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Eletta

Flow Monitor

Installation
and
Operations
Manual

Models
R2 and R5

1 52C2E14
Please note that this manual is available as a PDF-file on our website www.
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reports. This gives you the option either to print out the desired publications
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Notice of Proprietary Rights

This manual contains confidentialtechnical data, including trade secrets and proprietary information,
Noticeisof
which theProprietary
property of Rights
Eletta Flow AB, Sweden.
Any changes or alterations to downloaded or printed Eletta original literature such as manuals, drawings
Thisare
etc manual containswithout
not permitted confidential technical
permission data,from
in writing including tradeAB,
Eletta Flow secrets and proprietary information,
Sweden.
which is
These theare
data property of Eletta
disclosed AB,
to you Sweden.
under the permission that you use it with limits within your company
Thesenot
only, data are disclosed
including to youorunder
manufacture the permission
processing uses. that you use it with limits within your company
only,other
Any not including manufacture
use is strictly or without
prohibited processing
prioruses.
written permission from Eletta Flow AB, Sweden.
Any other use is strictly prohibited without prior written permission from Eletta AB, Sweden.

2 52A2E2

2 52C2E14
Customer
Customer Service
Service
Our Customer Service Center is available to answer any of your commercial or
Our Customer
technical questions Service Center
at our normal is office
available to answer
hours, any ofC.E.T.
8.00 to 16.30 your (8 commercial
a.m. to 4:30 or
technical
p.m. Centralquestions
European at our normal
Time). Theoffice hours, 8.00
switchboard to 16.30between
is manned C.E.T. (87.00 a.m.toto19.00
4:30
p.m.
(7 a.m. Central
to 7 p.m. European Time). and
C.E.T.). Before The after
switchboard is manned
normal office hours on between
Monday7.00 to 19.00
to Friday, you
(7 a.m.
can leaveto 7a p.m.
messageC.E.T.). Before
to the personand at after
thenormal office hours
switchboard and you on will
Monday to Friday,later
be contacted you
can
by ourleave a message
Customer to the
Service person
staff. at the switchboard
Questions and inquiriesand will you will be
be dealt contacted
with immediatelylater
by our
over theCustomer
phone orServicethroughstaff.
fax andQuestions
e-mail. and
Theinquiries
above hourswill bearedealt
not with
valid immediately
on National
over the phone
Holidays or otheroroccasions
through fax whenandproduction
e-mail. The above hours are not valid on National
is closed.
Holidays or other occasions when production is closed.
Eletta has an International Network of Authorized Distributors, who are able to give
Eletta
you
Eletta has
both an International
hastechnical
an International Networkofof
and commercial
Network Authorized
assistance
Authorized with our Products.
Distributors,
Distributors, whowho are
Please
are able
able to to give
give
see you
you
bothboth technical
technical and commercial
and commercial assistanceassistance with
with our our Products.
Products. Please Please see
see Eletta.com
Eletta.com
Eletta.com
Even if we have tried to write this manual as carefully and comprehensive as possible
Even
from theif we have tried
beginning, wetounderstand
write this manual
that youascan carefully
run intoand comprehensive
problems which areas notpossible
clearly
Even
from if we
the
described inhave
this tried
beginning, wetounderstand
manual. write
In thethis manual
that you
unlikely ascan
event carefully
of run
such and
into
an comprehensive
problems
incident, which
we areas
kindly not
ask possible
clearly
you to
from
makethe
describedsurebeginning,
in this
that you we trough
manual.
go understand
In the that you
theunlikely
manual canof
event run
carefully, into an
such
before problems
incident,
contactingwhich
we are notask
our kindly clearly
Distributors you
or
described
to make
Eletta Flow inABthis
sure that manual. In the
you go trough
in Sweden. This unlikely
is the
to savemanualevent oftime
suchfor
carefully,
valuable an
before incident,
any contactingwe kindly
of us involved ask
ourinRepresen-
the you
Eletta
to make
tative
Products, sure
as itthat
companies youEletta
or go trough
is sometimes AB
easy inthe manualThis
Sweden.
to overlook carefully, before
is to save
a specificsection contacting
valuable timeour
in the manual. Represen-
forIfany
youof us
after
tative
involved companies
doing this, in still
the not or
areEletta
Eletta AB
Products,
able to in
as Sweden.
solve itthe Thisour
is sometimes
problem iseasy
to save valuable
to overlook
Customer a time
Service staff,for
specific anybelow
of us
section
at the in
involved
the manual. in the Eletta Products, as itstill
is sometimes easysolve
to overlook a specific section in
numbers andIfaddesses,
you after doing
are morethis, not aretoable
than happy helptoyou. the problem our Customer
the manual.
Service staff,Ifatyoutheafter doing
below this, still
numbers andnot are able to
addresses, aresolve
morethe problem
than happy our Customer
to help you.
Service staff, at the below numbers and addresses, are more than happy to help you.
You will also find useful information about our Products and organization on our com-
You will alsohomepage,
prehensive find usefulwhich
information
you can about
find our Products
at the addressand organization on our com-
below.
prehensive homepage, which you can find at the address below.
This is how you can reach us:
This is how you can reach us:
Via Phone: +46 8 603 07 80 (Orders & Inquiries)
Via Phone: +46 8
+46 8 603
603 07
07 70
80 (Switchboard)
(Orders & Inquiries)
+46 8 603 07 70 (Switchboard)
Representatives:
Distributors: please refer to Section 7
See www.eletta.com
Representatives: please refer to Section 7
Via Fax: +46 8 646 10 40
Via Fax: +46 8 646 10 40
Via Mail: Eletta Flow AB
Via Mail: Eletta
P.O.Box 5084
Flow AB
P.O.Box
SE-141 05 5084
HuddingeKurva
Kungens
SE-141 05 Huddinge
SWEDEN
SWEDEN
Via e-mail: info@eletta.com
Via e-mail: info@eletta.com
Website: www.eletta.com
Website: www.eletta.com
Eletta has appointed distributors around the world. You find more information about
Eletta has
which appointed
distributor distributors
to contact on ouraround thewww.eletta.com
website world. You find or
more information
contact about
our customer
which
service.distributor to contact on our website www.eletta.com or contact our customer
service.

52A2E2 5
52A2E2 5
3 52C2E14
Contents
1 General Information........................................................................... 5
1.1 Description................................................................................ 5
1.2 Specifications........................................................................... 7

2 Installation......................................................................................... 11
2.1 Unpacking............................................................................... 11
2.2 Procedures before Installation................................................ 11
2.3 Installation of the Pipe Section .............................................. 12
2.4 Separate mounting of the Pipe Section and Control Unit...... 13
2.5 Installation and changing the Control Unit............................. 15
2.6 Pressure Drop......................................................................... 17
2.7 Electrical Installation............................................................... 18

3 Operation.......................................................................................... 20
3.1 Principle of operation, DP-Flow Measurement....................... 20
3.2 Change of Flow Range.......................................................... 21
3.3 Change of Flow Direction....................................................... 22
3.3.1 Flow Direction Selector (from January 2013).......................... 23
3.3.2 Flow Direction Selector (until December 2012)...................... 23

4 Trouble shooting............................................................................... 24
4.1 Verification of Flow.................................................................. 24
4.2 Electrical connections............................................................. 26
4.3 HART Communication.......................................................... 27
4.4 Programming of the R-series with Hart protocol.................. 28
4.5 Connection of transmitters in a multidrop mode.................... 29
4.6 Spares..................................................................................... 30

5 Distributors....................................................................................... 30

6 Tables ................................................................................................ 31
6.1 Measuring Ranges.................................................................. 31
6.2 Weight and Dimensions.......................................................... 32

7 Spare Parts....................................................................................... 33
7.1 Exploded Drawing R-GL/FA................................................... 33
7.2 Exploded Drawing R-GSS/FSS.............................................. 35

