 lb)


Required Counterweights

Optional Front Counterweight Weight 318 kg (700 lb)

Reversible Stabilizer Pads Weight 41 kg (90 lb)

Loader buckets:

1.24 m3 (1.62 cu yd) Weight 435 kg (960 lb)

1.34 m3 (1.87 cu yd) Weight 680 kg (1500 lb)

CED,TX03679,3601 1919AUG992/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=32
General Specifications

9000
710D Backhoe Buckets 02
13
Width mm (in.) Heaped Capacity m3 (cu yd)
Loader 2337 (92) 1.24 (1.62)
2438 (96) 1.34 (1.75)
Backhoe 457 (18) 0.22 (0.29)
610 (24) 0.31 (0.41)
762 (30) 0.42 (0.55)
914 (36) 0.53 (0.69)

TX,115,RR2628 1919AUG991/1

710D Drain and Refill Capacities

Item Measurement Specification

Engine Coolant Capacity 26 L (28 qt)

Engine Oil (Including Filter) Capacity 19 L (20 qt)

Transmission with MFWD (S.N. Capacity 13.2 L (3.5 gal)


872328)

Transmission without MFWD Capacity 9.5 L (2.5 gal)


(S.N. 872328)

Transmission (S.N. 872329 ) Capacity 15 L (4 gal)

Hydraulic Reservoir Capacity 40 L (10.5 gal)

Fuel Tank Capacity 166 L (44 gal)

Front Axle (MFWD) Capacity 12.3 L (3.25 gal)

Front Wheel Planetary (MFWD) Capacity 1 L (1.1 qt)

Rear Axle Differential (S.N. Capacity 18 L (4.75 gal)


872328)

Rear Axle (S.N. 872329 ) Capacity 16 L (4.25 gal)

TX,9000,BG788 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=33
General Specifications

9000
02 710D Backhoe Loader Lifting Capacities
14

UN06OCT92
T7840AS
Lift Capacity, Backhoe with Standard Dipperstick. Based on SAE J31. Rated lift capacities are in kg (lb). Lift
capacities are hydraulically limited.

ADipper Lift at 65 BSwing Pivot CBoom Lift

Lifting capacity ratings are made with bucket hinge pin, Angle between boom and ground is 65. Machine is
loader bucket and stabilizers on firm, level ground. Lift equipped with 610 mm (24 in.) standard bucket,
capacities are hydraulically limited. Lifting capacities standard or extendible dipperstick and standard
are 87% of the maximum lift over any point on the equipment.
swing arc and do not exceed 75% of the tipping load.

Continued on next page TX,115,RR2660 1919AUG991/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=34
General Specifications

9000
02
15

UN26OCT92
T7840AU
Lift Capacity, Backhoe with 1.52 m (5 ft) Extendible Dipperstick, Retracted. Based on SAE J31. Rated lift capacities
are in kg (lb). Lift capacities are hydraulically limited.

ADipper Lift at 65 BSwing Pivot CBoom Lift

NOTE: Loader bucket on ground significantly improves to the side. Lift capacity over the rear is not
side stability, therefore improving lift capacity affected.

Continued on next page TX,115,RR2660 1919AUG992/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-15 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=35
General Specifications

9000
02
16

UN06OCT92
T7840AT
Lift Capacity, Backhoe with 1.52 m (5 ft) Extendible Dipperstick, Extended. Based on SAE J31. Rated lift capacities
are in kg (lb). Lift capacities are hydraulically limited.

ADipper Lift at 65 BSwing Pivot CBoom Lift

TX,115,RR2660 1919AUG993/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-02-16 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=36
Group 03
Torque Values
9000
Hardware Torque Specifications 03
1

Check cap screws and nuts to be sure they are tight. If


hardware is loose, tighten to torque shown on the
following charts unless a special torque is specified.

TX,90,FF1225 1915MAR931/1

710D Tire Pressure

NOTE: Tire shipping pressure may not be the same as


tire operating pressure. You may change tire
pressures to suit working conditions according to
tire manufacturers recommendations.

Item Measurement Specification

Tire Size (Front)

14.5/75 x 16.1, 10PR, F3 Pressure 276 kPa (2.8 bar) (40 psi)

15 x 19.5, 8PR (w/MFWD only) Pressure 276 kPa (2.8 bar) (40 psi)

16.5 L x 16.1, 10PR, I-1 Pressure 276 kPa (2.8 bar) (40 psi)

Tire Size (Rear)

20.5 x 25, 12PR, R4 Pressure 241 kPa (2.4 bar) (35 psi)

21 L x 24, 16PR, R4 Pressure 276 kPa (2.7 bar) (40 psi)

21 L x 28, 14PR, R4 Pressure 248 kPa (2.5 bar) (36 psi)

TX,55,RR2589 1902OCT981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=37
Torque Values

9000
03 ROPS Torque Specifications
2

CAUTION: Make certain all parts are reinstalled


correctly if the roll-over protective structure
(ROPS) is loosened or removed for any reason.
Tighten mounting bolts to proper torque.

UN23AUG88
The protection offered by ROPS will be
impaired if ROPS is subjected to structural
damage, is involved in an overturn incident, or

TS176
is in any way altered. A damaged ROPS should
be replaced, not reused.

When installation of equipment on a machine necessitates


loosening or removing ROPS, mounting bolts must be
tightened to 420 84 Nm (310 62 ft-lb).

Item Measurement Specification

ROPS Mounting Bolts Torque 420 84 Nm 310 62 lb-ft)

CED,OUTX782,583 1918AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=38
Torque Values

9000
Checking Wheel Fastener Torque 03
3

Tighten wheel cap screws.

Specification
Front Standard AxleTorque ................ 230 + 35 -46 Nm (170 + 26 -34

UN18OCT88
ft-lb)
Front MFWD AxleTorque .................... 407 + 60 -80 Nm (300 + 45 -60
ft-lb)
Rear AxleTorque ................................. 575 + 170 -115 Nm (425 + 125
-85 ft-lb)

T6000AU
UN14MAR94
T8196AY
TX,90,RR2625 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=39
Torque Values

9000
03 Unified Inch Bolt and Cap Screw Torque Values
4

1902APR97
TS1656

DX,TORQ1 1920JUL941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=40
Torque Values

9000
Metric Bolt and Cap Screw Torque Values 03
5

1902APR97
TS1657

DX,TORQ2 1920JUL941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=41
Torque Values

9000
03 Additional Metric Cap Screw Torque Values
6

UN18OCT88
CAUTION: Use only metric tools on metric
hardware. Other tools may not fit properly. They
may slip and cause injury.

T6873AA
Check tightness of cap screws periodically. Torque values
listed are for general use only. Do not use these values if
a different torque value or tightening procedure is listed
for a specific application.

UN18OCT88
Shear bolts are designed to fail under predetermined
loads. Always replace shear bolts with identical grade.

Fasteners should be replaced with the same or higher

T6873AB
grade. If higher grade fasteners are used, these should
only be tightened to the strength of the original.

Make sure fastener threads are clean and you properly


start thread engagement. This will prevent them from
failing when tightening.

UN18OCT88
Tighten cap screws having lock nuts to approximately 50
percent of amount shown in chart.

T6873AC
Continued on next page 04T,90,M170 1901AUG941/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=42
Torque Values

9000
METRIC CAP SCREW TORQUE VALUESa 03
7
Nominal
Dia T-Bolt H-Bolt M-Bolt
Nm lb-ft Nm lb-ft Nm lb-ft
8 29 21 20 15 10 7
10 63 46 45 33 20 15
12 108 80 88 65 34 25
14 176 130 137 101 54 40
16 265 195 206 152 78 58
18 392 289 294 217 118 87
20 539 398 392 289 167 125
22 735 542 539 398 216 159
24 931 687 686 506 274 202
27 1372 1012 1029 759 392 289
30 1911 1410 1421 1049 539 398
33 2548 1890 1911 1410 735 542
36 3136 2314 2401 1772 931 687
a
Torque tolerance is 10%.

04T,90,M170 1901AUG942/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=43
Torque Values

9000
03 Check Oil Lines And Fittings
8

CAUTION: Escaping fluid under pressure can


penetrate the skin causing serious injury. Avoid
the hazard by relieving pressure before
disconnecting hydraulic or other lines. Tighten

UN23AUG88
all connections before applying pressure.
Search for leaks with a piece of cardboard.
Protect hands and body from high pressure
fluids.

X9811
If an accident occurs, see a doctor immediately.
Any fluid injected into the skin must be
surgically removed within a few hours or
gangrene may result. Doctors unfamiliar with
this type of injury may call the Deere &
Company Medical Department in Moline, Illinois,
or other knowledgeable medical source.

Check all oil lines, hoses, and fittings regularly for leaks or
damage. Make sure all clamps are in position and tight.
Make sure hoses are not twisted or touching moving
machine parts. If abrasion or wear occurs, replace
immediately.

Tubing with dents may cause the oil to overheat. If you


find tubing with dents, install new tubing immediately.

IMPORTANT: Tighten fittings as specified in torque


chart.

When you tighten connections, use two wrenches to


prevent bending or breaking tubing and fittings.

TX,90,DH1559 1901AUG941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=44
Torque Values

9000
Service Recommendations for 37 Flare and 03
9
30 Cone Seat Connectors

1. Inspect flare and flare seat. They must be free of dirt


or obvious defects.

UN18OCT88
2. Defects in tube flare cannot be repaired.
Overtightening a defective flared fitting will not stop
leaks.

T6234AC
3. Align tube with fitting before attempting to start nut.

4. Lubricate male threads with hydraulic fluid or petroleum


jelly.

5. Index angle fittings and tighten by hand.

6. Tighten fitting or nut to torque value shown on torque


chart. Do not allow hoses to twist when tightening
fittings.

STRAIGHT FITTING OR SPECIAL NUT TORQUE CHART


Thread Size Nm lb-ft
3/8 - 24 UNF 8 6
7/16 - 20 UNF 12 9
1/2 - 20 UNF 16 12
9/16 - 18 UNF 24 18
3/4 - 16 UNF 46 34
7/8 - 14 UNF 62 46
1-1/16 - 12 UN 102 75
1-3/16 - 12 UN 122 90
1-5/16 - 12 UN 142 105
1-5/8 - 12 190 140
1-7/8 - 12 UN 217 160
NOTE: Torque tolerance is 10%.

T82,BHMA,EL 1919MAR961/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-9 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=45
Torque Values

9000
03 Service Recommendations for O-Ring Boss
10
Fittings

Straight Fitting

1. Inspect O-ring boss seat for dirt or defects.

UN18OCT88
2. Lubricate O-ring with petroleum jelly. Place electrical
tape over threads to protect O-ring. Slide O-ring over
tape and into O-ring groove of fitting. Remove tape.

T6243AE
3. Tighten fitting to torque value shown on chart.

Continued on next page 04T,90,K66 1919MAR961/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-10 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=46
Torque Values

9000
Angle Fitting 03
11

1. Back-off lock nut (A) and back-up washer (B)


completely to head-end (C) of fitting.

2. Turn fitting into threaded boss until back-up washer

UN18OCT88
contacts face of boss.

3. Turn fitting head-end counterclockwise to proper index


(maximum of one turn).

T6520AB
NOTE: Do not allow hoses to twist when tightening
fittings.

4. Hold fitting head-end with a wrench and tighten locknut


and back-up washer to proper torque value.

STRAIGHT FITTING OR SPECIAL NUT TORQUE CHART


Thread Size Nm lb-ft
3/8-24 UNF 8 6
7/16-20 UNF 12 9
1/2-20 UNF 16 12
9/16-18 UNF 24 18
3/4-16 UNF 46 34
7/8-14 UNF 62 46
1-1/16-12 UN 102 75
1-3/16-12 UN 122 90
1-5/16-12 UN 142 105
1-5/8-12 UN 190 140
1-7/8-12 UN 217 160
NOTE: Torque tolerance is 10%.

04T,90,K66 1919MAR962/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=47
Torque Values

9000
03 Service Recommendations for Flat Face
12
O-Ring Seal Fittings

1. Inspect the fitting sealing surfaces. They must be free


of dirt or defects.

UN18OCT88
2. Inspect the O-ring. It must be free of damage or
defects.

3. Lubricate O-rings and install into groove using

T6243AD
petroleum jelly to hold in place.

4. Push O-ring into the groove with plenty of petroleum


jelly so O-ring is not displaced during assembly.

5. Index angle fittings and tighten by hand pressing joint


together to insure O-ring remains in place.

6. Tighten fitting or nut to torque value shown on the


chart per dash size stamped on the fitting. Do not allow
hoses to twist when tightening fittings.

FLAT FACE O-RING SEAL FITTING TORQUE


Thread Size
Nominal Tube O.D. Dash Size in. Swivel Nut Bulkhead Nut
mm in. Nm lb-ft Nm lb-ft
6.35 0.250 -4 9/16-18 16 12 5.0 3.5
9.52 0.375 -6 11/16-16 24 18 9.0 6.5
12.70 0.500 -8 13/16-16 50 37 17.0 12.5
15.88 0.625 -10 1-14 69 51 17.0 12.5
19.05 0.750 -12 1 3/16-12 102 75 17.0 12.5
22.22 0.875 -14 1 3/16-12 102 75 17.0 12.5
25.40 1.000 -16 1 7/16-12 142 105 17.0 12.5
31.75 1.250 -20 1 11/16-12 190 140 17.0 12.5
38.10 1.500 -24 2-12 217 160 17.0 12.5
NOTE: Torque tolerance is +15 -20%.

04T,90,K67 1901AUG941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=48
Torque Values

9000
Service Recommendations For Inch Series Four Bolt Flange Fittings 03
13

UN01MAR90
T6890BB
ASealing Surface BSplit Flange CPinched O-Ring DSingle Piece Flange

1. Clean sealing surfaces (A). Inspect. Scratches TORQUE CHART


cause leaks. Roughness causes seal wear. Nm lb-ft
Out-of-flat causes seal extrusion. If defects cannot Nominal Cap Screw
be polished out, replace component. Flange Size
Size Min Max Min Max
2. Install O-ring (and backup washer if required) into 1/2 5/16-18 20 31 15 23
groove using petroleum jelly to hold it in place. UNC
3/4 3/8-16 UNC 28 54 21 40
3. Split flange: Loosely assemble split flange (B) 1 3/8-16 UNC 37 54 27 40
halves. Make sure split is centrally located and 1-1/4 7/16-14 47 85 35 63
perpendicular to port. Hand tighten cap screws to UNC
hold parts in place. Do not pinch O-ring (C). 1-1/2 1/2-13 UNC 62 131 46 97
2 1/2-13 UNC 73 131 54 97
4. Single piece flange (D): Place hydraulic line in
2-1/2 1/2-13 UNC 107 131 79 97
center of flange and install cap screws. Flange
must be centrally located on port. Hand tighten cap 3 5/8-11 UNC 158 264 117 195
screws to hold flange in place. Do not pinch O-ring. 3-1/2 5/8-11 UNC 158 264 117 195
4 5/8-11 UNC 158 264 117 195
5. Tighten one cap screw, then tighten the diagonally 5 5/8-11 UNC 158 264 117 195
opposite cap screw. Tighten two remaining cap
screws. Tighten all cap screws as specified in the
chart below.

DO NOT use air wrenches. DO NOT tighten one


cap screw fully before tightening the others. DO
NOT over tighten.

TX,9000,BG380 1914JAN971/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=49
Torque Values

9000
03 Service Recommendations for Metric Series Four Bolt Flange Fitting
14

UN01MAR90
T6890BB
ASealing Surface BSplit Flange CPinched O-Ring DSingle Piece Flange

1. Clean sealing surfaces (A). Inspect. Scratches then tighten the diagonally opposite cap screw.
cause leaks. Roughness causes seal wear. Tighten two remaining cap screws. Tighten all cap
Out-of-flat causes seal extrusion. If defects cannot screws as specified in the chart below.
be polished out, replace component.
DO NOT use air wrenches. DO NOT tighten one
2. Install the correct O-ring (and backup washer if cap screw fully before tightening the others. DO
required) into groove using petroleum jelly to hold it NOT over tighten.
in place.
TORQUE CHARTa
3. Split flange: Loosely assemble split flange (B) Threadb Nm lb-ft
halves. Make sure split is centrally located and M6 12 9
perpendicular to the port. Hand tighten cap screws M8 30 22
to hold parts in place. Do not pinch O-ring (C).
M10 57 42
M12 95 70
4. Single piece flange (D): Place hydraulic line in
center of flange and install four cap screws. Flange M14 157 116
must be centrally located on port. Hand tighten cap M16 217 160
screws to hold flange in place. Do not pinch O-ring. M18 334 246
M20 421 318
5. After components are properly positioned and cap a
Tolerance 10%. The torques given are enough for the given
screws are hand tightened, tighten one cap screw, size connection with the recommended working pressure.
Increasing cap screw torque beyond these amounts will result in
flange and cap screw bending and connection failures.
b
Metric standard thread.

04T,90,K175 1905JAN961/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-03-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=50
Group 04
Fuels and Lubricants
9000
Fuel Specifications 04
1

Use ONLY clean, high-quality fuel. For maximum filter life, sediment and water should not
be more than 0.10 percent.
Use Grade No. 2-D fuel above 40F (4C).
The cetane number should be 40 minimum. If you
Use Grade No. 1-D fuel below 40F (4C). operate your machine where air temperatures are
normally low or where altitudes are high, you may
Use Grade No. 1-D fuel for all air temperatures at need fuel with a higher cetane number.
altitudes above 1 500 m (5000 ft).
Cloud PointFor cold weather operation, cloud point
IMPORTANT: If fuel sulfur content exceeds 0.5 should be -12C (10F) below lowest normal air
percent, the engine oil drain interval temperature.
must be reduced by 50 percent (to
125 hours).

Use fuel with less than 1.0 percent


sulfur. If possible, use fuel with less
than 0.5 percent sulfur.

TX,9000,BG789 1904MAR971/1

Diesel Fuel

Consult your local fuel distributor for properties of the Fuel lubricity should pass a minimum of 3100 gram
diesel fuel available in your area. load level as measured by the BOCLE scuffing test.

In general, diesel fuels are blended to satisfy the low Sulfur content:
temperature requirements of the geographical area in
which they are marketed. Sulfur content should not exceed 0.5%. Sulfur
content less than 0.05% is preferred.
Diesel fuels specified to EN 590 or ASTM D975 are If diesel fuel with sulfur content greater than 0.5%
recommended. sulfur content is used, reduce the service interval for
engine oil and filter by 50%.
In all cases, the fuel shall meet the following DO NOT use diesel fuel with sulfur content greater
properties: than 1.0%.

Cetane number of 40 minimum. Cetane number Bio-diesel fuels may be used ONLY if the fuel
greater than 50 is preferred, especially for properties meet DIN 51606 or equivalent specification.
temperatures below -20C (-4F) or elevations above
1500 m (5,000 ft). DO NOT mix used engine oil or any other type of
lubricant with diesel fuel.
Cold Filter Plugging Point (CFPP) below the
expected low temperature OR Cloud Point at least
5C (9F) below the expected low temperature.

DX,FUEL1 1917FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=51
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
04 Do Not Use Galvanized Containers
2

IMPORTANT: Diesel fuel stored in galvanized Store fuel in:


containers reacts with zinc coating
on the container to form zinc flakes. plastic containers.
If fuel contains water, a zinc gel will aluminum containers.
also form. The gel and flakes will specially coated steel containers made for diesel
quickly plug fuel filters and damage fuel.
fuel injectors and fuel pumps.
DO NOT USE brass-coated containers: brass is an
DO NOT USE a galvanized container to store diesel alloy of copper and zinc.
fuel.

MX,FLBT,C 1904JUN901/1

Fuel Tank

CAUTION: Handle fuel carefully. If the engine is


hot or running, DO NOT fill the fuel tank. DO
NOT smoke while you fill fuel tank or work on
fuel system.

To avoid condensation, fill the fuel tank at the end of each


days operation. Shut off engine before filling.

TX,45,DH1588 1905FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=52
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
Diesel Engine Oil 04
3

1922MAY96
T101239
Use oil viscosity based on the expected air John Deere TORQ-GARD SUPREME
temperature range during the period between oil
changes. Other oils may be used if they meet one or more of
the following:
The following oil is preferred:
API Service Classification CG-4
John Deere PLUS-50
Multi-viscosity diesel engine oils are preferred.
If John Deere PLUS-50 engine oil and a John Deere
oil filter are used, the service interval for oil and filter If diesel fuel with sulfur content greater than 0.5% is
changes may be extended by 50 hours. used, reduce the service interval by 50%.

The following oil is also recommended:

PLUS-50 is a registered trademark of Deere & Company.


TORQ-GARD SUPREME is a registered trademark of Deere &
Company. TX,45,JC2234 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=53
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
04 Transmission Oil, Hydraulic System Oil and Differential Oil
4

1910MAY96
T100663
Use oil viscosity based on the expected air John Deere Standard JDM J20C
temperature range during the period between oil John Deere Standard JDM J20D
changes.
Use the following oil when a biodegradable fluid is
The following oils are preferred: required:

JOHN DEERE HY-GARD John Deere BIO-HY-GARD1, 2


John Deere Low Viscosity HY-GARD

Other oils may be used if they meet one of the


following:

HY-GARD is a registered trademark of Deere & Company.


BIO-HY-GARD is a trademark of Deere & Company.

1
BIO-HY-GARD meets or exceeds the minimum biodegradability of
80% within 21 days according to CEC-L-33T-82 test method.

2
BIO-HY-GARD should not be mixed with mineral oils because this
reduces the biodegradability and makes proper oil recycling
impossible.

TX,45,JC1864 1919AUG991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=54
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
Mechanical Front Wheel Drive Oil 04
5

1905JAN89
T6247AB
Depending on the expected air temperature range John Deere API GL-5 Gear Oil
between oil changes, use oil viscosity shown on the Oils meeting API Service GL-5 (MIL-L-2105B or
chart above. MIL-2105C)

The following oils are recommended: Oil meeting MIl-L-10324A may be used as arctic oil.

T82,45,C11 1915MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=55
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
04 Grease
6

1927MAR95
T8358AI
Use grease based on NLGI consistency numbers and John Deere HIGH TEMPERATURE EP GREASE
the expected air temperature range during the service John Deere GREASE-GARD
interval.
Other greases may be used if they meet one of the
The following greases are preferred: following:

John Deere MOLY HIGH TEMPERATURE EP NLGI Performance Classification GC-LB


GREASE

GREASE-GARD is a registered trademark of Deere & Company. TX,45,JC1134 1919AUG991/1

Grease for Extendible Dipperstick

SAE Multipurpose Grease with Extreme Pressure (EP)


performance and containing 3 to 5 percent molybdenum
disulfide (preferred).

TX,45,DH1576 1921JAN921/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=56
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
Alternative and Synthetic Lubricants 04
7

Conditions in certain geographical areas may require


lubricant recommendations different from those printed in
this manual.

Some John Deere brand coolants and lubricants may not


be available in your location.

Consult your John Deere dealer to obtain information and


recommendations.

Synthetic lubricants may be used if they meet the


performance requirements as shown in this manual.

The temperature limits and service intervals shown in this


manual apply to both conventional and synthetic oils.

Re-refined base stock products may be used if the


finished lubricant meets the performance requirements.

DX,ALTER 1918MAR961/1

Mixing of Lubricants

In general, avoid mixing different brands or types of oil. Consult your John Deere dealer to obtain specific
Oil manufacturers blend additives in their oils to meet information and recommendations.
certain specifications and performance requirements.

Mixing different oils can interfere with the proper


functioning of these additives and degrade lubricant
performance.

DX,LUBMIX 1918MAR961/1

Cold Weather Operation

Additional information on cold weather operation is


available from your John Deere dealer.
T82,BHFL,E 1931MAY901/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=57
Fuels and Lubricants

9000
04 Diesel Engine Coolant
8

The engine cooling system is filled to provide protection at lower temperatures is required, consult
year-round protection against corrosion and cylinder your John Deere dealer for recommendations.
liner pitting, and winter freeze protection to -37C
(-34F). Water quality is important to the performance of the
cooling system. Distilled, deionized, or demineralized
The following engine coolant is preferred for service: water is recommended for mixing with ethylene glycol
base engine coolant concentrate.
John Deere COOL-GARD Prediluted Coolant
IMPORTANT: Do not use cooling system sealing
The following engine coolant is also recommended: additives or antifreeze that contains
sealing additives.
John Deere COOL-GARD Coolant Concentrate in a
40 to 60% mixture of concentrate with quality water. Coolant Drain Intervals

Other low silicate ethylene glycol base coolants for Drain the factory fill engine coolant, flush the cooling
heavy-duty engines may be used if they meet one of system, and refill with new coolant after the first 3
the following specifications: years or 3000 hours of operation. Subsequent drain
intervals are determined by the coolant used for
ASTM D5345 (prediluted coolant) service. At each interval, drain the coolant, flush the
ASTM D4985 (coolant concentrate) in a 40 to 60% cooling system, and refill with new coolant.
mixture of concentrate with quality water
When John Deere COOL-GARD is used, the drain
Coolants meeting these specifications require use of interval may be extended to 5 years or 5000 hours of
supplemental coolant additives, formulated for operation, provided that the coolant is tested annually
heavy-duty diesel engines, for protection against AND additives are replenished, as needed, by adding
corrosion and cylinder liner erosion and pitting. a supplemental coolant additive.

