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DETAILED LESSON PLAN

I. Objectives:

At the end of the discussion, the learners should be able to:

Distinguish prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells according to their distinguishing


features
Describe the structure and function of major and subcellular organelles

II. Subject matter:

A. Topic: 1. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic cells


2. Cell Structure and Functions

B. Instructional materials: power point presentation


White board
Black pen

C. Reference: k-12 Education Curriculum


Senior High School- STEM Specialized Subject
STEM_BIO11/12-Ia-c2
STEM_BIO11/12-Ia-c3
III. Procedure:

A. Preliminary activity

1. Opening prayer
2. Checking of attendance
3. Review (the cell theory and the meaning of the cell)
The cell was discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665.
by 1839 Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Theodor Schwann, states that
cells are the fundamental unit of structure and function in all living
organisms and that all cells contain the hereditary informationfor
transmitting information to the next generation of cells.
4. Motivation (giving of actual setting examples to the learners that enrich the
new lesson)
B. Lesson proper
Teachers activity Students activity
1. Presentation

Good morning everyone Good morning maam

I will be your teacher today, Im


Ms.FEBIE PALAPUZ but you can
call me Maam Feb and Im going
to discuss about the different parts
of the cell and their vital functions
2. Discussion

There are two types of cell.

Any idea what are those types?

Yes, sir your raising your hand Maam, the prokaryotic and
Mr./Ms,_______________ eukaryotic cell.

Very good answer! Thank you


Mr./Ms,______________

Cell are of two types:

Eukaryotic which contain a


nucleus

Prokaryotic which do not.

Plants, animals, fungi, slime molds,


protozoa, and algae are all
eukaryotic.

Prokaryoticthey are simpler and


smaller than eukaryotic cells, and it
is for bacterial cells.

Eukaryote cells are about fifteen


times wider than a typical
prokaryote and can be as much as a
thousand times greater in volume.

Thats the difference of prokaryotes


and eukaryotes cells

Now we will discuss more about


the eukaryotic cell. We will tackle
the similarities and differences of
the plants and animals cells.

Are you familiar with the different


parts of the eukaryotes cell? Can (students are raising their hands
you give me? and giving their idea about the
different parts of the cell)
Yes, Mr./Ms_______________

That a great answer! Thank you.

Very good! Thank you.


(discussing the different parts (the students are listening
andfunction of the cells and giving attentively and cooperating with
ample of examples) the different examples)

Cell wall-The outer layer of cell,


provides support and protects the
plant cell (only in the plant cell)

Organelles are parts of the cell


which are adapted and/or
specialized for carrying out one or
more vital functions,

Nucleus- A cell's information


center, the cell nucleus is the most
conspicuous organelle found in a
eukaryotic cell. It houses the cell's
chromosomes, and is the place
where almost all DNA replication
and RNA synthesis (transcription)
occur.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) -


The ER has two forms: the rough
ER, which has ribosomes on its
surface that secrete proteins into
the ER, and the smooth ER, which
lacks ribosomes. The smooth ER
plays a role in calcium
sequestration and release

Ribosomes - The ribosome is a


large complex of RNA and protein
molecules. They act as an assembly
line where RNA from the nucleus
is used to synthesize proteins from
amino acids. Ribosomes can be
found either floating freely or
bound to a membrane.

A lysosome is derived from the


greek words lysis meaning "to
loosen", and soma "body".
Lysosomes contain digestive
enzymes (acid hydrolases). They
digest excess or worn-out
organelles, food particles, and
engulfed viruses or bacteria
Respiration occurs in the cell
mitochondria, which generate the
cell's energy by oxidative
phosphorylation, using oxygen to
release energy stored in cellular
nutrients (typically pertaining to
glucose) to generate ATP.
Responsible for producing most of
the chemical energy that cells need
to function,

Chloroplasts can only be found in


plants and algae, and they capture
the sun's energy to make
carbohydrates through
photosynthesis

Vacuoles Stores water, food, waste


and more for a plant cell. They are
often described as liquid filled
space and are surrounded by a
membrane.

I believed you already understand (Some students will ask for


the different parts and their clarification and others will
function, if not feel free to ask response that they understand the
questions and I am gladly to accept lesson.)
any information added to our
lesson.

3. Generalization

Ok, lets do the recap. (students will cooperate with high


energy)
We will compare and contrast the
different parts and we will give
their vital functions.

Can anyone give me a brief (share his/her own understanding


summary of our lesson today? about the lesson)

Yes, Mr./Ms.______________

Very Good! Thank you.

IV. Evaluation
Teachers activity Students activity
A. (this will take 5 minute)

So for your quiz, get a sheet of yellow (students get their paper)
paper and number it from 1 to 15
(answers)

1 and 2. What are the two types of cells 1. Eukaryotes can be found inPlants,
and give a brief description. animals, fungi, slime molds,
protozoa, and algae cell and
3 to 11. Give the different parts of the cells Contain nucleus
and their functions
2. Prokaryotes can be found in
12 and 13. What are the two parts of cell bacterial cell and do not contain
that are not found in animals? nucleus

14.What is the by-product of the 3. Cell wallThe outer layer of cell,


photosynthesis? provides support and protects the
plant cell
15. RNA and ribosome helps each other to
synthesize amino acids to become 4. Cytoskeletonacts to organize and
_________. maintain the cell's shape;

5. Nucleus-A cell's information center

6. Endoplasmic reticulum which has


ribosomes on its surface that secrete
proteins

7. Ribosomes They act as an assembly


line where RNA from the nucleus is
used to synthesize proteins from
amino acids

8. A lysosomecontainsdigestive
enzymes. They digest excess or
worn-out organelles, food particles,
and engulfed viruses or bacteria

9. Mitochondriagenerate the cell's


energy by oxidative
phosphorylation, using oxygen to
release energy stored in cellular
nutrients

10. Chloroplaststhey capture the sun's


energy to make carbohydrates
through photosynthesis

11. VacuolesStore water, food, waste


and more for a plant cell.
All done?
Now pass your papers and Ill give you the
result tomorrow. 12. Chloroplasts
13. Cell wall
14. Carbohydrate
15. Protein

V. Assignment
Teachers activity Students activity

And for your assignment, read about cell (students take notes)
division

Thats for now, hope you learn Goodbye and thank you maam.
something today. God bless.

Prepared by:

FEBIE G. PALAPUZ