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Working with

Children, Young
People and Their
Families

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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3
TASK 1............................................................................................................................................3
Identifying the needs of the specific child identified...................................................................3
TASK 2............................................................................................................................................5
Child care theories.......................................................................................................................5
TASK 3............................................................................................................................................6
TASK 4..........................................................................................................................................10
Ways of working with the child to promote their emotional well being by using planned
outcome......................................................................................................................................10
CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12

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INTRODUCTION
The people who are involved in working with children, young people and their families
have to make crucial judgments regularly. This is inclusive of using the strategies in respect of
using information in professional and personal manner which reflects how one can best use
resources. There is emerging need to understand the children as the impact of young caretakers
and families are responsible for their well being (Devaney and Spratt, 2009). Thus, the core lies
in understanding the needs of children. In addition, there are child development theories which
implies various principles to create understating on attitude and behavior of children in different
perspective.

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There are organizations who are involved in multi-professional working in child care
social work who runs with an objective of safeguarding the children. Thus, most important
aspect where factors such as generation gap and unfavorable surrounding affects the
communication and listening upbringing of the child or young people is vital. The report is brief
presentation of various aspects that affects the child and youth development in respect of care,
caretakers, people involved, behavior and surrounding.

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TASK 1
Identifying the needs of the specific child identified
Children have their own needs which are based on the strengths and weakness possess by
them. This is essential to measure as it defines the development progress accordingly. During the
development of a child, there are various issues associated with which create impact on their
brought up (Carter, Cummings and Cooper, 2007). The factors such as social, environmental and
personal behavioral factors plays very important role in ascertaining the child's own
developmental conditions.
At the time of learning outcome, the surrounding where the child is nurturing plays very
important role in knowing the future outcomes. As based on case study, which relies on Josh
Brown who is a child. Thus, the efforts are put on by analyzing and presenting the needs which
he is demanding of through the summary given. Following are the main needs illustrated which
reflects the impact in assessing the future need of a child and are as follows:
Behavioral or well being need: Every child is different and thus react accordingly which
reflects the attitude carried by him. The parents and families play major role in creating
the understanding of attitude and behavioral outcome in positive manner. As this is the
reason which shows that factors such as separation, attachment, loving, caring also helps
to acknowledge the true aspect of his living (Belsky and et.al., 2006). In the provided
case, Josh is being taken care by his mother Anne who is responsible for creating the
positive behaviors in herself in his care taking and imparting right attitude so that child
could able to initiative the effective course of development.
Social development need: Society implies the surrounding in which child is living and
being taken care. As per case study, Josh is living with parent who herself is a part of
several difficulties as financial and physical abuse which in return is not an appropriate
mark of effective need of that child. Thus, social care need is identified which is very
vital.
Emotional need: Emotions are all reflection of pain, sad and happy moments that a child
share. As per case study, it is shown that effective care is the requirement of Josh and
since Anne after being going through child care homes etc have not been able to pool out

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one best and thus emotional needs of Josh remain unnoticed (Sloper and et.al., 2006).
Also, Social workers who visited Anne's home noticed the negative and uncontrollable
behavior of Josh but was more surprised as it went unnoticed by her mother.
Protection need: The right of good living is the desire of every child and should be
imparted to him. In following case, it was acknowledged that Anne was hitting her son
for his improper behavior and thus also affected by issues like stress. However, noticing
the same Chloe took help from Adult services learning disabilities but same went
unnoticed. This implies effective efforts are required in knowing the protection need of a
child which reflects his well.

TASK 2

Child care theories


B.F. Skinner's Behavioral Theory: Parents since very long time relies on the child's
outcome for punishment and rewards. Skinner belies that feelings and behavior are very
important aspect. As based on case, when Josh was punished by Anne for his improper
behavior, she hits him. But as per theory, when the child is imparted with rewards, he
tends to do it again with happiness and willingness. However, child select his own course
or repetition of wrong behavioral outcome (Maybery and Reupert, 2009). In contrary, if
Anne make him understand well about the situation and deliver him with the outcomes of
positive and well behavior, she would be called as better caretaker.
Bowlby's Attachment Theory: John Bowlby was a strong believer of fact that issues such
as mental health and behavioral problems are generally identified at the stage of early
childhood. He feels that attachment is something which the child when undergoes the
attachment issue, the behavioral aspect becomes very important (A basic introduction to
child development theory, 2006). The aspects such as separation, fear and insecurity are
something that measures the impact on the attitude child carry throughout his life. As
based on case, Josh has no attachment with his mother and according to this theory a
child learns the most of behavioral outcome from the care, love and attitude of his

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mother. Thus, this theory implies behavior pattern inclusive of laughing, gurgling and
crying from the parents.
Albert-Bandura- Social learning theory: This theory lies on most common aspect of child
nature which reflects that child carries a habit of imitation. And as reflected from the case
the negative and inappropriate behavior of Anne is copied by Josh and thus he is also en-
gulping the same.