A 50% mixture of ethylene glycol engine coolant in If COOL-GARD is not used, the drain interval is
water provides freeze protection to -37C (-34F). If reduced to 2 years or 2000 hours of operation.

DX,COOL3 1905FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9000-04-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=58
Section 9005
Operational Checkout Procedure
Contents 9005

Page

Group 10Operational Checkout Procedure


Operational Checkout Procedure. . . . . . . . . .9005-10-1
John Deere Radial Piston PumpUse
CTM7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-1
John Deere 6059 Engine (S.N. 830204)
Use CTM8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-1
John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.
830204)Use CTM11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-2
John Deere Inboard Planetary AxlesUse
CTM43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-2
John Deere OEM Engine Accessories
(S.N. 830205 )Use CTM67 . . . . . . . . .9005-10-2
John Deere Alternators And Starting
MotorsUse CTM77 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-2
John Deere 6068 Engine (S.N. 830205 )
Use CTM104 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-3
Gauges and Indicators Check With Engine
Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-3
Gauge and Indicators Check With Engine
On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-6
Brake System Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-10
Steering System Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-14
Transmission Neutral Disconnect Circuit
Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-15
Driving Check (MFWD Disengaged If
Equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-16
Driving Check for Mechanical Front Wheel
Drive (MFWD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-25
Hydraulic System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-27
Heater and Air Conditioning Checks . . . . . .9005-10-33
Cooling System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-37
Air System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-39
Lubrication System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-41
Fuel System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-41
Engine Speed and Performance Checks . . .9005-10-42
Accessories Check (Engine Stopped) . . . . .9005-10-44
Cab Component Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-46
Miscellaneous Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9005-10-51

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=1
Contents

9005

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=2
Group 10
Operational Checkout Procedure
Operational Checkout Procedure

Use this procedure to check all systems and functions Operational Checkout Record Sheet and record the
on the machine. results of each check on this sheet.
9005
This checkout procedure is designed so technician can At the end of each check, if no problem is found (OK:), 10
make a quick check of the operation of machine while you will instructed to GO TO NEXT CHECK. If problem 1
sitting in operators seat. (NOT OK:) is indicated, you will be given repair
required or CTM number. If verification is needed, you
A location will be required which is level, has adequate will be given next best source of information after GO
space to complete the driving checks and to work TO:
machine. The engine, power train and hydraulic oil
must be at operating temperature. Group 10 (System Operational Checks)

Complete the necessary visual checks (oil levels, oil Group 15 (System Diagnostic Information)
condition, external leaks, loose hardware, loose
linkage) prior to doing the checkout procedure. Group 20 (Adjustments)

No special tools or gauges are needed. Always start in Group 25 (Tests)


the left column and read completely; follow this
sequence from left to right. Read each check CTM (Component Technical Manual)
completely before performing. Make a copy of the

TX,D300,DS1984 1906APR951/1

John Deere Radial Piston PumpUse CTM7

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required.

Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

UN07SEP88
M44215
CED,TX03679,5015 1905FEB991/1

John Deere 6059 Engine (S.N. 830204)


Use CTM8

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required.
UN07SEP88

Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.


M44215

CED,TX03679,5016 1905FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=61
Operational Checkout Procedure

John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.


830204)Use CTM11

For additional information, the component CTM is also


9005 required.
10

UN07SEP88
2 Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215
CED,TX03679,5017 1905FEB991/1

John Deere Inboard Planetary AxlesUse


CTM43

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required.

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215
CED,TX03679,5019 1905FEB991/1

John Deere OEM Engine Accessories (S.N.


830205 )Use CTM67

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required.

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215

CED,TX03679,5016 1905FEB991/1

John Deere Alternators And Starting


MotorsUse CTM77

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required.
UN07SEP88

Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.


M44215

CED,TX03679,5018 1905FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=62
Operational Checkout Procedure

John Deere 6068 Engine (S.N. 830205 )


Use CTM104

For additional information, the component CTM is also


required. 9005
10

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual. 3

M44215
CED,TX03679,5014 1905FEB991/1

Gauges and Indicators Check With Engine Off

1/1

Gauges, Indicators and OK: Go to next check.


FNR/Range Lever Check
NOT OK: No movement
of fuel gauge, check logic
module fuse. Go to
Section 9015 Gauges and
Monitor ChecksFuel
Gauge Check.
T7447AH UN04JAN91
NOT OK: Clean air
T7860AE UN06OCT92
cleaner element.
Move FNR/range lever to neutral position.
NOT OK: Check MFWD
fuse.
Turn key switch to ON position.
NOT OK: Inspect and
LOOK: Fuel gauge must move to indicate correct fuel level reading.
repair bulb. Go to Repair
Manual.
LISTEN: Accessory relay click must be heard when key is turned on.

LOOK: Front wheel drive indicator light (if equipped) must be ON.

LOOK: Hour meter must not be turning.


1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=63
Operational Checkout Procedure

Start Circuit Check OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: If starting motor


turns slowly, turn steering
wheel left and right while
cranking engine. If
9005
starting speed increases,
10
check hydraulic pump
4
T7394BH UN10DEC90 T103007 UN30OCT98 destroke solenoid wiring.
(S.N. 872256) (S.N. 872257) Go to Section 9015
Starting Circuit Checks,
Apply park brake. Hydraulic Pump Destroke
Solenoid.
Move FNR/range lever to neutral position and turn key to
START position. NOT OK: If engine turns
but does not start, check
LOOK: During engine cranking, all eight indicator lights fuel shutoff fuse.
must be on. On Machines S.N. 872256 SERVICE
REQUIRED INDICATOR light must light and STOP must NOT OK: Check fuel
flash . On Machines S.N. 872257 SERVICE supply.
T7447AH UN04JAN91
REQUIRED INDICATOR light and STOP must be on.
NOT OK: If starting motor
LISTEN: Starting motor must operate and engine must does not operate, check
FNR fuse and start relay
start.
fuse.
NOTE: It is normal for stop indicator and park brake light
to come ON as engine slows, but must go OFF when NOT OK: Go to Section
engine has stopped. 9015Starting Circuit.

Turn key switch to OFF position.

1/1

Monitor Indicator Light OK: Go to next check.


and Alarm Check
NOT OK: Check monitor
fuse.

NOT OK: Check logic


module fuse. Go to
Section 9015 Gauges and
T7394BH UN10DEC90 T103007 UN30OCT98 Monitor ChecksDisplay
(S.N. 872256) (S.N. 872257) Monitor Check.

Turn key switch to BULB CHECK position. NOT OK: If motor starts
and bulb check position is
OK, key switch failed or
LOOK: On machines S.N. 872256 all monitor indicators and SERVICE REQUIRED
INDICATOR light must be on, STOP must flash and alarm must "BEEP". On machines there is a short in the
S.N. 872257 all monitor indicators , SERVICE REQUIRED INDICATOR light and wiring. Go to Section
STOP must be on, and alarm must "BEEP". 9015 Key Switch Test.

LISTEN: Starting motor must NOT operate.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=64
Operational Checkout Procedure

Monitor Indicator Light OK: Go to next check.


Check
NOT OK: Park Brake and
Engine Oil Indicator lights
stay on for 3 to 5
seconds after key switch
9005
is OFF.
10
5
T103007 UN30OCT98
NOT OK: Check for
T7394BH UN10DEC90
(S.N. 872257) "open" in Charging
(S.N. 872256)
Circuit. Go to Section
Turn key switch to OFF position. 9015Charging Circuit
Check.
LOOK: All lights must go out.
NOT OK: If Park Brake
Engine Oil and Alternator
Indicators stay on, check
for open in
monitor/charging section.

NOT OK: Go to Section


9015Starting Circuit
Checks.
1/1

Engine Low Oil Pressure NOT OK: No engine low


and Alternator Low pressure indicator light.
Voltage Indicator Light Check sender to wiring
Check connection. Go to Section
9015 Gauge and Monitor
ChecksMonitor Red
Light and Alarm Priority
Check.
T7394BH UN10DEC90 T103007 UN30OCT98
(S.N. 872256) (S.N. 872257) NOT OK: No alternator
low voltage indicator light.
Turn key switch to BULB CHECK position then back to ON position. Check wiring to bulb by
unplugging tachometer
LOOK: Only engine low oil pressure and alternator low voltage indicators must be on. connector at alternator.
On machines S.N. 872256 STOP light must flash, seat belt light must be on and Alternator light will come
alarm must "BEEP". On machines S.N. 872257 STOP and seat belt lights must be ON.
on and alarm must "BEEP"

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=65
Operational Checkout Procedure

FNR/Range Lever Check OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: See Section 16


of Repair Manual.

9005
10
6
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Move the FNR/range lever to forward, reverse, then neutral position.

Twist range handle on FNR lever.

FEEL: Can detents be felt in forward, neutral and reverse?

Can four gear ranges be felt when twisting range handle?

LOOK: FNR/range lever must align with neutral position to quadrant when in neutral
(center) detent position.

LOOK: Does pointer on range handle line up wtih correct gear number on FNR/range
handle?
1/1

FNR/Range Lever Neutral OK: Go to next check.


Start Switch and Reverse
Warning Alarm Check NOT OK: If motor turns,
check neutral start relay
and FNR switch. Go to
Repair Manual.

NOT OK: No reverse


T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91
warning alarm, inspect
FNR switch and reverse
NOTE: On machines with S.N. 872256, neutral start switch is part of FNR circuit and warning alarm relay.
is not on transmission spool. Reverse warning alarm is powered by FNR switch and
reverse relay. NOT OK: Inspect wiring
to alarm. Go to Section
Put transmission in neutral. 9015, Reverse Warning
Alarm Circuit.
Move FNR/range lever to forward position and turn key to START position.

Move FNR/range lever to reverse position and turn key to START position.

LISTEN: Starting motor must NOT operate.

LISTEN: Reverse warning alarm must sound when FNR/range lever is in reverse
position.

1/1

Gauge and Indicators Check With Engine On

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=66
Operational Checkout Procedure

Park Brake Indicator and IMPORTANT: If engine low oil pressure indicator light stays ON, stop engine OK: Go to next step in
Tachometer/Hour Meter immediately and check oil level. this check.
Circuit Check
NOT OK: If engine low oil
pressure indicator light
stays on, stop engine
9005
immediately and check oil
10
level. Go to Group
7
9010-Diagnose Engine
Malfunctions, Low Oil
Pressure.
T7447AH UN04JAN91 T7394BH UN10DEC90
(S.N. 872256) NOT OK: If alternator
indicator light is on,
increase engine speed to
1200 rpm and alternator
light must go out. Go to
Section 9015 Charging
Circuit Checks.

NOT OK: If no park brake


light, go to Group 9015
Park Brake Circuit
T103007 UN30OCT98
Checks.
(S.N. 872257)

Apply park brake.

Put FNR/range lever in neutral position.

Move FNR/range lever to 1st gear position.

LOOK: On units S.N. 872256 park brake indicator and STOP indicator lights must be
on and flashing, all other lights must go out. On units S.N. 872257 park brake
indicator and STOP indicator lights must be on, all other lights must go out. Alarm
must "BEEP".

1/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=67
Operational Checkout Procedure

NOTE: Hour meter turns very slowly (one tenth hour every six minutes). OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: If no hour


meter or tachometer
movement, go to Section
9015 Gauges and Monitor
9005
ChecksTachometer and
10
Hour Meter Checks.
8
NOT OK: If park brake
T7860AD UN06OCT92
light stays ON, go to
T7394BH UN10DEC90
Section 9015Park
(S.N. 872256)
Brake Circuit Checks.

T103007 UN30OCT98
(S.N. 872257)

LOOK: Hour meter indicator (A) must rotate every 3 seconds.

LOOK: Tachometer must indicate rpm.

Release park brake.

LOOK: Park brake indicator and STOP light must go out. Alarm must stop "BEEPING".
19 2/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=68
Operational Checkout Procedure

Engine Speed Control OK: Go to next check.


Lever Linkage Check
NOT OK: Tighten friction
lock. Go to Group
9010-20 Speed Control
Lever Tension.
9005
10
NOT OK: Check injection
9
T7447AH UN04JAN91 T7367AE UN17SEP90
pump override linkage.
Go to Group 9010-20
Apply park brake. Engine Speed Control
Linkage.
Move FNR/range lever to neutral.

Operate engine at slow idle.

Make note of rpm on tachometer.

Move speed control lever to fast idle position.

LOOK: Speed control lever must remain at selected position.

LOOK: Tachometer must read:

(S.N. 830204)

850 50 rpm slow idle


2375 50 rpm fast idle.

(S.N. 830205)

900 25 rpm slow idle


2375 25 rpm fast idle

1/1

Engine Speed Control Depress speed control pedal. OK: Go to next check.
Pedal Linkage Check
LISTEN: Engine speed must be the same as with speed NOT OK: Adjust Speed
control lever in fast idle position. Control Linkage Override.
Go to Group 9010-20
Engine Speed Control
Linkage.

T6171AF UN09DEC88

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-9 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=69
Operational Checkout Procedure

Start Aid Check (If Operate engine at slow idle. OK: Go to next check.
Equipped)
Push start aid button once. NOT OK: Check can
contents by shaking.
LISTEN: Engine speed must increase then return to slow idle.
NOT OK: Check fuse. Go
9005
to Section 9015Start
10
Aid Check.
10

1/1

Brake System Check

1/1

Service Brake System Start engine. OK: Continue check.


Check
Unlock brake pedals. NOT OK: Excessive
leakage in brake system.
Set engine at 1200 rpm. Inspect brake valve. Go
to Repair Manual.
Move FNR/range lever to 2nd gear.

T6171AH UN09DEC88
After machine has moved for 3 seconds, depress and
hold left brake pedal.

Repeat procedure for right brake pedal.

FEEL: Brake should stop tire rotation.

LOOK: Machine should pull to the side that the brake


pedal is depressed.

1/1

Service Brake Park machine on inclined surface. OK: Go to next step.


Equilization Check (SN Lock service brake pedals together.
872256 ) NOT OK: Do Service
Park brake OFF. Brake and Pedal
Adjustment, Group
Allow machine to coast forward. 9025-20.

Slowly apply service brakes to stop machine. NOT OK: Do Service


T6171AI UN09DEC88
Brake Valve Test, Group
LOOK: Does front of machine pull to either left or right 9025-25.
when service brakes are applied?

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-10 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=70
Operational Checkout Procedure

Service Brake Retraction Park machine on inclined surface. OK: Go to next check.
Check Lock service brakes together.
NOT OK: Do Service
Park brake OFF. Brake and Pedal
Adjustment, Group
Shift FNR/range lever to neutral. 9025-20.
9005
10
Release service brakes. NOT OK: Do Service
11
Brake Valve Test, Group
T6171AI UN09DEC88
LOOK: Does front of machine pull to the side when 9025-25.
service brakes are released?

1/1

Service Brake Pressure NOTE: Axles and hydraulic oil must be at operating temperature. OK: Go to next check.
Indicator And Brake
Accumulator Precharge NOT OK: If fewer than 7
(S.N 872257) brake pedal applications
are required to turn brake
pressure indicator ON,
accumulator charge
pressure may be low. Go
to Brake Accumulator
T103007 UN30OCT98
Precharge Test in Group
T6171AH UN09DEC88
9025-25.

Stop engine. NOT OK: If brake oil


pressure indicator does
Key switch ON. DO NOT start engine. Press right brake pedal and record number of not come ON, check
applications until brake pressure indicator comes ON. service brake pressure
indicator in Group
LOOK: Are at least 6 brake pedal applications needed before brake pressure indicator 9015-15.
comes ON?

Repeat procedure for left brake pedal.

1/1

Pedal Stop Check Stop engine. OK: Go to next step in


this check.
Release pedal latch.
NOT OK: Brake return
Depress and release each brake pedal. passage may be closed.
Inspect valve. Go to
LOOK: Brake pedals must move freely and return to the Repair Manual.
up position. Both pedals must be even with each other in
T6171AH UN09DEC88
the up position.

Lift each pedal. OK: Go to next check.

FEEL: (SN 872256) Pedals must have approximately 6 NOT OK: Adjust brake
mm (0.25 in.) free-travel above the rest position. light switches to get
free-travel. For (S.N.
(SN 872257 ) Pedals must have no free-travel above 872256) go to Repair
the rest position. Manual. For (SN
872257 ) go to Service
T6171AG UN09DEC88
Brake Valve and Pedal
Adjustment in Group
9020.25 .

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=71
Operational Checkout Procedure

Brake System Leakage Start engine and run for 10 seconds. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Unlock brake pedals. NOT OK: Excessive
leakage in brake system.
Run engine at slow idle. Depress and hold right brake Go to Group 9025-25
pedal. Brake Valve Leakage
9005
Test.
10
Release brake pedal.
12
NOT OK: Inspect horn,
T6171AH UN09DEC88
LISTEN/LOOK: Engine speed will not decrease as pedal brake, light fuse.
is depressed.
OK: Go to Section
LISTEN: There must NOT be any noticeable engine 9015Lighting Circuit.
speed change when pedal is released or depressed.

LOOK: Rear brake light must come "on" when either


pedal is depressed.

Repeat for left pedal.

1/1

Brake Pedal Latch Check Latch the brake pedals together. OK: Go to next check.

Kick each brake pedal three times. NOT OK: Repair latch.

LOOK: Latch must move freely and stay in desired


position.

T6171AI UN09DEC88

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=72
Operational Checkout Procedure

Park Brake Check OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: Adjust park


brake. Go to Group
9025-20 on machines
with (S.N. 872256).
9005
10
13
T7860AF UN26OCT92
(S.N. 872256)

T103007 UN30OCT98
(S.N. 872257)

CAUTION: Prevent possible injury from unexpected machine movement.


Fasten seat belt before doing this check.

Fasten seat belt.

Start machine on dry hard pavement.

Disengage MFWD (if equipped). Raise loader bucket to transport height, stabilizers
fully up, and backhoe off the ground.

Move the park brake switch (B) to the OFF position.

Move the FNR/range lever to 2nd gear, forward position.

Operate engine at 1000 rpm and drive approximately 7 m (20 ft) before moving the
park brake switch to the "ON" position.

LOOK: The machine must stop within 2 m (6 ft).

LOOK: On machines with S.N. 872256, park brake switch light (B) will be ON. On
machines with S.N. 872257, park brake indicator in monitor will be on.

FEEL: Transmission must shift into neutral.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=73
Operational Checkout Procedure

Brake Drag Check Engine on. OK: Go to next check.

Position machine on a gradual grade with front of NOT OK: Brakes


machine downhill. dragging. Go to Group
9025-25, Service Brake
Lift buckets so they clear ground. Valve Pressure Test.
9005
10
Shift FNR/range lever to neutral, differential lock pedal
14
up, disengage park brake and release service brakes.
T6171AL UN09DEC88

LOOK: Machine must move freely down slope.

CAUTION: Prevent possible injury from


machine unexpected movement. Apply park
brake, lower equipment, shut engine off, and
block wheels before servicing machine.

1/1

Steering System Check

1/1

Steering System Operate engine at approximately 1000 rpm. OK: Go to next check.
Operational Check
Turn steering wheel from full left to full right several times. NOT OK: Check
hydraulic oil level.
LOOK: Front wheels must move smoothly in both directions.
NOT OK: Check Steering
LOOK: When steering wheel is stopped, front wheels must stop moving. System Leakage. Go to
Group 9025-25.
NOTE: Internal leakage or sticking steering valve spool can cause wheels to continue
to move after steering wheel is stopped.

1/1

Steering System Leakage NOTE: Hydraulic oil must be at operating temperature for this test. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Run engine at approximately 1000 rpm. Turn steering wheel until wheels are against NOT OK: Go to Steering
stop. Continue turning steering wheel, using approximately 11.3 Nm (100 lb-in.) force. System Leakage Test in
Group 9025-25.
Repeat leakage check turning steering wheel to the left.
NOT OK: Repair steering
LOOK: Steering wheel should turn approximately 5 rpm, left or right. cylinder. Go to Repair
Manual.
NOTE: Use good judgment. Excessive steering wheel rpm does not mean steering
performance will be affected. NOT OK: Repair steering
valve. Go to Repair
Manual.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=74
Operational Checkout Procedure

Steering Priority Valve Operate engine at slow idle. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Turn steering wheel left to right and note effort needed NOT OK: If steering
to turn wheel. wheel effort is more or
wheel will not turn as
Operate the loader raise function and turn steering wheel hydraulic function is
9005
at the same time. Note effort needed to turn the steering activated, a problem is
10
wheel. indicated in steering
15
priority valve. Go to
T6295AC UN19OCT88
FEEL: Effort to turn steering wheel must NOT increase Steering Valve Pressure
when turning the wheel while a hydraulic function is check.
activated.

1/1

Steering Priority Valve Put front wheels on dirt or gravel. OK: Go to next check.
Pressure Check
Raise rear of machine so tires are just off ground using NOT OK: If front wheels
stabilizers. do not turn in either
direction, pressure setting
Operate engine at approximately 1000 rpm. is too low. Go to Group
9025-25 Priority Valve
Starting with front wheels in the straight ahead position, Test.
T6295AC UN19OCT88
turn steering wheel to the left and right while raising
loader.

LOOK: Wheels must turn to the left and to the right while
loader is being raised.

1/1

Transmission Neutral Disconnect Circuit Check

1/1

Clutch Disconnect Check OK: Go to next check.


CAUTION: Machine should try to move forward as clutch is applied.
NOT OK: Go to Section
Release park brake. 9015 Neutral Disconnect
Circuit or FNR/Park Brake
Apply and hold service brakes. Circuit.

Start engine, set engine speed at approximately 1200


rpm.

Put transmission in 2nd gear.


T7447AG UN04JAN91
Shift FNR/range lever to forward position.

Press loader lever switch on loader control and note


sound of engine.

LISTEN: When FNR/range lever is shifted to forward, a


noticeable drop in engine speed should be heard.

LISTEN: Engine rpm must increase when the loader


lever switch is pressed.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-15 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=75
Operational Checkout Procedure

Driving Check (MFWD Disengaged If Equipped)

9005 1/1
10
16
Transmission Warm-Up OK: Go to next check.
Procedure CAUTION: Machine will try to move forward during this procedure. Use
service brakes plus park brake to hold machine stationary. NOT OK: Repeat
warm-up procedure.
IMPORTANT: Transmission oil must be at correct level and operating
temperature.

Start engine.

Release park brake.

Latch service brakes together and hold during torque


converter stalls.

Move FNR/range lever to forward position.


T7447AG UN04JAN91
Put transmission in 4th gear.

IMPORTANT: Limit stalls to 30 seconds to prevent


localized overheating of torque converter.

Increase engine speed to fast idle and stall torque


converter for 30 seconds. Move FNR/range lever to
neutral position for 15 seconds to let temperature
stabilize.

Repeat stall four times to bring transmission to operating


temperature.

NOTE: Cold ambient temperatures will require more


stalls to get transmission to operating temperature. If
transmission oil temperature light comes ON during
procedure, stop stall procedure and put FNR/range lever
in neutral.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-16 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=76
Operational Checkout Procedure

Transmission Shift Position machine on hard level surface. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Run engine at approximately 1500 rpm. NOT OK: No
corresponding change in
Shift transmission into all of the 4 forward and 2 reverse speeds, driving a short speed of machine or
distance in each speed. wrong speed when a shift
9005
is made may be caused
10
FEEL: FNR/range lever must move freely into each speed. On machines with S.N. by a stuck shift spool in
17
872256, there must be 4 forward and 2 reverse speeds. On machines with S.N. transmission control
872257, there must be 4 forward and 3 reverse speeds. valve, or a failed O-ring
on solenoid valve. Go to
LOOK: The FNR/range lever must stop at each detent. Repair Manual.

LISTEN: Excessive gear and transmission noise must not be heard in any gear. NOT OK: Excessive
engine pull-down when
NOTE: When shifting to 3rd and 4th, it is normal for torque converter to slip but shift is made may be
machine must not stop. caused by "drag" in
transmission clutch or
brake element. Go to
Brake Drag Check in this
section.

NOT OK: When a shift is


made and machine does
not move or stops,
internal leakage is
indicated. A transmission
pressure test is needed to
verify. Go to Group
9020-25 Transmission
System Pressure Test.

1/1

Front Wheel (Toe-In) Drive machine in 4th forward on a surface with loose OK: Go to the next
Alignment Check material such as gravel. check.

LOOK: Material behind front tires must not be thrown NOT OK: If material is
excessively inward or outward. thrown, excessive tire
wear will result. Go to
Group 9020-20Adjust
Toe-In.
T6264AI UN22OCT91

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-17 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=77
Operational Checkout Procedure

Engine and Position machine with loader bucket at ground level against a dirt bank or immovable OK: Go to next check.
Transmission Check object.
NOT OK: If engine stalls,
Shift transmission into 1st gear. check if fuel supply
shut-off is closed. Check
Apply differential lock. for restricted fuel or air
9005
filters. Go to Group
10
Move FNR/range lever to forward position. Increase engine speed to fast idle. 9010-10 Engine Power
18
Check.
LOOK: Engine must NOT stall.
NOT OK: If the wheels
LOOK: Rear wheels must NOT stall. can be easily stalled, go
to Group 9020-10 Engine
NOTE: This test will give a general indication of engine and transmission performance. and Transmission Check.

If loader bucket is positioned above the centerline of front axle and ground conditions
are soft, the engine can be stalled due to the weight transferred to rear wheels and
tractive conditions. The preceding situations should not be confused with low engine
power.

