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Operations engineering

2|Operations engineering
Operations engineering | 3

Oil and Gas at Atkins

Safe and efficient recovery from existing fields and exploiting new fields
in difficult environments and uncertain market conditions present our
oil and gas industry with many technical and economic challenges.
We have the breadth and depth of expertise, the intellect and the drive to
overcome these challenges and help our clients to realise the full potential of
their fields and assets. We strive to help improve lives, protect our planet and
ensure prosperity through secure and affordable energy.
Working as part of a global community with our clients, industry partners and
academia, we are listening, imagining and co-creating the best solutions in
offshore engineering, onshore engineering and operations engineering.

Offshore Onshore Operations

engineering engineering engineering

Deepwater FPU design and Facilities design and engineering Asset integrity management
engineering Midstream LNG Production optimisation
Fixed platforms Pipelines Brownfield projects
Subsea engineering Safety and process specialist Late life management
Process and facilities services
Safety engineering
4|Operations engineering

Operations engineering
Were committed to helping our clients to reduce costs, maximise production,
minimise downtime and improve safety and environmental performance in
the face of ever-aging infrastructure, ever-changing reservoir performance and
economic uncertainty.

Our 800 oil and gas engineers and specialists combine their intellect, imagination and drive to deliver the very best in:

Asset integrity Production optimisation Brownfield projects Late life management

Production efficiency, Multi-disciplinary Late life asset
Process and facilities, root cause analysis and assess, concept, FEED management
structural, moorings debottlenecking engineering and Life extension
and subsea integrity Subsea flow assurance verification De-manning
Integrated safety and Global integrity Decommissioning
risk services assessment
Reliability, availability Strengthening,
and maintainability Modification and repair
Safety and risk services
Commissioning support
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The best engineers Whole asset, whole lifecycle perspective

Our teams are made up of experts with deep knowledge Drawing on the broad and deep knowledge of our technical
of oil and gas structures, brought together over 40 years of experts worldwide means we can take a whole life perspective
acquisition, strategic appointments and investing in our people and provide the best engineering across all aspects of an
to retain the best talent. assets lifecycle; from concept through to decommissioning and
Collectively our design and operations experience extends back
to the late 1970s with projects in the Gulf of Mexico, North
Sea, Australia, Brazil, Middle East, West Africa, Caribbean,
South East Asia and the Arctic. Our engineers judgment and
expertise helps our clients make the most critical of decisions
with confidence.

Help our clients select the economic, efficient
and safe asset to maximise field output

Preliminary, FEED and detailed design to meet the
safety, budget, program and operational imperatives

Supporting classification and regulatory approval,
fabrication, transportation, integration and installation

Establish the right maintenance and integrity
management plans that minimise down time and
optimise production while maintaining safe operations

Help extend asset life and safe, efficient production

Support the optimum course for decommissioning
6|Operations engineering

Thinking like an operator

We know our clients; weve been working together for 40 years; we understand
their goals and can share their vision.

Thinking like an operator Delivering as true partners

Our clients:
Our 40 years supporting operators We work hard to earn and retain our
throughout an assets lifecycle means we clients trust and stand by them when BP
understand our clients goals and can faced with increasing complexity or Maersk
share their vision to balance incremental even adversity. We want to sit side by Chevron
improvement of production, maintain side with our clients, listening, sharing Woodside
integrity and assure safety. knowledge, leaning in to challenges Apache
and delivering what we say we will.
It matters to us that assets are future Saudi Aramco
We function in complete independence
proofed to optimise through-life Centrica
of contractors and operators, so our
operation, so we actively ensure lessons CNR
sole interest is to provide top quality
learned are fed back into our design and
engineering to solve the task at hand. Talisman
integrity management delivery systems
to ensure capital spend is optimised and Whether engaged as one Premier Oil
operational expenditure minimised. multidisciplinary delivery team for a Shell
brownfield project or embedded as a SBM
specialist team for operational support, Teekay
we work together with our clients and
partners to bring different disciplines
closer together and ease the managing
of multiple suppliers.