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The individuals which the child observed are called as modals and thus taking in
consideration the social need of child, it is important to develop the identification and
make him involve in values, beliefs, social gathering and sharing (Ferguson, 2010). The
surrounding in which child is living plays very significant role in acknowledge him about
the relationships kinds and manner to nurture those relationships.
System Theory: According to this theory, there are various aspects that supports the
combination of how child is brought up in the family. The protection need of a child is
must to acquire the knowledge of being physical and financially safe. As reveled from the
case study that Josh was going through the instability of financial and physical abuse
problems from the side of his mother. In addition, Anne was facing the issues such as
stress and paranoid schizophrenia which indicates that results of same affects on the
behavior of the child here Josh. There was a finding which showed that Anne met with
the strangle case against his father which is a impression of question in respect of Josh's

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safeguard. As per this theory, the child should be foster with protective environment for
his upbringing irrespective of his original or acting parent as foster care.

TASK 3
As depicted from the case study that there is a need to pay attention to create awareness
to the upbringing of child. Since, there are various need which become essential to understand in
respect of knowing about how child is taken care. Apart from same, the attitude, behavior, care,
love, emotions and affection also plays core part which reflect the positive well being of him
(Aisenberg and Herrenkohl, 2008). The kind of approach parent or care taker use for his children
is very significant as it helps to acknowledge the future outcome. In similar fashion, the
treatment which the parents offer to him since his very childhood also helps to identify him with
the developmental factors that came through his way. Thus, following is the analysis about the
different needs with action plans, person responsible in his development (Swim, 2008). The time
factors is taken care so that effective changes can be observed and made in for best possible
outcomes.
Needs Actions Person Timescale Outcome
responsibili
ties
Behavioral or Praise child for his Parents are A time duration The desired
well being positive behavior. most of 5 years from outcome would
need responsible the age of 10 to be in the favor of
Do not involve child in
person in 15 years. upbringing of
financial and physical
this respect. child in respect
abuses.
to his language
Grandparen
Keep away with the used, attitude and
ts who
victim who is Anne who behavior
played role
is responsible for his reflection.
in shaping
major behavioral
the
outcome.
behavioral

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aspect of
Josh's
mother.
Social Josh was very rude as Family It takes 1 year The desired
development depicted from his members when the child would be in favor
need inappropriate relations. especially attain the teen Josh's
Anne and age. development in
Anne and her mother
his the field of social
was not sharing positive
grandmothe needs. At this
relationship which
r Chole. time frame, child
affects the life of Josh
Social would be able to
too.
workers inculcate the
Josh was not able to
who visited understanding
cope with the social
his home. with the
relations with his family
relationships he
members as family and
had and as
society plays very
suggested by his
significant role.
mentors. This in
In spite of suggestions
combination will
of voluntary
reflect his
accommodation have
behavioral aspect
been proposed for Josh
too.
but was avoided.
Emotional Josh was beaten by his Health care The time This is
need mother, Anne which workers. duration begins considered very
reflects an action Spouse of from his birth till important as
performance that he is Anne and he attain age of outcomes for the
not affectionate with her. respective 15 years. care, love and
Since Anne is suffering care takers. support are
from stress and Anne's reflected as

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paranoid, compatibility mother outcome learning
of emotional sharing is whom she of this care plan
hard at her part with the was handed (Oswalt, 2015).
child. over.
She was arrested which
reflects troubles in her
own life and thus does
not fit well for child's
upbringing.

Protection Anne was a patient of Adult's The teen age of a The outcome
need mental stress and learning child is very which is reflected
paranoid which reflects disability crucial. Thus, it from this need is
that she cannot care her team. falls between 10 the security and
child properly till she to 18 years. safety need
Anne's
herself secured well. where an arena is
mother,
created which
Since she was not able Chloe.
helps child to
to cope up with the
Psychiatric boundary itself in
child, there arises
whom safety horizons.
various issue in her life
Anne went
itself.
for
treatment.

As per the care plan made in respect of child development in respect of various arena,
there are several aspects been find out. By considering all the basic need of child, it was analyzed
that its being very crucial to make proper action network in knowing plan. Engagement plays
very vital element in knowing the desired outcome of child. Also, when the parent or caretaker
participate in nurturing the abilities, attitude, behavior of their child, the dimension of his

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development arena would expand in his effective growth (Powers-Costello and Swick, 2008).
However, the timescale is scheduled considering the gap according to the age of child as he is
considered as sensitive well being who develops over a period of time. There is also an impact
from the side of parents and their behavior which includes the practices used by them in defining
the directions in daily life of child.

