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Grade 2

Strand Benchmark Learning Targets Academic Language Context Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5
Reading: Literature 2.1.1.1 Ask and answer 1. I can ask questions to show I Questions, Key Details, Text Examples include who, what,
questions as who, what, where, understand key details in a text. where, when, why, and how
when, why, and how to questions
demonstrate understanding of
key details in a text. X X
2. I can answer questions to Questions, Key Details, Text Examples include who, what,
show I understand key details in where, when, why, and how
a text. questions X X
2.1.2.2 Recount stories, including 1. I can recount a story. Recount Fables and folktales from diverse
fables and folktales from diverse cultures
cultures, and determine their
central message, lesson, or
moral. X X
2. I can determine the central Determine, Central Message,
message, lesson, or moral of a Lesson, Moral
story. X X
2.1.3.3 Describe how characters 1. I can describe how characters Desribe, Characters, Events,
in a story respond to major respond to the events and Challenges
events and challenges. challenges in a story. X X
2.1.4.4 Describe how words and 1. I can describe how words and Describe, Rhythm Stories, poems, songs
phrases (e.g., regular beats, phrases give a story, poem, or
alliteration, rhymes, repeated song rhythm and meaning.
lines) supply rhythm and
meaning in a story, poem, or
song. X
2.1.5.5 Describe the overall 1. I can describe the structure of Describe, Structure beginning, middle, end;
structure of a story, including a story. sequence words (first, then, next,
describing how the beginning after that); story grammar
introduces the story and the (characters, setting,
ending concludes the action. problem/solution, events) X X
2. I can describe how the Describe, Beginning, Introduces
beginning introduces the story. X X
3. I can describe how the ending Describe, Ending, Concludes
concludes the action in a story. X X
2.1.6.6 Acknowledge differences 1. I can identify different Identify, Characters, Points of
in the points of view of characters' points of view in a View
characters, including by speaking story.
in a different voice for each
character when reading dialogue
aloud. X
2. I can use different voices for Dialogue
each character when reading
dialogue aloud. X
1. I can use information from Illustrations, Characters, Text Print or digital text; implies
2.1.7.7 Use information gained illustrations and words to show I making inferences about
from the illustrations and words in understand the characters in a characters, including behaviors,
a print or digital text to text. emotions, character traits and
demonstrate understanding of its other information implied, but not
characters, setting, or plot. directly stated X X
2. I can use information from Illustrations, Setting, Text Print or digital text; implies
illustrations and words to show I making inferences about
understand the setting in a text. characters, including behaviors,
emotions, character traits and
other information implied, but not
directly stated X X
3. I can use information from Illustrations, Plot (Major Events), Print or digital text; implies
illustrations and words to show I Text making inferences about
understand the plot in a text. characters, including behaviors,
emotions, character traits and
other information implied, but not
directly stated X X
2.1.8.8 (Not applicable to
literature)
2.1.9.9 Compare and contrast 1. I can compare two or more Compare Stories written by different
two or more versions of the same versions of the same story. authors or from different cultures;
story (e.g. Cinderella stories) by by or about MN American Indians
different authors or from different
cultures, including those by or
about Minnesota American
Indians. X
2. I can contrast two or more Contrast
versions of the same story. X
2.1.10.10 By the end of the year, 1. I can read and comprehend Comprehend Scaffolding is appropriate at the
select, read, and comprehend second grade stories and poems. high end of the text complexity
literature including stories and band
poetry for personal enjoyment,
interest, and academic tasks, in
the grades 2-3 text complexity
band proficiently, with scaffolding
as needed at the high end of the
range. X
2. I can choose texts I can enjoy,
be interested in, and learn from. X X X