Support to brownfield modifications




Safety studies Safety studies PMC/Owners PMC/Owners engineer Multi-disc

Drilling support Process led engineer Safety studies engineering
Process led multi- multi-disc assess & Safety studies Multi-disc design reviews Framework
disciplinary concept design Multi-disc design Niche consulting agreement
assess & concept reviews Asset integrity
design Niche consulting management

AT Inspection &
fabric maintenance
ATKINS Multi-disc design, Construction, Implementation



safety, cost
reduction and
are in our
8|Operations engineering

Anywhere in the world

Valhall redevelopment
BP, North Sea

Solan field
Premier Oil, North Sea

Claymore life
Safety and risk services North Sea
to Fort Hills oil sands
Fort Hills, Canada

Designing offshore
oil & gas structures
Gulf of Mexico, US Offshore floating
wind platform design
Mars B WindFloat, Portugal
Gulf of Mexico, US

Offshore personnel
risk assessment (OPRA)
Gulf of Mexico, US

Structural integrity
management for onshore
& offshore platforms
BP, Trinidad & Tobago
Tension leg platform
ExxonMobil, West Africa

HAZOP & enhancing

Frade FPSO, Chevron, Brazil

ATKINS ENERGY OFFICES: United Kingdom and Europe: Aberdeen, Bristol, Derby, Epsom, Esbjerg, Glasgow, Leeds,
London, Rotherham, Warrington, Whitehaven North America: Calgary, Charlotte, Houston, Trinidad & Tobago
Middle East: Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, UAE; Al Kobar, Saudi Arabia Asia Pacific: Perth
Operations engineering | 9

Our engineers work together across our international network We support projects from our hubs, close to our clients
of technical hubs in the UK, Middle East, North America and base or through a remote team co-located with our client.
Asia Pacific regions. This means that wherever in the world Our worldwide presence means we understand the unique
a project needs to be delivered, our clients benefit from our characteristics of each region for planning, designing,
ability to quickly mobilise a team of industry-leading experts transporting and installing offshore and onshore projects.
and dedicated local contacts.

Asset integrity & late life

management of offshore
oil & gas assets
North Sea

Reducing cost of
offshore wind farms
DONG Energy, UK

New build LNG

Poland TC Pipeline
Routing Study
Caspian Sea to Turkey

Shah Deniz
Caspian Sea

Khafji Field
Offshore, Saudi Arabia

First LNG receiving

Singapore LNG
Qatar A-South
Offshore, Qatar
Safe life extension Tangguh LNG
of critical oil & gas Indonesia

Flow assurance & Making floating LNG

systems engineering as safe as possible
Ichthys (Darwin), INPEX, Prelude, Shell, Australia

Asset integrity for

oil & gas assets
ENI, Australia
10|Operations engineering

Asset integrity management

We deliver an extensive range of integrity management services spanning
all types of fixed, floating, subsea and onshore facilities, which includes
approximately 50% of UK North Sea assets plus many more assets globally.

We routinely manage interfaces Process and facilities, ADMA-OPCO to optimise mitigation

with regulators and verification structural, moorings and designs to withstand additional
bodies and have experience of subsea integrity operational placement of loads of
integrity management of pressure existing assets. We also provided SIM
Talisman North Sea integrity
systems, including Fitness for Service assessments for a variety of structures
management framework
assessments of corrosion and crack- including Quantitative Structural
We currently deliver integrity
like defects using both screening Assessment of Well Head Towers
management services to all 13 UK
assessments and advanced 3D finite (WHTs) to establish a robust integrity
North Sea Assets removing all anomaly
element analysis of defects. management system for the companys
management and 10,000 man hours
fleet of offshore structures, building
safety critical backlog.
structural models to enable detailed in-
BP Trinidad, offshore and onshore place and progressive collapse analyses.
We have worked with BP Trinidad This in addition to Advanced Structural
& Tobago (BPTT) on the structural Analysis of Barge-Type Structures, which
integrity management (SIM) on all their form the central platforms of ADMA
Caribbean offshore platforms for the last OPCOs offshore processing facilities.
four consecutive years. We also provided
FUKA and Vesterled life extension
SIM and hurricane assessments for
We employed FMECA software to
BPTTs onshore facilities.
consider all failure modes and root
ADMA-OPCO Abu Dhabi, offshore causes, extending the life of the twin
structures 32 gas trunklines, commissioned in
Weve worked with offshore operator 1977 considerably.

