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Prayer Book for Festivals
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Prayer Book for Festivals
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A prayer book for festival services

based on traditional and contemporary liturgical sources


with full transliteration, modern English translation,
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explanations, instructions and notes,

including services for festival eve, morning, and afternoon;


for the afternoon service before a festival
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the evening service after a festival
and for the intermediate days of Pesach and Sukkot,
including Hoshanah Rabbah
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Prepared by
The Singlish Publication Society
14140 Sherwood, Oak Park, MI 48237
248.842.5563
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singlishps@aol.com
www.singlishps.com
Copyright and Acknowledgements
Copyright (c) 2014 The Singlish Publication Society.

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, electronic or otherwise, without our express written per-
mission. But you may read and sing it to your hearts content!

Distinguished rabbis of Venice endorsed Salomone Rossis copyright when he published The Song of Songs
in 1623, threatening any Jewish person who stole or bought stolen intellectual property with:
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The decree of angels, gezerat irin
the sentence of the holy ones,
umeimar kadishin,
with the biting snake. banachash hanoshech
I am grateful to Professor Marty Herman for bringing this early copyright warning to my attention, and I hope
that anyone who is tempted to copy this work without permission will think better of it! For a copyright viola-
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tion is a bit like a snakebite: it may seem like nothing at first, but it can spread through the body and grow until
its out of control. So it is with the theft of intellectual property: by the time the author finds out its happened,
its very difficult to stop. So please, if you want to copy part of this book, ask first. Thank you.

First Edition
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ISBN 978-1-888822-46-5

For Hebrew quotations from Tanach (Hebrew Scripture), we gratefully acknowledge the dedicated work of the
J.Alan Groves Center for Advanced Biblical Research.
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Dedication
As I complete this book, I have in mind
all those who may find it helpful or useful.
I hope my efforts can remove barriers to prayer
and add to the joy of being Jewish.

And I have in mind all those who feel that their view,
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which they grasp with certainty,
is more important than another persons
comfort, security or very existence.
May they be granted uncertainty and humility
so that peace is possible and war is not.
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Table of Contents
When to Use This Book ...............................................12 Blessing for Tallit ........................................................ 68
On Jewish Prayer .........................................................13 Dawn Blessings Birchot
HaShachar ............................................................ 69
AFTERNOON SERVICE BEFORE A FESTIVAL .................17
Ashrei ...........................................................................18 May Your Wish Be Yehi Ratzon............ 72
Ruler of Every World
AMIDAH ............................................................................20 Ribon Kol Haolamim .......................................... 73
Opening Blessings .......................................................20 But We Are Your People
Central Blessings .........................................................24
Aval Anachnu Amcha .......................................... 74
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Closing Blessings .........................................................29
Its You Atah Hu.................................. 76
Personal Prayer ............................................................31
Rabbinic Texts............................................................. 78
Our Duty Aleinu ...........................................33
Interpreting Torah ....................................................... 83
FESTIVAL EVENING SERVICE .........................................37 May This Be Yehi Ratzon ...................... 85
May This Be Yehi Ratzon ...................... 85
SHEMA AND ITS BLESSINGS ............................................38
Daily Psalms................................................................ 86
Call to Prayer ...................................................38
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First Blessing Before Shema ........................................38 POEMS AND SONGS........................................................ 100
Second Blessing Before Shema ...................................39 Blessed Is the One Who Spoke
Shema (First Paragraph)...............................................40 Baruch Sheamar ................................................ 100
Shema (Second Paragraph) ..........................................41 I Chronicles 16:8-36 .................................................. 101
Shema (Third Pragraph) ...............................................43 Additional Psalm Verses ........................................... 104
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First Blessing after Shema ...........................................44 Psalm 100 .................................................................. 106
Second Blessing After Shema ......................................46 Psalm 19 .................................................................... 107
This Day in Torah ........................................................46 Psalm 34 .................................................................... 109
EVENING AMIDAH ...........................................................47 Psalm 90 .................................................................... 111
Festival Intermediate Days...........................................47 Psalm 91 .................................................................... 113
Festival Holy Days.......................................................47 Psalm 135 .................................................................. 115
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Psalm 136 .................................................................. 117
KIDDUSH FOR FESTIVALS ...............................................57 Psalm 33 .................................................................... 119
Farewell to Shabbat Havdalah ...................58 Psalm 92 .................................................................... 121
Shehecheyanu ..............................................................59 Psalm 93 .................................................................... 123
Sukkah .........................................................................59 Let Gods Glory Yehi Chevod............. 124
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Psalm 145 Ashrei....................................... 126
OUR DUTY ALEINU..........................................60
Psalm 146 .................................................................. 128
BE GREAT YIGDAL ............................................63 Psalm 147 .................................................................. 129
Psalm 148 .................................................................. 131
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COUNTING THE OMER Psalm 149 .................................................................. 133
SEFIRAT HAOMER..................................................64 Psalm 150 .................................................................. 134
Opening Meditation .....................................................64 I Chron. 29:10-13 ...................................................... 135
The Days of the Omer ..................................................64 Nehemiah 9:6-11 ....................................................... 136
Closing Meditation.......................................................65 The Song of the Sea Shirat
Hayam ................................................................ 138
FESTIVAL MORNING SERVICE .......................................67
The Life Force Nishmat............................ 142
DAWN BLESSINGS ............................................................68 May Your Name Be Praised
How Fair Mah Tovu .................................68 Yishtabach Shimcha ........................................... 147
SHEMA AND ITS BLESSINGS ......................................... 148 TORAH SERVICE FOR FESTIVAL HOLY DAYS ............ 205
Call to Prayer Barchu .................................148
TAKING OUT THE SCROLL
First Blessing Before Shema ......................................148
Second Blessing Before Shema .................................152 HOTZAAT SEFER HATORAH .............. 206
Shema (First Paragraph).............................................154 Berich Shemei ..................................... 207
Shema (Second Paragraph) ........................................155 Removing the Scroll .................................................. 209
Shema (Third Pragraph) .............................................157
TORAH BLESSINGS BIRCHOT
Blessing after Shema..................................................158
HATORAH .............................................................. 212
FESTIVAL MORNING AMIDAH ..................................... 163 Blessings for Torah Honorees Mi
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MORNING AMIDAH FOR FESTIVAL Sheberach ........................................................... 213
INTERMEDIATE DAYS ............................................ 163 Prayer for Healing ..................................................... 214
Opening Blessings......................................................163 Thanks after Peril Birkat
Central Blessings .......................................................167 HaGomel ............................................................ 215
Closing Blessings .......................................................172 Raising the Scroll Hagbah....................... 215
Blessing Before the Haftarah..................................... 216
MORNING AMIDAH FOR FESTIVAL HOLY DAYS ........ 181 Blessings after the Haftarah....................................... 217
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1. Ancestors Avot ....181 Prayer for Our Country.............................................. 220
2. Might Gevurot .....................................182 Prayer for U.S. Armed Forces ................................... 220
3a. Holiness
Responsive Kedushah .........183 Prayer for Israel ......................................................... 220
3c. Holiness Individual Kedushah ...........184 Prayer for Israels Defence Forces ............................ 221
Ashrei (Psalm 145) ...................................... 222
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4. Holiness of This Day
Kedushat Hayom.................................................185 RETURNING THE TORAH
5. Temple Service Avodah .......................188 HACHNASAT SEFER HATORAH ......................... 224
6a. Thanksgiving Modim ..........................188 Psalm 24 .................................................................... 224
6b. Teachers Thanksgiving When The Ark Rested
Modim Derabbanan ...........................................189 Uvenucho Yomar ............................................... 226
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7. Peace Shalom .........................................190
TORAH SERVICE FOR FESTIVAL INTERMEDIATE
Personal Prayer ..........................................................191 DAYS....................................................................... 227
HALLEL .......................................................................... 193 Taking out the Scroll
Psalm 113 ...................................................................193 Hotzaat Sefer HaTorah...................................... 228
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Psalm 114 ...................................................................194 Torah Blessings Birchot
Psalm 115: 1-11 .........................................................196 HaTorah.............................................................. 232
Psalm 115: 12-18 .......................................................197 Raising the Scroll Hagbah....................... 236
Psalm 116: 1-11 .........................................................197 Ashrei (Psalm 145) ...................................... 240
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Psalm 116: 12-19 .......................................................198
Help Is Coming! Uva
Psalm 117 ...................................................................199
Psalm 118: 1-4 ...........................................................199 LeTziyon Goel .................................................. 242
Psalm 118: 5-20 .........................................................200 FESTIVAL MUSAF SERVICE ......................................... 247
Psalm 118: 21-24 .......................................................201
Psalm 118: 25.............................................................202 MUSAF AMIDAH ............................................................ 248
Psalm 118: 26-29 .......................................................202 1. Ancestors Avot .... 248
Final Blessing.............................................................203 2. Might Gevurot .................................... 249
3. Holiness ................................................................. 250
4. Holiness of This Day Psalm 27 .................................................................... 342
Kedushat Hayom.................................................254
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL .............................................. 345
5. Temple Service Avodah .......................265 Pesach Poems ............................................................ 346
6. We Give Thanks Modim.......................265 I Preface the Words Akdamut
7. Peace Shalom .........................................268 Millin.................................................................. 352
Personal Prayers .........................................................269 Prayer for Rain Geshem .................. 359
CONCLUDING PRAYERS FOR FESTIVAL HOLY Prayer for Dew Tal ............................ 362
DAYS ...................................................................... 271
PRIESTS BLESSING BIRCAT
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No God Like You Ein
KOHANIM ............................................................... 364
Keloheinu............................................................271
Talmud Study .............................................................272 KADDISH ........................................................................ 368
Our Duty Aleinu .........................................273 Half Kaddish Chatzi Kadish.............. 368
Eternal Sovereign Adon Olam ..........276 Full Kaddish Kadish Shalem ........... 369
Mourners Kaddish Kadish
FESTIVAL AFTERNOON SERVICE ................................ 277
Yatom ................................................................. 371
Psalm 145 Ashrei .......................................278
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Teachers Kaddish Kadish
Help Is Coming! Uva
DeRabanan ......................................................... 373
LeTziyon Goel ...................................................280
HOSHANOT ............................................... 375
AFTERNOON AMIDAH FOR FESTIVAL HOLY DAYS ... 285
1. Lemaan Amitach ......................... 376
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AFTERNOON AMIDAH FOR INTERMEDIATE DAYS ..... 296 2. Even Shetiyah ................................. 377
Opening Blessings .....................................................296 3. Om Ani Chomah ..................... 378
Central Blessings .......................................................300
4. Adon Hamoshiah ..................... 379
Closing Blessings .......................................................305
Personal Prayer ..........................................................308 5. Adam Uvehemah ......................... 380
Our Duty Aleinu .........................................310 6. Adamah Meerer ......................... 381
7. Lemaan Eitan ................................ 382
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EVENING SERVICE AFTER A FESTIVAL ..................... 313
8. Om Netzura .................................... 385
SHEMA AND ITS BLESSINGS ......................................... 314 9. Eeroch Shui .................................. 387
Call to Prayer Barchu .................................314 10. El Lemoshaot .......................... 388
First Blessing Before Shema ......................................314 11. Titnenu Leshem Velithilah
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Second Blessing Before Shema .................................315 ............................................................. 389
Shema (First Paragraph).............................................316
12. Kehoshata Elim ..................... 391
Shema (Second Paragraph) ........................................317
Shema (Third Paragraph) ...........................................319 13. Taaneh Emunim .................... 394
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First Blessing After Shema ........................................320 14. Ometz Yeshacha .......................... 398
Second Blessing After Shema ....................................322 15. Kehoshata Adam .................... 402
Third Blessing After Shema .......................................323
THE TORAH PARTY SIMCHAT
EVENING SILENT AMIDAH ........................................... 326 TORAH .................................................................... 408
Opening Blessings .....................................................326 Opening the Ark Petichat
Central Blessings .......................................................328 HaAron ............................................................... 408
Closing Blessings .......................................................333 Chatan Torah and Chatan Bereshit ............................ 411
Farewell to the Festival Havdalah ...........338
Our Duty Aleinu .........................................339
Bridegroom of the Torah Chatan AFTERWORD ................................................................. 430
Torah ...................................................................412 More Thanks ............................................................. 430
Bridegroom of the Creation Story A Practical Book ....................................................... 430
Chatan Bereshit ................................415 Egalitarian, Non-Sexist ............................................. 430
Why Is the Translation Like That? ............................ 431
MEMORIAL SERVICE .................................................... 419 Translation and Typography...................................... 431
Selections from Scripture ...........................................419 Pronunciation ............................................................ 432
May God Remember Yizkor ........................420 Jewish Prayer............................................................. 432
Compassionate God El The Tissue of Quotations........................................... 432
My Hope, My Fear .................................................... 432
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Malei Rachamim .................................................421
Psalm 23 .....................................................................423 BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................. 433
NOTES ............................................................................ 424
Aleinu.........................................................................424
Prayer Responses .......................................................425
First Blessing of the Amidah......................................426
Dawn Blessings..........................................................427
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When to Use This Book
This book is for festivalsthe holy days of Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot, and the intermediate days of Pesach
and Sukkot, including Hoshanah Rabbah. However, this book is not for Shabbat: the service for festivals that
fall on Shabbat is in our Shabbat book.
Whats the difference in services on intermediate days and holy days? Holy days have a different amidah, a
more elaborate set of morning readings, and an extended Torah service. The intermediate days use weekday
versions of these three parts of the service, except for Hoshanah Rabbah. However, both holy days and inter-
mediate days add Hallel, a musaf service and Hoshanot on Sukkot. The holy and intermediate days are closer
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than we often think.
This book also includes services before and after festivals.
Our liturgy includes several poems for festivals, and those are included in this book: Brach Dodi and the
Prayer for Dew on Pesach; Akdamut Millin for Shavuot; the Prayer for Rain and Hoshanot for Sukkot, and the
poems for calling up the chief honorees for Simchat Torah. Admittedly, the mountain of Hebrew liturgical poet-
ry is a tall one to scale. Some readers will wish we had climbed higher, but I hope our selection of festival poet-
ry will be enough for most.
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On Jewish Prayer
The good things about Jewish prayer were expressed by George Eliot in her wonderful book, Daniel Deronda.
Of all nineteenth-century novels, Russian or English (the French arent in the running, not that Im prejudiced),
this is the best. Some scholars would disagree, but that just goes to show how learned people can be wrong.
Before he finds out about his ancestry, Danielmay our daughters marry someone so compassionate, so
learned, so correct, so independently wealthyfinds himself in Shul on a Friday night.
Derondagave himself up to that strongest effect of chanted liturgies which is independent
of detailed verbal meaninglike the effect of an Allegris Miserere or a Palestrinas Mag-
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nificat. The most powerful movement of feeling with a liturgy is the prayer which seeks for
nothing special, but is a yearning to escape from the limitations of our own weakness and
an invocation of all Good to enter and abide with us; or else a self-oblivious lifting up of
Gladness, a Gloria in excelsis that such Good exists; both the yearning and the exaltation
gathering in their utmost force from the sense of communion in a form which has expressed
them both, for long generations of struggling fellow-men. The Hebrew liturgy, like others,
has its transitions of litany, lyric, proclamation, dry statement and blessing; but this evening
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all were one for Deronda: the chant of the Chazans or Readers grand wide-ranging voice
with its passage from monotony to sudden cries, the outburst of sweet boys voices from the
little choir, the devotional swaying of mens bodies backward and forward, the very com-
monness of the building and shabbiness of the scene where a national faith, which had pen-
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etrated the thinking of half the world, and moulded the splendid forms of that worlds reli-
gion, was finding a remote, obscure echoall were blent for him as one expression of a
binding history, tragic and yet glorious. He wondered at the strength of his own feeling, it
seemed beyond the occasionwhat one might imagine to be a divine influx in the dark-
ness, before there was any vision to interpret. The whole scene was a coherent strain, its
burden a passionate regret, which, if he had known the liturgy for the Day of Reconcilia-
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tion, he might have clad in its authentic burden; Happy the eye which saw all these things;
but verily to hear only of them afflicts our soul. Happy the eye that saw our temple and the
joys of our congregation; but verily to hear only of them afflicts our soul. Happy the eye
that saw the fingers when tuning every kind of song; but verily to hear only of them afflicts
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our soul.1
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Daniel Deronda (London: Panther, 1970), pp. 337-8. First published in 1876 (before Herzl!), the book is an
articulate expression of Zionist fervor.
Pattern and Purpose in Jewish Prayer
Our Obligation
In our Torah, prayers are usually composed for a particular occasion. Abrahams servant Eliezer asked God to
help him find a good match for Isaac, and Rivkah came out to the well. Isaac asked God to help Rivkah, and
she became pregnant. Moses asked God to heal Miriam. The Torah doesnt describe daily prayers. Instead, for
daily devotion, the Torah describes a system of sacrifices. But with the Temple gone and the sacrificial service
irrecoverable1 we follow the lead of Hosea in using prayer instead:
Hosea 14:3
what we owe you in sacrificial bulls we uneshalmah farim sefateinu.
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shall pay with the prayers of our lips.
Thats one reason we have daily services.
In the Temple, we offered a morning and afternoon sacrifice, and an extra sacrifice on special days such as
Shabbat. Our tradition understood that we should say the Shema both morning and evening (when you go to
bed and when you get up), so we added an evening service too. Thats why we have services in the morning,
afternoon and evening, with an extra Musaf service on Shabbat, festivals and Rosh Chodesh.
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Elements of Our Prayers
The two main parts of our prayer services are the Shema and what the Talmud calls the prayer, the amidah.
We say the Shema and amidah in the morning; amidah in the afternoon; and Shema and amidah in the evening.
A musaf service follows the morning service.
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We read from the Torah after the morning amidah on Monday and Thursday, Shabbat, festivals and Rosh
Chodesh. We read from the Torah in the afternoon on Shabbat and fast days.
When we perform an obligation, we say a blessing. Since saying the Shema is an obligation, we introduce it
and follow it with blessings. The amidah consists of seven blessings on Shabbat, nineteen on weekdays; the
afternoon service before Shabbat and the evening service after Shabbat are weekday services.
A short blessing begins with the words: We bless you, God / / Baruch atah Adonai. For long-
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er blessings, these words come close to the end. And for even longer blessings, these words come at the begin-
ning and close to the end.
Prayer is speaking to God, and our tradition holds that we should take time to get in the right frame of mind
for an audience with our creator. This is especially true for the morning service, which begins with two sections
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of preparation, Dawn Blessings and readings from poems (mostly psalms) in scripture. Many of our prayers
quote scriptureour religions history, theology, philosophy and poetry.
To end a service, we may add hymns, psalms and other readings, and we always add Aleinu.
So heres what to expect in our festival services:
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You need a ritually pure Cohen, and for this you need the ashes of a red heifer. Who knows, though, if some
yet-to-be-discovered tunnel or cave hewed into the Jerusalem bedrock contains a vial of these ashes?
Dawn Poetry Shema Amidah Torah
Afternoon Before
Evening
Morning
Additional
Afternoon
Evening After
The Amidah
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Every amidah has the same underlying structure. Three blessings come at the beginning and three at the end,
with one or more in the middle. The beginning blessings celebrate Gods relationship with our ancestors, Gods
power and Gods holiness. The concluding blessings offer thanks, hope that our service is acceptable, and ask
for peace. In the middle, we say thirteen blessings on weekdays, with various petitions for individuals and the
community, and this holds for morning, afternoon and evening services. (At one time we said only twelve of
these blessings for a total of eighteenthe amidah is still called the shemoneh esreh or eighteenand
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experts differ on which blessing was added last.) On Shabbat and festivals, there is one blessing in the middle,
dealing with the particular holiness of this special day. These days and Rosh Chodesh have an additional ami-
dah, in which the middle blessing mentions the Temple sacrifices of the day. On Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kip-
pur we add poetry to the early blessings, and the Rosh Hashanah additional amidah has extra middle blessings.
We extend standard blessings to celebrate Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah and Purim, Yom Haatzmaut and Yom
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Yerushalayim. But despite these variations, a standard pattern underlies every amidah.
When the leader repeats the amidahin morning, additional and afternoon serviceswe extend the third
blessing so that we can aspire to join the heavenly chorus of angels praising God; and we add personal thanks
to the thanksgiving blessingthe penultimate blessing of the amidah.
Purpose of Prayer
Sometimes we pray for something, as Moses prayed for Miriam to recover her health, but our daily prayer rou-
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tine repeats the same petitions day after day. Does this have a purpose?
Many people would say that a genuine lover says I love you merely to state a truth, not to earn some re-
ward. When we speak to God, if we wish to express our love and gratitude, our liturgywords worn smooth by
time and traditionhelps us to speak these thoughts. When we ask God for help, our prayers are in the plural:
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we ask for a better society in which to pursue our individual destiny. Sometimes our prayers remind us what we
can do to improve our world.
Its hard to think that prayers will change Gods plan, so its easier to think that our prayers will change us
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instead, giving us the perspective to view life with equanimity and joy, even in adversity, to find a blessing even
when our superficial wish is thwarted. Sometimes we pray for something specific, even trivial, and such prayers
can express a wishbeyond language or conscious thoughtfor serenity and trust in the future.
Not everyone has a constant sense of Gods presence, and some (I suppose Im not the only one) feel that
daily exercise of our capacity for prayer prepares us for those times when God seems closeas if daily prayer
is building a dwelling which Gods presence will one day come to inhabit.
For those whose lives are driven by purpose, perhaps prayer is their only disinterested activity, the only one
which satisfies no urge, meets no goal, brings no rewardthe only time when we can realize that were evanes-
cent bubbles on the cosmic oceans swell, and all that we cherish and struggle to achieve will one day be gone.
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Afternoon Service Before a Festival

Afternoon Service Before a Festival


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Before a festival begins, we say the weekday afternoon service. The afternoon service recalls the afternoon
sacrifice from Temple times, and its heart is the amidah, said each weekday morning, afternoon and evening.
The three blessings which begin, and the three blessings which end this amidah are like those of every other
amidah. The weekday amidah has thirteen central blessings of personal and communal thanks and petition.
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Before the amidah, we say Ashreipsalm 145. We say this psalm three times a day, following advice from
the Talmud (B.T. Berachot 4b), twice in the morning service and again for the afternoon service.
After the amidah, we finish with Aleinu and Mourners Kaddish.
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_____________________________________ Ashrei _____________________________________
Ps 84:5
Happy are they who live with you;
Ashrei yoshvei veitecha;
Forever they will praise you. Od yehalelucha selah.
Ps 144:15
Happy is such a people; Ashrei haam shekachah lo;
Happy are they whose God is the Ruler. Ashrei haam sheAdonai Elohav.

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Davids praise: Tehilah leDavid:
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Acclaim Ill give my sovereign, God,
Aromimcha Elohai hamelech,
And Ill bless your name forever. Vaavarcha shimcha leolam vaed.
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Blessing to you each day Ill bring, Bechol yom avarcheka,
Ill praise your name forever. Vaahalela shimcha leolam vaed.
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Great is God and greatly praised,
Gadol Adonai umhulal meod,
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Great beyond all probing.
Veligdulato ein cheker.
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Deeds of yours praise every age; Dor ledor yeshabach maasecha,
Your mighty acts they ever speak Ugevurotecha yagidu.
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Hailing the glory of your power,

Hadar kevod hodecha
In words your wonders stating, Vedivrei nifleotecha asicha.
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Voicing your awesome power,
Veezuz norotecha yomeru,
Your greatness, too, relating; Ugdulatcha asaprena.
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Zealously recalling your great good,
Zecher rav tuvcha yabiu
In your righteousness delighting. Vetzidkatcha yeranenu.
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Charitable and caring is God, Chanun verachum Adonai,
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Patient and most gracious. Erech apayim ugdol chased.
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To all creatures God is good, Tov Adonai lakol,
And mercy informs all Gods work. Verachamav al kol maasav.
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Your creatures all will know you, God, Yoducha Adonai kol maasecha,
And your followers will bless you.
Vachasidecha yevarchucha.
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Kingdoms glory they will tell,
Kevod malchutcha yomeru,
And your power they will speak.

Ugvuratcha yedaberu.

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And for Gods greatness there is no probing/examination.
19 Amidah

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Let children sense your power well
Lehodia livnei haadam gevurotav
And glory, your kingdoms splendor;
Uchevod hadar malchuto.
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Monarchy is yours in every world,
Malchutcha malchut kol olamim,
And government in every age and time; Umemshaltecha bechol dor vador.
14
Supporting all who fall Somech Adonai lechol hanoflim,
And bracing those who are bent over.
Vezokef lechol hakfufim.
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In hope all eyes are on you, Einei chol elecha yesaberu,
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And you give them their food in its time, Veata noten lahem et ochlam beito.
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Presenting your open hand Poteach et yadecha,
And filling every creatures wish. 1
Umasbiah lechol chai ratzon.
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True is God in every way
Tzadik Adonai bechol derachav,
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And loving in all deeds. Vechasid bechol maasav.
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Close is God to those who call, Karov Adonai lechol korav,
To all who call on God sincerely. Lechol asher yikrauhu veemet.
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Respect God, and your wish comes true;
Retzon yereav yaaseh,
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God hears your cry and saves you,4
Veet shavatam yishma veyoshiem.
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Sheltering those who love God Shomer Adonai et kol ohavav,
And destroying all the wicked. Veet kol harshaim yashmid.
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Tribute to God my mouth shall deliver;
Tehillat Adonai yedaber pi,
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And let all creatures bless Vivarech kol basar
Gods holy name forever. shem kodsho leolam vaed.
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Ps 115:18
And as for us, well bless God Vaanachnu nevarech Yah
From now and forever: Halleluyah! Meata vead olam Halleluyah!
The leader leads Half Kaddish, page 368.
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This verse is one of the reasons the Talmud finds Ashrei so very important (B.T. Ber. 4b).
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I used the plain translation true for tzadik (righteous); few English words begin with the tz/ts sound.
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In all Gods ways.
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The wish of those who respect God, God performs; and their cry God will hear, and God will save them.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 20

Amidah
We rise and take three steps back and three forward.
With feet together, we say the amidah (standing prayer) quietly. When the prayer leader chants aloud, we
respond with the words in gray.1 Words added to honor the Matriarchs easy to skip if you wish.

The two lines below introduce our silent prayer.


Ps 51:17
Ruler, just open my lips
Adonai sefatai tiftach,
and my mouth will declare your praise.
ufi yagid tehilatecha.
SP
Opening Blessings
__________________________ 1. Ancestors Avot __________________________
We bless you, God, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
S
our God Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak,
Sa
and God of Jacob, vElohei Yaakov

the God who is great, haEl hagadol


powerful and awesome, God on high; hagibor vehanorah, El elyon,
m
pl
e
1
Sometimes a congregation does a heiche (or hoiche) kedushahYiddish meaning kedushah out loud. The
prayer leader leads the congregation through kedushah; for minchah, the congregation then returns to the first
blessing (Ancestors / )
and recites the entire Amidah.
We bow four times in the Amidah: at the beginning and end of the first blessing (Ancestors / )and penul-
timate blessing (Thanksgiving / ) . Three times we bend the knees at baruch, bow at atah and straight-
en up at Adonai; at the beginning of the Thanksgiving blessing, we bow without bending the knees. Icons in
the text are reminders to bend the knees, w, to bow from the waist, v, and to stand up, u.
A note on page 426 describes sources for the first blessing of the Amidah.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


21 Amidah

Good deeds of kindness you reward gomel chasadim tovim


For everything is in your power vekoneh hakol,
Our parents kind deeds you record vezocher chasdei avot ,
And rescue their posterity umevi goel livnei veneihem,
To show your love and honesty.1 lemaan shemo beahavah.
Sovereign, helper, savior, shield. Melech ozer umoshia umagen.
We bless you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai,
SP
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
Abrahams protector . magen Avraham .
Amen
____________________________________ 2. Might Gevurot ____________________________________
S
You are mighty forever, God, Atah gibor leolam Adonai,
you bring life to the dead mechayeh metim atah
and are strong in salvation rav lehoshiah
From the second day of Pesach until Shemini Atzeret, some add:
Sa
you make the dew fall. Morid hatal.
On the day before Pesach, add:
you make wind blow and rain fall.3 Mashiv haruach umorid hageshem.
You feed the living with your grace, Mechalkel chayim bechesed,
Revive the dead with kind embrace,4 mechayeh metim berachamim rabim.
m
Support the fallen, heal the sick, Somech noflim verofeh cholim
And set the prisoners free, umatir asurim,
And faithfully fulfill your trust umkayem emunato
pl
For people who sleep in the dust.
lishenei afar.
e
1
Who rewards good, kind deeds and owns everything, who remembers the good deeds of our ancestors, and
who is bringing a redeemer to their childrens children, for the sake of Gods name (i.e., to maintain Gods repu-
tationhence, to prove Gods honesty), with love.
3
Especially in winter, when nature seems dormant, we note that the cycle of seasons will bring a new spring
and reassure ourselves that the promise of resurrectionhowever we understand itcan surely be fulfilled.
4
Kind embrace is literally abundant mercies.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 22

Who is like you, who can appear Mi chamocha baal gevurot,


Like you, sovereign of power? umi domeh lach,
Ruler, both death and life you bring;
melech memit umchayeh
You make salvation flower. umatzmiach yeshuah.
To bring the dead to life, O you Veneeman ata
Are firm, reliable, and true. lehachayot metim.
We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
SP
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who revives the dead.1 mechayeh hametim. Amen

The third blessing has two versions. One is responsive, led by the prayer leader;
for individual silent prayer, continue with 3b on page 23.
S
____________________________ 3a. Holiness Responsive Kedushah ____________________________
We include the responsive Kedushah when the prayer leader repeats the amidah or leads a heiche kedushah.
The congregation begins, and the prayer leader repeats.
Recite the Kedushah with feet together, rising on the toes for each of the following words:
Sa
Kadosh, kadosh kadosh, Baruch (Kevod), and Yimloch.
We shall make your name holy in the world, - Nekadesh et shimcha baolam,
as the angels make it holy keshem shemakdishim oto
in heavens above; bishmei marom;
for your prophet Isaiah wrote, kakatuv al yad neviecha,

m
Bow left, then right for zeh el zeh:
Isaiah 6:3
And one called to the other, and said: y v Vekarah vzeh el yzeh veamar.
Congregation and prayer leader:
Isaiah 6:3
Holy, holy, holy is God of hosts; Kadosh kadosh kadosh Adonai tzevaot
pl
Gods glory fills the universe. melo chol haaretz kevodo.
Congregation, then leader (based on Ezekiel 3:12)
The angels who face them say, Blessed. leumatam Baruch yomeru.
e
Congregation and prayer leader:
Ezek 3:12
Blessed is Gods glory Baruch kevod Adonai
flowing from its source. mimkomo.

1
This could mean: God wakens dead sinners to a life of faith; God grants an afterlife; God will revive dead
bodies in the future; God breeds life out of death and decomposition, like mushrooms growing on a rotting log.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


23 Amidah

Congregation, then leader:


And in your holy writings, this is written: Uvedivrei kodshecha katuv lemor:
Congregation and prayer leader:
Ps 146:10
God will reign forever, Yimloch Adonai leolam,
Your God, Zion, Elohayich, Tziyon,
from age to age: Halleluyah. ledor vador: Halleluyah.
The leader concludes:1
SP
From age to age, your greatness we proclaim, Ledor vador nagid godlecha
Hallow your holiness ulnetzach netzachim
for endless time. kedushatcha nakdish.
Your praise shall Veshivchacha Eloheinu
never, never leave our lips, mipinu lo yamush leolam vaed.
S
God, great and holy sovereign. Ki El melech gadol vakadosh atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the holy God. haEl hakadosh. Amen
Sa
During the repetition, continue with blessing 4, Atah Chonen, on page 24.
Individual Kedushah _____________________________
_____________________________ 3b. Holiness
You are holy, your name is holy Atah kadosh veshimcha kadosh,
and every day the holy ones - ukedoshim bechol yom
m
praise you, selah! yehalelucha selah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
the holy God. haEl hakadosh.
pl
e

1
Some say that during a heiche kedushah, while the leader concludes with Ledor vador, the congregation
should recite the short Holiness blessing (3b) and then continue the Amidah.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 24

The leader continues here.


Central Blessings
4. We thank God for our intellectual abilities, knowledge and understanding.
You grace humankind with knowledge Atah chonen leadam daat
and teach people wisdom. umelamed leenosh binah.
Grant us from yourself Choneinu meitcha
knowledge, understanding and wisdom. deah, binah, vehaskel.
SP
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who grants knowledge. chonein hadaat. Amen
5. Bring us back to you, God.
Source of life, bring us back to your Torah; Hashivenu avinu leToratecha
S
O Ruler, bring us close to serve you, vekarvenu malkenu laavodatecha,
and bring us back vehachazirenu
in full repentance before you. bitshuvah shelemah lefanecha;
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai
Sa
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who cherishes repentance. harotzeh bitshuvah. Amen

6. Pardon our sins.
We strike our chest for chatanu (we have sinned) and fashanu (we have transgressed).
Forgive us, source of life, Selach lanu, avinu,
m
for we have sinned; ki chatanu;
pardon us, ruler, mechal lanu, malkenu,
for we have transgressed, ki fashanu,
pl
for you forgive and grant pardons. ki mochel vesoleach atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
gracious and liberal in forgiveness. chanun hamarbeh lisloach. Amen

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


25 Amidah

7. Save us from our troubles.


Look on our misery, plead our cause, Reei nah veonyenu verivah rivenu,
and save us soon for your reputation, ugealenu meherah lemaan shemecha,
for you are a powerful savior. ki goel chazak atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who saves Israel. goel Yisrael. Amen
SP
8. Heal and save us.
Heal us, Ruler, and we will be healed; Refaenu, Adonai, venerafeh;
save us, and we will be saved hoshienu venivasheiah
for you are our praise. ki tehilatenu atah,
And bring full healing vehaaleh refuah shelemah
S
for all our maladies, lechol makoteinu,
-
A private prayer for someone who is ill can be added here.
May your wish be vihi ratzon milfanecha,

O Ruler our God, Adonai Eloheinu
Sa
our ancestors God vElohei avoteinu ,
to quickly send shetishlach meherah
complete healing from above, refuah shelema min hashamayim,
healing of spirit and of body, for refuat hanefesh urefuat haguf, le
1
m
____ child of _____, _____ /_____ _____ ben/bat_____,
and all sick people in our community.2 betoch shear cholei Yisrael.
for you are God, ruler, healer, ki El, melech, rofeh,
faithful and merciful. neeman verachaman atah.
pl
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
healing the sick of your people Israel. rofeh cholei amo Yisrael. Amen

1
Insert the mothers name, if known.
2
Among the rest of the sick people in Israel (i.e., the Jewish community).

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 26

9. Grant us a good year.


Ruling God, bless for us Barech aleinu Adonai Eloheinu
this year - et hashanah hazot
and all its kinds of produce, for good,
- veet kol minei tevuatah, letovah,
and grant blessing veten berachah
on the face of the earth, al penei haadamah,
and satisfy us from its goodness vesabeinu mituvah
SP
and bless our year like the best years. uvarech shenatenu kashanim hatovot.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who blesses the years. mevarech hashanim. Amen
10. Gather our exiles.
S
Sound the great shofar for our freedom,
Teka beshofar gadol lecherutenu
raise a banner to gather our exiles, vesa nes lekabetz galuyoteinu
and gather us together vekabtzeinu yachad
from the four corners of the earth. mearbah kanfot haaretz.
Sa
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
gathering your dispersed people, Israel. mekabetz nidchei amo Yisrael. Amen

11. Restore justice, that we may be ruled by God alone.
m
Restore our judges as at first Hashivah shofteinu kevarishonah,
and our advisors as in the beginning,1 veyoatzeinu kevatchilah
take away our sorrow and sighing vehaser mimenu yagon vaanacha,
and rule us, Godyou alone umeloch aleinu atah Adonai levadcha
pl
with kindness and mercy, bechesed uverachamim,
and make us right through judgment. vetzadkeinu bamishpat.
e
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo

1
We pray to see Isaiahs prophecy (1:26) fulfilled: Veashivah shoftayich kevarishonah veyoatzayich kev-
/ I will restore your judges as at first and your advisors as in the
atchilah /
beginning.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


27 Amidah

ruler who loves melech ohev


righteousness and justice.
tzedakah umishpat. Amen
12. Let evil people meet their fate.
For slanderers, let there be no hope, Velamalshinim al tehi tikvah,
and all wickedness - vechol harishah
may it perish in an instant, kerega toved,
and all your peoples enemies, - vechol oyvei amcha
SP
may they soon be cut down! meherah yikaretu.
And the arrogant people Vehazedim
may you soon uproot and crush them, meherah teaker uteshaber
cast them down and humble them, utemager vetachnia
quickly and in our time! bimherah veyameinu!
S
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah, Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who destroys foes shover oyvim
Sa
and humbles the arrogant. umachnia zedim. Amen
13. But let the righteous enjoy their reward.
For the righteous and devout Al hatzadikim veal hachasidim
and the elders of your people veal ziknei amcha
the Jewish community, beit Yisrael
m
for the remnant of their scholars, veal pleitat sofreihem
for the righteous converts and for us veal gerei hatzedek vealeinu
let your mercies be stirred, yehemu nah rachamecha,
pl
O Ruler, our God, Adonai Eloheinu,
and grant a good reward to all veten sachar tov lechol
who rely on your reputation sincerely, habotchim beshimcha beemet
e
and put our lot with them forever vesim chelkenu imahem leolam
we wont be ashamed, for we trust you. velo nevosh, ki vecha batachnu.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name!. Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the support and trust of the righteous mishan umivtach latzadikim. Amen

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 28

14. And let Jerusalem be restored.


And to Jerusalem your city
Velirushalayim ircha
return in mercy, berachamim tashuv,
stay there as you promised, vetishkon betochah kaasher dibarta,
and build it soon, in our days, uveneh otah bekarov beyameinu,
a structure to last forever; binyan olam;
and Davids throne vechiseh David
SP
set it there soon. mehera letochah tachin.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who builds Jerusalem. boneh Yerushalayim. Amen

15. Let the Messiah come Davids descendant.
S
The flower of your servant David - Et tzemach David avdecha
hurry to make it bloom, meherah tatzmiach,
and in your salvation raise his horn: vekarno tarum bishuatecha,
weve waited all day for your salvation! - ki lishuatcha kivinu kol hayom!
Sa
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who makes the horn of salvation flourish. matzmiach keren yeshuah. Amen
16. Hear our prayers.
m
Hear our voice, Sovereign God, Shema kolenu, Adonai Eloheinu,
pity us and be merciful to us, chus verachem aleinu,
and with mercy and favor accept vekabel berachamim uveratzon
our prayer, - et tefilatenu,
pl
for you are a God who listens to ki El shomeah
prayers and petitions. tefilot vetachanunim atah;
e
Dont turn us away from you emptyhanded, umilfanecha malkenu reikam
O Ruler, al teshiveinu,
because you listen to ki atah shomeah
your people Israels prayer in mercy. tefilat amcha Yisrael berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who listens to prayer. shomeah tefilah. Amen
Prayer | Scripture | Torah |
29 Amidah

Closing Blessings
________________________________ 1. Temple Service Avodah ________________________________
Sovereign God, take delight Retze Adonai Eloheinu
in your people Israel and in their prayer; beamcha Yisrael uvitfilatam,
restore the Temple service vehashev et haavodah
to the sanctuary of your house; lidvir beitecha,
1
as for Israels fires and their prayer veishei Yisrael utefilatam
SP

accept them with love and delight; beahavah tekabel beratzon,
and may you always enjoy2 utehi leratzon tamid
the worship of your people Israel. avodat Yisrael amecha.
And may our eyes witness Vetechezena eineinu
S
your return to Zion, in mercy. beshuvcha leTziyon berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
you return your presence to Zion. hamachazir shechinato leTziyon. Amen
Sa
_________________________________ 2a. Thanksgiving Modim _________________________________
We thank you, v yModim anachnu lach
because you are the Ruler, our God, u shaatah huuAdonai Elohenu
God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
m
forever. leolam vaed.
The one sure thing in our lives, Tzur chayenu,
the shield of our salvation magen yishenu,
pl
that is you, from age to age! ata hu ledor vador.
We thank you and declare your praise Nodeh lecha unesaper tehilatecha
For our lives, which in your hand you hold, al chayenu hamsurim beyadecha,
e
Our souls, which in your care are told; veal nishmoteinu hapekudot lach,
Your miracles, with us every day, - veal nisecha shebchol yom imanu,

1
Include the shaded words if you favor the restoration of the sacrificial system.
2
And may it be to your liking forever

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 30

Your wonders and abundant boons, veal nifleotecha vetovotecha,


With us evening, morn, and noon. shebechol et, erev vavoker vetzohorayim.
Your mercies never end; the one Hatov ki lo chalu rachamecha,
All good and merciful and blessed, vehamrachem
Whose kindnesses are never done. ki lo tamu chasadecha,
In you our hopes forever rest. meolam kivinu lach.
SP
___________________ 2b. Teachers Thanksgiving Modim
Derabbanan ___________________
When the leader repeats the amidah and says the Thanksgiving blessing, the congregation says this:
We thank you v yModim anachnu lach
for you are the Ruler, our God u shaata hu uAdonai Eloheinu
and our ancestors God, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of all flesh, Elohei chol basar,
S
-
our maker, who formed Creation. yotzrenu, yotzer bereshit.
Blessings and thanks we give Berachot vehodaot
to your great and holy name, leshimcha hagadol vehakadosh,
Sa
because you have given us life al shehecheyitanu
and sustained us. vekiyamtanu.
Keep giving us life and sustenance,
Ken techayenu utekaymenu,
and gather our scattered exiles veteesof galuyotenu
to the courtyards of your sanctuary, lechatzrot kodshecha,
m
to keep your statutes, lishmor chukecha
do your will, velaasot retzonecha,
and serve you wholeheartedly uleovdecha belevav shalem;
pl
for which we thank you. al sheanachnu modim lach.
Blessed is the God of thanks. Baruch El hahodaot.