4 52C2E14
1 1
General Information
Chapter 1. General Information
1.1 Description
1.1 The Description
Eletta Flow Monitor is used to control and measure flow of liquids and
gases in pipes from size 15 mm to 500 mm (larger pipes as an option). They
The
have Eletta Flow Monitor
been manufactured for is used
over to control
65 years and areand
well measure
known for flow of liquids and
its reliabili-
gases
ty. Theyinarepipes
used from
wheresize 15 mmsafety
operational to 500 mm (larger
demands, sizes
efficient as an option).
supervision and The
monitors have been
rugged installation manufactured
is needed, forworld.
all over the over 65 years
Eletta and
Flow ABare well known
in Sweden is for its
reliability. They aretoused
certified according where
ISO9001 andoperational
ISO14001. safety demands, efficient supervi-
sion and rugged installation is needed, all over the world. Eletta Flow AB in
The Eletta Flow Monitor is based on the proven and dependable differential
Sweden is certified according to ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.
pressure principle, using interchangeable orifice plates for different measu-
ring ranges. The Flow Monitors are working with two different differential
The Eletta
pressure Flowi.e.Monitor
ranges, 50 200ismbar
based for on
the the proven
V1 and andmbar
22 550 dependable
for the V15,differential
pressure principle, using interchangeable orifice plates for
depending on the desired and ordered flow range. The same goes for our mo-different measuring
ranges. TheD5,
dels; D2 and Flow Monitors
S2 and S25 andare
R2 working
and R5. Duewithtotwo differentprinciple
the working differential
of pres-
sure
the instrument, it is of utmost importance that the installation instructions the R5,
ranges, i.e. 50 - 200 mbar for the R2 and 22 - 550 mbar for
depending onfollowed
(chapter 2) are the desired and in
carefully ordered
order toflow
get range.
the properThe same of
function goes
the for our
models; V1
instrument. and V15, S2 and S25 and D2 and D5. Due to the working prin-
ciple of the instrument, it is of utmost importance that the installation instruc-
The Eletta
tions Flow 2.3)
(chapter Monitor
are models
followed V1carefully
and V15 will give you
in order a repeatable
to get switch
the proper function of
point of < 2% if installed in the right way. (See chapter 1.2 Specifications,
the instrument. The Eletta Flow Monitor models R2 and R5 will give you an
for complete information.)
accuracy of <+/-3% F.S. (Full Scale) if installed in the right way. (See chapter
1.2
The Specifications,
Instrument consists forofcomplete
two partsinformation.)
mainly i.e. the Pipe Section and the
Control Unit. The Pipe Section is the part that is to be mounted in the process
The Instrument
pipe and consists
the Control Unit is of two parts
mounted mainly
directly i.e. the
(standard) Pipe Section
or remote on/to the and the
Control Unit. The Pipe Section is the part that is to be mounted
Pipe Section. The Control Unit contains the micro switch (SPDT) and in the
the process
pipe
electrical connection terminal block. It also contains the mechanical adjustingon/to the
and the Control Unit is mounted directly (standard) or remote
Pipe Section.
dial where The Control
you change Unitofcontains
the setting the electrical
the flow alarm circuit board which is
tripping point.
giving
The Pipe Sections are available in different process connections- with
you flow information through the dual outputs, 4 20 mA and/or 200
the fol-
-lowing
1000Hz. The
standards; Pipe Sections are available with different process connections
in the following standards;
Threaded connections in BSP or NPT from 15 mm (1/2) to 40 mm (1 1/2)
depending on
Threaded
Threaded the chosen material
connections
connections in in
BSPBSPofor
construction.
orNPT
NPTfromfrom15 15mmmm()() to
to 40
40 mmmm (1(1 )
)
depending
depending on the
on the
Flanged (wafer) chosen
chosen from
connection material
material
DN15 of construction.
of /PN16
construction.
(ANSI 1/2/150 lbs) to DN
500/PN16 (ANSI 20/150lbs ) depending on the chosen material of construc-
Flanged
tion. The (wafer)
Flanged (wafer) connection
connection
DIN-standard flangedfrom DN15
from
units DN15
are /PN16 (ANSI
/PN16
colored 1/2/150
blue,(ANSI
the lbs) to
1/2/150
ANSI-standard DNto500/
lbs) DN
PN16
500/PN16(ANSI 20/150lbs
units are colored
(ANSIgreen )
(>50 mm
20/150lbs depending on
< 200 mm)on
) depending the
forthechosen
easychosen material
recognition of
in the
material construction.
of field.
construction.
The
The DIN-standard
DIN-standard flanged units are
flangedunits are colored
colored blue,
blue, the
the ANSI-standard
ANSI-standard units
units are
are 1
colored green (>50 mm < 100 mm) for easy recognition in the field.
colored green (>50 mm < 100 mm) for easy recognition in the field.
The Control Units V1 and V15 are equipped with one, freely adjustable over
6 40A2E6
the whole
The ordered
Control Unitsflow
R2 range,
and R5 micro
haveswitch, which
no local can be but
readout set for low/high
gives you the flow
flow alarm. through one analog current 4 - 20 mA/1000 ohm output and/or a
information
frequency 200-1000 Hz 0-10 VDC or open collector 24 VDC max.
1.2 Specifications
8 The only difference between the V1 and V15 is the turn down of the flow 52A2E2
52A2E2

5
6 range i.e. the V1 has a 1:2 turn down (for example; 50 100 l/min) and the52C2E14
40B2E12
1
The mechanical movement on the diaphragm lever created by the differential
pressure in the pipe is acting on the rubber diaphragm in the same way as
our other mechanical Flow Monitors. The diaphragm lever connected to the
diaphragm is acting on a linear potentiometer placed on the circuit board in
the Control Unit. As our Monitors have a linear function between the differen-
tial pressure and the flow, the circuit board will give you a linear flow output,
described above. The difference to our mechanical series, V- and S- , is that
in the R-model there is no mechanical linkage acting on micro switches, as
the unit lacks them, only the potentiometer giving information to the circuit
board. Since there are fewer moving parts and less mechanical linkage in the
Control Unit, the R-series will give you a higher accuracy than V- and S-series.
Product label
Each Product
1.2
Product
of label
our flow label wear a product label, see picture below with description.
Specifications
monitors

Product
Each
Each of
(mm)
our of
flow label
ourmonitors
flow monitors
wear a wear a product
product label,
label, see see picture
picture below
below with with description.
description.
The only difference between the R2 and R5 is the turn down of the flow range
Each of our flow monitors wear a product label, see picture below with description.
(mm) i.e. the R2 has a 1:2 turn down (for example; 50 -100 l/min) and the R5 has a
turn down of 1:5 (for example; 40 - 200 l/min).

Accuracy: <+/- 3 % F.S (full scale)

The accuracy stated is achievable if the installation ins-


truction given in this manual is followed. It is recommen-
ded that you always chose the Flow Range of the Flow
Monitor so that the normal process flow is in the middle
of the Monitor Flow Range. For example: If you have a
flow of 110 l/min maximum and the normal Flow is at
90 l/min, chose the Eletta Flow Monitor R2 with a Flow
Type: Model type of theRange flow monitor.
of 60 -For 120example
l/min. V15-GL15.
This will give Reference
you theto highest
section
1.2 Specifications
Type: Model type for accuracy
a thorough
of the since Foryour
description
flow monitor. offlow
example is in types.
available the middle
V15-GL15. of thetoMonitor
Reference section
Temp: The maximum Flow
operation Range and
temperature also give
allowed
1.2 Specifications for a thorough description of available types. you
for a
thelower
controlpressure
unit. loss. to
Reference
section
Type: Model type of the flow
1.2 Specifications for amonitor.
thorough For exampleof
description V15-GL15.types.Reference to
Temp: The maximum operation temperature allowed foravailable
the control unit. Reference to
section
Range: 1.2
Type: Model Specifications
Repeatability: typerange
of the < 2for
forflow% a thorough
on actual description
value of available types.
section TheSpecifications
1.2 flow for amonitor.
which the flow
thorough For example
monitor
description haveV15-GL15.
of Reference
been manufactured.
available types. to
section
Max 1.2
Pressure:Specifications
The maximum for a thorough
operation description
pressure allowedof available
for the types.
flow monitor.
Range:
Temp: The maximum
The
Pressure: flow rangeoperation
for
16 which
bar (232 the flow
PSI),monitor
temperature havefor
allowed
higher test been
the manufactured.
pressure control unit.
on request.
Liquid: The media which the flow monitor have been designated thefor. Examples: Water,
oil Reference
Max
Temp: to
Pressure: section
The 1.2
maximum Specifications
operation for a thorough
pressure allowed
The maximum operation temperature allowed for the control unit. description
for of
flow available
monitor.types.
etc.
Temperature:
Liquid:
Reference
The media whichControl
to section
the flow Unit
1.2 Specifications
monitor have been designated for. Examples: Water,
for a thorough description ofofavailable types.
Protection
oil etc. Theclass:
Range: flowIP -classification
range for
0Cwhich
to 65C (International
the flow
(-4Fmonitor protection
to 150) have beenrating), the control
manufactured. unit.
Model: Theclass:
article number of theprocess
Higher flow monitor.
temperature possible withofremote installa-
Protection
Range: The flowIP -classification
range for which (International
the flow monitor protection
have rating),
been the control
manufactured. unit.
Model:
MaxPipe
Std: Pressure:
standardThe maximum
for tion
which of
the operation
Control
flow
The article number of the flow monitor. pressure
Unit
monitor (separate
is allowed for
mounting,
designated. For the flow
see monitor.
section
example: DIN 2.4).
PN16,
Dimensions
MaxPipe
Std: Pressure:according
standardThefor to DINthe
maximum
which and pressure
operation
flow classification
pressure
monitor allowedaccording
is designated. for
Forthe to PN16.
flow
example: monitor.
DIN PN16,
No: Liquid: The media which the flow monitor have been designated for.
Dimensions according to DIN and pressure classification according to PN16.own
Serial number of the flow monitor. Each of our flow monitor have their
Examples:
unique
Liquid: idTheWater,
mediaoil etc.isthe
which flow
formonitor
No: Serial number,
number which
of the flow usedmonitor. Eachhave
traceability.
of ourbeen
flowdesignated
monitor havefor. their own
Examples:
Year
6uniqueof Water,
manufacturing.
id number, oil etc.
class: IPwhich is used for traceability.protection rating), of the control 52C2E14
52A2E2
Protection -classification (International unit. 9
Dimensions according to DIN and pressure classification according to PN16.
Liquid:
No: The
Serial mediaofwhich
number the flowthe flow monitor
monitor. Eachhave
of ourbeen
flowdesignated
monitor havefor. their own
Examples: Water, oil etc.
unique id number, which is used for traceability. 1
Year of manufacturing.
Protection class: IP -classification (International protection rating), of the control unit.
The mechanical movement on the diaphragm lever created by the differential
pressure
Model: Theinarticle
the pipe is acting
number of the on
flowthe rubber diaphragm in the same way as
monitor.
The mechanical
our other movement
mechanical on the diaphragm
Flow Monitors. lever created
The diaphragm by the differential
lever connected to the
pressure
diaphragm
Std: in the pipe
is acting
Pipe standard is acting
on a linear
for which on
the flow the rubber
potentiometer diaphragm
placed on
monitor is designated. in the
Forthe sameboard
circuit
example: way as
DIN in
our
PN16, other
the Control mechanical
Unit. according
Dimensions As our Flow toMonitors.
Monitors have
DIN and The diaphragm
a linear
pressure functionlever connected
between
classification according to the
thetodifferen-
PN16.
diaphragm
tial pressureisand acting
the on
flow, a linear potentiometer
the circuit board willplaced
give you onathe circuit
linear flowboard
output, in
the Control
described
No: Unit. As
above.ofThe
Serial number our Monitors
the difference
flow monitor. have
to our a linear
Eachmechanical function between
of our flow series,
monitorV-have the
andtheir differen-
S- , own
is that
tial pressure
in the
unique idR-model
number,andthere
the flow,
which isisno the
used circuit
mechanical
for board will acting
linkage
traceability. give you onamicro
linear switches,
flow output, as
described
the unit lacks above.
them,Theonlydifference to our mechanical
the potentiometer giving series, V- and
information to S-the, is that
circuit
in the
board.
Year R-model
Since therethere
of manufacturing. areisfewer
no mechanical
moving parts linkage acting
and less on micro linkage
mechanical switches, as
in the
the unit lacks them, only the potentiometer giving information
Control Unit, the R-series will give you a higher accuracy than V- and S-series. to the circuit
board. Since there are fewer moving parts and less mechanical linkage in the
Control Unit, the R-series will give you a higher accuracy than V- and S-series.
1.2 Specifications
7 40B2E12
1.2 TheSpecifications
only difference between the R2 and R5 is the turn down of the flow range
i.e. the R2 has a 1:2 turn down (for example; 50 -100 l/min) and the R5 has a
The
turn only
downdifference between
of 1:5 (for the40
example; R2- and
200 R5 is the turn down of the flow range
l/min).
i.e. the R2 has a 1:2 turn down (for example; 50 -100 l/min) and the R5 has a
turn down of 1:5 (for<+/-
Accuracy: example; 40 (full
3 % F.S - 200 l/min).
scale)