Zakum West Super Complex ADMA OPCO

Operations engineering | 11

Integrated safety and risk by the Atkins team and enabled the installed on production platforms
services client to move forward with greater in Locations A and B, aiming to
confidence with what had been a increase the overall field production
Offshore personnel risk assessment
problematic issue for some time. performance.
(OPRA), Gulf of Mexico
Feedback was highly positive with a
We developed a common safety risk All services can be most effectively
senior client representative stating that
philosophy for all the operating BP achieved if integrated under a single
Atkins had undertaken one of the best
assets in the Gulf of Mexico. This process lifecycle management.
bits of technical work I have ever seen
included conducting safety risk and Our commitment to improving
the quality and the format of the report
consequence modelling to establish a integrity management techniques is
was exceptional.
consistent risk profile for each asset. demonstrated by our Cause-Oriented
Reliability, availability and Inspection System (COINS) JIP, which
Well integrity on offshore maintainability applies root cause analysis to all failure
production installations modes to develop a more focused
Our client has a number of wells on Improvements in the operational
and effective integrity risk assessment
its production platforms which have availability and maintenance cost
experienced sustained casing pressure, reduction of aging assets are becoming
to a greater or lesser degree. We were increasingly important to our clients.
asked to further develop the in-house The Al Shaheen Oil Field is a production
risk model to help make it more oil and gas field off the North East
representative, robust and transparent coast of Qatar, operated by Maersk Oil
in quantifying the associated risk from Qatar AS. In 2014, Atkins successfully
credible hazards. A user guide and completed the maintenance strategy
supporting manual was developed review of water injection equipment

The Integrity Cycle which is common for the Asset Integrity of all disciplines

Execute Data


Strategy Evaluation
12|Operations engineering

Production optimisation
We have extensive experience in troubleshooting and debottlenecking
process plant and specifying solutions to problems. We review and investigate
opportunities and problems with all unit operations and overall systems
installed offshore. Our focus is always on providing a solution that does not
require physical plant intervention for modification.

However, where such modifications Production root cause blow-down, initial onshore LNG plant
are required, the emphasis is on analysis and debottlenecking start-up and on-going pigging for
minimising their extent wherever flowlines and pipeline systems.
Ichthys LNG, onshore and offshore
possible. The service includes
Appointed by INPEX in April 2011, were We also prepared system operating
engineers seconded to client offices
providing flow assurance engineering philosophies, operating envelopes,
in day-to-day operations support
as well as ad hoc process engineering pigging philosophies and operating
roles, offshore-based support and
services for the Front-End Engineering manuals for the entire Pluto Icthys
study teams based in Atkins offices.
and Design (FEED) phase of the Ichthys subsea production system.
Experience has been gained Field. The Ichthys Field expects to deliver
8.4 million tonnes of LNG and 1.6 Foinaven facility debottlenecking -
over more than 30 offshore North Sea
commissioning support projects, million tonnes of liquefied petroleum
gas (LPG) per annum, as well as 100,000 We conducted a comprehensive
ranging from small remedial scopes debottlenecking study for BP using
to FPSO redeployment. Our service is barrels of condensate per day at peak.
our MeasCap software tool. MeasCap
typically provided by engineers who The scale of the project has seen Atkins allowed the client to see the trade
understand the topsides process and deal with a wide range of issues, off between equipment cost vs oil
safety systems as well as subsea. including hydraulic analysis, thermal production rates, and determine where
analysis and hydrate management. the step changes in required investment
Detailed analysis has also been would be.
completed on the complex tasks of well
clean-up, initial well start-up, pipeline

