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# Calculate the pH of a buffer that is 0.

12 M in lactic acid
and 0.11 M in sodium lactate?

Best Answer: because you have a weak acid and its conjugate base
you have a buffer system .The pH of the system is calculated using the
Hendersen /Haselbach relationship

## pH = pKa + log [base form]/[acid form]

The pKa for lactic acid is -log (1.3 X 10^-4) the ionization constant.
pKa= 3.89

## Calculate the ph of a buffer formed by mixing 85 ml of

0.13 M lactic acid (HL) with 95 ml of 0.15 M NaL?
Mejor respuesta: pKa of lactic acid = 3.9

## moles HL = 0.085 x 0.13 =0.011

moles L- = 0.095 L x 0.15 M=0.014

## Calculate the pH of a buffer that is 0.125 M in NaHCO3

and 0.105 in Na2CO3.?

## Best Answer: (HCO3)-1 --> H+ & (CO3)-2

[0.125M] ....... [H+] .....[0.105M]

## Ka for (HCO3)-1 from the back of my book: 5.6 e-11

5.6e-11 = [H+] [0.105] / [0.125]

[H+] = 6.67e-11

pH+ = 10.176

## Calculate the pH of a solution formed by mixing 31. mL

of 0.40 M NaHCO3 with 79. mL of 0.15 M Na2CO3.?
Calculate the pH of a solution formed by mixing 31. mL of 0.40 M
NaHCO3 with 79. mL of 0.15 M Na2CO3.
The Ka=5.6 x 10-11 for HCO3-.
Mejor respuesta: pH = pKa + log([A-]/[HA]) (Henderson-Hasselbalch
Eqn.)
C1V1 = C2V2, or C2 = C1V1/V2.
Volume after mixing = V2 = 31 mL + 79 mL = 110 mL.
[A-] = [CO3--] = 0.15 M * 79 mL / 110 mL = 0.108 M.
[AH] = [HCO3-] = 0.40 M * 31 mL / 110 mL = 0.113 M.
Substituting,
pH = -log(5.6x10^-11) + log(0.108 / 0.113) = 10.2.

## You are asked to prepare a pH=4.00 buffer starting

from 1.50 L of 0.0200 M solution of benzoic acid
(C6H5COOH) and an excess of sodium benzoate
(C6H5COONa).

## How many grams of sodium benzoate should be added

to prepare the buffer? Neglect the small volume
change that occurs when the sodium benzoate is
Initally it is a weak acid problem prior to the C6H5COONa addition so you run
an ICE table:
HX + H2O ----> H3O+ + X-
.02 - 0 0
-x - +x +x
.02-x - x x

Ka=6.5e-5=(x^2/.02)
by 5% rule

x=.0014

pH=-log(.0014)=2.94

-------------------------------------

Part 2:

pH=pKa + log([base]/[acid])

this can be just in terms of base moles and acid moles since in same solution (ie
volume)

## .046mol C6H5COONa x (144.1 g/mol)= 6.65 g .

A buffer solution contains .10 mol of acetic acid & .13 mol of
sodum acetate in 1.00L.
(A) What is the pH of this buffer?
(B) What is the pH of the buffer after the addition of .02 mol of
KOH?
(C) What is the pH of the buffer after the addition of .02 mol
HNO3?

## (B) moles acid = 0.10 - 0.02 =0.08

moles salt = 0.13 + 0.02 =0.15
pH = 4.74 + log 0.15/ 0.08 = 5.01

## (C) moles acid = 0.10 + 0.02 = 0.12

moles salt = 0.13 - 0.02 = 0.11
pH = 4.74 + log 0.11/ 0.12 = 4.70