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Calculate the pH of a buffer that is 0.

12 M in lactic acid
and 0.11 M in sodium lactate?

Best Answer: because you have a weak acid and its conjugate base
you have a buffer system .The pH of the system is calculated using the
Hendersen /Haselbach relationship

pH = pKa + log [base form]/[acid form]

The pKa for lactic acid is -log (1.3 X 10^-4) the ionization constant.
pKa= 3.89

so the pH = 3.89 + log 0.11/0.12 = 3.85.

Calculate the ph of a buffer formed by mixing 85 ml of


0.13 M lactic acid (HL) with 95 ml of 0.15 M NaL?
Mejor respuesta: pKa of lactic acid = 3.9

moles HL = 0.085 x 0.13 =0.011


moles L- = 0.095 L x 0.15 M=0.014

pH = 3.9 + log 0.014/ 0.011=4.0

Calculate the pH of a buffer that is 0.125 M in NaHCO3


and 0.105 in Na2CO3.?

Best Answer: (HCO3)-1 --> H+ & (CO3)-2


[0.125M] ....... [H+] .....[0.105M]

Ka for (HCO3)-1 from the back of my book: 5.6 e-11


5.6e-11 = [H+] [0.105] / [0.125]

[H+] = 6.67e-11

pH+ = 10.176

Calculate the pH of a solution formed by mixing 31. mL


of 0.40 M NaHCO3 with 79. mL of 0.15 M Na2CO3.?
Calculate the pH of a solution formed by mixing 31. mL of 0.40 M
NaHCO3 with 79. mL of 0.15 M Na2CO3.
The Ka=5.6 x 10-11 for HCO3-.
Mejor respuesta: pH = pKa + log([A-]/[HA]) (Henderson-Hasselbalch
Eqn.)
C1V1 = C2V2, or C2 = C1V1/V2.
Volume after mixing = V2 = 31 mL + 79 mL = 110 mL.
[A-] = [CO3--] = 0.15 M * 79 mL / 110 mL = 0.108 M.
[AH] = [HCO3-] = 0.40 M * 31 mL / 110 mL = 0.113 M.
Substituting,
pH = -log(5.6x10^-11) + log(0.108 / 0.113) = 10.2.

You are asked to prepare a pH=4.00 buffer starting


from 1.50 L of 0.0200 M solution of benzoic acid
(C6H5COOH) and an excess of sodium benzoate
(C6H5COONa).

What is the pH of the benzoic acid solution prior to


adding sodium benzoate?

How many grams of sodium benzoate should be added


to prepare the buffer? Neglect the small volume
change that occurs when the sodium benzoate is
added.
Initally it is a weak acid problem prior to the C6H5COONa addition so you run
an ICE table:
HX + H2O ----> H3O+ + X-
.02 - 0 0
-x - +x +x
.02-x - x x

Ka=6.5e-5=(x^2/.02)
by 5% rule

x=.0014

pH=-log(.0014)=2.94

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Part 2:

pH=pKa + log([base]/[acid])

this can be just in terms of base moles and acid moles since in same solution (ie
volume)

pH=pKa + log( mol base/ mol acid)

1.5L x (.02L/mol) = .03 mol C6H5COOH

4=4.18 + log(.03/ molC6H5COONa)

mol C6H5COONa= .046

.046mol C6H5COONa x (144.1 g/mol)= 6.65 g .


A buffer solution contains .10 mol of acetic acid & .13 mol of
sodum acetate in 1.00L.
(A) What is the pH of this buffer?
(B) What is the pH of the buffer after the addition of .02 mol of
KOH?
(C) What is the pH of the buffer after the addition of .02 mol
HNO3?

Best Answer: pH = pKa + log[CH3COO-] / [CH3COOH]

(A) pH = 4.74 + log 0.13/ 0.10 = 4.85

(B) moles acid = 0.10 - 0.02 =0.08


moles salt = 0.13 + 0.02 =0.15
pH = 4.74 + log 0.15/ 0.08 = 5.01

(C) moles acid = 0.10 + 0.02 = 0.12


moles salt = 0.13 - 0.02 = 0.11
pH = 4.74 + log 0.11/ 0.12 = 4.70