Accuracy: <+/- 3 % F.S (full


The accuracy scale)
stated is achievable if the installation ins-
truction given in this manual is followed. It is recommen-
The
ded accuracy stated chose
that you always is achievable
the Flow if the
Rangeinstallation ins-
of the Flow
truction given in this manual is followed. It
Monitor so that the normal process flow is in the middle is recommen-
ded
of thethat you always
Monitor chose the
Flow Range. ForFlow Range
example: If of
youthe Flow
have a
Monitor so that the normal process flow
flow of 110 l/min maximum and the normal Flow is at is in the middle
of
90 the Monitor
l/min, choseFlow Range.Flow
the Eletta For Monitor
example: R2If with
you have
a Flow a
flow of 110 l/min maximum and the normal
Range of 60 - 120 l/min. This will give you the highest Flow is at
90 l/min, chose
accuracy since yourthe Eletta
flow isFlow
in theMonitor
middleR2 of with a Flow
the Monitor
Range of 60 - 120 l/min. This will give
Flow Range and also give you a lower pressure loss. you the highest
accuracy since your flow is in the middle of the Monitor
Repeatability: Flow
< 2 %Range and value
on actual also give you a lower pressure loss.

Repeatability:
Pressure: <
16 2bar
Max: %16on actual
(232
bar (232value
PSI), higherhigher
PSI), test pressure on request.
test pressure as an option.
Min: A line pressure of appr. 0,7 - 1,0 bar is required for
Pressure:
Temperature: 16 bar (232
Control
proper UnitPSI), higher test pressure on request.
operation.
0C to 65C (-4F to 150)
Temperature: Control Unit temperature possible with remote installa-
Higher process
0C
tion of Control(-4F
to 65C to 150) mounting, see section 2.4).
Unit (separate
Higher process temperature possible with remote installa-
tion of Control Unit (separate mounting, see section 2.4).

7
52A2E2
52C2E14
9
1
Pipe Section: The FA- Pipe Sections are equipped with spacers
(holding the orifice plate) made of Polyamide plastic
(PA) and they can handle liquid/gas temperature up to
120C (248F). For higher process temperature, we
recommend to use the stainless steel Pipe Section,
which has no spacers.

Process
connection: DN15 - 40 (1/2 - 1 1/2) for GL-models
DN15 - 25 (1/2 - 1) for GSS -models
DN15 - 400 (1/2 - 16) for FA-models
DN15 - 500 (1/2 - 20) for FSS-models

Control Unit: IP65 (NEMA 4), standard


Aluminum alloy, alodine and epoxy polyester coated
Cable gland of plastic included

Power supply: 24 VDC +/- 10%

Output signals: Isolated Analog current 4 - 20 mA, 1000 ohm max


(including cables), zero- based as a standard
calibration (non-zero based optional).
See chapter 2.7 for explanation. Isolated Frequency
200-1000 Hz. Amplitude 0-10 VDC or open collector
max. 24 VDC (jumper position described in chapter
2.7). Zero-based as a standard calibration (non-zero
based optional). See chapter 2.7 for explanation. The
two output signals can be used together or individually
at your choice. Connections at the terminal block:
1-2 Power supply 24 VDC +/- 10%
3-4 Analog output
5-6 Frequency output
2,4,6 GND (zero) galvanic separated from power
ground

Recommended
cable: Shielded twisted pair, min. 0,2 mm (0,0031 inch)

Current
consumption: Max. 50 mA

8 52C2E14
10 52A2E2
1
Material;
Material; Diaphragm housing and pipe section:
Pipe Section
and Diaphragm
Type GL: De-zincificated brass, CW602N, EN12420
Housing:
Type GSS: Seaworthy stainless
Type GL; steel 1.4527
SM 2862 (B.S CZ132) de-zincificated -
Type FA: Housing: De-zincificated brass,alloy.
copper CW602N, EN12420
Pipe section:
Type<DN50
GSS; (ANSI 2) Bronze
seaworthy CC491Ksteel
stainless / EN1982
SS 2564
>DN50 (ANSI (3162)SS),
Painted cast iron, GG25 / DIN1691
Type FSS: Housing: TypeSeaworthy
FA; stainless
DN40steel
(ANSI1.4527 / EN10283
2); bronze
Pipe section: Stainless steelDN50
1.4435 (ANSI 2); cast iron, epoxy
polyester coated.
Type FSS; stainless steel SS 2343 (SS316)

Material
diaphragm: Textile reinforced Hydrated Nitrile rubber (HNBR),
standard except stainless steel.
Textile reinforced EPDM rubber, optional all models
Textile reinforced Fluorinated rubber, FPM, standard in
stainless steel models, optional for all others.

Material, O-rings
and sealings: Follows the Diaphragm materials

Spacer:
(FA and GL) The spacer holds the orifice plate inside the pipe
section and are made of Polyamide plastic (PA) as
a standard. Max.liquid/gas temperature is 120C
(248F)

Intrinsically
Safe (Ex i): The R-series Flow Monitors are not approved for Ex-
hazardous areas.

Explosion Proof: The R-series Flow Monitors are not approved for Ex-
hazardous areas.

CE-approvals: The Eletta Flow Monitors conforms with the EU


directive for low voltage no: 72/23/EEC ( EN 60
204-1, Part 1.) We refer to the certificates issued,
which will be sent to you upon request. They can also
be found on www.eletta.com.

9
52A2E2 52C2E14 11
Safe (Ex i): The R-series Flow Monitors are not approved for Ex-
hazardous areas.
1Explosion Proof: The R-series Flow Monitors are not approved for Ex-
hazardous areas.

CE-approvals: The Eletta


The ElettaFlow
FlowMonitors
Monitorsconforms
conforms with
with thethe
EUEUdirective
for low voltage no: 72/23/EEC ( EN 60 204-1,60
directive for low voltage no: 72/23/EEC ( EN Part 1.)
204-1,
We referPart 1.) We
to the refer to issued,
certificates the certificates
which willissued,
be sent to
which
you will request.
upon be sent to
Theyyoucan
upon request.
also be foundTheyoncan also
be found on
www.eletta.com. www.eletta.com.

PED-
Directive: Complies with applicable parts in Pressure Equipment Directive
52A2E2 97/23/EC. Conformity assessment has been performed according
11
to module A. Internal production control combined with
module A1. Internal manufacturing checks with monitoring
of the final assessment, for category 2. Performed by Inspecta
AB, Notified body No. 0409. PED Declaration of conformity
will be sent to you upon request and are also available on
www.eletta.com.

