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Cisco Wide Area

Application Services
(WAAS) v4.1

Technical Overview

David Fernandez
Systems Engineer
Cisco

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process

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I/Ts Application Delivery Problem
 Increasingly
Increasinglydistributed
distributed  Data
Dataprotection,
protection,availability,
availability,
workforce
workforcedrives
drivesneed
needfor
for compliance,
compliance,andandmanagement
management
distribution
distributionof
ofI/T
I/Tresources
resourcesto
to drives
drivesneed
needfor
forconsolidation
consolidation
remote
remotelocations
locations Fewer
Fewerdevices
devicestotomanage
manage
Enable
Enableproductivity
productivity Fewer
Fewerpoints
pointsto
toprotect
protect
Drive
Driverevenue
revenueand
andprofits
profits

Remote
RemoteOffices
Offices
Distribution
Primary
Primary
Distribution of
of
Data Center
Resources
Resources Data Center

Regional
RegionalOffices
Offices
Data Secondary
Data center
center Secondary
consolidation
consolidation
Data
DataCenter
Center

Home Offices
Home Offices

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The WAN Is A Barrier To Consolidation

 Applications perform well in LAN:


High bandwidth Round Trip Time (RTT) ~ 0mS

Low latency
Reliability
Client
LAN Switch Server

 Applications perform poorly in WAN:


Already congested
Low bandwidth Round Trip Time (RTT) ~ many many milliseconds

Latency WAN

Packet Loss
LAN Switch
Client Server
LAN Switch

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 Remote Access Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

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Cisco WAAS
Comprehensive WAN Optimization Solution
 Accelerates applications over the WAN
 Delivers video to the branch
 Provides local hosting of branch IT services
Mobile Data Center
Internet
O
Opptitim
miz
izeeddCCon
Remote Office onnneecctio
tionnss

VPN

O
Oppttiim
miizzeed
dCCoonnn
neeccttio
Remote Office WAN ionnss

Optimized
Optimized Connections
Connections

edd nss
Remote Office s izize tioion
eccttiioonns m cct
ittm
p i nee
nnne OOponnn
e d
d Coon
C CCo
VV V
BB B
ze
miiz
ttiim
Backup Data Center
12 3 O
Opp

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Application Performance Improvements
Category Applications 2X 5X 10X 25X 50X 100X+
CIFS
File Sharing NFS
2-20X Avg >100X Peak

Email Microsoft Exchange


Lotus Notes 2-5X Avg 20X Peak
Internet Mail

Web and HTTP


2-10X Avg 100X Peak
WebDAV
Collaboration FTP
Microsoft Sharepoint

Software Microsoft SMS


Altiris 2-20X Avg >100X Peak
Distribution HP Radia

Enterprise Microsoft SQL


Oracle, SAP 2-5X Avg 20X Peak
Applications Lotus Notes

Backup Microsoft NTBackup


Legato Networker 2-10X Avg 50X Peak
Applications Veritas Netbackup
CommVault Galaxy

EMC SRDF/A
Data Replication EMC IP Replicator 2-10X Avg 50X Peak
NetApp SnapMirror
Data Domain
Double-Take
Veritas Vol Replicator

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 Remote Access Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

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New

Cisco WAAS Product Architecture

Platform Management and Services

Virtual Virtual
CIFS MAPI HTTP SSL Video NFS
WoW Blade Blade Configuration
AO AO AO AO AO AO
#2 #3 Management
System
(CMS)
TCP Proxy with Scheduler Optimizer (SO) Embedded
DRE, LZ, TFO virtualization

Cisco WAAS Operating System


Policy Engine, Filter-Bypass, Egress Method, Directed Mode, Auto-Discovery
Ethernet
Disk Storage (Cache, VB storage etc.) Network
I/O

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TCP Connection Establishment

Attempt Connection
Src port, Dst port
Sequence Number TCP SYN
Window Size, Checksum
Options (MSS, SACK, etc.) Acknowledge Connection
Attempt Connection
Src port, Dst port
TCP SYN, ACK Sequence Number
Acknowledgement Number
Window Size, Checksum
Options (MSS, SACK, etc.)
Acknowledge Connection
Sequence Number
Acknowledgement Number TCP ACK
Window Size, Checksum
Options (MSS, SACK, etc.)