2.2.1.1 Ask and answer 1. I can ask questions to show I Questions, Key Details, Text Examples include who, what,
questions as who, what, where, understand key details in a text. where, when, why, and how
when, why, and how to questions
demonstrate understanding of
Reading: Informational Text key details in a text. X X
2. I can answer questions to Questions, Key Details, Text Examples include who, what,
show I understand key details in where, when, why, and how
a text. questions X X
2.2.2.2 Identify the main topic of 1. I can identify the main topic of Identify, Main Topic Mulitparagraph text
a multiparagraph text as well as a text.
the focus of specific paragraphs
within the text. X
2. I can identify what each Identify, Paragraph
paragraph in a text is about. X
2.2.3.3 Describe the connection 1. I can describe the connection Describe, Events Texts about historical events,
between a series of historical between events, ideas, or steps scientific concepts, and technical
events, scientific ideas or in a text. procedures); cause and effect,
concepts, or steps in technical sequence/timeline
procedures in a text. X X
2.2.4.4 Determine the meaning of 1. I can determine the meaning of determine
words and phrases in a text words and phrases in a 2nd
relevant to a grade 2 topic or grade text.
subject area. X X
2.2.5.5 Know and use various 1. I can identify informational text Identify, Text Features Examples of text features include
text features (e.g., captions, bold features. captions, bold print, subheadings,
print, subheadings, glossaries, glossaries, indexes, electronic
indexes, electronic menus, icons) menus, icons
to locate key facts or information
in a text efficiently. X X
2. I can use text features to Text Features, Locate, Key
locate key facts and information Facts, Text
in a text. X X
2.2.6.6 Identify the main purpose 1. I can identify the main purpose Identify, Main Purpose, Text
of a text, including what the of a text.
author wants to answer, explain,
or describe. X X
2. I can identify what the author is Explain, Describe, Answer
trying to explain, describe, or
answer. X X
2.2.7.7 Explain how specific 1. I can tell how images add to Images, Explain, Text
images (e.g., a diagram showing and help explain the ideas in a
how a machine works) contribute text.
to and clarify a text. X
2.2.8.8 Describe how reasons 1. I can describe how an author's Describe, Reasons, Points, Text
support specific points the author reasons support his or her points
makes in a text. in a text. X
2.2.9.9 Compare and contrast the 1. I can compare important points Compare, Points, Texts, Topic
most important points presented from two different texts on the
by two texts on the same topic. same topic. X
2. I can contrast important points Contrast, Points, Texts, Topic
from two different texts on the
same topic. X
2.2.10.10 By the end of year, 1. I can read and comprehend Comprehend Texts include history/social
select, read and comprehend second grade informational texts. studies, science, and technical
informational texts, including procedures; scaffolding is
history/social studies, science, appropriate at the high end of the
and technical texts, in the grades text complexity band
2-3 text complexity band
proficiently, with scaffolding as
needed at the high end of the
range for personal interest,
enjoyment, and academic tasks. X
2. I can choose texts I can enjoy,
be interested in, and learn from. X X

2.3.0.3 Know and apply grade-


level phonics and word analysis 1. I can use phonics and word
Foundational Skills skills in decoding words. analysis skills to figure out words. X X X X X
a. Distinguish long and short 1. I can tell the difference Long and Short Vowels Applied to one-syllable words
vowels when reading regularly between long and short vowels with regular spellings
spelled one-syllable words. when reading words. X X
b. Know spelling-sound 1. I can match letters and sounds Vowel Teams
correspondences for additional for common vowel teams.
common vowel teams. X X
c. Decode regularly spelled two- 1. I can read two-syllable words Syllable, Long Vowels Applied o regularly spelled two-
syllable words with long vowels. with long vowels. syllable words X X
d. Decode words with common 1. I can read words with prefixes. Prefixes
prefixes and suffixes. X X
2. I can read words with suffixes. Suffixes X X
e. Identify words with inconsistent 1. I can read words with spelling
but common spelling-sound patterns that don't follow the
correspondences. normal rules. X X X
f. Recognize and read grade- 1. I can recognize and read Recognize, Irregular Spellings
appropriate irregularly spelled second grade words with
words, including high-frequency irregular spellings.
words. X X X X X
2. I can recognize and read Recognize High-frequency words
common second grade words. X X X X X
2.3.0.4 Read with sufficient 1. I can read second grade texts
accuracy and fluency to support accurately, fluently, and with
comprehension. comprehension. X X X X
a. Read grade-level text with 1. I can read second grade texts Texts, Purpose
purpose and understanding to with purpose and understanding.
promote oral and silent reading
fluency. X X X X
b. Read grade-level text orally 1. I can read second grade texts Texts, Accurately Sucessive readings
with accuracy, appropriate rate, accurately.
expression on successive
readings. X X X X
2. I can read second grade texts Texts, Appropriate Rate Sucessive readings
at an appropriate rate. X X X X
3. I can read second grade texts Texts, Expression Sucessive readings
with expression. X X X X
c. Use context and other cues (e. 1. I can use strategies and clues Strategies may include use of
g., phonics, word recognition in the text to help me read words context, phonics, word
skills, prior knowledge) to confirm correctly and understand what I recognition skills and prior
or self-correct word recognition read. knowledge
and understanding, rereading as
necessary. X X X X
2. I can reread to make sure what
I'm reading makes sense. X X X X