10 52C2E14
2 2
Chapter 2. Installation
Installation
2.1 Unpacking
2.1 Unpacking
2.1We appreciate
Unpackingthat you have decided to purchase our Products and we would
Weto
like appreciate
ask you that you have
to begin decided to purchase
the installation by checkingour Products and weagainst
your delivery would thelike to
Packing List. Please make sure to check the box for external damages beforeList.
ask
Weyou to begin that
appreciate the installation
you have decidedby checking your delivery
to purchase against the
our Product andPacking
we would
Please
like tomake
ask yousureto to begin
check the the box for external
installation damages your
by checking beforedelivery
opening. If you the
against find
opening. If you find external damages, which have also led to damages to the
external
Packingdamages, which
List. Please makehavesurealso to
ledcheck
to damages to the Flow
the delivery Monitor
box for inside,
external you
dama-
Flow Monitor inside, you should contact the forwarder/shipper to claim repla-
should contactopening.
ges before the forwarder/shipper to claim damages,
If you find external replacementwhich (or thehave
cost of
alsoreplace-
led to
cement
ment).
damages (or the
Check to thecost
the of replacement).
Monitors
Flow inside,Check
identification
Monitor the Monitors
tag should
you against contact
identification
your purchase
tag
order to make
the forwarder/ship-
against
sure
per you your purchase
have got
to claim order to
the right articles
replacement make
(or thewith sure you
costtheofright have got the
specifications.
replacement). right articles
Check the Monitorswith
theidentification
right specifications.
tag against your purchase order to make sure you have got the
All
AllrightMonitors
articlesare
Monitors are
withindividually packed
packed in
the right specifications.
individually in plastic
plasticbags
bagsandandputputinto
intothe
thebox
box either
eith-two
er two by two or individually in each box. The plastic bag is to prevent foreign to
by two or individually in each box. The plastic bag is to prevent foreign particles
get
All inside
particles tothe
Monitors Pipe
getare
inside Section,
individually
the Pipe which
packedcould
Section, prevent
inwhich
plastic proper
bags
could function
and
prevent put of the
into
proper the Flow Moni-
box either
function of
tor
two after
by the
two installation.
or individually
the Flow Monitor after the installation. in each box. The plastic bag is to prevent foreign
particles to get inside the Pipe Section, which could prevent proper function
The
Theof boxboxFlow
the isismade
made out of
Monitor
out ofafter
recycled environmental friendly
the installation.
recycled environmental friendlymaterial
materialand andwewekind-ly
kind-
lyask
askyouyoutoto deal
dealwith thethe
with waste
wastematerial
materialin a in
way that that
a way will have as little
will have as impact
little im-to the
environment
Thetobox
pact the is as possible.
made out of recycled
environmental as possible. environmental friendly material and we kindly
ask you to deal with the waste material in a way that will have as little impact
2.2 Procedures
2.2 Procedures
to the environment before
before Installation
as possible.
Installation
Note! Installation and maintenance of Ex versions should be executed according to
2.2Note!!!
Ex Procedures
applicable before
Before any installation
national laws Installation
or maintenance work, disconnect all electri-
and regulations. Within EU, directive 1999/92 EC should
cal power!
be considered. EU members within CENELEC should consider the requirements
Note!!!
within Before
national any installation or maintenance work, disconnect all
Please check thatstandards,
you are goingbasedto onmount
EN-60079-14
the Monitor and EN60079-17.
at the lowest point in the
electrical power!
piping system if you are measuring liquids and at the highest point if you are
Note!!!
measuring Before
gases. any installation
Also or
check ifgoingthemaintenance
planned flowwork, disconnect all electrical power!
Pleasecheck
Please check thatthat
youyouare are
going to mount to mount thedirection
the Monitor Monitor
at the in
in thethesytem
lowest lowest match-
point inpoint
the in
esthe
the piping
one indicated
system onyou
the are
Monitor. There is a redand flowatdirection arrow on the
piping system if youifare measuringmeasuring
liquids liquids
and at the highest thepointhighestif youpoint
are ifmea-
you
outside of the
are measuring pipe section
gases. (not the Stainless Steel-models which have
in themark-
a
suring gases. Also check Also
if thecheck
planned if the
flowplanned
directionflow in the direction
sytem match-es system
the one
ing engraved
matches theon onetheindicated
side). If you findMonitor.
onisthe this to mismatch,
There isarrow aweredreferflow to section arrow
3.3
indicated on the Monitor. There a red flow direction on thedirection
outside of the
on the
Change
pipe outside
of
section Flow of Stainless
(not the the Pipe Steel-models
Direction, Section (notwhich
to adjust the the Stainless
internal flow
have a marking Steel engraved
director models which
in order ontothe
have Ifa you
match
side). themarking
desired engraved
find this flow on thewe
direction.
to mismatch, side).
referIftoyou
Change of find 3.3
sectionthe thisChange
flow to mismatch,
direction
of Flow onweDirec-
ourrefer
to section
Stainless
tion, Steel
to adjust3.3Pipe
Change
the internal offlow
Sections Flow Direction,
(FSS/GSS)
director to to
not
inisorder adjust
possible
match the ininternal
the the field
desired flow selector
without
flow direction.
in orderof
Change
ordering a to
newmatch
the flow the desired
Pipedirection
Section on flow
andour direction.
weStainless
kindly ask Change
Steel youPipe of flow (FSS/GSS)
toSections
contact direction
your localonre-
isour
not
Stainless
possible
presentativein Steel
the Pipe
field
or Eletta Sections
without
Flow (FSS/GSS)
ordering
AB, Sweden a newforPipeis not
help.Sectionpossible
and we in kindly
the field askwithout
you to
ordering
contact a new Pipe
your Section or and we Flow
kindly askSweden you to contact your local
Check that thelocal
piperepresentative
section has the Eletta
right threadsAB, or the right for flangehelp.standard to
representative or Eletta Flow AB, Sweden for help.
match your piping or counter flange. If you are using the separate/remote
Check thati.e.
execution thePipe
pipeSection
section hasandthe right threads
Control or the right
Unit installed flange standard
in different to match
locations,
Check
your thatorthe
piping Pipe Section
counter flange. Ifhasyouthe areright
usingthreads or the
the separate/remote right flange
execution standard
i.e.
to match
Pipe Section yourandpiping
Control and counter
Unit installed flange.
in different locations,
12 10 40A2E6
52A2E2

15
11 40B2E12
52C2E14
2
If you are using the separate/remote execution i.e. Pipe Section and Control
Unit installed in different locations, please check the plastic hoses supplied
with the Monitor for any damages or holes that can prevent proper function.
The plastic hoses should not be used in temperatures over 90C/16 bar
(194F/232 PSI). If your application temperature exceeds this temperature/
pressure, we recommend to use copper or stainless steel tubing, depending
on the compatibility to the measured gas or liquid (see section 2.4).

2.3 Installation of the Pipe Section


Note!!! Before starting to install the Pipe Section, please make sure
that the piping is not under pressure from flow of liquid/gas!

The Pipe Section can be installed in any desired direction, vertical, angled or
horizontal and the direction arrow on the Pipe Section denote the direction of
the flow. It is very important that the Pipe Section is mounted with the correct
direction, as the function of the Flow Monitor otherwise will be prevented. The
piping shall be rigid and free from vibrations and hoses connected directly into
the Monitor should be avoided as much as possible. If you have weak piping
we advise you to use the M6 mounting holes (only on GL-series) on the back-
side of the Pipe Section, to fasten the Pipe Section to a wall or a rigid bracket.
The straight runs before and after the Monitor should not be to short, in order
to avoid disturbances, which can cause the Monitor to show incorrect values.
We recommend giving at least 10 -15 diameters upstream and 5 diameters
downstream. Please see Fig.1.

Fig.1 Installation of Pipe Section

The reason for this procedure is to achieve a stable flow profile inside the
pipe and by doing so, get a true reading. Please be aware of the fact that it
is practically impossible to theoretically predict when the flow is stable after
disturbances in the piping, so this must serve as a guideline only. The Monitor
can give you a reading which is off from the calibration, if the straight runs are
not within specifications.

52A2E2 13
12 52C2E14
2
The straight runs must be free from valves, bends or in/decreasing diameters.
Any of such disturbances must be placed before and after you start coun-
ting the straight runs.

If you are installing the threaded versions, GL and GSS-versions, please


make sure that you are not using tube fittings. We have often seen
them to have a much smaller inside diameter than the Pipe Section, even
though the size of the thread is alright. This can create a jet stream of
the fluid or gas through the orifice plate, which will cause the differential
pressure to be to low and you will not get a good or accurate reading.

The following inside diameters apply for the threaded Pipe Sections:
GL-and GSS-15 = 16 mm
GL-and GSS-20 = 21 mm
GL-and GSS-25 = 26 mm
GL-and GSS-40 = 41 mm

Make sure that the Control unit, if mounted directly on the Pipe Section, is
placed on top of the Pipe Section and not under to prevent particles in the
fluid to collect in the diaphragm housing. Please use a filter in the pipeline if
you suspect the fluid to contain particles.