1/1

Lo-Range Forward OK: Drag is indicated in


Clutch Pack Drag Check the lo-range forward
clutch pack. Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Power Train Malfunctions.

NOT OK: Go to next


check.
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.


T6264AM UN19OCT88

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in forward gears


1-3, but not in 4th forward or any reverse gears?
1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-18 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=78
Operational Checkout Procedure

High-Range Forward OK: Drag is indicated in


Clutch Pack Drag Check the high-range forward
clutch pack. Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Power Train Malfunctions.
9005
NOT OK: Go to next
10
check.
19
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

T6264AM UN19OCT88
Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in 4th forward, but


not in 1st-3rd forward or any reverse gears?
1/1

Reverse Clutch Pack OK: Drag is indicated in


Drag Check the reverse clutch pack.
Go to group 9020-15B,
Diagnose Power Train
Malfunctions.

NOT OK: Go to next


check.
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.


T6264AM UN19OCT88

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in all reverse


gears, but not in any forward gears?
1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-19 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=79
Operational Checkout Procedure

1st Speed Clutch Pack OK: Drag is indicated in


Drag Check the 1st speed clutch
pack. Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Power Train Malfunctions.
9005
NOT OK: Go to next
10
check.
20
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

T6264AM UN19OCT88
Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in 1st forward and


1st reverse gears, but not in any other gears?
1/1

2nd Speed Clutch Pack OK: Drag is indicated in


Drag Check the 2nd speed clutch
pack. Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Power Train Malfunctions.

NOT OK: Go to next


check.
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.


T6264AM UN19OCT88

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in 2nd forward and


2nd reverse gears, but not in any other gears?
1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-20 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=80
Operational Checkout Procedure

3rd Speed Clutch Pack OK: Drag is indicated in


Drag Check the 3rd speed clutch
pack. Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Power Train Malfunctions.
9005
NOT OK: Go to next
10
check.
21
T7447AG UN04JAN91 T7447AI UN04JAN91 T7447AH UN04JAN91

Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers.

MFWD OFF.

Park Brake OFF.

Engine speed at slow idle.

T6264AM UN19OCT88
Operate machine in all speeds forward and reverse.

Do rear wheels turn at correct speed in 3rd & 4th


forward and 3rd reverse gears, but not in any other
gears?

1/1

Transmission Shift Raise rear of machine off ground using stabilizers. OK: Go to next check.
Modulation Check
MFWD OFF. NOT OK: Go to group
9020-15B, Diagnose
Park Brake OFF. Power Train Malfunctions.

Engine speed at 1500 rpm.

T6264AM UN19OCT88
Shift machine from neutral to 1st forward.

Twist FNR lever handle to shift from 1st forward to 2nd


forward.

Continue to twist FNR lever handle until 4th forward.


Allow machine to come up to speed before making each
sequentionial shift.

Repeat for reverse.

Does machine shift smoothly with no clunking or jerking


of power train?

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-21 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=81
Operational Checkout Procedure

B3, C2 Accumulator Perform this check on dirt or loose gravel surface. OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 872256)
Operate machine at approximately 1500 rpm in 1st gear NOT OK: Too aggressive
forward. shifts or "clunk" sound.
Check accumulator
Shift to 2nd gear and observe rear tires. piston. Go to Repair
9005
Manual.
10
LOOK: Rear wheels must not spin (lose traction) as
22
machine comes up to speed. NOT OK: Slow shifts,
T6908BF UN07APR89
check oil level. Replace
FEEL: Unit must not "jerk" aggressively during this shift. transmission or inspect
suction screen. Go to
NOTE: A "clunk" sound will be heard if shift is too Repair Manual.
aggressive.

1/1

C1, B1, B2 Accumulator Operate machine on hard surface such as compacted OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 872256) clay or road.
NOT OK: Slow shifts can
Operate machine at approximately 1500 rpm in 2nd be caused by low oil level
forward. or restricted filter. Repair
as required. Do
Make several forward to reverse shifts. Count the Transmission Drag
number of seconds (one thousand oneone thousand Checks in this group.
T6908BF UN07APR89
two, etc.) required for machine to change direction and
get up to speed. NOT OK: Too fast shifts
or "clunk" sound. Inspect
LOOK/FEEL: Machine must change direction within 1-1/2 accumulator piston. Go to
seconds and be up to speed in 3 seconds. Repair Manual.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-22 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=82
Operational Checkout Procedure

C1 Clutch, B1, B2 Brake OK: Go to next check.


Drag Check (S.N.
872256) NOT OK: If wheels
continue to move but at a
slower speed, B2 is
dragging.
9005
10
NOT OK: If wheels
23
T6295AD UN19OCT88 T7447AH UN04JAN91
continue to move but at a
faster speed, C1 is
Raise wheels off ground with stabilizers and loader bucket. dragging.

Release park brake. NOT OK: If wheels


continue to move but in a
Shift transmission to 2nd forward. reverse direction at same
speed, B1 is dragging.
Adjust engine speed to 1000 rpm.
NOT OK: "Drag" causes
Move FNR/range lever to neutral position. rpm to drop excessively.
Inspect transmission. Go
LOOK: Both rear wheels must stop. to Repair Manual.

NOTE: If wheels turn, apply service brakes until wheels stop and note change in rpm
on tachometer.

If depressing brake pedal causes rpm to drop enough that difference can be seen on
tachometer (15 rpm), it indicates warped disks in that pack. Lube oil does not affect
these "drag" checks because they are done at operating temperature and at slow idle.
If "drag" is caused by lube oil within the transmission clutches and brakes, "drag" will
increase when oil is cold. When engine speed is increased to 1500 rpm or higher,
"drag" is reduced because lube relief valve opens and returns excessive cold oil to
sump. It is normal for wheels to "creep" with cold oil as engine speed is increased but
to stop moving at speeds above 2000 rpm. If "drag" is caused by warped clutch or
brake disks or plates, "drag" will be seen at any oil temperature and will increase
proportionally as engine speed is increased.

1/1

C2 Clutch, B3 Brake Raise wheels off ground with stabilizers and loader OK: Go to next check.
Drag Check (S.N. bucket.
872256) NOT OK: Engine speed
Release park brake. drops, C2 is dragging.
Repair transmission, go
Shift transmission to 1st forward. to Repair Manual.

Adjust engine speed to 1000 rpm per tachometer. NOT OK: Engine speed
T6295AD UN19OCT88
increases, B3 is dragging.
Shift transmission to 2nd forward. Repair transmission, go
to Repair Manual.
LOOK: Wheels must increase in speed but engine rpm
must return to 1000 rpm.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-23 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=83
Operational Checkout Procedure

Differential Lock Check Raise wheels off ground with stabilizers and loader OK: Go to next check.
bucket.
NOT OK: If one wheel
Unlock brake pedals. Turn MFWD switch (if equipped) stops, on machines with
off. S.N. 872256, go to
Differential Lock Pressure
9005
Operate machine at approximately 1500 rpm in 1st Test in Group 9025-25.
10
forward. On machines with S.N.
24
872257, go to
T6295AD UN19OCT88
Depress differential lock pedal or switch. Differential Lock Pressure
Test in Group 9020-25.
Apply one brake pedal until engine rpm drops.
NOT OK: If engine rpm is
LOOK/FEEL: Both wheels must turn at same speed. reduced and stays down
while only differential lock
Release differential lock pedal or switch. is depressed, excessive
leakage is indicated. For
LOOK: Pedal or switch must return to up position and machines with S.N.
engine speed must return to 1500 rpm. 872256 go to Differential
Lock Leakage Test in
Release brake pedal and move transmission control Group 9025-25. For
levers to neutral. machines with S.N.
872257 go to
Reduce engine speed to slow idle. Differential Lock Leakage
Test in Group 9020-25.
Depress differential lock pedal or switch and note engine
rpm change.

LOOK/LISTEN: Must hear/see only slight decrease in


engine rpm as the pedal is depressed.

1/1

Differential Gear and NOTE: Hold the wheel being braked stationary during OK: Go to next check.
Pinion Noise Check this check or brake chatter could be confused with
differential gear noise. NOT OK: If wheels do
not turn at same speed,
Raise wheels off ground with stabilizers and loader brake drag is indicated.
bucket. Go to Brake Drag Check
in Group 9025-10.
Operate engine at approximately 1500 rpm in 1st gear
T6295AD UN19OCT88
forward. NOT OK: Excessive
noise. Check differential
LOOK: Both wheels must turn at same speed. oil level. Inspect pinion
assembly, go to CTM43
Depress right brake pedal until wheel stops. Observe left for machines S.N.
wheel. 872256. On machines
with S.N. 872257, see
LOOK: Wheel being braked must stop and opposite Group 0200 in the Repair
wheel must increase in speed. Manual.

Release right brake and depress left brake pedal until


wheel stops. Observe right wheel.

LOOK: Wheel being braked must stop and opposite


wheel must increase in speed.

LISTEN: No excessive gear noise must be heard in the


differential or pinion gears.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-24 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=84
Operational Checkout Procedure

Driving Check for Mechanical Front Wheel Drive (MFWD)

1/1 9005
10
25
MFWD Clutch Drag Raise machine off ground with stabilizers and loader OK: Go to next check.
Check bucket.
NOT OK: If light is on,
Shift transmission to 2nd gear and FNR/range lever to check fuse. Go to Group
forward position. 9020-25 MFWD Clutch
Pressure Test.
Run engine speed at 1000 rpm.
NOT OK: If rear wheels
T6264AM UN19OCT88
Check that MFWD control is disengaged (switch up/light stop, MFWD control valve
off). problem or clutch "drag"
is indicated. Repeat
Lower front wheels to ground and raise bucket above check using 1st gear.
ground.
NOT OK: If front wheels
LOOK: MFWD indicator light must be off. turn, or rear wheels stall,
MFWD solenoid valve
LOOK: Front wheels may turn while wheels are off problem is indicated. Go
ground but must stop when lowered to ground. Rear to Group 9020-25 MFWD
wheels must continue to turn. Clutch Pressure Test.

NOT OK: If front wheels


remain stopped, MFWD
clutch "drag" is indicated.
Go to Repair Manual.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-25 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=85
Operational Checkout Procedure

MFWD Limited-Slip OK: Go to next check.


Differential and Solenoid
Valve Check NOT OK: If tires do not
attempt to slide sideways
and tire scuffing is not
seen with MFWD applied.
9005
Go to Group 9020-25
10
MFWD Clutch Pressure
26
Test.
T7860AA9 UN13NOV92
(S.N. 872256)
NOT OK: Repair
limited-slip in MFWD
differential. Go to Repair
Manual.

NOT OK: If light stays on,


inspect fuse. Go to
Section 9015 MFWD
Circuit Test.

T118248 UN03NOV98
(S.N. 872257)

Shift transmission to 1st reverse.

Apply MFWD and drive machine.

Run engine at approximately 1200 rpm.

Turn steering wheel for a full left or right turn and observe the front tires.

LOOK: Observe how the front tires attempt to slide sideways (side load) and the
amount of tire scuffing. MFWD indicator lights must be on.

Disengage MFWD switch.

LOOK: Tire side loading and scuffing must stop when MFWD is disengaged.

LOOK: MFWD indicator light (A) in switch must be off.

NOTE: If tires attempt to slide sideways and tire scuffing is seen with MFWD applied,
limited-slip differential is working and power is being transmitted to MFWD.

1/1

MFWD Gear and Pinion Drive machine at transport speed with MFWD applied, then disengaged. OK: Go to next check.
Noise Check
LISTEN: MFWD must NOT "whine" when disengaged. NOT OK: If MFWD
"whines", check oil levels
and fill to specification.

NOT OK: Check


backlash. Go to Repair
Manual.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-26 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=86
Operational Checkout Procedure

Hydraulic System Check

1/1 9005
10
27
Hydraulic Pump OK: Go to next check.
Performance Check
NOT OK: If boom down
relief does not load
engine, check main pump
stand-by pressure. Go to
Group 9025-25.

T6295AH UN19OCT88
NOT OK: Go to Group
9025-25, Backhoe Relief
NOTE: If hydraulic oil is not at operating temperature, heat hydraulic oil until loader Valve Test.
and backhoe cylinders feel warm to touch using following procedure:
NOT OK: If cycle times
Cover front of radiator to stop air flow. are slow, check hydraulic
charge system. Go to
Activate backhoe boom down function and run engine at 2000 rpm. Group 9025-25 Surge
Relief Pressure Test and
NOTE: Activating boom down may load engine, boom down relief valve is set too high Charge Pressure Test.
or hydraulic pump stand-by pressure too low.
NOT OK: Go to Group
Operate all functions periodically to distribute heated oil to all cylinders. 9025-25 Hydraulic Pump
Flow Test.
Lower stabilizers.

Put backhoe at maximum reach with bucket fully dumped at ground level.

Run engine at 2000 rpm.

Measure cycle time by simulating loading the bucket, retracting the dipperstick and
raising the boom to the boom cylinder cushion. Do not time boom cylinder through
cushion.

LOOK/LISTEN: Boom down must reduce engine rpm.

NOTE: Take the average cycle time for at least three complete cycles. This average
cycle time will give a general indication of hydraulic pump performance.

LOOK: The maximum cycle time is 11.5 seconds.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-27 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=87
Operational Checkout Procedure

Hydraulic System Charge Raise machine with stabilizers until wheels are 150 mm OK: Go to next check.
and Return System (6.0 in.) off ground.
Check NOT OK: Check charge
Fully extend dipperstick, putting bucket in loaded position pump pressure. Test
and lower boom until dipperstick is 45 to the ground. hydraulic charge system.
Go to Group 9025-25
9005
Slowly retract dipperstick. Bucket must clear ground. Surge Relief Pressure
10
Test.
28
Fully extend dipperstick.
T118265 UN05NOV98
NOT OK: Check charge
Run engine at 1200 rpm. pump flow. Go to Group
9025-25 Charge Pump
Retract dipperstick while holding control valve fully open. Flow Test.

LOOK: Dipperstick can slow down, but must NOT stop


moving during test.

1/1

Hydraulic Control Valve Raise loader until bucket is 1 m (3 ft) off ground with the bucket level. OK: Go to next check.
Lift Check Test
Position backhoe at maximum reach with bottom of bucket level with ground, 1 m (3 ft) NOT OK: If a function
off ground. cylinder moves, problem
could be a leak in
Stop the engine. cylinder in lift check.
Inspect and repair lift
Activate each function one at a time: check. Go to Repair
Manual.
Loader boom raise
Loader bucket rollback
Backhoe boom up
Dipperstick extend
Backhoe bucket dump

LOOK: These functions must NOT move when the control lever is activated.

NOTE: It is normal for a function to jump upward but must not lower.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-28 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=88
Operational Checkout Procedure

Backhoe Circuit Leakage Put backhoe in transport position and set boom and OK: Go to next step in
Checks swing lock. this check.

Retract extendible dipperstick (if equipped). NOT OK: Check boom


down relief valve
Raise stabilizers to full down position. pressure setting. Go to
9005
Group 9025-25.
10
Run engine at slow idle.
29
NOT OK: Continue
T118265 UN05NOV98
Fully activate functions one at a time: check.

Boom up
Bucket load
Dipperstick retract
Extendible dipperstick retract (if equipped)

LISTEN: When these functions are activated, NO


decrease in engine rpm must be noted.

Fully activate functions one at a time:

Boom down
Swing left, then right

LISTEN: Boom down may cause rpm to decrease since


relief valve setting is below standby pressure.

LOOK/LISTEN: Swing left and right may cause rpm to


decrease slightly because relief valve setting is close to
standby pressure.

NOTE: If boom down does not decrease engine rpm,


check main pump standby pressure.

Pressure seal passages are used in boom valve and


leakage return passages are used in swing valve. When
boom down or swing functions are bottomed and control
valves are "metered", rpm will decrease and leakage
within circuit will be apparent. This is normal.

1/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-29 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=89
Operational Checkout Procedure

Raise stabilizer to maximum up position, extend OK: Go to next check.


dipperstick to maximum reach, extend extendible
dipperstick (if equipped) and put bucket in dump position NOT OK: If rpm
1 m (3 ft) off ground. decreases with a function
bottomed and control
Fully activate functions, one at a time: valve fully open, a leak is
9005
indicated in the circuit.
10
Extend dipperstick
30
Extend extendible dipperstick (if equipped) NOT OK: If rpm
T6295AF UN17APR89
Bucket dump increases when a function
is bottomed and control
LISTEN: When these functions are activated, NO valve is fully open, a
decrease in engine rpm must be noted. neutral leak is indicated.

NOT OK: An rpm


decrease with a function
bottomed in both
directions is normally due
to cylinder leakage. An
rpm decrease in one
direction is normally
caused by a circuit relief
valve leakage. Go to
Group 9025-25
Hydraulic Component
Leakage Test.

19 2/2

Loader Circuit Leakage OK: Go to next check.


Check
NOT OK: If rpm
decreases with a function
bottomed and control
lever fully open, a leak is
indicated in the circuit.

T6295AG UN17APR89 T6295AE UN17APR89


NOT OK: If rpm
increases when a function
Raise loader to full height, bucket in dump position. is bottomed and control
valve is fully open, a
neutral leak is indicated.
Run engine at slow idle.

Fully activate functions one at a time: NOT OK: An rpm


decrease with a function
Loader boom up bottomed in both
Bucket dump directions is normally
cylinder leakage. An rpm
Put bucket in rollback position and lower loader to full down position. decrease in one direction
is normally circuit relief
Fully activate functions, one at a time: valve leakage. Go to
Group 9025-25
Hydraulic Component
Loader boom down
Bucket rollback Leakage Test.

LISTEN: When functions are activated, engine rpm must NOT decrease.

NOTE: Leakage return passages are used in boom valve. When boom cylinders are
retracted and valve is "metered", rpm will decrease and leakage within circuit will be
apparent. This is normal.
1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-30 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=90
Operational Checkout Procedure

Cylinder Cushion Check Run engine at slow idle. OK: Go to next check.

Lower stabilizers to the ground. NOT OK: Remove and


repair cylinder cushion.
Lower backhoe boom 45 outward. Go to Repair Manual.
9005
Fully activate functions, one at a time:
10
31
Backhoe swing left and right
Backhoe boom raise
Dipperstick retract

LISTEN: Note sound and speed as cylinders near the end of their stroke.

LOOK: Speed of cylinder rod must decrease near the end of its stroke.

LISTEN: Must hear oil flowing through orifice as cylinder rod nears the end of its
stroke.

1/1

Backhoe and Loader FEEL: Backhoe cylinder must be warm to touch 38 OK: Go to next check.
Function Drift Check 52C (100125F). If cylinders are not warm, heat
hydraulic oil. NOT OK: Use good
judgment in determining if
Raise machine off ground with stabilizers. the amount of drift is
objectionable for the type
Position backhoe bucket at a 45 angle to the ground. of operation that the
Lower boom until bucket cutting edge is 50 mm (2.0 in.) machine is performing.
T6171AQ UN25MAY89
off ground.
NOT OK: Isolate which
Position loader bucket at the same angle and distance function is leaking. Go to
from ground as backhoe bucket. Group 9025-25, Cylinder
Drift Test.
Run engine at slow idle and observe bucket cutting
edges.

LOOK: If bucket cutting edges touch the ground within


one minute, leakage is indicated in the crowd cylinder,
bucket or boom cylinders, or control valves.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-31 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=91
Operational Checkout Procedure

Loader Boom Float and Put loader at maximum height position with bucket OK: Go to next step in
Return-to-Dig Check dumped. this check.

Run engine at approximately 2000 rpm. NOT OK: If lever jumps


out of detent, inspect
Move the loader control lever forward into boom float detent spring and balls.
9005
detent position, and at the same time into bucket Go to repair manual.
10
rollback detent position. Remove hand from control lever.
32
T7440BS UN03JAN91
LOOK: Loader control lever must remain in the boom
float detent position.

LOOK: Loader control lever must disengage from the OK: Go to next step in
bucket rollback detent when the bucket is level. this check.

NOT OK: With bucket


rolled back, compress
switch roller. If a click is
heard, adjust switch till it
is activated on cam. Go
to Group 9025-15.
T6171AT UN09DEC88

LOOK: When the bucket is at ground level, bucket must OK: Go to next check.
be level and the bucket indicator pointer must be aligned
with mark on the boom pivot. NOT OK: Adjust linkage
as necessary. Go to
NOTE: When return-to-dig is used with loader boom in Group 9025-20 Loader
full up position, the bucket leveling linkage will move the Bucket Level Indicator
bucket control valve out of return-to-dig position before and Return-to-Dig
bucket is actually level. Adjustment.
T7374CH UN04OCT90

1/1

Bucket Leveling Linkage NOTE: The loader bucket leveling feature functions during the boom raise cycle only. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Put bucket in the rollback position with the boom near NOT OK: Adjust linkage
the ground level. on the loader control
valve. Go to Group
Raise the loader and at the same time, hold the control 9025-20. Loader Bucket
lever in the bucket rollback position. Level Indicator and
Return-to-Dig Adjustment.
Observe bucket and loader control lever as the loader
rises.
T7374CJ UN05OCT90
LOOK/FEEL: Loader control lever must move into the
bucket dump position and the bucket dump function
must slowly activate. When the loader control lever
moves to activate the bucket dump function, the bucket
position must remain stationary the remainder of the
loader boom raise cycle.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-32 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=92
Operational Checkout Procedure

Heater and Air Conditioning Checks

1/1 9005
10
33
All Lines and Hoses Engine OFF. OK: Check complete.

Inspect all lines and hoses. NOT OK: Reposition


hoses or lines and tighten
Are lines and hoses straight, NOT kinked or worn from rubbing on other machine parts or replace clamps.
or "weather checked"? Tighten fittings or replace
O-rings in fittings.
Are hose and line connections clean NOT showing signs of leakage, such as oil or Replace hoses or lines as
dust accumulation at fittings? required.

All hose and line clamps must be in place and tight. Clamps must have rubber inserts
or cushions in place to prevent clamps from crushing or wearing into hoses or lines?

1/1

Air Conditioner Inspect compressor. OK: Check complete.


Compressor Check
Is compressor drive belt tight? NOT OK: Repair or
replace components as
Is belt in good condition, NOT frayed, worn or glazed? required.

Is compressor belt pulley in good condition, NOT worn or


grooved?
T6488GD UN02SEP93
Are compressor mounting brackets in good condition,
and bracket cap screws tight?

Are electrical connections to compressor clutch clean


and tight? Is wiring to compressor in good condition?

1/1

Condenser Check Engine OFF. OK: Check complete.

Inspect condenser cores. NOT OK: Clean, repair or


replace condenser core.
Is condenser core free of dirt or debris? Replace engine fan.

Does condenser show signs of leakage, dust accumulation or oily areas?

Are condenser fins straight, not bent or damaged?

Inspect engine fan.

Are fan blades in good condition, not worn, bent, broken or missing?

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-33 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=93
Operational Checkout Procedure

Evaporator Check Remove seat and heater/blower cover. OK: Check complete.

Is ice forming on evaporator core? NOT OK: Go to Clutch


Cycle Switch Bench Test
Is fan motor failing or fan blades damaged? in Group 9031-25
9005
Is freeze switch sensing tube properly positioned?
10
34
Is heater temperature balance control misadjusted or damaged?

Is evaporator drain tubes plugged?

1/1

Evaporator Core Check Engine OFF. OK: Check complete.

Inspect core. NOT OK: Repair, replace


or clean evaporator.
Are fins straight?

Is evaporator core free of dirt and debris?

1/1

A/C Freeze Switch Engine OFF. OK: Check complete.


Sensing Tube Check
Inspect A/C freeze switch sensing tube. NOT OK: If sensing tube
is kinked, replace A/C
Is sensing tube straight, NOT kinked or broken? freeze switch.

Is sensing tube inserted into evaporator core and secured in place? NOT OK: If tube is
positioned in evaporator
incorrectly, re-route.

1/1

Expansion Valve Check Is expansion valve outlet line free of frost? OK: Check complete.

Is insulating tape wound tightly around outlet line and is tape in good condition? NOT OK: Go to
Expansion Valve
Operation in Group
9031-05.
1/1

Cab Door and Window Open and close door and windows. Inspect seals. OK: Check complete.
Seals Check
Do door and windows contact seals evenly? NOT OK: Adjust door and
windows to close against
Are seals in position and in good condition? seals properly. Replace
seals as necessary.
1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-34 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=94
Operational Checkout Procedure

Blower Motor Check OK: Check complete.


(S.N. 816286)
NOT OK: See Circuit
Checks in Group
9031-10. Check wiring
harness.
9005
10
35
T7828AW 1930SEP92

Engine OFF.

Key switch ON.

Turn blower switch (A) to LOW, MEDIUM and HIGH.

Does fan have three speeds?

Does air exit from ducts?

1/1

Heater (S.N. 816286) OK: Check complete.

NOT OK: See Circuit


Checks in Group
9031-10. Check wiring
harness.

T7835AW 1930SEP92

Start engine and allow to warm several minutes.

Turn heater temperature switch (A) to maximum heat. Turn blower switch (B) to high
speed.

Does warm air exit from ducts?

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-35 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=95
Operational Checkout Procedure

Air Conditioner (S.N. OK: Check complete.


816286)
NOT OK: See Blower/Air
Conditioning Circuit
Checks in Group
9031-10. See Charging
9005
the system in Group
10
9031-20.
36
T7835AX 1930SEP92

Start engine and run at fast idle.

Turn air conditioner switch (A) to ON position.