Continue the Thanksgiving blessing below:
e
And for all these things may your Veal kulam
name be blessed and exalted, yitbarach veyitromam shimcha
O our ruler, constantly, and for ever. malkenu, tamid leolam vaed.
Every living being will thank you (selah), Vechol hachayim yoducha selah,
and they will hail your name in truth, vihalelu et shimcha beemet,
God, our salvation and help (selah). haEl yeshuatenu veezratenu selah.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


31 Amidah

Blessed are you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yatah uAdonai,


Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
whose reputation is good, hatov shimcha
and to whom thanks are due. ulecha naeh lehodot. Amen
_____________________________________ 3. Peace Shalom _____________________________________
Abundant peace on your people Israel Shalom rav al Yisrael amcha
SP
bestow forever. tasim leolam.
For you are the ruler, Ki atah hu melech
sovereign of all peace. adon lechol hashalom.
And its good in your eyes Vetov beeinecha
to bless your people Israel levarech et amcha Yisrael
S
every time, and every hour, bechol et uvchol shaah
with your peace. bishlomecha.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
Sa
who blesses Gods people Israel hamvarech et amo Yisrael
with peace. bashalom. Amen
The amidah ends here, but we remain standing to express our own thanks and the longings of our heart,
guided by the following paragraphs. After repeating the amidah, the leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.
_________________________________ Personal Prayer _________________________________
m
My God, keep bad words from my tongue, Elohai, netzor leshoni mera,
and lies from my lips. usefatai midaber mirmah.
Let me not try to answer those who curse me; Velimkalelai nafshi tidom,
pl
let my spirit be as still as dust to everyone. venafshi keafar lakol tihyeh.
Open my heart with your teaching Petach libi beToratecha,
that my spirit may follow your rules. uvemitzvotecha tirdof nafshi.
e
As for all who plan harm for me, - Vechol hachoshvim alai raah,
quickly upset their designs meherah hafer atzatam
and spoil their plans. vekalkel machashavtam.

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Afternoon Service Before a Festival 32

Do it for the sake of your reputation; Aseh lemaan shemecha,


do it for the sake of your right hand; aseh lemaan yeminecha,
do it for the sake of your holiness; aseh lemaan kedushatecha,
do it for the sake of your law. aseh lemaan Toratecha.
Ps 60:7
To save your devoted followers,
Lemaan yechaltzun yedidecha,
take action, rescue and answer me!
hoshiah yemincha, vaaneni.
Psalm 19:15
May what I say be to your liking,

Yiheyu leratzon imrei fi,
SP
and my deepest thoughts come before you, vehegyon libi lefanecha,
God, my rock, my savior. Adonai, tzuri, vegoali.

Take three steps back, bow left on oseh shalom, right on hu yaaseh and forward on aleinu.
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, replace the next line with the shaded line.
Making peace in heaven above, Oseh shalom bimromav
S
may God bring peace hu yaaseh shalom
to us and to all Israel, aleinu veal kol Yisrael,
Now you say, Amen. veimru, Amen.

Add this passage if you mourn the loss of the sacrificial system, metaphorically or literally.
Sa
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
m
soon, in our days, bimherah veyameinu
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
and there we shall serve you reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah
pl
Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
Mal. 3:4
So that God will enjoy Vearvah lAdonai
the sacrifice of Judah and Jerusalem
minchat Yehudah Virushalayim
e
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.

Take three steps forward. The leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


33 Amidah

_____________________________ Our Duty Aleinu1 ____________________________


The Sovereign of all u uAleinu leshabeach
to praise were bound, laadon hakol,
The Creative Force latet gedulah
with greatness to crown, leyotzer bereshit,
Who made us like no other race shelo asanu kegoyei haaratzot
On earth, nor set us velo samanu
SP
in their place. kmishpechot haadamah,
Our fatelike theirs God made it not shelo sam chelkenu kahem
2
But chose for us a different lot. - vegoralenu kechol hamonam.
Some add the next three lines.
For they prostrate themselves Shehem mishtachavim
S
before futility and emptiness lehevel varik
Is 45:20
and pray to a god that cant help.

umitpalelim el el lo yoshia.
We bend the knee w Vaanachnu zkorim
Sa
and bow the head gratefully, v yumishtachavim umodim
Before the Ruler whom rulers dread, u ulifnei melech malchei hamlachim,
The holy, blessed One Hakadosh baruch hu;
m
pl
e
1
For our note on Aleinu, please see page 424.
2
We are bound to give praise / to the ruler of everything, /to acknowledge the greatness /of the one who
formed creation, who did not make us like other nations nor position us like the rest of the worlds families, /
who did not make our portion like theirs / nor our destiny like that of those multitudes. If you dislike the idea
that Jews are a chosen people, you might consider that in ancient days our mission was to bring Torah values
to those who lacked them; now, perhaps, that mission is largely fulfilled. Or, you might say for the

two words sound identicalimplying that God chose us, for Gods own purposes, to be like the other nations,
by showing them how to live a Torah-observant life.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Afternoon Service Before a Festival 34

Who Is. 51:13 stretches out the heavens, shehu noteh shamayim
Supports the earth below; veyosed aretz,
Above, high in the sky, umoshav yekaro
The Presence does bestow; bashamayim mimaal,
Whose power dwells
ushechinat uzo
1
In heights where none can go. begovhei meromim.
This is our God, there is no more; Hu Eloheinu, ein od;
SP
our ruler is truth, beyond whom is naught. emet malkenu, efes zulato.
Its written in Gods Law: Kakatuv bTorato:
Deut 4:39
This day you must know
Veyadata hayom,
and take it to heart
vahashevota el levavecha
that God is God
ki Adonai, hu haElohim
S
in heaven above bashamayim mimaal,
and on earth below: nothing else is. veal haaretz mitachat: ein od.
Sa
So we hope in you, Al ken nekaveh lecha,
God, our God, Adonai Eloheinu,
soon to see your splendid power, lirot meherah betiferet uzecha;
to make idols pass from the earth
lehaavir gilulim min haaretz,
and destroy false gods, vehaelilim karot yikaretun,
m
to repair the world in the Almightys rule. letahken olam bemalchut shadai,
And all people - vechol benei vasar
will call on your name, yikreu vishmecha,
pl
to turn to you all the wicked on earth. - lehafnot elecha kol rishei aretz.
Theyll see and know Yakiru veyedu
all earth dwellers - kol yoshvei tevel,
e
that to you each knee must bend, - ki lecha tichra kol berech,
each tongue must swear. - tishava kol lashon.

1
We bend the knee / and bow in gratitude / before the ruler, / ruler of rulers, / the holy, blessed one, who
stretches out the heavens, / supports the earth below; / whose own dwelling place / is in the sky above / and
whose power is present / in the loftiest heights.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


35 Amidah

Before you, ruling God, Lefanecha Adonai Elohenu


they will kneel and fall down, yichreu veyipolu,
and to the glory of your reputation velichvod shimcha
they will give honor. yekar yitenu,
And they will all accept vikablu chulam
the yoke of your rule,
- et ol malchutecha,
that soon you may rule them vetimloch aleihem mehera
SP
forever and ever. leolam vaed.
For this is your reign, Ki hamalchut shelcha hi,
and forever and ever uleolmei ad
you will rule in glory. timloch bechavod.
Its written in your Law: Kakatuv beToratecha:
S
Ex. 15:18
God will be the ruler forever! Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
And its said in your scripture: veneemar:
Zech. 14:9
And God will be ruler Vehayah Adonai lemelech
Sa
over all the earth; al kol haaretz;
on that day God will be one
bayom hahu yihyeh Adonai echad
and Gods name will be one.
ushemo echad.

Mourners and those observing Yahrzeit lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
m
pl
e

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
e
pl
m
Sa
S
SP

SP
Festival Evening Service

Festival Evening Service


S
Evening services begin with the Shema section: the call to prayer, blessings celebrating Gods creation and
love, the three parts of the Shema, and the blessings which recall Gods redemption at the Exodus and continu-
ing protection.
The amidah has three opening and three closing blessings, like those of every other amidah. For holy days,
Sa
the central blessing speaks of the holiness of this festival day; for intermediate days, the central group of bless-
ings is like the weekday blessings.
We conclude with some songs and hymns, as well as Aleinu. On the second and remaining nights of Pesach,
we count the Omer.
The variations for Friday night are in our Shabbat book.
m
pl
e
Shema and Its Blessings
_______________________________ Call to Prayer _______________________________
We rise as the leader begins the call to prayer.
Bless God, the blessed one. u v yBarchu uet Adonai hamvorach.
The congregation responds, and the leader repeats:
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
SP
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
____________________________ First Blessing Before Shema ____________________________
We are seated x
S
We bless you, Sovereign, x xBaruch atah Adonai
our God, ruler of time and space, Eloheinu melech haolam,
who by your word brings evening, asher bidvaro maariv aravim,
Sa
in wisdom opens the gates, bechochmah poteach shearim
with insight changes the times, uvitvunah meshaneh itim
varies the seasons, umachalif et hazmanim
and arranges the stars umesader et hakochavim
in their guardposts bemishmeroteihem
m
1
in the sky, by your will, barakiah kirtzono.
creating day and night, Borei yom valaylah,
rolling away light before darkness golel or mipnei choshech
pl
and darkness before light, vechoshech mipnei or,
making day pass and bringing night. umaavir yom umevi laylah,
Separating day from night, umavdil bein yom uvein laylah,
e
God is called the Ruler of Hosts. Adonai tzevaot shemo.
God who lives and prevails El chai vekayam
will rule us always, forever and ever. tamid yimloch aleinu leolam vaed.

1
Literally, your word and your will use the third person pronoun (Gods word Gods will).
39 Shema and Its Blessings

Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai


who brings on evenings. hamaariv aravim. Amen

___________________________ Second Blessing Before Shema __________________________


With lasting love for Israels family Ahavat olam beit Yisrael
have you loved your people. amcha ahavta.
Torah and commandments, Torah umitzvot
SP
statutes and judgements, chukim umishpatim
you have taught us. otanu limadta.
Because of this, O Ruler, our God, Al ken Adonai Eloheinu
when we lie down and when we get up, beshochbenu uvekumenu
we shall speak about your statutes, nasiach bechukecha,
S
and well rejoice in words of your Torah venismach bedivrei Toratecha
and commandments forever and ever. uvemitzvotecha leolam vaed.
For they are our life and our good old age, Ki hem chayeinu veorech yameinu
and well enjoy them day and night. uvahem nehgeh yomam valaylah.
Sa
And your love Veahavatcha
dont take it away from us, ever. al tasir mimenu leolamim.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
who loves your people Israel. ohev amo Yisrael. Amen
m
pl
e

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 40

______________________________ Shema (First Paragraph) _____________________________


Add this shaded line when praying without a minyan.
God is the reliable ruler. El melech neeman.
Deut. 6:4
Listen, descendants of Israel: Shema, Yisrael:
The Ruler is our God; the Ruler is one. 1 Adonai Eloheinu; Adonai echad.
Say the next two lines silently.
Blessed is Gods name, Baruch shem
SP
the glory of whose reign lasts forever.2 kevod malchuto leolam vaed.
Deut. 6:5-9
You are to love your ruling God
Veahavta et Adonai Elohecha
with your whole heart,
bechol levavcha,
your whole self
uvechol nafshecha,
and all your resources.

uvechol meodecha.
S
6
These words Vehayu hadvarim haeleh
I tell you today must be
asher anochi metzavcha hayom
on your heart.
al levavecha.
7
Repeat them to your children, Veshinantam levanecha,
Sa
and talk about them vedibarta bam
when you sit at home, beshivtecha beveitecha,
when you walk down the street,
uvelechtecha vaderech,
when you go to bed and when you get up.

uveshochbecha, uvekumecha.
m
8
Tie them as a sign on your hand, Ukeshartam leot al yadecha,
let them be on your forehead between your eyes, vehayu letotafot bein einecha.
9
and write them on your doorposts


Uchetavtam al mezuzot beitecha,
pl
and on your gates.
uvisharecha.
e
1
The of and of are large letters. Together, they form the Hebrew word , witness; with this
declaration of Gods unity, we Jews bear witness to our faith. Another reason for the large letters is to avoid
misreading ( perhaps) for and ( another) for , which would replace our confident faith with
agnostic uncertainty! Some say the large letters express hope for Gods universal acceptance in the four ()
corners of the earth and among the seventy ( )nations of the world (Genesis chapter X lists Noahs seventy
grandsons, so were all descendants of Gen X-ers).
2
This phrase is a response to hearing Gods name. In the Temple, the people would respond with this phrase
when they heard the High Priest pronounce Gods name on Yom Kippur (Mishna Yoma, 3:9).

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


41 Shema and Its Blessings

_____________________________Shema (Second Paragraph) ____________________________


Deut 11:13-21
This is what will happen Vehayah
if you listen well to my commands,


im shamoah tishmeu el mitzvotai
which I asher anochi
tell you today, metzaveh etchem hayom,
to love God, your God,
leahavah et Adonai Eloheichem
and to serve God with your whole heart

uleovdo, bechol levavchem,
SP
and all your resources:
uvechol nafshechem.
14
I will give your land its rain Venatati metar artzechem
at the right time, early and late rains,
beito, yoreh umalkosh,
so you can harvest your grain
veasafta deganecha,
and wine and oil.
vetiroshcha, veyitzharecha.
S
15
I will provide grass in your fields Venatati esev besadcha
for your cattle, livhemtecha,
so you can eat your fill. veachalta vesavata.
Sa
16
But take care! Hishamru lachem
1
Dont be misled, to turn from me pen yifteh levavchem, vesartem
and serve other gods
vaavadtem elohim acherim,
and worship them.
vehishtachavitem lahem.
17 2
Then God will be angry at you Vecharah af Adonai bachem,
m
and close up the sky: veatzar et hashamayim,
there will be no rain, velo yihyeh matar,
the earth will not yield its produce,

vehaadamah lo titen et yevulah,
pl
and you will soon perish vaavadtem meherah
from the good land
meal haaretz hatovah
which God gives you.
asher Adonai noten lachem.
e

1
Lest your heart (the thinking part) be misled.
2
Gods nose will blaze against you.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 42

18
Set these words
Vesamtem et devarai eileh
on your heart and soul,
al levavchem veal nafshechem,
tie them as a sign on your hand, ukeshartem otam leot al yedchem,
and place them on your forehead vehayu letotafot
between your eyes.
bein eineichem.
19
Teach them to your children,

Velimadtem otam et beneichem,
talking about them ledaber bam
SP
when you sit at home, beshivtecha beveitecha
when you walk down the street,
uvelechtecha vaderech,
when you go to bed and when you get up.

uvshochbecha uvekumecha.
20
Write them on your doorposts


Uchetavtam al mezuzot beitecha,
and on your gates.
uvisharecha.
S
21
So that you and your children may spend a Lemaan yirbu yemeichem
1
long time, on the land

vimei veneichem al haadamah
that God promised
asher nishbah Adonai
Sa
to your parents, to give them,
laavoteichem, latet lahem,
2
as long as the sky is above the land!
kimei hashamayim al haaretz.
m
pl
e

1
So that your days may be many, and your childrens days
2
Like the days of.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


43 Shema and Its Blessings

______________________________ Shema (Third Pragraph)______________________________


Numbers 15:37
God told Moses: Vayomer Adonai el Moshe lemor:
38
Talk to the children of Israel,
Daber el benei Yisrael
and tell them
veamarta aleihem,
they should make fringes

veasu lahem tzitzit
on the corners of their garments
al kanfei vigdeihem
1
as long as their people last.
ledorotam.
SP
On the corner fringe, they should put

Venatnu al tzitzit hakanaf
a blue thread. petil techelet.
39
That will be your fringe.
Vehayah lachem letzitzit
You will look at it
uritem oto,
and remember all of Gods rules,
uzechartem et kol mitzvot Adonai,
S
and you will perform them;
vaasitem otam,
you should not follow your heart
velo taturu acharei levavchem
nor your eyes
veacharei eineichem
Sa
for you stray after them!
asher atem zonim achareihem;
40
Rather, remember lemaan tizkeru,
and perform all my commands

vaasitem et kol mitzvotai,
and be holy to your God.

viheyitem kedoshim lEloheichem.
41
I am the Ruler, your God,
Ani Adonai Eloheichem,
m
who brought you


asher hotzeti etchem
from Egypt, meeretz Mitzrayim
to be your God.
liheyot lachem lElohim.
pl
I am Ani
the Ruler, your God.
Adonai Eloheichem.
Its true Emet
e
The leader says the last three words of Shema aloud, bringing the number of words in Shema to 248.
The last word (Its true / / Emet) isnt part of Shema
but the first word of the blessing that follows Shema.

1
For their generations.

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Festival Evening Service 44

_____________________________ First Blessing after Shema1 ____________________________


All this is certainits our faith veemunah kol zot
and its proven for us, vekayam aleinu
that this is the Ruler our God, ki hu Adonai Eloheinu
2
and there is no other, veein zulato
and we are Israel, Gods people. vaanachnu Yisrael amo.
God rescues us from the hand of kings, Hapodenu miyad melachim
SP
our ruler, who redeems us malkeinu, hagoalenu
from the clutches of all tyrants; mikaf kol hearitzim;
God, who claims damages from our foes haEl hanifrah lanu mitzareinu
and who pays back in full vehamshalem gemul
all our mortal enemies; lechol oyvei nafshenu;
S
Job 9:10
Who does great things Ha- Oseh gedolot
too many to find out ad ein cheker
3
and miracles beyond counting; veniflaot ad ein mispar;
Sa
Ps 66:9
Who sets our souls in life Hasam nafshenu bachayim,
and has not let our foot falter; velo natan lamot raglenu;
who leads us to our enemies heights hamadrichenu al bamot oyveinu,
and has raised our glory vayarem karnenu
over all who hate us; al kol soneinu;
m
who works miracles for us haoseh lanu nisim
and revenge on Pharaoh, unekamah beFaroh,
signs and wonders otot umoftim
pl
on the land of Hams children; beadmat benei Cham;
who strikes in anger hamakeh veevrato
all the firstborn of Egypt, kol bechorei Mitzrayim,
e
1
The two blessings that follow Shema develop the theme of redemption from Egypt which concludes Shema.
In the responsive parts, we re-enact the drama of the Exodus.
2
Ein zulato (there is no other, or there is nothing except God) may mean that God has no rival, or perhaps
that God is all existence, all reality.
3
The first letter of the Hebrew, ( the one who), is added to the verse from Job.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


45 Shema and Its Blessings

and brings out Gods people Israel vayotzeh et amo Yisrael


from among them to eternal freedom; mitocham lecherut olam;
who guides the children hamaavir banav
between the parts of the Reed Sea bein gizrei Yam Suf,
their pursuers and enemies et rodfeihem veet soneihem
God sunk into the depths, bithomot tiba,.
while those children saw Gods strength,
verau vanav gevurato,
SP
gave praise and thanks to Gods name. shibchu vehodu lishmo
Willingly, they accepted Gods authority1 Umalchuto veratzon kiblu
over them. aleihem:
Moses and the children of Israel Moshe uvnei Yisrael
answered you with song lecha anu shirah
S
in great joy, and they all said: besimchah rabah,veamru chulam:
Say the next three lines aloud.
Ex 15:11
Who is like you among gods, Ruler?
Mi chamochah baelim Adonai?
Sa
Who is like you, sublime in holiness,
Mi kamocha nedar bakodesh
awesome in praise, working wonders?
norah tehilot, oseh feleh?
Your children saw your ruling power Malchutcha rau vanecha
split the sea before Moses.
bokeah yam lifnei Moshe.
Ex 15:2
This is my God, they responded, saying: Zeh Eli, anu, veamru:
m
Say the next line aloud.
Ex. 15:18
Adonai will be the ruler forever! Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
And its said in your scripture: veneemar:
pl
Jer 31:10
For God has redeemed Jacob, Ki fadah Adonai et Yaakov
saved him from a hand too strong for him. ugealo miyad chazak mimenu.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
e
who saves Israel. gaal Yisrael. Amen

1
And Gods-sovereignty willingly they-took upon-themselves.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 46

___________________________ Second Blessing After Shema ___________________________


In peace, O God, lay us in bed, Hashkivenu Adonai Elohenu lshalom,
Wake us to life, O Sovereign. vehaamidenu malkenu lechayim,
Your peaceful shelter oer us spread, uferos aleinu sukat shelomecha
Guide us with good counseling. vetaknenu beetza tovah milfanecha
Save us for your reputation, vehoshienu lemaan shemecha
Shield us for our own salvation, vehagen baadenu
SP
Spare us these miseries: the foe, vehaser mealeinu oyev,
Pestilence, sword, famine and woe. dever vecherev veraav veyagon,
1
Keep Satan vehaser Satan
from our front and rear, milfaneineinu umeachareinu,
Hide us in shadow of your wing, uvetzel kenafecha tastirenu,
S
O God, our guard and rescuer, ki El shomrenu umatzilenu atah;
Gracious and kind, our sovereign. ki El melech chanun verachum atah.
Protect us as we leave and return Ushemor tzetenu uvoenu
Sa
in life and in peace lechayim uleshalom
from now for ever; meata vead olam,
spread over us your sheltering peace. uferos aleinu sukat shelomecha.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch atah Adonai
who spreads the shelter of peace haporeis sukat shalom
m
over us, over all your people Israel aleinu veal kol amo Yisrael
and over Jerusalem. veal Yerushalayim. Amen

_________________________________ This Day in Torah ________________________________


pl
We stand to recall what the Torah says of this day and remain standing until after the amidah.
Congregation, then leader.
Lev 23:44
And Moses explained
Vayedaber Moshe

e
Gods special times

et moadei Adonai
to the children of Israel.
el benei Yisrael.

The leader leads Half Kaddish, page 368.

1
Satan, the adversary in the book of Job, acts like a prosecuting attorney who probes human failings.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


47 Evening Amidah

Evening Amidah
Festival Intermediate Days
On festival intermediate days, including the third evening of Pesach or Sukkot, the amidah begins on page 326.
Then conclude the service with Aleinu, page 339, and Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
Festival Holy Days
We stand to say the silent amidah, and take three steps forward, as if entering holy space.
Ps 51:17
Ruler, just open my lips
Adonai sefatai tiftach,
SP
and my mouth will declare your praise.
ufi yagid tehilatecha.

___________________________ 1. Ancestors Avot ___________________________

We bless you, God, our God u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai Eloheinu


S
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak,
and God of Jacob, vElohei Yaakov
Sa
the God who is great, haEl hagadol
powerful and awesome, God on high; hagibor vehanorah, El elyon,
Good deeds of kindness you reward gomel chasadim tovim
m
For everything is in your power vekoneh hakol,
Our parents kind deeds you record vezocher chasdei avot ,
And rescue their posterity umevi goel livnei veneihem,
pl
To show your love and honesty.1 lemaan shemo beahavah.
Sovereign, helper, savior, shield. Melech ozer umoshia umagen.
We bless you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai,
e
Abrahams protector . magen Avraham .

1
Who rewards good, kind deeds and owns everything, who remembers the good deeds of our ancestors, and
who is bringing a redeemer to their childrens children, for the sake of Gods name (i.e., to maintain Gods repu-
tationhence, to prove Gods honesty), with love.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 48

____________________________________ 2. Might Gevurot ____________________________________


You are mighty forever, God, Atah gibor leolam Adonai,
you bring life to the dead mechayeh metim atah
and are strong in salvation rav lehoshiah

From the second day of Pesach until Shemini Atzeret, some add:
you make the dew fall. Morid hatal.
On the first evening and morning of Pesach, add:
SP
you make wind blow and rain fall.1 Mashiv haruach umorid hageshem.
You feed the living with your grace, Mechalkel chayim bechesed,
2
Revive the dead with kind embrace, mechayeh metim berachamim rabim.
Support the fallen, heal the sick, Somech noflim verofeh cholim
And set the prisoners free, umatir asurim,
S
And faithfully fulfill your trust umkayem emunato
For people who sleep in the dust. lishenei afar.

Who is like you, who can appear Mi chamocha baal gevurot,
Like you, sovereign of power? umi domeh lach,
Sa
Ruler, both death and life you bring; melech memit umchayeh
You make salvation flower. umatzmiach yeshuah.
To bring the dead to life, O you Veneeman ata
Are firm, reliable, and true. lehachayot metim.
m
We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
3
who revives the dead. mechayeh hametim.
_____________________________ 3. Holiness
Individual Kedushah _____________________________
pl
You are holy, your name is holy Atah kadosh veshimcha kadosh,
and every day the holy ones - ukedoshim bechol yom
praise you, selah! yehalelucha selah.
e
1
Especially in winter, when nature seems dormant, we note that the cycle of seasons will bring a new spring
and reassure ourselves that the promise of resurrectionhowever we understand itcan surely be fulfilled.
2
Kind embrace is literally abundant mercies.
3
This could mean: God wakens dead sinners to a life of faith; God grants an afterlife; God will revive dead
bodies in the future; God breeds life out of death and decomposition, like mushrooms growing on a rotting log.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


49 Evening Amidah

Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,


the holy God. haEl hakadosh.
_______________________ 4. Holiness of This Day Kedushat Hayom _______________________
You chose us from all the other peoples. - Ata vechartanu mikol haamim.
You gave us your love, took delight in us Ahavta otanu, veratzita banu,
and raised us above all other peoples; - veromamtanu mikol halshonot,
SP
you made us holy through your rules vekidashtanu bemitzvotecha,
and brought us close, Ruler, to serve you, vekeravtanu malkenu laavodatecha,
and you bestowed on us veshimcha hagadol vehakadosh
your great and holy reputation. aleinu karata.

On Saturday night add this:
Sovereign God, you taught us Vatodieinu, Adonai Eloheinu,
S
the verdicts of your justice - et mishpetei tzidkecha,
and taught us to perform vatlamdeinu laasot
the statutes of your will. chukei retzonecha.
Sa
You gave us, Sovereign God, Vatiten lanu, Adonai Eloheinu,
correct verdicts and laws of truth, mishpatim yesharim vetorot emet,
good statutes and rules, chukim umitzvot tovim,
1
you let us inherit times of joy, vatanchileinu zemanei sason
2
holy gatherings and festivals of giving. umoadei kodesh vechagei nedavah.
m
You made our legacy the holiness of Shabbat, Vatorisheinu kedushat Shabbat
the glory of the gatherings uchevod moed
and the delight of the festivals.3 vachagigat haregel.
pl
You distinguished, Sovereign God, Vatavdel Adonai Eloheinu
holy from secular, bein kodesh lechol,
darkness from light, bein or lechoshech,
e
1
The root means inherit.
2
generosity, philanthropy: our festivals are times to share the benefits we enjoy.
3
foot,
referring to the three pilgrimage festivals, when the people used to go to Jerusalem: Pesach,
Shavuot and Sukkot.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 50

Israel from other peoples, bein Yisrael laamim,


the seventh day bein yom hashvii
from the six days of creative activity. lesheshet yemei hamaaseh.
Between Shabbat holiness Bein kedushat Shabbat
and festival holiness likdushat Yom Tov
you made a distinction, hivdalta,
and you made the seventh day
- veet yom hashvii
SP
more holy than the six days of creation.
misheshet yemei hamaaseh kidashta.
You distinguished and made holy Hivdalta vekidashta
your people Israel, - et amcha Yisrael
through your own holiness. bikdushatecha.
S
And you gave us, Sovereign God, Vatiten lanu, Adonai Eloheinu
with love festivals for rejoicing beahavah moadim lesimchah,
feasts and times for joy, chagim uzemanim lesason,
Sa
this day - et yom
For Pesach:
this festival of Matza, chag hamatzot hazeh,
time of our freedom
zeman cherutenu
For Shavuot:
m
this festival of Weeks, chag hashavuot hazeh,
time of giving us our Torah zeman matan Toratenu
For Sukkot:
this festival of Huts, chag hasukkot hazeh
pl
time of our joy zeman simchatenu

For Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah:
the eighth day, this festival of assembly, hashmini chag haatzeret hazeh,
e
time of our joy zeman simchatenu
Continue here on all festivals:
a holy assembly,1 mikra kodesh
recalling our Exodus from Egypt. zecher litziyat Mitzrayim.

1
is a convocation, a calling together, an assembly, from the root , to call.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


51 Evening Amidah

Our God Eloheinu


and God of our ancestors, velohei avoteinu ,
may there rise, approach and reach you, yaaleh veyavo veyagia
be seen, favored, and heard, veyeraeh veyeratzeh veyishama
noticed and remembered veyipaked veyizacher
thoughts and memories of us, zichronenu ufikdonenu,
and of our ancestors, vezichron avoteinu ,
SP
of the Messiah vezichron Mashiach
(your servant Davids descendant), ben David avdecha,
of Jerusalem vezichron Yerushalayim
your holy city, ir kodshecha,
and of all your people - vezichron kol amcha
S
the descendants of Israel beit Yisrael lefanecha
for deliverance, good, lifleta letova
grace, kindness, mercy, lechen ulchesed ulrachamim
Sa
life and peace, lechayim ulshalom,
For Pesach:
on this festival of matza. beyom chag hamatzot hazeh.
For Shavuot:
on this festival of matza. beyom chag hashavuot hazeh.
m
For Sukkot:
on this festival of huts. beyom chag hasukkot hazeh.
For Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah:
on the eighth day, beyom hashmini
pl
this festival of assembly. chag haatzeret hazeh.
Continue here on all festivals:
Remember us, our sovereign God, Zochrenu Adonai Eloheinu
e
on this day for good; Amen bo letovah;
think of us for blessing; Amen ufokdenu vo livracha;
and save us for life. Amen vehoshienu vo lechayim.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 52

And as for salvation and mercy Uvidvar yeshuah verachamim


take pity on us, be gracious to us, chus vechonenu
have mercy on us, and save us; verachem aleinu vehoshienu,
for our eyes are on you, ki elecha eineinu,
because you are God, a ruler ki el melech
both gracious and compassionate. chanun verachum ata.
SP
Grant us, Ruling God, Vehasienu Adonai Eloheinu
the blessing of your festivals - et birkat moadecha
for life and peace, lechayim uleshalom,
for joy and happiness, as you wished
lesimcha ulesason, kaasher ratzita
and said you would bless us. veamarta levarchenu.
S
Our Sovereign God, Eloheinu veElohei
our parents God, avoteinu ,
Hallow us with your commands, Kadsheinu bemitzvotecha,
Sa
And in us Torah-shares invest. veten chelkenu beToratecha.
Fill us from your bounty fair, Sabeinu mituvecha,
In your salvation give us cheer; vesamcheinu bishuatecha,
Cleanse our hearts to serve you right vetaher libeinu leovdecha beemet.
m
And lovingly entrust to us, Vehanchilenu Adonai Eloheinu
with joy and glee, besimchah uvesason
times of festivity. moadei kodshecha,
pl
Grant Israel joy now, who proclaim veyismechu vecha Yisrael
The sanctity of your great name. mekadshei shemecha.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
e
who sanctifies Israel mekadesh Yisrael
1
and our festive times. vehazmanim.

1
God and god of our ancestors, enjoy our rest. Make us holy with your commandments, and grant our portion
in your Torah. Satisfy us from your goodness, and make us rejoice in your salvation, and cleanse our hearts for
your service in truth. And let us inherit, Sovereign God, with joy and glee, your holy assemblies. And let Israel
rejoice in you, they who make your name holy. Blessed are you, who make Israel and the seasons holy.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


53 Evening Amidah

________________________________ 5. Temple Service Avodah ________________________________


Sovereign God, take delight Retze Adonai Eloheinu
in your people Israel and in their prayer; beamcha Yisrael uvitfilatam,
restore the Temple service vehashev et haavodah
to the sanctuary of your house; lidvir beitecha,
1
as for Israels fires and their prayer veishei Yisrael utefilatam
accept them with love and delight; beahavah tekabel beratzon,
SP
and may you always enjoy2 utehi leratzon tamid
the worship of your people Israel. avodat Yisrael amecha.
And may our eyes witness Vetechezena eineinu
your return to Zion, in mercy. beshuvcha leTziyon berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
S
you return your presence to Zion. hamachazir shechinato leTziyon.
__________________________________ 6. Thanksgiving Modim __________________________________
We thank you, v yModim anachnu lach
Sa
because you are the Ruler, our God, u shaatah huuAdonai Elohenu
God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
forever. leolam vaed.
The one sure thing in our lives, Tzur chayenu,
the shield of our salvation magen yishenu,
m
that is you, from age to age! ata hu ledor vador.
We thank you and declare your praise Nodeh lecha unesaper tehilatecha
For our lives, which in your hand you hold, al chayenu hamsurim beyadecha,
pl
Our souls, which in your care are told; veal nishmoteinu hapekudot lach,
Your miracles, with us every day, - veal nisecha shebchol yom imanu,
e
Your wonders and abundant boons, veal nifleotecha vetovotecha,
With us evening, morn, and noon. shebechol et, erev vavoker vetzohorayim.

