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HyCad Performance Model

Daily Energy Demand (kWh/day)


Prepared for
System site
Date

AC Loads

Voltage (AC): 220


Frequency: 50
Actual year: 2013
Design year: 2013

INPUTS Daily Design


Required Hours Energy Load Daily
Load Power per Now Growth Energy
No. Description How many? (W) Day (AC kWh) Rate (AC kWh/d)
1 Fluorescents 0.0 1.5% 0.0
2 Fluorescents 0.0 1.5% 0.0
3 PC 0.0 1.5% 0.0
4 Monitor 0.0 1.5% 0.0
5 Printer 0.0 1.5% 0.0
6 Parabolic 0.0 1.5% 0.0
7 TV 0.0 1.5% 0.0
8 DVD 0.0 1.5% 0.0
9 DVD 0.0 1.5% 0.0
10 Refrigerator 0.0 1.5% 0.0
11 0.0 1.5% 0.0
12 0.0 1.5% 0.0
13 0.0 1.5% 0.0
14 0.0 1.5% 0.0
15 0.0 1.5% 0.0
Total (AC kWh/day): 0.0 0.0
HyCad Performance Model
Annual wind data
Prepared for
System site
Data source
Date
Measured data height (m) 10

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May


Average Wind Speed 5.20 5.40 5.80 6.10 5.80

- Units are meters/sec (m/s)


- 1m/s = 2.2369 mph

7.00

6.00

5.00

4.00

3.00

2.00

1.00

0.00
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug
Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
5.00 4.80 3.90 4.40 5.00 4.80 5.40 5.13

Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


HyCad Performance Model
Datos Anuales de Radiacin
Prepared for
System site
Data source
Date

Peak
Month Sun Hours
Jan 3.30
Feb 4.10
Mar 4.20
Apr 4.60
May 5.20
Jun 6.10
Jul 6.20
Aug 6.20
Sep 5.60
Oct 5.10
Nov 4.50
Dec 3.90
Annual 4.92

7.00

6.00

5.00

4.00

3.00

2.00

1.00

0.00
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep
Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
HyCad Performance Model
BWC XL.1 Battery Charge Version MS Excel, V.97 PC

Prepared for

1.1 kW
1 kW
System site
Data source
Date

Inputs: Results:
Wind average (m/s) = Hub height average wind speed (m/s) = 0.00
Weibull K = Air Density Factor = 0.0%
Site Altitude (m) = Average Output Power (W) = #DIV/0!
Wind Shear Exp. = Daily Generated Output (kWh/day) = #DIV/0!
Anem. Height (m) = 10 Annual Generated Output (kWh/year) = #DIV/0!
Tower height (m) = Monthly Generated Output (kWh/month)= #DIV/0!
Turbulence Factor = Percentage operating time = #DIV/0!
Perf. Safety Margin =

