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The Power of the Mind:The Whole Brain Theory

The theory of the whole-brain-work basically explains the oscillatory dynamics of the human and nonhuman brain during
cognitive processing. The theory is based on principles according to which brain functions are represented by the oscillatory
activity.

In 1861, Paul Broca conducted a study on the language and left-right brain specialization on a patient who had problems with
language.After several tests, Broca therorized that some language functions reside on the left side of the brain (R.J. Morris
2006)

After more researcher were conducted on language functions and the brain, other scientists continued their studies on brain-
related diseases and malfunctions.

Dr. Roger Sperry conducted a study for epillepsy, which gave him the 1981 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Sperry
explained that the brain has two hemispheres that perform tasks differently from each other.

He discovered that the left hemisphere of the brain was performing tasks that were intuitive, creative, and synthesizing; while
the right hemisphere of the brain was more adept with analythical, logical,reasoning, and critical thinking.Dr. Perrys theory
wasknown as the Split-Brain Theory.(The Split Brain Expirements)

Split-Brain Experiments. Roger Sperry (who won the Nobel prize in 1981) and Michael Gazzaniga are two neuroscientists who
studied patients who had surgery to cut the corpus callosum. These studies are called "Split-Brain Experiments".

Another neuroscientist by the name of Dr. Paul Maclean came up with a theory that identified three distinct parts of the brain,
namely: Neocortex, limbic system, and reptallian complex, which were reffered to as The brain Truine Brain Theory.

Neuroscience, also known as Neural Science, is the study of how the nervous system develops, its structure, and what it does.
Neuroscientists focus on the brain and its impact on behavior and cognitive functions.

Neocortex - A part of the cerebral cortex concerned with sight and hearing in mammals, regarded as the most recently evolved
part of the cortex.

Reptillian complex -The reptilian complex, also known as the R-complex or "reptilian brain" was the name MacLean gave to the
basal ganglia, structures derived from the floor of the forebrain during development.

Limbic System - A complex system of nerves and networks in the brain, involving several areas near the edge of the cortex
concerned with instinct and mood. It controls the basic emotions (fear, pleasure, anger) and drives (hunger, sex, dominance,
care of offspring).

Triune Brain Theory. Dr Paul Maclean, a leading neuroscientist, developed the famous Triune Brain theory for understanding
the brain in terms of its evolutionary history. According to this theory, three distinct brains emerged successively in the course
of evolution and now co-inhabit the human skull.

To Dr. MacLean, the neocortex or rational brain is responsible for intellectual tasks such as language, planning, abstraction,
and perception, while the limbic system or the intermediate brain is responsible for the motivation and emotion involved in
feeding, reproductive behavior, and parental behavior.

Finally, there is the primitive brain or the reptallian complex, which controls the self-preservation and aggressive behavior of
humans similar to the survival instincts of animals.

The study of the brain and its multiple functions continued on until an engineer at General Electric, Ned Hermann, was tasked to
determine why some individuals were more creative than others.

Brain Dominance Theory

According to the theory of left-brain or right-brain dominance, each side of the brain controls different types of thinking.
Additionally, people are said to prefer one type of thinking over the other. For example, a person who is "left-brained" is often
said to be more logical, analytical, and objective.

What is brain dominance

The lateralization of brain function refers to how some neural functions, or cognitive processes tend to be more dominant in
one hemisphere than the other. The medial longitudinal fissure separates the human brain into two distinct cerebral
hemispheres, connected by the corpus callosum.
Hermann labeled the four quadrants of the brain as:

Upper Left (A) Cerebral Mode- key words for this is ANALYTICAL

Lower Left (B) Limbic Mode Key word for this quadrant is ORGANIZED

Lower Right (C) Limbic Mode key word for this quadrant INTERPERSONAL

Upper Right (D) Limbis System-key word for this quadrant is IMAGINATIVE

Mind Mapping - Organizing information and concepts through the use of maps or diagrams has been a practice among thinkers
as early as the third century. Educators, planners, engineers, and other profestional had been using these pictorial methods
throughtout the centuries that followed.

British psychology author and consultant, Tony Buzan, who also developed the technique in creating such map, popularrized the
used of the phrasemind map.

According to Dictionary.com:

A mind map is a diagram used to represents ideas or information branching from a central key word or idea and used as an aid
in study. Organization,problem solving, decision-making, and writting.

Mind maps are useful visual tools that help in linking together concepts and information in such a way that the interconnection
and interrelation of these are clearly laid out and easily accessible to help in problem solving and for reference and
review(MindTools.com).

Mind maps are usful during brainstorming session, making decisions, organizing information, simplifying complex ideas, note-
taking and even for personal use.

According to the website www.mindmapping.com,there are five essential characteristics of mind mapping:

The center image represents the main idea, subject, or focus.

The main branches radiate from thr central image.

The branches comprises a key image or word drawn or printed on its line.

Twigs represent the lesser topics.


.The branches form a connected nodal structure.

The following sugeestions can help you draw impactful mind maps.

Use single Words or Simple Phrases - Many words in normal writting are padding, as they ensure that facts are conveyed in the
correct context, and in a format that is pleasnt to read. In mind maps, single, strong words, and short meaningful phrases can
convey the same meaning more potently. Excess words just clutter the mind map.

Print Words - Joined up or indistinct writting is more difficult to read.

Use Color to Seperate Differnt Ideas - This will help you to seperate ideas where necessary. It alse helps you visualize the mind
map for recall. Color can help to show the organization of the subject.

Use Symbols and Images - Pictures can help you to remember information more effectively than words, so if a symbol or picture
means something to you, use it.( You can use photo libraries like iStockPhoto to source images inexpensively)

Use Cross- Linkages - Information in one part a mind map may relate to another part. Here, you can draw lines to show the
cross-linkages. This helps you to see how one part of the subject affects another.

This time is devoted to school labs, studying work, commuting, and other activities involving your immediate and long-term
goals.
Committed time
Discretionary time

What is a good tool for scheduling classes, work, priorities, and due dates?
Project board
Notebook
Calendar
This time is yours to use as you please, use it for the things you value most in life.
Committed time
Discretionary time

The time you spend on activities such as eating, sleeping, bathing, exercises, and caring for your home is _________________.

Maintenance time
Family time
Managing your time consistently involves creating good study habits and getting organized. Which of the following will NOT
allow you to accomplish that?
Packing your lunch the night before
Putting your backpack at the door
Studying all night for an exam

A creative way to brainstorm, plan, and put your vision into action is to use a(an) ____________.
Mind map
Visualization
Time log

All of the following are reasons for procrastination, EXCEPT


Some people lack discipline
Some people are selfish

Your awareness of where your time goes becomes a continual habit of assessing, planning, and choosing tasks in the order of
their importance, and this leads to ___________.
Delegating
Success

What is one of the major barriers to effective time management?


Procrastination
Lack of money
Lack of time
The essence of time management is taking charge of your life and not allowing _________ to control you.

Interruptions
Distractions
Anxiety