1
Include the shaded words if you favor the restoration of the sacrificial system.
2
And may it be to your liking forever

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 54

Your mercies never end; the one Hatov ki lo chalu rachamecha,


All good and merciful and blessed, vehamrachem
Whose kindnesses are never done. ki lo tamu chasadecha,
In you our hopes forever rest. meolam kivinu lach.
And for all these things may your Veal kulam
name be blessed and exalted, yitbarach veyitromam shimcha
O our ruler, constantly, and for ever. malkenu, tamid leolam vaed.
SP
Every living being will thank you (selah), Vechol hachayim yoducha selah,
and they will hail your name in truth, vihalelu et shimcha beemet,
God, our salvation and help (selah). haEl yeshuatenu veezratenu selah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yatah uAdonai,
whose reputation is good, hatov shimcha
S
and to whom thanks are due. ulecha naeh lehodot.
____________________________________ 7. Peace Shalom ____________________________________
Abundant peace on your people Israel Shalom rav al Yisrael amcha
Sa
bestow forever. tasim leolam.
For you are the ruler, Ki atah hu melech
sovereign of all peace. adon lechol hashalom.
And its good in your eyes Vetov beeinecha
m
to bless your people Israel levarech et amcha Yisrael
every time, and every hour, bechol et uvchol shaah
with your peace. bishlomecha.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
pl
who blesses Gods people Israel hamvarech et amo Yisrael
with peace. bashalom.
e
The amidah ends here, but we remain standing to express our own thanks and the longings of our heart,
guided by the following paragraphs. After the amidah, the leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


55 Evening Amidah

__________________________________________ Personal Prayer __________________________________________


My God, keep bad words from my tongue, Elohai, netzor leshoni mera,
and lies from my lips. usefatai midaber mirmah.
Let me not try to answer those who curse me; Velimkalelai nafshi tidom,
let my spirit be as still as dust to everyone. venafshi keafar lakol tihyeh.
Open my heart with your teaching Petach libi beToratecha,
that my spirit may follow your rules. uvemitzvotecha tirdof nafshi.
SP
As for all who plan harm for me, - Vechol hachoshvim alai raah,
quickly upset their designs meherah hafer atzatam
and spoil their plans. vekalkel machashavtam.
Do it for the sake of your reputation; Aseh lemaan shemecha,
do it for the sake of your right hand; aseh lemaan yeminecha,
S
do it for the sake of your holiness; aseh lemaan kedushatecha,
do it for the sake of your law. aseh lemaan Toratecha.
Ps 60:7
To save your devoted followers,
Lemaan yechaltzun yedidecha,
Sa
take action, rescue and answer me!
hoshiah yemincha, vaaneni.
Psalm 19:15
May what I say be to your liking,

Yiheyu leratzon imrei fi,
and my deepest thoughts come before you, vehegyon libi lefanecha,
God, my rock, my savior. Adonai, tzuri, vegoali.

Take three steps back, bow left on oseh shalom, right on hu yaaseh and forward on aleinu.
m
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, replace the next line with the shaded line.
Making peace in heaven above, Oseh shalom bimromav
may God bring peace hu yaaseh shalom
pl
to us and to all Israel, aleinu veal kol Yisrael,
Now you say, Amen. veimru, Amen.

Add this passage if you mourn the loss of the sacrificial system, metaphorically or literally.
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
e
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
soon, in our days, bimherah veyameinu
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
and there we shall serve you reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 56

Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
Mal. 3:4
So that God will enjoy Vearvah lAdonai
the sacrifice of Judah and Jerusalem
minchat Yehudah Virushalayim
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.

The leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.


SP
S
Sa
m
pl
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


57 Kiddush for Festivals

Kiddush in the synagogue reminds us of ancient times, when Jews who traveled from town to town might say
Kiddush, eat and lodge in the synagogue. Unlike those travelers, we will say Kiddush at home, but the Kiddush
blessing should not be in vain, so we invite a child to drink from the cup.

Kiddush for Festivals


We bless you, Sovereign God, who rules Baruch ata Adonai
Eternal space and time, Eloheinu melech haolam,
Creator of the grapevines fruit, Boreh peri hagafen. Amen
SP
From which we make this wine.
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch ata Adonai
Who rules eternal time and space Eloheinu melech haolam,
From all the nations of the world - asher bachar banu mikol am
Its us you did select; - verommanu mikol lashon
S
You raised us over those who speak vekidshanu bemitzvotav.
With foreign dialect.
The duties that you gave us
Do our holiness project. 1
Sa
And you gave us, Sovereign God, Vatiten lanu, Adonai Eloheinu
with lovefestivals for rejoicing beahavah moadim lesimchah,
feasts and times for joy, chagim uzemanim lesason,
this day - et yom
m
For Pesach:
this festival of Matza, chag hamatzot hazeh,
time of our freedom
zeman cherutenu
pl
For Shavuot:
this festival of Weeks, chag hashavuot hazeh,
time of giving us our Torah zeman matan Toratenu
For Sukkot:
e
this festival of Huts, chag hasukkot hazeh
time of our joy zeman simchatenu

1
Blessed are you, Adonai, our God, ruler of the world, who chose us from every people and raised us above
every tongue and made us holy with Gods rules.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 58

For Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah:


the eighth day, this festival of assembly, hashmini chag haatzeret hazeh,
time of our joy zeman simchatenu
Continue here on all festivals:
lovingly, a holy assembly,1 beahavah mikra kodesh
recalling our Exodus from Egypt. zecher litziyat Mitzrayim.
Because from all the peoples Ki vanu vacharta
SP
You chose us your holy nation - veotanu kidashta mikol haamim,
And made our heritage these times umoadei kodshecha,
Of joy and celebration, besimchah uvsason hinchaltanu.
We bless you, God, for hallowing Baruch ata Adonai,
our feast and nation. mekadesh Yisrael vehazmanim.
S
______________________Farewell to Shabbat Havdalah ______________________
On Saturday night, light a multi-wick candle from an existing flame and say Havdalah.
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch ata Adonai
Sa
Who rules the universe entire; Eloheinu melech haolam,
You are creator of this flickering light, borei meorei haesh.
The light of fire.
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch ata Adonai
Ruler of the universe, Eloheinu melech haolam,
m
who distinguishes holy from secular, hamavdil bein kodesh lechol,
darkness from light,
bein or lechoshech,
Israel from other peoples, bein Yisrael laamim,
pl
the seventh day
bein yom hashvii
from the six days of creative activity. lesheshet yemei hamaaseh.
You distinguished Shabbats holiness Bein kedushat Shabbat
e
from the holiness of the festival, likdushat yom tov hivdalta
and you made Shabbat more holy - veet yom hashvii
than the six days of creative activity. - misheshet yemei hamaaseh kidashta.

1
is a convocation, a calling together, an assembly, from the root , to call.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


59 Our Duty Aleinu

You distinguished and hallowed Hivdalta vekidashta


your people Israel through your holiness. - et amcha Yisrael bikdushatecha.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch ata Adonai
1
who distinguishes types of holiness. hamavdil bein kodesh lekodesh.

__________________________________ Shehecheyanu _________________________________


Omit on the last two nights of Pesach
(on the first night of Sukkot, say the Sukkah blessing first).
SP
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch ata Adonai
Who rules eternal time and space; Eloheinu melech haolam,
You raised us and sustained us, Shehecheyanu vekimanu
And you brought us to this place.2 Vehigianu lazman hazeh.

_____________________________________ Sukkah_____________________________________
S
In the sukkah, on Sukkot, add this.
We bless you, Sovereign God, who rules Baruch ata Adonai
Both time and space complete; Eloheinu melech haolam,
Sa
You made us holy with your laws, Asher kidshanu bemitzvotav
In booths to take a seat. vetzivanu leshev basukkah.

After dark, on the third and remaining nights of Pesach, count the Omer, page 64.
m
pl
e

1
Who makes a distinction between one type of holiness and another type of holiness
2
Place is literally time; but are not time and space a continuum?

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 60

Our Duty1 Aleinu


The Sovereign of all u uAleinu leshabeach
to praise were bound, laadon hakol,
The Creative Force latet gedulah
with greatness to crown, leyotzer bereshit,
Who made us like no other race shelo asanu kegoyei haaratzot
On earth, nor set us velo samanu
SP
in their place. kmishpechot haadamah,
Our fatelike theirs God made it not shelo sam chelkenu kahem
2
But chose for us a different lot. - vegoralenu kechol hamonam.
Some add the next three lines.
For they prostrate themselves Shehem mishtachavim
S
before futility and emptiness lehevel varik
Is 45:20
and pray to a god that cant help.

umitpalelim el el lo yoshia.
Sa
We bend the knee w Vaanachnu zkorim
and bow the head gratefully, v yumishtachavim umodim
Before the Ruler whom rulers dread, u ulifnei melech malchei hamlachim,
The holy, blessed One Hakadosh baruch hu;
m
pl
e
1
For our note on Aleinu, please see page 424.
2
We are bound to give praise / to the ruler of everything, /to acknowledge the greatness /of the one who
formed creation, who did not make us like other nations nor position us like the rest of the worlds families, /
who did not make our portion like theirs / nor our destiny like that of those multitudes. If you dislike the idea
that Jews are a chosen people, you might consider that in ancient days our mission was to bring Torah values
to those who lacked them; now, perhaps, that mission is largely fulfilled. Or, you might say for the

two words sound identicalimplying that God chose us, for Gods own purposes, to be like the other nations,
by showing them how to live a Torah-observant life.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


61 Our Duty Aleinu

Who Is. 51:13 stretches out the heavens, shehu noteh shamayim
Supports the earth below; veyosed aretz,
Above, high in the sky, umoshav yekaro
The Presence does bestow; bashamayim mimaal,
Whose power dwells
ushechinat uzo
1
In heights where none can go. begovhei meromim.
This is our God, there is no more; Hu Eloheinu, ein od;
SP
our ruler is truth, beyond whom is naught. emet malkenu, efes zulato.
Its written in Gods Law: Kakatuv bTorato:
Deut 4:39
This day you must know
Veyadata hayom,
and take it to heart
vahashevota el levavecha
that God is God
ki Adonai, hu haElohim
S
in heaven above bashamayim mimaal,
and on earth below: nothing else is. veal haaretz mitachat: ein od.
Sa
So we hope in you, Al ken nekaveh lecha,
God, our God, Adonai Eloheinu,
soon to see your splendid power, lirot meherah betiferet uzecha;
to make idols pass from the earth
lehaavir gilulim min haaretz,
and destroy false gods, vehaelilim karot yikaretun,
m
to repair the world in the Almightys rule. letahken olam bemalchut shadai,
And all people - vechol benei vasar
will call on your name, yikreu vishmecha,
pl
to turn to you all the wicked on earth. - lehafnot elecha kol rishei aretz.
Theyll see and know Yakiru veyedu
all earth dwellers - kol yoshvei tevel,
e
that to you each knee must bend, - ki lecha tichra kol berech,
each tongue must swear. - tishava kol lashon.

1
We bend the knee / and bow in gratitude / before the ruler, / ruler of rulers, / the holy, blessed one, who
stretches out the heavens, / supports the earth below; / whose own dwelling place / is in the sky above / and
whose power is present / in the loftiest heights.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 62

Before you, ruling God, Lefanecha Adonai Elohenu


they will kneel and fall down, yichreu veyipolu,
and to the glory of your reputation velichvod shimcha
they will give honor. yekar yitenu,
And they will all accept vikablu chulam
the yoke of your rule,
- et ol malchutecha,
that soon you may rule them vetimloch aleihem mehera
SP
forever and ever. leolam vaed.
For this is your reign, Ki hamalchut shelcha hi,
and forever and ever uleolmei ad
you will rule in glory. timloch bechavod.
Its written in your Law: Kakatuv beToratecha:
S
Ex. 15:18
God will be the ruler forever! Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
And its said in your scripture: veneemar:
Zech. 14:9
And God will be ruler Vehayah Adonai lemelech
Sa
over all the earth; al kol haaretz;
on that day God will be one
bayom hahu yihyeh Adonai echad
and Gods name will be one.
ushemo echad.

Mourners and those observing Yahrzeit rise to lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
m
During Sukkot until Hoshanah Rabbah, add Psalm 27, page 95, and Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
pl
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


63 Be Great Yigdal

Be Great Yigdal
The living God be great, Gods praise resound; Yigdal Elohim chai veyishtabach;
God is, and theres no end nimtzah, veein et
to where Gods found. - el metziuto.
God is One; like Gods there is no unity, Echad veein yachid keyichudo;
Oneness beyond our ken, infinity! neelam, vegam ein sof leachduto.
Unseen of form, without carnality; Ein lo demut haguf, veeino guf.
SP
Beyond all measure is Gods sanctity. Lo naaroch elav kedushato.
Old before any thing that came to be; Kadmon lechol davar asher nivrah.
First, with no onset to Gods primacy. Rishon, veein reshit lereshito.
Gods ruler of the universe, and see! Hino adon olam lechol notzar;
God shows each creature grandeur, majesty. yoreh gedulato umalchuto.
S
Splendor and prophecy in liberal measure. Shefa nevuato netano
God gave to this people, to Gods treasure. el anshei segulato, vetifarto.
No one like Moses did in Israel rise, Lo kam beYisrael
Sa
Prophet who saw Gods form keMoshe od navi,
with his own eyes. umabit et temunato.
True to Gods people, God gave us a guide Torat emet natan leamo El
To truthTorah, by prophets hand supplied. al yad nevio neeman beto.
God will not change; Lo yachalif haEl,
m
Gods faith will never sway, velo yamir dato
For all of time, to any other way. leolamim, lezulato.
Our secret thoughts God searches out and knows; Tzofeh veyodeah setarenu;
pl
When things are born, mabit lesof davar
God sees how they will close. bekadmato.
The good man gains a just reward in time; Gomel leish chesed kemifalo:
e
The bad, God punishes as fits the crime. noten lerasha rah kerishato.
The anointed, God at end of days will send, Yishlach leketz hayamin meshichenu
Salvation for us who await the end. lifdot mechakei ketz yeshuato.
God kindly will the dead with life invest; Metim yechayeh El berov chasdo:
Gods glorious name shall be forever blest. baruch adei ad shem tehilato.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Evening Service 64

Counting the Omer Sefirat HaOmer


We count the Omer after dark from the second evening of Pesach until Shavuot.
We do not mention the number of the day before reciting the blessing.
If we mention the number by mistake, we cannot recite the blessing but may recite it on later nights.
If we forget to count at night, we can count during the next day without the blessing
and continue to recite the blessing on later nights.
But if we forget to count the next day too, we omit the blessing on all later nights.
Some people add an opening and closing meditation to the counting.
SP
Opening Meditation
Here I am, ready and prepared
Hineni muchan umezuman
to fulfill the positive commandment lekayem mitzvat aseh
of counting the Omer, shel sefirat haomer,
as the Torah says: kemo shekatuv baTorah:
S
Lev 23:15-16
Count for yourselves
Usefartem lachem
from the day after the Pesach holiday, mimochorat hashabbat,
from the day you bring miyom haviachem
Sa
the offering of an omer of grain,

et omer hatnufah
seven weeks; sheva shabatot,
they must be full weeks.
temimot tiheyenah.
Up to the day after the seventh week
Ad mimochorat hashabbat hashviit
you must count fifty days. tisperu chamishim yom.
m
_______________________________ The Days of the Omer_______________________________
We bless you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
our God, eternal sovereign, Eloheinu melech haolam,
pl
who made us holy with your rules asher kidshanu bemitzvotav
and told us about counting the Omer. vetzivanu al sefirat haOmer.

Here is the list of days; we start on the 16th of Nisan, the second evening of Pesach
e
16 Nisan
Today is the first day into the Omer. Hayom yom echad baOmer.
17 Nisan
Today is 2 days into the Omer. Hayom shnei yamim baOmer.
18 Nisan
Today is 3 days into the Omer. Hayom shloshah yamim baOmer.
19 Nisan
Today is 4 days into the Omer. Hayom arbaah yamim baOmer.
20 Nisan
Today is 5 days into the Omer. Hayom chamisha yamim baOmer.
21 Nisan
Today is 6 days into the Omer. Hayom shishah yamim baOmer.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


65 Counting the Omer Sefirat HaOmer

From Day 7 (22 Nisan, the last night of Pesach), count weeks and days
22 Nisan
Today makes 7 days, Hayom shivah yamim,
which is one week into the Omer. shehem shavua echad baOmer.
After counting the day, continue here.
________________________________ Closing Meditation ________________________________
May the merciful one restore Harachaman, hu yachazir
the Temple service avodat beit hamikdash
SP
to its proper place. limkomah.
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon lefanecha
Ruler, our God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
S
soon, in our days, bimherah veyamenu
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
and there we shall serve reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah
Sa
Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
Mal. 3:4
So that God will enjoy Vearvah lAdonai
the sacrifice of Judah and Jerusalem
minchat Yehudah Virushalayim
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
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Sa
S
SP


SP
Festival Morning Service

Festival Morning Service


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Like the evening service, the morning service consists of the Shema and an amidah. The Shema has appropriate
blessings before and after, and the amidah for holy days has one central blessing that speaks of the holiness of
this day, while the amidah for intermediate days has the thirteen central blessings of the weekday amidah. Our
call to prayer begins the Shema section. This is the heart of the morning service, but we prepare for it with two
Sa
sections of prayer and song: Dawn Blessings, and Poems and Songs.
As we rise in the morning, ancient words of blessing help us consider our identity as human beings with a
body to stretch and clothe, and as Jews with our own obligations and opportunities, history and literature.
We praise the Creator with selected psalms, devotional poetry that often speaks through the millennia to
modern concerns, and with other quotations from our scriptures.
Some people come late and miss the entire morning service. This is understandable but regrettable, since our
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morning Shema and amidah are the heart of our prayer service.
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Festival Morning Service 68

Dawn Blessings
___________________________ How Fair Mah Tovu __________________________
Num 24:5
Jacob, how fair your dwellings are
Mah tovu ohalecha Yaakov,
O Israelyour communities.
Mishkenotecha, Yisrael.
Ps 5:8
With your great kindness, Vaani berov chasdecha
I come to your house; avo veitecha;
SP
I bow to your holy sanctuary
eshtachaveh el heichal kodshecha
in reverence to you. beyiratecha.
Ps 26:8
God, I love your residence, Adonai, ahavti meon beitecha,
the place where your glory dwells.

umekom mishkan kevodecha.
Ps. 69:14
Sovereign, let my prayer
Vaani tefilati
S
be welcome when it comes; lecha Adonai et ratzon;
Sovereign, in kindness plentiful,
Elohim berov chasdecha,
1
answer me with salvation sure. aneni beemet yishecha.
Sa
_________________________________ Blessing for Tallit ________________________________
We bless you, O Ruler, Baruch ata Adonai
our God, who rules the world. Eloheinu melech haolam
You made us holy with your laws Asher kidshanu bemitzvotav
And told us to wrap ourselves in fringes.
vetzivanu lehitatef batzitzit.
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pl
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1
The Hebrew is rather elliptical; lit., And as for me, my prayer to you, Sovereign, may it be at an acceptable
time; Sovereign, in the abundance of your kindness, answer me in the truth of your salvation.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


69 Dawn Blessings

_________________ Dawn Blessings Birchot HaShachar ________________


We stand to thank God for a new day with these fifteen blessings;1 for discussion of these blessings, see page 427.
When the leader leads each blessing, we respond Amen.
1
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you taught the rooster asher natan lasechvi vina
to tell day from night. lehavchin bein yom uvein layla.Amen
SP
2
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you made me in your image. sheasani betzalmo. Amen
3
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
S
you made me a Jew. sheasani Yisrael. Amen

Girls and ladies say bat chorin, men and boys say ben chorin:
4
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
Sa
you made me a free person. - / sheasani ben/bat chorin. Amen
5
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you restore our sight. pokeach ivrim. Amen
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1
Originally, a person would say these blessings on waking up, opening the eyes, etc. Most are based on T. B.
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Berachot 60b, but 2, 3 and 4 are based on T. B. Menachot 43b. Traditional siddurim use the wording below so
that men can thank God that they are bound by more mitzvot than gentiles (no mitzvot), servants (some mitz-
vot) or women (nearly all mitzvot).
2
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shelo asani goy. Amen
that you did not make me a non-Jewish person.
3
that you did not make me a servant. shelo asani ahved. Amen
4 for men
that you did not make me a woman. shelo asani ishah. Amen
4 for women
that you made me as you wished. sheasani kirtzono. Amen

The fourth blessing for women may be said either with a sigh of resignation or with confidence that Gods final
creation and most successful design for a human was the woman.

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Festival Morning Service 70

6
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you clothe the naked. malbish arumim. Amen
7
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you remove our limitations. matir asurim. Amen
8
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
SP
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you set us up when were bent over. zokeif kefufim. Amen
9
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you stretch the earth over the water. roka haaretz al hamayim. Amen
S
10
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you make everything I need. - sheasah li kol tzorki. Amen
Sa
11
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
you guide each persons steps. - hamechin mitzadei gahver. Amen
12
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
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you brace Israel with courage. ozer Yisrael bigvurah. Amen
13
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
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you crown Israel with splendor. oter Yisrael betifarah. Amen
14
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule both space and time: Eloheinu melech haolam:
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you give strength to the weary. hanotein layaef koach. Amen
15
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch atah Adonai
you rule the world; Eloheinu melech haolam,
you drive sleep from our eyes hamaavir sheinah meeinai
and slumber from our eyelids. utenumah meafapai. Amen

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


71 Dawn Blessings

We are seated, and we pray for Gods help to keep us from trouble and temptation.
May your wish be x x Vihi ratzon milfanecha

ruling God, Adonai Eloheinu
God of our ancestors vElohei avoteinu
to make Torah our routine shetargileinu beToratecha
and bind us to your rules, vedabkeinu bemitzvotecha.
not to bring us into the clutches of error Veal tevieinu lo lidei chet
SP
or wrongdoing or sin velo lidei averah veavon
or temptation or disdain. velo lidei nisayon velo lidei vizayon.
Dont give us over to the evil urge, - Veal tashlet banu yetzer harah
but keep us far from a bad person veharchikeinu meadam ra
and a bad companion.1 umechaver ra.
S
Bind us to our good impulse Vedabkeinu beyetzer hatov
and good deeds, uvemaasim tovim
and make our nature bow to serve you. - - vechof et yitzreinu lehishtabed lach.
Sa
Grant this today and every day - Uteneinu hayom uvechol yom
for grace, kindness and mercy lechen lechesed ulerachamim
in your eyes and the eyes of all who see us, - beeinech uveeinei chol roeinu
and reward us with your good kindness. vetigmeleinu chasadim tovim.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
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who rewards2 with good kindness gomeil chasadim tovim
your people Israel. leamo Yisrael. Amen
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1
What makes us do something bad? We ask God to keep us out of trouble and away from those evil influ-
encesbad places, bad people and bad impulses.
We speak of our yetzer tov and yetzer ra, our good and evil impulse or inclination. The word yetzer is
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related to the Hebrew root for make, form or fashion (as you make a pot from clay). You might say the impulse
is what makes us an instrument of good or evil.
2
The idea of gomel is familiar today. People and companies that sense their own good fortune talk of giving
back to the community. In the same way, this Hebrew word for reward and repay is part of the Hebrew
idiom for charityGemilut chasadim or doing acts of lovingkindness. If you have the money, however
hard you worked for it, you have an obligation to help others.
So does God have an obligation to reward us? Yes, our liturgy says repeatedlynot for our own merit, but be-
cause of the good deeds of our ancestors.

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Festival Morning Service 72

_____________________ May Your Wish Be Yehi Ratzon _____________________


1
May your wish be Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Elohai
and God of my ancestors vElohei avotai
to protect me today and every day shetatzilenu hayom uvechol yom
from rude people and rude manners, meazei fanim umeazut panim,
from a bad person, a bad friend, meadam ra umechaver ra
SP
a bad neighbor, a troublemaker, umishachen ra umipega ra
a ruinous enemy, umisatan hamashchit
a harsh judgement and a harsh judge
midin kasheh umibaal din kasheh,
2
Jewish or not Jewish. bein shehu ven brit
uvein sheeino ven brit.
S
A person should always Leolam yehei adam
fear Heaven in secret3 and in public, yerei shamayim beseter uvagalui
Sa
4
be grateful for the truth umodeh al haemet
and speak truth deep inside vedover emet bilvavo
and get up early to say this: vayashkem veyomar:
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1
These are the humble supplications of a person with little earthly power. We ask God to keep us from trouble-
some peoplethieves, false accusers, drunk drivers, credit cheats, and so on.
2
Jewish is literally a child of the Covenant (or contract) referring to the Jews contract with God outlined
in the Shema.
3
In secret may refer to a time when saying Shema was illegal.
4
Why be thankful for the truth? Troublemakers distort the truth to get us in trouble though our conscience is
clear. Lets be grateful when truth clears us.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


73 Dawn Blessings

____________ Ruler of Every World Ribon Kol Haolamim ___________


1
Ruler of every world! Ribon kol haolamim!
Dan 9:18
Not because of our merits do we
lo al tzidkoteinu anachnu
submit our pleas to you,
mapilim tachanuneinu lefanecha,
but because of your great mercies.
ki al rachamecha harabim.
What are we, what is our life, Mah anachnu, meh chayeinu,
our devotion, our righteousness, - meh chasdenu, mah tzidkenu,
SP
our salvation, our strength - - mah yishenu, mah kochenu,
or our power? - mah gevuratenu?
What are we to say to you, Mah nomar lefanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors vElohei avoteinu ?
S
Arent all our heroes - Halo kol hagiborim
like nothing to you, keayin lefanecha,
famous people as if they never existed, veanshei hashem kelo hayu,
Sa
learned people like the ignorant vachachamim kivli mada
and wise people like fools? unevonim kivli haskel!
For all they achieved is chaos, Ki rov maaseihem tohu,
their lives are worth nothing to you. vimei chayeihem hevel lefanecha,
Eccles 3:19
People are no better than beasts umotar haadam min habhemah ayin,
m
its all useless. ki hakol havel.
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1
This prayer was composed for Yom Kippur, when we all feel depressed. When the humble person sees the
wonder of a new day, s/he feels unworthy and insignificant: as King Lear said to Edgar, Unadulterated man is
no more but such a poor, bare forked animal as thou art (King Lear III.iv.109-111). Prayerwe often say the
Hebrew root implies self-judgementbrings us both low and high, both to abject self-abhorrence (especially
before breakfast) and triumphant joy.

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Festival Morning Service 74

___________ But We Are Your People Aval Anachnu Amcha ___________


1
But we are your people, Aval anachnu amcha,
children of your contract, benei veritecha,
children of Abraham who loved you benei Avraham ohavcha
you made a promise to him shenishbata lo
on Mount Moriah behar haMoriyah,
we are the seed of his dear Isaac zera Yitzchak yechido
SP
who was tied on top of the altar, sheneekad al gav hamizbeach,
the people of your son Jacob, your first-born adat Yaakov bincha bechorecha
because of your love for him shemeahavatcha sheahavta oto
and the joy you took in him umisimchatcha shesamachta bo
you called him - karata et shemo
S
2
Israel and Jeshurun. Yisrael viYeshurun.
And so we are bound Lefichach anachnu chayavim
to thank you and praise you, lehodot lecha uleshabechacha,
Sa
to glorify, bless and sanctify you, ulefaercha ulevarech ulekadesh,
and to give praise and thanks to your name. velatet shevach vehodayah lishmecha.
m
pl
1
We have wallowed in the depths of misery, and now its time to pull ourselves up from the mire by our spiritu-
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al bootstraps. We have inherited Gods promise and love.
2
Jacob became Israel in Genesis 35:10 after wrestling with the angel. Jeshurun is mentioned in Deuteron-
omy 32:15: Jeshurun grew fat and kicked. The name comes from the Hebrew root for straight or direct,
and we like to interpret this as a name for Israel when it is morally upright. However, the only time the name is
used in the Torah is here, when Jeshurun is a fat assoops, a well-fed donkeyand since it has enough to eat,
it has become rebellious.
When Oliver Twist becomes refractory, Mr. Bumble explains why: Its not Madness its Meat. If you
had kept the boy on gruel, maam, this would never have happened (Oliver Twist, Chapter VII).

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


75 Dawn Blessings

We are so lucky! How good is our lot, - Ashreinu mah tov chelkenu
how fair our fortune, - umah naim goralenu
how delightful our heritage.
umah yafah yerushatenu.
We are so lucky that Ashreinu sheanachnu
early and late, mashkimim umaarivim
morning and evening erev vavoker
1
we say twice a day: - veomrim paamayim bechol yom:
SP
We join the prayer leader, saying the next two lines aloud.
Deut. 6:4
Listen, descendants of Israel: Shema, Yisrael:
The Ruler is our God; the Ruler is one. 2
Adonai Eloheinu; Adonai echad.
We say the next two lines in an undertone:
Blessed is Gods name, Baruch shem
S
the glory of whose reign lasts forever.3 kevod malchuto leolam vaed.

It was you4 Atah hu


back before the world was created, ad shelo nivrah haolam;
Sa
it was you atah hu
since the world was created, mishenivra haolam
its you in this world atah hu baolam hazeh,
and its you in the World to Come. veatah hu laolam haba.
m
1
From the depths of despair, we return to the heights of joy; this is the spirit in which we say Shema. Birnbaum
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(Daily Prayer Book, p. 23) says that Babylonian authorities forbade our reciting Shema because they saw our
declaration of Gods unity as a challenge to their beliefs.
2
The of and of are large letters. Together, they form the Hebrew word , witness; with this
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declaration of Gods unity, we Jews bear witness to our faith. Another reason for the large letters is to avoid
misreading ( perhaps) for and ( another) for , which would replace our confident faith with
agnostic uncertainty! Some say the large letters express hope for Gods universal acceptance in the four ()
corners of the earth and among the seventy ( )nations of the world (Genesis chapter X lists Noahs seventy
grandsons, so were all descendants of Gen X-ers).
3
This phrase is a response to hearing Gods name. In the Temple, the people would respond with this phrase
when they heard the High Priest pronounce Gods name on Yom Kippur (Mishna Yoma, 3:9).
4
In this passage, we express the eternity of the God we described in Shema.

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Festival Morning Service 76

Make your name holy - Kadesh et shimcha


1
through the martyrs, al makdishei shemecha,
and make it holy throughout your world; - vekadesh et shimcha beolamecha,
and as you save us, uvishuatcha
raise and heighten our glory.2 tarim vetagbia karnenu.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
SP
3
who makes your name holy far and wide. - mekadesh et shimcha barabim. Amen

___________________________ Its You Atah Hu ___________________________


Its you, Ruler, our God, Atah hu Adonai Eloheinu
in heaven and earth,
bashamayim uvaaretz,
S
4
in the high reaches of the sky. uvishmei hashamayim haelyonim.
Really, you are first Emet, atah hu rishon
and you are last, veatah hu acharon,
5
and aside from you there is no God. umibaladecha ein Elohim.
Sa
Gather those who hope in you Kabetz kovecha
6
from the four corners of the earth. mearba kanfot haaretz.
Theyll see and know, Yakiru veyedu
all creatures that stir on the earth, that - kol baei olam ki
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II Kings 19:15
you are God, you alone,
atah hu haElohim levadcha
7
for all the nations of the world; lechol mamlechot haaretz.
You made Atah asita
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heaven and earth, et hashamayim veet haaretz,
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1
Martyrs are people who died al kidush hashem, to make Gods name holy.
2
Our glory is literally our hornthe weapon of the aggressive bull, and the horn of plenty.
3
Among the many.
4
The heavens of the high heavens.
5
Refers to Isaiah 44:6: I am the first, and I am the last, and there is no God except for me.
6
The four corners of the earth is figurative.
7
God is for all nations, not just the Jewsa sentiment echoed in Aleinu.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


77 Dawn Blessings

the sea, and everything in them. - - - et hayam veet kol asher bam,
And who of those you formed - umi bechol maasei yadecha
above or below baelyonim o vatachtonim
can ask you, What will you do? sheyomar lecha: Mah taaseh?
Heavenly source of life, Avinu shebashamayim,
be kind to us asei imanu chesed
for the sake of your great name baavur shimcha hagadol
SP
which was pronounced upon us, shenikra aleinu,
and fulfill for us, ruling God, - vekayem lanu, Adonai Eloheinu,
what is written: mah shekatuv:
Zeph 3:20
Then I will bring you Baeit hahi avi etchem
and then I will gather you, uvaeit kabtzi etchem,
S
to present you for fame and honor ki eten etchem leshem velithilah
among all the peoples of the world, bechol amei haaretz,
when I bring about your return

beshuvi et shevuteichem
Sa
1
before your own eyes, says God. leeineichem, amar Adonai.
m
pl
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1
This promise of salvation is the last verse of the Book of Zephaniah. And has it not come true (despite daily
problems of reality) with the founding of the State of Israel?

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Festival Morning Service 78

__________________________________Rabbinic Texts1 _________________________________


Avot deRabbi Natan, 4:5
Once, Paam achat hayah
2
Raban Yochanan ben Zakkai - Raban Yochanan ben Zakkai
was leaving Jerusalem;
yotzeh miYrushalayim,
Rabbi Yehoshuah walked vehaya Rabi Yehoshuah
behind him as his student holech acharav,
SP
and saw the Temple ruined. - veraah et Beit Hamikdash charev.
Rabbi Yehoshuah said: Amar Rabi Yehoshuah:
Alas for us! Its ruined, Oy lanu al zeh, shehu charev,
the place where people atoned makom shemechaprim bo
for Israels sins. avonoteihem shel Yisrael!
S
Raban Yochanan said to him, Amar lo Raban Yochanan:
Child, dont get upset. Beni, al yera lecha.
We have another atonement, Yesh lanu kaparah acheret,
Sa
as good as this. shehi kemotah.
What is it? Acts of kindness, ? Veezo? Gemilut chasadim,
As its said: Sheneemar:
Hosea 6:6
I want kindness, not sacrifice! Ki chesed chafatzti velo zavach!
m
pl
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1
As part of our morning prayer, we study texts. Many siddurim include source material on the sacrificial sys-
tem, from the Torah, Talmud and Mishnah. We follow the lead of Sim Shalom with texts on lovingkindness and
other suitable topics. Study ends the section of dawn blessings.
2
We credit Yochanan ben Zakkai with saving Judaism after the destruction of the Temple. He escaped from the
siege of Jerusalem, faced the Roman general Vespasian, and secured permission to found an academy in
Yavneh. He founded Rabbinic Judaism.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


79 Dawn Blessings

__________________________________ Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah, 49b __________________________________


Rabbi Elazar said, Amar Rabi Elazar,
What does this quotation mean: Mai dichtiv,
Micah 6:8 1
Humanity, you know whats right Higid lecha, Adam, mah tov,
and what God wants of you:
umah Adonai doresh mimcha:
only to act justly, ki im asot mishpat
to act with lovingkindness, veahavat chesed,
SP
2
and to be modest about doing right. vehatzneah lechet im Elohecha.?
To act justly, Asot mishpat,
this refers to the legal system. zeh hadin.
Lovingkindness, Veahavat chesed,
this refers to performing acts of kindness. zo gemilut chasadim.
S
To be modest about doing right, Vehatzneah lechet im Elohecha,
this means taking out the dead for burial zo hotzaat hamet
and bringing the bride to the wedding canopy vehachnasat kalah lechupah.
Sa
with all that she needs.
Rabbi Elazar said, Amar Rabi Elazar,
A person who gives charity is a great person, Gadol haoseh tzedakah
more than one who brings all the sacrifices, - yoter mikol hakorbanot,
as we are told: sheneemar,
m
Prov 21:3
Acting with charity and justice
Asoh tzedakah umishpat
is what God chooses above sacrifices. nivchar lAdonai mizavach.
And Rabbi Elazar said, Veamar Rabi Elazar,
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Charity doesnt pay Ein tzedakah mishtalemet
except according to the kindness of the act, elah lefi chesed shebah,
as we are told: sheneemar:
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Hosea 10:12
Sow for yourselves in charity, Ziru lachem litzdakah;
and reap according to kindness. kitzru lefi chesed.

1
It has been told you, O earthling, what is good.
2
And to walk humbly with your God; when you are walking with God, you are doing the right thing. But
dont be self-righteous; be modest!

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Festival Morning Service 80

Our Rabbis taught: Tanu Rabanan:


In three ways Bishloshah devarim
is the performance of kindness gedolah gemilut chasadim
greater than charity. yoter min hatzedakah.
Charity is giving your money, Tzedakah bemamono,
but kindness gemilut chasadim
is giving yourself or your money. bein begufo, bein bemamono.
SP
Charity is giving to the poor, Tzedakah laoniyim;
but kindness gemilut chasadim
can be given to either poor or rich. bein laoniyim, bein laashirim.
Charity is for the living, Tzedakah lachayim;
but kindness gemilut chasadim
S
is for both the living and the dead. bein lachayim, bein lametim.
__________________________________ Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah, 49b __________________________________
Rabbi Elazar said, Amar Rabi Elazar:
Sa
Anyone who acts with charity and justice
- Kol haoseh tzedakah umishpat
is like one who has filled keilu mileh
the entire world with kindness, - kol haolam kulo chesed,
as we are told: sheneemar:
Ps 33:5
When one loves charity and justice,
Ohev tzedakah umishpat
m
Gods kindness has filled the earth. chesed Adonai malah haaretz.

Rabbi Elazar said, Amar Rabi Elazar,


pl
What does this quotation mean: Mai dichtiv:
Prov 31:26
She opens her lips with wisdom, Piha patchah vechochmah,
the Torah of kindness is on her tongue.

vetorat chesed al leshonah?
e
So, is there a Torah of kindness Vechi yesh Torah shel chesed
and another Torah veyesh Torah sheeinah
without kindness? No! Theres only one Torah! shel chesed?
Following Torah for its own sake, Elah Torah lishmah,
this is the Torah of kindness; zo hi Torat chesed,
following Torah for some other motive, shelo lishmah,

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81 Dawn Blessings

this is the Torah without kindness! zo hi Torah sheeinah shel chesed!


And some say,
Ikah deamrei,
Torah for the sake of learning, Torah lelamdah,
this is the Torah of kindness; zo hi Torah shel chesed;
Torah for some other motive than learning, shelo lelamdah,
this is Torah without kindness! zo hi Torah sheeinah shel chesed.
______________________________________ Sifre Deuteronomy, Ekev ______________________________________
SP
Deut 11:22
To follow all Gods ways. Lalechet bechol derachav,

These are the ways eilu darchei
of the Holy One, whom we bless, haKadosh Baruch Hu,
as we are told: sheneemar:
Ex 34:6-7
S
God, God, Adonai, Adonai,
is a God both merciful and gracious, El rachum vechanun
patient, and great in kindness and truth,
erech apayim, verav chesed veemet
ensuring mercy for thousands of generations,
notzer chesed laalafim
Sa
tolerating sin, transgression and wrong,
noseh avon vafesha vechataah
and cleansing people of their guilt venakeh.