The flanged models, FA- and FSS-versions, must be properly aligned with the
counter flange and not placed under stress by tighten the bolts uneven. The
flanged models come with a gasket and we recommend using this, as it is
dimensioned to suit the installation. Please see to that the gasket is properly
aligned with the inner diameter and not disturbing the flow. It is also of utmost
importance that the connecting pipe and flange is of the same diameter
(inside) and standard as the Pipe Section. A mismatch can cause an erratic
or incorrect reading of the flow. If needed, please support the Flow Monitors
with rigid brackets. There is no problem in attaching them directly to the Flow
Monitor, but we recommend mounting them in the pipeline downstream and
upstream to avoid unnecessary stress in the installation area.

2.4 Separate mounting of the Pipe Section and the Control Unit
Sometimes separate mounting of the Pipe Section and the Control unit is
requested due to vibrations, high temperature or lack of space. As the Eletta
Flow Monitor is using the differential pressure caused by the orifice plate
mounted in the pipeline and directs these two pressures via two

14 52A2E2

13 52C2E14
2
individual ports up to the Control unit, it is also possible to separate the
Monitor into two parts. The pressure is then lead through either plastic
hoses or metallic tubing depending on the liquid, pressure and tempe-
rature. As a standard, we supply 2x1,75 meter (5.74 feet) of PA plastic,
6 mm (0,23 inch) hoses capable of handling 90C (194 F) and 16 bar
(232 PSI), together with two specially made adapters to be mounted on the
Pipe Section and Control Unit respectively. If your application requires metal-
lic tubing (copper or stainless steel) it has to be provided locally. If you are
measuring a chemical, check with the supplier which material you should use
in your tubing. Please make sure to use 6 mm tubing in order to suit the tube
fittings included in the delivery. There is no actual limitation in the length of the
hoses or tubing, but we recommend to place the units as close as possible
to each other, as this will help in trouble shooting and on-site calibration. If
you mount valves (not included in delivery) in the pressure hoses/tubing, it
will help you to easily shut them off and remove/exchange the Control Unit
at full process pressure. The Mounting of three-way/five-way standard valve
(not included in delivery) will allow you to discharge any entrapped air/gas or
condense and also provide the possibility to even out the pressure between
the plus and minus leg.

Please follow the Installation of the Pipe Section after you have mounted
the adapter to the Pipe Section. As you will use hoses/tubing to lead the
pressure up to the Control Unit, it is possible to mount the Pipe Section in
any direction, vertically or horizontally and with the pressure ports pointing up,
down or to the side (pls. refer to section 2.3).

Fig.2 Separate mounting of Pipe Section GL/FA

45

52A2E2 15
14 52C2E14
2

Fig.3 Separate mounting of Pipe Section GSS/FSS

Find a suitable place for the Control Unit to be mounted. Use the supplied
bracket to mount it to a wall, pipe or another steady and rigid support. Please
plan this with respect to later mounted piping or other obstacles.

Install the hoses/tubing, commencing with the Pipe Section. Check that you
have enough length to cover the distance between the Pipe Section and
Control Unit. The Pipe Section adapter has a (+) and (-) marking engraved
and the adapter on the Control unit also. Please make sure to match (+) to (+)
and (-) to (-) on the adapters. Press the hose/tube end into the coupling and
tighten with care. Proceed to the Control Unit and repeat the above.

When you fill up the system for the first time with liquid, please make sure that
all entrapped air in the piping between the Pipe Section and Control Unit is
removed. The air can otherwise, as it is a compressible media, cause faulty
Flow readings.

2.5 Installation and changing of the Control Unit


As all Eletta Flow Monitors are designed in sections to achieve a modular and
versatile instrument, there is a possibility to upgrade/rebuild them and adding
other features to your already installed Monitor, by changing the Control Unit
or Pipe Section. If you, for example, would like to upgrade a V-series (V1,
V15), without local indication and one micro switch, to an R-series (R2, R5)
including an analog or/and frequency output or the other way around, this is
easily done. You simply order a Control Unit with the flow range you need, to
get the right calibrations for the outputs.

16 15 52C2E14
52A2E2
2
You will get the Control Unit with the diaphragm housing included. Make
sure you order the right material in the diaphragm housing and the soft
rubber parts (diaphragm, o-rings and lever) and you will get the Control Unit
already tested and calibrated and ready to fit onto the Pipe Section, without
any on-site adjustments or re-calibration. All Eletta DP Flow Monitors work
with the same differential pressure within their specific range (pls. see sec-
tion 1.1).

If you have a Pipe Section designated; -GL or -GSS (-FSS), start with
making sure that there is no pressure in the system, as these Pipe
Sections do not have any shut-off valves for isolating them from process
pressure. Turn the electric power supply off and then disconnect the
cables from the terminal block. If you have a Pipe Section designated; FA
you will find the included shut-off valves under the brass elbow, which con-
nects the Control Unit to the Pipe Section. Turn them counter-wise until
you feel the end position and this shuts off the pressure up to the Control
Unit and you can easily remove this. If you have a Pipe Section designated;
-FSS, there is an option to buy this with a shut-off manifold, but it will not
come as a standard.

On the GL Pipe Section; loosen the four (4) hexagon screws that holds
the diaphragm housing (do not remove the blue housing at any time) to the
Pipe Section, and replace the four O-rings in the flow direction selector to
the right material if necessary. Install the new Control Unit and tighten the
four (4) hexagon screws firmly again.
On the GSS Pipe Section; loosen the two (2) hexagon screws that holds
the diaphragm housing and replace the O-rings to the right material, if
necessary. Install the new Control Unit and tighten the two (2) screws firmly
again.
On the FA Pipe Section: shut off the two (2) included valves as per above
and then untighten the four (4) screws which hold the diaphragm housing.
Remove the housing and replace the O-rings to the right material, if neces-
sary. Install the new Control Unit and tighten the four (4) screws firmly again.
Do not forget to open the two (2) shut-off valves again, in order to get a
proper function!
On the FSS Pipe Section: If you have a Monitor that has a shut-off mani-
fold, you can close the two (2) valves to get the diaphragm housing non-
pressurized. Otherwise, start with checking that there is no pressure in the
pipe system and up to the diaphragm housing. Loosen the two screws that
hold the diaphragm housing and replace the O-rings to the right material, if
necessary. Install the new Control Unit and tighten the two (2) screws firmly
again.
If shut-off manifold is installed; do not forget to open up the two (2) shut-off
valves again, in order to get a proper function of the Flow Monitor.

Connect the electrical cables according to your new Control Units possi-
bilities and for detailed information regarding wiring, please see section 2.7
Electrical installation.
52A2E2 17
16 52C2E14
2
2.6 Pressure Drop

The Eletta Flow Monitor is a differential pressure measuring device and there-
fore it creates a certain pressure drop when in function. There are two different
types of Pressure Drops involved, actual pressure drop and permanent
pressure drop. Below we will explain the difference between these two:
When the orifice plate mounted in the Eletta Flow Monitor reduces the flow
area inside the pipe system, a pressure drop over the orifice is created. This
is what we call actual pressure drop. Please refer to chapter 1.1 Description
for actual pressure drop description (differential pressure). The calculation of
the flow is using this pressure drop to calculate the actual flow value (see cal-
culation below). This actual pressure drop is a temporary pressure state and
the Eletta Flow Monitors are working within this differential pressure created,
within the Flow range of the Monitor. When the flow has passed the Monitor,
the pressure is then trying to get back to its original pressure and normally
after 10 15 times the inner diameter of the pipe, the flow becomes linear
and fully developed. This is a normalized flow but due to pressure losses
over our Flow Monitor, the pressure will not be able to reclaim all the energy
(pressure). This is what we call permanent pressure loss. The permanent
pressure drop can be calculated approximately by p (1-), where the
symbols represent:
p = differential pressure at messured flow and = d/D ratio (ratio between
bore and inner diameter of the pipe)
This means that for the normal range (0.2 0.7) a typical permanent pres-
sure loss ranges from 0.96 p and 0.51 p can be expected.
Example: for the Eletta Flow Monitor R2-GL15 and a flow range of 10 20 l/
min, the following calculation can be used as an example;
d (bore) = 10.20 mm
D (inner diameter) = 16 mm
gives = 10.20/16.00 which results in (1-2) = 0.594 * p.

Actual pressure drop (Differential pressure) at a flow of 15 l/min in the above


example = 112,5 mbar (see calculation under the fig.4).
Taken the above into consideration, at flow of 15 l/min, the mentioned
Flow Monitor will have an approximate permanent pressure loss of;
0.594 * 112,5 mbar = 66,82 mbar.

The pressure loss curves in the graph (fig.4) must serve as a guideline.

The following formula can be used to calculate the actual pressure drop at
a given flow if you have another flow than in the above example:
18 52A2E2

17 52C2E14
2

Fig.4 Actual pressure drop graph

p = (Q/Qmax)2 * 200 for turn down ratio of 1:2


and
p = (Q/Qmax)2 * 550 for turn down ratio of 1:5

Where Q = actual flow in l/min and


Qmax = maximum flow of the Flow Monitor in l/min (installed orifice plate)
p =actual pressure drop in mbar

2.7 Electrical Installation

Note!!! An authorized professional person should make all electrical


installations.

