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VivaQuestionsonOpAmps:
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1.Whataretheadvantagesofintegratedcircuits?

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increasedpackagedensity. E CE SCH OOL
Costreduction.
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Increasedsystemreliability.
Improvedfunctionalperformance.
Increasedoperatingspeeds.
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Reductioninpowerconsumption.
EDC lab Viva Questions part-1 Basics
2.WhatarethepopularICpackagesavailable? Home / Labs/Viva Questions/ Basics 1.
Metalcanpackage. What is the difference b/w Electronics
and Electrical? Electronics is the
Dualinlinepackage. science which dea...
Ceramicflatpackage.
Gate/IES books
3.Whatisanoperationalamplifier.
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An operational amplifier is a directcoupled high gain amplifier consisting of one or previous 29 years question papers with
more differential amplifiers, it can be used to perform a variety of mathematical solutions by made easy GATE 2017
Guide by GK Publications ...
operations.
4.WhatistheInternalStructureofopampandexplaineachblockinbrief? Suggested Books For ECE students
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timer
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5.Whatarethecharacteristicsofanidealopamp. 555 Timer 555 timer based projects:
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Openloopvoltagegainisinfinity.
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Inputimpedanceisinfinity.
Outputimpedanceiszero.
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Bandwidthisinfinity.
Zerooffset.
CMRRInfinite.
SlewrateInfinite.

6.WhataretheDC,ACCharacteristicsofOPAmp?
DC Characteristics: Input Bias Current, Input off set Current, Input offset voltage, Thermal
Drift.
ACCharacteristics:SlewRate,Frequencycompensation

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7.Whatisinputoffsetvoltage?
ItisthevoltageImbalanceb/wtwoinputterminalsofopamp.
8.Defineinputoffsetcurrent.
Thedifferencebetweenthebiascurrentsattheinputterminalsofthe
9.DefineCMRRofanopamp?
Itistheratiob/wDifferentialmodegainandcommonmodegain
CMRR=Ad/Ac
10.whatistheeffectofhighfrequencyonitsperformance?
Theopenloopgainofopampdecreasesathigherfrequenciesduetothepresenceofparasitic
capacitance.Theclosedloopgainincreasesathigherfrequenciesandleadstoinstability.
11.Whatistheneedforfrequencycompensationinpracticalopamps?
Whenlargebandwidthandlowerclosedloopgainisdesired,toimprovethestability.
12.Whatarethefrequencycompensationmethods?

Dominantpolecompensation
Polezerocompensation

13.Defineslewrate.
Themaximumrateofchangeofoutputvoltagecausedbyastepinputvoltage.Anidealslew
rateisinfinite.Unitsv/s
14.CanweuseIC741forhighfrequencyapplications?
No,IC741hasalowslewrate.
15.WhyslewrateisnotinfiniteinIdealopamp?
Thereisacapacitorwithinoroutsideofanopamptopreventoscillation.
16.Whataretheapplicationsofopamps?
Linear: Adder, subtracter, voltage to current converter, current to voltage converters,
instrumentationamplifier,analogcomputation,poweramplifier,Integrator,differentiatoretc.
Nonlinear:Rectifier,peakdetector,clipper,clamper,sampleandholdcircuit,logamplifier,
antilogamplifier,multiplier
17.Whatisaninstrumentationamplifierandtheneedfor?
Inanumberofindustrialandconsumerapplications,themeasurementofphysicalquantities
isusuallydonewiththehelpoftransducers.TheoutputoftransducerhastobeamplifiedSo
that it can drive the indicator or display system. This function isperformed by an
instrumentationamplifier.
18.Whatarethefeaturesofinstrumentationamplifier?

highgainaccuracy
highCMRR
highgainstability
lowdcoffset
lowoutputimpedance

19.WhataretheapplicationsofVIandIVconverters?
VI:Lowvoltagedcandacvoltmeter,LEDTester,Zenerdiodetester
IV:DigitaltoAnalogconverter,Lightintensityindicator,photodiodedetector

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VivaQuestionsonOPAmpapplications
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20.Whatdoyoumeanbyaprecisiondiode?
The major limitation of ordinary diode is that it cannot
rectify voltages below the cut in voltage of the diode the ABOUT ME
precisiondiodeiscapableofrectifyinginputsignalsoftheorderofmillivolt. E CE SCH OOL
21.Whataretheapplicationsofprecisiondiode.
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FullWaverectifier
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Clipper,Clamper
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22.WhataretheapplicationsofLogamplifier? What is the difference b/w Electronics
Multiplier,divider. and Electrical? Electronics is the
science which dea...
23.Whatarethelimitationsofthebasicdifferentiatorcircuit?
Athighfrequency,adifferentiatormaybecomeunstableandbreakintooscillations,Theinput Gate/IES books
impedancedecreaseswithincreaseinfrequency. Suggested Gate Books : GATE solved
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24.WhatarethelimitationsofthebasicIntegratorcircuit? solutions by made easy GATE 2017
At low frequency, a integrator may become unstable and break into oscillations, The input Guide by GK Publications ...
impedancedecreaseswithdecreesinfrequency.
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25.Whatisacomparator? In this page you can buy the books
Whichcomparesasignalwithaknownreferencevoltage.itsoutputiseither+VsatorVsat from online. choose your subject:
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.
26.Whataretheapplicationsofcomparator?
basic elctronics projects using 555
Zerocrossingdetector timer
27.Whycantweusecomparatortoconvertsinwaveintosquarewave? 555 Timer based projects op
Ifnoiseexistinsinusoidalsignalatzerovoltsunwantedlyoutputvariesb/w+VsatandVsat amp based projects Know more about
555 Timer 555 timer based projects:
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28.WhatisaSchmitttrigger?
Itisaregenerativecomparator.Itconvertssinusoidalinputintoasquarewaveoutput. Powered by Blogger.