Just as God, who is everywhere, Mah haMakom


is called merciful and gracious. nikrah rachum vechanun,
m
so should you be merciful and gracious. af atah hevei rachum vechanun.
Just as the Holy One, whom we bless, Mah haKadosh Baruch Hu
is called righteous, nikrah tzadik,
pl
as we are told: sheneemar:
Ps: 145:17
Righteous is God in all Gods ways
Tzadik Adonai bechol derachav,
so should you be righteous. af atah hevei tzadik.
e
The Holy One, whom we bless, HaKadosh Baruch Hu
is called kind, nikrah chasid,
as we are told: sheneemar:
Ps. 145:17
And kind in all Gods works Vechasid bechol maasav,
so should you be kind. af atah hevei chasid.

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Festival Morning Service 82

___________________________________ Babylonian Talmud, Sotah, 14a ___________________________________


Rabbi Chamah said, Amar Rabi Chamah
quoting Rabbi Chaninah: beRabi Chaninah,
What does this quotation mean: Mai dichtiv,
Deut 13:5
After your ruling God shall you walk.
Acharei Adonai Eloheichem telechu.
Really, is it possible for a human being Vechi efshar lo leadam
to walk after the divine presence? lahaloch achar Shechinah?
SP
Surely, it means to conduct oneself Elah lahaloch
in accordance with the character traits achar midotav
of the Holy One, whom we bless. shel haKadosh Baruch Hu.
Just as God clothes the naked, Mah hu malbish arumim,
so should you clothe the naked. af atah halbesh arumim.
S
The Holy One, whom we bless, HaKadosh Baruch Hu
visited the sick; biker cholim;
so should you visit the sick. af atah baker cholim.
Sa
The Holy One, whom we bless, HaKadosh Baruch Hu
comforted the mourners; nichem avelim;
so should you comfort mourners. af atah nachem avelim.
The Holy One, whom we bless, HaKadosh Baruch Hu
buried the dead; kavar metim;
m
so should you bury the dead. af atah kevor metim.
Rav Simlai explained: Darash Rav Simlai:
As for Torah Torah,
pl
its beginning is a kind deed, techilatah gemilut chasadim,
and its end is a kind deed. vesofah gemilut chasadim.
Its beginning is a kind deed, Techilatah gemilut chasadim,
e
as is written: dichtiv:
Genesis 3:21
Ruling God made
Vayaas Adonai Elohim
the man and his wife
leAdam uleishto
garments of skin, and clothed them. kotnot or, vayalbishem.

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83 Dawn Blessings

And its end is a kind deed, Vesofah gemilut chasadim,


as is written: dichtiv:
Deut 34:6
God buried Moses in the valley, Vayikbor oto vagai,
1
in the land of Moab.
beeretz Moav.

________________________________ Interpreting Torah2 ________________________________


Rabbi Ishmael says: Rabi Yishmael omer:
SP
By thirteen types of inferences bishlosh esreh midot
the Torah may be explained: haTorah nidreshet.
1
From an easy case to a strict case, and vice versa. Mikal vachomer.
2
From a similar phrase in two places.
Umigzerah shavah.
3
From a general principle derived Mibinyan av
S
from a single text mikatuv echad,
and from a general principle umibinyan av
derived from two related texts. mishnei ketuvim.
4
From an ostensibly general rule Miklal ufrat.
Sa
restricted to specific cases.
5
And from an ostensibly specific
Umiprat uchelal.
case expanded to a general rule.
6
A general principle followed by specifics Klal ufrat
m
3
and then another general principle: uchlal
you can only rule ee ata dan
that it applies to the specific cases. elah keein haprat.
7
pl
From a general rule Miklal
that needs a specific case to explain it shehu tzarich lifrat
and from a specific case umiprat
e
that needs a general rule to explain it. shehu tzarich lichlal.

1
Jewish texts I have seen omit the sheva under the yod in , but its in the Westminster Leningrad Codex.
2
The thirteen principles of scriptural interpretation are from Sifra, a work that explains Leviticus, and they give
insight into the exegetical methods of our sages.
3
Leviticus 14:9 gives an example of this principle.

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Festival Morning Service 84

8
Anything that was Kol davar shehaya
included in a general rule bichlal
but was taken out of that rule veyatza min haklal
to demonstrate something, lelamed,
it does not refer only to itself, lo lelamed al atzmo yatza,
but to make a point elah lelamed
1
about the general rule. al haklal kulo yatza.
SP
9
Anything that was included in a general rule Kol davar shehu bichlal
but was used for a specific case veyatza liton toan echad
similar to the general rule, shehu cheinyano,
it was used to make the rule more lenient, yatza lehakel,
not more stringent. velo lehachamir.
S
10
Anything that was Kol davar shehu
included in a general rule bichlal
but was used veyatza
Sa
for a specific case that is different, liton toan acher
not like the general rule, shehu cheinyano,
it was used to make the rule more lenient yatza lehakel,
and more stringent. ulehachamir.
11
Anything that was included in a general rule Kol davar shehayah bichlal
m
but was taken out veyatza
to be considered as a new topic, lidon badavar hechadash,
you cant ee atah yachol
pl
put it back into the general rule lehachaziro lichlalo,
until holy scripture puts it back ad sheyachazirenu hakatuv
into its general rule, explicitly. lichlalo beferush.
e
1
Any thing that was in a general rule and came out of the general rule (i.e., was used by itself) to teach (i.e., to
make a point), not to teach about itself did it come out (i.e., it was not taken by itself only to make a point about
itself), but to teach about the whole general rule did it come out (i.e., it was taken in order to make a point that
applies to the general rule).

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85 Dawn Blessings

12
A topic explained by its context, Davar halamed meinyano,
and a topic explained by what follows. vedavar halamed misofo.
13
And in the same way, two scriptural passages Vechen, shnei chetuvim
that contradict each other hamachchishim zeh et zeh
their meaning is unclear until there is ad sheyavo
a third passage hakatuv hashlishi
that reconciles them. veyachria beineihem.
SP
Choose one of the following two passages.

________________________ May This Be Yehi Ratzon _______________________


May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
S
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
to grant our rights in your Torah, shetiten chelkenu beToratecha,
that we may join the students venihyeh mitalmidav
Sa
of Aaron the High Priest, shel Aharon hakohen,
who loved peace and sought peace, ohev shalom verodef shalom,
loved all creatures ohev et habriyot
and brought them to the Torah. umekorvan laTorah.

________________________ May This Be Yehi Ratzon _______________________


m
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
pl
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
soon, in our days, bimherah veyameinu
e
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
and there we shall serve you reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah
Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.

Mourners lead Teachers Kaddish, page 373.

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Festival Morning Service 86

___________________________________ Daily Psalms __________________________________


We include the psalm of the day and add Psalm 27 on Sukkot through Hoshanah Rabbah; some add the daily
psalm at the end of the service. After each of these psalms, mourners lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
Psalm 24, for Sunday
Today is the first day of the week, Hayom yom rishon bashabbat,
on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
SP
1
A psalm by David. LeDavid mizmor:
Gods is the world, with all it holds,
LAdonai haaretz umloah,
1
The land on which all people dwell, tevel veyoshvei vah,
2
For God fixed earth on running streams ki hu al yamim yesadah,
Spread land oer mighty oceans swell.2 veal neharot yechonneha.
S
3
On Gods hill, who can make thascent Mi yaaleh vehar Adonai,
To reach Gods holy station?
umi yakum bimkom kodsho?
4
The pure of heart, the innocent: Neki chapayim uvar levav,
Sa
Without equivocation, asher lo nasah lashav nafshi,
3
Their vow is their intent. velo nishbah lemirmah.
5
Gods blessing will upon them smile, Yisa verachah meet Adonai,
Defending them in every trial.4
utzedakah meElohei yisho.
6
For these are Jacobs children, who Ze dor dorshav,
m
5
Seek only, God, to be with you. Selah. mevakshei fanecha, Yaakov. Selah.
7
Now raise your beams, O gates, stretch high; Seu shearim rosheichem,
Doors of the world, reach to the sky vehinasu pitchei olam,
pl
1
The glorious sovereign is nigh! veyavo melech hakavod.
e
1
To God belongs the world and its contents, the lived-on land and its inhabitants.
2
For God founded it above waters, and established it above rivers.
3
The clean of hands and pure of heart, who has not held me in balance (i.e., has not given me an elusive an-
swer, or equivocated) nor sworn deceitfully.
4
Such a person will bear a blessing from God, vindication from the God of his/her salvation.
5
This is the generation of his (Jacobs) generations (i..e., these are Jacobs distant descendants), who seek your
presenceJacob! As for the meaning of Selah, if I knew, I would have given it an English equivalent. It
may be a musical instruction for the singing of the psalm.

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87 Dawn Blessings

8
Who is this sovereign glorious? Mi zeh melech hakavod?
Its mighty God, who fights for us, Adonai izuz vegibor,
2
Unfailingly victorious! Adonai gibor milchamah.
9
Now raise your beams, O gates, stretch high; Seu shearim rosheichem,
Doors of the world, reach to the sky
useu pitchei olam,
The glorious sovereign is nigh! veyavo melech hakavod.
10
Who is this sovereign glorious? Mi hu zeh melech hakavod?
SP
The God of hosts, who fights for us; Adonai tzevaot,
3
God is the sovereign glorious. Selah! hu melech hakavod. Selah!
_______________________________________ Psalm 48, for Monday _______________________________________
Today is the second day of the week, Hayom yom sheni bashabbat,
S
on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
1 4
A song, a tune, for Korachs sons. Shir mizmor livnei Korach.
2
Great is God and greatly praised
Gadol Adonai umehulal meod
Sa
in Gods town, Gods holy hill. beir Eloheinu, har kodsho.
3
A lovely place, joy of all the earth, Yefeh nof, mesos kol haaretz,
5
is Mount Zion, far to the North,
Har Tziyon, yarketei tzafon,
a great kings city. kiryat melech rav.
m
4
In all its citadels, God is acknowledged

Elohim bearmenoteha nodah
6
as the strongest citadel of all. lemisgav.
pl
1
Oh gates, raise your heads ; be lifted up, doors of the world, and the sovereign of glory will enter. No earth-
ly gate is high enough to admit God.
2
Who is this ruler of glory? God, mighty and heroic; God is a hero of war.
e
3
Who is this ruler of glory? God of armies: God is the ruler of glory.
4
This psalm may be written by Korachs descendants (just as many psalms are by King David), or it may
have been used by them in the Temple service.
5
In the northern part of Jerusalem.
6
God, among its strongholds, is known as a stronghold. may be translated as in its palaces instead
of strongholds: a royal residence is both luxurious, a palace, and well-protected, a stronghold. The great for-
tresses of Jerusalem, where the great king lives, concede that its safer to be with God than to seek shelter in
any citadel.

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Festival Morning Service 88

5
For look, the kings congregated,
Ki hineh hamlachim noadu,
they came over together; avru yachdav.
6
they saw and were astonished, hemah rau, ken tamahu;
they panicked and ran away, nivhalu, nechpazu;
7
trembling gripped them there, readah achazatam sham,
pangs, like a woman in labor chil kayoledah.
8
with an east wind Beruach kadim
SP
you shatter the ships of Tarshish. teshaber oniyot Tarshish.
9 1
We had heard of it, then we saw it, Kaasher shamanu, ken rainu
in the city of the Ruler of Hosts, beir Adonai Tzevaot,
in the city of our God beir Eloheinu
S
may God establish it forever.Selah.
Elohim yechoneneha ad olam. Selah.
10
God, we thought of your kindness
Diminu, Elohim, chasdecha
inside your sanctuary. bekerev heichalecha.
11
Like your reputation, God,
Keshimcha, Elohim,
Sa
your praise reaches the worlds end ken tehilatcha al katzvei aretz:
righteousness fills your right hand. tzedek malah yeminecha.
12
Mount Zion will rejoice,
Yismach Har Tziyon,
Judahs daughters celebrate
tagelnah benot Yehudah
m
because of your judgements!2 lemaan mishpatecha.
13
Surround Zion, encircle her, Sobu Tziyon vehakifuha,
count off her towers. sifru migdaleha.
pl
14
Study the fortifications, Shitu libchem lecheilah
3
inspect the top of her strongholds pasgu armenoteha,
4
so you can tell future generations lemaan tesapru ledor acharon.
e
1
As we had heard, so did we see.
2
I.e., when God executes judgement on bad people.
3
is a plural imperative, Be at the top her towers with your eyes.
4
The last generation.

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89 Dawn Blessings

15
That this is God:
Ki zeh Elohim,
our God is forever: Eloheinu olam vaed;
God will guide us beyond death.
hu yenahagenu al mut.
_______________________________________ Psalm 82, for Tuesday _______________________________________
Today is the third day of the week, Hayom yom shelishi bashabbat,

on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
SP

1 1
A tune by Assaf. Mizmor leAssaf.
God stands in the courthouse2
Elohim nitzav beadat El,
3
judging among the judges.
bekerev elohim yishpot.
2
How long will you judge unfairly, Ad matai tishpetu avel
S
4
bringing satisfaction to the wicked? Selah!
ufenei reshaim tisu? Selah.
3
Judge the poor and the orphan;
Shiftu dal veyatom;
do justice for the humble and destitute. oni varash hatzdiku.
4
Rescue the poor and needy
Paltu dal veevyon;
Sa
save them from the power of the wicked. miyad reshaim hatzilu.
5
They dont know, dont understand Lo yadu, velo yavinu;
they walk in darkness, bachashecha yithalachu
5
weakening the worlds foundations.
yimotu kol mosdei aretz.
m
6
I told them, You are judges,
Ani amarti, Elohim atem,
children of the Most High;
uvenei Elyon kulchem.
7
even so, you will die like all humans Achen, keadam temutun,
pl
and fall like some petty potentate.
ucheachad hasarim tipolu.
e
1
Psalms 73-83 are , to or for or by Assaf.
2
In the congregation of God; presumably, because true justice is a divine attribute, the place where justice is
dispensed is a place where people congregate to acknowledge God.
3
While is often a term for God, sometimes it seems to refer to human judges. When applied to God, it
suggests divine justice (rather than compassion).
4
And raise the face of the wicked, making them the opposite of our word downcast.
5
All the foundations of the world are moved. If justice is one of the founding principles of the world, unjust
judges may weaken the very existence of the world.

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Festival Morning Service 90

8
O God, arise and judge the world,
Kumah, Elohim, shaftah haaretz,
1
bringing your rule to every nation. ki atah tinchal bechol hagoyim.
_____________________________________ Psalm 94, for Wednesday _____________________________________
Today is the fourth day of the week, Hayom yom revii bashabbat,

on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
1
God of vengeance, God! El nekamot, Adonai,
SP

God of vengeance, show yourself!
El nekamot, hofia.
2
Arise, judge of the world: Hinaseh, shofet haaretz,
give the arrogant what they deserve! hashev gemul al geim.
3
How long will the wicked, O God, Ad matai reshaim, Adonai,
S
how long will the wicked rejoice? ad matai reshaim yaalozu?
4
They bluster and brag, Yabiu, yedabru atak;
they boast, all these evildoers. yitamru kol poalei aven.
5
They bully your people Amcha, Adonai, yedaku,
Sa
and humiliate your own. venachalatcha yeanu.
6
They kill the widow and stranger,
Almanah veger yaharogu,
murder the orphan.

vitomim yerachetzu.
7
They say, God wont see;
Vayomru, Lo yireh Yah,
m
Jacobs God wont know! velo yavin Elohei Yaakov.
8
Wise up, you brutes among the people; Binu, boarim baam,
fools, when will you realize?

uchesilim, matai taskilu?
pl
9
God gave us ears: you think God cant hear?
Hanotah ozen, halo yishmah?
2
God made the eye: can God not see? Im yotzer ayin, halo yabit?
10
God punishes nations: will God not chide,

Hayoser goyim, halo yochiach,
e
who teaches humans whatever they know! hamelamed adam daat?

1
For you shall inherit all nations implies that God will control and impose Gods beneficial will upon the
nations.
2
The one who planted ears in our heads, God, do you think he wont hear what you say? Do you seriously
think that the one who formed the eye will not look at what you do?

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91 Dawn Blessings

11
God knows peoples thoughts, Adonai yodeah machshevot adam,
how silly they are. ki hemah havel.
12
Lucky is the person whom God chides
Ashrei hagever asher teyasrenu Yah
and teaches from Gods law
umiToratcha telamdenu,
13
to be at peace in evil days lehashkit lo mimei rah
until a grave is dug for the wicked! ad yikareh larashah shachat.
14
God will not desert Gods people Ki lo yitosh Adonai amo,
SP
nor abandon Gods own. venachalato lo yaazov.
15
The verdict will return to justice, Ki ad tzedek yashuv mishpat,
and all the upright will follow it. veacharav kol yishrei lev.
16
Who will stand up to the wicked,
Mi yakum li im mereim,
S
stand with me against evildoers? mi yityatzev li im poalei aven?
17
If God had not helped me,
Lulei Adonai ezratah li,
my spirit would soon have been at peace! kimat shochnah dumah nafshi!
18
Had I said, My foot has slipped, Im amarti, Matah ragli,
Sa
Your kindness, God, had nurtured me.
chasdecha, Adonai, yisadeni.
19 1
When I am absorbed in my thoughts, Berov sarapai bekirbi,
your comforts bring me delight. tanchumecha yeshaashu nafshi.
20
Can an unjust court be your companion Hayechovrecha kiseh havot,
m
2
since it makes mischief the law? yotzer amal alei chok?
21
They conspire against the just Yagodu al nefesh tzadik,
and condemn innocent blood. vedam naki yarshiu.
pl
22
But God is my stronghold,
Vihi Adonai li lemisgav,
my God is my safe refuge.3 vElohai letzur machsi.
e
1
There being many thoughts within methis may refer to the distractions of an active brain, or the medita-
tions of a peaceful heart.
2
Could your companion be the official seat of evil, which makes trouble founded upon law?
3
The rock of my protection, for one may feel safe hiding behind a rock.

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Festival Morning Service 92

23
God will turn their evil against them, Vayashev aleihim et onam,
cut them off in their wickedness;
uveraatam yatzmitem,
God, our God, will cut them off! yatzmitem Adonai Eloheinu!
When reciting the Daily Psalm for Wednesday, add Psalm 95:1-3
Ps. 95:1-3
Come, sing for joy to God on high, Lechu neranena lAdonai;
On whose salvation we rely.1 nariah letzur yishenu.
2
Approach God with a thankful heart
Nekadmah fanav betodah
SP
With songs of praise to take your part. Bizmirot, nariah lo.
3
For a great God is Adonai, Ki El gadol Adonai
2
Above all powers ruling high,
Umelech gadol al kol elohim.
______________________________________ Psalm 81, for Thursday ______________________________________
Today is the fifth day of the week, Hayom yom chamishi bashabbat,
S

on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
1 3
For the conductor, on the gittit, by Asaf. Lamnatzeach, al hagittit, leAsaf.
Sa
2
To God, our refuge, sing in joy,
Harninu lElohim uzenu,
To Jacobs God call out in glee: Hariu lElohei Yaakov.
3
Raise your voice and beat the drum,

Seu zimrah utenu tof
4
With harp and lyre for harmony. Kinnor naim im nahvel.
m
4 5
Let shofar blasts hail the new moon Tiku vachodesh shofar,
To mark our days festivity. Bakeseh leyom chageinu.
5
For this is Israels rule, Ki chok leYisrael hu,
pl
6
Studied in Gods own school! Mishpat lElohei Yaakov.
e
1
Sing to the rock of our salvation; the rock is a firm foundation for our faith
2
Powersthe Hebrew could be gods or heavenly powers.
3
What is a gittit? Nobody is sure.
4
The drum could be like a tambourine, the kinnor is a type of lyre; in Sumer, a lyre could be a big thing you
rest on the ground. The Midrash says the nahvel (lyre) was so called because its ravishing sound shamed all
other instruments.
5
The new moon may refer to Rosh Hashanah, when we use this verse for evening kiddush.
6
A judgement for the God of Jacob.

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93 Dawn Blessings

6
Joseph1 heard this law when he Edut biYhosef samo
Left foreign tongue in Egypt land. Betzeto al eretz Mitzrayim,
Sefat lo yadati eshmah.
7
I freed his shoulder from its toil,
Hasiroti misevel shichmo,
From servants pail I took his hand. Kapav midud taavorna.
8
You cried in pain, I set you free, Batzarah karata vaachaltzeka;
In thunder met your mute demand.2 Eencha beseter raam evchancha
SP
You opposed me, even so, Al mei merivah. Selah.
3
Where Meribahs waters flow. Selah.
9
My people, if you heed my call
Shema ami, veaidah bach;
Israel, listen to me now!

Yisrael, im tishmah li,
10
No heathen deities will you take, Lo yihyeh vecha el zar,
S

To foreign gods you shall not bow.
Velo tishtachaveh leel nechar.
11
I am your God: I raised you, I, Anochi Adonai Elohecha,
4
From Egypt. I fulfilled my vow. Hamaalcha meeretz Mitzrayim:
Sa
Gape, like the birds young brood:
Harchev picha vaamalehu.
Ill fill you full of food.5
12
My people would not hear my voice.
Velo shama ami lekoli,
No, Israel cared no whit for me. VeYisrael lo avah li.
m
13
I let them chase their every lust Vaashalchehu bishrirut libi,
And follow their own vanity. Yelchu bemoatzoteichem.
14
Would they had heeded me Lu ami shomeah li, Yisrael,
pl
And walked my way, the path of purity. bidrachai yehalechu.
e
1
Josephs name became Yhoseph, tradition says, after he refused Potiphars wife (Gen.39).
2
Translators differ over who was thunder and who was mute: did Israel cry out with thunderous voice and God
answer quietly, or did Israel cry out quietly and God answer in thunder? We can appreciate the Psalmists con-
trast between Gods public salvation and the Israelites private pain.
3
God tested the Israelites at Meribah (Num. 20).
4
God promised Abraham that his descendants would suffer and be saved (Gen. 15).
5
As God fed them with quails and manna in the desert (Num. 11).

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Festival Morning Service 94

15
In a flash, Id trounce their foes, Kimat oyveihem achniah
1
My hand would crush their woes. Veal tzareihem ashiv yadi.
16
Gods enemies will crawl Mesanei Adonai
2
cringing from their tricks; Yechachashu lo,
I see their hearts: their fate is ever fixed.
Vihi itam leolam.
17
But you shall feast on choicest cream of wheat, Vayaachilehu mechelev chitah,
On honey from the Rockall you can eat!3
Umitzur devash asbieka.
SP
_______________________________________ Psalm 93, for Friday _______________________________________
Today is the sixth day of the week, Hayom yom shishi bashabbat,
on which the Levites would recite shebo hayu haLeviim omrim
this psalm in the Temple: beVeit haMikdash.
S
1
God reigns, enrobed in regal grace, Adonai malach: geut lavesh,
Robed in grace and cloaked in power; lavesh Adonai, oz hitazar.
Earth cannot slip in Gods embrace;

Af tikon tevel bal timot.
Sa
2
Firm is your throne from the first hour; Nachon kisacha meaz,
Eternal is your place. meolam atah.

3
God, streams have raised, Nasu neharot, Adonai,
yes raised their voice; nasu neharot kolam,
m
The rivers crash and roar: yisu neharot dochyam.
4
Let mighty waters make their noise, Mikolot mayim rabim
The breakers on the shore: adirim mishberei yam,
pl
Gods strength is more, much more! adir bamarom Adonai.
e
1
I would turn my hand against their troubles / oppressors.
2
The root means deceive and become weak, cringe and tricks suggest both meanings.
3
The fatty or creamy part of the wheat berry is a delicacy (sorry, kids); at least, it beats a spoonful of bran!
Honey from the Rock is perhaps solid sweetener or rock candy; who knows?

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


95 Dawn Blessings

5
Your promises will be fulfilled: Edotecha neemnu meod
Your sacred house you shall rebuild,
levetcha naavah kodesh,
Sovereign, for evermore. Adonai, leorech yamim.

After the daily psalm, mourners and those observing yahrzeit lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
_______________________________ Psalm 27, for the Season of Repentance _______________________________
On Sukkot, through Hoshanah Rabbah, add Psalm 27.
SP
1
A psalm of David: LeDavid
God lights my way and saves me from alarm.
Adonai ori veyishi, mimi irah?
God is my life-force. Who can do me harm? Adonai maoz chayai, mimi efchad?
2
When evil people came Bikrov alai mereim
my flesh to eat,
leechol et besari
S
My irksome foes slipped, tzarai veoyvai li
1
fell down at my feet. hemah kashlu venafalu.
3
Let armies camp!

Im tachaneh alai machaneh
my heart will not take fright.
lo yirah libi;
Sa
Let war come; im takum alai milchamah
still I know that this is right. bezot ani voteach.
4
One thing I asked of God, Achat shaalti meet Adonai,
for this I pray: otah avakesh:
m
To sit in Gods own house shivti beveit Adonai
living each day, kol yemei chayai,
To view Gods grace, lachazot benoam Adonai
pl
2
and in Gods Temple stay.
ulevaker beheichalo.
e
1
A Psalm of David: God is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? God is the power of my life; of
whom shall I be afraid? When evil people came at me, to devour my fleshmy troubles, my enemiesthey
stumbled and fell!
2
If an army camps against me, my heart will not fear. If war rises against me, this is what Ill rely on. One
thing I asked from God, this is my request: to sit in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to view the
sweetness of God and to be a visitor in his Temple.

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Festival Morning Service 96

5
For God will keep me safe in evil days, Ki yitzpeneni besuko beyom raah,
Perch me in secret tent yastireni beseter oholo
on mountain raised.
betzur yeromemeni.
6
And now Im high above
Veatah yarum roshi
my enemies round; al oyvai sevivotai
Ill offer in Gods tent veezbechah veoholo
1
my joyful sound. zivchei teruah;
SP
2
With song to God my music will resound.
ashirah vaazamrah lAdonai.
7
God, hear my cry, Shema Adonai, koli ekrah;
and answer in your grace. vechoneni vaaneni.
8
My heart implored you, God, O seek my face Lecha amar libi, Bakshu fanai.
As I seek yours. Et panecha Adonai avakesh.
S

9 Dont turn away from me, Al taster panecha mimeni,
3
Dont send away your servant angrily.
al tat beaf avdecha.
You helped me; Ezrati hayita:
Sa
4
dont spurn or abandon me.
al titsheni, veal taazveni.
O God, you save me, time and time again. Elohei yishi
10
My parents left me, Ki avi veimi azavuni,
5
God will take me in. vAdonai yaasfeni.
m
11
Show me your way, God, Horeni Adonai darkecha,
set me on level ground unecheni beorach mishor
1
To stand against those who can boss me around! lemaan shorerai.
pl
1
Zivchei teruah, sacrifices of shouting, could imply lots of animals bellowing at their slaughter. On the other
hand, it may imply that a voice raised in song and praise is itself an acceptable offering, perhaps even an alter-
e
native to the blood and guts of the sacrificial system.
2
For hell hide me in his shelter on a bad day, hell conceal me in the secrecy of his tent, hell lift me up on a
rock! And now my head is raised above my enemies all around, and Ill offer in his tent sacrifices of joyous
shouting, Ill sing and make music to God.
3
Listen, God; Ill call with my voice: take pity on me and answer me. My heart said to you, Seek my face.
Lord, I shall seek your face! Dont hide your face from me; Dont turn your servant away in anger.
4
You have been my help: Dont throw me off, dont abandon me.
5
O Lord, you are my savior. For my father and mother abandoned me, and God will take me in.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


97 Dawn Blessings

12
Dont turn me over to my enemies,
Al titneni benefesh tzarai,
False witnesses,
ki kamu vi
2
who breathe brutality.
edei sheker vifeach chamas.
13
What had I been, had I not known Id spy Lulei heemanti lirot
Gods goodness here on earth before I die? betuv Adonai beeretz chayim.
14
Wait for God, wait and trust. Kaveh el Adonai:
Though God come late,
chazak veyaametz libecha:
SP
Be strong, take heart. vekaveh el Adonai.
3
And wait for God, just wait.

Mourners lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.


_____________________________________________ Psalm 30 _____________________________________________
S
Many communities include this psalm for every morning service.
1
A psalm, a song to dedicate the Temple, Mizmor shir chanukat haBayit

by David: leDavid:
Sa
2
I exalt you, God; you raised me tall;
Aromimcha Adonai ki dilitani,
4
My enemies could not cheer my fall.
velo simachta oyvai li.
3
O God, to you I screamed in pain, Adonai Elohai shivati elecha,
My God, you made me well again. vatirpaeni.
4
O God, you raised my soul from Sheol,
Adonai helita min Sheol nafshi,
m
5
so I survived the Pit alive. chiyitani miyordi vor.
5
To God sing out, all you devout,
Zamru lAdonai chasidav,
Give thanks for holy thoughts divine.1 vehodu lezecher kodsho.
pl
1
God, show me your path and lead me on a level road (no ups and downs!) because of those people who can
e
ruin my day!
2
Dont turn me over to the will of my foes, for there have risen against me witnesses who lie, breathing vio-
lence. Shorerai means those who have power over me; they can ruin my day and put ups and downs in my
daily path.
3
If I had not trusted that I would see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living what would have be-
come of me! Wait for the Lord: keep your heart strong and resolute, and wait for the Lord.
4
I will make you high, God, because you picked me up and did not let my enemies rejoice over me.
5
You made me live despite my going down into the Pit.

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Festival Morning Service 98

6
Gods wrath soon takes flight, Ki rega beapo,
but Gods love lasts for life; chayim birtzono,
If you weep through the night, baerev yalin bechi,
2
youll rejoice at first light. velaboker rinah.
7
I said, when I felt confident, Vaani amarti veshalvi
Nothing can shake me nowever.3 bal emot leolam.
8
O God, should you grant favor, Adonai birtzoncha
SP
4
Youd stand me high, a tower of power; heemadta leharri oz,
But should you hide your face, histarta fanecha,
Id be abashed, in terror cower.
hayiti nivhal.
9
To you, God, I shall call, Elecha Adonai ekra,
To my ruler bring my plea: veel Adonai etchanan.
S


10
Could my silence serve a purpose, Mah betzah bedomi
Deep in my sepulcher; beridti el shachat,
As dry dust could I thank you,
hayodcha afar,
Sa
5
Your constant faith aver?
hayagid amitecha.
11
God, hear me graciously, Shema Adonai vechoneini,
God, be a help to me!
Adonai heyeh ozer li.
m
pl
1
You might translate this line, give thanks for Gods holiness, but that omits the word , memory of. It seems
to mean, Give thanks for (or to) the memory of Gods holiness. If you remember Gods holiness, youre thinking
of something thats holy and divine; thats why I translate, give thanks for holy thoughts divine.
e
2
Because a moment in Gods anger, brings a lifetime in Gods favor; at evening weeping may come and stay
overnight, and in the morning rejoicing. The rhythm of the Hebrew changes; so does the translation.
3
A Hebrew idiom: And I said in my confidence, Lest I be moved forever.
4
You would cause me to stand, to raise me like a mountain of my strength; the Hebrew is rather elliptical.
5
What profit could there be in spilling my blood (or in my silence), in my going down into my grave (or de-
struction); would dust thank (or acknowledge) you, would it tell your faithfulness? Those who think
means in spilling my blood will transliterate the word bedami; those who think it means in my silence
will transliterate it bedomi. Perhaps the poet intends both meanings.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


99 Dawn Blessings

12
To joyful dance you changed Hafachta mispedi lemachol li,
1
my grief and care, pitachta saki,
2
Took my sack-cloth and gave me joy to wear. vatazreini simchah.
13 3
That my best part may sing your praise, Lemaan yezamercha chavod
and not fall dumb; velo yidom,
O God, my God, Ill bring you thanks Adonai Elohai
for endless time to come.
leolam odeka.
SP
Mourners and those observing Yahrzeit rise to lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
S
Sa
m
pl
e
1
mourning, lament, funeral oration.
,
2
is my sackcloth or mourning clothestoday we use an armband of black crepe or a black ribbon.
Opened my sackcloth (took off my mourning clothes) and girded me with joy.
3
, honor, glory; hence, the best of human nature.

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Festival Morning Service 100

Poems and Songs


____________ Blessed Is the One Who Spoke Baruch Sheamar ____________
We rise. Those wearing a tallit hold the front tzitziyot.
The congregation responds Amen but not Baruch hu uvaruch shemo from here to the amidah, page 163.
Blessed is the one who spoke u uBaruch sheamar
and the world came into being! vehaya haolam!
Blessed is the one. Baruch hu.
SP
Blessed is the maker of creation. Baruch oseh vereishit,
who says and does, baruch omer veoseh,
who breaks and makes, baruch gozeir umkayem,
who pities the earth, baruch merachem al haaretz,
who pities all creatures, baruch merachem al habriyot,
S
who rewards the God-fearing, baruch meshalem sachar tov lireav,
who lives forever and lasts in glory, baruch chai laad vekayam lanetzach,
who ransoms and rescues, baruch podeh umatzil,
Sa
Blessed is Gods name. baruch shemo.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai
our God, ruler of the universe, Eloheinu, melech haolam,
God, the merciful source of life, haEl, haav harachaman,
hailed by your people, hamhulal befi amo
m
praised and lauded by the tongues meshubach umefoar
of your saints and servants. bilshon chasidav vaavadav.
And with songs of your servant David Uveshirei David avdecha
pl
we shall hail you, God, our God, nehalelcha Adonai Eloheinu
in praise and melody. bishvachot uvizmirot.
We shall magnify and praise you, Negadelcha, uneshabechacha,
e
glorify you and honor your name unefaercha, venazkir shimcha
and crown you as our ruler, O God, venamlichecha malkeinu Eloheinu,

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


101 Poems and Songs

only life of the worlds. yachid chei haolamim.


Sovereign praised and glorified Melech meshubach umefoar
forever is your name great. adei ad shemo hagadol.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
ruler hailed with praises. melech mehulal batishbachot. Amen

Kiss the tzitziyot and release them; then sit down.
_______________________________ I Chronicles 16:8-361 _______________________________
SP
x {Hodu lAdonai
I Chron 16:8-36
Give thanks to God,
call on Gods name. kiru vishmo,
Make all the peoples know Gods deeds.
hodiu vaamim alilotav.
9
Sing to God, make songs to God, Shiru lo, zamru lo,
S
Speak of all Gods miracles. sichu bechol nifleotav.
10
Share praises in Gods holy name, Hithalelu beshem kodsho,
Let them rejoice, who ask for God. yismach lev mevakshei Adonai.
11
Seek out God and power divine, Dirshu Adonai veuzo,
Sa
Seek Gods presence all the time. bakshu fanav tamid.
12
Think of the wonders God has done, Zichru nifleotav asher asah,
The signs and judgements God decreed.

moftav umishpetei fihu.
13
Israels children work for God, Zera Yisrael avdo,
m
Gods chosen people, Jacobs seed.
benei Yaakov bechirav.
14
This is God, our sovereign, Hu Adonai Eloheinu,
Whose judgements are in all the earth. bechol haaretz mishpatav.
pl
15
Think always of our pact with God, Zichru leolam berito,
A rule to last a thousand ages, davar tzivah leelef dor.
16
That God promised to Abraham, Asher karat et-Avraham,
e
And Gods oath to Isaac,
ushevuato leYitzchak.

1
We recall a happy day in Jewish history, when the Ark was brought to Jerusalem. This was Davids song of
praise at that time, and its very close to some of the psalms. Verses 8-22 are almost identical to Psalm 105:1-
16. Verses 23-33 are almost identical to Psalm 96. The last verses are in Psalm 106, verses 1, 47 and 48.

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Festival Morning Service 102

17
That God set as Jacobs law,
Vayaamideha leYaakov lechok,
For Israel an eternal pledge, leYisrael berit olam.
18
Canaans land I give to you;
Lemor lecha eten eretz Kenaan,
This part is your inheritance. chevel nachalatchem.
19
When you numbered but a few,
Biheyotchem metei mispar,
A small group who were staying there, kimat vegarim bah.
20
And they trudged from land to land, Vayithalchu migoy el goy
SP
From state to state they made their way,
umimamlacha el am acher.
21
God let no one do them harm
Lo hiniach leish leoshkam
God reprimanded kings for them! vayochah aleihem melachim.
22
Dont touch my anointed ones,
Al tigu bimshichai
S
And dont harm my prophets.
uvinviai al tareiu.
23 1
Sing to God, sing every place, Shiru lAdonai kol haaretz,
2
Declare each day the saviors grace. basru miyom el yom yeshuato.
24
Tell Gods renown to every race,
Sapru vagoyim et kevodo
Sa
Gods wonders among every folk; bechol haamim nifleotav.
25
For great is God and greatly praised,
Ki gadol Adonai umehulol meod,
3
No other can such awe evoke.

venorah hu al kol elohim.
26 4
Those other gods are but a joke
Ki kol elohei haamim elilim,
m
While our God did the heavens form. vAdonai shamayim asah.

27
Glory and majesty herald God, Hod vehadar lefanav,
pl
5
Strength and joy Gods place adorn. oz vechedvah bimkomo.
28
People, wherever you were born, Havu lAdonai mishpechot amim,
1
Declare Gods honor and Gods fame! havu lAdonai kavod vaoz.
e
1
Sing to God, all the earth.
2
Publicize from day to day Gods saving.
3
And awesome is God above all the gods.
4
But a joke The word elilim seems to imply worthless or ineffective deities, so the literal translation is:
For all the gods of other peoples are worthless deities.
5
Glory and majesty are before God; strength and joy are in Gods place.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


103 Poems and Songs

29
Declare the glory of Gods name, Havu lAdonai kevod shemo;
2
Bring offerings, come before God; seu mincha uvou lefanav.
To God bow down in sacred space. Hishtachavu lAdonai bhadrat kodesh.
30
Tremble, earth, before Gods face; Chilu milfanav kol haaretz;
3
Earth cannot slip in Gods embrace.

af tikon tevel bal timot,
31
Sky will delight Yismechu hashamayim
and earth rejoice, vetagel haaretz,
SP
4
Gods sovereignty all folk will voice.
veyomru vagoyim, Adonai malach!
32 5
The teeming sea will roar, the lea
Yiram hayam umloo;
And all its creatures will exult, yaalotz hasadeh vechol asher bo.
33
And forests answer joyfully Az yeranenu atzei hayaar
S
As God comes near milifnei Adonai ki va
to judge earths sphere.6 lishpot et haaretz.
34
Give thanks to God for God is good, Hodu lAdonai ki tov,
Because forever lasts Gods love. ki leolam chasdo.
Sa
35
And say, Save us, O saving God,
Veimru, Hoshienu Elohei yishenu,
Unite us, save us from our foes, vekabtzenu vehatzilenu min hagoyim,
That we may thank your holy name lehodot leshem kodshecha,
That we may praise your glory. lehishtabeach bithilatecha.
m
36
Blessed is God, Israels God, Baruch Adonai Elohei Yisrael
From now until eternity. min haolam vead haolam.
And all the people said:
Vayomru chol haam:
pl
Amen! and Praise to God! Amen vehalel lAdonai.
e
1
Ascribe to God, clans of peoples, ascribe to God glory and power.
2
Ascribe to God the glory of Gods name; take an offering and come before God.
3
God fixed the earth so that it cannot slip.
4
And they will say among the peoples, God is (or has become) king.
5
A lea is a field or meadow.
6
Before God, because God is coming to judge the world.