Ichthys LNG, INPEX

Operations engineering | 13

Subsea flow assurance Gryphon FPSO recovery project reduced downtime and losses associated
Following an incident in severe with major equipment.
Shah Deniz debottlenecking study
weather, four anchor chains failed
The overall objective of the dynamic Landline pump stations
and significant damage was sustained
simulation study was to assess the optimisation study
to the subsea infrastructure. Atkins
controllability and operability of the BP asked us to determine the
prepared procedures to ensure that the
process at off-design and higher gas optimum plan for investment in an
subsea wells were isolated and could be
throughput rates and also examine the important UK landline, taking into
disconnected, and that flowlines were
extent of transient excursions during consideration CAPEX/OPEX associated
hydrocarbon freed and filled to minimise
upset scenarios. We modelled the full with decommissioning or upgrade/
any potential release upon disconnection
process facility in Aspen Hysys and replacement of pump stations and
from the FPSO. Atkins personnel
performed the dynamic runs in order equipment. Based on the studies
supervised the implementation of the
to validate the flare loads during the conducted, we determined that by
procedures offshore to ensure that
higher gas throughput rates. The flare replacing VSDs at one key pump station,
the workscopes ran smoothly and all
system was sized to handle a maximum would result in a potential commercial
requirements were met.
flowrate of 900 MMscfd during benefit of ~ 7M over the following 5
operational demand and 970 MMscfd Production efficiency improvement year period.
during emergency demand. Atkins (confidential client)
identified key debottleneck areas limiting Our client achieved significant increase
the operability at higher throughputs in overall asset production efficiency
and also necessary modifications to through revision to operators
mitigate the bottlenecks. maintenance strategies, which enabled

BPs Shah Deniz platform, Caspian sea

14|Operations engineering

Brownfield projects
Our intimate asset knowledge combined with our depth of operational
experience and access to the best engineering talent means we can tackle
the most complex and challenging of projects with confidence. With any
brownfield project the hidden costs are not in the new equipment but in
the impact on the existing process, its maintenance, structural and safety
systems. Utilising Atkins knowledge during the assess and concept phases
ensures the right option is selected and cost overruns are avoided.

We provide an extensive range factored loads. Atkins used plastic Reliability and production efficiency
of multi-disciplinary engineering design criteria to ensure strains in the improvement
services in support of asset steel were acceptable if the joints were Our reliability programmes have
brownfield project design; ranging strengthened prior to installation of the concentrated on supporting the
from additional/changed production AAD facilities. optimisation of day-to-day operations
requirements and meeting new on BP North Sea installations, with
Weve validated proposed strengthening
regulatory requirements to the specific focus on improving operating
details that were initially shown to be
removal/installation of new plant efficiencies. Reliability and production
inadequate and to show that other
equipment and advanced structural simulation models were used to
strengthening was not required.
analysis to accommodate changed assist in the prioritisation of remedial
topsides configurations. Strengthening Modification plant activity and current/future work
and Repair programs, such that an installations
Multi-disciplinary assess, vulnerability to potential production
We have undertaken more than 250
concept, FEED engineering and related threats will be significantly
SMR projects worldwide. Our deep
verification reduced.
understanding has led, together with a
Ross/Blake field life extension number of Joint Industry Projects (JIPs), We have also developed simulation
project process and utilities study to a considerable body of experience models for Andrew, Bruce, Clair,
Atkins identified key upgrades / and our input into codified guidance. Harding, Magnus, Foinaven, and ETAP
improvements required to Ross / Blake Core activities are: which includes production input from
facilities in order to deliver high uptimes
Clamp technology mechanical, Mungo / Monan, Machar, Marnock,
and meet the required performance
grouted, neoprene lined Mirren / Madoes. Each model is
specifications for the remaining field
Welding dry and wet constructed to include the throughlife
life. We provided clear rational for
performance of production and utility
improvement options with a FEED scope Weld improvement toe grinding,
equipment/systems, safety systems, and
for each system studied. profile grinding, hammer peening
throughlife reservoir profile(s).
Other techniques, including remedial
BP Unity tie-in study culzean grinding, composites, member Fort Hills, Canada
condensate development removal, bolting By using advanced process and flare
We undertook concept-select and simulations, explosion modeling and
Pre-FEED design for the tie-back of the surface mapping of pressure loads, we
Safety and risk services
Culzean condensate export pipeline to were able to rationalise the original
BP Unity platform. The subsea (riser) and BP North Sea life extension projects design and safety scenarios to match the
multi-discipline engineering was carried Atkins provided key safety support to actual needs of the facility.
out by one integrated team. both BP Magnus and ETAP platforms
life extension projects. These projects Commissioning support
Global Integrity Assessments were focussed on executing an extensive Maersk DSV 365 subsea
BP Andrew Area Development (AAD) remediation programme for each commissioning support
In Spring 2011, the AAD project was platform with a large additional offshore We were contracted by Maersk
in the final stages of detailed design workforce accommodated on a bridge to support all subsea project
when the existing topsides joints were linked flotel. Atkins assessment work implementations in the UK North
discovered to be insufficient to support identified measures to improve platform Sea Sector in conjunction with DSV
the new facilities due to be installed in safety during this critical project and contractor (Bibby Offshore) in 2014.
2012. provided assurance that the platforms
could continue to operate whilst the
The joints were heavily loaded by the
flotel was on station and remediation
pre-AAD topside loads and it was not
work taking place. This resulted in
possible to strengthen to maintain
significant savings for the operator.
the steel in the elastic range at the
Operations engineering | 15