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TASK 4
Ways of working with the child to promote their emotional well being by using planned
outcome.
Development of child depicts about how the several factors contribute in the social and
well being of a child. According to the National Association for the Young Children and Head ,
the number of children who display serious behavioral issues has increased remarkably (Dale,
2008). Thus, in an move of understanding the child in respect of his social, emotional, behavioral
well being, following are the points which should be taken to promote children healthy social
and emotional development and are as follows:
The children must provide with various opportunities to understand and appreciate
differences that come through their way in life.
Employment of mental health consultants or therapist to team with parents and caretakers
with challenging behavior.

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The role of parents should be there in participating and engaging with the child through
various activities and role plays. This help to create a quality of communication and
building relation ship.
Understanding child is very important is inclusive what child is going through and what
beliefs he is carrying in his soul.
The time duration of how much time parents are involving with them reflect the
happiness and satisfaction in the life of children.
In respect of early childhood centers, the discussions and communication should be
planned. The impact of kind of interaction between the people flashes very important
impact in the life of child and his growing stage.
The children should be given multiple avenues to present and express himself. It can be
taking part in theater, music, visual arts activities etc.
The parents should foster the modeling of good conflict resolution processes which make
them enable to stand in negative situation so well (Hochschild and Machung, 2012).
The efforts should be there on building of good communication skills between child's
parents across a range of issues which are inclusive of emotional, challenging attitude and
behavior and resolving differences arises from conflicts.
The family or parents can take help and assistance from the trainers who are involved in
developing good emotional, communication and behavioral skills in the child in fostering
his development (Burke, 2008).
There are instances when the parents in order to aware their children become unaware
about the fact that their behavior and attitude are equally significant in shaping their
child's future (Chandra and et.al., 2008). And thus, undertake actions such as beating,
hitting etc.

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CONCLUSION
Dealing with children, young people and their families is considered to be very
significant aspect of knowing the factors that contribute in the development of individual.
Human being belong to social group where all the activities and their outcomes consist of social
outcomes. Thus, they undertake various aspects which implies actions patterns of one affects the
others. In this respect, childhood is very crucial stage of one's life where things have been started
taking shape. Moreover, the it carries both possible outcomes that is positive or negative. These
aspects need to be determine so well as how the child is brought up includes needs such as
emotional, protection, behavioral, protection etc to be fulfilled. To sum up, it can be concluded
that core assessment helped to analyze that child behavior and attitude are very important to
understand. Moreover, the day care plan acknowledged with the various need of child in
knowing about the practices involved in working to support children.

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REFERENCES
Journal

Aisenberg, E. and Herrenkohl, T., 2008. Community violence in context risk and resilience in
children and families. Journal of interpersonal violence. 23(3). pp. 296-315.
Belsky, J. and et.al., 2006. Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early
findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study. Bmj. 332(7556). pp. 476.
Carter, B., Cummings, J. and Cooper, L., 2007. An exploration of best practice in multi agency
working and the experiences of families of children with complex health needs. What
works well and what needs to be done to improve practice for the future? Journal of
Clinical Nursing. 16(3). pp. 527-539.
Devaney, J. and Spratt, T. 2009. Child abuse as a complex and wicked problem: Reflecting on
policy developments in the United Kingdom in working with children and families with
multiple problems. Children and Youth Services Review. 31(6). pp. 635-641.
Ferguson, H., 2010. Therapeutic journeys: The car as a vehicle for working with children and
families and theorising practice. Journal of Social Work Practice. 24(2). pp. 121-138.
Maybery, D. and Reupert, A., 2009. Parental mental illness: A review of barriers and issues for
working with families and children. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.
16(9). pp. 784-791.
Powers-Costello, E. and Swick, K. J., 2008. Exploring the dynamics of teacher perceptions of
homeless children and families during the early years. Early Childhood Education
Journal. 36(3). pp. 241-245.
Sloper, P. and et.al., 2006. Key worker services for disabled children: what characteristics of
services lead to better outcomes for children and families? Child: care, health and
development. 32(2). pp. 147-157.
Books
Burke, P., 2008. Disability and impairment: Working with children and families. Jessica
Kingsley Publishers.
Chandra, A. and et.al., 2008. Understanding the impact of deployment on children and families.
Dale, N., 2008. Working with families of children with special needs: Partnership and practice.
Routledge.
Hochschild, A. and Machung, A., 2012. The second shift: Working families and the revolution at
home. Penguin.
Online

A basic introduction to child development theory, 2006. [PDF]. Available


through:<http://lrrpublic.cli.det.nsw.edu.au/lrrSecure/Sites/LRRView/7401/documents/the
ories_outline.pdf>. [Accessed on 17th March 2015].

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Oswalt, A., 2015. [Online]. Child and Adolescent Development: Overview. Available
through:<http://www.gulfbend.org/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=7924>. [Accessed
on 17th March 2015].
Swim, J. T., 2008. [Online]. Theories of Child Development: Building Blocks of
Developmentally Appropriate Practices. Available
through:<http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx
ArticleID=411>. [Accessed on 17th March 2015].

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