29.Whatisamultivibrator?
It is a regenerative circuit that is used extensively in timing applications. It has two states FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK
eitherstableorquasistabledependingonthetypeofmultivibrator.
30.Whatismonostablemultivibrator?
Generates a single pulse of specified duration in response to each external trigger signal. It
hasonlyonestablestate.ItsisalsocalledasOneshotgenerator.
31.Whatisanastablemultivibrator?
Itisafreerunningoscillatorhavingtwoquasistablestates.SoitisaSquarewavegenerator.
32.Whatisabistablemultivibrator?

Bistable multivibrator is one that maintains a given output voltage level unless an external
triggerisapplied.Applicationofanexternaltriggersignalcausesachangeofstate,andthis
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outputlevelismaintainedindefinitelyuntilansecondtriggerapplied.Thus,itrequirestwo
externaltriggersbeforeitreturnstoitsinitialstate
33.WhatistheopAmpbasedMonostablemultivibratoroutputsignalpulsewidth?

34.What is the op Amp based Astable multivibrator out put signal time period and
frequency?

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VivaQuestionsonOscillators,ActiveFilters,PLL Search

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1.What are the requirements for producing sustained
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oscillationsinfeedbackcircuits?
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Thetotalphaseshiftaroundtheloopmustbezero
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2.Whatarethedifferentoscillators?
AFoscillators:RCphaseshiftoscillator,Weinbridgeoscillator EDC lab Viva Questions part-1 Basics
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RFoscillator:Colpittsoscillator,Hartleyoscillator What is the difference b/w Electronics
3.Whatisafilter? and Electrical? Electronics is the
science which dea...
Filterisafrequencyselectivecircuitthatpassessignalofspecifiedbandoffrequenciesand
attenuatesthesignalsoffrequenciesoutsidetheband Gate/IES books
4.Whatarethedemeritsofpassivefilters? Suggested Gate Books : GATE solved
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Passivefiltermaxgainisunityanditsrolloffisless.
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5.Whataretheadvantagesofactivefilters? Guide by GK Publications ...
Offers high input impedance and low output impedance, thus improving theload drive
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capacity.Passbandgainismorethan1,rolloffismore.
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6.Whatarethevariousfilters? from online. choose your subject:
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Lowpassfilter
Highpassfilter basic elctronics projects using 555
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7.WhatistheuseofAllpassfilter?
itpassesallsignalstooutputbutprovidesphasedifferenceof090degrees. Powered by Blogger.
8.WhatOrderofthefilterRepresents?
Order of the filter represents No. of storage elements with in the system (circuit), as order FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK
increasesRolloffincreases.
9.Definecutofffrequency?
Thecutoff frequencyis de ned as the frequency at which the ratio of the (input/output) has a magnitude of
0.707. When this magnitude is changed to decibels 3dB mostly referred to as the 3dB down point.

10.WherePLLiswidelyused?
Radarsynchronization,satellitecommunicationsystems,airbornenavigationalsystems,FM

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communicationsystems,etc.
11.WhatarethebasicbuildingblocksofPLL?
Phasedetector/comparator,Lowpassfilter,Erroramplifier,Voltagecontrolledoscillator
12.WhatarethethreestagesthroughwhichPLLoperates?
Freerunning,Capture,Locked/tracking.
13.Definelockinrange,capturerange,andPullintimeofaPLL:
*TherangeoffrequenciesoverwhichthePLLcanmaintainlockwiththeincomingsignalis
calledthelockinrangeortrackingrange.
*TherangeoffrequenciesoverwhichthePLLcanacquirelockwithaninputsignaliscalled
thecapturerange.
*ThetotaltimetakenbythePLLtoestablishlokiscalledpullintime.Itdependsontheinitial
phaseandfrequencydifferencebetweenthetwosignalsaswellasontheoverallloopgainand
loopfiltercharacteristics.
14.Whatisavoltagecontrolledoscillator?
Voltagecontrolledoscillatorisafreerunningmultivibratoroperatingatasetfrequencycalled
thefreerunningfrequency.Thisfrequencycanbeshiftedtoeithersidebyapplyingadccontrol
voltageandthefrequencydeviationisproportionaltothedccontrolvoltage.
15.OnwhatparametersdoesthefreerunningfrequencyofVCOdependon?
*Externaltimingresistor,RT*Externaltimingcapacitor,CT*ThedccontrolvoltageVc.
16.GivetheexpressionfortheVCOfreerunningfrequency.
fo=0.25/RtCt
17.MentionsometypicalapplicationsofPLL:
Frequencymultiplication/division
Frequencytranslation
AMdetection
FMdemodulation
FSKdemodulation.