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Festival Morning Service 104

Ps. 99:5
Exalt God, our ruler,
Rommu Adonai Eloheinu,
and bow at Gods footstool;
vehishtachavu lahadom raglav,
God is holy. kadosh hu.
Ps. 99:9
Exalt God, our ruler,
Rommu Adonai Eloheinu
and bow at Gods holy mountain, vehishtachavu lehar kodsho,
because God, our ruler, is holy. ki kadosh Adonai Eloheinu.
SP
______________________________ Additional Psalm Verses _____________________________
We continue with more verses from Psalms.
Ps. 73:38
God is merciful, excuses sin Vehu rachum yechaper avon
and will not destroy us, velo yashchit,
often withholds divine anger vehirbah lehashiv apo,
and does not arouse Gods rage.1
S
velo yair kol chamato.
Ps. 40:12
God, Atah Adonai
dont keep your compassion from me
lo tichla rachamecha mimeni;
your kindness and faithfulness chasdecha vaamitcha
Sa
always protect me. tamid yitzruni.
Ps 25:6
Remember your mercies, God,
Zechor rachamecha, Adonai,
and your kindnesses, vachasadecha,
for they have existed forever. ki meolam hemah.
m
Ps. 68:35-36 2
Grant that God is mighty,
Tenu oz lElohim;
whose majesty is over Israel al Yisrael gaavato,
and whose power is in the clouds; veuzo bashchakim.
God, no building can match your splendor.3
pl


Nora Elohim mimikdashecha;
e
1
And-God who is merciful will-pay-off wrongdoing/offense/sin and-not will-destroy and-has-acted-repeatedly
to-turn-back Gods-anger and-not will-awaken all Gods-anger. Even if we suffer, we say that we deserve
worse, and so our suffering shows Gods mercy. The word is in Yom Kippur; the concept we translate as
atonement also carries the idea of paying off required compensation for a misdeedpaying a fine, or ransom
money. If life were Monopoly, God would be our Get Out of Jail Free card.
2
Grant might to God.
3
God is (or God: you are) more awesome than your holy places or God is awesome from your holy places.
I prefer the first interpretation, where the psalmist says that the sense of awe we feel where we hold religious

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


105 Poems and Songs

Its Israels God, El Yisrael hu,


who grants power and strength to the people. noten oz vetaatzumot laam.
Blessed is God!
Baruch Elohim!
Ps. 94:1-2
God is a God of revenge: El nekamot Adonai:
God of revenge, show yourself!
El nekamot, hofia!
Rise, judge of the earth, Hinaseh shofet haaretz,
Give the proud what they deserve! hashev gemul al geim.
SP
Ps. 3:9
To God belongs salvation, while lAdonai hayeshuah,
1
Your blessings on your nation. Selah. al amcha virchatecha. Selah.
Ps. 46:8
The God of hosts is on our side; Adonai tzevaot imanu;
Jacobs God is our defense. Selah. misgav lanu Elohei Yaakov. Selah.
S
Ps. 84:13
God of hosts, Adonai tzevaot,
Happy is the person who relies on you. ashrei adam boteach bach.
Ps. 20:10
God, save us: for at our demand,
Adonai hoshia
2
Oh Ruler, youll give answer true. hamelech yaaneinu veyom koreinu.
Sa
Ps. 28:9
Save your people
Hoshia et amecha
and bless your heritage, uvarech et nachalatecha,
3
care for them and carry them forever. urem venasem ad haolam.
Ps. 33:20-22
Our soul longed for God, Nafshenu chikta lAdonai,
m
who is our help and our protection, ezrenu umaginenu hu,
in whom our heart will find delight, ki vo yismach libenu,
in whose holy name we trust. ki veshem kodsho vatachnu.
pl
May your kindness, God, touch us4
Yehi chasdecha Adonai aleinu,
because we put our trust in you. kaasher yichalnu lach.
e
services is a poor shadow of the awe that God deserves. The second interpretation implies that holy places are
the source of Gods awesomeness.
1
Salvation belongs to God; your blessing is on your people, Selah.
2
Lord, bring salvation! The king will answer us on the day when we call.
3
Care forthe Hebrew is used for a shepherds work; carrythe Hebrew can mean lift up or bear
with.
4
Or be upon us.

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Festival Morning Service 106

Ps. 85:8
God, show us your kindness Hareinu, Adonai, chasdecha,
and grant us your salvation. veyeshacha titen lanu.
Ps. 44:27
Get up and help us,
Kumah, ezratah lanu,
1
and save us to show your kindness.
ufedeinu lemaan chasdecha.
Ps. 81:11
I am the ruler, your God, Anochi Adonai Elohecha,
who lifts you from the Land of Egypt: hamaalcha meeretz Mitzrayim:
open your mouth and I will fill it!
harchev picha vaamalehu.
SP
Ps. 144:15
Happy is the nation like this, Ashrei haam shekacha lo,
Happy is the nation that worships God. ashrei haam sheAdonai Elohav.
Ps. 13:6
And me, I trusted in your kindness, Vaani bechasdecha vatachti
that my heart will enjoy your salvation: yagel libi bishuatecha:
S
I will sing to God, who gave me my reward.
ashira lAdonai ki gamal alai.

____________________________________ Psalm 100 ___________________________________


Add on the intermediate days of Sukkot, including Hoshanah Rabbah. Many communities stand for this psalm.
1
A psalm of thanks.2 Mizmor letodah.

Sa
Shout out to God, O every land,3 Hariu lAdonai, kol haaretz.
2
Worship God with happiness, Ivdu et Adonai besimchah,
4
Gladly before God to stand. bou lefanav betodah.
3 5
Know this is the God we bless.
Deu ki Adonai, hu Elohim.
m
6
God made us; now God owns us, and Hu asanu, velo anachnu;
Gods peoplewe graze Gods lush land.1 amo, vetzon marito.
pl
1
Save is redeemto get someone out of trouble, pay off an obligation or take notice of someone. To
show your kindness can also mean for the sake of your kindness.
2
Or, A psalm as a Thanksgiving Offering, as if saying this psalm is like bringing the offering; thats why
e
many people stand for this psalm, and thats why we skip this psalm on days when there was no thanksgiving
offering: Shabbat, festivals, the eve of Passover and its middle days, and the day before Yom Kippur.
3
Cry out joyfully to God, all the earth.
4
Serve God with happiness, come before God with delight.
5
Know that God is God.
6
The written text reads but we read instead (a difference between text as written and as read is not unu-
sual in Hebrew scriptures). In this case, the pronunciation is the same. The written text means, God made us,
we did not make ourselves; the text as read means God made us, and to God we belong.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


107 Poems and Songs

4
With thanks approach the entry ways;2
Bou shearav betodah,
To Temple courtyards bring your praise; chatzerotav bithilah.
With thanks Gods reputation raise! Hodu lo, barchu shemo!
5
For God is good and always kind; Ki tov Adonai, leolam chasdo,
3
Age after age Gods truth will find! vead dor vador emunato.

On festival intermediate days (except Hoshanah Rabbah), skip to Yehi Chevod, page 124.
SP
____________________________________ Psalm 19 ____________________________________
1
For the Conductor: a psalm of David. LaMenatzeach: mizmor leDavid.
2
The skies declare Gods glory, Hashamayim mesaprim kevod El,
4
their expanse tells Gods handiwork. umaaseh yadav magid harakiah.
S
3 5
Day shares speech with day, Yom leyom yabia omer
6
and night communicates with night;
velaylah lelaylah yechaveh daat.
4
without speech, without a word: Ein omer, veein devarim
their voice cannot be heard. beli nishma kolam.
Sa
5
Their voice crossed the world, Bechol haaretz yatza kavam
their words reached Lands End;
uviktzei tevel mileihem;
7
In them God pitched the suns tent. lashemesh sam ohel bahem
6
And like a bridegroom, Vehu kechatan
m
the sun leaves its canopy, yotzei mechupato,
rejoices like an athlete to run a race. yasis kegibor larutz orach.
pl
1
We are Gods people, and the flock of Gods pasturing (i.e., God is our shepherd.)
2
Approach Gods gates with thanks, Gods courtyards with praise; acknowledge (or thank) God, bless Gods
e
name.
3
For God is good; Gods kindness lasts forever; from generation to generation Gods truthfulness endures.
4
The skies (or heavens) declare (or count) the glory of God, and the work of Gods hands recites/tells the ex-
panse of the sky.
5
from pour out, gush forth, express.
6
from state, make known, relate; knowledge.
7
voice;
For the sun, God set a tent in them. Some place this half-line with verse 6, not verse 5. The suns
tent could be among the silent words, or somewhere in the lands of day and night.

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Festival Morning Service 108

7
It starts at the end of the sky Miktzei hashamayim motzao,
1
and comes to its other edge,
utekufato al ketzotam,
and nothing is hidden from its heat. veein nistar mechamato.

8
Gods law is perfect,
Torat Adonai temimah,
restoring the soul. meshivat nafesh;
2
Gods testimony is faithful, edut Adonai neemanah,
SP
making bright the dimwit. machkimat peti;
9
Gods commands are right
Pikudei Adonai yesharim,
and gladden the heart. mesamchei lev.
Gods rule is clean; Mitzvat Adonai barah,
it brightens the eyes.
meirat einayim;
S
10
Gods fear is pure,
Yirat Adonai tehorah,
lasting forever. omedet laad;
Gods decrees are truth, mishpetei Adonai emet,
Sa
all of them right. tzadku yachdav.
11
Lovelier than gold, Hanechemadim mizahav,
lots of gold;
umipaz rav,
sweeter than honey,
umetukim midvash
the oozing comb.
venofet tzufim;
m
12 3
Even I am bright with them; Gam avdecha nizhar bahem
its well worth keeping them. beshomram ekev rav.
pl
13
Mistakeswho understands them? Shegiot mi yavin,
Cleanse me from hidden faults. ministarot nakeni.
e
1
Its ( circuit) is up to the skies other edge.
2
is really a synonym for Torah.
3
Your servant, a humble way in which the poet refers to himself or herself.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


109 Poems and Songs

14
Keep your servant from the proud;1 Gam mizeidim chasoch avdecha:
dont let them boss me.
al yimshelu vi;
Then Ill be perfect az eitam,
and cleared of the great crime.
venikeiti mipesha rav.
15
Let my words match your will,
Yiheyu leratzon imrei fi
my thoughts come to you,2 vehegyon libi lefanecha,
God, my rock and redeemer.
Adonai tzuri vegoali.
SP
____________________________________ Psalm 34 ____________________________________
1
Of David: LeDavid:
when he changed his behavior beshanoto et tamo
3
to seem mad in front of Avimelech, lifnei Avimelech,
S
who sent him away. vaygarshehu vayelach.
2
I will bless God at all times;
Avarcha et-Adonai bechol et;
Gods praise will be always in my mouth. tamid tehilato befi.
3
In God my soul will find praise; BAdonai tithalel nafshi;
Sa
the poor will hear and rejoice. yishmeu anavim veyismachu.
4
Make God great with me Gadlu lAdonai iti,
4
and together well exalt Gods name.
uneromamah shemo yachdav.
5
I sought God; God answered me Darashti et Adonai veanani,
m
and saved me from all my fears.

umikol megurotai hitzilani.
6
They who looked to God shone with joy; Hibitu elav venaharu,
5
their faces were never downcast.
ufeneihem al yechparu.
pl
7
This beggar cried, and God heard Zeh oni kara vAdonai shameah,
and saved him from all his troubles.

umikol tzarotav hoshio.
e
1
Or from faults of pride; / dont let them control me.
2
Let the words of my mouth be to your liking, and the thought of my heart be in your presence.
3
See I Sam 21:11-16, where David escapes from Achish, the king of Gath. Maybe Achish also had the royal
name Avimelech.
4
The Hebrew word means make high, from the root , and so does exalt.
5
Or They looked to God and were radiant, and their faces were never downcast. Or Look to God and be
radiant; their faces (i.e., those of other people who did this) were never downcast.

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Festival Morning Service 110

8
Gods angel1 camps
Choneh malach Adonai
around those who fear God, to save them.
saviv lireav, vayechaltzem.
9
Taste, and see how good is God; Taamu ureu ki tov Adonai;
2
lucky is the hero who flees to God. ashrei hagever yecheseh bo.
10
Stand in awe of God, you holy ones; Yru et Adonai kedoshav,
Those who fear God never lack.
ki ein machsor lireav.
11
Even lion cubs go poor and hungry, Kefirim rashu veraevu,
SP
but those who seek God vedorshei Adonai
will lack nothing thats good. lo yachseru chol tov.
12
Come on, children; listen to me:
Lechu vanim, shimu li:
the fear of God will teach you. yirat Adonai alamedchem.
S
13
Who is it that enjoys life, Mi haish hechafetz chayim,
Loves each day to see what good it holds? ohev yamim lirot tov.
14
Keep bad words from your tongue Netsor leshoncha merah
and lies from your lips.3
usefatecha midaber mirmah.
Sa
15
Turn from bad and do good, Sur merah vaaseh tov,
look for peace and go after it. bakesh shalom verodfehu.
16
Gods eyes are on the righteous Einei Adonai el tzadikim,
and Gods ears are tuned to their cry. veoznav el shavatam.
m
17
God is watching those who do wrong, Penei Adonai beosei ra,
4
to wipe all traces of them from the earth. lehachrit meeretz zichram.
18
They cried; God listened Tzaaku, vAdonai shameah,
pl
and saved them from all their trouble.
umikol tzarotam hitzilam.
19 1
God is close when your heart is broken Karov Adonai lenishberei lev,
and saves you when your spirit is crushed.

veet dakei ruach yoshiah.
e
1
What is an angel? A messenger, perhapsor the method by which a message comes from God. The term an-
gel could be a symbol of what happens when we perceive Gods influence in the world.
2
Lucky/happy is the strong person who finds shelter in God. Even the most powerful or accomplished people
are sometimes on the run, and they find shelter in God.
3
Lock up your tongue from speaking bad, and your lips from speaking deceit.
4
To root out their memory from the earth.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


111 Poems and Songs

20
The good suffer many evils, Rabot raot tzadik,
and God saves them from every one.
umikulam yatzilenu Adonai.
21
God guards every bone in their body;
Shomer kol atzmotav;
not one of them is broken. achat mehenah lo nishbarah.
22
But evil brings death to the wicked, Temotet rashah raah,
and enemies of the good are condemned. vesonei tzadik yeshamu.
23
God is watching out for Gods servants;
Podeh Adonai nefesh avadav,
SP
all who take shelter in God will survive.2 velo yeshemu kol hachosim bo.

____________________________________ Psalm 90 ____________________________________


1
A prayer of Moses, Gods agent:3
Tefilah leMosheh, ish haElohim.
God, you have been our shelter
Adonai, maon atah hayita lanu
S
from generation to generation. bedor vador
2
Before the hills were born, Beterem harim yuladu
before you made the earth and the livable world, vatcholel eretz vetevel:
Sa
from forever to forever you are God. umeolam ad olam atah El.
3 4
You turn a person back into pulp,
Tashev enosh ad dacah,
saying, Return, humanity. vatomer, Shuvu, venei adam!
4
For a thousand years to you Ki elef shanim beeinecha
are like yesterdaygone keyom etmolki yaavor
m
like one nights work.
veashmurah valaylah.
5 5
They rush past like sleep: Zeramtam shenah yiheyu,
6
in the morning they wither like grass. baboker kechatzir yachalof.
pl
e
1
To those whose heart is broken.
2
God takes note of the person/soul of those who serve God, and they will not be destroyed, all who take shel-
ter in God.
3
The man of God. But what is a man of God? Someone who carries out Gods will, as Moses did when
God sent him to save Jacobs descendants.
4
Picture a decomposing body returning to primeval mush, or picture the soft embryo.
5
flow, pour down, sweep away, flood.
6
change, vanish, pass away; or come anew, shoot forth.

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Festival Morning Service 112

6
In the morning, it blossoms and sprouts, Baboker yatzitz vechalaf,
but in the evening it wilts and shrivels. laerev yemolel veyavesh.
7
For we are destroyed by your fury Ki chalinu veapecha,
and scared by your anger. uvachamatcha nivhalnu.
8
You have set down our sins before you, Shata avonoteinu lenegdecha,
our dark faults in the light of your presence. alumeinu limor panecha.
9 1
All our days we faced your anger; Ki chol yameinu panu veevratecha,
SP
we finished our years like a sigh. kilinu shaneinu chemo hegeh.
10
Our years of life
Yemei shenoteinu
have seventy years vahem shivim shanah,
and eighty years for extra strength: veim bigvurot shemonim shanah.
2
S
their pride is pain and trouble, Verohbam amal vaaven,
for life hurries by, and we are gone.3 ki gaz chish venaufah.
11
Who knows your angers power
Mi yodeah oz apecha
4
or how much to dread your disfavor?
ucheyiratcha evratecha?
Sa
12
Teach us to use each day,
Limnot yameinu ken hoda,
to bring our hearts to wisdom. venavi levav chochmah.
13
Come back, Godhow long will it be? Shuvah Adonaiad matai?
and take pity on us, your servants. vehinachem al avadecha.
m
14
Fill us at dawn with your kindness; Sabeinu vaboker chasdecha,
well rejoice and be happy uneranenah venismechah
every day. bechol-yameinu.
pl
15
Give us joy to equal our days of pain, Samcheinu kimot initanu
the years we have seen trouble. shenot rainu raah.
e
1
For all our days turned towards your , anger.
2
boast; what
they boast about, their pride.
3
Tough Hebrew. is shear, clip, cut short; is quickly. is from the same root as wing. Maybe the image
is like sheep shearing, A hurried shearing, and we are blown away (by the wind, like little bits of clipped
hair). Maybe we can imagine the barbers shop: A quick trim, and were tossed in the air.
4
Oras it should be fearedyour opposition.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


113 Poems and Songs

16
So your work will be shown to your Yeareh el avadecha foolecha
servants, your splendor to their children.
vahadarcha al beneihem.
17
May we feel Gods tenderness;

Vihi noam Adonai Eloheinu aleinu,
may God confirm our efforts; umaasei yadeinu konenah aleinu,
1
God, confirm our efforts. umaasei yadeinu koneneihu.

____________________________________ Psalm 91 ____________________________________


SP
The psalm asks how God protects those who truly love and trust God. The answer is among Gods secrets,
understood from the perspective of heaven. Can the faithful step on a rattlesnake? (Dont try this at home.)
These promises become true for those who reach spiritual heights and dwell among divine mysteries.2
1
Whoever dwells with God on high Yoshev beseter elyon,
In sacred shelter will find ease.3 betzel Shadai yitlonan.
2
My God, my home, my castle, I

Omar lAdonai, Machsi umtzudati,
S
4
Tell God, upon you I rely. Elohai; evtach bo.
3
From fowlers snare God will release
Ki hu yatzilcha
You, saving you from dread disease.5 mipach yakush, midever havot.
Sa
4
You hide beneath Gods sheltering wing; Beevrato yasech lach,
Your shield and armor gainst all harm
vetachat kenafav techse
6
Is Gods own trusty arm. tzina vesochera amito.
m
1
A tough passage, yielding the traditional translation: yea, the work of our hands establish thou it. Literally,
and the work of our hands (i.e., whatever we manage to achieve in our lifetime), God, make it last for our
sake, and the work of our hands, make it last.
2
The psalm has 16 verses. In the translation, four Hebrew verses make up each stanza. The rhyme scheme is
pl
ABAABBCDD (except for the second line of Stanza Four), and C becomes A in the next stanza. This interwo-
ven rhyme ties the stanzas together. Each stanza ends with a shorter line. The psalm has many voicesthe
Psalmist, God, the audienceand it switches from first to second to third person. The translation follows those
e
changes of voice except in the final stanza.
3
Whoever dwells in the High Ones secret place will/can sleep in the Almightys shade.
4
I say to God, My shelter! My fortress! My God in whom I trust or I say: To God belongs my shelter, my
fortress/strongholdmy God whom I trust.
5
For God will deliver you from the bird trap ( snare or trap; or fowler, someone who catches
birds for a living), from the ruinous plague ( trouble, destruction).
6
God will cover you under Gods wing; beneath Gods pinions you will hide; shield and armor are Gods
truth/forearm. comes from ( truth) and/or ( forearm/cubit and other meanings).

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Festival Morning Service 114

5
For you, dread nights no terror bring

Lo tira mipachad laylah;
1
Nor arrows shot in light of day, mechetz yauf yomam.
6
Nor, through the gloom, the sickening Midever baofel yahaloch,
2
Nor noontime torment lingering. miketev yashud tzohorayim.
7
Though pestilence fells the array Yipol mitzidcha elef,
Of myriads at your sidewhile they
urevavah miminecha
Succumb, you are untouched, secure.3 elecha lo yigash.
SP
8
But look, and see within your view Rak beeinecha tabit,
4
The wicked get their due. veshilumat reshaim tireh.

9
Say, God, you are my sheltering shore! Ki atah Adonai machsi;
Youve made on high your dwelling, and 5 elyon samta meonecha.
S

10
Youll host no evil visitor,
Lo tuneh elecha raah,
6
No sickness dares approach your door. venega lo yikrav beoholecha.
11
Heavens messengers by Gods command Ki malachav yetzaveh lach,
Sa
7
Will guard your step whereer you stand;
lishmorcha bechol derachecha.
12
Theyll bear you in their hands, to ride Al kapayim yisauncha,
High above the path rough-hewn,
pen tigof baeven raglecha.
With jagged boulders strewn.8
m
1
You shall not be afraid of the terror of night, or of the arrow that will fly in the day.
2
Of the plague that will walk around in the gloom or the sickness/epidemic that torments (acts like a demon
pl
in) the noon.
3
A thousand will fall at your side, and a myriad at your right handthe sickness wont touch you.
4
Only glimpse with your eyes, and youll see wicked people get whats coming to them. is the
e
payment or recompense of the wicked.
5
For if you say, God, you are my refuge, you have made the High One your dwelling (or made your dwelling
on high). As we get to the second half of the psalm, we take up the idea introduced at the beginning: Whoever
dwells on high is protected by God. Now the Psalmist says, if you declare that you rely on God, youll be in
that position. In the verse translation, shore is added for the rhyme; means my shelter.
6
Evil will not come upon you, and sickness will not approach your tent.
7
For God will tell the angels for you to guard you in all your ways (wherever you go).
8
They will bear you on their hands lest your foot should strike a stone.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


115 Poems and Songs

13
On lion and cub youll boldly stride Al shachal vafeten tidroch,
1
And trample on the poisonous snake. tirmos kefir vetanin.
14
Says God: You sought me: I replied Ki vi chashak vaafaltehu,
2
To guard youin my name you cried. asagvehu ki yada shemi.
15
I wipe your tears; in all your grief Yikraeini veeeneihu
Im at your side to bring relief imo anochi vetzarah,
And honor, and to grant your wish3 achaltzeihu vaachabdeihu.
SP
16
Long life and full. Youll live to see Orech yamim asbieihu
4
The hour I set all free! veareihu bishuati.
Long life and full. Youll live to see Orech yamim asbieihu
The hour I set all free! veareihu bishuati.
S
____________________________________ Psalm 135 ___________________________________
1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Hail Gods name, Halelu et shem Adonai,
Hail it, Gods servants, Halelu avdei Adonai,
Sa
2
Who stand in Gods house Sheomdim beveit Adonai,
in the courtyards of our Gods house. bechatzrot beit Eloheinu.
3
Hail God, for God is good; Haleluyah ki tov Adonai;
sing to Gods nameits pleasant to do. zamru lishmo, ki naim.
m
4
For Jacob, God chose him; Ki Yaakov bachar lo Yah,
God took Israel as a treasure. Yisrael lisgulato.
5
I know God is great, Ki ani yadati ki gadol Adonai,
pl
our ruler is above all other gods.

vaadoneinu mikol Elohim.
e
1
Youll step on lion and snake, trample on lions cub and serpent. Important: do not try this at home.
2
God speaks in the rest of this psalm, speaking in the third person (he). The verse translation changes this to
the second person (you). Because he longed for me, and Ill save him, Ill protect him because he knew my
name (i.e., called for my help).
3
He will call me; I, God, will answer him. I am with him in trouble. I will release him and make him hon-
ored.
4
Ill satisfy him with long life, and show him my salvation. We repeat the last verse of the psalm.

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Festival Morning Service 116

6
God does whatever God wants Kol asher chafetz Adonai, asah
in heaven and earth, bashamayim uvaaretz,
on the sea and in the deep.
bayamim vechol tehomot.
7
God lifts clouds from lands end, Maaleh nesiim miktzei haaretz,
makes lightning for the rain, berakim lamatar asah,
brings wind from the storehouses.
motzei ruach meotzrotav.
8
God struck Egypts firstborn,
Shehikah bechorei Mitzrayim,
SP
both human and animal,
meadam ad behemah.
9
sent signs and wonders Shalach otot umoftim
right inside your land, O Egyptians, betochechi Mitzrayim,
among Pharaoh and his servants.
beFaroh uvechol avadav.
S
10
God struck many peoples Shehikah goyim rabim,
and killed mighty kings
veharag melachim atzumim.
11
Sihon the Amorites king LeSichon, melech haEmori,
and Og king of Bashan
uleOg, melech haBashan,
Sa
and all the states of Canaan,
ulechol mamlechot Kenaan.
12
And gave their land as an inheritance, Venatan artzam nachalah,
an inheritance to Gods people Israel. nachalah leYisrael amo.
13
God, your fame is forever, Adonai, shimcha leolam;
m
your memory passes from parent to child. Adonai, zichrecha ledor vador.
14
For God will judge Gods people Ki yadin Adonai amo,
and be kind to Gods servants. veal avadav yitnecham.
pl
15
Other peoples worship silver and gold, Atzabei hagoyim kesef vezahav,
idols made by people. maasei yedei adam.
16
They have mouths but cant speak, Peh lahem, velo yedabeiru,
e
they have eyes but cant see, einayim lahem velo yiru.
17
ears but cant hear, Oznayim lahem velo yaazinu,
a nose but no breath. af ein yesh ruach befihem.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


117 Poems and Songs

18
People become like the idols they make,1 Kemohem yiheyu oseihem,
anyone who places trust in them. kol asher boteach bahem.
19
Israels people bless God, not idols, Beit Yisrael barchu et Adonai,
Aarons family bless God.
beit Aharon barchu et Adonai.
20 2
Levis family bless God, Beit haLevi barchu et Adonai,
Those who fear God, bless God. yirei Adonai barchu et Adonai.
21
God is blessed from Zion, Baruch Adonai miTziyon,
SP
God who dwells in Jerusalem shochen Yerushalayim.
Hail God! Haleluyah.

____________________________________ Psalm 136 ___________________________________


We stand for this psalm of praise and gratitude.
S
1
Thank God for being good, u uHodu lAdonai ki tov
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
2
Thank the God of gods
Hodu lElohei haelohim
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
Sa
3
Thank the Ruler of rulers
Hodu lAdonei haadonim
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
4
Who has done great wonders alone Leoseh niflaot gedolot levado
(Gods kindness lasts forever). (ki leolam chasdo).
m
5
Who made heaven with insight Leoseh hashamayim bitvunah
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
6
And spread earth on water Leroka haaretz al hamayim
pl
(Gods kindness lasts forever), (ki leolam chasdo),
7
Who made great lights
Leoseh orim gdolim
(Gods kindness lasts forever), (ki leolam chasdo),
e
8
The sun to rule by day Et hashemesh lememshelet bayom
(Gods kindness lasts forever), (ki leolam chasdo),

1
Like them (the idols) will become their makers: those who make idols will become like the idols; they will
lose their humanity, their ability to see and speak and breathe.
2
The house of Levi includes the house of Aaron, since Aaron (like Moses) was a Levite.

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Festival Morning Service 118

9
The moon and stars Et hayareach vechochavim
to rule at night lememshelot balayla
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
10
Who struck Egypt through their first-born
Lemakeh Mitzrayim bivchoreihem
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
11
And led Israel from their midst Vayotze Yisrael mitocham
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
SP
12
With a strong hand and outstretched arm

Beyad chazaka uvizroah netuya
(Gods kindness lasts forever), (ki leolam chasdo),
13
Who cut the Reed Sea in parts Legozer yam suf ligzarim
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
S
14
And brought Israel through the middle Veheevir Yisrael betocho
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
15
And tumbled Pharaoh and his forces Venier Paroh vecheilo
into the Reed Sea veyam suf
Sa
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
16
Who guided our people in the desert
Lemolich amo bamidbar
(Gods kindness lasts forever), (ki leolam chasdo),
17
Who struck down great kings Lemakeh melachim gedolim
m
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
18
And killed mighty kings
Vayaharog melachim adirim
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
pl
19
Sihon, the Amorites king LeSichon melech haEmori
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
20
And Og, king of Bashan
UleOg melech haBashan
e
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
21
And gave their land as an inheritance, Venatan artzam lenachalah,
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
22
Inheritance to Gods servant Israel Nachalah leYisrael avdo
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


119 Poems and Songs

23
Who remembered us when we were down Shebshiflenu zachar lanu
(Gods kindness lasts forever) (ki leolam chasdo)
24
And got us out of trouble Vayifrekenu mitzarenu
(Gods kindness lasts forever). (ki leolam chasdo).
25
God gives food to every creature Noten lechem lechol basar
(Gods kindness lasts forever); (ki leolam chasdo);
26
Thank the God of heaven Hodu leEl hashamayim
SP
(Gods kindness lasts forever). (ki leolam chasdo).
We are seated x
____________________________________ Psalm 33 ____________________________________
1
You righteous, rejoice in God; Ranenu, tzadikim, bAdonai,
S
for upright people, giving praise feels right. laysharim nava tehilah.
2
Give thanks to God with the harp, Hodu lAdonai bechinor,
play for God on the ten-stringed lyre. benevel asor zamru lo.
3
Sing to God a new song; Shiru lo shir chadash,
Sa
add shouts to make the music better!
hetivu nagen bitruah.
4
For Gods word is direct Ki yashar devar Adonai,
and all Gods works are made with truth. vechol maasehu beemunah.
5
God loves justice and judgement;
Ohev tzedakah umishpat,
m
Gods kindness fills the earth. chesed Adonai malah haaretz.
6
Heaven was made by Gods word Bidvar Adonai shamayim naasu
and all its hosts by Gods breath.

uveruach piv kol tzevaam.
pl
7 1
God masses seas in heaping waves
Koness kaned mei hayam
and stores in vaults the surging deeps. noten beotzarot tehomot.
8
All the earth stands in fear of God, Yiru meAdonai kol haaretz,
e
all those who dwell on earth. mimenu kol yoshvei tevel.

1
isnt in many dictionaries; translators say mound or heap or jar. The idea is that God has complete
control of this slippery, surging stuff; it goes wherever God wants to put it, whether into mountainous waves or
into currents far below the surface. Literally, God gathers in a heap (or places in a jar) the waters of the sea,
places into storehouses the deeps.

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Festival Morning Service 120

9
For God spoke, and so it was; Ki hu amar, vayehi:
1
Gave the order, and it was done.
hu tziva, vayaamod.
10
God has upset the nations evil plots, Adonai hefir atzat goyim,
thwarted the peoples wicked plans, heni machshevot amim.
11
But Gods plan stands forever, Atzat Adonai leolam taamod,
Gods strategy lasts from age to age. machshevot libo ledor vador.
12
Lucky the people who worship God, Ashrei hagoy asher Adonai Elohav,
SP
the people God chose to possess. haam bachar lenachalah lo.
13
From heaven, God looked down Mishamayim hibit Adonai,
and saw all of humanity.
raah et-kol-benei haadam.
14
From where God sits, God watched
Mimchon shivto hishgiach,
S
all those who dwell on earth el kol yoshvei haaretz.
15
God forms their hearts as one Hayotzer yachad libam,
and understands all they do. hamechin el kol maaseihem.
16
No king is saved by a great army, Ein hamelech nosha berov chayil,
Sa
no hero rescued by great strength. gibor lo yinatzel berov koach.
17
A horse cant save you, Sheker hasus litshuah,
2
nor can its great power rescue you.
uverov cheilo lo yimalet.
18
See, Gods eye is on those who fear God, Hineh, ein Adonai el yereav,
m
those who hope for Gods kindness, lamyachalim lechasdo.
19
hoping God will save their souls from death Lehatzil mimavet nafsham,
and keep them alive in famine.
ulechayotam beraav.
pl
20
Our souls wait for God Nafsheinu chiktah lAdonai,
who helps and protects us. ezreinu umagineinu hu.
e
1
is from the root for stand; God gave the command, andone might sayit became a standing or-
der.
2
vaina horse is useless for saving; rescue.

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121 Poems and Songs

21
We find delight in God Ki vo yismach libeinu,
in whose holy name we place our trust. ki veshem kodsho vatachnu.
22
God, let your kindness be with us
Yehi chasdecha Adonai aleinu,
just as we have hoped for you. kaasher yichalnu lach.

____________________________________ Psalm 92 ____________________________________


1
A psalm, a song for Shabbat:1 Mizmor shir leyom haShabbat:
SP
2
O God, to you our thanks are due, Tov lehodot lAdonai
To sing on high your praise,
Ulezamer leshimcha elyon
3
Each day to express your gentleness; Lehagid baboker chasdecha
Each night your faithful ways, Veemunatcha baleilot.
4
With song tuned to the lyre, each hears Aley asor vaaley nahvel,
S
2
The ten-stringed music of the spheres. Aley higayon bechinor
5
Your deeds, O Sovereign, bring me cheer, Ki simachtani Adonai befoolecha,
Joy in your works Ive found; Bemaasei yadecha aranen.
Sa
6
How grand, O God, your deeds appear, Mah gadlu maasecha Adonai,
How deep your thoughts profound. Meod amku machshevotecha.
7
The ignoramus does not know; Ish baar lo yeda
For fools its too sublime:
Uchesil lo yavin et zot:
8
When evildoers spread and grow Bifroach reshaim kemo esev
m
Like grassabloom in crime Vayatzitzu kol poalei aven
Those wicked people all shall go Lehishamdam adei ad.
To ruin beyond time.
pl
9
And you Supremacy Veatah marom
3
Eternally Divinity. Leolam Adonai.
e
1
This is the only psalm thats associated with a day, and our tradition understands this association surprisingly.
This psalm is for the day of Shabbat / / leyom haShabbat: When a psalm is for David / / le-
David, we assume David wrote it. So our tradition holds that Shabbat itself wrote this psalm!
2
Midrash on Psalm 81 explains that the seven-stringed harp was for our time, an eighth string would be added
for Messianic times, and in the perfect time to come, there would be 10 strings.
3
This elliptical verse of four words is the center of the psalm. If you skip the first verse, A psalm, a song for
Shabbat, there are seven verses and 52 words before this short verse, and the same number after. These four

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Festival Morning Service 122

10
For see! O God, your enemies Ki hineh oyvecha, Adonai,
Your enemies shall be lost;
Ki hineh oyvecha yovedu
All sunk in their iniquities, Yitpardu kol poalei aven.
From place to place theyre tossed.
11
Like proud-horned ox Ill stand upright Vatarem kireim karni
With flowing oil anointed,
Baloti beshemen raanan
12
And slandering foes will in my sight
Vatabet eini beshurai
SP
1
Be put to rout, disjointed. Bakamim alay mereim.
2
This saying in my heart is sealed: Tishmana oznai:
13
The righteous flourish like the palm, Tzaddik katamar yifrach
Laden with its yield, Keerez baLvanon yisgeh,
3
Soaring like cedars of the North,
S
14
Planted in Gods own field,
Shetulim beveit Adonai
Where they their bounteous fruit give forth. Bechatzrot Eloheinu yafrichu.
15
Age does not wither them. They stay Od yenuvun besevah
Sa
Both lush and green when they are gray. Deshenim veraananim yiheyu.
16
In other words:4 Gods true and sound, Lehagid, ki yashar Adonai
A rock in whom no fault is found.
Tzuri velo avlata bo.
m
wordsYou Height Forever Godperhaps help the mind light on the immanent and the transcendent,
pl
the immediate (You) and the remote (the essence of height, the farthest reaches of time, and that which is di-
vine), and intuitively apprehend their connection. Shabbat is the time for such contemplation. For these insights
I am indebted to Benjamin Segal, the Detroit Conservative communitys Scholar-in-Residence in October,
e
1999.
1
And my horn will rise like the Ox when I am doused with flowing oil, and my eyes will see those who were
stalking me, when they come to do me harm.
2
Listen, O my ears. The poet tells himself something hes willing to listen to, a favorite saying.
3
Cedars of the North: The Hebrew says cedars of Lebanonto the north of Israel.
4
In other words, or to say: some would understand that the righteous, who stay fresh and green despite
their age, declare the praise of God. I take it as a summary of the poets favorite saying, but of course both
meanings can be in the poem.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


123 Poems and Songs

____________________________________ Psalm 93 ____________________________________


1
God reigns, enrobed in regal grace, Adonai malach: geut lavesh,
Robed in grace and cloaked in power; lavesh Adonai, oz hitazar.
Earth cannot slip in Gods embrace;

Af tikon tevel bal timot.
2
Firm is your throne from the first hour; Nachon kisacha meaz,
Eternal is your place. meolam atah.
SP
3
God, streams have raised, Nasu neharot, Adonai,
yes raised their voice; nasu neharot kolam,
The rivers crash and roar: yisu neharot dochyam.
4
Let mighty waters make their noise, Mikolot mayim rabim
The breakers on the shore: adirim mishberei yam,
S
Gods strength is more, much more! adir bamarom Adonai.

