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Analyzing the market structure of coal industry in Australia?

Learn more about coal,


which is considered the most abundant resource for fuel and the market structure for
the Australian coal industry...

With regards to the market structure of the coal industry in Australia, it is very well-
established and very competitive. This is mainly because the coal industry in
Australia has some of the largest reserves for that fossil fuel and the industry is well-
established.

Coal is basically a mixture of hydrogen and carbon atoms dotted with little amounts
of sulfur, which is bound to iron or carbon, along with a few other elements. Globally
the world has access to this fossil fuel, with enough to last for more than two
centuries at least. As far as the Australian coal Industry is concerned, coal is an
integral part of the economy. In fact, approximately 10% of the export income
generated by Australia is from the mining and export of coal. This amounts to roughly
$18 billion in terms of the dollar value of the quantity of coal mined in Australia in
this decade. Japanese companies are major stakeholders in Australian mines.

Australia ranks as the fourth-largest producer and exporter of this fossil fuel. It is led
by China, the United States and India. A total of 7% of the world production of black
coal is accounted for by the Australian trade. This works out to one third of the
world’s production of this fossil fuel and approximately half of the world’s trade
coking coal.

The Australian Coal industry is as a dynamic industry with continuous growth


witnessed year after year. Over the past five or six years Australia coal exports have
increased threefold. In fact, the production of black coal had surpassed the 3,000,000
ton barrier as early as 2006. With a focus on exporting the products, more than 75%
of the total black coal that is produced in Australia is exported to different markets
across the world. That means that the market structure of the old industry in
Australia has to substantially support the entire process from mining, transportation
and getting export tenders to meetinf the demands of the global energy market.
Even though the total value of exports in terms of dollar value have increased year
after year, the massive amount of earnings that are derived from foreign buyers have
resulted in massive fluctuations because of the changes in exchange rates as well as
the uncertain market conditions on a global level for energy products of all kinds.

Based on the continuous growth and development in the Australian continent in


terms of infrastructure and population, there is a constant and steady demand for
coal on the domestic market. In order to maintain the supply at a constant level there
are many approaches that have been instituted to reduce the greenhouse gas
emission and the carbon footprint of the Australian nation. In fact, COAL 21 is the
national initiative to create clean coal.

Market Structure of the Australian Coal Industry

The country has efficient deposits of both black and brown coal mainly available in
Eastern Queensland, Victoria and New South Wales. The primary uses of these
deposits are for the production of iron and steel and steaming, which is a process
utilized for power generation. The coal produced is known to be low in sulfur and ash
and very high in energy content.

As far as the infrastructure is concerned, there are more than 100 coal mines spread
throughout Australia. Most of these are efficient and equipped with on-site recreation
products that are very contemporary and state-of-the-art. Some of the major
producers on a global level include the four major producers who are involved in the
largest quantity of global exports. These include the Rio Tinto of the Coal and Allied
and Pacific Coal, Anglo Coal, Xstrata and BHP-Billiton.