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Assignment

Computer Application in Business

Submitted

To

Mr. Shahid Waseem

By

Kishwar hanif Roll No: 312-3355

MBA 1st SEMESTER

Submission Date: 15th December 2012

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Table of Contents
Submitted ....................................................................................................................................... 1
Task 1:............................................................................................................................................. 3
What is an operating system? ..................................................................................................... 3
Introduction of Operating System:.............................................................................................. 3
How many operating systems are available in the Pakistani market? ........................................ 6
What is an android operating system? Give some detail. ........................................................... 6
Task 2:............................................................................................................................................. 8
Provide comprehensive information about two softwares, which are being used in the field
of Business. ............................................................................................................................. 8
Software Name: HSBC Mobile Cash Management App ........................................................ 9
References ..............................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

References

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Task 1:

What is an operating system?

Answer:

Introduction of Operating System:


An operating system is a program that acts as an intermediary between a user of computer
and the computer hardware, and makes the computer system convenient to use. Operating
system also abbreviated as OS. And it is considered the backbone of a computer,
managing both software and hardware resources.

Operating systems are responsible for everything from the control and allocation of
memory to recognizing input from external devices and transmitting output to computer
displays. They also manage files on computer hard drives and control peripherals, like
printers and scanners. The other programs are called applications or application
programs. The application programs make use of the operating system by making
requests for services through a defined application program interface (API). In addition,
users can interact directly with the operating system through a user interface such as a
command language or a graphical user interface (GUI).

The operating system of a large computer system has even more work to do. Such
operating systems monitor different programs and users, making sure everything runs
smoothly, without interference, despite the fact that numerous devices and programs are
used simultaneously. An operating system also has a vital role to play in security. Its job
includes preventing unauthorized users from accessing the computer system.

All major computer platforms (hardware and software) require and sometimes include an
operating system. Linux, Windows 2000, VMS, OS/400, AIX, and z/OS are all examples
of operating systems.

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Operating System

User

Application

Operating System

Hardware

Types of Operating System:

Types of operating system are as follows:

Real Time Systems:


A real-time operating system is a multitasking operating system that aims at
executing real-time applications. Real-time operating systems often use
specialized scheduling algorithms so that they can achieve a deterministic nature
of behavior. The main objective of real-time operating systems is their quick and
predictable response to events. They have an event-driven or time-sharing design
and often aspects of both. An event-driven system switches between tasks based
on their priorities or external events while time-sharing operating systems switch
tasks based on clock interrupts.

Multi User:
A multi-user operating system allows multiple users to access a computer system
at the same time. Time-sharing systems and Internet servers can be classified as
multi-user systems as they enable multiple-user access to a computer through the
sharing of time. Single-user operating systems have only one user but may allow
multiple programs to run at the same time.

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Distributed:
A distributed operating system manages a group of independent computers and
makes them appear to be a single computer. The development of networked
computers that could be linked and communicate with each other gave rise to
distributed computing. Distributed computations are carried out on more than one
machine. When computers in a group work in cooperation, they make a
distributed system.

Embedded:
Embedded operating systems are designed to be used in embedded computer
systems. They are designed to operate on small machines like PDAs with less
autonomy. They are able to operate with a limited number of resources. They are
very compact and extremely efficient by design. Windows CE and Minix 3 are
some examples of embedded operating systems.

Multi-tasking vs. single-tasking:


A multi-tasking operating system allows more than one program to be running at
a time, from the point of view of human time scales. the operating system
determines which applications should run in what order and how much time
should be allowed for each application before giving another application a turn.
A single-tasking system has only one running program.
Multi-tasking can be of two types: pre-emptive and co-operative.
In pre-emptive multitasking, the operating system slices the CPU time and
dedicates one slot to each of the programs. Unix-like operating systems such as
Solaris and Linux support pre-emptive multitasking, as does AmigaOS.
Cooperative multitasking is achieved by relying on each process to give time to
the other processes in a defined manner. 16-bit versions of Microsoft Windows
used cooperative multi-tasking. 32-bit versions of both Windows NT and Win9x,
used pre-emptive multi-tasking. Mac OS prior to OS X used to support
cooperative multitasking.

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How many operating systems are available in the Pakistani market?

Answer:
Below is a basic list of the different operating systems and a few examples of operating
systems that fall into each of the categories. Many computer operating systems will fall
into more than one of the below categories.

GUI: Short for Graphical User Interface, below are some examples of GUI Operating
Systems.
System 7.x
Windows 98
Windows CE

Multi User: A multi-user operating system allows for multiple users to use the same
computer at the same time and different times.
Linux
Unix
Windows 2000

What is an android operating system? Give some detail.

Answer:
Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile
devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. It was developed by Android, Inc.,
whom Google financially backed and later purchased in 2005.

Android is open source and Google releases the code under the Apache License. This
open source code and permissive licensing allows the software to be freely modified and
distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers and enthusiast developers.
Additionally, Android has a large community of developers writing applications (apps)
that extend the functionality of devices, written primarily in a customized version of the
Java programming language.