Weibull Performance Calculations


Bin Wind Speed (m/s) Power (W) Wind
Luis Speed Probability (f)
Arribas: Net W @ V
Weibull Calculations:
1 0 Power curve#DIV/0!
from #DIV/0!
Wind speed probability is
0
2 2 Manufacturer#DIV/0!
data should #DIV/0! calculated as a Weibull curve 2
3 22 be used here#DIV/0! #DIV/0! defined by the average wind speed 22
and a shape factor, K. To facilitate
4 60 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
piece-wise integration, the wind
60
5 125 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! speed range is broken down into 125
6 230 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! "bins" of 1 m/s in width (Column 1). 230
For each wind speed bin,
7 375 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! instantaneous wind turbine power 375
8 530 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! (W, Column 2)) is multiplied by the 530
9 700 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Weibull wind speed probability (f, 700
Column 3). This cross product (Net
10 880 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! W, Column 4) is the contribution to 880
11 1070 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! average turbine power output 1,070
12 1200 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! contributed by wind speeds in that 1,200
bin. The sum of these
13 1230 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! contributions is the average power 1,230
14 1200 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! output of the turbine on a 1,200
15 1150 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! continuous, 24 hour, basis. 1,150
Best results are achieved using
16 1095 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! annual or monthly average wind 1,095
17 1040 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! speeds. Use of daily or hourly 1,040
18 990 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! average speeds is not 990
recommended.
19 940 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 940
20 890 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 890
2000, Bergey Windpower Co. Total: #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Instructions:
Inputs: Use annual or monthly Average Wind speeds. If Weibull K is not known, use K = 2 for inland sites, use 3 for coastal sites, and use 4 for
island sites and trade wind regimes. Site Altitude is meters above sea level. Wind Shear Exponent is best assumed as "1/7" or 0.143. For rough
terrain or high turbulence use 0.167. For very smooth terrain or open water use 0.110. Anemometer Height is for the data used for the Average
Wind speed. If unknown, use 10 meters. Tower Height is the nominal height, eg.: 24 meters. Turbulence Factor is a derating for turbulence,
product variability, and other performance influencing factors. Use 0.1 (10%) - 0.15 (15%) is most cases. Performance Safety Margin is a derating
that accounts for unuseable energy (eg.: batteries full) and adds a margin of safety in satisfying the load requirements. Use 0.05 (5%) for remote
homes and village power sites with back-up power. Use 0.15 (15%) - 0.25 (25%) for telecommunication applications with back-up power. Use 0.2
(20%) - 0.4 (40%) for high-priority loads at sites without back-up power (should have solar component).
Results: Hub Average Wind Speed is corrected for wind shear and used to calculate the Weibull wind speed probability. Air Density Factor is the
reduction from sea level performance. Average Power Output is the average 24-hour power produced, without the performance safety margin
adjustment. Daily Energy Output includes all deratings and is the primary performance parameter. Annual and Monthly Energy Outputs are
calculated for the Daily value. Percent Operating Time is the time the turbine should be producing some power.
Limitations: This model uses a mathmatical idealization of the wind speed probability. The validity of this assumption is reduced as the time period
under consideration (ie, the wind speed averaging period) is reduced. This model is best used with annual or monthly average wind speeds. Use of
this model with daily or hourly average wind speed data is not recommended because the wind will not follow a Weibull distribution over short
periods. Actual Performance May Vary !

Instructions: Weibull Calculations:

terrain or high turbulence use 0.167. For very smooth terrain or open water use 0.110. Anemometer Height is for
Wind speed. If unknown, use 10 meters. Tower Height is the nominal height, eg.: 24 meters. Turbulence Factor
1.5 kW
Inputs: Use annual or monthly Average Wind speeds. If Weibull K is not known, use K = 2 for inland sites, use Wind
island sites and trade wind regimes. Site Altitude is meters above sea level. Wind Shear Exponent is best assumed
3 for coastal

defined
and
speed probability
calculated
as "1/7"
the databy used
sites, and is
asor
a Weibull
0.143. For
the average
is a derating
shape factor,
use 4 for
curverough
for the Average
wind speed
for turbulence,
K. To facilitate
product variability, and other performance influencing factors. Use 0.1 (10%) - 0.15 (15%) is most cases. Performancepiece-wise
Safetyintegration,
Margin isthe a derating
wind
that accounts for unuseable energy (eg.: batteries full) and adds a margin of safety in satisfying the load requirements.
speedUse range0.05
is (5%)
brokenfordown
remoteinto
homes and village power sites with back-up power. Use 0.15 (15%) - 0.25 (25%) for telecommunication applications "bins"
withofback-up
1 m/s inpower.
width (Column
Use 0.2 1).
(20%) - 0.4 (40%) for high-priority loads at sites without back-up power (should have solar component). For each wind speed bin,
Results: Hub Average Wind Speed is corrected for wind shear and used to calculate the Weibull wind speed probability.instantaneousAir Density
wind turbine
Factor power
is the
reduction from sea level performance. Average Power Output is the average 24-hour power produced, without the (W,performance
Column 2)) safety
is multiplied
marginby the
adjustment. Daily Energy Output includes all deratings and is the primary performance parameter. Annual and Monthly Weibull windEnergy
speed Outputs
probability
are (f,
calculated for the Daily value. Percent Operating Time is the time the turbine should be producing some power. Column 3). This cross product (Net
Limitations: This model uses a mathmatical idealization of the wind speed probability. The validity of this assumption
W, Column
is reduced
4) is as
thethe
contribution
time period to
under consideration (ie, the wind speed averaging period) is reduced. This model is best used with annual or monthly average
average
turbine
wind power
speeds.
outputUse of
this model with daily or hourly average wind speed data is not recommended because the wind will not follow a Weibullcontributed
distribution
by windoverspeeds
short in that
periods. Consult Bergey Windpower Co. for special needs. Actual Performance May Vary ! bin. The sum of these
contributions is the average power
output of the turbine on a
continuous, 24 hour, basis.
Best results are achieved using
annual or monthly average wind
speeds. Use of daily or hourly
average speeds is not
recommended.
Modelo de Evaluacin HyCad
Evaluacin de Sistema Hbrido Elico & Solar
Consumos: AC Diario kWh: 0 Eficiencias BOS (Balance del Sistema)
Generacin: DC Equivalente kWh: 0.00 Batera: 0.85
euros/W EUROS TOTAL Inversor: 0.9
Tamao de la Generacin Elica, kW: 2 5.5 11,000 Cableado: 0.98
Tamao de la Generacin Fotovoltaica, kW: 0.5 7.0 3,500 Otros: 1
14,500 Energa Disipada: 0.95
Margen de Seguridad : 0.95
Total: 0.675