Turn blower switch (B) to high speed.

Wait several minutes for any warm air in duct system to escape.

Is air from ducts cool?

1/1

Blower Motor Check OK: Check complete.


(S.N. 816287 )
NOT OK: See Circuit
Checks in Group
9031-10. Check wiring
harness.

T101677 UN28JUN96

Engine OFF. Key switch ON.

Turn blower switch (A) to position 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Does fan have four speeds?

Does air exit from ducts?

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-36 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=96
Operational Checkout Procedure

Heater OK: Check complete.


(S.N. 816287 )
NOT OK: See Circuit
Checks in Group
9031-10. Check wiring
harness.
9005
10
37
T101678 UN28JUN96

Start engine and allow to warm several minutes.

Turn heater temperature switch (A) to maximum heat. Turn blower switch (B) to high
speed.

Does warm air exit from ducts?

1/1

Air Conditioner (S.N. OK: Check complete.


816287 )
NOT OK: See Blower/Air
Conditioning Circuit
Checks in Group
9031-10. See Charging
the system in Group
9031-20.
T101679 UN28JUN96

Start engine and run at fast idle.

Turn air conditioner switch (A) to ON position.

Turn blower switch (B) to high speed.

Wait for any warm air in duct system to dissipate.

Is air from ducts cool?

1/1

Compressor Clutch Engine OFF. Key switch ON. Blower switch on LOW. Air conditioner switch ON. OK: Check complete.
Check
Does compressor clutch "click" as switch is pushed? NOT OK: Replace
compressor clutch.

1/1

Cooling System Checks

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-37 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=97
Operational Checkout Procedure

Radiator Cap, Coolant OK: Check complete.


Level, Coolant Condition CAUTION: DO NOT remove radiator cap unless engine is cool. Turn cap
Checks slowly to stop. Release all pressure before removing cap. NOT OK: If vacuum
release valve is plugged
Open radiator cap. or spring corroded,
replace radiator cap.
9005 LISTEN: If radiator is warmer than air temperature, a "whoosh" must be heard when
10 radiator cap is opened to first stop position. NOT OK: If coolant is oily
38
or foamy, go to Oil in
FEEL: The radiator cap must have a stop position and must be pushed down to turn to Coolant or Coolant in Oil
remove. in this section.

Inspect coolant level and coolant condition. NOT OK: If rust is in


coolant, drain, flush and
LOOK: The radiator cap must have a good seal and gasket. The seal must move replace coolant. Go to
freely and the spring must not be corroded. Operators Manual.

LOOK: The vacuum release valve (center of cap rubber seal) must move freely and
holes must not be plugged.

LOOK: The coolant must not be oily, foamy or rusty.

1/1

Hose and Water Pump Inspect all radiator and heater hoses and water pump for cracks or leaks. OK: Check complete.
Check
LOOK: Radiator hoses must not be brittle or show signs of leaks. NOT OK: Replace
defective hoses, tighten
Check all hose clamps. clamps as necessary.

LOOK: All hose clamps must be tight. NOT OK: Repair water
pump. Go to Engine
Squeeze lower radiator hose. CTM.

FEEL: Lower hose must have wire insert.

LOOK: Water pump must not show any signs of leaks.

1/1

Radiator Bubble Check Fill radiator to proper level. OK: Check complete.

Install radiator cap and tighten. NOT OK: If constant flow


of bubbles is seen, a
Start engine. Run engine until at normal operating loose cylinder head or a
temperature. damaged head gasket
could be the cause. Go to
Place overflow tube in jar of water. Engine CTM.
T6171AR UN25MAY89
LOOK: Stream of bubbles must not be seen in glass jar.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-38 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=98
Operational Checkout Procedure

Fan and Fan Shroud Inspect fan and shroud clearance. OK: Check complete.
Check
inspect fan blades for damages. NOT OK: If fan blades
have any bends, replace
Check fan belts for wear. fan. If fan has nicks,
locate interference and
9005
LOOK: Fan blades must not have any nicks or bends. repair. See Repair
10
Manual.
39
LOOK: Make sure there is no oil or grease on fan belt or
pulleys. NOT OK: Replace fan
belt. Go to Repair
LOOK: Inside surface of fan belt must not have any Manual.
cracks or contact bottom of pulley groove.
NOT OK: If fan is
NOTE: If the fan blade has been installed backwards installed backward,
about 50% of its capacity is lost. remove and install
correctly. Go to Repair
LOOK: Cupped portion of fan blades must be away from Manual.
radiator.

T6171CB UN25MAY89

1/1

Air System Checks

1/1

Start Aid Checks (S.N OK: Check complete.


872256)
NOT OK: Reposition
lower holder.

NOT OK: Replace plastic


line.

T6477AP UN19OCT88 T6488GE UN23AUG93


NOT OK: Turn nozzle
until arrow is in correct
Remove right engine side shield. position (pointing
AGAINST incoming air
flow).
Check position of lower can holder.

LOOK: If can is missing, lower portion of holder must be upside down to seal opening
in upper holder.

Inspect plastic line from top of starting aid to air intake manifold.

LOOK: There must NOT be any kinks or breaks in line and ends must be installed
securely.

Check for arrow on either starting aid nozzle in air intake manifold.

NOTE: It may be necessary to scrape paint from nozzle.

LOOK: Arrow must be pointed AGAINST air flow of air intake manifold.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-39 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=99
Operational Checkout Procedure

Start Aid Checks (S.N. OK: Check complete.


872257 )
NOT OK: Reposition
lower holder.

NOT OK: Replace plastic


9005
line.
10
40
NOT OK: Turn nozzle
until red dot is in correct
position (on top of
nozzle).

T105143 UN10JAN97

AClamp
BEther Aid Can
CBase
DCap

Remove right engine side shield.

Check to be sure ether aid can (B) is tight and clamp (A)
T6488GE UN23AUG93
is tight

LOOK: If can is missing, cap (D) must be installed into


base (C).

Inspect plastic line from top of starting aid to air intake


manifold.

LOOK: There must NOT be any kinks or breaks in line


and ends must be installed securely.

Check for red dot on either starting aid nozzle in air


intake manifold.

NOTE: It may be necessary to scrape paint from nozzle.

LOOK: Red dot must be on the top side of nozzle so


that the nozzle is pointed AGAINST air flow (of air intake
manifold).

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-40 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=100
Operational Checkout Procedure

Exhaust Smoke Check NOTE: Engine must be at operating temperature before performing this check. OK: Check complete.

Run engine at fast idle. NOT OK: See Engine


Emits Excessive Black,
Operate a hydraulic function over relief to load engine. Gray or Blue Smoke in
this section.
9005
Observe exhaust smoke.
10
41
LOOK: Exhaust smoke must NOT be excessive or blue
in color.
T6488GF UN19OCT88
NOTE: Excessive black smoke is caused by lack of
sufficient air to the engine. Excessive white smoke when
engine is cold can be caused by a cold engine, dirty
nozzles, or both. Excessive blue smoke can be caused
by worn or damaged rings or cylinder liners.

1/1

Lubrication System Checks

1/1

Oil Level Check OK: Check complete.

NOT OK: Add or replace


oil. Go to Group 9000-04.

T6488GG UN29JUL99 T6488GH 1923FEB89

Perform this check with engine OFF.

Remove dipstick and check oil level.

LOOK: Oil must be between add and full marks.

NOTE: If oil level is high, check for fuel in oil. Drain a small quantity of oil and check
for anti-freeze. If oil level is low check for oil leaks or oil seal problems in engine.

Remove dipstick and check condition of oil. Clean oil from dipstick with finger and
thumb.

LOOK: Oil must NOT be milky, grainy or contain fuel oil or anti-freeze.
1/1

Fuel System Checks

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-41 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=101
Operational Checkout Procedure

Engine Fuel System Engine off, speed control lever at fast idle position. OK: Check complete.
Inspection Checks
Inspect fuel drain, cap strainer and inside fuel tank (with flashlight). NOT OK: If air "hissing"
from tank or enters tank
Operate pump primer by hand. when cap is removed,
replace fuel cap.
9005
Inspect all fuel lines, line clamps and speed control linkage stop.
10
NOT OK: If excessive
42
Inside of fuel tank must NOT contain any foreign matter. debris is found in the
bottom of the fuel line,
LOOK: No fuel leakage must be noted at any of the fuel line connections. The injection observe flow. If flow is
line rubber clamps must be in position and NO wiring banded to the injection lines. restricted, clean tank.

1/1

Engine Speed and Performance Checks

1/1

Engine Speed Check OK: Check complete.


(Tachometer Installed)
NOT OK: Check spring
loaded injection pump
lever override. Go to
Engine Speed Control
Linkage Adjustment, in
this section.

T6008AE1 UN09DEC88 T105836 UN20DEC96


(S.N. 830204) (S.N. 830205 )

Start engine, run at slow idle, and record rpm.

Increase engine speed to fast idle with speed control pedal and record rpm.

LOOK: Slow idle must be 850 50 rpm (S.N. 830204)

Slow idle must be 900 25 rpm. (S.N. 830205 )

LOOK: Fast idle must be 2375 50 rpm. (S.N. 830204)

Fast idle must be 2375 25 rpm. (S.N. 830205 )

NOTE: Override adjustment is 6 mm (0.25 in.).

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-42 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=102
Operational Checkout Procedure

Engine Power Check NOTE: Engine and transmission must be at operating temperature using No. 2 fuel. OK: Check complete.
(S.N. 872256)
Start engine. NOT OK: RPM too low.
Inspect air and fuel filters.
Hold service brake.
NOT OK: Above 2000
9005
Put transmission in fourth gear. rpm, inspect transmission.
10
Go to Group 9020-10.
43
Operate engine at fast idle.

Record minimum engine rpm.

Repeat check several times to determine average rpm.

LOOK: Minimum engine speed is 1800 rpm.

1/1

Engine Power Check NOTE: Engine and transmission must be at operating temperature using No. 2 fuel. OK: Check complete.
(S.N. 872257 )
Start engine. NOT OK: RPM too low.
Inspect air and fuel filters.
Hold service brake.
NOT OK: Above 2100
Put transmission in fourth gear. rpm, inspect transmission.
Go to Group 9020-10.
Operate engine at fast idle.

Record minimum engine rpm.

Repeat check several times to determine average rpm.

LOOK: Minimum engine speed is 1875 rpm.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-43 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=103
Operational Checkout Procedure

Low Compression Check OK: Check complete.

NOT OK: If starting motor


runs at uneven speed,
low compression is
indicated on one or two
9005
cylinders. (See Engine
10
CTM.)
44
T6552AP UN22MAR90 T105638 UN13DEC96
(S.N. 830204) (S.N. 830205 )

Remove left engine shield.

Disconnect wire to injection pump solenoid.

Crank engine for 10 seconds.

LISTEN: Air must not be heard leaking past valves.

LISTEN: Starting Motor must run at a constant speed.

Reconnect injection pump wire.

1/1

Engine Blow-By Check Run engine at fast idle and check blow-by tube. OK: Check complete.

LOOK: Fumes should be barely visible at the blow-by tube at fast idle with no load. NOT OK: If blow-by is
excessive, see Engine
NOTE: Excessive blow-by indicates that piston rings and cylinder liners do not seal off CTM.
the combustion chamber. This is a comparative check that requires some experience
to determine excessive blow-by.

1/1

Loose or Worn Engine Run engine at slow idle. OK: Check complete.
Parts
Depress brake pedals. NOT OK: Go to Abnormal
Engine Noise in this
Shift to first forward. section.

LISTEN: Knock or rattling noise must not be heard from engine.

1/1

Accessories Check (Engine Stopped)

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-44 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=104
Operational Checkout Procedure

Front Light Switch Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.

Push front light rocker switch to middle position. NOT OK: Check fuse and
bulbs.
LOOK: Two front lights, two red tail lights and gauge lights must come on.
OK: Check switch. Go to
9005
Push front light rocker switch in completely. Group 9015-15, Drive and
10
Work Light Circuit.
45
LOOK: All four front lights, two red tail lights and gauge lights must come on.

1/1

Rear Light Switch Check Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.

Push side console rear light rocker switch in. NOT OK: Check fuse and
bulbs.
LOOK: Rear light(s) must come on.
OK: Check switch. Go to
Section 9015, Drive and
Work Light Circuit.

1/1

Turn Signal Check Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.

Push down right side of turn signal switch. NOT OK: Check fuses
and wiring. Go to Sub
LOOK: Right front and right rear amber lights must flash. Right indicator light on top of System
steering column must flash. Left front and left rear amber lights, and left indicator light Diagnostics/Indicator
on top of steering column will stay completely lit. Circuit, Section 9015-15.

Push down left side of turn signal switch.

LOOK: Left front and left rear amber lights must flash. Left indicator light on top of
steering column must flash. Right front and right rear amber lights, and right indicator
light on top of steering column will stay completely lit.

1/1

4-Way Flasher Key switch may be ON or OFF. OK: Go to next check.

Push bottom of warning light rocker switch in. NOT OK: Check fuses
and bulbs.
LOOK: Both front and rear amber lights must come ON. Both turn signal indicators and
light in warning light rocker switch must flash. OK: Check 4-way flasher
switch. Go to Section
9015, Brake Light Circuit.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-45 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=105
Operational Checkout Procedure

Horn Circuit Check Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.

Push horn button. NOT OK: Check fuse.

LISTEN: Horn must sound. NOT OK: Check horn


switch. Go to Section
9005
9015, Horn Circuit.
10
46

1/1

Start Aid Check (If Operate engine at slow idle. OK: Go to next check.
Equipped)
Push start aid button once. NOT OK: Check can
contents by shaking or
LISTEN: Engine speed must increase then return to slow idle. weight.

NOT OK: Check fuel


shut-off/start aid/reverse
alarm fuse.

IF OK: Go to Section
9015, Start Aid Circuit.

1/1

Cab Component Checks

1/1

Left Cab Door Latch and Unlatch door. OK: Go to next check.
Opener Check
Observe door as it opens. NOT OK: Adjust cab
door. Go to repair
Pull door closed and latch it. manual.

FEEL: Cab door latch must work freely.

LOOK: Door cylinder must push door open.

LOOK: Cab door must contact door stop bumper before door cylinder bottoms.

1/1

Right Cab Door Latch Unlatch door and pull door open. OK: Go to next check.
and Opener Check
Close and latch door. NOT OK: Adjust door. Go
to repair manual.
FEEL: Cab door latch must work freely.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-46 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=106
Operational Checkout Procedure

Rear Window Latch and Squeeze latches on both sides of middle rear window. Lower window to rubber OK: Go to next check.
Opener Checks bumpers.
NOT OK: Check for
Push latch releases on upper rear window. obstructions. Go to repair
manual.
Observe window as it opens.
9005
10
Push window up and into window catches and note fit.
47
Observe cylinders while closing window. Raise middle window and push into latches.

LOOK: Window latches and hinges must move freely.

LOOK: The gas-filled cylinders must slowly assist raising the window to open position.
Cylinders must not be at end of travel when closing window.

LOOK: The window catches must hold and not bow the window in the up position.

1/1

Side Window Checks Open left and right rear side window. OK: Go to next check.

Fasten rear window against front window. NOT OK: Adjust


windows. Go to repair
LOOK: Sleeve on rear window must align with knob on manual.
front window.

LOOK/FEEL: Hinges must move freely. Locking latches


T6171DF UN09DEC88
must be equally loaded when closed.

1/1

Blower Control Check OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: Check heater


circuit breaker.

NOT OK: Check blower


switch. Go to Section
9015, Blower Circuit.
T7840AX UN06OCT92

Turn blower switch (A) to low, medium and high speeds.

FEEL/LISTEN: Blower must have three speeds and OFF.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-47 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=107
Operational Checkout Procedure

Heater Control Check OK: Go to next check.

NOT OK: Check heater


components. Go to
Section 9015, Blower
Circuit.
9005
10
48
T7840AY UN06OCT92

Start engine and allow to warm to operating temperature.

Turn heater temperature switch (A) to maximum heat. Turn blower switch (B) to high
speed.

FEEL: Air from ducts must be warm.

1/1

Air Conditioner Check (If OK: Go to next check.


Equipped)
NOT OK: Go to Heating
and Air Conditioning,
Group 9031-10.

T7860AB UN06OCT92

Start engine and run at fast idle.

Turn air conditioner switch (A) to ON position.

Turn blower switch (B) to high speed.

Wait for any warm air in duct system to dissipate.

FEEL: Air from ducts must be cool.

1/1

Rear Windshield Wiper Turn key to ON position. OK: Go to next check.


Check
Push rear wiper rocker switch to first detent, middle position. NOT OK: Check fuse.

Push rear wiper rocker switch all the way in. OK: Check rear wiper.
Go to Section 9015,
LOOK: Rear wiper must operate and have two speeds. Wiper/Washer Circuit.

LOOK: Wipers must return to park position.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-48 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=108
Operational Checkout Procedure

Front Windshield Wiper Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Push front wiper rocker switch to first detent, middle position. NOT OK: Check fuse.

Push front wiper switch all the way in. OK: Check front wiper.
Go to Section 9015,
9005
LOOK: Both front wipers must operate and have two speeds. Wiper/Washer Circuit.
10
49
LOOK: Wipers must return to park position.

1/1

Front Windshield Washer Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.
Check
Push windshield washer rocker switch in. NOT OK: Check fluid
level, and fluid lines for
LOOK: Fluid must spray on both front windows. Rocker switch must return to OFF blockage.
position.
NOT OK: Check wiring.
Go to Section 9015,
Wiper/Washer Circuit.

1/1

Cab Dome Light and Turn key switch to ON position. OK: Go to next check.
Swivel Light Check
Push dome light switch to ON position. NOT OK: Check fuse and
bulbs.
Push swivel light switch to ON position (S.N. 872256).
NOT OK: Check wiring.
LOOK: Lights must come ON. Go to Group 9015-15,
Dome Light Circuit.

1/1

Seat Linkage Check Move lever (A) to the right. OK: Go to next check.
(S.N. 830204)
Move seat forward and rearward and release lever. NOT OK: Repair linkage.
Go to repair manual.
LOOK: Lever must move freely and lock seat in desired
position.

T7394BD UN29NOV90

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-49 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=109
Operational Checkout Procedure

Height Adjustable Seat Pull lever (C) up and at the same time remove your OK: Go to next check.
Check (If Equipped) weight from the seat.
(S.N. 830204) NOT OK: Lubricate seat
Raise seat several positions and engage latch. pedestal. Go to repair
manual.
LOOK: Seat must rise upward and must remain in
9005
desired latched position.
10
50
T7394BD UN29NOV90

1/1

Seat Swivel Linkage Pull lever (B) up. OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 830204)
Move seat from loader to backhoe position and engage NOT OK: Lubricate or
latch. repair linkage. Go to
repair manual.
LOOK: Seat latch must move freely and hold seat at the
desired position.

T7394BD UN29NOV90
FEEL: Lever must move freely and hold seat in loader
and backhoe positions.

1/1

Seat Linkage Check (S.N. Lift lever (1). OK: Go to next check.
830205 )
Move seat forward and rearward and release lever. NOT OK: Repair linkage.
Go to repair manual.
LOOK: Does lever move freely and lock seat in desired
position?

T103194 UN20AUG96

1/1

Seat Height Adjustment Turn knob (3) to raise or lower seat to desired position. OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 830205 )
LOOK: Does seat move up or down and remain in NOT OK: Go to repair
desired position? manual.

T103194 UN20AUG96

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-50 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=110
Operational Checkout Procedure

Seat Swivel Linkage Lift lever (2) up. OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 830205 )
Move seat from loader to backhoe position and engage NOT OK: Lubricate or
latch. repair linkage. Go to
repair manual.
LOOK: Does seat latch move freely and hold seat in
9005
desired position?
10
51
T103194 UN20AUG96
FEEL: Does lever move freely and hold seat in loader
and backhoe positions?

1/1

Seat Back Linkage Lift lever (4) up. OK: Go to next check.
Check (S.N. 830205 )
Position seat back as desired and engage lever. NOT OK: Lubricate or
repair linkage. Go to
FEEL: Does lever move freely and hold seat in desired repair manual.
positions?

T103194 UN20AUG96

1/1

Miscellaneous Check

1/1

Vandal Protection Check Lock right side service access doors and cab doors using the ignition key. OK: Go to next check.

FEEL: All locks must operate freely and key must not stick in locks. NOT OK: Lubricate or
repair lock as necessary.

1/1

Check Periodic Check the periodic maintenance label located inside of OK: Go to next check.
Maintenance Label the hood access door.
NOT OK: Replace decal.
LOOK: Periodic maintenance label decal must be legible.

T6171DG UN09DEC88

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-51 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=111
Operational Checkout Procedure

Backhoe Transport Lock OK: Operational


Check Checkout completed.

NOT OK: Adjust, repair,


or replace lock. Go to
repair manual.
9005
10
52

T7860AC UN06OCT92

Raise boom to transport position against stop (A).


Pull lever to LOCK position to apply boom and swing lock.

LOOK/FEEL: Boom and swing lock pin must freely enter hooks (B) and fit at bottom of
slot in hooks. Lever must enter locked position and remain locked.

1/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9005-10-52 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=112
Section 9010
Engine
Contents

Page

Group 05Theory of Operation


General Engine Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-05-1 9010
EngineSectional View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-05-2
Cold Weather Starting Aid Operation
(S.N. 872256). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-05-4
(S.N. 872257 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-05-4
Fan Drive Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-05-5

Group 15System Diagnostic Information


6059 John Deere Engine (S.N. 830204)
Use CTM8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-1
John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.
830204)Use CTM11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-1
6068 John Deere POWERTECH Engine
(S.N. 830205 )Use CTM104 . . . . . . . .9010-15-1
John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.
830205 )Use CTM67 . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-1
John Deere Alternators and Starting Motors
Use CTM77 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-2
Make Visual Inspection of Engine and
Supporting Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-3
Diagnose Engine Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-15-5

Group 20Adjustments
JT05801 Clamp-On Electronic Tachometer
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-20-1
JT05800 Digital Thermometer Installation . . .9010-20-1
Slow and Fast Idle Adjustment
(S.N. 830204). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-20-2
(S.N. 830305 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-20-4
Adjust Engine Speed Control Linkage
(S.N. 830204). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-20-5
(S.N. 830205). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-20-6
Adjust Speed Control Lever Tension . . . . . . .9010-20-7

Group 25Tests
Cooling System Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-25-1
Radiator Air Flow Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-25-2
JT05529 Air Flowmeter Test Record . . . . . . .9010-25-3
Engine Performance Using Turbocharger
Boost Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-25-4
Air Intake System Leakage Test . . . . . . . . . .9010-25-6
Fuel Line Leakage Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9010-25-7

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=1
Contents

9010

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=2
Group 05
Theory of Operation
General Engine Description

John Deere engines are vertical-in-line, valve in head, insert is used on Dubuque engines. A five-piece
4-cycle (stroke) diesel engines. bearing insert normally is installed on Saran engines.
The five-piece bearing has high thrust load capability.
Direct fuel injection is provided by a distributor-type
fuel injection pump and 9.5 mm injection nozzles The five-piece thrust bearings must be installed as a
mounted in cylinder head. The pump is driven by an set. They may be retro-fitted to Dubuque engines1 at
intermediate gear in the timing gear train meshing with service repair if so desired. Should a crankshaft be
the crankshaft gear. found to have developed excessive end play, an
oversized thrust bearing plate set is available through 9010
Some engines are equipped with a turbocharger. service parts. Thrust bearing side plates are available 05
1
Operated by exhaust gases, the turbocharger in standard size or 0.007 in. oversize.
compresses intake air from air cleaner and routes it to
the combustion chamber. Cylinder liners are "wet" (surrounded by coolant) and
are individually replaceable. O-rings are used to seal
The cylinder block is made from a one-piece casting. the connection between cylinder block and liners.
The rugged, cast iron block may be structural or
non-structural. Pistons are made of cast high-grade aluminum alloy
with internal ribbing. The skirt is cam ground to allow
The camshaft is driven by an intermediate gear in the for expansion when heated during operation. The
timing gear train which meshes with the crankshaft piston crown has a cut-out swivel cup with a truncated
gear. Camshaft rotates in honed machined bores in cone in the center. Two compression rings and one oil
cylinder block; no bushings are used. The camshaft control ring are used. The top compression ring is a
lobes determine the time and rate of opening of each keystone type ring. All piston rings are located above
valve and actuates the fuel transfer pump. the piston pin. The top ring has been moved closer to
the top of the piston for improved engine performance
Intake and exhaust valves are operated by cam attributable to increased air availability during
followers, push rods and rocker arm assembly. Valve combustion and reduced heat losses in the top ring
seat inserts in cylinder head are used for intake and land.
exhaust valves.
The hardened piston pins are fully-floating and held in
The crankshaft is a one-piece, heat treated, nodular position by means of snap rings. Spray jets (piston
iron or steel forging which operates in replaceable cooling orifices) in cylinder block direct pressure oil to
two-piece main bearings. lubricate piston pins and cool pistons.