Explosion modelling
16|Operations engineering

Late life management

Increasingly, the operating lives of offshore infrastructure need to be
extended significantly beyond the original design life. To cover the increased
focus needed on asset integrity, production optimisation and brownfield
projects, weve developed methodologies and techniques to safely manage
and upgrade aging assets portfolio, ultimately through to decommissioning.
The effectiveness of our versatile approach to late life management has been
extensively demonstrated on numerous facilities.

Late life asset management De-manning

Life extension Decommissioning

Life extension used an Abaqus global model to further module allows the platforms life to
refine the assessment, bringing the cost be extended to 2035 by providing the
North Rankin A
to the client down to less than 10% of necessary pressure increases to the
We were approached by the client to
their first estimation. reservoir.
give a second opinion on the cost for life
extension on North Rankin A. Through Compression upgrade for Claymore De-manning
a refined phased assessment approach Described as a benchmark for future
Atkins works closely with all the major
and reliability-based assessments, Atkins brownfield projects, Atkins assessed
operators to determine the de-manning
applied USFOS to demonstrate that the impact of the new 1700 tonne
requirements for critical storms affecting
the structure had significantly higher compression module on the existing
aging assets that now have issues.
capacity than initially thought. We also structure. The addition of the new

Image left and

USFOS pushover
concluded in
significant savings
to our client
Image right:
Original linear
Operations engineering | 17


Excalibur Pieter Schelte (now Pioneering Spirit), North Sea (credit Frans Berkelaar)

Decommissioning analysed and engineered the required led to our heavy involvement in the
modifications for installation in 2006. re-commissioning of the Gryphon FPSO
We have been actively involved in the
and new subsea infrastructure two years
decommissioning of offshore facilities in Eugene Island 322, Gulf of Mexico later.
the UKCS and Gulf of Mexico since the We were responsible for the
1990s. We have experience at all stages decommissioning assessment of the EI BP Amoco NW Hutton
of the decommissioning timeline for 322 complex, which was damaged by NW Hutton was the first major North
fixed, floating and subsea installation, Hurricane Lili. We undertook ultimate Sea installation to be physically removed.
providing the level of technical and strength analysis to establish toppling We provided both pre-decommissioning
costing expertise relevant to the stage loads and other key decommissioning and real time analysis support to
in the asset life span. We have delivered requirements. monitor the stability of the jacket during
concept studies through detailed design the cutting and removal operation. The
to assistance whilst decommissioning is Maersk Gryphon, North Sea largest jacket section removed weighed
underway. Activities typically include: When the Gryphon FPSO catastrophically 2,250 tonnes, from a complete jacket
drifted off station due to severe weather weight of 17,500 tonnes.
Decommissioning strategy
in 2011, Atkins was called upon to
- methodology statements,
support Maersk in making the affected Excalibur Pieter Schelte (now
philosophy, feasibility studies,
area safe and to manage the large scale Pioneering Spirit), North Sea
optioneering, execution plans
recovery program. We provided rapid In addition to current methods of
Programme scheduling and response by mobilising a task team of decommissioning, we have also
cost estimation - critical path skilled offshore engineers equipped with been involved in the development of
identification, event sequencing Atkins decommissioning procedures vessels which may be used in future
(including COP, well plugging and to manage the risks associated with deconstruction. The vessel will have the
abandonment), resource allocation, removing the inventory from the entire capacity to remove and install topsides
benchmarking subsea network, installing barriers up to 48,000 tonnes and jackets up to
Qualitative assessment - to prevent hydrocarbon release from 25,000 tonnes in a single lift operation
advanced structural analysis, safety stranded wells and performing all
engineering, weight assessment, construction work associated with Shell Brent Flare and Spar Anchor
independent verification, design, recovering un-salvageable assets. Blocks
hydrocarbon freeing/flushing In August 2005 Shell recovered the
procedures, comparative analysis We provided 24 hour offshore support Brent Flare and SPAR Anchor Block
Offshore supervision during removal, in a project management role acting as structures from the Brent Field. Atkins
inspection services and execution client representative to drive schedule carried out various studies to determine
support commitments while ensuring safe the possibility of re-use of the structures.
working and environmental compliance The anchor blocks were identified as
Camelot East Jacket, North Sea at all times. We also tracked the change having real residual civil engineering
We engineered the reuse of the Camelot to asset, providing status updates on value and were taken to Norway to
East facility which was installed in 1990 a daily basis to onshore management be used in the construction of a new
and removed in 2011 at the end of and produced close out documentation smarter decommissioning quay.
the field life. We completed detailed and deconstruction P&IDs for the
inspection requirements for reuse, and field. The success of this campaign
18|Operations engineering