Before you connect any cables, please make sure that you have the right
power supply and that it is within the specifications (see section 1.2 Spe-
cifications). Our recommendations for the output signal cable is shielded
twisted pair with an area of minimum 0,2 mm (0,0031 inch). Only connect
the shielding in one end (instrument) to avoid ground loops.
The instrument will drive the analog output (and the frequency output if desi-
red) and you must not connect a two-wire circuit into these terminals.
As the frequency output can be set for either 0-10 VDC amplitude or open col-
lector (max. 24 VDC+/-10%) you will find a jumper on the circuit board under
the terminal block. When the jumper is placed in the lower position, it will give
you 0-10VDC and an open collector possibility in the upper position.
18
52A2E2 52C2E14 19
2
The analogue output signal is pre-calibrated in our flow rig to give you a zero-
based signal. This means that you will get a 4 mA reading when the flow is
between zero (0) and up to the minimum possible reading of the Flow Monitor
and when the flow hits the minimum flow, the signal will jump to the linear
part of the signal. For example: a R2 Flow Monitor with a turn down of 1:2
in flow will have the output signal showing 4 mA between 0 and 50% of the
maximum flow and the jump up to 12 mA when it hits 50% of the possible
flow range and then be linear up to 100% flow. This means that the used mil-
liampere signal within the flow range, goes from 12 mA to 20 mA.
The R5 Flow Monitor will then go from 7,2 mA to 20 mA within the possible
flow range (20% - 100% flow) and the frequency signal follows the same pat-
tern, a R2 Flow Monitor goes from 600 - 1000Hz with in possible flow range
of the Monitor and the R5 gives you 360 - 1000Hz respectively.
A non-zero based output signal/s can be ordered as an option (see Fig.5).

Fig.5 Zero/Non-zero based calibration

All terminal block connections are to be made through the included cable
gland (PG11) and please note that you have two alternative mountings of
the cable gland depending on what side you want to enter with the cables.
We recommend the entry of the cables into the enclosure to be placed in a
downward or sideways direction, to avoid moisture/water to collect in the
enclosure.

20 52A2E2
19 52C2E14
2
It is not allowed to install the R-series Flow Monitor in an Ex-hazardous area.
The terminal
It is not block
allowed connections
to install are described
the R-series in theinfig.6.
Flow Monitor A grounding screw
an Ex-hazardous area.
is to be found at the side of the terminal block.
The terminal block connections are described in the fig.6. A grounding screw
is to be found at the side of the terminal block.
Fig.6 Wiring diagram
Fig.6 Wiring diagram

3Chapter 3. Operation 3
Chapter 3. Operation
Operation
3.1 Principle of operation, DP-Flow Measurement
3.1 Principle of operation, DP-Flow Measurement
3.1 Principle
The Elettaof operation,
Flow DP-Flow
Monitors function Measurement
is based on the proven and dependable
differential pressure principle, using interchangeable the sharp-edge and orifice plates
TheThe Eletta
Eletta FlowFlow Monitors
Monitors function
function is based
is based on theonproven proven
and dependable dependable
di-
for different
differential measuring
pressure ranges.
principle, This is perhaps the oldest and most widely
ferential pressure principal, usingusing interchangeable
interchangeable sharp-edge
sharp-edge orifice
orifice plates
plates
used
for principle
different for flow metering,
measuring ranges. mainly
This is because the
perhaps of its simplicity,
oldest and its relatively
most widely
for low
different andmeasuringvolume ranges.ofThis is perhaps available
the oldest and most widely
usedcost principlehigh for flow metering, research
mainlydatabecause of itsfor predicting
simplicity, its the Flow
relatively
usedMonitors
principlebehavior.
for flow In metering,
the Pipe mainly
Section, because
a fixed of its
area simplicity,
flow its relative-
restriction (the orifice
low cost and high volume of research data available for predicting the Flow
ly low costcauses
plate) and high volume of
a pressure research
drop, whichdata available
varies with forflow
the predictingthe
rate. This(theFlow
pressure
Monitors behavior. In the Pipe Section, a fixed area flow restriction orifice
Monitors
drop behavior.
has a high In
andthea Pipe
low Section, awhich
pressure, fixed area
is lead flow restriction
through two (the orifi-from
channels
plate) causes a pressure drop, which varies with the flow rate. This pressure
ce plate)
each
drop hascauses
sideaof athe
high pressure
orifice
and drop,
a lowplate,which
to the
pressure, varies with
Control
which the through
Unit.
is lead flow rate.two
By measure This pressure
the
channelspressure
from
dropdrophas allows
a high flow
and arate
low measurement
pressure, which by means
is lead of
through
each side of the orifice plate, to the Control Unit. By measure the pressure a mathematical
two channels formula.
from A
eachshort
side form
of theof the calculation
orifice plate, tocan
the be described
Control Unit.
drop allows flow rate measurement by means of a mathematical formula. A as
By Q =
measure
p. the pressure
dropIn most
allows
short Eletta
formflow Flow
rate
of the Monitors,can
measurement
calculation the differential
bybemeans of apressure
described as Q = is
mathematical sensed
p. and measu-
formula.
red mechanically via a rubber diaphragm and
In most Eletta Flow Monitors, the differential pressure is sensed and
A short form of the calculation can be described as Q=
linked to
.the outside of the pro-
measu-
cess liquid/gas,
red mechanically mechanism.
via a rubber This mechanism transforms the movement into
In most Eletta Flow Monitors, the diaphragm
differential and pressurelinked is to the outside
sensed of the pro-
and measured
a Flow rate
cess liquid/gas, value given
mechanism.through the output
This mechanism signal/s in the A- and R-series. All
mechanically via a rubber diaphragm and linked totransformsan outsidethe movement
of the process into
the Eletta
a Flow rate Flow Monitors are tested and approved according to the European
liquid/gas. Thisvalue
mechanismgiven through
transforms the into
output signal/s inwhich
a movement, the A-actsandmechani-
R-series. All
CE-mark
the Eletta regulations.
Flow Monitors (Pls.
arecontact
tested and yourapproved
rep.company accordingor Eletta Sweden
to the European for
cally on the pre-adjusted
copy of certificate.) micro switch. All the Eletta Flow Monitors are tested
CE-mark regulations. (Pls. contact your rep.company or Eletta Sweden for
andThe approved according to the European CE-markoutput regulations.
signals (Pls.
as a check
copyR-series Flow Monitors
of certificate.) have zero-based standard
www.eletta.com
with R-series for copy
the possibility of thenoncertificate.)
The Flow to order
Monitors have zero-based
zero-based as an option.
output Please
signals asrefer to sec-
a standard
tion 2.7
with the Electrical
possibility to Installation
order nonfor details of as
zero-based theanoutput
option. signals.
PleaseDo refernottotry
sec-to
3.2 Changetion 2.7orof
adjust Flowthe
change
Electrical Range
output signal/s
Installation in the
for details of field, as thissignals.
the output has to Do be done
not tryintoa
flow
adjust rigoragainst
change a calibrated
the outputreference
signal/s inmeter.
the field, as this has to be done in a
The Eletta Flow Monitor features an orifice construction that does not require
flow rig against a calibrated reference meter.
recalibration after replacement and can easily be rebuild in the field to change
52A2E2 21
20flow range to another from the flow rate ordered. This is valid for all52C2E14
the Pipe
3
3.2 Change of Flow Range

The Eletta Flow Monitor features an orifice construction that does not require
recalibration after replacement and can easily be rebuild in the field to change
the flow range to another from the flow rate ordered. This is valid for all Pipe
Sections except the GSS/FSS-models where you have to order a completely
new Pipe Section, as the orifice plate is an integrated part of the Pipe Section,
if you need another flow range than ordered originally. The orifice plate inside
the Pipe Section is the only part in the liquid/gas that has to be changed. You
can order and change any flow range that suits your specific application, as
long as the new flow rate falls within the total possible span for the actual Flow
Monitor (see Flow Rate table in section 5.1.).

In each case of rebuilding the flow Monitor in the field, we kindly ask you
to consult Eletta or your local Distributor for advise of the right orifice plate
before ordering.

Note!!! First empty the piping system so it is un-pressurized and has


no flow!

For threaded model -GL:

Untighten the bolts that hold the Pipe Section between the flanges in the
piping. (Do not remove the threaded parts from the piping.) Remove only
the number of bolts necessary to pull the Monitor from the piping, normally
it takes only one bolt from the highest position, to get the Monitor out. Take
out one of the spacers that holds the orifice plate. Change the orifice plate
to the new ordered orifice plate and remember that you can install it in any
direction. Reinstall the spacer that holds the orifice in place inside the Pipe
Section. Install the Monitor in the piping system and tighten the bolts firmly
to avoid leakage.

For threaded stainless steel model -GSS:

In this model there is no loose replaceable orifice plate and therefore it is


necessary to change the complete orifice section with holder, to achieve a
new flow range.