Writing 2.6.1.1 Write opinion pieces in 1. I can introduce the opinion


which they introduce the topic or topic I am writing about.
book they are writing about, state
an opinion, supply reasons that
support the opinion, use linking
words (e.g., because, and, also)
to connect opinion and reasons,
and provide a concluding
statement or section. X
2. I can state an opinion in
writing. X
3. I can supply reasons that
support my opinion. X
4. I can use linking words to
connect opinions and reasons. X
5. I can write a concluding
statement. X
2.6.2.2 Write 1. I can introduce the informative
informative/explanatory texts in topic I am writing about.
which they introduce a topic, use
facts and definitions to develop
points, and provide a concluding
statement or section. X X
2. I can use facts and definitions
to develop points in writing. definitions X X
3. I can write a concluding
statement. X X
2.6.3.3 Write narratives and other 1. I can recount an event or
creative texts in which they sequence of events in my
recount a well-elaborated event narrative writing.
or short sequence of events,
include details to describe
actions, thoughts, and feelings,
use temporal words to signal
event order, and provide a sense
of closure. recount, sequence of events X X X
2. I can use details to describe
actions, thoughts, and feelings. X X X
3. I can use temporal words to temporal words
describe the order in which
events happened. X X
4. I can provide closure to my
narrative piece. X X
2.6.5.5 With guidance and 1. With help from my teacher and
support from adults, and peers, classmates, I can focus on a
focus on a topic and strengthen topic.
writing as needed by revising and
editing. X X X X X
2. With help from my teacher and
clasmmates, I can revise my
writing to make it better. revise X X X X X
3. With help from my teacher and
clasmmates, I can edit my writing
to make it better. edit X X X X X
2.6.6.6 With guidance and 1. With help from my teacher and
support from adults, use a variety classmates, I can use digital tools
of digital tools to produce and to write and publish.
publish writing, including in
collaboration with peers. X
2.6.7.7 Participate in shared 1. I can work with others to do
research and writing projects (e. research and write about a topic.
g., read a number of books on a
single topic to produce a report;
record science observations). X
2.6.8.8 Recall information from
experiences or gather information 1. I can remember information
from provided sources to answer from experiences to answer a
a question. question. X
2. I can use information I gather
to answer a question. X

Speaking, Viewing, Listening and 2.8.1.1 Participate in


Media Literacy collaborative conversations with
diverse partners about grade 2 1. I can participate in
topics and texts with peers and conversations with my
adults in small and larger groups. classmates and adults. X X
a. Follow agreed-upon rules for 1. I can follow discussion rules.
discussions (e.g., gaining the
floor in respectful ways, listening
to others with care, speaking one
at a time about the topics and
texts under discussion). X X
b. Build on others talk in 1. I can build upon what others
conversations by linking their say when I participate in a
comments to the remarks of conversation.
others. X X
c. Ask for clarification and further 1. I can ask for more explanation
explanation as needed about the if needed so I'm clear about what
topics and texts under is being discussed.
discussion. X X
d. Cooperate for productive 1. I can cooperate in group
group discussion. discussion. X X
e. Follow two- and three-step oral 1. I can follow oral directions.
directions. oral 2- and 3-step directions X X
2.8.2.2 Recount or describe key 1. I can describe key ideas or
ideas or details from a text read details from a text that has been
aloud or information presented read aloud to me.
orally or through other media. recount X X
2. I can describe key ideas or
details from information
presented orally or shown to me. orally X X
2.8.3.3 Ask and answer 1. I can ask questions about what
questions about what a speaker a speaker says.
says in order to clarify
comprehension, gather additional
information, or deepen
understanding of a topic or
issues. X X
2. I can answer questions about
what a speaker says. X X
2.8.4.4 Tell a story or recount an 1. I can tell a story or describe an
experience with appropriate facts experience using facts and
and relevant, descriptive details, details.
avoid plagiarism by identifying
sources, and speak audibly in
coherent sentences. X X
2. I can avoid plagiarism by plagiarism
identifying sources. X
3. I can speak clearly using full
sentences. X X
2.8.5.5 Create audio recordings 1. I can create audio recordings
of stories or poems; add of stories or poems.
drawings or other visual displays
to stories or recounts of
experiences when appropriate to
clarify ideas, thoughts, and
feelings. X
2. I can add drawings and other
visual displays to stories to
support what I say. X X
2.8.6.6 Produce complete 1. I can speak in complete
sentences when appropriate to sentences when appropriate.
task and situation in order to
provide requested detail or
clarification. (Refer to grade 2
Language standards 1 and 3 for
specific expectations.) X
1. I can tell the difference
2.8.7.7 Distinguish, understand, between, understand, and use
and use different types of print, print, digital, and multimodal
digital, and multimodal media. media. X
a. Use tools for locating print and 1. I can use tools to find print and
electronic materials appropriate electronic materials.
to the purpose. electronic X
2.8.8.8 With prompting and
support, create an individual or
shared multimedia work for a
specific purpose (e.g., to create
or integrate knowledge, to share
experiences or information, to 1. With help, I can create
persuade, to entertain, or as multimedia works for a specific
artistic expression. purpose. X
a. With prompting and support, 1. With help, I can find pictures to appropriateness to purpose,
critique each found image under use in my projects that help my effectiveness in conveying the
consideration for use in a audience make meaning. message, and effect on intended
multimedia project for its audience
appropriateness to purpose, its
effectiveness in conveying the
message, and its effect on the
intended audience and justify its
use in the project. X
b. Share the work with an 1. I can share my work with an
audience. audience. X