ENTADAS
1.0 kW Wind 1 kW PV Elica Fotovoltaica Total Consumo Consumo
Energa Diaria Energa Diaria Energa Diaria Energa Diaria Energa Diaria Medio Cubierto
Mes Salida, kWh Salida, kWh Salida, kWh Salida, kWh Salida, kWh Diario %
ENE 6.3 3.30 12.6 1.7 14.3 0.00 #DIV/0!
FEB 6.9 4.10 13.8 2.1 15.9 0.00 #DIV/0!
MAR 7.8 4.20 15.6 2.1 17.7 0.00 #DIV/0!
ABR 8.6 4.60 17.2 2.3 19.5 0.00 #DIV/0!
MAY 7.8 5.20 15.6 2.6 18.2 0.00 #DIV/0!
JUN 5.8 6.10 11.6 3.1 14.7 0.00 #DIV/0!
JUL 5.3 6.20 10.6 3.1 13.7 0.00 #DIV/0!
AGO 3.2 6.20 6.4 3.1 9.5 0.00 #DIV/0!
SEP 4.3 5.60 8.6 2.8 11.4 0.00 #DIV/0!
OCT 5.8 5.10 11.6 2.6 14.2 0.00 #DIV/0!
NOV 5.3 4.50 10.6 2.3 12.9 0.00 #DIV/0!
DIC 6.9 3.90 13.8 2.0 15.8 0.00 #DIV/0!

Media Ao 6.2 4.9 12.3 2.5 14.8 0.00 #DIV/0!

Consumo Cubierto, por Meses

25.0
Energa, kWh

20.0

15.0
Elica
Solar
10.0 Total
Consumo
5.0

0.0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Mes
Modelo de Evaluacin de Aerogenerador WindCad
BWC XL.1 Version para Carga de Bateras MS Excel, V.97 PC

Preparado para: Cliente

1.1
1 kW
kW
calizacin de la instalacin: Usuario
Fuente de Datos: US-DOE Wind Energy Atlas
Fecha: 7/6/2017

Entradas: Resultados: enero febrero marzo abril mayo junio julio agosto septiembre octubre noviembre diciembre
Veloc. Media Altura Buje (m/s) = 5.20 5.40 5.80 6.10 5.80 5.00 4.80 3.90 4.40 5.00 4.80 5.40
Weibull K = 0 Factor Densidad de aire = 0.0%
Altitud del lugar (m) = 0 Potencia de Salida Media (W) = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Exp. Cortadura = 0 Energa Diaria Generada (kWh) = 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Altura Anem. (m) = 10 Energa Anual Generada (kWh) = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Altura Torre (m) = 0 Energa Mensual Generada = 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Factor Turbulencia = 0 Porcentaje de tiempo de utilizacin = 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Margen Seguridad = 0

Clculos de la Generacin con una Funcin de Distribucin de Weibull Probabilidad de viento (f)
Bin Velocidad de viento (m/s) Potencia (W) Probabilidad de viento (f) Neto W @ V enero febrero marzo abril mayo junio julio agosto septiembre octubre noviembre diciembre
1 0 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
2 2 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
3 22 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
4 60 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
5 125 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
6 230 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
7 375 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
8 530 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
9 700 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
10 880 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
11 1,070 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
12 1,200 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
13 1,230 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
14 1,200 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
15 1,150 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
16 1,095 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
17 1,040 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
18 990 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
19 940 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
20 890 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
2000, Bergey Windpower Co. Total: 0.00% 0.00 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%