Two different types of crankshaft main thrust bearing Connecting rods are of forged steel and have
inserts are used to control end-play, depending on the replaceable bushing and bearing inserts.
producing factory. Normally a two-piece thrust bearing

1
Main (thrust) bearing web undercut in block and or bearing cap
MUST be 113.8 mm (4.48 in.) in order to accept five-piece thrust
bearings.
Continued on next page TX,901005,BR181 1924JUN941/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=115
Theory of Operation

The engine is supplied with lubricating oil by a gear Balancer shafts are used on some four-cylinder
pump driven by the crankshaft. The lubricating oil engines to reduce vibration. The two shafts operate on
passes through a full-flow oil filter in the main oil bushings in cylinder block and are counter-rotating at
gallery of cylinder block. To ensure engine lubrication, twice the engine speed.
the oil filter is provided with a by-pass valve which
opens when the filter element is restricted. On most The engine has a pressurized cooling system,
engines, engine oil is cooled by means of an oil cooler consisting of radiator, water pump, multi-blade fan and
mounted externally on the cylinder block. Engine oil one or two thermostats.
passes through the oil cooler before flowing to the oil
filter. A by-pass valve located between oil pump and
9010 main gallery relieves any pressure build-up in this
05 area.
2

TX,901005,BR181 1924JUN942/2

EngineSectional View
1Rocker Arm Shaft 6Cylinder Block 11Liner Packing Rings 16Valve
2Cylinder Head 7Crankshaft 12Cylinder Liner 17Fuel Injection Nozzle
3Push Rod 8Crankshaft Counterweight 13Piston 18Valve Spring
4Cam Follower 9Oil Pan 14Piston Ring 19Rocker Arm
5Cam Shaft 10Connecting Rod 15Piston Rings

Continued on next page T59,9010,335 1909MAR931/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=116
Theory of Operation

9010
05
3

UN01JUN89
T6030AS

T59,9010,335 1909MAR932/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=117
Theory of Operation

Cold Weather Starting Aid Operation (S.N.


872256)

Pushing control button on dash energizes coil (C) which


moves plunger (B) down, opening valve in the starting
fluid canister, releasing starting fluid to the engine.

Releasing control button on dash stops current flow to coil


(C) allowing spring (A) to pull plunger up, closing the
valve in the starting fluid canister.
9010
05
If engine is operated without starting fluid canister, the
4
dust seal must be properly installed to prevent engine
damage.

UN18NOV89
T6543AB
10T,9010,K181 1909MAR931/1

Cold Weather Starting Aid Operation (S.N.


872257 )

Pushing control button on dash energizes coil (C) which


moves plunger (B) up, opening valve in the starting fluid
canister, releasing starting fluid to the engine.

Releasing control button on dash stops current flow to coil


(C) allowing spring (A) to pull plunger down, closing the
valve in the starting fluid canister.

If engine is operated without starting fluid canister, the


dust seal must be properly installed to prevent engine
damage.
UN15OCT98
T117645

CED,TX17864,241 1907OCT981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=118
Theory of Operation

Fan Drive Operation

The fan drive (A), driven by one fan belt from the engine
crankshaft (B), is self-adjustable. The fan belt tension
adjuster (C) automatically adjusts the belt to the correct
tension.

9010
05
5

UN01MAR93
T7950AH
TX,710D,DS4687 1909MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=119
Theory of Operation

9010
05
6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-05-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=120
Group 15
System Diagnostic Information
6059 John Deere Engine (S.N. 830204)
Use CTM8

For additional engine information, the component technical


manual (CTM) is also required.

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215
9010
15
TX,9010,BG802 1905MAR971/1 1

John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.


830204)Use CTM11

For additional engine information, the component technical


manual (CTM) is also required.

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215
TX,9010,BG803 1905MAR971/1

6068 John Deere POWERTECH Engine


(S.N. 830205 )Use CTM104

For additional engine information, the component technical


manual (CTM) is also required.

UN07SEP88
Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.

M44215
POWERTECH is a trademark of Deere & Company. TX,9010,BG792 1905MAR971/1

John Deere Engine Accessories (S.N.


830205 )Use CTM67

For additional engine information, the component technical


manual (CTM) is also required.
UN07SEP88

Use the CTM in conjunction with this machine manual.


M44215

TX,9010,BG791 1905MAR971/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=121
System Diagnostic Information

John Deere Alternators and Starting


MotorsUse CTM77

For complete repair information the Component Technical


Manual (CTM) is also required.

Use the CTM in conjunction with this repair manual.

UN17JAN89
TS225
9010
15
2 09T,2160,K5 1912MAY941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=122
System Diagnostic Information

Make Visual Inspection of Engine and Supporting Systems

1. Inspect for coolant leaks at: well as the belts. A belt which is too loose allows
slippage and reduces fan and alternator speed,
Radiator causing excess belt wear. Belt slippage can lead to
Water pump overheating of the cooling and/or hydraulic system,
Hoses and undercharged batteries.
Coolant manifold
Thermostat cover The condition of the belts and their tension must be
checked periodically. Adjust belt tension. See
Check for proper coolant level in radiator. Look at Adjust Fan Belt Tension, Group 0510. 9010
coolant for evidence of oil and/or debris. 15
3
8. Inspect fuel tank:
2. Inspect for oil leaks around the oil pan, drain plug,
oil filter, and clutch housing at drain hole. a. Inspect the tank mounting hardware to ensure
they are in position and tight.
3. Inspect hoses to see if they are hard, cracked, soft,
or swelled. Replace as necessary. b. Inspect fuel tank for cracks and leakage.

4. Inspect radiator for bent fins, kinks, dents, cracked c. Inspect fuel tank outlet strainer and water trap
side frames, seams and tubes. Check radiator for accumulated debris by shining a flashlight
mounts for loose hardware. through the filler neck toward bottom right corner
of fuel tank.
5. Check fan to ensure it has been installed correctly.
See Cooling System Inspection, in this section. 9. Inspect fuel transfer pump. See if there is fuel
leaking from inlet and outlet connections.
6. Inspect fan blades. They must be straight and not
striking the radiator core or shroud. Bent blades 10. Inspect fuel filter for water in base of filter. Look
reduce the efficiency of the fan and make the fan for fuel leaking from inlet and outlet connections.
out of balance. An out of balance condition can add
additional load to the water pump bearings. Check Check for debris and air in filters. Drain or bleed
water pump bearings by moving fan and note filters if necessary. Replace filters as required.
looseness of bearings.
11. Inspect injection pump and nozzles.
7. Inspect fan belts. They must not be too tight, too
loose, or cracked. Check to see if belt pulleys are Check fuel inlet and outlet connections and
worn excessively (if belts run against bore of injection line connections. If any of the lines are
groove) and that the pulleys are in proper twisted, kinked, or broken, repair or replace as
alignment. necessary. Check injection line clamps to ensure
they are in position and tight.
A belt which is too tight puts extra load on the
bearings and shortens the life of the bearings as

Continued on next page TX,9010,YY509 1902JUN931/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=123
System Diagnostic Information

13. Inspect air cleaner elements for debris, filter


CAUTION: Escaping fluid under pressure
condition and air restriction indicator to ensure
can penetrate the skin causing serious
indicator is not in red.
injury. Relieve pressure before
disconnecting hydraulic or other lines.
Check all air intake system connections to be sure
Tighten all connections before applying
they are tight. Clean or replace filters when
pressure. Keep hands and body away from
indicator shows red or when there is excessive
pinholes and nozzles which eject fluids
smoke or loss of power.
under high pressure. Use a piece of
cardboard or paper to search for leaks. DO
14. Check muffler for any signs of leakage or areas
NOT use your hand.
9010 that have rusted through. Exhaust leaks can result
15 in a fire in the engine compartment.
4 If ANY fluid is injected into the skin, it must
be surgically removed within a few hours by
15. Check for debris on exhaust manifold.
a doctor familiar with this type injury or
gangrene may result.

12. Inspect speed control linkage.

Check for free movement. Be sure the injection


pump lever contacts the fast idle stop on the
injection pump.

TX,9010,YY509 1902JUN932/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=124
System Diagnostic Information

Diagnose Engine Malfunction

NOTE: Diagnostic charts are arranged from most


probable and simplest to verify, to least likely and
more difficult to verify. Remember the following
steps when troubleshooting a problem:

Step 1. Operational Checkout Procedure


Step 2. Diagnostic Charts
Step 3. Adjustments and/or Tests
9010
Symptom Problem Solution 15
5

Engine Cranks but Will Not Start Fuel tank empty. Check fuel level.
or Starts Hard

Water in fuel or water frozen in fuel Thaw and drain water from fuel tank.
lines. Water frozen in fuel filter. Thaw ice in fuel lines and drain.
Install new fuel filter.

Fuel shut-off solenoid not opening Turn key switch on. Solenoid
shut-off valve. "clicks". Check voltage at solenoid if
voltage is present. Check fuse and
wiring if voltage is not present.

Fuel tank cap vent plugged. Loosen cap, listen for air entering
tank suddenly. Replace cap.

Debris or dirt in fuel. Drain small amount of fuel from tank


into clean container. Inspect for
debris. Drain and flush fuel system.
Change fuel filter.

Wrong grade fuel for low ambient Fuel "jelled" in tank or lines. Warm
temperature. machine. Drain fuel system. Change
fuel filter. Refill with proper fuel.

Air entering suction side of fuel Check for bubbles in fuel filter.
system. Tighten connections. Inspect lines
for damage.

Stuck injection pump metering valve. Lightly tap injection pump housing. If
engine now starts, repair. (See
Engine CTM.)

Fuel supply pump. Check fuel supply pump pressure.


(See Engine CTM.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR931/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=125
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Slow cranking speed. Check batteries and connections.

Air filter elements restricted with dirt, Clean or replace filter elements.
snow or water. Check air filter indicator switch.

Improper injection pump timing. Check timing. (See Engine CTM.)

Injection nozzle(s). Remove and test nozzles. (See


9010 Engine CTM.)
15
6
Worn piston rings or low Remove injection pump fuse. Crank
compression. Blown head gasket. engine and listen for air leaking past
valves or an uneven starter speed.
Start engine and observe blow-by
from vent tube. Do Compression
Pressure Test. (See Engine CTM.)

Engine Cranks Slow Wrong weight oil for low ambient Drain and refill with proper weight
temperature. oil. Change oil filter.

Poor or dirty connections at batteries Clean battery posts and cable ends.
or starter. Reinstall cables. Clean connections
at start relay and starter.

Batteries discharged or failing to Remove positive and negative


take charge. battery cables from batteries.
Recharge separately. Replace both
batteries if either fails to charge.
Check alternator output. (See
Section 9015, Charging Circuit.)
Check wiring for shorting to ground.
Check alternator belt tension.

Hydraulic pump destroke valve Turn steering wheel back and forth
stuck. while cranking engine. If cranking
speed is normal, check stroke
control valve. (See CTM7.)

Starting motor. Seized or worn bushings, bent


armature shaft, armature "dragging".
Check starter current draw. (See
Engine Accessories CTM.)

Engine Surges or Stalls Air entering suction side of fuel Check fuel filter for air bubbles.
Frequently system. Tighten fittings and connections.
Inspect lines for damage.

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR932/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=126
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Fuel tank cap vent plugged. Remove cap, listen for air entering
tank suddenly. Replace cap.

Water or debris in fuel. Drain water in fuel tank. Check


drained fuel for debris. Drain and
flush fuel system. Replace fuel filter.

Fuel "jelled" due to low ambient Drain fuel system. Refill with proper
temperatures. grade fuel. Replace fuel filter. 9010
15
7
Fuel filter plugged. Replace filter. Check for debris in
fuel system.

Return line from injection pump to Check line for kinks or damage.
tank restricted. Check line for debris. Clean with
compressed air.

Air filter elements plugged. Clean or replace elements.

Fuel supply pump plugged. Check fuel supply pump pressure.


(See Engine CTM.)

Fuel injection pump out of time. Check injection pump timing. (See
Engine CTM.)

Engine overheating. Test cooling system. (See test


procedure in this section.)

Injection pump or nozzle(s). Remove and test nozzles. Repair


injection pump. (See Engine CTM.)

Improper valve clearance. Check and adjust valve clearance.


(See Engine CTM.)

Valves sticking or burned. Remove injection pump fuse. Crank


engine and listen for air leaking past
valves or an uneven starter speed.
Do Compression Pressure Test.
(See Engine CTM.)

Worn or broken compression rings Start engine and observe blow-by


or cylinder head gasket leaking. from vent tube. Do Compression
Pressure Test. (See Engine CTM.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR933/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=127
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Engine Missing, Erratic Air entering suction side of fuel Check fuel filter for air bubbles.
Operation Or Poor Slow Speed system. Tighten fittings. Inspect lines for
Operation damage.

Water or debris in fuel. Drain water from fuel tank. Drain and
flush fuel tank to remove debris.

Fuel tank cap vent plugged. Remove cap. Listen for air entering
9010 tank suddenly. Replace cap.
15
8
Return line from injection pump to Inspect lines for kinks or damage.
tank restricted. Use compressed air to clear debris.

Engine Missing, Erratic Fuel injection pump out of time. Time injection pump. (See Engine
CTM.)

Slow idle speed set too low. Check for bent, worn or loose control
linkage. Repair as needed. Adjust
linkage and reset slow idle speed.
(See procedures in this section.)

Fuel supply pump. Check fuel pump pressure. (See


Engine CTM.)

Injection pump or nozzles. Remove and test nozzles. Repair


injection pump. (See Engine CTM.)

Engine overheats. Test cooling system. (See test


procedure in this section.)

Incorrect valve clearance. Adjust clearance. (See Engine


CTM.)

Bent push rods. Inspect and replace.

Valve sticking or burned. Remove injection pump fuse. Crank


engine and listen for air leaking past
valves or an uneven starter speed.
Do Compression Pressure Test.
(See Engine CTM.)

Cylinder head gasket leaking. Do Compression Pressure Test.


(See Engine CTM.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR934/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=128
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Worn or broken compression rings. Start engine and observe blow-by


from vent tube. Do Compression
Pressure Test. (See Engine CTM.)

Engine Not Developing Full Fuel filter plugged. Replace filter.


Power

Air filter elements plugged. Clean or replace elements. Check


air restriction indicator switch. (See 9010
Section 9015, Indicator Circuit.) 15
9

Water in fuel or wrong grade of fuel. Drain water from fuel tank or drain
and refill with proper fuel.

Exhaust system restriction. Check condition of muffler interior.

Fast idle speed too low. Adjust. Check for worn or damaged
linkage. Check and adjust fast idle.
(See procedure in this section.)

Incorrect valve clearance. Adjust clearance. (See Engine


CTM.)

Fuel line restriction or injection pump Clear restriction with compressed air.
line restricted. Replace line.

Service brakes dragging. Check brake linkage, brake valve


leakage, brake discs for warping or
scoring. Dragging brakes could
cause overheating
transmission/hydraulics or engine.

Fuel supply pump. Check fuel pump pressure. (See


Engine CTM.)

Injection pump metering valve Remove pump top cover and


sticking. inspect. Repair. (See Engine CTM.)

Incorrect injection pump timing. Check timing. (See Engine CTM.)

Injection pump or nozzle. Remove and test nozzles and pump.


(See Engine CTM.)

Internal hydraulic system leakage. Do Hydraulic Component Leakage


Test. (See Group 9025-25.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR935/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-9 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=129
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Worn camshaft or incorrect camshaft Check valve lift. (See Engine CTM.)
timing.

Turbocharger. Remove air intake hose and exhaust


elbow. Leading edge of compressor
vanes must be sharp and straight.
Spin compressor wheel and listen for
noisy bearings. Turbine and
9010 compressor wheels must not rub in
15 housing.
10

Low compression. Remove fuel/ether/bk. alm. fuse.


Crank engine and listen for air
leaking past valves or an uneven
starter speed. Start engine and
observe blow-by from vent tube. Do
Compression Pressure Test. (See
Engine CTM.)

Engine Emits Excessive Black or Restricted air filter element. Incorrect Check. Clean or replace elements.
Gray Exhaust Smoke grade of fuel. Drain and refill.

Engine overloaded. Remove load. Run at fast idle to


clear engine.

Turbocharger failure. Remove air intake hose and exhaust


elbow. Leading edge of compressor
vanes must be sharp and straight.
Spin compressor wheel and listen for
noisy bearings. Turbine and
compressor wheels MUST NOT rub
in housing.

Incorrect injection pump timing. Time injection pump. (See Engine


CTM.)

Air leak between turbo and manifold. Test air intake system for leaks.
(See test procedure in this section.)

Excessive fuel delivery. Remove and test fuel injection


pump. (See Engine CTM.)

Injection nozzle. Remove and test nozzles. (See


Engine CTM.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR936/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-10 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=130
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Engine Emits Excessive Blue or Cranking speed too slow. Check batteries and connections.
White Exhaust Smoke

Incorrect grade of fuel. Drain and refill.

Injection pump or nozzle. Remove and test pump and nozzles.


(See Engine CTM.)

Excessive engine idling. Run at fast idle to clear. 9010


15
11
Engine running too cold. Check thermostats.

Low compression. Crank engine and listen for air


leaking fast valves. Start engine.
Observe blow-by from vent tube. Do
Compression Pressure Test. (See
Engine CTM.)

Detonation (Excessive Engine Stuck starting aid solenoid or switch. Repair or replace solenoid or switch.
Knock)

Injection pump timing or pump Time injection pump. (See Engine


advance faulty. CTM.) Repair advance.

Improper fuel (gasoline mixed with Drain and refill fuel tank. Replace
diesel fuel). fuel filter.

Abnormal Engine Noise (Rattle, Low engine oil level. Fill to correct level.
Knock or Squeal)

Too light weight engine oil for high Drain and refill with correct weight
ambient temperatures. oil.

Fuel in engine oil. Drain and refill with proper oil. Check
fuel system to find leakage.

Loose or worn hydraulic pump drive Repair or replace.


coupling, or pump failure.

Incorrect injection pump timing. Adjust timing. (See Engine CTM.)

Turbocharger bearing or turbine Remove turbo air inlet hose. Check


failure. shaft vertical movement. Repair or
replace.

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR937/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=131
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Excessive valve clearance. Adjust clearance. (See Engine


CTM.)

Bent push rods. Replace. (See Engine CTM.)

Worn rocker arm shaft. Replace. (See Engine CTM.)

Loose connecting rod caps. Inspect and tighten connecting rod


9010 cap screws. (See Engine CTM.)
15
12
Loose main bearing caps. Inspect and tighten main bearing cap
screws. (See Engine CTM.)

Worn main bearings. Replace bearings. (See Engine


CTM.)

Worn connecting rod bearings. Replace bearings. (See Engine


CTM.)

Incorrect cam shaft timing. Check camshaft timing. (See Engine


CTM.)

Scored piston. Replace. (See Engine CTM.)

Worn piston pin bushings and pins. Replace pins and bushings. (See
Engine CTM.)

Low Engine Oil Pressure (Oil Low oil level. Check oil level. Fill to correct level.
Pressure Indicator Light On, Red Check for leaks. Repair leaks.
STOP Light ON and Alarm
Pulsing)

Using low viscosity winter oil in Drain and fill with summer weight oil.
summer.

Oil diluted with fuel. Drain and fill with proper weight oil.
Check fuel system for leakage.
Repair.

Oil pressure switch failure. Test sensor. (See Section 9015,


Indicator Circuit.)

Faulty oil pressure control valve. Repair valve. (See Engine CTM.)

Plugged oil pump intake screen. Inspect. Clean. (See Engine CTM.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR938/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=132
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Loose oil pump drive gear or worn Inspect and repair. (See Engine
pump housing. CTM.)

Excessive main bearing clearance. Replace main bearings. (See Engine


CTM.)

Excessive connecting rod bearing Replace connecting rod bearings.


clearance. (See Engine CTM.)
9010
Cracked cylinder block. Replace cylinder block. (See Engine 15
13
CTM.)

Piston cooling orifice missing. Inspect piston cooling orifices. (See


Engine CTM.)

Leakage at internal oil passage Check all possible internal leakage.


Repair as needed. (See Engine
CTM.)

Engine Overheats Low coolant level. Fill to correct level and check for
leaks.

Loose, worn or broken fan belt. Tighten or replace belt.

Worn pulley grooves allowing belt Replace pulleys and belt.


slippage.

Radiator dirty or plugged. Check air flow. Clean radiator.


Recheck air flow.

Radiator shroud missing or Replace shroud.


damaged.

Engine overloaded. Reduce load. Operate in lower gear.

Radiator cap not sealing. Replace cap.

Fan on backwards or damaged. Inspect or replace fan.

Faulty sender or wires from sender Replace sender. Inspect wires.


damaged. Repair as needed.

Incorrect injection pump timing. Time injection pump. (See


adjustment procedure is this
section.)

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR939/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=133
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Excessive brake drag. Check brake drag. (See Group


9005-10.)

Hydraulic system overheating due to Check hydraulic oil level. Check


internal leakage or plugged cooler. cooler for plugs. Do Hydraulic
Component Leakage Test. (See
Group 9025-25.)

9010 Thermostats stuck open or closed. Replace thermostats.


15
14
Cooling system interior coated with Flush cooling system with cleaner.
lime deposits. Refill with water/antifreeze solution.

Water pump leaking. Repair or replace water pump.

Excessive fuel delivery. Adjust or repair. (See Engine CTM.)

Oil In Coolant Or Coolant In Oil Leaking cylinder head gasket or liner Repair. (See Engine CTM.)
packings. Cracked cylinder or block.

Excessive Fuel Consumption Air system restricted. Clean or replace filter elements.
Check filter restriction indicator
switch. (See Section 9015, Indicator
Circuit.)

Fuel system leakage. Repair.

Incorrect grade of fuel. Drain and fill with proper fuel.

Incorrect injection pump timing. Time injection pump. (See Engine


CTM.)

Faulty turbocharger. Remove air intake hose and exhaust


elbow. Leading edge of compressor
vanes must be sharp and straight.
Spin compressor wheel to check for
rough bearings. Turbine and
compressor wheels must not rub in
housing.

Faulty injection nozzles. Test nozzles. (See Engine CTM.)

Internal leakage in hydraulic system. Do Hydraulic Component Leakage


Test. (See Group 9025-25.)

Fan Belt Noisy Belt slippage. Inspect adjuster. Replace belt.

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR9310/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=134
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Bearing noise. Locate and repair.

Belt misalignment. Align belt or pulley.

Driven component inducing vibration. Locate driven component and repair.

Fan Belt Slips Belt slipping because of insufficient Inspect adjuster. Replace belt.
tension.
9010
Belt subjected to substance that has Replace belt and clean pulleys. 15
15
reduced friction.

Rib or Fan Belt Wear Pulley misaligned. Align pulley.

Mismatch of belt and pulley groove Clean rust or other buildup from
widths. pulleys.

Sharp or jagged pulley groove tips. Replace pulley.

Turbocharger Excessively Noisy Bearings not lubricated. Insufficient oil pressure. Check for
or Vibrates restricted turbocharger oil line.

Air leak in engine, intake or exhaust Inspect, repair. (See test procedure
manifold. in this section.)

Improper clearance between turbine Remove exhaust elbow and air inlet
wheel and turbine housing. hose and inspect, repair. (See
Engine CTM.)

Broken blades on turbine. Remove exhaust elbow and air inlet


hose and inspect, repair. (See
Engine CTM.)

Oil Dripping from Turbocharger Damaged or worn bearings and/or Inspect compressor and turbine
Adapter worn seals. wheel for damaged blades.

Check for proper engine service


intervals or dirt entering internally
into engine.

Excessive crankcase pressure. Check vent tube to ensure tube is


not plugged. Clean.

Turbocharger oil return line carbon Remove line. Inspect, clean.


build-up where line passes exhaust
manifold.

Continued on next page 10T,9010,K81 1909MAR9311/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-15 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=135
System Diagnostic Information

Symptom Problem Solution

Excessive Drag in Turbocharger Carbon build-up behind turbine Inspect and clean.
Rotating Member wheel caused by combustion
deposits.

Dirt build-up behind compressor Inspect and repair.


wheel caused by air intake leaks.

Bearing seizure or dirty or worn Check for evidence of the lack of


9010 bearings, caused by excessive proper engine service. Check for
15 temperature, unbalanced wheel, dirty extended operation with plugged air
16
oil, oil starvation or insufficient cleaners.
lubrication.

10T,9010,K81 1909MAR9312/12

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-15-16 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=136
Group 20
Adjustments
JT05801 Clamp-On Electronic Tachometer
Installation
SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
Tachometer
AClamp-On Transducer. Remove paint with emery cloth and

UN28FEB89
connect to a straight section of injection line within 100 mm (4 in.) of
pump. Finger tighten onlyDO NOT overtighten.
BBlack Clip (). Connect to main frame.
CRed Clip (+). Connect to transducer.

T6813AG
9010
DTachometer Readout. Install cable. 20
1

10T,9010,K182 1910AUG951/1

JT05800 Digital Thermometer Installation


SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
Digital Thermometer
ATemperature Probe
Fasten to a bare metal line using a tie band. Wrap with shop towel.

UN28FEB89
BCable
CDigital Thermometer

T6808CE
902525,AA4 1928FEB951/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=137
Adjustments

Slow and Fast Idle Adjustment (S.N.


830204)
SPECIFICATIONS
Engine Speed Slow Idle 850 50 rpm
Engine Speed Fast Idle 2375 50 rpm

UN18OCT88
SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
Electronic Tachometer

T6023AD
9010 Sealing Wire Pliers
20
2 1. Run engine at normal operating temperature. (S.N. 830204)

ALever Stop Screw


2. Install tachometer. (See Electronic Tachometer BSpeed Control Rod
Installation procedure in this group.) CFast Idle Adjusting Screw
DSealing Wire
3. Disconnect speed control rod (B) from fuel injection ESlow Idle Adjusting Screw
pump lever.