Please follow the above instructions for the -GL model for dismounting the
whole orifice plate with holder. Remove the Control Unit from the old Pipe
Section (orifice section) and install this to the new Pipe Section. Remount the
Flow Monitor into the piping system and tighten the bolts firmly.
For flanged model -FA:
22 52A2E2
21 52C2E14
Please follow the above instructions for the -GL model for dismounting the
whole orifice plate with holder. Remove the Control Unit from the old Pipe
3 Section (orifice section) and install this to the new Pipe Section. Remount the
Flow Monitor into the piping system and tighten the bolts firmly.
For flanged model -FA:
22 Follow the procedure above to loosen the Pipe Section from the counter 52A2E2
flanges in the piping system, but note that the spacer ring is hold in place with
two screws, which has to be removed before removal of the spacer.

For flanged stainless steel model -FSS:

In this model there is no loose replaceable orifice plate and therefore it is


necessary to change the complete pipe unit to achieve a new flow range.
Follow the procedure above to loosen the Pipe Section from the counter
flanges in the piping system. Remove the Control Unit from the old Pipe Sec-
tion (orifice section) and install this to the new Pipe Section. Remount the
Flow Monitor into the piping system and tighten the bolts firmly.

Always check that no gaskets will interfere, by misaligning, with the flow when
installing our Flow Monitors.

When you change the orifice plate in order to get a new flow range, it is
necessary to change the identification label to a label with the new range
marked. This identification plate comes together with the orifice plate when
you order an orifice plate separately. Please make sure that your output sig-
nals in the receiving end PLC, display, computer etc., are matched for the
new flow range. That is, if you have the receiving device set up to measure
engineering units i.e. l/min, m3/h USGPM etc. If you have it set up in percen-
tage, 20-100% for example, you do not need to make any adjustment after
installing the new orifice plate. Remember that there is no need to make any
adjustment to the circuit board in the Flow Monitor as the Control Unit comes
fully calibrated to your specifications and must only be installed according to
the above instructions.

3.3 Change of Flow Direction


At the time of ordering, you must specify in which direction the Flow Moni-
tor shall be mounted i.e. from which side the flow is entering the Pipe
Section. If, for some reason, the Flow Monitor is ordered with the wrong
flow direction, it is possible to change this in the field. For the -GL and
-FA models, the flow direction selector, which determines the direction, is
placed between the diaphragm housing and the Pipe Section.

There are two different selector alternatives to choose from, R and L,


which suit all -GL and -FA sizes. For a flow from left to right through the

22
52A2E2 52C2E14 23
3
3.3.1 Flow direction Selector (from January 2013)

GL- and FA-models are delivered with a flow direction selector that can be used
for both directions.
To change the direction, loosen the four (4) hexagon screw, which hold the di-
aphragm housing to the Pipe Section. Remove the diaphragm housing and you
will see the flow direction selector (it might have attached itself to the bottom side
of the diaphragm housing). Replace the flow direction selector in the configuration
for your system (see fig. 6).

Please also remember to turn the red arrow mounted on the Pipe Section
(-GL and FA models), to align with the new flow direction.

Figure 6

3.3.2 Flow Direction Selector (until December 2012)

For GL and FA models there are two flow direction selectors to choose from,
the R and the L selector.
For flow according to symbol R, use the R Flow Direction selector and the
opposite for L.
To change the selector, loosen the four (4) hexagon screws, which hold the
diaphragm housing to the Pipe Section. Remove the diaphragm housing and
you will see the flow direction selector, which is held in place by two screws.
Remove the screws and change the selector. Make sure that the four o-rings are
mounted correctly to avoid leakage. Mount the diaphragm housing to the Pipe
Section and tighten the four hexagon screws firmly.
Please also remember to turn the red arrow mounted on the Pipe Section
(-GL and FA models), to align with the new flow direction.
For -GSS and -FSS models we refer to section 2.2.

23 52C2E14
eld. You then need a new flow direction selector, which can be ordered as a
spare part, according to the right alternative i.e. left L or right R.
3 Please note: Only available in the -GL and -FA models, for -GSS and -FSS
models we refer to section 3.2 and 2.2.

Flow direction alternative


Pipe Section, use selector R, and for a flow right to left through the Pipe
Section, use selector L. The flow direction selector must be ordered as a

173A2E6
spare part, according to the right alternative.
For GL-models, first empty the pipe system so that it is un-pressurized
and has no flow! For FA-models, use the shut-off valves, see section 2.5

To change the selector, loosen the four hexagon screws, which hold the
diaphragm housing to the Pipe Section. Remove the diaphragm housing and
you will see the flow direction selector, which is held in place by two screws.
Remove the screws and change the selector. Make sure that the four o-rings
are re-mounted correctly to avoid leakage. Mount the diaphragm housing
to the Pipe Section
R and tighten the four hexagon screws L firmly. Please also
remember to turn the red arrow mounted on the Pipe Section (-GL and -FA
Figure 8
models), to align with the new flow direction.
To change the selector, loosen the four hexagon screws, which hold the dia-
phragm housing to the Pipe Section. Remove the diaphragm housing and you
For the -GSS and - FSS models, we refer to section 2.2 and 3.2.
4 will see the flow direction selector, which is held in place by two screws. 4
Chapter 4. Trouble shooting
Trouble shooting
40A2E6 21
4.1
4.1 Verification of flow
Verification
27 of flow 40B2E12

We We would
would likelike
to to stress
stress the the
factfact
thatthat all Eletta
all the the Eletta
FlowFlow Monitors
Monitors are calibra-
are calibrated
andtedadjusted
and adjusted individually
individually on wateron in
water in a specially
a specially purposepurpose built calibrated
built calibrated flow
rigflow rig workshop.
in our in our workshop.
This meansThisthat
means
we havethatcalibrated/adjusted
we have calibrated/adjusted
the Monitorsthe
Monitors
under referenceunder referencewith
conditions conditions with enough
enough straight straight
runs before andruns
after,before
always and
the same liquid, temperature, flows and pressure. If you find our Monitors toour
after, always the same liquid, temperature, flows and pressure. If you find
Monitors
show another to show
value another
compared value
to acompared to a reference
reference meter on site, itmeter on site,
can well it can
be due
well be due to the fact that the reference meter has been
to the fact that the reference meter has been calibrated under other reference calibrated under
other reference conditions and that our Monitor has other conditions on site
conditions and that our Monitor have other conditions on site in the actual
in the actual application, than we used under the calibration prior to shipping.
application, than we used under the calibration prior to shipping. We calibrate
We calibrate all Monitors against flow and not pressure.
all our Monitors against flow and not pressure.
The
The meter
meter is is
notnot showing
giving any or the wrong value:
an alarm:
Is there any power supply connected?
-Is the Monitor mounted correctly with respect to the flow direction? Please
check the arrow
Is the Monitor on the outside
mounted correctlyofwith
the Pipe Section
respect to thewith
flowthe actual (true)
direction? Pleaseflow
direction.
check the For GL-
arrow onand
the FA-models, check
outside of the pipe the flowwith
section direction selector
the actual inside
(true) flowthe
monitor.
directionLift
forthe control
GL- unit and check
and FA-models, checkthethe
arrow
flowon this part.selector
direction Make sure that
inside
itthe
is corresponding to control
monitor. Lift the the trueunit
flow.and check the arrow on this part. Make
sure that it is corresponding to the true flow.
24
Is there any flow in the pipe? And is it enough to create the needed P?
52C2E14
4
-Is there any flow in the pipe? And is it enough to create the needed P?

-Do you have the right orifice plate for the application? Check the stamped
values on the orifice plate (Pipe Section, model number and flow).

-If you are using tube fittings into the Monitor inlet, check that the inside dia-
meter is enough to avoid the nozzle effect described in section 2.3 and also
check the table for the minimum correct inner diameter in the same section.

-Are there enough straight runs upstream and downstream the Monitor? (15
diameters upstream and 5 downstream.)
Do you have valves or bends in more than one plane within the above straight
runs? If so, move the Monitor further away to achieve enough straight runs.

Under section 3.1 it is described how the Monitor creates the differential pres-
sure. Eletta Flow Monitors work with two different Ps
i.e. on the R2 units the P is always maximum 200 mbar and for the R5 units,
the P is always maximum 550 mbar. This means that at maximum P the
flow is always 100% in any Flow Monitor mounted on any Pipe Section. This
makes it very easy to move one control unit from one pipe to another Pipe
Section on another pipe in order to check the function. It does not matter
what size/diameter the Pipe Section has, as we always work with the same
P on every pipe size.

To check if the Monitor is showing the right desired and ordered value, it is
easy to remove the Flow Monitors from the pipe system and block the ori-
fice plate and apply the correct maximum pressure at the inlet. If you apply
for example 200 mbar on the high-pressure side (P1) on R2 series with a
blocked orifice, the selected output signal should reach the end value i.e 20
mA or 1000 Hz.

The same goes for a R5 model, which should reach the end value on the
output signal, if you apply a pressure of 550 mbar.

You can of course also verify the flow in the Eletta Flow Monitor versus another
flow meter in the system or take the Monitor out and put in a flow test rig, if
you have the possibility.

If the above is not the case there is a need to send the Monitor to the Distri-
butor or directly to The Eletta Service department for control.