These factors have allowed Android to become the world's most widely used smartphone
platform and the software of choice for technology companies who require a low-cost,
customizable, lightweight operating system for high tech devices without developing one
from scratch. As a result, despite being primarily designed for phones and tablets, it has
seen additional applications on televisions, games consoles and other electronics.
Android's open nature has further encouraged a large community of developers and

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enthusiasts to use the open source code as a foundation for community-driven projects,
which add new features for advanced users or bring Android to devices which were
officially released running other operating systems.

Android had a worldwide smartphone market share of 75% during the third quarter of
2012, with 500 million devices activated in total and 1.3 million activations per day.
However, the operating system's success has made it a target for patent litigation as part
of the so-called "smartphone wars" between technology companies.

Interface:
Android's user interface is based on direct manipulation, using touch inputs that loosely
correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching and reverse pinching to
manipulate on-screen objects. The response to user input is designed to be immediate and
provides a fluid touch interface, often using the vibration capabilities of the device to
provide haptic feedback to the user.

Android devices boot to the homescreen, the primary navigation and information point
on the device, which is similar to the desktop found on PCs. Android homescreens are
typically made up of app icons and widgets; app icons launch the associated app,
whereas widgets display live, auto-updating content such as the weather forecast, the
user's email inbox, or a news ticker directly on the homescreen.

A homescreen may be made up of several pages that the user can swipe back and forth
between, though Android's homescreen interface is heavily customizable, allowing the
user to adjust the look and feel of the device to their tastes. Third party apps available
on Google Play and other app stores can extensively re-theme the homescreen, and
even mimic the look of other operating systems, such as Windows Phone. Most
manufacturers, and some wireless carriers, customize the look and feel of their Android
devices to differentiate themselves from the competition.

Memory management:
Since Android devices are usually battery-powered, Android is designed to manage
memory (RAM) to keep power consumption at a minimum, in contrast to desktop
operating systems which generally assume they are connected to unlimited mains
electricity. When an Android app is no longer in use, the system will automatically
suspend it in memory - while the app is still technically "open," suspended apps
consume no resources (e.g. battery power or processing power) and sit idly in the
background until needed again. This has the dual benefit of increasing the general
responsiveness of Android devices, since apps don't need to be closed and reopened
from scratch each time, but also ensuring background apps don't waste power
needlessly.

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Open source community:
Android has an active community of developers and enthusiasts who use the Android
source code to develop and distribute their own modified versions of the operating
system. These community-developed releases often bring new features and updates to
devices faster than through the official manufacturer/carrier channels, albeit without as
extensive testing or quality assurance; provide continued support for older devices that
no longer receive official updates; or bring Android to devices that were officially
released running other operating systems, such as the HP Touchpad. Community
releases often come pre-rooted and contain modifications unsuitable for non-technical
users, such as the ability to over clock or over/under volt the device's processor.
CyanogenMod is the most widely used community firmware, and acts as a foundation
for numerous others.

Task 2:

Provide comprehensive information about two softwares, which are being


used in the field of Business.

Answer:

1) Software Name: Probanx Information system

Companys Name: Internet Bank

Software Feature (working of the software): Software features are as follows

Online banking Solution:


Probanx Online Banking is a banking software solution designed to give you the competitive
advantage required in todays business environment. It enables you to deliver a
comprehensive range of online banking services to your clients.

Financial Institution registration:


To operate a financial institution is easier as you may think. We assist you in registering and
obtaining i.e. a New Zealand financial institutions license.

Hosting and Maintenance:


The modern telecommunications facilities, the Internet network and the secured components
of Web based CorePlus software allows you to consider having the main computers located

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anywhere in the world.
This provides several key advantages to the Bank at a much lower cost than the traditional
architecture with a fully owned system.

Security Features:
In the world of internet banking the security features play a major role to offer your clients a
safe platform for their transactions and deposits. Probanx online banking offers several
inbuilt security features.

Software Name: HSBC Mobile Cash Management App

Companys Name: HSBC

Software Feature (working of the software):


Launched in November, HSBCnet Mobile lets corporate treasurers and senior managers
check account balances and statements, authorise payment instructions and receive alerts
through their iPhones, Androids and Blackberrys.

Clients can authorise priority payments, inter-account transfers and ACH credits/debits as
well as cross-border payments with 'Get Rate' - HSBC's service which allows customers
to view and book foreign exchange rates when making FX payments.

In its first few months, the system has been used to authorise over $500 million in Asia
Pacific alone, and over $1.2 billion globally, averaging $67 million per week.

Diane Reyes, global head, payments and cash management, HSBC, says: "This is another
example of how we're making it easier for treasurers and finance directors to run their
businesses. No other bank has HSBC's mobile reach in the Asia Pacific region, HSBCnet
Mobile makes a real difference to how our customers do their jobs both in Asia and
globally."

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