4. Start engine.

5. Hold injection pump lever forward (toward radiator).


Check to make sure slow idle is to specification.

Specification
Engine SpeedSlow Idle .................................................... 850 50 rpm

6. If slow idle is not correct.

Check air cleaner elements.


Loosen lock nut and turn screw (A) out one or two
turns.
Loosen lock nut and turn screw (E) to adjust slow
idle.
Turn screw (A) in until rpm starts to increase then
turn screw out one full turn. Tighten lock nuts.

7. Hold injection pump lever rearward (away from


radiator). Check to make sure fast idle is to
specification

Specification
Engine SpeedFast Idle ................................................... 2375 50 rpm

8. If fast idle is not correct:

Remove sealing wire.

Continued on next page CED,TX17864,245 1922OCT981/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=138
Adjustments

Loosen lock nut and turn screw (C) counterclockwise


to increase rpm or clockwise to decrease rpm.
Tighten lock nut and install a new sealing wire using
a seal wire pliers.

9. Connect speed control rod (B).

9010
20
CED,TX17864,245 1922OCT982/2 3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=139
Adjustments

Slow and Fast Idle Adjustment (S.N.


830305 )

1. Run engine at normal operating temperature.

2. Install tachometer. (See Electronic Tachometer

UN13DEC96
Installation procedure in this group.)

3. Disconnect speed control rod (B) from fuel injection


pump lever.

T105637
9010
20
4. Start engine.
4 (S.N. 830205 )

5. Hold injection pump lever forward (toward radiator). ALever Stop Screw
Check to make sure slow idle is to specification. BSpeed Control Rod
CFast Idle Adjusting Screw
Specification DSealing Wire
Engine SpeedSlow Idle .................................................... 900 25 rpm ESlow Idle Adjusting Screw

6. If slow idle is not correct.

Check air cleaner elements.


Loosen lock nut and turn screw (A) out one or two
turns.
Loosen lock nut and turn screw (E) to adjust slow
idle.
Turn screw (A) in until rpm starts to increase then
turn screw out one full turn. Tighten lock nuts.

7. Hold injection pump lever rearward (away from


radiator). Check to make sure fast idle is to
specification

Specification
Engine SpeedFast Idle ................................................... 2375 25 rpm

8. If fast idle is not correct:

Remove sealing wire.


Loosen lock nut and turn screw (C) counterclockwise
to increase rpm or clockwise to decrease rpm.
Tighten lock nut and install a new sealing wire using
a seal wire pliers.

9. Connect speed control rod (B).

CED,TX17864,246 1922OCT981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=140
Adjustments

Adjust Engine Speed Control Linkage


(S.N. 830204)
SPECIFICATIONS
Injection Pump Lever Override 36 mm (1/81/4 in.)
(Fast Idle)

UN18OCT88
1. Move speed control pedal to full fast idle position.

2. Measure the spring loaded injection lever override.

T6030AU
Override must be to specification. 9010
20
5
Specification
Injection Pump LeverOverride
(Fast Idle) .............................................................. 36 mm (1/81/4 in.)

TX,9010,BG794 1905MAR971/2

3. If measurement is not within specification, remove


loader control valve cover and disconnect swivel (B)
from lever (A).

4. Disconnect yoke (D) and loosen nut (E).

UN29MAR90
5. Move pump lever by hand until override is within
specifications.

6. Turn yoke until holes align and connect yoke (D) and

T6030AV
lever. Tighten nut (E).

7. Be sure speed control pedal is against the fast idle


stop, loosen nut (C), adjust swivel (B) to align hole in
lever (A) and connect swivel and lever. Tighten nut (C).

8. Check speeds to make sure slow and fast idle are


correct. (See Slow and Fast Idle Adjustment in this
group.)
UN29MAR90
ALever
BSwivel
CNut
T6030AW

DYoke
ENut

TX,9010,BG794 1905MAR972/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=141
Adjustments

Adjust Engine Speed Control Linkage (S.N.


830205)
SPECIFICATIONS
Injection Pump Lever Override 36 mm (0.120.24 in.)
Override

1. Move speed control lever to extreme forward position.

UN13DEC96
2. Measure injection pump lever override. Override is
9010 measured at the top edge of the short lever (B) to the
20
edge of the long lever (B). Override must be to
6
specification.

T105635
Specification
Injection Pump Lever Override
Override ............................................................. 36 mm (0.120.24 in.)

3. Adjust swivel on speed control rod to provide override.

4. Move speed control lever to rear most position and


check override. Override must be 0.5 mm (0.02 in.)

UN30OCT98
minimum.

5. Recheck high idle for a minimum of 3 mm (0.12 in.)


override.

T118064B
6. Open access door on reservoir cowling to adjust foot
control pedal.

Continued on next page TX,9010,BG796 1905MAR971/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=142
Adjustments

7. Disconnect swivel (A) from rod (B). Adjust vertical rod


(C) length to allow foot control pedal to stop on floor
with hand lever in the extreme forward position.

ASwivel
BRod (Speed Control Pedal)
CVertical Rod

9010
20
7

UN13DEC96
T105636
TX,9010,BG796 1905MAR972/2

Adjust Speed Control Lever Tension

Tighten nut (A) until force required to move lever using a


spring scale is to specification.

Specification

UN11MAY94
Speed Control Lever Tension
Force .............................................................. 6271 N (1416 lb force)

T8219CA
(S.N. 830205 ) Shown

TX,9010,BG797 1901APR971/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=143
Adjustments

9010
20
8

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-20-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=144
Group 25
Tests
Cooling System Test

SPECIFICATIONS
Cooling System Test Pressure 70 kPa (0.7 bar) (10 psi)
Radiator Cap Opening Pressure 82.7110 kPa (0.821.02 bar)
(1215 psi)

UN27OCT88
SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
DO5104ST Cooling System Pressure Pump

T5903AA
9010
1. Check cooling system for leaks using a DO5104ST
25
cooling system pressure pump. 1

Specification
Cooling System TestPressure ........................ 70 kPa (0.7 bar) (10 psi)

2. Test radiator cap using cooling system pressure pump.

3. If opening pressure is not within specification, install a


new cap.

Specification
Radiator Cap OpeningPressure........... 82.7110 kPa (0.821.02 bar)
(1215 psi)

10T,9010,K96 1909MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=145
Tests

Radiator Air Flow Test

SPECIFICATIONS
Radiator Air Flow Test Engine Fast idle
Speed
Typical Test Voltage Reading 3.00 volts

ESSENTIAL TOOLS
JT05529 Air Flowmeter

9010 SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS


25
2 Volt-Ohm Meter

1. Lower all equipment to the ground.

2. Apply park brake.

3. Straighten any bent fins in radiator or hydraulic oil


cooler.

UN01NOV88
4. Divide grille into 16 equal squares.

5. Connect air flowmeter to voltmeter. Set meter on A.C.


volts.

T6080AH
6. Start and run engine at fast idle.

Specification
Radiator Air Flow TestEngine
Speed ........................................................................................... Fast idle

7. Place air flowmeter in contact with grille. Arrow on


meter must point in direction of air flow (toward
machine).

8. Record voltage reading for each area.

9. Average of combined total of air flow test readings


must be approximately at specifications.

Specification
Typical TestVoltage Reading ................................................... 3.00 volts

10. If readings are less than specifications, clean external


surfaces of oil cooler and radiator. Repeat test.

1025,DS4253 1909MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=146
Tests

JT05529 Air Flowmeter Test Record

PRE-TEST INSPECTION

CUSTOMER NAME:
CUSTOMER ADDRESS:
DATE:
MACHINE MODEL NO.
SERIAL NO.

9010
SERV SERV 25
OK REQD OK REQD 3
Coolant Level
Belt Tension Correct Fan Installation (Sucker
Fan)
Radiator Fin Condition Radiator Cap
Fan Tip & Shroud Condition

TX,1025,DS4254 1909MAR931/2

AIR FLOW TEST

1.

Park brake ON and side shields closed.

2. Divide the surface of the grille into 16 equal squares.

3. Start engine.

4. Perform air flow test at fast idle. Observe correct air


flow direction and place air flowmeter in direct contact
with grille. (Arrow pointing to grille).

5. Record air flow in each square.

6. Average of combined total of air flow test readings


must be approximately at specifications.

UN13NOV92
T7886AE

TX,1025,DS4254 1909MAR932/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=147
Tests

Engine Performance Using Turbocharger


Boost Pressure Test
SPECIFICATIONS
Transmission Temperature 65 4C (130F 10F)
Engine Temperature At operating temperature

UN23AUG88
Engine Using No. 1 Diesel Fuel 5165.5 kPa (0.510.65 bar)
Minimum Turbocharger Boost (7.59.5 psi)
Pressure at 2200 rpm With
Muffler Installed

X9811
9010 Engine Using No. 2 Diesel Fuel 5569 kPa (550.69 bar) 810
25 Minimum Turbocharger Boost psi)
4 Pressure at 2200 rpm With
Muffler Installed

SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS


Gauge 0200 kPa (02 bar) (030 psi)
Digital Thermometer

UN12NOV92
CAUTION: Escaping fluid under pressure can
penetrate the skin causing serious injury.
Relieve pressure before disconnecting

T7886AF
hydraulic or other lines. Tighten all connections
before applying pressure. Keep hands and body
away from pinholes and nozzles which eject S.N. 830204
fluids under high pressure. Use a piece of
cardboard or paper to search for leaks. Do not
use your hand.

If ANY fluid is injected into the skin, it must be


surgically removed within a few hours by a
doctor familiar with this type injury or gangrene

UN09JAN97
may result.

1. Install gauge and digital thermometer. See procedure


in Section 9020.

T105842
2. Raise wheels off ground with stabilizer and bucket.
S.N. 830205

3. Bring transmission and engine to specified


temperature. See Transmission Warm-Up Procedure in
Section 9020.

Specification
TransmissionTemperature ............................. 65 4C (130F 10F)
EngineTemperature ........................................ At operating temperature

Continued on next page TX,9010,BG798 1905MAR971/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-4 710D Backhoe Loader


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Tests

4. Operate engine at fast idle speed, shift transmission to


1st forward and load engine down to rated speed by
applying service brakes. Record highest pressure
reading.

5. If boost pressure is below specification, remove muffler


and repeat test.

Specification
Engine Using No. 1 Diesel Fuel
Minimum Turbocharger Boost
9010
Pressure at 2200 rpm With
25
Muffler Installed ......................................... 5165.5 kPa (0.510.65 bar)
5
(7.59.5 psi)
Engine Using No. 2 Diesel Fuel
Minimum Turbocharger Boost
Pressure at 2200 rpm With
Muffler Installed .................................... 5569 kPa (550.69 bar) 810
psi)

6. Slowly activate the boom raise function to apply a load


to the engine. The gauge will show a pressure rise and
then a pressure drop.

If the boost pressure does not drop, use the following


procedure to apply additional load to the engine:

Lower stabilizers to raise wheels off ground.


Put machine in first gear.
Apply brake pressure until boost pressure begins to
drop.

7. Record the highest pressure and the rpm that was


obtained.

NOTE: New engines will not develop specified boost


pressure. Check after 50 hours operation.

IMPORTANT: Gauge accuracy is very critical for this


test. DO NOT make adjustment to
injection pump fuel delivery on tractor.

8. If boost pressure is too high, remove and test fuel


injection pump.

9. If boost pressure is too low, see Engine Does Not


Develop Full Power in Group 9010-15.

TX,9010,BG798 1905MAR972/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=149
Tests

Air Intake System Leakage Test

SPECIFICATIONS
Air Intake System Regulated 13.820.7 kPa (0.130.21 bar)
Pressure (23 psi)

UN25OCT88
SERVICE EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
JDG51 Air Regulator With Gauge

IMPORTANT: Anytime the air intake system is opened

T92026
9010 it must be tested for leaks before the
25
machine is returned to service.
6

1. Remove air cleaner cover and main filter element.

2. Put a plastic bag over safety element and install main


element and cover.

3. Remove plug from air intake tube and install JDG51

UN25OCT88
adapter (A).

4. Connect air pressure regulator to adapter using hose


and fitting (B).

T92027
CAUTION: Plastic bag can be sucked into S.N. 830204
engine if engine is started when trying to close
valves.

5. Pressurize air intake system to specifications.

Specification
Air Intake SystemRegulated
Pressure ................................................. 13.820.7 kPa (0.130.21 bar)

UN09JAN97
(23 psi)

If system cannot be pressurized, turn engine slightly to


close valves. Check plastic bag.

T105843
6. Spray soap solution over all connections from the air S.N. 830205
cleaner to the turbocharger or air inlet to check for
leaks. Repair all leaks.

TX,9010,BG799 1905MAR971/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=150
Tests

Fuel Line Leakage Test

Connections may allow air to enter the fuel system without


allowing fuel to leak out. Follow this procedure to find air
leaks in the system:

Disconnect fuel supply and fuel return lines at fuel tank.

Drain all fuel from system, including fuel transfer pump,


fuel injection pump and fuel filters.
9010
Securely plug end of fuel return pipe. 25
7

CAUTION: Do not exceed 103 kPa (1 bar) (15


psi).

Using a regulated pressure air source, pressurize the


system at the fuel supply line.

Apply liquid soap and water solution to all joints and


connections in the fuel system and inspect for leaks.

Repair any leaks.

Connect supply and return lines and prime system.

Start machine and let run for approximately 10 minutes.

NOTE: On engines with an in-line fuel injection pump, an


internal leak path may allow air to enter the fuel
system. If an internal pump leak is suspected,
remove the pump and have a pressure test
performed by an authorized repair station.

10T,9010,C145 1909MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=151
Tests

9010
25
8

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9010-25-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=152
Section 9015
Electrical System
Contents

Page Page

Group 05System Information Cab Side Console Harness (W6) (S.N.


Visually Inspect Electrical System . . . . . . . . .9015-05-1 815415-825657)
Electrical Wiring Diagram (1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-23
Circuit Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-2 Wiring Diagram (2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-24
Electrical Cab Side Console Harness (W6) (S.N.
Circuit Malfunction Definations. . . . . . . . . .9015-05-3 -825657)
Electrical Circuit Component Location (1 of 2) . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-25 9015
Malfunction Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-8 Component Location (2 of 2) . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-26
Malfunction Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-9 Cab Side Console Harness (W6) (S.N.
Using Test Equipment 825658-872256)
Multimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-15 Wiring Diagram (1 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-27
Seven Step Electrical Test Procedure . . .9015-05-16 Wiring Diagram (2 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-28
Wiring Diagram, Schematic, And Component Wiring Diagram (3 of 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-29
Location Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-18 Component Location (1 of 2) . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-30
Reading a System Functional Schematic . .9015-05-20 Component Location (2 of 2) . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-31
Reading A Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-21 Front Console Harness (W7)
Reading A Component Location Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-32
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-33
Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-22
Engine Harness (W8)
Reading Connector End View Diagram . . . .9015-05-24
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-34
Electrical Schematic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . .9015-05-26
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-35
Transmission Solenoid Harness (W9)
Group 10ASystem Diagrams (S.N. 872256) Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-36
Component Identification Table . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-1 Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-37
Fuse Blower Harness (W10)
Color Codes (Blade-Type) . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-2 Wiring Diagram (S.N. -825657) . . . . . . 9015-10A-38
Fuse Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-3 Component Location (S.N. -825657) . . 9015-10A-39
Wiring and Schematic Diagrams Legend. . 9015-10A-4 Wiring Diagram (S.N.
System Functional Schematic Section 825658-872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-40
Legend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-7 Component Location (S.N.
System Functional Schematic 825658-872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-41
(S.N. -825657) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-8 Air Conditioning Compressor Harness (W11)
System Functional Schematic (S.N. Wiring Diagram (S.N. -825657) . . . . . . 9015-10A-42
825658-872256) Component Location (S.N. -825657) . . 9015-10A-43
1 of 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-14 Component Location (S.N.
2 of 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-15 825658-872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-44
3 of 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-16 Radio Harness (W12)
4 of 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-17 Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-45
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-46
5 of 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-18
Auxiliary Valve Harness (W14)
Cab Roof Harness (W5)
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-47
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-19
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-48
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-20
Cab Side Console Harness (W6) (S.N. Group 10BSystem Diagrams (S.N. 872257 )
-815415) Component Identification Table . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-1
Wiring Diagram (1 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-21
Wiring Diagram (2 of 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10A-22 Continued on next page

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602
PN=1
Contents

Page Page

Fuse Schematic (S.N. 825658872256) . . . 9015-15A-10


Color Codes (Blade-Type) . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-2 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-11
Fuse Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-3 Start Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . 9015-15A-11
Wiring and Schematic Diagrams Legend. . 9015-10B-4 Charge Circuit
System Functional Schematic Section Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-14
Legend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-7 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-15
System Functional Schematic . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-8 Schematic (S.N. 815415) . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-16
Cab Roof Harness (W5) Schematic (S.N. 815416825657) . . . 9015-15A-17
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-15 Schematic (S.N. 825658872256) . . . 9015-15A-18
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-16 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-19
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-17 Charging Circuit Diagnostic
Side Console Harness (W6) Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-19
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-19 Display Module and Logic Module Circuit
9015 Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-22 With Logic Module
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-24 Operational Information (S.N.
Front Console Harness (W7) -815415). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-21
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-28 Theory of Operation (S.N. -815415). . . 9015-15A-22
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-29 Display Module and Logic Module Circuit
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-30 Without Logic Module
Engine Harness (W8) Operational Information (S.N. 815416
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-32 825627) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-22
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-34 Theory of Operation (S.N. 815416
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-35 825657) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-23
Blower Harness (W10) Theory of Operation (S.N. 825628
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-38 872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-24
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-39
Display Module and Logic Module Circuit
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-40
Schematic (S.N. 815415) . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-25
Air Conditioning Compressor Harness (W11)
Schematic (S.N. 815416825657) . . . 9015-15A-26
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-41
Schematic (S.N. 825658872256) . . . 9015-15A-27
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-42
Sub-System Diagnostics (S.N.
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location. . . 9015-10B-43
815415) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-28
Radio Harness (W12)
Sub-System Diagnostics (S.N.
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-44
815416872256). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-28
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-45
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location . . . 9015-10B-46 Display Module and Logic Module Circuit
Selective Flow Valve Harness (W15) Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-28
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-47 Indicator Circuit
Component Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-10B-48 Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-29
Connectors, Wire and Pin Location. . . 9015-10B-49 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-29
Theory of Operation (S.N. 815415) With
Group 15ASub-System Diagnostics (S.N. Logic Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-30
872256) Theory of Operation (S.N.
Power Circuit 815416825657) Without Logic
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-1 Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-31
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-1 Theory of Operation (S.N.
Schematic (S.N. -825657) . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-2 825658872256) Without Logic
Schematic (S.N. 825658-872256) . . . . . 9015-15A-3 Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-32
Subsystem Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-4 Schematic With Logic Module (S.N.
Power Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . 9015-15A-4 815415) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-33
Start Circuit Schematic Without Logic Module (S.N.
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-8 815416825657). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-34
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-8
Schematic (S.N. -825657) . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-9 Continued on next page

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=2
Contents

Page Page

Schematic Without Logic Module (S.N. Wiper/Washer Circuit


825658872256). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-35 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-63
Sub-System Diagnostics (S.N. Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-63
872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-36 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-64
Indicator Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . 9015-15A-36 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-65
MFWD Circuit Wiper/Washer Circuit Diagnostic
Specifications ( . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-39 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-65
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-40 Blower Circuit
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-40 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-68
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-41 Theory of Operation (S.N.
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-42 816286) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-68
MFWD Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . 9015-15A-42 Schematic (S.N. 816286) . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-69
Differential Lock Circuit Theory of Operation (S.N. 816287
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-43 872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-70 9015
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-43 Schematic (S.N. 816287872256) . . . 9015-15A-71
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-44 Sub-System Diagnostics (S.N.
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-45 872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-72
Differential Lock Diagnostic Blower Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . 9015-15A-72
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-45 Drive and Work Light Circuit
Start Aid Circuit Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-74
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-45 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-74
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-46 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-75
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-47 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-76
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-48 Drive and Work Light Circuit Diagnostic
Start Aid Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . 9015-15A-48 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-76
Park Brake/Neutral Disconnect Circuit
Fuel Shut-Off Circuit
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-77
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-48
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-77
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-49
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-78
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-50
Schematic (S.N. 815415) . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-79
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-51
Schematic (S.N. 815416825657) . . . 9015-15A-80
Fuel Shut-Off Circuit Diagnostic
Schematic (S.N. 825658872256) . . . 9015-15A-81
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-51
Sub-System Diagnostics (S.N.
Reverse Alarm Circuit
872256) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-82
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-52
Park Brake/Neutral Disconnect Circuit
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-52
Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-82
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-53 FNR/Range Control Circuit
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-54 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-86
Reverse Alarm Circuit Diagnostic Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-87
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-54 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-89
Dome Light Circuit Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-90
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-57 FNR/Range Control Circuit Diagnostic
Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-57 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-90
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-58 Horn Circuit
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-59 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-98
Dome Light Circuit Diagnostic Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-98
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-59 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-99
Radio Circuit Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-100
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-60 Horn Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . . . .9015-15A-100
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-60 Turn Signal, Flasher and Brake Light Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-61 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-100
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15A-62
Radio Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . 9015-15A-62 Continued on next page

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022602

PN=3
Contents

Page Page

Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-101 Charging Circuit Diagnostic


Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-103 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-13
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-104 Differential Lock Circuit
Turn Signal, Flasher and Brake Light Circuit Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-15
Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-104 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-16
Beacon Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-17
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-106 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-18
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-107 Differential Lock Circuit Diagnostic
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-108 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-18
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-109 MFWD Circuit
Beacon Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . .9015-15A-109 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-19
Return-to-Dig Circuit Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-19
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-109 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-20
9015 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-110 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-20
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-111 MFWD Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . 9015-15B-20
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-112 Radio Circuit
Return-to-Dig Circuit Diagnostic Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-22
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-112 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-22
Fuel Gauge and Hour Meter Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-23
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-113 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-24
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-113 Radio Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . 9015-15B-24
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-114 Dome Light Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-115 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-25
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-116 Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-25
Fuel Gauge and Hour Meter Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-26
Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-116 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-27
Auxiliary Valve Circuit Dome Light Circuit Diagnostic
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-118 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-27
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-118 Start Aid Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-119 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-27
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-120 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-28
Auxiliary Valve Circuit Diagnostic Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-29
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15A-120 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-30
Start Aid Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . 9015-15B-30
Group 15BSub-System Diagnostics (S.N. Fuel Shut-Off Circuit
872257 ) Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-30
Power Circuit Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-31
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-1 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-32
Theory of Opertion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-1 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-33
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-2 Fuel Shut-Off Circuit Diagnostic
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-3 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-33
Power Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . 9015-15B-3 Reverse Alarm Circuit
Start Circuit Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-33
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-5 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-34
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-6 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-35
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-7 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-36
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-8 Reverse Alarm Circuit Diagnostic
Start Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . 9015-15B-8 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-36
Charging Circuit Air Adjust Seat Circuit
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-10 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-39
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-11 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-39
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-12
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-13 Continued on next page

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022602

PN=4
Contents

Page Page

Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-40 Turn Signal, Flasher, and Brake Light Circuit


Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-41 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-77
Air Adjust Seat Circuit Diagnostic Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-78
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-41 Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-78
Blower Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-79
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-42 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-80
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-42 Turn Signal, Flasher, and Brake Light Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-43 Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-80
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-44 Beacon Circuit
Blower Circuit Diagnostic Procedures . . . 9015-15B-44 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-84
Air Conditioning Circuit Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-84
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-45 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-85
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-45 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-86
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-46 Beacon Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . . 9015-15B-86 9015
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-47 Return-to-Dig Circuit
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-48 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-87
Blower/Air Conditioning Circuit Checks . . 9015-15B-48 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-87
Wiper/Washer Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-88
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-51 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-89
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-51 Return-to-Dig Circuit Diagnostic
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-52 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-89
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-53 Fuel Gauge and Hour Meter Circuit
Wiper/Washer Circuit Diagnostic Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-91
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-53 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-91
Rear Work Light Circuit Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-92
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-93
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-56
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-94
Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-57
Fuel Gauge and Hour Meter Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-58
Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-94
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-59
Display Monitor Circuit
Rear Work Light Circuit Diagnostic
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-100
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-59
Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-101
Front Work and Drive Light Circuit
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-103
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-60
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-104
Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-60
Display Monitor Diagnostic
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-61
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-104
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-62 Indicator Circuit
Front Work and Drive Light Circuit Diagnostic Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-106
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-62 Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-107
Park Brake/FNR Circuit Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-108
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-63 Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-109
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-63 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-110
Theory Of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-64 Indicator Circuit Diagnostic
Schematic (Power Shift) . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-66 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-110
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-67 Selective Flow Valve Circuit
Park Brake/Neutral Disconnect Circuit Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-113
Diagnostic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-67 Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-114
Horn Circuit Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-115
Operational Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-75 Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-116
Theory of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-75 Selective Flow Valve Diagnostic
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-76 Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-15B-116
Sub-System Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . 9015-15B-77
Horn Circuit Diagnostic Procedures. . . . . 9015-15B-77 Continued on next page

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022602

PN=5
Contents

Page

Group 20References
Alternators and Starting MotorsUse
CTM77. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-1
JT05801 Clamp-On Electronic Tachometer
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-1
Battery Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-2
Battery Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-3
Diagnose Battery Malfunctions . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-4
Check Battery Electrolyte Level and
Terminals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-5
Procedure for Testing Batteries . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-7
Using Booster Batteries12 Volt System . . .9015-20-8
Alternator Operation
9015 78 Amp DELCO REMY (Serial No.
787513) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-10
95 Amp BOSCH (Serial No. 787514
) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-12
95 Amp BOSCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-13
Monitor Test in Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-14
Logic Module Test in Machine (S.N.
815415) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-15
Logic Module Bench Test (S.N.
815415) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-17
Tachometer Calibration
(S.N. 872256). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-18
(S.N. 872257 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9015-20-19

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=6
Group 05
System Information
Visually Inspect Electrical System

Make the following visual electrical inspection prior to


starting the machine after receiving customer complaint:

1. Look for bare wires that could ground a component or


short across to another component.