GET HTTP/1.1 APPLICATION DATA

2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. WAAS v4.09 (in latest Cisco template)1-10
TCP Flow Optimization (TFO)
 Improves application throughput
 Improves existing WAN bandwidth utilization
 Shield end-nodes from unruly WAN conditions
Bandwidth scalability - help certain applications fill-the-pipe
Connection fairness - ensure bandwidth is allocated fairly amongst flows
Loss mitigation - selective acknowledgement and retransmission
Slow-start mitigation - improve connection setup time
 TCP Proxy architecture provides LAN-like TCP behavior and provides higher levels of
compression than per-packet compression
 TFO provides adaptive buffering to help ensure that connections requiring additional
memory can achieve higher throughput automatically without compromising on
fairness

DRE WAN DRE


PLZ PLZ

TCP TCP TCP TCP


LAN-like TCP Behavior Optimized TCP Connections LAN-like TCP Behavior

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Selective Acknowledgement

 Standard TCP implementations acknowledge receipt of data by


acknowledging that the entire window has been received.
 Loss of a packet causes retransmission of the entire TCP window,
causing performance degradation as the window becomes larger.

Transmit Receive
3 2 1 2 1

ACK
Retransmit
3 2 1 3 2 1

ACK 3 2 1

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Selective Acknowledgement (Cont.)

Cisco WAAS employs Selective Acknowledgement and


extensions to improve acknowledgement of transmitted
data, improve delivery of missing segments, and
minimize unnecessary retransmission.

WAN

Transmit Receive Transmit Receive


3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 2 1
ACK ACK 2 1
Retransmit Transmit Receive
3 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1
ACK 3 2 1 ACK

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TCP Performance Challenges

Bandwidth Starvation for Short-Lived


Connections
Inability to Use Available Bandwidth

cwnd

TCP

Slow Start Congestion Avoidance Time (RTT)

Inefficient Response to Packet


Loss/Congestion

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WAAS TFO
Cisco TFO Provides Significant Throughput
Improvements over Standard TCP Implementations

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Comparing TCP and TFO

Cisco TFO provides significant throughput


improvements over standard TCP implementations

TFO
cwnd

TCP

Slow start Congestion avoidance Time (RTT)

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Advanced Compression

 Data Redundancy Elimination (DRE):


Application-agnostic compression
Up to 100:1 compression
 Persistent LZ Compression:
Session-based compression
Up to an additional 10:1 compression even after DRE

LZ
WAN LZ

DRE DRE

Synchronized
Compression
History

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Data Transfer With Compression

WAN

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DRE : A Fully Chunked Message

Level-0 Chunk Level-1 Chunk Level-2 Chunk Level-3 Chunk


Basic Chunk ~1024 bytes ~4096 bytes ~16384 bytes
~256 bytes

ORIGINAL DATA

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DRE Pattern Matching

DRE Database

NO MATCH
NO MATCH
NO MATCH
NO MATCH
Original
Original Encoded
Encoded
Message
Message Message
Message

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Simple Transparent In-path Deployment
 Simple Plug-and-Play Deployment Remote
Office
Physical in-path deployment between switch
and router or firewall requires no network
changes
Mechanical fail-to-wire upon hardware,
software, or power failure
 Scalability and High Availability
Two two-port fail-to-wire groups provides
support for redundant network paths and
asymmetric routing
Serial in-path clustering with load-sharing and
fail-over
 Seamless Transparent Integration
Transparency and automatic discovery WAN

802.1q VLAN trunking support

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Supported on all WAE appliance models
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Network-Integrated Off-path Interception
 Transparent integration and automatic Remote
discovery regardless of interception Office
method
 WCCPv2 Interception
WAE
WAE
Active/active clustering supports up to 32 Cluster
Cluster
Original
Original
WAEs and 32 routers with automatic Flow
Flow
load-balancing, load redistribution, fail-
over, and fail-through operation
Near-linear scalability and performance
improvement when adding devices
Interception
Interception
 Policy-Based Routing Interception Redirection
Redirection
Monitoring
Monitoring
Optimized
Optimized
Routing of flows to be optimized through a Flow
Flow
Cisco WAE as a next-hop router
WAN
Active/passive clustering provides high
availability and failover using IP SLAs as
a tracking mechanism
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Cisco WAAS Auto-Discovery

 Cisco WAAS devices automatically discover one


another and negotiate optimization capabilities
 Eliminates the need for complex overlay networks with
tunnels that could double management effort and break
control, security, and monitoring systems

WCCPv2
WCCPv2 WCCPv2
WCCPv2
A
A or
B
B
or PBR
PBR or
or PBR
PBR

WAN

A:B
A:B TCP
TCP SYN
SYN B:A
B:A TCP
TCP SYN/ACK
SYN/ACK A:B
A:B TCPB:A
TCP SYN
TCP
SYN
B:A TCP SYN/ACK
SYN/ACK A:B
A:BB:A
TCP
TCP
B:A TCP
SYN
SYN
TCP SYN/ACK
SYN/ACK
(marked)
(marked) (marked)
(marked) (marked)
(marked)