5
Your promises will be fulfilled: Edotecha neemnu meod
Sa
Your sacred house you shall rebuild,
levetcha naavah kodesh,
Sovereign, for evermore. Adonai, leorech yamim.
m
pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 124

______________________ Let Gods Glory Yehi Chevod______________________


This is a collection of verses from different psalms (and one verse from Exodus).
The theme is that God has the power and the glory, and that we rely on God to rescue us in mercy.
Ps. 104:31
May Gods glory last forever;
Yehi chevod Adonai leolam;
may God enjoy what God has made. yismach Adonai bemaasav.
Ps. 113:2-4
Let Gods name be blessed
Yehi shem Adonai mevorach
from now to eternity; meatah vead olam.
SP
from sunrise to sunset
Mimizrach shemesh ad mevoo
may Gods name be praised; mehulal shem Adonai.
God is high above all nations; Ram al kol goyim Adonai,
Gods glory is higher than the sky! al hashamayim kevodo.
Ps. 135:13
God, your fame is forever, Adonai, shimcha leolam;
S
your memory passes from parent to child. Adonai, zichrecha ledor vador.
Ps. 103:19 1
Gods throne is set in the sky Adonai bashamayim hechin kiso,
and Gods government rules all. umalchuto bakol mashalah.
Sa
I Chron. 16:31
Let the sky be happy Yismechu hashamayim
and the earth rejoice, vetagel haaretz,
and let the nations admit2
veyomru vagoyim,
God is the ruler! Adonai malach.
Ps 10:16 Ps 93:1
God reigns; our God has ever reigned; Adonai melech, Adonai malach,
m
Ex. 15:18 3
Gods reign eternal will not cease. Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
Ps. 10:16
God is the eternal ruler; Adonai melech olam vaed;
other peoples disappeared from Gods land. avdu goyim meartzo.
pl
Ps. 33:10
God upset the nations evil plots, Adonai hefir atzat goyim,
thwarted the peoples wicked plans, heni machshevot amim.
Prov. 19:21
The human heart is full of schemes,
Rabot machashavot belev ish,
e
but Gods plan is the one that stands. vaatzat Adonai hi takum.

1
God set Gods throne in the sky/heavens.
2
Or Let them say among the other nations; i.e., let everyone accept Gods power.
3
God reigns; God has reigned; God will reign forever and ever.

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125 Poems and Songs

Ps. 33:11
Gods plan stands for ever, Atzat Adonai leolam taamod,
Gods strategy lasts from age to age. machshevot libo ledor vador.
Ps. 33:9
For God spoke, and so it was; Ki hu amar, vayehi:
1
gave the order, and it was done.
hu tziva, vayaamod.
Ps. 132:13
God chose Zion, Ki vachar Adonai beTziyon,
God wanted it as a place to stay. iva lemoshav lo.
Ps. 135:4
For Jacob, God chose him; Ki Yaakov bachar lo Yah,
SP
God took Israel as a treasure. Yisrael lisgulato.
Ps. 94:14
God wont desert the chosen people Ki lo yitosh Adonai amo,
2
or abandon Gods own inheritance. venachalato lo yaazov.
Ps. 73:38
God is merciful, excuses sin Vehu rachum yechaper avon
S
and will not destroy us, velo yashchit,
often withholds divine anger vehirbah lehashiv apo,
and does not arouse Gods rage.3 velo yair kol chamato.
Ps. 20:10
God, save us: for at our demand,
Adonai hoshia
Sa
4
Oh Ruler, youll give answer true. hamelech yaaneinu veyom koreinu.
m
pl
1
is from the root for stand; God gave the command, andone might sayit became a standing or-
der.
e
2
For will-not-desert God Gods-people and Gods-inheritance not God/it will-leavei.e., God wont aban-
don the people, and/or The people wont abandon God.
3
Psalm 78:38. And-God who is merciful will-pay-off wrongdoing/offense/sin and-not will-destroy and-has-
acted-repeatedly to-turn-back Gods-anger and-not will-awaken all Gods-anger. Even if we suffer, we say that
we deserve worse, and so our suffering shows Gods mercy. The word is in Yom Kippur; the concept we
translate as atonement also carries the idea of paying off required compensation for a misdeedpaying a
fine, or ransom money. If life were Monopoly, God would be our Get Out of Jail Free card.
4
Lord, bring salvation! The king will answer us on the day when we call.

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Festival Morning Service 126

The service continues with several psalms: Ashrei, psalm 145, preceded and followed by verses from other
psalm, and psalms 146 to 150, which conclude the Book of Psalms,.

_____________________________Psalm 145 Ashrei ____________________________


Ps 84:5
Happy are they who live with you;
Ashrei yoshvei veitecha;
Forever they will praise you. Od yehalelucha selah.
Ps 144:15
Happy is such a people; Ashrei haam shekachah lo;
Happy are they whose God is the Ruler. Ashrei haam sheAdonai Elohav.
SP
1
Davids praise: Tehilah leDavid:
Acclaim Ill give my sovereign, God,
Aromimcha Elohai hamelech,
And Ill bless your name forever. Vaavarcha shimcha leolam vaed.
2
Blessing to you each day Ill bring, Bechol yom avarcheka,
S
Ill praise your name forever. Vaahalela shimcha leolam vaed.
3
Great is God and greatly praised,
Gadol Adonai umhulal meod,
1
Great beyond all probing.
Veligdulato ein cheker.
Sa
4
Deeds of yours praise every age; Dor ledor yeshabach maasecha,
Your mighty acts they ever speak Ugevurotecha yagidu.
5
Hailing the glory of your power,

Hadar kevod hodecha
In words your wonders stating, Vedivrei nifleotecha asicha.
6
Voicing your awesome power,
Veezuz norotecha yomeru,
m
Your greatness, too, relating; Ugdulatcha asaprena.
7
Zealously recalling your great good,
Zecher rav tuvcha yabiu
In your righteousness delighting. Vetzidkatcha yeranenu.
pl
8
Charitable and caring is God, Chanun verachum Adonai,
Patient and most gracious. Erech apayim ugdol chased.
e
9
To all creatures God is good,
Tov Adonai lakol,
And mercy informs all Gods work. Verachamav al kol maasav.
10
Your creatures all will know you, God, Yoducha Adonai kol maasecha,
And your followers will bless you.
Vachasidecha yevarchucha.

1
And for Gods greatness there is no probing/examination.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


127 Poems and Songs

11
Kingdoms glory they will tell,
Kevod malchutcha yomeru,
And your power they will speak.

Ugvuratcha yedaberu.
12
Let children sense your power well
Lehodia livnei haadam gevurotav
And glory, your kingdoms splendor;
Uchevod hadar malchuto.
13
Monarchy is yours in every world,
Malchutcha malchut kol olamim,
And government in every age and time; Umemshaltecha bechol dor vador.
14
Supporting all who fall Somech Adonai lechol hanoflim,
SP
And bracing those who are bent over.
Vezokef lechol hakfufim.
15
In hope all eyes are on you, Einei chol elecha yesaberu,
And you give them their food in its time, Veata noten lahem et ochlam beito.
16
Presenting your open hand Poteach et yadecha,
S
And filling every creatures wish. 1
Umasbiah lechol chai ratzon.
17 2 3
True is God in every way
Tzadik Adonai bechol derachav,
And loving in all deeds. Vechasid bechol maasav.
18
Close is God to those who call, Karov Adonai lechol korav,
Sa
To all who call on God sincerely. Lechol asher yikrauhu veemet.
19
Respect God, and your wish comes true;
Retzon yereav yaaseh,
4
God hears your cry and saves you,
Veet shavatam yishma veyoshiem.
20
Sheltering those who love God Shomer Adonai et kol ohavav,
m
And destroying all the wicked. Veet kol harshaim yashmid.
21
Tribute to God my mouth shall deliver;
Tehillat Adonai yedaber pi,
And let all creatures bless Vivarech kol basar
pl
Gods holy name forever. shem kodsho leolam vaed.

Ps 115:18
And as for us, well bless God Vaanachnu nevarech Yah
e
From now and forever: Halleluyah! Meata vead olam Halleluyah!

1
This verse is one of the reasons the Talmud finds Ashrei so very important (B.T. Ber. 4b).
2
I used the plain translation true for tzadik (righteous); few English words begin with the tz/ts sound.
3
In all Gods ways.
4
The wish of those who respect God, God performs; and their cry God will hear, and God will save them.

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Festival Morning Service 128

____________________________________ Psalm 146 ___________________________________


1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
My soul, hail God! Haleli nafshi et-Adonai.
2
I will hail God while I live, Ahalelah Adonai bechayay,
Ill sing to God as long as I last.
azamrah lElohay beodi.
3
Dont put your trust in prophets,

Al tivtechu vindivim
in someone with no power to save, beven adam sheein lo teshuah.
SP
4
who turns to dirt when breath is gone, Tetzei rucho, yashuv leadmato:
whose thoughts vanish on that day!
bayom hahu avdu eshtonotav.
5
Lucky is one helped by Jacobs God, Ashrei sheEl Yaakov beezro;
whose hope is in the Ruler, God, shivro al Adonai Elohav,
6
S
Who makes sky and earth, Oseh shamayim vaaretz,
the sea and all its contents, et hayam veet kol asher bam,
who keeps faith forever, hashomer emet leolam,
7
Makes justice for the wronged,
Oseh mishpat laashukim,
Sa
gives food to the starving notein lechem lareivim.
God frees the constrained;
Adonai, matir asurim;
8
God gives sight to the blind; Adonai, pokeiach ivrim;
God straightens those who are bent over;
Adonai, zokeif kefufim;
m
God loves the righteous; Adonai, ohev tzadikim;
9
God protects the alien, Adonai, shomer et gerim,
supports the mourner and the widow,
yatom vealmanah yeoded,
pl
and twists the path of the wicked. vederech reshaim yeavet.
10
God will rule forever Yimloch Adonai leolam,
Zion, your God will rule from age to age: Elohayich, Tziyon, ledor vador:
e
hail God! Haleluyah!

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


129 Poems and Songs

____________________________________ Psalm 147 ___________________________________


1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Its good to make music to our God Ki tov zamrah Eloheinu,
pleasant and pretty is praise! ki naim nava tehilah.
2
God rebuilds Jerusalem, Boneh Yerushalayim Adonai,
gathers Israels scattered people. nidchei Yisrael yechanes.
3
Healing shattered hearts,
Harofeh lishvurei lev
SP
God bandages their pain.
umechabesh leatzvotam.
4
God alone can number the stars, Moneh mispar lekochavim,
giving all of them their names. lechulam shemot yikra.
5
Our God is great and very powerful, Gadol Adoneinu verav koach,
with infinite understanding. litvunato ein mispar.
S
6
God sustains the oppressed
Meoded anavim Adonai,
and knocks the wicked to the ground. mashpil reshaim adei aretz.
7
Respond to God with thanks,
Enu lAdonai betodah,
Sa
with the harp make music to our God zamru lEloheinu bechinor,
8
Who covers the sky with clouds Hamchaseh shamayim beavim,
prepares rain for the ground hamechin laaretz matar,
and makes the hills grow grass, hamatzmiach harim chatzir.
m
9
Who gives the animal its food, Noten livhemah lachmah,
answers the call of the ravens brood. livnei orev asher yikrau.
10
God cares not for the horses might,
Lo vigvurat hasus yechpatz,
pl
admires no-one for strong legs,
lo beshokei haish yirtzeh;
11
But cares for those who fear God, Rotzeh Adonai et yereiav,
those who hope for Gods kindness. et hamyachalim lechasdo.
e
12
Jerusalem, praise your ruler; Shabchi, Yerushalayim, et Adonai!
Zion, hail your God: haleli Elohayich, Tziyon!
13
God fortified the bars of your gates,
Ki chizak berichei shearayich,
blessed your children in your midst, berach banayich bekirbech.

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Festival Morning Service 130

14
God grants your borders peace, Hasam gevulech shalom,
1
to fill you with the cream of wheat, chelev chitim yasbiech,
15
Sends to earth divine command Hasholeach imrato aretz,
2
Gods word runs fast to take effect!
ad meherah yarutz devaro,
16
God brings snowits like wool Hanoten sheleg katzamer,
and scatters frost, like ashes, kefor kaefer yefazer,
17 3
Sows haillike crumbs: Mashlich karcho kefitim
SP
who can stand up to its cold? lifnei karato mi yaamod?
18
God sends the word, and they melt; Yishlach devaro veyamsem,
brings divine breath, and water flows, yashev ruchoyizlu mayim.
19
Telling divine words to Jacob, Magid devarav leYaakov,
S
statutes and judgments to Israel.
chukav umishpatav leYisrael.
20
God did not do this for every nation, Lo asah chen lechol goy,
so they did not know such judgements:
umishpatim bal yedaum:
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Sa
m
pl
e
1
I.e., a peaceful land yields good harvests, since the residents dont have to feed the army.
2
Dahood interprets this verse in terms of weatherthe swiftly moving noise from the sky is thunder, and it
comes between a verse about harvest and another about winterbut he notes that many translators follow Isai-
ah 55:10-11 and connect the weather with Gods commandment. To me, the psalm suggests that weather, hu-
man power and divine justice all spring from one source.
3
The Old English poem The Seafarer calls hail the coldest of grains (line 33); the ancients felt the weather
more keenly than we with our warm clothes and insulated houses.

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131 Poems and Songs

____________________________________ Psalm 148 ___________________________________


1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Hail God from the sky; Halelu et Adonai min hashamayim
hail God in the heights.
haleluhu bamromim.
2
Hail God, all Gods angels, Haleluhu chol malachav,
1
Hail God, all Gods armies, haleluhu kol tzevaav,
3
Hail God, you sun and moon, Haleluhu shemesh veyareach,
SP
Hail God, all you bright stars.
haleluhu kol kochvei or
4 2
Hail God, the highest heavens, Haleluhu shemei hashamayim,
3
and the water that lies even higher! vehamayim asher meal hashamayim.
5
Hail Gods name, Yehalelu et shem Adonai,
for God gave the order, and it was done. ki hu tzivah venivrau.
S
6
God made the order stand forever;
Vayaamidem laad leolam,
God gave a statute, never to lapse. chok natan velo yaavor.
7
Praise God from the earth, Halelu et Adonai min haaretz,
Sa
sea monsters and all the deep seas.
taninim vechol tehomot.
8
Fire and thunder, snow and mist, Esh uvarad, sheleg vekitor,
stormy winds follow Gods orders. ruach searah osah devaro.
9
The mountains and all the hills, Heharim vechol gevaot,
m
the fruit tree and every cedar tree, etz peri vechol arazim.
10
The beast and all the cattle,
Hachayah vechol behemah,
the insect and the winged bird remes vetzipor kanaf.
pl
11
Rulers on earth and all their folk,
Malchei eretz vechol leumim,
chiefs and every earthly judge, sarim vechol shoftei aretz.
12
Young men and young women too,

Bachurim vegam betulot,
e
the elderly with the young zekenim im nearim.

1
Today we think of as an army, but it could mean something less militarya group of people engaged in
public service.
2
The heavens of the heavens or the skies of the skies.
3
And the water that is higher than the skies.

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Festival Morning Service 132

13
Let them all praise Gods name, Yehalelu et shem Adonai,
for Gods name alone is exalted: ki nisgav shemo levado:
Gods glory surpasses earth and sky. hodo al eretz veshamayim.
14
And God will bring us greatness, Vayarem keren leamo,
1
glory for all who feel Gods kindness
tehila lechol chasidav
Israels children, the people close to God.
livnei Yisrael, am kerovo:
Hail God! Haleluyah!
SP
S
Sa
m
pl
e
1
And God will raise a horn for Gods people (possibly raising their heads so they can be proud); this idiom
seems to imply greatness. Glory for those who feel Gods kindness can mean those who love God
or those who are gracious toward God; or it can mean those who experience Gods love/kindness. We usu-
ally translate the word as righteous, referring to the most devout and religious people.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


133 Poems and Songs

____________________________________ Psalm 149 ___________________________________


1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Sing God a new song Shiru lAdonai shir chadash,
Gods praiseamong the righteous. tehilato bikhal chasidim.
2
Let Israel rejoice in Gods works, Yismach Yisrael beosav,
Zions children celebrate Gods rule
benei Tziyon yagilu vemalkam.
3
Hail Gods name with dance, Yehalelu shemo vemachol,
SP
cymbals and harp; make music for God.
betof vechinor yezamru lo.
4
For God takes delight in Gods people Ki rotzeh Adonai beamo,
and will honor the humble with salvation. yefaer anavim bishuah.
5
The righteous will exult in glory; Yalzu chasidim bechavod,
theyll chuckle in bed,

yeranenu al mishkevotam.
S
6
With high praise of God in their throat
Romemot El bigronam,
and the sharpened sword in their hands
vecherev pifiyot beyadam.
7
To take revenge on the nations Laasot nekamah bagoyim,
Sa
and bring punishment to the peoples, tochechot balumim,
8
To put their chiefs in chains Lesor malcheihem bezikim,
and their leaders in iron fetters, venichbedeihem bechavlei varzel,
9
To make them suffer the written sentence laasot bahem mishpat katuv,
m
God is magnificent for the righteous:
hadar hu lechol chasidav:
Hail God! Haleluyah!
pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 134

____________________________________ Psalm 150 ___________________________________


1
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Hail God for holiness, Halelu El bekodsho,
Hail God for far-reaching power, Haleluhu birkiah uzo.
2 1
Hail God as a role model, Haleluhu vigvurotav,
Hail God according to Gods greatness, haleluhu kerov gudlo.
3
Hail God with the trumpet blast, Haleluhu beteka shofar,
SP
Hail God with harp and lyre, haleluhu benevel vechinor.
4
Hail God with cymbals and dance, Haleluhu betof umachol,
Hail God with strings and song, haleluhu beminim veugav.
5
Hail God with loud music, Haleluhu vetziltzelei shama,
Hail God with loud voices!2 haleluhu betziltzelei teruah.
S
6
Let every living thing hail God Kol hanshamah tehalel Yah,
Hail God! Haleluyah!
Let every living thing hail GodHail God! Kol hanshamah tehalel Yah, Haleluyah!
Sa
To complete the section of psalms, we add these verses:
Ps. 89:53
May God be blessed forever Baruch Adonai leolam:
this is really true! amen veamen.
Ps. 135:21
May God be blessed from Zion, Baruch Adonai miTziyon,
God who lives in Jerusalem: Halleluyah! shochen Yerushalayim: Halleluyah!
m
Ps.72:18-19
May God, God, be blessed
Baruch Adonai Elohim,
Israels God, Elohei Yisrael,
who alone makes miracles; oseh niflaot levado;
pl
and Gods famous name be blessed forever, uvaruch shem kevodo leolam,
and may Gods glory fill the whole world: veyimaleh chevodo et kol haaretz:
e
Let it really be so! amen veamen.

1
Role model? Yes! is the name we give to the second blessing of the amidah; it means power or hero-
ic acts, but that blessing shows God as healer, liberator and supporter, not as some kind of military hero or
sports figure.
2
The last psalm of all reminds us of the music of the Temple; in sad memory of its loss, Jewish services were
for centuries (and still are in most cases) without instrumental accompaniment.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


135 Poems and Songs

This section of the service, with its poetic language, concludes with three famous examples of praise: Davids
final praise and prayer; the Levites song of praise as the Jewish people returned to Torah in Ezras time; and
the Song of the Sea, the ancient poem sung when the Israelites escaped from Egypt.
We stand until the end of the Song of the Sea, page 141.
_________________________________ I Chron. 29:10-13_________________________________
u uVayevarech David et Adonai
10
And David blessed God
in sight of the whole congregation. leeinei kol hakahal,
SP
David said, vayomer David:
Blessed are you, God, Baruch ata Adonai
God of Israel our ancestor, Elohei Yisrael avinu,
from eternity to eternity. meolam vead olam.
11
Yours, God, are greatness, Lecha Adonai hagdulah
S
power, splendor,
vehagvurah vehatiferet
success and glory vehanetzach vehahod
yes, everything in heaven and earth. ki chol bashamayim uvaaretz
Yours, God, is all power of governing lecha Adonai hamamlacha
Sa
and the appointment of every leader. vehamitnaseh lechol lerosh.
12
Wealth and honor come from you, Vehaosher vehakavod milfanecha,
and you govern everything; veatah moshel bakol,
strength and might are in your hand,

uveyadcha koach ugevurah,
m
and you hold the power
uveyadcha
to make anything great or strong.
legadel ulechazek lakol.
13
So now, our God, we thank you
Veata Eloheinu, modim anachnu lach
pl
and acclaim your splendid reputation.1
umehalelim leshem tifartecha.
e

1
The Hebrew says the name (reputation) of your splendor.

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Festival Morning Service 136

_________________________________ Nehemiah 9:6-11 _________________________________


6
You alone are God; Atah hu Adonai levadecha;
you made the heavens, atah asita et hashamayim,
the skies above and all their hosts,
shemei hashamayim vechol tzevaam,
earth and everything on it, haaretz vechol asher aleha,
the seas and everything in them, hayamim vechol asher bahem,
and you give life to them all; veatah mechayeh et kulam
SP
and the hosts of heaven
utzeva hashamayim
bow to you. lecha mishtachavim.
7
You are God, the divinity,
Atah hu Adonai haElohim
who chose Abram asher bacharta beAvram
and brought him from Ur of the Chaldees vehotzeto meUr Kasdim
S
and made his name Abraham; vesamta shemo Avraham;
8
and you found his heart
umatzata et levavo
1
faithful to you. neeman lefanecha.
Sa
You gave him your promise Vecharot imo habrit
to give the land of the Canaanites, latet et eretz haKenaani
Hittites, Amorites, Perizites haChiti, haEmori, vehaPerizi,
Jebusites and Girgashites
vehaYevusi vehaGirgashi
m
to give that land to his descendants. latet lezaro.
And you kept your promise
Vatakem et devarecha
because you are just. ki tzadik atah.
pl
9
You saw our parents pain in Egypt, Vatereh et oni avoteinu beMitzrayim
2
heard their screaming at the Reed Sea, veet zaakatam shamata al Yam Suf.
e

1
Many siddurim break the paragraph here, in the middle of verse 8.
2
Cries of terror when they saw the Egyptian army after them!

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137 Poems and Songs

10
You placed signs and wonders Vatiten otot umoftim
in front of Pharaoh and his servants,
beFaroh uvechol avadav
all the people of his land.
uvechol am artzo;
You knew they bossed the Israelites around. ki yadata ki hezidu aleihem,
So you made yourself famous that very day. vataas lecha shem kehayom hazeh.
11
You split the sea before them; Vehayam bakata lifneihem,
they crossed through the sea on dry land, vayaavru vetoch hayam bayabashah,
SP
while the pursuing soldiers veet rodfeihem
you plunged into the depths hishlachta vimtzolot,
like a stone into stormy seas. kemo even bemayim azim.
S
Sa
m
pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 138

___________________ The Song of the Sea1 Shirat Hayam __________________


Exodus 14:30-31
On that day, God rescued Vayosha Adonai bayom hahu
the Israelites from the Egyptians. et Yisrael miyad Mitzrayim,
The Israelites saw the Egyptians
vayar Yisrael et Mitzrayim
dead on the seashore.
met al sefat hayam.
31 2
The Israelites saw the great power
Vayar Yisrael et hayad hagdolah
God used on Egypt;
asher asah Adonai beMitzrayim
SP
the people perceived God, vayiru haam et Adonai
and they believed in God vayaaminu bAdonai
and in Gods servant Moses.
uveMoshe avdo.

Ex 15:1-18
Then Moses sang with the Israelites
Az yashir Moshe uvenei Yisrael
S
this song to God et hashirah hazot lAdonai
3
these are the words:

vayomru lemor:
I will sing to God,
Ashira lAdonai
Sa
who is higher than the proud4 ki gao gaah,
5
and tossed horse and rider into the sea. sus verochvo ramah vayam.
2
My strength and song are God,
Ozi vezimrat Yah,
who is my salvation:

vayehi li lishuah.
this is my God whom I praise, Zeh Eli veanvehu,
m
my ancestors God, whom I exalt.
Elohei avi, vaarommenhu.
3
God is a warrior Adonai ish milchamah,
whom you call God. Adonai shemo.
pl
e
1
Also known as the Song of Moses.
2
The great hand.
3
Literally, the Hebrew idiom says and they spoke, saying.
4
The root of means proud or high. The phrase implies that God is intensely exalted, and that God
is higher than the arrogant enemies who have now been humbled.
5
The Hebrew root means high, so this is ironic: God raised the enemy, then tossed them down.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


139 Poems and Songs

4
Pharaohs chariots and army,
Markevot Paroh vecheilo
God threw them into the sea,
yarah vayam,
and the pick of Pharaohs captains


umivchar shalishav
drowned in the Reed Sea.
tubu veYam Suf.
5
Deep water covered them;
Tehomot yechasyumu;
they fell in the depths like a stone.

yardu vimtzolot kemo aven.
6
God, your right hand is awesome in power.
Yemincha, Adonai, nedari bakoach:
SP
God, your right hand shatters the foe.
Yemincha, Adonai, tiratz oyev.
7
In your great majesty

Uverov geoncha
you crush those who resist you;

taharos kamecha.
you send your anger

Teshalach charoncha,
to devour them like straw.1 yochlemo kakash.
S



8 2
You snorted,
Uveruach apecha
and the waters piled up, neermu mayim,
the streams stood like a wall, nitzvu chemo ned nozlim,
Sa
deep water congealed in the seas heart.

kafu tehomot belev yam.
9
The enemy said, Amar oyev,
I will chase and catch them,
Erdof, asig,
Ill split the spoil achalek shalal;
m
to gorge my greed. timlaemo nafshi;
I will draw my sword; arik charbi,
my hand will beggar them.3

torisheimo yadi!
10
pl
You breathed your wind,
Nashafta veruchacha
and the sea covered them. kisamo yam;
They sank like lead
tzalelu kaoferet
e
in the towering waters.
bemayim adirim.

1
The image could be of a beast eating straw, or a fire burning up dried grass and stubble.
2
And in the breath of your nostril/anger.
3
treasure, plunder, spoil. poor, beggar. The enemy seems motivated by greed.

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Festival Morning Service 140

11
God, who of all the gods is like you?
Mi chamocha baelim, Adonai?
Who is like you, magnificent in holiness,
Mi kamocha nedar bakodesh,
1
praised in awe, working wonders?
nora tehilot, oseh feleh?
12
You stretched out your right hand:
Natita yemincha
the earth swallowed them. tivlaemo aretz.
13
With your love you led us,
Nachita vechasdecha;
you saved this people, am zu gaalta.
SP
with your power you guided us
Nehalta veozcha
2
to your holy center. el nevei kodshecha.
14
Other nations heard and were upset: Shamu amim, yirgazun:
panic seized the Philistines.
chil achaz yoshvei Pelashet.
S
15
Edoms chiefs were downcast;

Az nivhalu alufei Edom,
trembling gripped Moabs leaders;


eilei Moav yochazemo raad;
all the Canaanites melted in dismay.

namogu kol yoshvei Chenaan.
16
Fear and trembling fall on them,
Tipol aleihem eimatah vafachad.
Sa
before your great power
Bigdol zeroacha
they are silent as stone yidmu kaaven
until your people pass, God,
ad yaavor amcha, Adonai,
until we pass, the people you have taken.
ad yaavor am zu kanita.
m
17
Lead them, plant them Teviemo vetitaemo
in the mountain you inherit
behar nachalatcha.
God, the place you made as your home, Machon leshivtecha paalta, Adonai.
pl
Adonais sanctuary that you fixed yourself. Mikdash Adonai konenu yadecha.
18
God will rule forever and ever.
Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
18 3
God will rule forever and ever.
Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
e
1
Awesome of praises.
2
has two meanings: resting place/dwelling/pasture, and beauty. You could translate this phrase as the
dwelling place of your holiness, referring to the Temple (perhaps as prophecy). However, as the Children of
Israel stood on the shore after their rescue, they might well feel they were at the very center of Gods power.
3
We repeat the last verse, verse 18, so as to mark the end of the poem.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


141 Poems and Songs

The prayer leader concludes this part of the service with more scriptural verses.
Psalm 22:29
God has the power to rule Ki lAdonai hamlucha
and governs the other nations. umoshel bagoyim
Obadiah 1:21
The rescuers will climb Mount Zion
Vealu moshiim beHar Tziyon
to judge Mount Esau lishpot et Har Esav,
and God will be the governor. vehayta lAdonai hamluchah.
Zech. 14:9
And God will be ruler Vehayah Adonai lemelech
SP
over all the earth; al kol haaretz;
on that day God will be one
bayom hahu yihyeh Adonai echad
and Gods name will be one.
ushemo echad.

We are seated x
S
On festival intermediate days, skip to May Your Name Be Praised / Yishtabach Shimcha, page 147.
Sa
m
pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 142

__________________________ The Life Force Nishmat _________________________


The life force of every living thing - x {Nishmat kol chai
will bless your name, - tevarech et shimcha
our sovereign God, Adonai Eloheinu,
and every creatures spirit - veruach kol basar
will praise and exalt tefaer utromem
the thought of you, our ruler, forever. zichrecha malkenu tamid.
SP
From eternity to eternity - - Min haolam vead haolam
you are God; ata El,
and but for you we have no ruler, umibaladecha ein lanu melech,
redeemer, and savior, goel umoshia,
who notices, brings success, podeh umatzil,
S
sustains, and takes pity umfarnes umrachem
in every time of trouble and distress. - bechol et tzara vetzuka.
We have no ruler but you: - Ein lanu melech ela ata
Sa
God of the first and last, Elohei harishonim vehaacharonim
God of all creatures, - Eloah kol briyot
ruler of all generations, - adon kol toladot
hailed with a multitude of praises, hamhulal berov hatishbachot
guiding the world with kindness hamnaheg olamo bechesed
m
and its creatures with compassion. uvriyotav berachamim.
God neither slumbers nor sleeps;
- - VAdonai lo yanum velo yishan,
waking the sleepers hamorer yshenim
pl
and rousing the slumberers, vehamekitz nirdamim
giving speech to the mute, vehamesiach ilmim
and freeing the bound, vehamatir asurim
e
supporting those who fall, vehasomech noflim
and lifting up those who are bent over; vehazokef kefufim;
to you alone do we give thanks. lecha levadcha anachnu modim.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


143 Poems and Songs

Even if our mouths were Ilu finu


filled with song like the sea, maleh shirah chayam
our tongues with joy ulshonenu rinah
like the multitude of waves, kahamon galav
our lips with praise vesiftoteinu shevach
like the expanse of the heavens, kemerchavei rakiah
our eyes bright veeneinu meirot
SP
like the sun and moon, kashemesh vechayareach
our hands spread out veyadenu ferusot
like eagles in the sky, kenishrei shamayim
and our legs swift as gazelles veragleinu kalot kaayalot
we wouldnt be adequate ein anachnu maspikim
S
to thank you, our ruling God lehodot lecha Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu
and to bless your name - ulevarech et shemecha
Sa
for even one of the millions - al achat mealef elef
and billions and trillions1 alfei alafim veribei revavot
of favors you have done
peamim hatovot sheasita
for our ancestors and for us. - im avoteinu veimanu.
You saved us from Egypt, MiMitzrayim gealtanu
m
ruling God, Adonai Eloheinu
and took us from the house of slavery.
umibeit avadim peditanu;
You fed us when we were hungry beraav zantanu
pl
and sustained us when we had plenty; uvsava kilkaltanu
and you rescued us from the sword umecherev hitzaltanu
and saved us from the plague, umidever milattanu
e
and you guarded us umecholayim raim
from severe and lasting diseases. veneemanim dilitanu.

1
What are these numbers? The thousand thousand of thousands of thousands and many myriads. I take a
myriad to be 10,000; but at any rate the numbers are huge.

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Festival Morning Service 144

Until now your mercy has helped us - Ad hena azarunu rachamecha


and your kindness has not left us; - velo azavunu chasadecha
and dont abandon us, - veal titshenu
ruling God, forever. Adonai Eloheinu lanetzach.
And so the limbs you formed for us - Al ken evarim shepilagta banu
and the spirit and soul veruach unshama
you breathed in our nostrils, shenafachta veapeinu
SP
the tongue you put in our mouths, velashon asher samta befinu,
they will thank, bless, hen hem yodu vivarchu
praise, laud, exalt, vishabchu vifaaru virommu
worship, sanctify veyaaritzu veyakdishu
and pay homage to your name, O our ruler. - veyamlichu et shimcha, malkenu.
S
For every mouth will thank you, - Ki chol pel lecha yodeh
and every tongue will promise you, - vechol lashon lecha tishava
and every knee will kneel to you, - vechol berech lecha tichra
Sa
and everything which stands - vechol koma
will bow down to you, lefanecha tishtachaveh,
and every heart will fear you, - vechol levavot yiraucha
and all their innards and kidneys - vechol kerev uchlayot
will sing to your name. yezamru lishmecha.
m
As it is said, Kadavar shekatuv,
Psalms 35:10
All my bones shall say, Kol atzmotai tomarna:
God, who is like you? Adonai, mi chamocha?
pl
1
You save the poor person from the mugger, Matzil ani mechazak mimenu,
the pauper and beggar from the thief. veani veevyon migozlo.
Who is like you, who can equal you, - - Mi yidmeh lach umi yishveh lach
e
and who can compare to you? -
umi yaaroch lach?
O Godgreat, mighty, and awesome HaEl hagadol hagibor vehanorah
Gen 14:22
God on high, who owns sky and land. El elyon, koneh shamayim vaaretz.

1
From one who is too strong for him.

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145 Poems and Songs

Well hail you and praise you Nehalelcha uneshabechcha


and laud you unefaercha
and bless your holy name, - unevarech et shem kodshecha
as it is said: kaamur:
Psalm 103:1
A psalm of David: LeDavid:
Bless God, O my soul; Barchi nafshi et Adonai
and all my innards, Gods holy name. vechol keravai et shem kodsho.

SP
On a festival holy day, the leader begins here.
God, in the power of your strength, HaEl betaatzumot uzecha
great in the glory of your name, hagadol bichvod shemecha
mighty forever, hagibor lanetzach
awesome for your fearsome deeds vehanorah benorotecha
S
The ruler who sits hamelech hayoshev
on a high and lofty throne, - al kiseh ram venisah,
Sa
who occupies eternity, shochen ad
1
is called high and sacred. marom vekadosh shemo.
And its written, Vechatuv:
Ps. 33:1
You righteous, rejoice in God; Ranenu, tzadikim, bAdonai,
for upright people, giving praise feels right. laysharim nava tehilah.
m
Youll be hailed by honest mouths, Befi yesharim tithalal
blessed by words of the righteous, uvdivrei tzadikim titbarach
honored by tongues of the devoted uvilshon chasidim titromam
pl
2
and made holy among holy ones. uvkerev kedoshim titkadash.
e
1
Or, exalted and holy is Gods name.
2
Look at the first Hebrew letter of the second word in the last four lines of this section. The letters spell ,
Isaac, perhaps a reference to the person who composed the prayer. The four words of this acrostic mean upright,
righteous, devout and holy, perhaps showing a progression towards God.

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Festival Morning Service 146

And in the gatherings of myriads Uvemakhalot rivvot


of your people Israel, amcha beit Yisrael
joyfully will your name be glorified, ruler, berina yitpaar shimcha malkenu
in every generation; - bechol dor vador;
for this is the duty of all creatures - sheken chovat kol haytzurim
before you, ruling God lefanecha, Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
SP
to thank, hail, praise, lehodot lehalel leshabeach
glorify, honor, adorn, lefaer leromem lehader
bless, exalt, and sing praises, levarech lealeh ulkales
more than words of song and praise - - al kol divrei shirot vetishbechot
by David the child of Jesse, - David ben Yishai
S
your servant, your anointed. avdcha meshichecha.
Sa
m
pl
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


147 Poems and Songs

We stand u

____________ May Your Name Be Praised Yishtabach Shimcha____________


May your name be praised for ever, u uYishtabach shimcha laad
our ruler malkenu,
God, the ruler who is great and holy haEl hamelech hagadol vehakadosh
in sky and on earth. bashamayim uvaaretz;

SP
Because to you, ruling God - ki lecha naeh, Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
we should give song and praise, shir ushvacha,
acclamation and music, hallel vezimrah,
power and government, oz umemshalah,
S
victory, greatness, and strength, netzach gedulah ugvurah,
praise and glory, tehilah vetiferet,
holiness and royalty, kedushah umalchut,
blessing and thanks, berachot vehodaot
Sa
from now to eternity. - meatah vead olam.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
God and ruler great in praises, El melech, gadol batishbachot,
God of thanks, ruler of wonders, El hahodaot, Adon haniflaot,
m
who favors musical songs, habocher beshirei zimrah:
sovereign and God, life of all worlds. melech El, chei haolamim. Amen

The leader leads Half Kaddish, page 368.


pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 148

Shema and Its Blessings


___________________________ Call to Prayer Barchu___________________________
We remain standing as the leader begins the call to prayer.
Bless God, the blessed one. u v yBarchu uet Adonai hamvorach.
The congregation responds, and the leader repeats:
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
SP
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
____________________________ First Blessing Before Shema ____________________________
We are seated x
S
God is the one who gives light to the world
Hameir laaretz
and those who live there, in mercy, veladarim aleha berachamim,
who in goodness renews every day, - uvetuvo mechadesh bechol yom
forever, the work of Creation. tamid maaseh vereshit.
Sa
How great are your works, God; Mah rabu maasecha, Adonai;
you made them all with wisdom; kulam bechochmah asita,
the earth is full of belonging to you! malah haaretz kinyanecha!
the Ruler on high Hamelech hamromam,
m
peerless1 since ancient times levado meaz,
who is praised and glorified, hamshubach vehamfoar,
exalted since the world began. vehamitnaseh mimot olam.
pl
Eternal God, in your great mercy, Elohei olam, berachamecha harabim
have mercy on us, rachem aleinu,
Ruler of our strength, Rock of our refuge, adon uzeinu, tzur misgabeinu,
e
Shield of our salvation, magen yisheinu,
where we take shelter.2 misgav baadeinu.