25
52A2E2
52C2E14
25
4
If you find process liquid/gas coming out of the Control Unit:

- Most probably you will find a broken diaphragm lever, the small stain-
less steel shaft going through a rubber sealing and it is attached to the
diaphragm in the end. If you have exposed the Monitor to excessive pres-
sure (over 16 bar/232PSI standard) or if the process liquid/gas is too
aggressive to the rubber in the sealing, it can cause the sealing to break.
When this happens, it nearly always causes a broken circuit board and
therefore replace the whole Control Unit as this is a from the manufacturer cali-
brated replacement part. Do not replace the diaphragm lever only, as it is in most
cases impossible to re-calibrate the R-series Monitor in the field to the right set-
tings. Please check the identification plate/tag on the Monitor and write down
the serial number, flow range and liquid before ordering a new Control Unit from
your representative or us. You can then easily replace the broken Control Unit
in minutes without any field calibration necessary (please section 2.5 for details
on how to replace a Control Unit). If you originally ordered a specially desig-
ned Flow Monitor i.e. if it does not follow our standard execution, it must be
checked what kind of soft parts (diaphragm and seals) you have installed
in the Flow Monitor. There are three different kinds of rubbers to order (see
section 1.2 for details) and we kindly ask you to provide us with the above
information in order to help us ship you the right material.

4.2 Electrical connections


Please always see to that you are using the right voltage and current (see
Specification chapter 1.2) and that you have connected all the leads in a
proper way (see chapter 2.7). If you open the cover on the Control Unit of the
Monitors it is normally very easy to see, if a component is broken/burned. If
so, please do not try to repair the circuit board yourself. Check the identifica-
tion plate/tag and write down the serial number, flow range and liquid and
order a new control Unit from us. It is not advisable to order only the circuit
board as the calibration of a new board must be done together with the Con-
trol Unit. We will ship you the complete Control Unit with diaphragm housing
and you can easily fit the new Control Unit to your existing Pipe Section with
only four (4) screws, please see section 2.5 for details.

4.3 Spares
We are proud to say that our Flow Monitors are well known for their long life-
time and robust construction but inevitable, it is sometimes needed to order
spare parts. We refer to section 7 where you can find an exploded drawing
showing all replaceable components included in the Flow Monitor.

26 52A2E2
26 52C2E14
4
4.3 HART Communication

The R-series Flow Monitor can also be equipped with a HART module instead
of the standard analog electronic circuit board. When this option is chosen,
the standard circuit board is replaced by and R/I-module and hence, the
functions which is in the standard circuit board execution is no longer available.
This module is programmed according to customer specifications before
leaving the factory. It is not advisable to try to recalibrate these units on site
as you need a calibration experience from Eletta Flow Monitors and to use the
right tools. This HART module works as an I/R transmitter where the movement
from the lever in the Flow Monitor is transformed through the potentiometer into a
HART protocol communication. It gives a linearized flow output through the 2-wire
connection. The output is galvanically isolated with a high measurement accuracy.

Schematics of the HART module in R-series Flow Monitor

For the electrical connection, please see drawing below. There is a sticker with
this connection information placed inside the cover of the blue housing

27 52C2E14
4

4.4 Programming of the R-series with HART protocol

The module can be configured in the following 3 ways:

1. With the communications interface Loop Link and the PReset PC


configuration software
2. With a HART modem and Preset PC configuration software
3. With a HART communicator and a PR DDL driver.

1. Loop Link

For programming, please refer to the drawing below and the help functions
in Prreset. Loop Link is not approved for communication with modules installed
in hazardous (Ex) areas.

2. HART modem

For programming, please refer to the drawing below and the help
functions in PReset.

28 52C2E14
4

3. HART communicator
For programming, please refer to the drawing below. To gain access to product
specific commands, the HART communicator must be loaded with the PR DDL
driver. This can be ordered either at the HART Communication Foundation or
at Eletta Flow AB, Sweden.

4.5 Connection of transmitters in a multidrop mode


The HART communicator or a PC modem cn be connected across AB or BC

The outputs of max. 15 Flow Monitors (transmitters) can be connected in parallel


for a digital HART communication on 2-wires.

29 52C2E14
52B2E11 27
section 1.2 for details) and we kindly ask you to provide us with the above
information in order to help us ship you the right material.
44.2 Electrical connections
Please always see to that you are using the right voltage and current (see
Specification chapter 1.2) and that you have connected all the leads in a
Before it isway
proper connected, each2.7).
(see chapter FlowIf Monitors
you open(transmitter)
the cover onmust be configured
the Control with
Unit of the
a unique number from 1 to 15. If 2 Flow Monitors (transmitters) are configured
Monitors it is normally very easy to see, if a component is broken/burned. If
with the same number, both will be excluded. The Flow Monitors (transmitters)
mustso,beplease do not try
programmed fortomultidrop
repair themode
circuit(with
board yourself.
a fixed Check
output theofidentifica-
signal 4 mA).
Maximum current in the loop is therefore 60 mA.The communication liquid
tion plate/tag and write down the serial number, flow range and andby
is either
order a new control Unit from us. It is not advisable to
means of a HART communicator or a HART modem. The Preset PC configurator order only the circuit
boardcan
software as the calibration
configure the of a new board
individual Flow must be (transmitter)
Monitor done togetherfor with the Con-
multidrop
trol Unit. We will ship you the complete
mode and provide it with a unique polling address. Control Unit with diaphragm housing
and you can easily fit the new Control Unit to your existing Pipe Section with
only four (4) screws, please see section 2.5 for details.

4.3
4.6 Spares
4.6 We are proud to say that our Flow Monitors are well known for their long life-
Spares
time and robust construction but inevitable, it is sometimes needed to order
Wespare parts.toWe
are proud sayrefer
thatto section
our 7 where you
Flow Monitors are can
wellfind an exploded
known drawing
for their long
showing all replaceable components included in the Flow Monitor.
lifetime and robust construction but inevitable, it is sometimes needed to
order spare parts. We refer to section 6.1 where you can find an exploded
drawing showing all replaceable components included in the Flow Monitor.
26 52A2E2

55
Distributors
Eletta has appointed distributors around the world.
You find more information about which distributor to
contact on our website www.eletta.com or call our
customer service.

Phone: +46 8 603 07 80


Fax: +46 8 646 10 40

30 52C2E14
5 6
Chapter 5. Tables
Tables
6.1 Measuring Ranges
5.1
6.1 Measuring ranges
R2 R5

The above tables show the maximum


flow range achievable in each pipe size.
However, it is possible to order a lower
flow range indicated above.

MC=Measuring constant
26
52A2E2 40A2E6 27
32
31
40B2E12
52C2E14
6
5.2
6.2 Weight and Dimensions

52A2E2 29

28 52A2E2
32 52C2E14
6

30
Item Description Nos Item Description Nos

28
33
34
7.1
6.1
1 Cover 1 19 Screw, washer, nut 4
2Item Screw
Description 4
Nos 20
Item Pipe body GL
Description Nos1
6.1 V-GL/FA
3 Terminal block 1 21 O-ring 1
1 Cover 1 17 O-ring 1
42 Microswitch
Screw 4
1 18
22 Orifice plate GL
Orifice plate 1
1
R..-GL/FA

53 Adjusting
Casing dial 11 1923 O-ring
O-ring 2 2
64 Cable
Casing gland 11 2024 Spacer
Spacer GL 2 2
5 Potentiometer 1 21 Threaded flange GL 2
76 Cable
Levergland 11 2225 Threaded flange
Screw, washer, nut GL 4 2
87 Diaphragm housing
Lever 11 2326 Connecting unit
Connecting unit FA 1 1
Diaphragm 1 24 Shut-off valve 2 2
989 Diaphragm housing 1 27 O-ring
Diaphragm spring 1 25 O-ring 2
Chapter 6. Exploded

1010 Diaphragm
Diaphragm housing cover 11 2628 Shut-off
Screw valve 2 2
1111 Screw
Diaphragm spring 91 2729 O-ring
Screw 2 2
Screw with washer 4 28 Pipe body FA 1
1212
13
Diaphragm
O-ring
cover 4
1 29
30 O-ring
O-ring 1
2
1314 Screw
Flow direction selector 19 3031 Pipe body
Orifice plate FA 1 1
1415 Screw
Screwwith washer 24 3132 Spacer
O-ring 2 1
Explodeddrawing

16 Pipe body GL 1 32 Screw, washer 4


15 Spring bar 1 33 Orifice plate FA 1
drawings

16 O-ring 4 34 Spacer FA 2
17 Screw 2 35 Screw and washer 4
18 Flow direction selector 1

40A2E6
52C2E14
40B2E12
52A2E2
7
7

52A2E2 31

34 52C2E14
32
7.2
6.2

35
Item Description Nos

1 Cover 1
2 Screw 4
3 Casing 1
4 Cable gland 1
R..-GSS/FSS

5 Potentiometer 1
6 Lever 1
7 Diaphragm housing 1
8 Diaphragm 1
9 Diaphragm spring 1
10 Diaphragm housing cover 1
11 Screw with washer 6
12 O-ring 2
13 Orifice plate/Pipe unit FSS 1
14 Screw 2
15 Orifice plate/Pipe unit GSS 1
16 O-ring 2
17 Threaded flange GSS 2
18 Screw, washer, nut 4
19. Manifolder (option)
20. Shut off valves (option)

52C2E14
52A2E2
7
7

52A2E2 33
36 52C2E14
36 52A2E2