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EN 3-2005 Example 001

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BENDING

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial strengths are tested in this example considering in-plane
behavior only.

A continuous column is subjected to factored load N = 210 kN and My,Ed = 43


kN-m. This example was tested using the Eurocode 3-2005 steel frame design
code. The design capacities are compared with independent hand calculated
results.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

NEd
My,Ed

L
A A

Section A-A

L = 3.5 m

Material Properties Loading Design Properties


E = 210x103 MPa N = 210 kN fy = 235 MPa
v = 0.3 My,Ed = 43 kN-m Section: IPE 200
G = 80770 MPa
TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (beam-column)
Member interaction capacities, D/C, Method 1

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 1


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RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from hand calculations based on the CSI steel
design documentation contained in the file SFD-EC-3-2005.pdf, which is
available through the program Help menu. This example was taken from "New
design rules in EN 1993-1-1 for member stability," Worked example 1 in section
5.2.1, page 151.

Percent
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent Difference

Compactness Class 1 Class 1 0.00%

D/CAxial 0.334 0.334 0.00%

D/CBending 0.649 0.646 0.46%

COMPUTER FILE: EN 3-2005 EX001

CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 2


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HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: S235
fy = 235 MPa
E = 210,000 MPa
G = 80,770 MPa
Section: IPE 200
A = 2848 mm2
h = 200 mm, bf = 100 mm, tf = 8.5 mm, tw = 5.6 mm, r = 12 mm
hw = h 2t f = 200 2 85 = 183mm

b f tw 2r 100 5.6 2 12
=c = = 35.2 mm
2 2
Iyy = 19,430,000 mm4
Wel,y = 194,300 mm3
Wpl,y = 220,600 mm3
Member:
Lyy = Lzz = 3,500 mm (unbraced length)
M 0 =
1
M1 =
1
y = 0.21

Loadings:
N Ed = 210, 000 N
M Ed , y ,Left = 0 N-m

M Ed , y ,Right = 43000 N-m

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 3


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Section Compactness:
235 235
= = = 1
fy 235

1 N Ed
1 =
1 1
2 2htw f y
1 210, 000
=
1 = 0.6737
2 2 200 5.6 235

Localized Buckling for Flange:


For the tip in compression under combined bending and compression
9 9 1
cl .1 = = = 13.36
0.6737
c 35.2
e = = = 4.14
tf 8.5

=
e 4.14 < =
cl .1 13.36
So Flange is Class 1 in combined bending and compression

Localized Buckling for Web:


> 0.5, so
396 396 1
= = = 51.05 for combined bending & compression
13 1 13 0.6737 1
cl .1

d 183
e = = = 28.39
tw 5.6
=
e 32.68 < =
cl .1 51.05
So Web is Class 1 in combined bending and compression

Since Flange and Web are Class 1, Section is Class 1.

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 4


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Section Compression Capacity:


N c , Rk = Af y = 2.848 103 235 106 = 669 kN

Member Compression Capacity:


2 EI 22 2 210000 106 19.43 106
=
N cr ,22 = = 3287 kN
L2 3.52

Section Bending Capacity:


M pl , y , Rk= W pl , y f y= 220.6 106 235 106= 51.8 kN-m

Interaction Capacities - Method 1:


Member Bending & Compression Capacity with Buckling
Compression Buckling Factors
Af y 2.858 103 235 106
=
y = = 0.451
N cr , y 3287 103

y 0.5 1 + y ( y 0.2 ) + =
= 2
y
0.5 1 + 0.21 ( 0.451 0.2 ) + 0.451
=2
0.628
1 1
=
y = = 0.939 1
y y ( y ) (
+ 2 2 0.628 + 0.6282 0.4512
)
Auxiliary Terms
N Ed
1 1
210
N cr , y 3287
=y = = 0.996
N Ed 210
1 y 1 0.939
N cr , y 3287

W pl , y 220.6 106
=
wy = = 1.135 1.5
Wel , y 194.3 106

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 5


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Cmo Factor
M Ed , y ,right 0
=
y = = 0
M Ed , y ,left 43 103

0.79 + 0.21 y + 0.36 ( y 0.33)


N Ed
Cmy=
,0
N cr , y
210
Cmy =
,0 0.79 + 0.21 0 + 0.36 ( 0 0.33) = 0.782
3287
=
Cmy C=
my ,0 0.782 because no LTB is likely to occur.

Elastic-Plastic Bending Resistance

Because LTB is prevented, bLT = 0 so aLT = 0


1.6 N
1 + ( wy 1) 2
1.6
C yy = Cmy 2 22 Cmy 2 y 2 Ed bLT
wy wy N c , Rk

M1


1.6 1.6 210 10
3
1 + (1.135 1) 2
C yy = 0.7822 0.451 0.7822 0.4512 0
1.135 669 10
3
1.135
1.0

Wel , y 194.3 106


C yy = 1.061 = = 0.881
W pl , y 220.6 106

N Ed 210 103
=
D / CAxial =
N c , Rk 669 103
y 0.939
M1 1

D / CAxial = 0.334

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 6


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Cmy M Ed , y ,right 0.782 43 10 3

D / CBending =
y =
0.996
210 10
3
51.8 10 3
1 N Ed C M pl , y , Rk 1 3
1.061
N cr , y yy M 1 3287 10 1

D / CBending = 0.646

D / CTotal = 0.980

EN 3-2005 Example 001 - 7