Language 2.10.1.1 Demonstrate command


of the conventions of standard 1. I can use English grammar
English grammar and usage correctly when writing or
when writing or speaking. speaking. X X X
a. Use collective nouns (e.g., 1. I can use collective nouns. collective nouns
group). X
b. Form and use frequently 1. I can use irregular plural
occurring irregular plural nouns nouns.
(e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice,
fish). irregular plural nouns X X
c. Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., 1. I can use reflexive pronouns.
myself, ourselves). reflexive pronouns X X
d. Form and use the past tense 1. I can use the past tense of
of frequently occurring irregular irregular verbs.
verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told). past tense, irregular verbs X X
e. Use adjectives and adverbs, 1. I can use adjectives to
and choose between them describe nouns.
depending on what is to be
modified. adjectives, nouns X
1. I can use adverbs to describe
actions. adverbs X
f. Produce, expand, and 1. I can produce complete simple and compound sentences
rearrange complete simple and sentences.
compound sentences (e.g., The
boy watched the movie; The little
boy watched the movie; The
action movie was watched by the
little boy). X
2. I can expand sentences. X
3. I can rearrange sentences. X
2.10.2.2 Demonstrate command 1. I can use correct capitalization,
of the conventions of standard punctuation, and spelling when
English capitalization, writing.
punctuation, and spelling when
writing. X X X X
1. I can capitalize holidays,
a. Capitalize holidays, product product names, and geographic
names, and geographic names. names. X X
b. Use commas in greetings and 1. I can use commas in greetings
closings of letters. and closings of letters.. X
c. Use an apostrophe to form 1. I can use apostrophes to form
contractions and frequently contractions and possessives.
occurring possessives. X
d. Generalize learned spelling 1. I can use spelling patterns to
patterns when writing words (e. write words.
g., cage badge; boy boil). X
e. Consult reference materials, 1. I can use the dictionary to help
including beginning dictionaries, me spell words correctly.
as needed to check and correct
spellings. X
2.10.3.3 Use knowledge of 1. I can use knowledge of
language and its conventions language and its conventions
when writing, speaking, reading, when writing, speaking, reading,
or listening. or listening. X
a. Compare formal and informal 1. I can compare formal and formal and informal English
uses of English. informal English. X
2.10.4.4 Determine or clarify the
meaning of unknown and
multiple-meaning words and
phrases based on grade 2
reading and content, choosing 1. I can use strategies to figure
flexibly from an array of out the meaning of new words
strategies. and phrases. X X X
a. Use sentence-level context as 1. I can use context clues to help sentence-level context clues
a clue to the meaning of a word me determine what a word
or phrase. means. context clues X X
b. Determine the meaning of the 1. I can use prefixes to help me prefix
new word formed when a known determine what a word means.
prefix is added to a known word
(e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell). X X
c. Use a known root word as a 1. I can use root words to help root word
clue to the meaning of an me determine what a word
unknown word with the same root means.
(e.g., addition, additional). X
d. Use knowledge of the meaning 1. I can predict the meaning of
of individual words to predict the compound words using the
meaning of compound words (e. meanings of the individual words.
g., birdhouse, lighthouse,
housefly; bookshelf, notebook,
bookmark). X
e. Use glossaries and beginning 1. I can use a glossary to print and digital glossary
dictionaries, both print and digital, determine the meaning of a word
to determine or clarify the or phrase.
meaning of words and phrases. X
2. I can use the dictionary to print and digital dictionary
determine the meaning of a word
or phrase. X
2.10.5.5 Demonstrate
understanding of word
relationships and nuances in
word meanings to develop word 1. I can show I understand the
consciousness. relationships between words. X
a. Identify real-life connections 1. I can identify real-life
between words and their use (e. connections between words and
g., describe foods that are spicy their use.
or juicy). X
b. Distinguish shades of meaning 1. I can tell the difference
among closely related verbs (e. between verbs that mean similar,
g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely but slightly different things.
related adjectives (e.g., thin,
slender, skinny, scrawny). verbs X
2. I can tell the difference
between adjectives that mean
similar, but slightly different
things. adjectives X
2.10.6.6 Use words and phrases 1. I can use words and phrases
acquired through conversations, I've learned through
reading and being read to, and conversations and reading.
responding to texts, including
using adjectives and adverbs to
describe (e.g., When other kids
are happy that makes me happy). X