2. Look for missing or worn conduit. This could indicate a


wire problem.

3. Look for loose or broken connectors and wires.

4. Inspect batteries for:

Corroded terminals
9015
Loose terminals or battery posts 05
Dirty condition 1
Damp condition
Cracked case
Proper electrolyte level

5. Check alternator belt tension.

6. After machine has been shut down for five minutes


inspect for overheated parts. They will often smell like
burned insulation. Put your hand on the alternator.
Heat in these parts when the unit has not been
operated for some time is a sure clue to charging
circuit problems.

7. If your visual inspection does not indicate the possible


malfunction, but your inspection does indicate that the
machine can be run, turn the key switch to the IGN
position. Try out the accessory circuits, indicator lights,
gauge lights. How does each of these components
work? Look for sparks or smoke which might indicate
shorts.

8. Start machine. Check all gauges for good operation


and check to see if system is charging or discharging.

9. In general, look for anything unusual.

Many electrical failures cannot be detected even if the


machine is started. Therefore, a systematic and complete
inspection of the electrical system is necessary.

CED,OUTX466,1353 1903FEB991/1

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022602

PN=155
System Information

Circuit Malfunctions

9015
05
2

1919DEC97
T112479
ABattery CSwitch DLight EGround
BFuse

There are four common circuit malfunctions: 2. Open Circuit.


3. Grounded Circuit.
1. High-Resistance Circuit. 4. Shorted Circuit.

AG,tx13067,2 1903FEB991/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=156
System Information

Definition of Circuit Malfunctions

9015
05
3

1917DEC97
T112473
ABattery CSwitch ELight FGround
BFuse DHigh Resistance

A High Resistance Circuit has high resistance (D). An


example would be a loose or corroded connection that
causes a voltage drop and reduces current flow.

Continued on next page AG,tx13067,4 1903FEB991/5

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=157
System Information

9015
05
4

1917DEC97
T112476
ABattery CSwitch ELight FGround
BFuse DOpen

An Open Circuit has an open (D), such as a broken


wire, that prevents current from flowing in the circuit.

Continued on next page AG,tx13067,4 1903FEB992/5

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=158
System Information

9015
05
5

1917DEC97
T112477
ABattery CSwitch ELight FGround
BFuse DGrounded Circuit

A Grounded Circuit (shorted circuit) has a power wire provides continuity to the battery ground terminal
with its insulation rubbed through contacting the (shorted to ground).
machine frame causing a grounded circuit (D). This

Continued on next page AG,tx13067,4 1903FEB993/5

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=159
System Information

9015
05
6

1922DEC97
T112583
ABattery ECircuit Ground ISensor Signal Wire Shorted KController
BFuse F1 FController Ground To Ground LFuse F2
CSwitch GSensor JSensor Voltage Wire
DLight HSensor Ground Wire Shorted To Ground
Shorted To Ground

A sensor circuit shorted to ground has one or more wire (H) shorted to machine ground or a grounded
sensor wires, voltage wire (J), signal wire (I) or ground wire.

Continued on next page AG,tx13067,4 1903FEB994/5

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=160
System Information

9015
05
7

1922DEC97
T112584
ABattery ESensor Signal Wire GLight KController Ground
BFuse F1 Shorted to Power HCircuit Ground LFuse F2
CSwitch FSensor Ground Wire ISensor MBattery Ground
DSensor Voltage Wire Shorted to Power JController
Shorted to Power

A Sensor circuit shorted to power has one or more


sensor wires, voltage wire (D), signal wire (E) or
ground wire (F) shorted to a power source.

AG,tx13067,4 1903FEB995/5

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022602

PN=161
System Information

Location of Circuit Malfunctions

9015
05
8

1903FEB99
T120026
ABattery CSwitch DLoad (Light) EGround
BFuse

In a simple electrical circuit malfunctions only occur at 3. After the load (D).
three locations:
Failed components can be diagnosed as circuit
1. Before the controlling switch (C). malfunctions. Isolate malfunctions to determine the
2. Between controlling switch (C) and load (D). cause of failure.

CED,TX13067,1 1903FEB991/1

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022602

PN=162
System Information

Troubleshooting Circuit Malfunctions

9015
05
9

1903FEB99
T120025
ABattery DSwitch Terminal GOpen JLoad (Light)
BFuse EResistance HConnector KGround
CSwitch FConnector IComponent Terminal

High Resistance Circuit: 5. If voltage is normal, the malfunction is between


point of measurement and circuit ground. Continue
1. A high resistance circuit results in slow, dim or no measuring voltage toward circuit ground until low
component operation. High resistance can be voltage is found. Malfunction is between last two
caused by loose, corroded or oily connector points of measurement.
terminals.
2. High resistance can be caused by wire that is too Open Circuit:
small or has broken strands internally.
3. Troubleshoot a high resistance circuit by measuring 1. An open circuit results in no component operation.
voltage between the switch and load with the switch An open circuit can be caused broken wires,
ON. disconnected connector, blown fuse or tripped
4. If voltage is low, the malfunction is between the circuit breaker.
point of measurement and the battery. Continue 2. Troubleshoot an open circuit by replacing the fuse
measuring voltage toward battery until normal or resetting the circuit breaker, then measure
voltage is found. Malfunction is between last two voltage between the switch and load with the switch
points of measurement. ON.

Continued on next page CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB991/6

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022602

PN=163
System Information

3. If voltage is zero, the malfunction is between the 4. If voltage is normal, the malfunction is between
point of measurement and the battery. Continue point of measurement and circuit ground. Continue
measuring voltage toward the battery until normal measuring voltage toward circuit ground until zero
voltage is found. Malfunction is between last two voltage is found. Malfunction is between last two
points of measurement. points of measurement.

Continued on next page CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB992/6

9015
05
10

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022602

PN=164
System Information

9015
05
11

1917DEC97
T112481
AFuse (Power Side) DSwitch Terminal FGrounded Circuit HLoad (Light)
BFuse (Circuit Side) EWire Terminal GComponent Terminal IGround
CSwitch

Grounded Circuit: 4. If continuity is not measured, measure continuity to


frame ground, between switch terminal (D) and
1. A grounded circuit results in no component component terminal (G).
operation and the fuse blown or circuit breaker 5. If continuity is measured, the malfunction is
open. between switch and component. Inspect wire
2. Troubleshoot a grounded circuit by turning the harness for burned areas or insulation rubbed off a
switch OFF, and checking continuity to frame wire.
ground between the fuse circuit side (B) and switch
(C).
3. If continuity is measured, the malfunction is
between fuse and switch. Inspect wire harness for
burned areas or insulation rubbed off a wire.

Continued on next page CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB993/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=165
System Information

9015
05
12

1919DEC97
T112482

Continued on next page CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB994/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=166
System Information

ABattery HCircuit Wire Shorted To NSensor Signal Wire QController


BFuse F1 Ground Shorted To Sensor Ground RController Ground
CFuse F2 ILight E1 Wire SFuse F3
DSwitch S2 JCircuit Ground OSensor Voltage Wire TBattery Ground
EBattery Wire Shorted To KCircuit Ground Shorted To Sensor Ground
Circuit LLight E2 Wire
FSwitch S1 MSensor PSensor Signal Wire
GCircuit Wire Shorted To Shorted To Sensor Voltage
Circuit Wire

Circuit Shorted to Power: in the component, or the sensor circuit the


controller no longer receives a normal signal.
1. Complex circuits can fail in numerous ways. Circuits Abnormal signals received by a controller mean
can short to other circuits causing components to part of the circuit has a malfunction.
operate when unrelated switches are turned ON. In 2. Sensor circuits can fail in numerous ways. Service
the example if switch S1 (F) is ON and wires are Codes will be generated when sensor circuits fail.
shorted at (G) light E1 (I) and E2 (L) will be ON. Controllers may allow the component to operate
2. Components can operate even when all switches normally, may allow operation in a reduced capacity 9015
are OFF. In the example if wires are shorted at (E), such as a limp home mode, or the controller may 05
13
light E2 will be ON all the time. prevent any component operation.
3. Components can operate strangely. In the example 3. If a sensor circuit signal wire (N) shorts to a ground
if wires are shorted at (H), fuse F1 (B) will blow wire, a Short to Ground Service Code may be
when switch S1 is turned ON. If switch S2 (D) is generated
turned ON, light E2 will operate normally and light 4. If a sensor circuit voltage wire (O) shorts to ground,
E1 may be very dim, or light E1 and E2 may be a Service Code may or may not be generated, but
dim, even if fuse F1 is blown. other sensors connected to the controller will cease
to work, because their supply voltage will also be
Sensor Circuit Shorted to Itself: shorted to ground. Erratic operation of the monitor
may result.
1. Sensors are part of a controller circuit. Controllers 5. If a sensor circuit voltage wire (P) shorts to the
are used to operate components like engines, sensor signal wire a Service Code may or may not
transmissions or hydraulic systems. Sensors send be generated. The controller may receive a signal
information such as speed, pressure or temperature indicating the sensor is reading its maximum upper
from the component to the controller to monitor or lower limit.
operation of the component. If a malfunction occurs

Continued on next page CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB995/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=167
System Information

9015
05
14

1922DEC97
T112583
ABattery ECircuit Ground ISensor Signal Wire Shorted KController
BFuse F1 FController Ground To Ground LFuse F2
CSwitch GSensor JSensor Voltage Wire
DLight HSensor Ground Wire Shorted To Ground
Shorted To Ground

Sensor Circuit Shorted to Ground: 3. If a sensor voltage wire shorts to a machine ground
wire (J), a Service Code may be generated. The
1. If a sensor circuit ground wire shorts to a machine monitor indicator for the sensor may illuminate.
ground wire (H), a service code probably wont be
generated. Sensor operation may be normal.
2. If a sensor signal wire shorts to a machine ground
wire (I), a Short to Ground service code may be
generated.

CED,TX13067,2 1903FEB996/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=168
System Information

Multimeter

The multimeter is an auto-ranging digital display that


allows very accurate readings to be taken.

ADisplay
BVoltage AC (Alternating Current)
CVoltage DC (Direct Current)
DResistance
EDiode Test/Continuity
FCurrent AC (Alternating Current)
GCurrent DC (Direct Current)
HVoltage, Resistance, Diode/Continuity (Red Lead
Input)
IGround (Black Lead Input)
JCurrent/Amps (Red Lead Input)

9015
05
15

1903SEP93
T8074AA
TX,9015,MM2916A 1920MAR961/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-15 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=169
System Information

Seven Step Electrical Test Procedure

9015
05
16

1905MAR92
T7719AA
ABattery Ground DFuse Or Circuit Breaker GBattery Side Of IGround Side Of Component
BBattery EComponent Side Of Fuse Component Terminal Terminal
CBattery Side Of Fuse Or Or Circuit Breaker HLight (Component) JComponent Ground
Circuit Breaker FSwitch

Step 1Switch ON
Check battery side of circuit breaker (C) for battery voltage Battery voltage normal. Go to Step 2.
Low voltage, repair high resistance.
Open circuit from battery.
Step 2Switch OFF
Check component side of circuit breaker for battery voltage Battery voltage normal. Go to Step 4.
Low voltage, repair high resistance.
No voltage. Go to Step 3.

Continued on next page TX,9015,MM2917B 1901MAY951/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-16 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=170
System Information

Step 3Switch OFF


Check component side of circuit breaker for continuity to ground Continuity to ground. Repair grounded circuit at or before switch.
No continuity to ground, replace circuit breaker.
Step 4Switch ON
Check component side of circuit breaker for battery voltage Battery voltage normal. Go to Step 6.
Low voltage, repair high resistance.
No voltage. Go to Step 5.
Step 5
Disconnect wire at battery side of component (G). Switch ON. Check Battery voltage, repair component.
wire at (G) for battery voltage
No voltage, repair grounded or open circuit at or after switch.
Step 6Switch ON
Check lead to component at (G) for battery voltage Battery voltage normal. Go to Step 7.
Low voltage, repair high resistance in circuit between fuse and
component. 9015
05
No voltage, repair high resistance or open circuit between fuse and
17
component.
Step 7Switch ON
Check ground wire of component at (I) for voltage No voltage, good continuity to ground.
Repair component.
Voltage, poor continuity to ground. Repair high resistance or open
ground circuit.

TX,9015,MM2917B 1901MAY952/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-17 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=171
System Information

Wiring Diagram, Schematic, And Component


Location Information

System Functional Schematic Diagram

The System Functional Schematic is a schematic diagram


of the complete machine. All harnesses are identified by
letter/number designation and description (W1 Engine
Harness, W2 Dash Harness, Etc.). Each wire is identified
by number and/or color (G01 BLK, R02 Red, RED/WHT,
BLU/GRN, Etc.). All components are identified by
letter/number designation, description and are represented
by a schematic symbol. Component letter/number
designation, (K1 Start Relay, S1 Key Switch, B9 Horn,
Etc.) will indicate that component throughout the manual.
9015 The System Functional Schematic Diagram is divided into
05 Sections. Each section contains one or more electrical
18 circuits. Each section is indicated by a number and circuit
(SE1 CHARGING CIRCUIT, SE2 STARTING CIRCUIT,
Etc.).

UN27FEB90
Wiring DiagramIf Provided

The Wiring Diagram shows each wiring harness, wire

T85958
color, wire destination, harness connectors, and schematic
symbols for each electrical component connected to that
harness. Harnesses are identified by the same
letter/number designation and description used in the
System Functional Schematic Diagram (W1 Engine
Harness, W2 Dash Harness, Etc.). Each component
schematic symbol will be identified by the same
letter/number designation used in the System Functional
Schematic Diagram. Harness connectors will be identified
by a letter/number designation and description (X1 CAB
HARNESS TO ENGINE HARNESS CONNECTOR, X3
DASH HARNESS TO HEATER BLOWER HARNESS
CONNECTOR, Etc.).

Continued on next page CED,OUTX466,1361 1903FEB991/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-18 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=172
System Information

Component Location Diagram

The Component Location Diagram is a pictorial view by


harness showing location of all electrical components,
connectors, harness main ground locations and harness
band and clamp location. Each component will be
identified by the same identification letter/number and
description used in the System Functional Schematic
Diagram.

NOTE: All System Functional Schematics, Circuit


Schematics, and Wiring Diagrams are shown with
key switch in the off position.

Connector End View DiagramIf Provided


9015
The connector end view diagram is a pictoral end view of 05
the component connectors showing the number of pins in 19
the connector and the wire color and identifier of the wire
in every connector. Each component will be identified by
the same identification letter/number and description used
in the System Functional Schematic Diagram.

CED,OUTX466,1361 1903FEB992/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-19 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=173
System Information

Reading a System Functional Schematic

9015
05
20

1929MAY91
T7502CE
APower Wires DComponent Identification EComponent Name GCircuit Name
BContinuity Chart Code FGround Wires HSection Number
CComponent Schematic
Symbol

The System Functional Schematic is made up of component identification code (D). A continuity chart
sections which contain one or more Subsystem (B) is included for each multi-terminal switch.
Functional Schematic laid out side by side in a logical
sequence of related functions. Each Subsystem is a The same names and identification letter codes are
major group of components like starting components or used on all machine drawings, the System Functional
charging components (H). Sections are named to Schematic, System Wiring and Harness Diagram, and
reflect that group of components (G). The System the System Component Location Drawing.
Functional Schematic is formatted with power supply Components and connectors can easily be
wires (A) shown across the top of the drawing and cross-referenced from one drawing to another. See
ground wires (F) across the bottom. The diagram Group -10 for Component Identification Legend.
contains no harness or connector information.

Each electrical component is shown by a schematic


symbol (C), the component name (E), and a

TX,9015,MM2919B 1912APR941/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-20 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=174
System Information

Reading A Wiring Diagram

9015
05
21

1910AUG95
T8534AC
AHarness Connector DComponent Connector GHarness Identification JWire Number And/Or Color
Letter/Number EWire Number And/Or Color Letter/Number And KHarness Connector Pin
Identification FComponent(s) Identification Description Number Or Letter
BComponent Letter/Number Number/Letter Wire Is HWiring Harness
Identification Routed To IComponent(s) Identification
CComponent Connector Pin Number/Letter Wire Is
Number Or Letter Routed To

Each harness on the machine is drawn showing Main harness connectors (A) are identified by a
components, connectors, and wires. Harnesses (G) letter/number designation and description (X2 PARK
are identified by a letter/number designation and BRAKE HARNESS TO DASH HARNESS
description (W3 PARK BRAKE HARNESS, Etc.). CONNECTOR, Etc.). Harness connector description
indicates which harnesses connect together.
Each component (B) is represented by a schematic Connector pin numbers or letters (K) are indicated as
symbol and is identified by the same letter/number they are marked on the connector. Wires attached to
designation and description used in the System each connector pin are identified by number and/or
Functional Schematic. Components with integral color designation (J). Component identification
connectors (D) have pin number/letters indicated (C). number/letter (I) indicates destination of each wire.
Wires from harness to components are identified by
letter/number designation (E). Component identification Harness, harness connector, and component
letter/number (F) indicates component wire is routed identification letter/numbers and description are the
to. same as used on the System Functional Schematic.

CED,OUTX466,1363 1915OCT981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-21 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=175
System Information

Reading A Component Location Diagram

9015
05
22

1909FEB98
T113251

Continued on next page TX,9015,MM2920B 1927MAY981/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-22 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=176
System Information

AComponent Identification DMating Connector X FName of Harness IWire Number and Color
Number Identification Number GDiagram View of JRouting Destination(s) of
BComponent Name EHarness Component Connector Wire
CEnd View of Connector Identification Number HTerminal Numbers

NOTE: The same names and identification numbers Each connector that joins one harness to another is
are used on all machine schematic and identified by an X component identification number
harness electrical drawings throughout the and a name. An end view of the connector is shown.
Operation and Test Technical Manual so Also, a diagram view of the connector shows
components can easily be cross-referenced connector terminal number, wire number and color and
from one drawing to another. destination of each wire.

The component location by harness drawing is a For example, X18 connector connects the Cab Work
pictorial representation that shows harness routing, Light Harness to the Load Center Harness. Terminal 5
component location and mating harness connector of the connector contains L02 Brn Wire, which routes
information. to E20 Left Front Work Light, E21 Right Front Work
Light, E22 Left Rear Work Light, and E23 Right Rear 9015
The location of each component that is connected to Work Light. 05
the harness is shown and identified by its 23
alpha-numeric identification number.

TX,9015,MM2920B 1927MAY982/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-23 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=177
System Information

Reading Connector End View Diagram

9015
05
24

1905SEP97
T102978

Continued on next page CED,TX17864,1018 1903FEB991/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-24 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=178
System Information

Each wiring harness component location is followed by Work Lights, the connection would reference the
individual component connector drawings. These Connectors for Cab Work Light Harness on the page
drawings show an end view and a diagram view of following the component location drawing. This
each connector in the harness that connects to a drawing shows the end view of the wiring harness
component. connector for each component. In the case of L02
Brown wire, it is located in Terminal A for all three
In the preceding example, to see the location of L02 work lights.
Brn Wire in connectors for E20, E21, E22, and E23

CED,TX17864,1018 1903FEB992/2

9015
05
25

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-25 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=179
System Information

Electrical Schematic Symbols

9015
05
26

1903FEB99
T120028

Continued on next page TX,9015,MM2921 1926OCT931/4

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-26 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=180
System Information

9015
05
27

1903FEB99
T120029

Continued on next page TX,9015,MM2921 1926OCT932/4

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-27 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=181
System Information

9015
05
28

1903FEB99
T120030

Continued on next page TX,9015,MM2921 1926OCT933/4

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-28 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=182
System Information

9015
05
29

1922MAR99
T120031

TX,9015,MM2921 1926OCT934/4

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-29 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=183
System Information

9015
05
30

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-05-30 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=184
Group 10A
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
Component Identification Table

Each component (electrical device) and main connector


will have and identification letter assigned to it. A number
is added to the letter to separate and indicate the total
components within that letter group.

Identification
Letter Type Examples
A System, subassembly, parts group Control units, trigger boxes, two-way radios, logic module, FNR
logic module
B Transducer for conversion of non-electrical Speed sensors, pressure sensors, pressure switches horns,
variables to electrical and vice versa sensors, pickups, limit-value sensors, pulse generators,
loudspeakers, inductive pickups, probes, air-flow sensors,
oil-pressure switches, temperature sensors, ignition-voltage pickups
C Condenser, capacitor Condensers and capacitors, general
D Binary device, memory Digital devices, integrated circuits, pulse counters, magnetic tape 9015
recorders 10A
1
E Various devices and equipment Heating devices, air conditioners, light, headlights, spark plugs,
ignition distributors
F Protection device Release mechanisms, polarity protection devices, fuses, current
protection circuits
G Power supply, generator Batteries, generators, alternators, charging units
H Monitor, alarm, signalling device Audible alarms, indicator lights, turn-signal lights, brake lights,
alarms, warning lights, buzzers
K Relay Battery relays, turn-signal relays, solenoid switches, starting relays,
warning flashers
L Inductor Choke coils, coils, windings
M Motor Blower motors, fan motors, starter motors
N Regulator, amplifier Regulators (electronic or electromechanical), voltage stabilizers
P Measuring instrument Ammeter, diagnostic connectors, tachometers, fuel gauge, pressure
gauges, measuring points, test points, speedometers
R Resistor Flame glow plugs, sheathed-element flame glow plugs, glow plugs,
heating resistors, NTC resistors, PTC resistors, potentiometers,
regulating resistors

Continued on next page TX,901505,QQ381 1916SEP921/2

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-1 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=185
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

Identification
Letter Type Examples
S Switch Switches and pushbuttons, general key switch, light switch, horn
switch, flasher switch
T Transformer Ignition coil, ignition transformer
U Modulator, converter DC transformers
V Semiconductor, electron tubes Transistors, diodes, electron tubes, rectifiers, semiconductors,
thyristors, zener diodes
W Transmission path, conductor, antenna Antennas, shielding components, shielded conductors, cable
harnesses, conductors, ground conductors
X Terminal, plug, plug and socket connection Terminal studs, electrical connections, connectors electrical line
couplers, line connectors, sockets, plugs, terminals, plug-and-socket
connections
Y Electrically actuated mechanical device Permanent magnets, (solenoid-operated) injection valves,
electromagnetic clutches and brakes, air valves, fuel pumps,
solenoids, switching valves, start valves, locking systems
9015
Z Electrical filter Interference suppression filters
10A
2

TX,901505,QQ381 1916SEP922/2

Fuse (Blade-Type) Color Codes


Amperage Rating Color
1 Black
3 Violet
4 Pink
5 Tan
7-1/2 Brown
10 Red
15 Light Blue
20 Yellow
25 Natural (White)
30 Light Green

TX,9015,QQ6743 1928SEP921/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-2 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=186
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

Fuse Specifications (S.N. 872256)

9015
10A
3

1923SEP92
T7812AF
F17.5 Amp MFWD/ F630 Amp Heater/AC Circuit F117.5 Amp Left Turn Fuse F1610 Amp Start Fuse
Alternator/Diff Lock Fuse Breaker F127.5 Amp Right Turn Fuse K3Park Light Relay
F215 Amp Fuel/Ether Aid F715 Amp Rear Light/ Tail F1310 Amp RTD/Beacon K4Reverse Alarm Relay
and Reverse Alarm Fuse Light fuse Fuse K5Park Brake Relay
F35 Amp Dome Light/Radio F825 Amp Front Light Fuse F145 Amp Monitor/Gauge K6Neutral Relay
fuse F910 Amp FNR/Park Brake Fuse K7Alternator Sense Relay
F45 Amp Radio Fuse Fuse F1515 Amp Hazard/Monitor S21Flasher
(Unswitched Power) F1020 Amp Turn/Stop and Fuse (Unswitched
F515 Amp Wiper Fuse Horn Fuse Power)

IMPORTANT: Install fuse with correct amperage The fuse block is located on the side console inside an
rating to prevent electrical system access cover.
damage from overload.