ACCELERATION
II would
would like
ACCELERATION like II know
Acknowledge
know WAE1
WAE1 is
Acknowledge is
WAE1 CONFIRMED!
to
to accelerate
CONFIRMED!
accelerate WAE2 in
in the
Acceleration!
the path,
path, lets
Acceleration!
lets
this
this connection!
connection! Hereaccelerate!
Here are
are my
my details
accelerate! details
Here
Here are
are my
my details
details

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Cisco WAE Disk Encryption
 Cisco WAE Disk Encryption  Standards-Based Strong Encryption
Optional feature applied against data Follows FIPS 140-2 level 2 specification
partitions within the WAE to mitigate with certification to follow
concern of data theft due to stolen drives
or physically compromised WAE devices 256-bit Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES) cipher, which is the standard for US
Keys fetched from CM upon boot and Government data protection and the
stored in memory only, WAE will pass- strongest commercially-available
through if keys are unavailable encryption
Keys synchronized amongst Central Cisco WAAS is In Evaluation with
Managers to ensure high availability Common Criteria certification

Cisco WAAS
Central Manager

WAN

Fetch Disk Encryption


Key and Store in RAM
Remote Office Disk
Data Center
Disk Disk

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 Remote Access Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

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CIFS Application Optimizer
Click for More Details
Problem
CIFS is a "chatty" protocols and when used in an environment with high latency,
packet loss, and bandwidth constraints such as a WAN, file server access over the
WAN is significantly diminished.
Solution
 File and Metadata caching Benefits
 Read-ahead  Enable consolidation of distributed file
and print resources into the data
 Message pipelining center without compromising
 Scheduled preposition to pre-populate performance.
 Offload of Data Center Servers
 Transparent integration
 Dedicated CIFS cache (SMS
distribution point, user home area)

WAN

Files

FILE.DOC

Cache
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New

HTTP Application Optimizer Click for More Details


Problem
 Slow page load on Interactive Web applications
 Browsers serially open and close connections to fetch small objects (e.g graphics)
 Latency in a connection open/close could be higher than object transmit time.
Solution
 Fast Connection Reuse - Optimized connections on the WAN remain active for a short period of time to be re-
used should additional data between the client-server pair need to be exchanged
 Proxy Connect to SSL Servers Each HTTP request is being inspected and forwarded to the HTTP or SSL AO
or general optimization
Benefits
 This eliminates the latency caused by establishing multiple connections between clients and servers
 Tuned to offset connection bursts
Bounded session and idle timeouts
 Transparency is maintained
Only same pair of client and server requests are reused
 Compliments and preserves http application pipelining

Connect (SYN, SYN-ACK, ACK)


HTTP Request
HTTP Response
Connect
HTTP Request
HTTP Response
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Available in WAAS 4.1.3

The Need for SSL Acceleration


 WAAS optimization benefits are maximized only when applied to
decrypted payload
WAN

SSL Handshake

session key derived

Encrypted Data Exchange

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Available in WAAS 4.1.3

Cisco WAAS SSL Optimization Solution


 Core WAE acts as a Trusted Intermediary Node for SSL requests by client
 Private Key and Server Certificate are stored on the Core WAE device
 Core WAE participates in SSL Handshake to derive session key
 Distributes the session key securely in-band to the Edge WAE over the
established connection between the Edge WAE and Core WAE

Edge WAE Send session key


Core WAE

Transparent
Secure Channel

SSL Handshake SSL Handshake

WAN
Original
Original Data
Data -- Encrypted
Encrypted Optimized
Optimized &
& Encrypted
Encrypted Original
Original Data
Data -- Encrypted
Encrypted

SSL Session Client to Core WAE (WAAS) SSL Session Core WAE to Server
- Core WAE: Server Private Key

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 Remote Access Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

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Virtualized App Delivery for Branch Office New

Cisco WAAS 4.1 with Virtual Blade Technology


 Centralize what you can with WAAS
 Locally host services (e.g. Windows Server) on same WAAS device
Flexible, Optimized Branch IT Data Center
Cisco WAAS

Local
Backup Storage

Users WAN
Business and
Servers Communication Apps
Cisco
WAAS

Router Storage Backup

Cisco WAAS Virtual Blade Technology


Providing Best Mix of Distributed and Centralized IT Services
Validated by Microsoft for Windows Services
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Virtual Blade Sample Flow New