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11/1/2016 LinearIntegratedcircuitslabVivaQuestionsPart4~ECESchool

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VivaQuestionsonADC,DAC
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1.ListthebroadclassificationofADCs.
DirecttypeADC.IntegratingtypeADC. ABOUT ME
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2.Countertypeconverter
3.Trackingorservoconverter
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3.Listoutsomeintegratingtypeconverters.
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1.ChargebalancingADC Home / Labs/Viva Questions/ Basics 1.
2.DualslopeADC What is the difference b/w Electronics
and Electrical? Electronics is the
4.Whatisintegratingtypeconverter
science which dea...
AnADCconverterthatperformconversioninanindirectmannerbyfirstchangingtheanalog
I/P signal to a linear function of time or frequency and then to a digital code is known as Gate/IES books
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integratingtypeA/Dconverter.
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5.ExplaininbrieftheprincipleofoperationofsuccessiveApproximationADC. solutions by made easy GATE 2017
ThecircuitofsuccessiveapproximationADCconsistsofasuccessiveapproximationregister Guide by GK Publications ...

(SAR), to find the requiredvalue of each bit by trial & error.With the arrival of START Suggested Books For ECE students
command, SAR sets the MSB bit to 1. The O/P is converted into ananalog signal & it is In this page you can buy the books
comparedwithI/Psignal.ThisO/PisloworHigh.Thisprocesscontinuesuntilallbitsare from online. choose your subject:
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checked.
6.WhatarethemainadvantagesofintegratingtypeADCs?
basic elctronics projects using 555
i. TheintegratingtypeofADC'sdonotneedasample/Holdcircuitat timer
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ii. Itispossibletotransmitfrequencyeveninnoisyenvironmentorin 555 Timer 555 timer based projects:
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7.WherearethesuccessiveapproximationtypeADC'sused?
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The Successive approximation ADCs are used in applications such as data loggers &
instrumentationwhereconversionspeedisimportant.
8.WhatisthemaindrawbackofadualslopeADC? FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK
ThedualslopeADChaslongconversiontime.ThisisthemaindrawbackofdualslopeADC.
9.StatetheadvantagesofdualslopeADC:
Itprovidesexcellentnoiserejectionofacsignalswhoseperiodsareintegralmultiplesofthe
integrationtimeT.
10.Defineconversiontime.
thetotaltimerequiredtoconvertananalogsignalintoitsdigitaloutput.
11.Defineresolutionofadataconverter.
The resolution of an ADC is defined as the smallest change in analog input for a one bit
changeattheoutput.

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12.Whatismeantbylinearity?
ThelinearityofanADC/DACisanimportantmeasureofitsaccuracy&tellsushowclose
theconverteroutputistoitsidealtransfercharacteristics.
12.WhatismonotonicDAC?
AmonotonicDACisonewhoseanalogoutputincreasesforanincreaseindigitalinput.
13.Whatisasampleandholdcircuit?Whereitisused?
whichsamplesaninputsignalandholdsontoitslastsampledvalueuntiltheinputissampled
again.Thisismainlyusedinanalogtodigitalconversion
14.Explainthevarioustypesofdigitaltoanalogconverters\
WeightedresistorDAC
R2RladderDAC
InvertedR2RladderDAC

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VivaQuestionson555Timer
1.whatistheinternalstructureof555Timer? ABOUT ME

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EDC lab Viva Questions part-1 Basics


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What is the difference b/w Electronics
and Electrical? Electronics is the
science which dea...

Gate/IES books
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2.whatarethespecificationsof555Timer? solutions by made easy GATE 2017
Guide by GK Publications ...
Supplyvoltage(VCC) 4.5to15V
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Supplycurrent(VCC=+5V) 3to6mA In this page you can buy the books
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Outputcurrent(maximum) 200mA
MaximumPowerdissipation 600mW basic elctronics projects using 555
Powerconsumption(minimumoperating) 30mW@5V,225mW@15V timer
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4.whataretheapplicationsof555timer:
Oscillator
pulsegenerator
rampandsquarewavegenerator
monoshotgenerator
multivibrator
burglaralarm
trafficlightcontrol.
5.Whataretheapplicationsof555timerinmonostablemodeofoperation
missingpulsedetector
Linearrampgenerator
Frequencydivider
Pulsewidthmodulation
6.whatisthetimeperiod,frequencyofsquarewavegeneratedby555timer?
Ton=0.69(Ra+Rb),Toff=0.69RbT=0.69(Ra+2Rb)
7.whatisthepulsewidthofoutputofmonostablemultivibratorusing555?
T=1.1RC
8.DrawthecircuitdiagramofAstablemultivibratorusing555Timer?

9.Drawthecircuitdiagramofmonostablemultivibratorusing555Timer?

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