TX,9015,QQ1700 1912MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-3 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=187
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

Wiring and Schematic Diagrams Legend (S.N. 872256)

NOTE: A1Shift Controller (SE10, W7) E6Right Rear Work Light (SE8,W5)
E7Left Front Drive Light (SE8,W5)
A1 indicates component identification E8Right Front Drive Light (SE8,W5)
number. E9Left Tail Light (SE8,W5)
Shift Controller indicates component name. E10Right Tail Light (SE8,W5)
SE10 indicates section number of SYSTEM E11Left Brake Light (SE13,W5)
FUNCTIONAL SCHEMATIC where E12Right Brake Light (SE13,W5)
component is located. E13Beacon Light (SE14,W5)
W7 indicates HARNESS WIRING DIAGRAM E14Fuel Gauge Light (SE15,W8)
and HARNESS COMPONENT LOCATION E15Seat Belt Light (SE9,W6)
drawings where component is located. F1MFWD/ALT/Diff Lock Fuse (SE2,W6)
F2Fuel Shutoff/Start Aid/Reverse Alarm Fuse
V1MFWD Solenoid Diode (SE2,W8) (SE5,W6)
F3Dome Light Fuse (SE3,W6)
9015
10A V1 indicates component identification F4Radio Fuse (Unswitched Power) (SE3,W6)
4 number. F5Windshield Wiper/Washer Fuse (SE4,W6)
MFWD Solenoid Diode indicates component F6Heater Circuit Breaker (SE6,W6)
name. F7Rear Work Light Fuse (SE7,W6))
SE1 indicates section number of SYSTEM F8Front Work Light Fuse (SE8,W6)
FUNCTIONAL SCHEMATIC where F9FNR/Park Brake Fuse (SE9,W6)
component is located. F10Turn/Stop/Horn Fuse (SE12,W6)
W8 indicates HARNESS WIRING DIAGRAM F11Left Turn Light Fuse (SE13,W6)
and HARNESS COMPONENT LOCATION F12Right Turn Light Fuse (SE13,W6)
drawings where component is located. F13Return-To-Dig/Beacon Fuse (SE14,W6)
F14Monitor Fuse (SE15,W6)
A1Shift Controller (SE10,W7) F15Hazard/Monitor Fuse (Unswitched Power)
A2Radio (W12) (SE16,W6)
B1Reverse Warning Alarm (SE5,W8) F16Start Fuse (SE11,W6)
B2Park Brake Sensing Switch (SE9,W8) F17Fuse Block (W6)
B3Horn (SE12,W8) G1Battery (SE1,W8)
B4Fuel Sender (SE15,W8) G2Alternator (SE1,W8)
B5Engine Coolant Temperature Switch (SE17,W8) H1Left Indicator Turn Light (SE13,W7)
B6Engine Oil Pressure Switch (SE17,W8) H2Left Front Turn Light (SE13,W5)
B7Air Filter Restriction Switch (SE17,W8) H3Left Rear Turn Light (SE13,W5)
B8Transmission Temperature Switch (SE17,W8) H4Right Front Turn Light (SE13,W5)
B9Hydraulic Filter Restriction Switch (SE17,W8) H5Right Rear Turn Light (SE13,W5)
B10Radio Speaker (W12) H6Right Indicator Turn Light (SE13,W7)
B11Brake Light Switches (SE13,W6) H7Logic Module (S.N. 815415) (SE16,W6)
B12Radio Speaker (W12) H8Display Module (SE16,W6)
E1Dome Light (SE3,W5) H9Red Warning Light (SE17,W6)
E2Swivel Light (SE3,W5) H10Yellow Warning Light (SE17,W6)
E3Left Front Work Light (SE8,W5) H11Alarm (SE17,W6)
E4Right Front Work Light (SE8,W5) K1Start Relay (SE1,W8)
E5Left Rear Work Light (SE8,W5) K2Accessory Relay (SE1,W6)

Continued on next page TX,9015,QQ3270 1910MAR971/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-4 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=188
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

K3Park Light Relay (SE9,W6) S28Swivel Light Switch (SE3,W5)


K4Reverse Alarm Relay (SE5,W6) S29Auxiliary Valve Solenoid (W14)
K5Park Brake Latching Relay (SE9,W6) S30Auxiliary Valve Foot Switch (W14)
K6Neutral Start Relay (SE11,W6) S31Seat Switch (S.N. 825628 )
K7Alternator Relay (SE16,W6) V1MFWD Solenoid Diode (SE2,W8)
K8Auxiliary Valve Relay (W14) V2Park Brake Solenoid Diode (SE9,W8)
M1Starter Motor (SE1,W8) V3Reverse Solenoid Diode (SE9,W8)
M2Rear Wiper Motor (SE4,W5) V4Forward Solenoid Diode (SE10,W8)
M3Left Hand Door Wiper Motor (SE4,W5) V5Neutral Disconnect Solenoid Diode (SE11,W8)
M4Right Hand Door Wiper Motor (SE4,W5) V64-Way Flasher Switch Diode (SE13,W7)
M5Washer Motor (SE4,W8) V74-Way Flasher Switch Diode (SE13,W7)
M6Heater Blower Motor (SE6,W6) V8Logic Module/Display Module Diode (SE15,W6)
M7Heater Blower Motor (S.N. 825657) V9Alternator Diode (SE1,W8)
(SE6,W6) V10Differential Lock Solenoid Diode (SE2,W8)
P1Fuel Gauge (SE15,W6) V11Park Brake Relay Diode (SE9,W6)
P2Tachometer (Optional) (SE15,W6) V12C1/B2 Solenoid Diode (SE10,W8)
9015
P3Hour Meter (SE15,W6) V13C2/B3 Solenoid Diode (SE10,W8) 10A
R1Heater Motor Resistor (SE6,W6) V14Auxiliary Valve Diode (W14) 5
S1Key Switch (SE2,W6) V15Park Warning Light Diode (S.N. 825658 )
S2MFWD Switch (SE2,W6) W1Machine Frame/Engine Block Ground/Left Side
S3MFWD Indicator Switch (SE2,W8) (SE1,W8)
S4Not Used W2Ground To Cab Frame (SE14,W5)
S5Front Wiper Switch (SE4,W7) W3Ground At Cab Floor (SE1,W8)
S6Rear Wiper Switch (SE4,W6) W4Engine Ground Strap (W8)
S7Windshield Washer Switch (SE4,W6) W5Cab Hoof Harness (W5)
S8Blower Switch (SE6,W6) W6Cab Side Console Harness (W6)
S9Front Light Switch (SE8,W7) W7Front Console Harness (W7)
S10Rear Light Switch (SE7,W6) W8Engine Harness (W8)
S11Forward and Reverse/Range Switch W9Transmission Solenoid Harness (W9)
(SE10,W7) W10Blower Harness (W10)
S12Park Brake Dash Switch (SE9,W6) W11Air Conditioning Compressor Harness (W11)
S13Neutral Disconnect Switch (SE11,W6) W12Radio Harness (W12)
S14Not Used W13Radio Antenna (W12)
S15Horn Switch (SE12,W6) W14Auxiliary Valve Harness (W14)
S16Turn Signal Switch (SE13,W7) X1Side Console Harness To Roof Harness
S174-Way Flasher Switch (SE13,W7) Connectors (W5,W6)
S18Beacon Switch (Optional) (SE14,W6) X2Side Console Harness To Roof Harness
S19Diff Lock Switch (SE2,W6) Connectors (W5,W6)
S20Return-To-Dig Switch (SE14,W8) X3Side Console Harness To Roof Harness
S21Flasher (SE13,W6) Connectors (W5,W6)
S22Heater Temperature Switch (W6) X4Transmission Solenoid Harness To Engine
S23Low Pressure Switch (W11) Harness (W8,W9)
S24High Pressure Switch (W11) X5Radio Harness To Radio Connector (W12)
S25Air Conditioning Switch (If Equipped) (W6) X6Blower Switch Connector (W10)
S26A/C Freeze Switch (W10) X7Display Module Connectors (W6)
S27Dome Light Switch (SE3,W5) X8Horn Switch Connector (W6)

Continued on next page TX,9015,QQ3270 1910MAR972/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-5 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=189
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

X9Rear Light Switch Connector (W6) X37Seat Belt Light Connector (W6)
X10Rear Wiper Switch Connector (W6) X38A.C. Switch Connector (W6)
X11Beacon Switch Connector (W6) X41Hour Meter or Auxiliary Valve Connector
X12MFWD Switch Connector (W6) (W14)
X13Park Brake Switch Connector (W6) X41AAuxiliary Valve Harness Connector (W14)
X14Start Aid Switch Connector (W6) X42Auxiliary Valve Harness Connector (W14)
X15Fuel Gauge Connector (W6) X43Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X16Key Switch Connector (W6) X44Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X17Logic Module 4-Pin Connector (W6) X45Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X18Logic Module 6-Pin Connector (W6) X46Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X19Logic Module 4-Pin Connector (W6) X47Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X20Logic Module 6-Pin Connector (W6) X48Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X21Side Console To Engine Harness Connectors X49Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
(W6,W8) X50Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X22Side Console To Engine Harness Connectors X51Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
(W6,W8) X52Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
9015
10A X23Floor Harness To Engine Harness Connectors X53Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
6 (W6,W8) X54Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
X24Side Console To Front Console Harness X55Splice (Inside Harness) (S.N. 825658 )
Connectors (W6,W7) X56Seat Switch Connector (S.N. 825658 ) (W6)
X25Side Console To Front Console Harness Y1MFWD Solenoid (SE2,W8)
Connectors (W6,W7) Y2Start Aid Solenoid (SE5,W8)
X26FNR/Range Switch Connectors (W7) Y3Fuel Shutoff Solenoid (SE5,W8)
X27Turn Signal Switch Connector (W7) Y4Park Brake Solenoid (SE9,W8)
X28Beacon Light Connector (W5) Y5Reverse/Solenoid (SE10,W9)
X29Roof Harness to Radio Harness Connector Y6Forward/Solenoid (SE10,W9)
(W5,W12) Y7Neutral Disconnect Solenoid (SE11,W9)
X30Splice (Inside Harness) (W6) Y8Hydraulic Pump Destroke Solenoid (SE 11,W8)
X31Forward Solenoid Connector (W8) Y9Return-To-Dig Solenoid (SE14,W8)
X32Clutch Disconnect Solenoid Connector (W8) Y10Air Conditioning Compressor (W11)
X33Connector for Air Conditioning Switch (W8) Y11Differential Lock Solenoid (SE2,W8)
X34Engine Harness To A/C Compressor Harness Y12C1/B2 Solenoid (SE10,W9)
Connector (W8,W11) Y13C2/B3 Solenoid (SE10,W9)
X35Side Console Harness To Blower Harness Y14Park Brake Solenoid (SE9,W8)
Connectors (W8,W10) Y15Auxiliary Valve Solenoid
X36Air Conditioning Clutch Cycle Switch
Connectors (W10)

TX,9015,QQ3270 1910MAR973/3

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-6 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=190
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

System Functional Schematic Section


Legend (S.N. 872256)

NOTE: SE1Battery/Ignition, Power, Charging and Start


Circuit (12 Volt System)

SE1 indicates section number of system


functional schematic where circuit is located.
Battery/Ignition, Power, Charging and Start
Circuit (12 Volt System) indicates circuit name.

SE1Battery/Ignition, Power, Charging and Start


Circuit (12 Volt System)
SE2MFWD and Differential Lock Circuit
SE3Dome Light and Radio Circuit
SE4Wiper and Washer circuit 9015
SE5Start Aid, Fuel Shut Off and Reverse Alarm 10A
Circuit 7
SE6Blower Circuit
SE7Rear Work Light Circuit
SE8Front Work and Drive Light Circuit
SE9Park Brake Circuit
SE10FNR/Range Control Circuit
SE11Neutral Disconnect Circuit
SE12Horn Circuit
SE13Turn Signal, Flasher and Brake Light Circuit
SE14Beacon and Return-To-Dig Circuit
SE15Gauge and Hour Meter Circuit
SE16Display Module and Logic Module Circuit
SE17Indicator Circuit

TX,9015,QQ1703 1912MAR931/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-7 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=191
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

System Functional Schematic (S.N. 825657)


T8542AF 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR971/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-8 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=192
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
T8542AG 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR972/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-9 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=193
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
T8542AH 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR973/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-10 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=194
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
T8542AI 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR974/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-11 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=195
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
T8542AJ 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR975/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-12 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=196
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)
T8542AK 1925APR97

TX,9015,QQ3257 1910MAR976/6

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-13 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=197
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

System Functional Schematic (S.N. 825658872256)


T117118 1916SEP98

ACC GROUND CIRCUIT


OFF (WIRE COLOR) G01 BLKENGINE HARNESS
ON KEY G10 BLKSIDE CONSOLE HARNESS OFF REAR OFF
OFF 9 MFWD LOW WIPER FRONT
BULB CHECK SWITCH ON G20 BLKROOF HARNESS OFF 9 WASHER LOW
SWITCH HIGH SWITCH WIPER
START 10 6 8 G30 BLKFRONT CONSOLE HARNESS ON SWITCH HIGH
3 5 1 SWITCH
BAT IGN ACC ST G BODY G40 BLKENGINE HARNESS TO SIDE CONSOLE HARNESS 1 5 3 5 1 7 4 6 2 8
B11B RED B11B RED
B12B RED B12B RED B12B RED
B12A RED B12A RED B12A RED
E22 WHT E22 WHT E22 WHT
ACC R31 BLK R31 BLK R31 BLK
S1 OFF B11D RED B11D RED
M39C PUR M39C PUR M39C PUR
ON
KEY B15 RED B15 RED B15 RED
BULB CHECK P13E RED
SWITCH START
F1 F4 F3
ACC F5
BAT B14 RED MFWD/ALT/ S19 DOME A61 ORG
UNSWITCHED WIPER/
DIFF. LOCK DIFF. LOCK LIGHT
RADIO FUSE A62 ORG
FUSE SWITCH FUSE WASHER FUSE
S5
FRONT A64
IGN ORG
T16 P14 RED WIPER A63
BLU

P13A RED
SWITCH ORG
P14C RED 2 6 1 5
ON
T16 OFF
ON 5 S7 II I O

P14A
RED
P13E RED BLU Y11
P13 OFF

P25 RED
P15A RED
ST RED I O WINDSHIELD
P13C DIFF.

B11B RED
RED
WASHER
LOCK P14G RED
K2 OFF 6 9 SWITCH
ON
V10 SOLENOID 4 8 3 7
G ACCESSORY M5
I O DIFF. 1

P13
RED
RELAY WASHER

B15 RED
LOCK P14 RED
B11 RED MOTOR A66 ORG
SOLENOID P15 RED
S2

M39C PUR
DIODE A65 ORG

A17 ORG
MFWD 8 10 A68 ORG
G10L BLK G10M BLK
B11C RED
SWITCH TO A2 RADIO ON 1 5 P14 RED

G05 BLK
G05 BLK

W55
BLU
RED CABLE (IF EQUIPPED) OFF
II I O

P15 RED
G1 M

M31 PUR
BATTERIES TO NEUTRAL

G20 BLK
WIRES A68 AND
E1
A69 ORG

P13B TAN
V1 W55
A63 ORG

START RELAY
P14 RED
A64 ORG

A66 ORG
A62 ORG

A65 ORG

A69 (SHOWN AS
A61 ORG

P14 RED
A68 ORG

V9
P14 RED

MFWD BLU DOME


+ SE11, K6 ALTER- 3 7 DASHED LINES)
LIGHT GRY
SOLENOID S6
NATOR ARE USED FOR
B14 RED
DIODE P14B RED REAR
DIODE (S.N. 816286)

M39
PUR
B11 RED G2 WIPER
B03 RED
RED
YEL

YEL

E23 WHT
GRN

RED
BLU

P13C
TAN
ALTERNATOR

G01 BLK
SWITCH
BLU

- E02 WHT E2
GRN

RED

YEL
BLU

W D+ SWIVEL
W3 K1 S LIGHT
BRN

GROUND START G
Y1 M2 M M
S27 M3 M4

BRN
NOT MFWD
AT CAB RELAY USED DOME REAR L.H. R.H. M
FLOOR SOLENOID WIPER
B+ S3 LIGHT DOOR DOOR
S28

E02 WHT
M MFWD SWITCH MOTOR WIPER WIPER
M1 B11 RED SWIVEL

BLK CABLE
STARTER INDICATOR MOTOR MOTOR

G10A BLK
LIGHT

G01 BLK
MOTOR SWITCH

E02 WHT
TO PARK SWITCH
G20 BLK

G20 BLK
G20 BLK
G20 BLK
G20 BLK

BRAKE

G30 BLK
G01 BLK
LATCHING RELAY
G01
BLK SE9, K5 G20 BLK
G02 BLK G02 BLK G20 BLK G20 BLK G20 BLK
G10A BLK G10 BLK G10 BLK
G40 BLK G40 BLK G40 BLK
G01 BLK G01 BLK G01 BLK
W1 SE1 POWER, CHARGING AND START CIRCUIT SE2 MFWD AND DIFFERENTIAL LOCK CIRCUIT SE3 DOME LIGHT AND RADIO CIRCUIT SE4 WIPER AND WASHER CIRCUIT
MACHINE FRAME/ENGINE
BLOCK GROUND LEFT SIDE SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL SCHEMATIC (1 OF 5)
T117118 CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE

CED,TX17864,148 1909SEP981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-14 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=198
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

System Functional Schematic (S.N. 825658872256)


T117119 1916SEP98

OFF GROUND CIRCUIT


OFF REAR LIGHT OFF (WIRE COLOR) G01 BLKENGINE HARNESS
BLOWER LOW ON FRONT 2 LIGHTS PARK ON 9
SWITCH LIGHT BRAKE OFF G10 BLKSIDE CONSOLE HARNESS
SWITCH MED 1 5 4 LIGHTS G20 BLKROOF HARNESS
HIGH SWITCH 3 2 1 6 SWITCH 10 5 1 6 8
B L M H C G30 BLKFRONT CONSOLE HARNESS
G40 BLKENGINE HARNESS TO SIDE CONSOLE HARNESS
B11B RED B11B RED B11B RED
B12B RED B12B RED B12D RED
B12A RED
E22 WHT E22 WHT E22 WHT
R31 BLK R31 BLK R31 BLK
B11D RED B11D RED B11D RED
M39 PUR M39 PUR M39 PUR
B15 RED B15 RED B15 RED

F2 P24C RED
F6 F8
FUEL SHUTOFF/ F7
B12C
RED

HEATER
START AID/REVERSE REAR WORK FRONT WORK
CIRCUIT F9
ALARM FUSE LIGHT FUSE LIGHT FUSE
BREAKER FNR/PARK
BRAKE FUSE

P16 RED
OFF L43 BRN M32A PUR

P17A RED

R
L42 BRN

2C
P1 ED
1 S8 L42 BRN
ON 1 ON S12 J27A TAN
2 1 6 8
BLOWER OFF OFF
II I O
PARK BRAKE J27A TAN
3 SWITCH I O E4
4
SWITCH (DASH) M32B PUR
S4 RIGHT

P12A RED
L42 BRN
P18A RED
E3
P24B RED

1
START YEL
S10 LEFT ON 1 7 2 8 10

518 RED
AID 5 3 2 OFF
REAR S9 V15 I O
SWITCH 2
BLU LIGHT PARK WARNING
B FRONT P18B RED FRONT
T13C BLU 518 RED SWITCH LIGHT LIGHT DIODE
M32A PUR

WORK
P18C RED
K4 3 LIGHTS SWITCH
PUR 5 6 9

G20 BLK
L43 BRN L43 BRN

P12B RED
L41A BRN
REVERSE

G20 BLK
J20B TAN
ALARM 4 L43 BRN J20A TAN
ORG
M01B
PUR

RELAY TO A2 RADIO P24E RED


L41 BRN
86 30 (IF EQUIPPED) T12A BLU

YEL
Y2

L43 BRN
REAR

E25 WHT
L41
BRN
START
L43 BRN

E5 E6
L43 BRN

PUR
WORK
P24F
RED
J27A TAN
J27A TAN

AID LEFT RIGHT L43 BRN 86 30


85 87A 87 LIGHTS E9 E10 E15

BLU
TAIL

G20 BLK
SOLENOID
M01A
PUR

R1 4 LEFT LIGHTS RIGHT SEAT


M32B PUR

ORG
BLOWER
M32C PUR

BELT
J20A TAN

B1 1 E7 E8
RESISTOR 85 87A 87
L43 BRN

3 K3 LIGHT
T12 BLU

REVERSE LEFT RIGHT PARK


2

P12 RED
WARNING ORG TO

M62 PUR
FRONT LIGHT
ALARM S31 SHIFT

G10G BLK
Z36D

RELAY
G20
BLK
G20
BLK

DRIVE

G20 BLK
G20 BLK
M6 SEAT CONTROLLER

ORG
LIGHTS SWITCH SE10, A1
HEATER

K6
B2
G10P BLK

G10R BLK
G10V BLK

BLOWER
G20
BLK

G01 BLK
TO W3 PARK TO
MOTOR TO TO
NEUTRAL GROUND M TO K7 BRAKE PARK
G20 BLK G20 BLK G20 BLK TO H9 TO NEUTRAL PARK
Y3 BRAKE

G20 BLK
START TO FNR/RANGE AT CAB ALTERNATOR SENSING START
FUEL RED STOP BRAKE
RELAY SWITCH FLOOR RELAY ALTERNATOR SWITCH LATCHING
RELAY SOLENOIDS
G01
BLK

G10P BLK
SHUTOFF SE10, S11 LIGHT RELAY RELAY

G01 BLK
SE11, K6 BLK
SE14, K7 SE11, K6 SE9, Y4, Y14
SOLENOID SE15, H9 SE14, K7 SE9, K5
G20 BLK ROOF HARNESS GROUND G20 BLK G20 BLK
G10A BLK SIDE CONSOLE HARNESS GROUND G10A BLK G10A BLK
G40 BLK G40 BLK G40 BLK
G01 BLK ENGINE HARNESS GROUND G01 BLK G01 BLK

SE5 START AID, FUEL SHUTOFF AND REVERSE ALARM CIRCUIT SE6 BLOWER CIRCUIT SE7 REAR WORK LIGHT CIRCUIT SE8 FRONT WORK AND DRIVING LIGHTS CIRCUIT SE9 PARK BRAKE CIRCUIT
T117119 SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL SCHEMATIC (2 OF 5) CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE

CED,TX17864,149 1909SEP981/1

TM1537 (26FEB02) 9015-10A-15 710D Backhoe Loader


022602

PN=199
System Diagrams (S.N. 872256)

System Functional Schematic (S.N. 825658872256)


T117120 1916SEP98

FNR SWITCH RANGE SWITCH N C2-B3 FWD C1-B2 REV N C2-B3 FWD C1-B2 REV GROUND CIRCUIT
WIRE WIRE RANGE 1ST FORWARD 2ND NEUTRAL (WIRE COLOR) G01 BLKENGINE HARNESS
COLOR FOR NEU REV COLOR 1 2 3 4 2ND FORWARD SOLENOIDS 3RD NEUTRAL SOLENOIDS G10 BLKSIDE CONSOLE HARNESS
DENOTES CONNECTIONS F YEL BLU 3RD FORWARD ENERGIZED 4TH NEUTRAL ENERGIZED G20 BLKROOF HARNESS
TO POWER (P24 RED) N GRY GRN 4TH FORWARD 1ST REVERSE G30 BLKFRONT CONSOLE HARNESS
R PNK BLK 1ST NEUTRAL 2ND-4TH REVERSE G40 BLKENGINE HARNESS TO SIDE CONSOLE HARNESS
B11B RED B11B RED
B12D RED B12D RED
E22 WHT E22 WHT
R31 BLK R31 BLK
B11D RED B11D RED
M39 PUR M39 PUR
B15 RED B15 RED
P24C RED RED
P24A RED P24A RED
T11 BLU
T12 BLU T12 BLU
T13 BLU F16
K5 D C B A START
PARK BRAKE S11 FUSE
LATCHING FNR/RANGE

P24C RED
RELAY GRN
SWITCH A1
GRY D RED

RED
RED SHIFT
86 30 PNK C RED

GRN
FNR CONTROLLER

RED

GRN

GRN
YEL B RED
N
R F R N F RED A RED GRN

J25 TAN
85 87A 87 E23
J20C WHT
TAN 86 30
87A
K6 86 30
D
V11 GRN NEUTRAL
85 87
PARK BLU C RED
RANGE TIME START
E22A WHT

BRAKE GRN B RED DELAY


2 3 4 86 30 RELAY
1 CIRCUIT

J20A TAN
RELAY A 87A 85 87A 87
T12A BLU

DIODE 85 87

T13 BLU

E2B WHT
86 30 86 30
87A 87A
E23 WHT

85 87 85 87
RED

S13
NEUTRAL E23 WHT

J27 TAN GRN DISCONNECT


GRN
G10G BLK

GRN SWITCH
GRN
GRN A B C D

T11 BLU

T13 BLU
E23 WHT

Y8

J27 TAN
Y4 Y14 V3 T13 T11 J27 TAN HYDRAULIC

J27 TAN
G10E BLK

PARK PARK REVERSE BLU V4 BLU T53 BLU T52


TO PUMP

J27 TAN
T52 BLU

T15 BLU REVERSE


BRAKE FORWARD T14 DESTROKE

J20A TAN

E2B WHT
V2 BRAKE SOLENOID BLU
BLU Y12 ALARM
PARK SOLE- SOLE- DIODE SOLENOID V12 SOLENOID

J27 TAN
Y6 Y7
T15 BLU

BRAKE NOID NOID Y5 DIODE C1/B2 V5 RELAY


C1/B2 Y13
T14 BLU

FORWARD NEUTRAL SE5, K9


SOLENOID REVERSE TO PARK SOLENOID SOLENOID C2/B3 NEUTRAL

G04
BLK
SOLENOID DISCONNECT

G30 BLK
DIODE SOLENOID BRAKE DIODE SOLENOID DISCONNECT
V13 SOLENOID
TO PARK G04 G01 SWITCH G01
SOLENOID
G04 BLK TO STARTER G01 C2/B3
BRAKE BLK BLK G01 BLK DIODE G01
MOTOR TO PARK BLK (DASH) TO LEFT SOLENOID
BLK BLK
G01 BLK

SWITCH TO REVERSE SE9, S12 TURN INDICATOR