1
means alonei.e., God has no companion; no being can compare.
2
Shelter for us.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


149 Shema and Its Blessings

Blessed God, with vast design, El baruch, gadol deah,


Planned and made the sunshine bright. hechin ufaal zohorei chamah.
Created good for great renown, Tov yatzar, kevod lishmo;
1
Placed lights around Gods regal might. meorot natan sevivot uzo.
The chiefs2 of Gods host are holy ones, Pinot tzevaav kedoshim
who exalt the Almighty, romemei Shaddai;
ever relating Gods glory tamid mesaprim kevod El
SP
and Gods holiness.
ukedushato.

Be blessed, O Ruler, our God, Titbarach, Adonai Eloheinu,


beyond the praise of your handiwork, al shevach maasei yadecha,
above the luminaries you created veal meorei or sheasita,

S
let them praise you. yefaarucha. Selah.
______________________ Be Blessed, Our Rock Titbarach, Tzureinu ______________________
Be blessed, Titbarach,
Sa
our rock, ruler, redeemer, tzureinu, malkeinu vegoaleinu,
maker of the holy ones. borei kedoshim.
May your name be ever praised, our ruler Yishtabach shimcha laad, malkeinu,
3
who forms the ministering angels, yotzer meshartim,
m
whose ministering angels all vaasher meshartav kulam
stand at the peak of the universe omdim berum olam
and declare in awe, umashmiim beyirah,
together, aloud, the words of yachad bekol divrei
pl
Jer 10:10
the living God who rules the world.
Elohim chayim umelech olam.
e
1
The acrostic poem seems terse, and the rhyme ends after sixteen words. The translation is similarly brief. The
sunshine bright is the splendors of the sun; created good implies that the whole world is good; for great
renown is for the glory of Gods name, i.e., Gods reputation.
2
means corner, so it refers to the chief part.
3
Ministering angel is from the root for service or utility. These are the angels who dont only stand and
wait, in John Miltons words.

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Festival Morning Service 150

They are all loved, they are all pure, Kulam ahuvim, kulam berurim,
they are all powerful, kulam giborim,
and they all perform in fear and awe vechulam osim beeimah uveyirah
the will of their owner. retzon konam.
And they all open their mouths - Vechulam potchim et pihem
in holiness and purity, bikdushah uvetohorah,
in song and chant, beshirah uvezimrah,
SP
and they bless and praise, umevarchim umeshabchim
honor and adore, umefaarim umaaritzim
grant holiness and government umakdishim umamlichim

Congregation and leader recite the next three lines aloud.
to the name of the ruling God - et shem haEl hamelech
S
great, mighty and awesome hagadol, hagibor vehanorah,
it is holy!1 kadosh hu.
And they all accept Vechulam mekablim aleihem
Sa
the yoke of heavens rule, ol malchut shamayim,
one from the other; zeh mizeh,
they grant permission, each to the other, venotnim reshut, zeh lazeh,
to sanctify their maker lehakdish leyotzram
2
with serene spirit, with pure speech benachat ruach, besafah verurah,
m
and holy melody, all as one; uvinimah kedoshah, kulam keechad
they respond and declare in awe:3 onim veomrim beyirah:

Congregation and prayer leader say the next three lines (the angels part) aloud:
pl
Isaiah 6:3
Holy, holy, holy Kadosh kadosh kadosh
is God of hosts; Adonai tzevaot;
Gods glory fills the universe. melo chol haaretz kevodo.
e
1
Or God is holy. Psalm 99:3 says Let them give thanks to your name, great and awesomeit is holy!
2
With quietness of spirit, with equanimity, unperturbed (because they know they have the right to engage in
praising their maker).
3
The chorus of angels is pictured as responsiveone group begins and the others respond.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


151 Shema and Its Blessings

And the ofanim and the holy beings, Vehaofanim vechayot hakodesh
with great noise beraash gadol
rise to the level of the seraphs mitnasim leumat serafim;
across from them, give praise and say: leumatam meshabchim veomrim:

Congregation and prayer leader say the next two lines (the angels part) aloud:
Ezek 3:12
Blessed is Gods glory Baruch kevod Adonai
flowing from its source. mimkomo.
SP
They bring melodies to blessed God, LeEl baruch neimot yitenu,
to the ruling, living, abiding God lamelech El chay vekayam
they pronounce songs zemirot yomeru
and declare praises, vetishbachot yashmiu,
for God alone works mighty deeds, Ki hu levado poel gevurot,
S
creates innovations, oseh chadashot,
prevails in wars, baal milchamot,
sows righteousness, zoreah tzedakot,
Sa
grows salvation, matzmiach yeshuot
and creates cures; borei refuot,
awesome in praises, norah tehilot,
God is the ruler of miracles adon haniflaot,
who renews in goodness hamchadesh betuvo
m
every day, forever, - bechol yom tamid
the work of creation, as the Psalm says: maasei vereshit, kaamur:
Ps 136:7
To the one who makes great lights,
Leoseh orim gedolim,
pl
whose kindness lasts forever. ki leolam chasdo.
O, make a new light shine on Zion, Or chadash al Tziyon tair,
and let us all be worthy of its lightsoon! venizkeh chulanu meherah leoro.
e
We bless you, God Baruch atah Adonai,
who creates the lights. yotzeir hamorot. Amen

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Festival Morning Service 152

___________________________ Second Blessing Before Shema __________________________


With great love have you loved us, Ahavah raba ahavtanu
O Ruler, our God; Adonai Eloheinu,
with great compassionand more chemlah gedolah viteirah
have you pitied us, chamalta aleinu,
source of life and power, avinu malkeinu,
for the sake of our ancestors baavur avoteinu
SP
who trusted you shebatchu vecha
and you taught them laws of life vatlamdeim chukei chayim
so be kind to us and teach us! ken techoneinu utelamdeinu.
Merciful source of life, Avinu, haav harachaman,
the Kind One, pity us hamrachem, rachem aleinu,
S
and let our hearts grasp and understand, veten belibenu lehavin ulehaskil,
listen, learn, and teach, lishmoa, lilmod, ulelamed,
observe, perform, and fulfill lishmor velaasot ulekayem
Sa
every word of the study of your Torah - - et kol divrei talmud Toratecha
with love. beahava.
Brighten our eyes in your Torah, Vehaer eineinu beToratecha,
and fasten our hearts to your rules, vedabek libeinu bemitzvotecha,
and unite our hearts veyached levavenu
m
to love and revere your name, - leahavah uleyirah et shemecha,
and we shall never be ashamed. velo nevosh leolam vaed.
Because in your holy name, Ki veshem kodshecha
pl
great and awesome, we place our trust, hagadol vehanorah, batachnu,
we shall gladly enjoy your salvation. nagilah venismecha bishuatecha.
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


153 Shema and Its Blessings

Gather the four tzitziyot on the tallit and hold them1


Bring us in peace Vahavienu leshalom
from the four corners of the earth, mearbah kanfot haaretz,
and walk us proudly to our land,
vetolichenu komemiyut leartzenu,
for the God who works salvation is you. ki eil poel yeshuot atah
You chose us uvanu vacharta
from all peoples and languages - mikol am velashon,
SP
and brought us close to your great name vekeravtanu leshimcha hagadol
in truth (selah), selah beemet,
to thank you lehodot lecha
and to declare your unity in love. uleyachedcha beahavah.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
S
who chooses your people Israel habocher beamo Yisrael
in love. beahavah. Amen
Sa
m
pl
e

1
We gather the tzitziyot in the left hand, opposite the heart, between the ring finger and little finger.

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Festival Morning Service 154

______________________________ Shema (First Paragraph) _____________________________


Add this shaded line when praying without a minyan.
God is the reliable ruler. El melech neeman.
Deut. 6:4
Listen, descendants of Israel: Shema, Yisrael:
The Ruler is our God; the Ruler is one. 1 Adonai Eloheinu; Adonai echad.
Say the next two lines silently.
Blessed is Gods name, Baruch shem
SP
the glory of whose reign lasts forever.2 kevod malchuto leolam vaed.
Deut. 6:5-9
You are to love your ruling God
Veahavta et Adonai Elohecha
with your whole heart,
bechol levavcha,
your whole self
uvechol nafshecha,
and all your resources.

uvechol meodecha.
S
6
These words Vehayu hadvarim haeleh
I tell you today must be
asher anochi metzavcha hayom
on your heart.
al levavecha.
7
Repeat them to your children, Veshinantam levanecha,
Sa
and talk about them vedibarta bam
when you sit at home, beshivtecha beveitecha,
when you walk down the street,
uvelechtecha vaderech,
when you go to bed and when you get up.

uveshochbecha, uvekumecha.
m
8
Tie them as a sign on your hand, Ukeshartam leot al yadecha,
let them be on your forehead between your eyes, vehayu letotafot bein einecha.
9
and write them on your doorposts


Uchetavtam al mezuzot beitecha,
pl
and on your gates.
uvisharecha.
e
1
The of and of are large letters. Together, they form the Hebrew word , witness; with this
declaration of Gods unity, we Jews bear witness to our faith. Another reason for the large letters is to avoid
misreading ( perhaps) for and ( another) for , which would replace our confident faith with
agnostic uncertainty! Some say the large letters express hope for Gods universal acceptance in the four ()
corners of the earth and among the seventy ( )nations of the world (Genesis chapter X lists Noahs seventy
grandsons, so were all descendants of Gen X-ers).
2
This phrase is a response to hearing Gods name. In the Temple, the people would respond with this phrase
when they heard the High Priest pronounce Gods name on Yom Kippur (Mishna Yoma, 3:9).

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


155 Shema and Its Blessings

_________________________ Shema (Second Paragraph) ____________________________


Deut 11:13-21
This is what will happen Vehayah
if you listen well to my commands,


im shamoah tishmeu el mitzvotai
which I asher anochi
tell you today, metzaveh etchem hayom,
to love God, your God,
leahavah et Adonai Eloheichem
and to serve God with your whole heart

uleovdo, bechol levavchem,
SP
and all your resources:
uvechol nafshechem.
14
I will give your land its rain Venatati metar artzechem
at the right time, early and late rains,
beito, yoreh umalkosh,
so you can harvest your grain
veasafta deganecha,
and wine and oil.
vetiroshcha, veyitzharecha.
S
15
I will provide grass in your fields Venatati esev besadcha
for your cattle, livhemtecha,
so you can eat your fill. veachalta vesavata.
Sa
16
But take care! Hishamru lachem
1
Dont be misled, to turn from me pen yifteh levavchem, vesartem
and serve other gods
vaavadtem elohim acherim,
and worship them.
vehishtachavitem lahem.
17 2
Then God will be angry at you Vecharah af Adonai bachem,
m
and close up the sky: veatzar et hashamayim,
there will be no rain, velo yihyeh matar,
the earth will not yield its produce,

vehaadamah lo titen et yevulah,
pl
and you will soon perish vaavadtem meherah
from the good land
meal haaretz hatovah
which God gives you.
asher Adonai noten lachem.
e

1
Lest your heart (the thinking part) be misled.
2
Gods nose will blaze against you.

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Festival Morning Service 156

18
Set these words
Vesamtem et devarai eileh
on your heart and soul,
al levavchem veal nafshechem,
tie them as a sign on your hand, ukeshartem otam leot al yedchem,
and place them on your forehead vehayu letotafot
between your eyes.
bein eineichem.
19
Teach them to your children,

Velimadtem otam et beneichem,
talking about them ledaber bam
SP
when you sit at home, beshivtecha beveitecha
when you walk down the street,
uvelechtecha vaderech,
when you go to bed and when you get up.

uvshochbecha uvekumecha.
20
Write them on your doorposts


Uchetavtam al mezuzot beitecha,
and on your gates.
uvisharecha.
S
21
So that you and your children may spend a Lemaan yirbu yemeichem
1
long time, on the land

vimei veneichem al haadamah
that God promised
asher nishbah Adonai
Sa
to your parents, to give them,
laavoteichem, latet lahem,
2
as long as the sky is above the land!
kimei hashamayim al haaretz.
m
pl
e

1
So that your days may be many, and your childrens days
2
Like the days of.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


157 Shema and Its Blessings

______________________________ Shema (Third Pragraph)1 _____________________________


In many communities, people hold the tzitziyot in both hands; kiss them when saying tzitzit
and when saying the last word in this section, emet; and pass them over the eyes when saying uritem oto.
Numbers 15:37
God told Moses: Vayomer Adonai el Moshe lemor:
38
Talk to the children of Israel,
Daber el benei Yisrael
and tell them
veamarta aleihem,
they should make fringes

veasu lahem tzitzit
SP
on the corners of their garments
al kanfei vigdeihem
2
as long as their people last.
ledorotam.
On the corner fringe, they should put
Venatnu al tzitzit hakanaf
a blue thread. petil techelet.
39
That will be your fringe.
Vehayah lachem letzitzit
S
You will look at it

uritem oto,
and remember all of Gods rules,
uzechartem et kol mitzvot Adonai,
and you will perform them;
vaasitem otam,
you should not follow your heart velo taturu acharei levavchem
Sa
nor your eyes
veacharei eineichem
for you stray after them!
asher atem zonim achareihem;
40
Rather, remember lemaan tizkeru,
and perform all my commands

vaasitem et kol mitzvotai,
m
and be holy to your God.

viheyitem kedoshim lEloheichem.
pl
1
The word tzitzit occurs three times in this paragraph. By tradition, the tzitzit remind us of 613 mitzvot.
e
Tzitzit have eight strands and five knots, making 13. As for the 600, add the numerical value of the Hebrew
letters in tzitzit (you have to spell it a little strangely: ).
Tradition holds that techelet was blue, dyed with the secretion of a little creature which we can no longer
identify, though some believe they can now make the blue thread by the original method.
Ellen Bernstein explains the logical order of the three paragraphs of Shema: the first paragraph affirms God
exists; the second paragraph affirms that God is just and cares; the third teaches us that appropriate action is to
perform the mitzvot.
2
For their generations.

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Festival Morning Service 158

41
I am the Ruler, your God,
Ani Adonai Eloheichem,
who brought you


asher hotzeti etchem
from Egypt, meeretz Mitzrayim
to be your God.
liheyot lachem lElohim.
I am Ani
the Ruler, your God.
Adonai Eloheichem.
Its true Emet
SP
The leader says the last three words aloud1
The last word isnt part of Shema; its the first word of the next section.2
_______________________________ Blessing after Shema _______________________________
For us, your word will ever be veyatziv venachon vekayam
True, sure and lasting certainty, veyashar veneeman veahuv vechaviv
S
Beloved and liked, pleasant and sweet, venechmad venaim venorah veadir
Inspiring, noble, ready, meet umetukan umekubal vetov veyafeh
3
And good, in beauteous harmony. hadavar hazeh aleinu leolam vaed.
Sa
Its true: the eternal God is our ruler, Emet Elohei olam malkenu
Jacobs rock is our protecting savior. tzur Yaakov magen yishenu.
From age to age, God endures, Ledor vador hu kayam
Gods name endures, Gods throne is secure, ushemo kayam vechiso nachon,
m
Gods rule and truth umalchuto veemunato
endure forever. laad kayamet.
pl
e
1
Adding three words raises the word-count of Shema to 248, traditionally the number of limbs in the human
body (Mishnah Ohalot 1:8 lists them), so a prayer with 248 words symbolically involves our entire body.
2
The last word, emet/its true, is really part of the next paragraphthe blessing after Shemanot part of this
paragraph. Adding this word allows us to say as Jeremiah said (10:10): Adonai Eloheichem emet. Yet running
this together with the next paragraph makes for confusion: are we repeating what God said? Are we reacting to
what God says? Are we quoting Jeremiah?
3
True (from the last word of Shema), sure, correct, enduring, right, certain, belived, liked, pleasant, sweet,
inspiring, noble, good, and lovely is this, our duty (this thing, upon us), forever and ever.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


159 Shema and Its Blessings

We continue to hold the tzitziyot, kissing and releasing them after laad (though customs differ).
And Gods words live and endure, Udevarav chayim vekayamim,
true and pleasant, neemanim venechemadim
forever and ever and ever, laad leolmei olamim
for our ancestors and for us, al avoteinu vealeinu,
for our children, our descendants al baneinu veal doroteinu
for every generation - veal kol dorot
SP
born to your servant Israel. zera Yisrael avadecha.

For the first and last generations, Al harishonim veal haacharonim,


its something good and enduring davar tov vekayam,
forever and ever, leolam vaed.
S
true and reliable, Emet veemunah,
a rule that will never pass away. chok, velo yaavor.
Its true: you are Emet shaatah hu
O Ruler, our God, Adonai Eloheinu
Sa
God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
our ruler, malkenu
ruler of our ancestors, melech avoteinu ,
our redeemer, goalenu,
m
redeemer of our ancestors, goeil avoteinu ,
our maker, yotzrenu,
rock of our salvation, tzur yeshuatenu,
pl
who cares for us and saves us; podenu umatzilenu,
your reputation is eternal; meolam shemecha;
there is no god but you. ein elohim zulatecha.
e

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Festival Morning Service 160

_____________________________ Our Help Ezrat Avoteinu _____________________________


You have helped our ancestors Ezrat avoteinu
since the beginning, atah hu meolam,
shield and savior magen umoshia
for their children after them livneihem achareihem
in every generation. - bechol dor vador.
You dwell at the top of the world, Berum olam moshavecha,
SP
and your judgments and righteousness umishpatecha vetzidkatcha
reach to the end of the earth. ad afsei aretz.
Happy is someone Ashrei ish
who listens to your rules sheyishma lemitzvotecha,
and takes to heart your law and your veToratcha udvarcha
S
commands. yasim al libo.
Its true, you are your peoples ruler, Emet ata hu adon leamecha
a powerful sovereign to fight for them.1 umelech gibor lariv rivam.
Sa
Its true, you are the first Emet ata hu rishon
and you are the last veata hu acharon,
and but for you we have no umibaladecha ein lanu
2
ruler, redeemer or savior. melech goel umoshia.
You rescued us from Egypt, MiMitzrayim gealtanu,
m
ruling God, Adonai Eloheinu,
3
and freed us from slavery.
umibeit avadim peditanu.
pl
e
1
To dispute their dispute.
2
Isaiah 44:6 says: I am first and last, and except for me there is no God.
3
And from the house of slavery you freed us.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


161 Shema and Its Blessings

You killed all their first-born, - Kol bechoreihem haragta


but saved your own peoples first-born; uvechorcha gaalta,
you split the Reed Sea veYam Suf bakata
and drowned the wicked, vezedim tibata,
but you brought your favorites across vididim heevarta,
while the waters covered their foes vayechasu mayim tzareihem
not one of them was saved. echad mehem lo notar.
SP
For this your beloved gave praise Al zot shibchu ahuvim
and exalted God, veromemu El
and your favorites offered venatnu yedidim
chants, songs and praises, zemirot, shirot vetishbachot,
blessings and thanks berachot vehodaot
S
to ruling God who lives and lasts, lamelech El chay vekayam
high and exalted, ram venisa,
great and awesome, gadol venora,
Sa
who humbles the proud mashpil geim
and exalts the humble, umagbiah shefalim,
sets prisoners free motzi asirim
and rescues the oppressed, ufodeh anavim,
helps the poor veozer dalim
m
and answers Gods people veoneh leamo
when they cry out! beet shavam elav.
We rise, to prepare for the amidah.
pl
Bring praises to God on high, u u Tehilot leEl elyon,
the Blessed One, who is blessed. baruch hu, umevorach.

Moses and the Children of Israel
Moshe uvenei Yisrael
e
sang you a song in great joy, lecha anu shira besimchah rabah,
and they all said: veamru chulam:
Congregation and prayer leader recite the next three lines aloud.
Ex 15:11
Who is like you among gods, Ruler? Mi chamochah baelim Adonai?

Who is like you, sublime in holiness,
Mi kamocha nedar bakodesh
awesome in praise, working wonders?
norah tehilot, oseh feleh?

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Festival Morning Service 162

The prayer leader continues.


With a new song, Shira chadasha
the rescued ones praised your name shibchu geulim leshimcha
on the sea shore; al sefat hayam;
together they all gave thanks, yachad kulam hodu
acclaimed your sovereignty and declared: vehimlichu veamru.
Ex. 15:18
God will be the ruler forever! Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
SP
Take three steps back, ready for the amidah1.
Congregation, then prayer leader:
Rock of Israel, Tzur Yisrael
rise to help Israel, kumah beezrat Yisrael,
and deliveras you promised ufedeh chinumecha
S
Judah and Israel.
Yehudah veYisrael.
Our savior is called God of Armies, Goaleinu, Adonai Tzevaot shemo,
the Holy One of Israel! kedosh Yisrael.
We bless you, sovereign, Baruch atah Adonai,
Sa
2
who saves Israel. gaal Yisrael.

On Pesach, instead of the previous two lines, some congregations add a poem to introduce the Morning
Amidah: First day, page 346; second day, page 348; seventh day, page 349.
m
pl
e
1
The Amidah is an audience with God. To prepare for this audience, a widespread practice is to take three steps
back to remove ourselves from the distractions of this world. When we begin the Amidah, we take three steps
forward, as if to enter Gods presence.
2
We do not make an interruption between the blessings after Shema and the amidah, even to say Amen, so (in
many congregations) we conclude the blessing with the leader.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


163 Festival Morning Amidah

Festival Morning Amidah


Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days
On festival holy days, continue on page 181.

We rise and take three steps back and three forward.


With feet together, we say the amidah (standing prayer) quietly. When the prayer leader chants aloud, we
respond with the words in gray.1 Words added to honor the Matriarchs easy to skip if you wish.
SP
The two lines below introduce our silent prayer.
Ps 51:17
Ruler, just open my lips
Adonai sefatai tiftach,
and my mouth will declare your praise.
ufi yagid tehilatecha.

Opening Blessings
S
___________________________ 1. Ancestors Avot ___________________________
We bless you, God, u v w z Baruch yata uAdonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
our God Eloheinu
Sa
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak,
and God of Jacob, vElohei Yaakov
m
the God who is great, haEl hagadol
powerful and awesome, God on high; hagibor vehanorah, El elyon,
pl
e
1
Sometimes a congregation does a heiche (or hoiche) kedushahYiddish meaning kedushah out loud. The
prayer leader leads the congregation through kedushah; for minchah, the congregation then returns to the first
blessing (Ancestors / )
and recites the entire Amidah.
We bow four times in the Amidah: at the beginning and end of the first blessing (Ancestors / )and penul-
timate blessing (Thanksgiving / ) . Three times we bend the knees at baruch, bow at atah and straight-
en up at Adonai; at the beginning of the Thanksgiving blessing, we bow without bending the knees. Icons in
the text are reminders to bend the knees, w, to bow from the waist, v, and to stand up, u.
A note on page 426 describes sources for the first blessing of the Amidah.

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Festival Morning Service 164

Good deeds of kindness you reward gomel chasadim tovim


For everything is in your power vekoneh hakol,
Our parents kind deeds you record vezocher chasdei avot ,
And rescue their posterity umevi goel livnei veneihem,
To show your love and honesty.1 lemaan shemo beahavah.
Sovereign, helper, savior, shield. Melech ozer umoshia umagen.
We bless you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai,
SP
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
Abrahams protector . magen Avraham . Amen

____________________________________ 2. Might Gevurot ____________________________________


You are mighty forever, God, Atah gibor leolam Adonai,
S
you bring life to the dead mechayeh metim atah
and are strong in salvation rav lehoshiah
Some add the next line::
you make the dew fall. Morid hatal.
Sa
To bring the dead to life, O you Veneeman ata
Are firm, reliable, and true. lehachayot metim.
We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
3
who revives the dead. mechayeh hametim. Amen
m
The third blessing has two versions. One is responsive, led by the prayer leader;
for individual silent prayer, continue with 3b on page 166.
pl
e
1
Who rewards good, kind deeds and owns everything, who remembers the good deeds of our ancestors, and
who is bringing a redeemer to their childrens children, for the sake of Gods name (i.e., to maintain Gods repu-
tationhence, to prove Gods honesty), with love.
3
This could mean: God wakens dead sinners to a life of faith; God grants an afterlife; God will revive dead
bodies in the future; God breeds life out of death and decomposition, like mushrooms growing on a rotting log.

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165 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

____________________________ 3a. Holiness


Responsive Kedushah ____________________________
We include the responsive Kedushah when the prayer leader repeats the amidah or leads a heiche kedushah.
The congregation begins, and the prayer leader repeats.
Many communities say Kedushah with feet together, rising on the toes for each of the following words:
Kadosh, kadosh kadosh, Baruch (Kevod), and Yimloch.
We shall make your name holy in the world, - Nekadesh et shimcha baolam,
as the angels make it holy keshem shemakdishim oto
in heavens above; bishmei marom;
SP
for your prophet Isaiah wrote, kakatuv al yad neviecha,

Bow left, then right for zeh el zeh:
Isaiah 6:3
And one called to the other, and said: y v Vekarah vzeh el yzeh veamar.
Congregation and prayer leader:
Isaiah 6:3
Holy, holy, holy is God of hosts; Kadosh kadosh kadosh Adonai tzevaot
S
Gods glory fills the universe. melo chol haaretz kevodo.
Congregation, then leader (based on Ezekiel 3:12)
The angels who face them say, Blessed. leumatam Baruch yomeru.
Congregation and prayer leader:
Sa
Ezek 3:12
Blessed is Gods glory Baruch kevod Adonai
flowing from its source. mimkomo.
Congregation, then leader:
And in your holy writings, this is written: Uvedivrei kodshecha katuv lemor:
Congregation and prayer leader:
m
Ps 146:10
God will reign forever, Yimloch Adonai leolam,
Your God, Zion, Elohayich, Tziyon,
from age to age: Halleluyah. ledor vador: Halleluyah.
pl
e

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Festival Morning Service 166

The leader concludes:1


From age to age, your greatness we proclaim, Ledor vador nagid godlecha
Hallow your holiness ulnetzach netzachim
for endless time. kedushatcha nakdish.
Your praise shall Veshivchacha Eloheinu
never, never leave our lips, mipinu lo yamush leolam vaed.
God, great and holy sovereign. Ki El melech gadol vakadosh atah.
SP
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the holy God. haEl hakadosh. Amen

During the repetition, continue with blessing 4, Atah Chonen, on page 167.
S
Individual Kedushah ____________________________
____________________________ 3b. Holiness
You are holy, your name is holy Atah kadosh veshimcha kadosh,
and every day the holy ones - ukedoshim bechol yom
praise you, selah! yehalelucha selah.
Sa
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the holy God. haEl hakadosh. Amen
m
pl
e

1
Some say that during a heiche kedushah, while the leader concludes with Ledor vador, the congregation
should recite the short Holiness blessing (3b) and then continue the Amidah.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


167 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

The leader continues here.


Central Blessings
4. We thank God for our intellectual abilities, knowledge and understanding.
You grace humankind with knowledge Atah chonen leadam daat
and teach people wisdom. umelamed leenosh binah.
Grant us from yourself Choneinu meitcha
knowledge, understanding and wisdom. deah, binah, vehaskel.
SP
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who grants knowledge. chonein hadaat. Amen
5. Bring us back to you, God.
Source of life, bring us back to your Torah; Hashivenu avinu leToratecha
S
O Ruler, bring us close to serve you, vekarvenu malkenu laavodatecha,
and bring us back vehachazirenu
in full repentance before you. bitshuvah shelemah lefanecha;
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai
Sa
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who cherishes repentance. harotzeh bitshuvah. Amen

6. Pardon our sins.
We strike our chest for chatanu (we have sinned) and fashanu (we have transgressed).
Forgive us, source of life, Selach lanu, avinu,
m
for we have sinned; ki chatanu;
pardon us, ruler, mechal lanu, malkenu,
for we have transgressed, ki fashanu,
pl
for you forgive and grant pardons. ki mochel vesoleach atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
gracious and liberal in forgiveness. chanun hamarbeh lisloach. Amen

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Festival Morning Service 168

7. Save us from our troubles.


Look on our misery, plead our cause, Reei nah veonyenu verivah rivenu,
and save us soon for your reputation, ugealenu meherah lemaan shemecha,
for you are a powerful savior. ki goel chazak atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who saves Israel. goel Yisrael. Amen
SP
8. Heal and save us.
Heal us, Ruler, and we will be healed; Refaenu, Adonai, venerafeh;
save us, and we will be saved hoshienu venivasheiah
for you are our praise. ki tehilatenu atah,
And bring full healing vehaaleh refuah shelemah
S
for all our maladies, lechol makoteinu,
-
A private prayer for someone who is ill can be added here.
May your wish be vihi ratzon milfanecha,

O Ruler our God, Adonai Eloheinu
Sa
our ancestors God vElohei avoteinu ,
to quickly send shetishlach meherah
complete healing from above, refuah shelema min hashamayim,
healing of spirit and of body, for refuat hanefesh urefuat haguf, le
1
m
____ child of _____, _____ /_____ _____ ben/bat_____,
and all sick people in our community.2 betoch shear cholei Yisrael.
for you are God, ruler, healer, ki El, melech, rofeh,
faithful and merciful. neeman verachaman atah.
pl
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
healing the sick of your people Israel. rofeh cholei amo Yisrael. Amen

1
Insert the mothers name, if known.
2
Among the rest of the sick people in Israel (i.e., the Jewish community).

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


169 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

9. Grant us a good year.


Ruling God, bless for us Barech aleinu Adonai Eloheinu
this year - et hashanah hazot
and all its kinds of produce, for good,
- veet kol minei tevuatah, letovah,
and grant blessing veten berachah
on the face of the earth, al penei haadamah,
and satisfy us from its goodness vesabeinu mituvah
SP
and bless our year like the best years. uvarech shenatenu kashanim hatovot.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who blesses the years. mevarech hashanim. Amen
10. Gather our exiles.
S
Sound the great shofar for our freedom,
Teka beshofar gadol lecherutenu
raise a banner to gather our exiles, vesa nes lekabetz galuyoteinu
and gather us together vekabtzeinu yachad
from the four corners of the earth. mearbah kanfot haaretz.
Sa
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
gathering your dispersed people, Israel. mekabetz nidchei amo Yisrael. Amen

11. Restore justice, that we may be ruled by God alone.
m
Restore our judges as at first Hashivah shofteinu kevarishonah,
and our advisors as in the beginning,1 veyoatzeinu kevatchilah
take away our sorrow and sighing vehaser mimenu yagon vaanacha,
and rule us, Godyou alone umeloch aleinu atah Adonai levadcha
pl
with kindness and mercy, bechesed uverachamim,
and make us right through judgment. vetzadkeinu bamishpat.
e
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo

1
We pray to see Isaiahs prophecy (1:26) fulfilled: Veashivah shoftayich kevarishonah veyoatzayich kev-
/ I will restore your judges as at first and your advisors as in the
atchilah /
beginning.

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Festival Morning Service 170

ruler who loves melech ohev


righteousness and justice.
tzedakah umishpat. Amen
12. Let evil people meet their fate.
For slanderers, let there be no hope, Velamalshinim al tehi tikvah,
and all wickedness - vechol harishah
may it perish in an instant, kerega toved,
and all your peoples enemies, - vechol oyvei amcha
SP
may they soon be cut down! meherah yikaretu.
And the arrogant people Vehazedim
may you soon uproot and crush them, meherah teaker uteshaber
cast them down and humble them, utemager vetachnia
quickly and in our time! bimherah veyameinu!
S
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah, Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who destroys foes shover oyvim
Sa
and humbles the arrogant. umachnia zedim. Amen
13. But let the righteous enjoy their reward.
For the righteous and devout Al hatzadikim veal hachasidim
and the elders of your people veal ziknei amcha
the Jewish community, beit Yisrael
m
for the remnant of their scholars, veal pleitat sofreihem
for the righteous converts and for us veal gerei hatzedek vealeinu
let your mercies be stirred, yehemu nah rachamecha,
pl
O Ruler, our God, Adonai Eloheinu,
and grant a good reward to all veten sachar tov lechol
who rely on your reputation sincerely, habotchim beshimcha beemet
e
and put our lot with them forever vesim chelkenu imahem leolam
we wont be ashamed, for we trust you. velo nevosh, ki vecha batachnu.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name!. Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the support and trust of the righteous mishan umivtach latzadikim. Amen

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


171 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

14. And let Jerusalem be restored.


And to Jerusalem your city
Velirushalayim ircha
return in mercy, berachamim tashuv,
stay there as you promised, vetishkon betochah kaasher dibarta,
and build it soon, in our days, uveneh otah bekarov beyameinu,
a structure to last forever; binyan olam;
and Davids throne vechiseh David
SP
set it there soon. mehera letochah tachin.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who builds Jerusalem. boneh Yerushalayim. Amen

15. Let the Messiah come Davids descendant.
S
The flower of your servant David - Et tzemach David avdecha
hurry to make it bloom, meherah tatzmiach,
and in your salvation raise his horn: vekarno tarum bishuatecha,
weve waited all day for your salvation! - ki lishuatcha kivinu kol hayom!
Sa
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who makes the horn of salvation flourish. matzmiach keren yeshuah. Amen
16. Hear our prayers.
m
Hear our voice, Sovereign God, Shema kolenu, Adonai Eloheinu,
pity us and be merciful to us, chus verachem aleinu,
and with mercy and favor accept vekabel berachamim uveratzon
our prayer, - et tefilatenu,
pl
for you are a God who listens to ki El shomeah
prayers and petitions. tefilot vetachanunim atah;
e
Dont turn us away from you emptyhanded, umilfanecha malkenu reikam
O Ruler, al teshiveinu,
because you listen to ki atah shomeah
your people Israels prayer in mercy. tefilat amcha Yisrael berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who listens to prayer. shomeah tefilah. Amen

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Festival Morning Service 172

Closing Blessings
________________________________ 1. Temple Service Avodah ________________________________
Sovereign God, take delight Retze Adonai Eloheinu
in your people Israel and in their prayer; beamcha Yisrael uvitfilatam,
restore the Temple service vehashev et haavodah
to the sanctuary of your house;
lidvir beitecha,
1
as for Israels fires and their prayer veishei Yisrael utefilatam
SP

accept them with love and delight; beahavah tekabel beratzon,
2
and may you always enjoy utehi leratzon tamid
the worship of your people Israel. avodat Yisrael amecha.
Our God Eloheinu
S
and God of our ancestors, velohei avoteinu ,
may there rise, approach and reach you, yaaleh veyavo veyagia
be seen, favored, and heard, veyeraeh veyeratzeh veyishama
noticed and remembered veyipaked veyizacher
Sa
thoughts and memories of us, zichronenu ufikdonenu,
and of our ancestors, vezichron avoteinu ,
of the Messiah vezichron Mashiach
(your servant Davids descendant), ben David avdecha,
of Jerusalem vezichron Yerushalayim
m
your holy city, ir kodshecha,
and of all your people - vezichron kol amcha
the descendants of Israel beit Yisrael lefanecha
pl
for deliverance, good, lifleta letova
grace, kindness, mercy, lechen ulchesed ulrachamim
e
life and peace, on this day, lechayim ulshalom, beyom

1
Include the shaded words if you favor the restoration of the sacrificial system.
2
And may it be to your liking forever

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


173 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

On the middle days of Pesach:


this festival of matzah, chag hamatzot hazeh,
time of our freedom
zeman cherutenu
On the middle days of Sukkot:
this festival of Huts, chag hasukkot hazeh
time of our joy zeman simchatenu
Continue here:
SP
Remember us, our sovereign God, Zochrenu Adonai Eloheinu
on this day for good; Amen bo letovah; Amen
think of us for blessing; Amen ufokdenu vo livracha; Amen
and save us for life. Amen vehoshienu vo lechayim. Amen
And as for salvation and mercy Uvidvar yeshuah verachamim
S
take pity on us, be gracious to us, chus vechonenu
have mercy on us, and save us; verachem aleinu vehoshienu,
for our eyes are on you, ki elecha eineinu,
because you are God, a ruler ki el melech
Sa
both gracious and compassionate. chanun verachum ata.

And may our eyes witness Vetechezena eineinu


your return to Zion, in mercy. beshuvcha leTziyon berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
m
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
you return your presence to Zion. hamachazir shechinato leTziyon. Amen
pl
_________________________________ 2a. Thanksgiving Modim _________________________________
We thank you, v yModim anachnu lach
because you are the Ruler, our God, u shaatah huuAdonai Elohenu
e
God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
forever. leolam vaed.
The one sure thing in our lives, Tzur chayenu,
the shield of our salvation magen yishenu,
that is you, from age to age! ata hu ledor vador.