Neto W @ V
enero febrero marzo abril mayo junio julio agosto septiembre octubre noviembre diciembre
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Instructions: Weibull Calculations:

1.5 kW
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Inputs: Use annual or monthly Average Wind speeds. If Weibull K is not known, use K = 2 for inland sites, use Wind 3 for coastal
speed probability
sites, and is use 4 for
island sites and trade wind regimes. Site Altitude is meters above sea level. Wind Shear Exponent is best assumed calculated
as "1/7" asora 0.143.
Weibull For curve0.00
rough 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
terrain or high turbulence use 0.167. For very smooth terrain or open water use 0.110. Anemometer Height is for defined
the databy used
the average
for the Average
wind0.00
speed 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wind speed. If unknown, use 10 meters. Tower Height is the nominal height, eg.: 24 meters. Turbulence Factor and
is aa derating
shape factor,
for turbulence,
K. To facilitate
product variability, and other performance influencing factors. Use 0.1 (10%) - 0.15 (15%) is most cases. Performancepiece-wise
Safety integration,
Margin isthe 0.00
a derating
wind 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
that accounts for unuseable energy (eg.: batteries full) and adds a margin of safety in satisfying the load requirements.
speedUse range0.05is (5%)
broken fordown
remote0.00
into 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
homes and village power sites with back-up power. Use 0.15 (15%) - 0.25 (25%) for telecommunication applications "bins"
withofback-up
1 m/s inpower.
width (Column
Use0.00
0.2 1). 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
(20%) - 0.4 (40%) for high-priority loads at sites without back-up power (should have solar component). For each wind speed bin,
Results: Hub Average Wind Speed is corrected for wind shear and used to calculate the Weibull wind speed probability.instantaneousAir Density
wind turbine 0.00
Factorpower
is the 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
reduction from sea level performance. Average Power Output is the average 24-hour power produced, without the (W,performance
Column 2)) safetyis multiplied
marginby the
adjustment. Daily Energy Output includes all deratings and is the primary performance parameter. Annual and Monthly Weibull windEnergyspeed Outputs
probability
are (f,
calculated for the Daily value. Percent Operating Time is the time the turbine should be producing some power. Column 3). This cross product (Net
Limitations: This model uses a mathmatical idealization of the wind speed probability. The validity of this assumption
W, Column
is reduced4) isas thethe
contribution
time period to
under consideration (ie, the wind speed averaging period) is reduced. This model is best used with annual or monthly average
averageturbine
wind power
speeds.output
Use of
this model with daily or hourly average wind speed data is not recommended because the wind will not follow a Weibullcontributed
distribution
by wind over
speeds
short in that
periods. Consult Bergey Windpower Co. for special needs. Actual Performance May Vary ! bin. The sum of these
contributions is the average power
output of the turbine on a
continuous, 24 hour, basis.
Best results are achieved using
annual or monthly average wind
speeds. Use of daily or hourly
average speeds is not
recommended.
HyCad Performance Model
Assessment of a Hybrid Wind & Solar System
Loads: AC Daily kWh: 0.00 BOS Efficiencies (Balance of the System)
Generation: DC Equivalent kWh: 0.00 Battery 0.85
Power per unit
n units (kW) Total Power (kW) $/W $ TOTAL Inverter 0.9
Size of Wind Genaration: 1 0 5.5 0 Wiring 0.98
Size of PV Generation: 0.1 0 7.0 0 Others 1
0 Dumped energy 0.95
Security margin 0.95
Total: 0.675

INPUTS
1.0 kW Wind 1 kW PV Wind PV Total Load Load
Daily Energy Daily Energy Daily Energy Daily Energy Daily Energy Medio Coverage
Month Output, kWh Output, kWh Output, kWh Output, kWh Output, kWh Diario %
JAN 0.0 3.30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
FEB 0.0 4.10 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
MAR 0.0 4.20 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
APR 0.0 4.60 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
MAY 0.0 5.20 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
JUN 0.0 6.10 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
JUL 0.0 6.20 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
AUG 0.0 6.20 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
SEP 0.0 5.60 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
OCT 0.0 5.10 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
NOV 0.0 4.50 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!
DEC 0.0 3.90 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!

Average 0.0 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 #DIV/0!

Load Coverage, by month

1.0

0.9
Energy, kWh

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5 Wind Solar

0.4
Total Load
0.3

0.2

0.1

0.0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Month