Allocate Resources and Deploy Image

 Allocate resources and start Virtual-Blade instance


Easy & Simple - from WAAS CM or from CLI

 Centrally deploy server image over to WAE


From CLI or WAAS CM, using FTP or HTTP

Remote Office
VV V
BB B Data Center
12 3 ISR

WAASAppliance WAN

Remote Office WAAS


Appliance
VVV
BBB
1 2 3 ISR

WAASAppliance

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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 VPN Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

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Cisco WAAS Mobile Network Layout

WAAS
Branch Office WAN

Large Campus
WAAS OR
WAAS Data Center
Regional
WAAS
Office WAAS Mobile
Mobile Server
Server VPN
VPN Internet

International Domestic
Mobile User Mobile User
WAAS Mobile SW
WAAS Mobile SW over VPN
over VPN

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Cisco Wide Area Engine (WAE)

The Cisco WAE Appliances are designed to address


varying customer needs, from very small branch offices
to massive data center deployments, and offer the
highest single-device and clustered-device scalability in
the industry

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Cisco WAAS Router Modules
 The Cisco Wide Area Application
Services (WAAS) network
modules provide integrated WAN
optimization with Cisco Integrated
Services Routers (ISR), enabling
you to implement full feature WAN
NME-WAE optimization while minimizing total
Router-Integrated Network Module
for the Cisco Integrated Services Router
cost of ownership

 Can be clustered with WCCPv2,


PBR, and is supported in ISR
models 2811, 2821, 2851, 3825,
Cisco Integrated Services and 3845
Router (ISR) Series

Reduce Branch Reduce Cost with Single Box Solution for


Footprint Integrated Support Voice, Security, Wan Opt

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WAAS Virtual Blades-Capable Branch New

Appliances
 Cisco Wide Area
Virtualization Engine
WAVE-274 Appliance (WAVE) appliances extend
the Cisco WAN optimization
appliance portfolio to provide
WAVE-474 Appliance
the industry's only branch-
office appliance family that
incorporates comprehensive
WAN optimization,
WAVE-574 Appliance embedded virtualization for
local hosting, and branch-
office video delivery.
WAE-674 Appliance

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Cisco WAAS Branch Platforms
Max Opt Number
Hardware Drive Memory WAN Capacity
TCP Inline cards of Virtual RAID
Configuration (GB) (GB) (Mbps)
Conn Blades

NME-WAE-302 250 N/A N/A 80 N/A .5 4

NME-WAE-502 500 N/A N/A 120 N/A 1 4

NME-WAE-522 800 N/A N/A 160 N/A 2 8

WAVE-274 200 2-port 1 250 N/A 3 2

WAVE-474 400 2-port 1 250 N/A 3 4

WAE-512-1GB 750 4-port N/A 250 RAID-1 1 8

WAE-512-2GB 1,500 4-port N/A 250 RAID-1 2 20

WAVE-574-3GB 750 2-port/4-port 1 500 RAID-1 3 8

WAVE-574-6GB 1,300 2-port/4-port 3 500 RAID-1 6 20

WAE-612-2GB 2,000 4-port N/A 300 RAID-1 2 45

WAE-612-4GB 6,000 4-port N/A 300 RAID-1 4 90

WAE-674-4GB 2,000 4-port 1 600 RAID-5 4 45

WAE-674-8GB 6,000 4-port 3 600 RAID-5 8 90

* Final recommendations requires a detailed sizing exercise that include application traffic mix, traffic characteristics, application load and other factors
mentioned in the sizing guidelines.
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Cisco WAE Family
Data Center Platforms
Hardware Max Opt Fan- Memory WAN Capacity
Inline cards Drive (GB) RAID
Configuration TCP Conn Out (GB) (Mbps)

WAE-674-8GB 6,000 4-port 600 RAID-5 200 8 90

WAE-7341 12,000 4-port 900 RAID-5 1400 8 310

WAE-7371 50,000 4-port 1500 RAID-5 2800 24 1000

Replicator Mode

WAE-7341 2,500 4-port 900 RAID-5 4 8 310

WAE-7371 5,000 4-port 1500 RAID-5 9 24 1000

WAE-7341 WAE-7371 WAE-674


Enterprise Data Center Appliance Enterprise Data Center Appliance Enterprise Appliance

* Final recommendations requires a detailed sizing exercise that include application traffic mix, traffic characteristics, application load and other factors
mentioned in the sizing guidelines.
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Agenda

 Enterprise Application Delivery Challenges


 Introducing Cisco Wide Area Application Services
 Cisco WAAS Product Architecture
 Application Specific Acceleration
 Data Replication Acceleration
 Network-embedded virtualization
 VPN Optimization with WAAS Mobile
 Management and WAE Platforms
 Application Performance Solution Process
 WAAS Installation steps
 Summary
 Q&A

BRKAPP-1004
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BRKAPP-1004
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