Enriching industry learning

We believe that collaboration between operators and suppliers is one of
the keys to addressing the cost challenges faced by the industry. It is in our
mutual interests to ensure that money is spent most effectively, operations
are streamlined safely, production is improved and field life extended to
maximise economic recovery.

Committed to sharing industry JIP Carbon Fibre Reinforced JIP Diverless Repairs
learning we have been involved in Composites Full scale underwater demonstration
numerous Joint Industry Projects This four-phase JIP has involved over trials were conducted in this JIP of the
(JIPs) and hold regular lectures that 500 tests and has led to the creation of diverless implementation of grouted
brings industry experts together a design manual for the strengthening repair systems using ROV intervention
and encourage pan industry of offshore structural components using only. The trials were fully successful and
collaboration. carbon fibre composites. led to the development of installation
aids and procedures for diverless
During the last two decades, we JIP Neoprene-lined Clamps implementation.
have concluded the following seven Some 20 slip tests conducted on
relevant JIPs: neoprene-lined clamps under various SAFEBUCK JIP
conditions of bolt load and member The SAFEBUCK JIP developed
JIP Cause-Oriented Inspection surface condition. The tests confirmed methodologies to deliver a safe and
System (COINS) earlier indications that the slip capacity effective pipeline design that permits
Our commitment to improving is not as high as was generally believed. lateral buckling that takes into account
integrity management techniques is New robust guidance was formulated the associated pipeline walking
demonstrated by our Cause-Oriented based on the test data. phenomena. The design guideline has
Inspection System (COINS) JIP, which been utilised on many major projects
applies root cause analysis to all failure The ownership of the technologies around the globe.
modes to develop a more focussed developed in the above JIPs resides with
and effective integrity risk assessment Atkins. These technologies are available
approach. to any study work carried out by Atkins
on behalf of our clients.
JIP Strengthening, Modification and
Repair JIP Grouted Joints
A design manual has been created This JIP involved in excess of 150
covering all strengthening, modification structural tests, leading to a design
and repair techniques for offshore manual for the strength, local joint
platforms, delivering new and flexibility, SCF and fatigue life design
more robust design procedures for of grouted joints utilising standard API
strengthening and repair techniques. grouts.

JIP SAFEBUCK: Finite element analyis of lateral buckle in soft seabed

Operations engineering | 19

Image credits
BP (page 04,13)
Shell (page 5)
ADMA OPCO (page 10)
INPEX (Ichthys LNG) (page 12)
Frans Berkelaar (photo credit Excalibur
Pieter Schelte / Pioneering Spirit, page 17)
The Atkins logo, Carbon Critical Design and the strapline
Plan Design Enable are trademarks of Atkins Ltd.
Atkins Ltd except where stated otherwise.