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Festival Morning Service 174

We thank you and declare your praise Nodeh lecha unesaper tehilatecha
For our lives, which in your hand you hold, al chayenu hamsurim beyadecha,
Our souls, which in your care are told; veal nishmoteinu hapekudot lach,
Your miracles, with us every day, - veal nisecha shebchol yom imanu,
Your wonders and abundant boons, veal nifleotecha vetovotecha,
With us evening, morn, and noon. shebechol et, erev vavoker vetzohorayim.
Your mercies never end; the one Hatov ki lo chalu rachamecha,
SP
All good and merciful and blessed, vehamrachem
Whose kindnesses are never done. ki lo tamu chasadecha,
In you our hopes forever rest. meolam kivinu lach.
___________________ 2b. Teachers Thanksgiving Modim
Derabbanan ___________________
When the leader repeats the amidah and says the Thanksgiving blessing, the congregation says this:
S
We thank you v yModim anachnu lach
for you are the Ruler, our God u shaata hu uAdonai Eloheinu
and our ancestors God, vElohei avoteinu ,
Sa
God of all flesh, - Elohei chol basar,
our maker, who formed Creation. yotzrenu, yotzer bereshit.
Blessings and thanks we give Berachot vehodaot
to your great and holy name, leshimcha hagadol vehakadosh,
because you have given us life al shehecheyitanu
m
and sustained us. vekiyamtanu.
Keep giving us life and sustenance,
Ken techayenu utekaymenu,
and gather our scattered exiles veteesof galuyotenu
pl
to the courtyards of your sanctuary, lechatzrot kodshecha,
to keep your statutes, lishmor chukecha
do your will, velaasot retzonecha,
e
and serve you wholeheartedly uleovdecha belevav shalem;
for which we thank you. al sheanachnu modim lach.
Blessed is the God of thanks. Baruch El hahodaot.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


175 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

Continue the Thanksgiving blessing below:


And for all these things may your Veal kulam
name be blessed and exalted, yitbarach veyitromam shimcha
O our ruler, constantly, and for ever. malkenu, tamid leolam vaed.
Every living being will thank you (selah), Vechol hachayim yoducha selah,
and they will hail your name in truth, vihalelu et shimcha beemet,
God, our salvation and help (selah). haEl yeshuatenu veezratenu selah.
SP
Blessed are you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yatah uAdonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
whose reputation is good, hatov shimcha
and to whom thanks are due. ulecha naeh lehodot. Amen
_____________________________________ 3. Peace Shalom _____________________________________
S
Grant peace on earth,1 Sim shalom baolam
goodness and blessing, tovah uvrachah
grace, kindness and mercy chen vachesed verachamim
Sa
for us and all Israel, your people. - aleinu veal kol Yisrael amecha.
Bless us all, O source of life, Barchenu avinu kulanu
as one, in the light of your presence. keechad beor panecha,
For in the light of your presence ki veor panecha
you gave us, Ruling God, natata lanu, Adonai Eloheinu,
m
the Torah of life, the love of kindness, Torat chayim veahavat chesed
righteousness and blessing, utzedaka uveracha
mercy, life and peace. verachamim vechayim veshalom.
pl
And its good in your eyes Vetov beeinecha
to bless your people Israel - levarech et amcha Yisrael,
at every time and in every hour - - bechol et uvechol shaah
e
with your peace. bishlomecha.

1
On earth is added in the Conservative liturgy.

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Festival Morning Service 176

We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,


Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who blesses Gods people Israel hamvarech et amo Yisrael
with peace. bashalom. Amen

The amidah ends here, but we remain standing to express our own thanks and the longings of our heart,
guided by the following paragraphs. After repeating the amidah, the leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.
SP
_________________________________________ Personal Prayer _________________________________________
My God, keep bad words from my tongue, Elohai, netzor leshoni mera,
and lies from my lips. usefatai midaber mirmah.
Let me not try to answer those who curse me; Velimkalelai nafshi tidom,
S
let my spirit be as still as dust to everyone. venafshi keafar lakol tihyeh.
Open my heart with your teaching Petach libi beToratecha,
that my spirit may follow your rules. uvemitzvotecha tirdof nafshi.
As for all who plan harm for me, - Vechol hachoshvim alai raah,
Sa
quickly upset their designs meherah hafer atzatam
and spoil their plans. vekalkel machashavtam.
Do it for the sake of your reputation; Aseh lemaan shemecha,
do it for the sake of your right hand; aseh lemaan yeminecha,
do it for the sake of your holiness; aseh lemaan kedushatecha,
m
do it for the sake of your law. aseh lemaan Toratecha.
Ps 60:7
To save your devoted followers,
Lemaan yechaltzun yedidecha,
take action, rescue and answer me!
hoshiah yemincha, vaaneni.
pl
Psalm 19:15
May what I say be to your liking,

Yiheyu leratzon imrei fi,
and my deepest thoughts come before you, vehegyon libi lefanecha,
e
God, my rock, my savior. Adonai, tzuri, vegoali.

Take three steps back, bow left on oseh shalom, right on hu yaaseh and forward on aleinu.
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, replace the next line with the shaded line.
Making peace in heaven above, Oseh shalom bimromav
may God bring peace hu yaaseh shalom
to us and to all Israel, aleinu veal kol Yisrael,
Now you say, Amen. veimru, Amen.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


177 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

Add this passage if you mourn the loss of the sacrificial system, metaphorically or literally.
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
soon, in our days, bimherah veyameinu
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
SP
and there we shall serve you reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah
Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
Mal. 3:4
So that God will enjoy Vearvah lAdonai
the sacrifice of Judah and Jerusalem
minchat Yehudah Virushalayim
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
S
Take three steps forward. The leader says Full Kaddish, page 369.
Sa
m
pl
e

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 178

_____________________________________Our Duty Aleinu1 ____________________________________


The Sovereign of all u uAleinu leshabeach
to praise were bound, laadon hakol,
The Creative Force latet gedulah
with greatness to crown, leyotzer bereshit,
Who made us like no other race shelo asanu kegoyei haaratzot
On earth, nor set us velo samanu
SP
in their place. kmishpechot haadamah,
Our fatelike theirs God made it not shelo sam chelkenu kahem
But chose for us a different lot. 2 - vegoralenu kechol hamonam.
Some add the next three lines.
For they prostrate themselves Shehem mishtachavim
S
before futility and emptiness lehevel varik
Is 45:20
and pray to a god that cant help.

umitpalelim el el lo yoshia.
We bend the knee w Vaanachnu zkorim
v yumishtachavim umodim
Sa
and bow the head gratefully,
Before the Ruler whom rulers dread, u ulifnei melech malchei hamlachim,
The holy, blessed One Hakadosh baruch hu;
m
pl
e
1
For our note on Aleinu, please see page 424.
2
We are bound to give praise / to the ruler of everything, /to acknowledge the greatness /of the one who
formed creation, who did not make us like other nations nor position us like the rest of the worlds families, /
who did not make our portion like theirs / nor our destiny like that of those multitudes. If you dislike the idea
that Jews are a chosen people, you might consider that in ancient days our mission was to bring Torah values
to those who lacked them; now, perhaps, that mission is largely fulfilled. Or, you might say for the

two words sound identicalimplying that God chose us, for Gods own purposes, to be like the other nations,
by showing them how to live a Torah-observant life.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


179 Morning Amidah for Festival Intermediate Days

Who Is. 51:13 stretches out the heavens, shehu noteh shamayim
Supports the earth below; veyosed aretz,
Above, high in the sky, umoshav yekaro
The Presence does bestow; bashamayim mimaal,
Whose power dwells
ushechinat uzo
1
In heights where none can go. begovhei meromim.
This is our God, there is no more; Hu Eloheinu, ein od;
SP
our ruler is truth, beyond whom is naught. emet malkenu, efes zulato.
Its written in Gods Law: Kakatuv bTorato:
Deut 4:39
This day you must know
Veyadata hayom,
and take it to heart
vahashevota el levavecha
that God is God
ki Adonai, hu haElohim
S
in heaven above bashamayim mimaal,
and on earth below: nothing else is. veal haaretz mitachat: ein od.
Sa
So we hope in you, Al ken nekaveh lecha,
God, our God, Adonai Eloheinu,
soon to see your splendid power, lirot meherah betiferet uzecha;
to make idols pass from the earth
lehaavir gilulim min haaretz,
and destroy false gods, vehaelilim karot yikaretun,
m
to repair the world in the Almightys rule. letahken olam bemalchut shadai,
And all people - vechol benei vasar
will call on your name, yikreu vishmecha,
pl
to turn to you all the wicked on earth. - lehafnot elecha kol rishei aretz.
Theyll see and know Yakiru veyedu
all earth dwellers - kol yoshvei tevel,
e
that to you each knee must bend, - ki lecha tichra kol berech,
each tongue must swear. - tishava kol lashon.

1
We bend the knee / and bow in gratitude / before the ruler, / ruler of rulers, / the holy, blessed one, who
stretches out the heavens, / supports the earth below; / whose own dwelling place / is in the sky above / and
whose power is present / in the loftiest heights.

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Festival Morning Service 180

Before you, ruling God, Lefanecha Adonai Elohenu


they will kneel and fall down, yichreu veyipolu,
and to the glory of your reputation velichvod shimcha
they will give honor. yekar yitenu,
And they will all accept vikablu chulam
the yoke of your rule,
- et ol malchutecha,
that soon you may rule them vetimloch aleihem mehera
SP
forever and ever. leolam vaed.
For this is your reign, Ki hamalchut shelcha hi,
and forever and ever uleolmei ad
you will rule in glory. timloch bechavod.
Its written in your Law: Kakatuv beToratecha:
S
Ex. 15:18
God will be the ruler forever! Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
And its said in your scripture: veneemar:
Zech. 14:9
And God will be ruler Vehayah Adonai lemelech
Sa
over all the earth; al kol haaretz;
on that day God will be one
bayom hahu yihyeh Adonai echad
and Gods name will be one.
ushemo echad.

Mourners and those observing yahrzeit remain standing to lead Mourners Kaddish, page 371.
m
Continue with Hallel (page 193), Torah Service for Intermediate Days (page 228) , and Musaf (page 248).

On Sukkot, take the lulav and etrog before Hallel.


pl
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


181 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days


We stand to say the silent amidah, and take three steps forward, as if entering holy space.
Ps 51:17
Ruler, just open my lips
Adonai sefatai tiftach,
and my mouth will declare your praise.
ufi yagid tehilatecha.

____________________ 1. Ancestors Avot ____________________


We bless you, God, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
SP

our God Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak,
and God of Jacob, vElohei Yaakov
S
the God who is great, haEl hagadol
powerful and awesome, God on high; hagibor vehanorah, El elyon,
Sa
Good deeds of kindness you reward gomel chasadim tovim
For everything is in your power vekoneh hakol,
Our parents kind deeds you record vezocher chasdei avot ,
And rescue their posterity umevi goel livnei veneihem,
1
To show your love and honesty. lemaan shemo beahavah.
m
Sovereign, helper, savior, shield. Melech ozer umoshia umagen.
We bless you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yata uAdonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
pl
Abrahams protector . magen Avraham . Amen
e
1
Who rewards good, kind deeds and owns everything, who remembers the good deeds of our ancestors, and
who is bringing a redeemer to their childrens children, for the sake of Gods name (i.e., to maintain Gods repu-
tationhence, to prove Gods honesty), with love.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 182

____________________________ 2. Might Gevurot ____________________________


You are mighty forever, God, Atah gibor leolam Adonai,
you bring life to the dead mechayeh metim atah
and are strong in salvation rav lehoshiah

From the second day of Pesach until Shemini Atzeret, some add:
you make the dew fall. Morid hatal.
On the first evening and morning of Pesach, add:
SP
you make wind blow and rain fall.1 Mashiv haruach umorid hageshem.
You feed the living with your grace, Mechalkel chayim bechesed,
2
Revive the dead with kind embrace, mechayeh metim berachamim rabim.
Support the fallen, heal the sick, Somech noflim verofeh cholim
And set the prisoners free, umatir asurim,
S
And faithfully fulfill your trust umkayem emunato
For people who sleep in the dust.
lishenei afar.
Who is like you, who can appear Mi chamocha baal gevurot,
Like you, sovereign of power? umi domeh lach,
Sa
Ruler, both death and life you bring; melech memit umchayeh
You make salvation flower. umatzmiach yeshuah.
To bring the dead to life, O you Veneeman ata
Are firm, reliable, and true. lehachayot metim.
m
We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who revives the dead.3 mechayeh hametim. Amen
pl
The third blessing has responsive and individual versions.
3a is the responsive version; 3b (page 184) is for individual silent prayer.
e
1
Especially in winter, when nature seems dormant, we note that the cycle of seasons will bring a new spring
and reassure ourselves that the promise of resurrectionhowever we understand itcan surely be fulfilled.
2
Kind embrace is literally abundant mercies.
3
This could mean: God wakens dead sinners to a life of faith; God grants an afterlife; God will revive dead
bodies in the future; God breeds life out of death and decomposition, like mushrooms growing on a rotting log.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


183 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

____________________ 3a. Holiness


Responsive Kedushah ____________________
We include the responsive Kedushah when the prayer leader repeats the amidah or leads a heiche kedushah.
The congregation begins, and the prayer leader repeats.
Recite the Kedushah with feet together, rising on the toes for each of the following words:
Kadosh, kadosh kadosh, Baruch (Kevod), and Yimloch.
We shall make your name holy in the world, - Nekadesh et shimcha baolam,
as the angels make it holy keshem shemakdishim oto
in heavens above; bishmei marom;
SP
for your prophet Isaiah wrote, kakatuv al yad neviecha,

Bow left, then right for zeh el zeh.
Isaiah 6:3
And one called to the other, and said: y v Vekarah vzeh el yzeh veamar.
Congregation and leader:
Isaiah 6:3
Holy, holy, holy Kadosh kadosh kadosh
S
is God of hosts; Adonai tzevaot;
Gods glory fills the universe. melo chol haaretz kevodo.
Congregation, then leader:
Then with a great, loud voice, Az bekol raash gadol,
Sa
awesome and strong, adir vechazak
they make their voices heard, mashmiim kol,
rising to face the seraphim mitnasim leumat serafim
who face them and say, Blessed. leumatam Baruch yomeru.
m
Congregation and leader:
Ezek 3:12
Blessed is Gods glory Baruch kevod Adonai
flowing from its source. mimkomo.
Congregation, then leader:
pl
Ruler, appear from your source Mimkomcha, malkeinu, tofia,
and rule over us, vetimloch aleinu,
for we are waiting for you. ki mechakim anachnu lach.
e
When will you rule Zion? Matai timloch beTziyon,
Soon, in our lifetime, bekarov beyameinu
you will establish your eternal rule. leolam vaed tishkon.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 184

Be acclaimed and sanctified Titgadal vetitkadash


in your city Jerusalem
betoch Yerushalayim ircha
from age to age, in great triumph. ledor vador ulenetzach netzachim.
May our eyes witness your rule
Veeineinu tirena malchutecha
in the words spoken kadavar haamur
in the songs about your power beshirei uzecha
composed by David, al yedei David
SP
your righteous, anointed king: meshiach tzidkecha.
Congregation and leader:
Ps 146:10
God will reign forever, Yimloch Adonai leolam,
Your God, Zion, Elohayich, Tziyon,
from age to age: Halleluyah. ledor vador: Halleluyah.
S
The leader concludes:1
From age to age, your greatness we proclaim, Ledor vador nagid godlecha
Hallow your holiness ulnetzach netzachim
for endless time. kedushatcha nakdish.
Sa
Your praise shall Veshivchacha Eloheinu
never, never leave our lips, mipinu lo yamush leolam vaed.
God, great and holy sovereign. Ki El melech gadol vakadosh atah.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
m
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the holy God. haEl hakadosh. Amen

_____________________ 3c. Holiness


Individual Kedushah_____________________
pl
You are holy, your name is holy Atah kadosh veshimcha kadosh,
and every day the holy ones - ukedoshim bechol yom
praise you, selah! yehalelucha selah.
e
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
the holy God. haEl hakadosh. Amen

1
Some say that during a heiche kedushah, while the leader concludes with Ledor vador, the congregation
should recite the short Holiness blessing and then continue the Amidah.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


185 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

_______________ 4. Holiness of This Day Kedushat Hayom


______________
You chose us from all the other peoples. - Ata vechartanu mikol haamim.
You gave us your love, took delight in us Ahavta otanu, veratzita banu,
and raised us above all other peoples; - veromamtanu mikol halshonot,
you made us holy through your rules vekidashtanu bemitzvotecha,
and brought us close, Ruler, to serve you, vekeravtanu malkenu laavodatecha,
and you bestowed on us veshimcha hagadol vehakadosh
SP
your great and holy reputation.
aleinu karata.
And you gave us, Sovereign God, Vatiten lanu, Adonai Eloheinu
with festivals for rejoicing beahavah moadim lesimchah,
feasts and times for joy, chagim uzemanim lesason,
this day - et yom
S
For Pesach:
this festival of Matza, chag hamatzot hazeh,
time of our freedom
zeman cherutenu
For Shavuot:
Sa
this festival of Weeks, chag hashavuot hazeh,
time of giving us our Torah zeman matan Toratenu
For Sukkot:
this festival of Huts, chag hasukkot hazeh
m
time of our joy zeman simchatenu

For Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah:
the eighth day, this festival of assembly, hashmini chag haatzeret hazeh,
time of our joy zeman simchatenu
pl
Continue here on all festivals:
a holy assembly,1 mikra kodesh
recalling our Exodus from Egypt. zecher litziyat Mitzrayim.
e

1
is a convocation, a calling together, an assembly, from the root , to call.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 186

Our God Eloheinu


and God of our ancestors, velohei avoteinu ,
may there rise, approach and reach you, yaaleh veyavo veyagia
be seen, favored, and heard, veyeraeh veyeratzeh veyishama
noticed and remembered veyipaked veyizacher
thoughts and memories of us, zichronenu ufikdonenu,
and of our ancestors, vezichron avoteinu ,
SP
of the Messiah vezichron Mashiach
(your servant Davids descendant), ben David avdecha,
of Jerusalem vezichron Yerushalayim
your holy city, ir kodshecha,
and of all your people - vezichron kol amcha
S
the descendants of Israel beit Yisrael lefanecha
for deliverance, good, lifleta letova
grace, kindness, mercy, lechen ulchesed ulrachamim
Sa
life and peace, lechayim ulshalom,
For Pesach:
on this festival of matza. beyom chag hamatzot hazeh.
For Shavuot:
on this festival of matza. beyom chag hashavuot hazeh.
m
For Sukkot:
on this festival of huts. beyom chag hasukkot hazeh.
For Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah:
on the eighth day, beyom hashmini
pl
this festival of assembly. chag haatzeret hazeh.
Continue here on all festivals:
Remember us, our sovereign God, Zochrenu Adonai Eloheinu
e
on this day for good; Amen bo letovah; Amen
think of us for blessing; Amen ufokdenu vo livracha; Amen
and save us for life. Amen vehoshienu vo lechayim. Amen

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


187 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

And as for salvation and mercy Uvidvar yeshuah verachamim


take pity on us, be gracious to us, chus vechonenu
have mercy on us, and save us; verachem aleinu vehoshienu,
for our eyes are on you, ki elecha eineinu,
because you are God, a ruler ki el melech
both gracious and compassionate. chanun verachum ata.
SP
Grant us, Ruling God, Vehasienu Adonai Eloheinu
the blessing of your festivals - et birkat moadecha
for life and peace, lechayim uleshalom,
for joy and happiness, as you wished
lesimcha ulesason, kaasher ratzita
and said you would bless us. veamarta levarchenu.
S
Our Sovereign God, Eloheinu veElohei
our parents God, avoteinu ,
Hallow us with your commands, Kadsheinu bemitzvotecha,
Sa
And in us Torah-shares invest. veten chelkenu beToratecha.
Fill us from your bounty fair, Sabeinu mituvecha,
In your salvation give us cheer; vesamcheinu bishuatecha,
Cleanse our hearts to serve you right vetaher libeinu leovdecha beemet.
And lovingly entrust to us, Vehanchilenu Adonai Eloheinu
m
with joy and glee, besimchah uvesason
times of festivity. moadei kodshecha,
Grant Israel joy now, who proclaim veyismechu vecha Yisrael
pl
The sanctity of your great name. mekadshei shemecha.
Blessed are you, Ruler, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
who sanctifies Israel mekadesh Yisrael
1
and our festive times. vehazmanim. Amen

1
God and god of our ancestors, enjoy our rest. Make us holy with your commandments, and grant our portion
in your Torah. Satisfy us from your goodness, and make us rejoice in your salvation, and cleanse our hearts for
your service in truth. And let us inherit, Sovereign God, with love and delight, with joy and glee, Shabbat and

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 188

________________________ 5. Temple Service Avodah ________________________


Sovereign God, take delight Retze Adonai Eloheinu
in your people Israel and in their prayer; beamcha Yisrael uvitfilatam,
restore the Temple service vehashev et haavodah
to the sanctuary of your house; lidvir beitecha,
1
as for Israels fires and their prayer veishei Yisrael utefilatam
accept them with love and delight; beahavah tekabel beratzon,
SP
2
and may you always enjoy utehi leratzon tamid
the worship of your people Israel. avodat Yisrael amecha.
And may our eyes witness Vetechezena eineinu
your return to Zion, in mercy. beshuvcha leTziyon berachamim.
Blessed are you, Ruler; Baruch atah Adonai,
S
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
you return your presence to Zion. hamachazir shechinato leTziyon. Amen

_________________________ 6a. Thanksgiving Modim _________________________


Sa
We thank you, v yModim anachnu lach
because you are the Ruler, our God, u shaatah huuAdonai Elohenu
God of our ancestors, vElohei avoteinu ,
forever. leolam vaed.
m
The one sure thing in our lives, Tzur chayenu,
the shield of our salvation magen yishenu,
that is you, from age to age! ata hu ledor vador.
pl
We thank you and declare your praise Nodeh lecha unesaper tehilatecha
For our lives, which in your hand you hold, al chayenu hamsurim beyadecha,
Our souls, which in your care are told; veal nishmoteinu hapekudot lach,
e
Your miracles, with us every day, - veal nisecha shebchol yom imanu,

your holy assemblies. And let Israel rejoice in you, they who make your name holy. Blessed are you, who make
Shabbat, Israel and the seasons holy.
1
Include the shaded words if you favor the restoration of the sacrificial system.
2
And may it be to your liking forever

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


189 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

Your wonders and abundant boons, veal nifleotecha vetovotecha,


With us evening, morn, and noon. shebechol et, erev vavoker vetzohorayim.
Your mercies never end; the one Hatov ki lo chalu rachamecha,
All good and merciful and blessed, vehamrachem
Whose kindnesses are never done. ki lo tamu chasadecha,
In you our hopes forever rest. meolam kivinu lach.

____________ 6b. Teachers Thanksgiving Modim Derabbanan ___________


SP
When the leader repeats the amidah and says the Thanksgiving blessing, the congregation says this:
We thank you v yModim anachnu lach
for you are the Ruler, our God u shaata hu uAdonai Eloheinu
and our ancestors God, vElohei avoteinu ,
God of all flesh,
S
- Elohei chol basar,
our maker, who formed Creation. yotzrenu, yotzer bereshit.
Blessings and thanks we give Berachot vehodaot
to your great and holy name, leshimcha hagadol vehakadosh,
Sa
because you have given us life al shehecheyitanu
and sustained us. vekiyamtanu.
Keep giving us life and sustenance,
Ken techayenu utekaymenu,
and gather our scattered exiles veteesof galuyotenu
m
to the courtyards of your sanctuary, lechatzrot kodshecha,
to keep your statutes, lishmor chukecha
do your will, velaasot retzonecha,
and serve you wholeheartedly uleovdecha belevav shalem;
pl

for which we thank you. al sheanachnu modim lach.
Blessed is the God of thanks. Baruch El hahodaot.

Continue the Thanksgiving blessing below:
e
And for all these things may your Veal kulam
name be blessed and exalted, yitbarach veyitromam shimcha
O our ruler, constantly, and for ever. malkenu, tamid leolam vaed.
Every living being will thank you (selah), Vechol hachayim yoducha selah,
and they will hail your name in truth, vihalelu et shimcha beemet,
God, our salvation and help (selah). haEl yeshuatenu veezratenu selah.

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
Festival Morning Service 190

Blessed are you, Ruler, u v w zBaruch yatah uAdonai,


Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
whose reputation is good, hatov shimcha
and to whom thanks are due. ulecha naeh lehodot. Amen
_____________________________ 7. Peace Shalom ____________________________
Grant peace on earth,1 Sim shalom baolam
SP
goodness and blessing, tovah uvrachah
grace, kindness and mercy chen vachesed verachamim
for us and all Israel, your people. - aleinu veal kol Yisrael amecha.
Bless us all, O source of life, Barchenu avinu kulanu
as one, in the light of your presence. keechad beor panecha,
S
For in the light of your presence ki veor panecha
you gave us, Ruling God, natata lanu, Adonai Eloheinu,
the Torah of life, the love of kindness, Torat chayim veahavat chesed
righteousness and blessing, utzedaka uveracha
Sa
mercy, life and peace. verachamim vechayim veshalom.
And its good in your eyes Vetov beeinecha
to bless your people Israel - levarech et amcha Yisrael,
at every time and in every hour - - bechol et uvechol shaah
m
with your peace. bishlomecha.
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
pl
who blesses Gods people Israel hamvarech et amo Yisrael
with peace. bashalom. Amen
e
The amidah ends here, but we remain standing to express our own thanks and the longings of our heart,
guided by the following paragraphs. After the amidah, the leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.

1
On earth is added in the Conservative liturgy.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


191 Morning Amidah for Festival Holy Days

_________________________________ Personal Prayer _________________________________


My God, keep bad words from my tongue, Elohai, netzor leshoni mera,
and lies from my lips. usefatai midaber mirmah.
Let me not try to answer those who curse me; Velimkalelai nafshi tidom,
let my spirit be as still as dust to everyone. venafshi keafar lakol tihyeh.
Open my heart with your teaching Petach libi beToratecha,
that my spirit may follow your rules. uvemitzvotecha tirdof nafshi.
SP
As for all who plan harm for me, - Vechol hachoshvim alai raah,
quickly upset their designs meherah hafer atzatam
and spoil their plans. vekalkel machashavtam.
Do it for the sake of your reputation; Aseh lemaan shemecha,
do it for the sake of your right hand; aseh lemaan yeminecha,
S
do it for the sake of your holiness; aseh lemaan kedushatecha,
do it for the sake of your law. aseh lemaan Toratecha.
Ps 60:7
To save your devoted followers,
Lemaan yechaltzun yedidecha,
Sa
take action, rescue and answer me!
hoshiah yemincha, vaaneni.
Psalm 19:15
May what I say be to your liking,

Yiheyu leratzon imrei fi,
and my deepest thoughts come before you, vehegyon libi lefanecha,
God, my rock, my savior. Adonai, tzuri, vegoali.

Take three steps back, bow left on oseh shalom, right on hu yaaseh and forward on aleinu.
m
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, replace the next line with the shaded line.
Making peace in heaven above, Oseh shalom bimromav
may God bring peace hu yaaseh shalom
pl
to us and to all Israel, aleinu veal kol Yisrael,
Now you say, Amen. veimru, Amen.

Add this passage if you mourn the loss of the sacrificial system, metaphorically or literally.
e
May this be what you want, Yehi ratzon milfanecha
ruling God Adonai Eloheinu
and God of our ancestors: vElohei avoteinu ,
that the Temple be rebuilt sheyibaneh beit hamikdash
soon, in our days, bimherah veyameinu
and restore our rights in your Torah, veten chelkenu beToratecha
and there we shall serve you reverently vesham naavodcha beyirah
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Festival Morning Service 192

Mal 3:4
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
Mal. 3:4
So that God will enjoy Vearvah lAdonai
the sacrifice of Judah and Jerusalem
minchat Yehudah Virushalayim
as in days of old and years long past.
kimei olam ucheshanim kadmoniyot.
SP
S
Sa
m
pl
e

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


193 Hallel

Hallel1
On Sukkot, take the lulav and etrog, saying the following blessing (some people add a meditation first):
We bless you, ruling God u uBaruch atah Adonai
Your rule is everywhere; Eloheinu melech haolam,
You made us holy with your rules asher kidshanu bemitzvotav
To lift our lulav in the air. vetzivanu al netilat lulav.

The first time you take the lulav and etrog, add this blessing:
SP
We bless you, Sovereign God, Baruch ata Adonai
Who rules eternal time and space; Eloheinu melech haolam,
You raised us and sustained us, Shehecheyanu vekimanu
2
And you brought us to this place. Vehigianu lazman hazeh.
S
Prayer leader begins; congregation responds Amen and repeats:
We bless you, ruling God u uBaruch atah Adonai
Eternal is your might; Eloheinu melech haolam,
You made us holy with your rules asher kidshanu bemitzvotav
Sa
This Hallel to recite. - vetzivanu likro et haHallel. Amen

____________________________________ Psalm 113 ___________________________________


1
Halleluyah, Halleluyah
Gods servants, give praise! Hallelu avdei Adonai
m
Praise Gods reputation! hallelu et shem Adonai,
2
Now and forevermore
yehi shem Adonai mevorach
Gods name be blessed. meata vead olam;
pl
3
From where the sun begins its course,
mimizrach shemesh ad mevoo
Until at last it comes to rest, mehulal shem Adonai.
Gods name be praised.
e
1
We add Hallel, psalms 113-118, on Rosh Chodesh, festivals and Chanukah; some add Hallel on Israels Inde-
pendence Day and Yom Yerushalayim. Hallel was part of the Temple ritual; for example, the Levites would
recite Hallel as the Jews slaughtered their lambs for the Passover sacrifice (Mishnah Pesachim 5:7).
2
Place is literally time; but are not time and space a continuum?

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Festival Morning Service 194

4
Above all peoples God is high, Ram al kol goyim Adonai,
Gods glory soars above the sky. al hashamayim kevodo;
5
Who is like our sovereign God, mi kAdonai Eloheinu,
whose throne is high above the sky,
hamagbihi lashavet,
6
who deigns to peer
hamashpili lirot
1
on us down here? bashamayim uvaaretz.
7
God lifts the pauper from the dust,
Mekimi meafar dal,
SP
from ashes brings the mourner, meashpot yarim evyon
8
to seat him with the upper crust,


lehoshivi im nedivim,
2
in the big givers corner. im nedivei amo.
9
God makes the childless woman

Moshivi akeret habayit
S
3
a joyful mother of children; Halleluyah! em habanim semecha: Halleluyah!

____________________________________Psalm 1144 ___________________________________


1
When Jacobs house left Egypt land Betzeit Yisrael miMitzrayim,
Sa
(They had been there too long!) beit Yaakov meam loez,
They left behind a place where people
Spoke in foreign tongue.5
2
Judah was Gods holy place
hayta Yehudah lekodshoh,
A place God found among em. Yisrael mamshelotav;
m
Israel was in Gods own grasp,
And to their home God brung em.
pl
1
Literally, Who becomes lower in order to look on heaven and earthGod is so very high that even the
heights of barely deserve Gods lofty attention.
e
2
It would be more literal to translate verses 7 and 8, The pauper in the dust, God stands him upright. The
mourner in ashes, God lifts him up, to seat him with the big givers in the community. A is a magnanimous
person as well as brand of cheap Israeli cigarettes.
3
A pre-feminist way of saying that God grants our dearest wishes.
4
You can sing the English to the same tune as the Hebrew, but the English verses also work with Let My Peo-
ple Go (if you add your own chorus, though). For the rest of Psalm 114, you can sing the English to the same
tune as the Hebrew.
5
When Israel came out of Egypt, when Jacobs descendants left a people with a foreign language

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


195 Hallel

3
The sea saw it and tried to split, hayam raah vayanos,
Upstream the Jordan ran. haYarden yisov leachor;
4
Like lusty rams the mountains pranced,
heharim rakdu cheeilim
1
Hills skipped around like lambs. gevaot kivnei tzon.
5
Whats got you on the run,
Mah lecha hayam
What is your problem, ocean? ki tanoos,
Whats got you cringing, Jordan, haYarden
SP
That backward is your motion? tisov leachor?
6
Whats put you all a-jitter Heharim
You mountains jump like rams!
tirkedu cheeilim
Whats put you all a-skitter, gevaot
Hills gambolling like lambs?2 kivnei tzon?
S

7 3
At the presence of the Boss Milifnei Adon
The fearful earth will shiver
chuli aretz,
At the presence of the Boss, milifnei
Sa
God of Jacob, it will quiver. Eloah Yaakov
8
God made a pool of water Hahofchi hatzur
From rock that flanked a mountain; agam mayim,
That brittle flinty stone Chalamish
m
4
Became a running fountain. lemayno mayim.
pl
e
1
Literally, When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob out of a people who spoke a strange language,
Judah became Gods holy thing, Israel Gods possession. The sea saw it and fled; the Jordan ran backwards. The
mountains danced like rams, the hills like lambs.
2
Whats wrong, sea, that you run away? / Jordan, that you turn back? / Mountains, that you dance like rams? /
Hills, like lambs?
3
Adon in Hebrew is for someone in charge; in our society, thats the Boss.
4
Before God, dance, O earth, / Before the God of Jacob, / Who turned the rock into a pool of water, / The
flinty rock into a fountain.

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Festival Morning Service 196

_________________________________ Psalm 115: 1-11 _________________________________


Omit on the last six days of Pesach.
1
Not for us, God, not for us, Lo lanu, Adonai, lo lanu
but for the sake of your name give glory,
ki leshimcha ten kavod
for the sake of your kindness and truth. al chasdcha al amitecha
2
Why should the other nations say of us,
lama yomru hagoyim,
Where is their God? Ayeh na eloheihem?
SP
3
When our God is in heaven vEloheinu vashamayim,
doing whatever God wishes? kol asher chafetz asah.
4
Their idols are silver and gold, Atzabayhem kesef vezahav,
work of human hands.1 Maaseh yedei adam.
5
They have a mouth but cannot speak; Peh lahem velo yedaberu,
S
eyes, but they cannot see. einayim lahem velo yiru.
6
They have ears, but they cant hear; Oznayim lahem velo yishmau,
a nose, but they cant smell af lahem velo yerichun.
Sa
7
hands, but they cant feel;
Yedeihem velo yemishun,
feet, but they cant walk; ragleihem velo yehalechu,
they cant make a sound with their throat. lo yehgu bigronam.
8
Their makers are like the idols they make, Kemohem yihyu oseihem,
and so are all who rely on them. kol asher boteach bahem.
m
9
But Israel relies on God. Yisrael btach bAdonai,
God is their help and their shield. ezram umaginam hu.
10
Aarons house trusts in God;
Beit Aharon bitchu bAdonai,
pl
God is their help and their shield. ezram umaginam hu.
11
Those who fear God trust in God; Yirei Adonai bitchu vAdonai,
e
God is their help and their shield. ezram umaginam hu.

1
This psalm brings to mind the Midrashic story of young Abram, later Abraham. His father (the story goes)
made a living selling idols. One day, Abram smashed most of the idols in the shop, leaving one statue to hold
the hammer. Dad was angry; Abram blamed the idol. Thats ridiculous, said Dad, theyre just stone. In
that case, says Abram, how can you sell them and let people pray to them?

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


197 Hallel

_________________________________ Psalm 115: 12-181 ________________________________


12
God has remembered us and will bless Adonai zecharanu; yevarech
will bless the house of Israel, yevarech et beit Yisrael,
will bless the house of Aaron,
yevarech et beit Aharon,
13
God will bless those who fear God, yevarech yirei Adonai,
both small and great. haktanim im hagdolim.
14
God will give you more, Yosef Adonai aleichem,
SP
you and your children.
aleichem veal beneichem.
15
Youll be blessed by God,
Beruchim atem lAdonai,
the maker of heaven and earth. oseh shamayim vaaretz.
16
Heaven is for God, Hashamayim shamayim lAdonai,
who gave the earth to people.2 vehaaretz natan livnei adam.
S
17
Dead people dont hail God, Lo hametim yehallu Yah,
nor do those who have gone down to silence. velo kol yordei dumah.
18
But we will bless God Vaanachnu nevarech Yah
Sa
from now on and forever. meatah vead olam
Halleluyah! Halleluyah.

__________________________________Psalm 116: 1-11 _________________________________


Omit on the last six days of Pesach.
m
1
I love it when God hears Ahavti ki yishma Adonai
my voice, my prayers.
et koli tachanunai,
2
For God bent an ear to me,
ki hita ozno li
pl
so Ill call on God all my days.
uvyamai ekra.
3
The bonds of death had tied me, Afafuni chevlei mavet,
the narrow grave had found me;
umtzarei Sheol mtzauni.
e
I had come to grief and trouble. tzara veyagon emtza.

1
How is this related to the beginning of Psalm 115? The first part speaks of our trust in God; this part speaks of
God fulfilling that trust. The first part contrasts inanimate idols with the living God; this part contrasts the dead,
who cannot praise God, with us, who live and praise God.
2
The heavens are the heavens of God, and God gave the earth to the children of Adam.

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Festival Morning Service 198

4
So I called in the name of God,
Uvshem Adonai ekra,
God, please! Save my soul! Ana Adonai, malta nafshi!
5
God is gentle and righteous, Chanun Adonai vetzadik,
and our God acts kindly. vEloheinu merachem;
6
God guards the simple; shomer petaim Adonai,
I was down, but God saved me.

daloti veli yehoshia.
7
O my soul, return and rest,
Shuvi nafshi limnuchaychi
SP
because God has been kind to you ki Adonai gamal alaychi,
8
and has saved my soul from death, ki chilatzta nafshi mimavet,
my eyes from weeping,
et eini min dima,
and my legs from failing.
et ragli midechi.
S
9
Ill walk before God Ethalech lifnei Adonai
in the lands of the living. beartzot hachayim.
10
I kept my faith even when I said, Heemanti ki adaber,
Im really suffering.
Ani aniti meod.
Sa
11
I said in my haste, Ani amarti vechofzi,
1
All people are liars.
Kol haadam kozev.

_________________________________ Psalm 116: 12-192 ________________________________


12
What can I do for God, in return Mah ashiv lAdonai
m
for all that God has done for me?
kol tagmulohi alay?
13
Ill raise the cup of salvation, Kos yeshuot esah
and Ill call on the name of God.
uvshem Adonai ekra.
pl
14
Ill pay off my pledges to God Nedarai lAdonai ashalem
in front of all Gods people.
negda na lechol amo.
15
God sets a high price on Yakar beeinei Adonai
e
the death of those God loves.
hamavtah lachasidav.

1
The sense could be: Even when I was suffering, and God seemed to have abandoned me, I trusted God. But
as for people, I could see pretty quickly that theyre not reliable.
2
How does this follow from the first part of the psalm? The psalmist resolves to be as reliable toward God as
God has been toward him or her.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


199 Hallel

16
God, I am your servant, Ana Adonai ki ani avdecha,
your servant, the child of your handmaid ani avdcha, ben amatecha
so you have unshackled me. pitachta lemoseray.
17
Ill bring you thank-offerings
Lecha ezbach zevach todah
and Ill call on the name of God.
uvshem Adonai ekra.
18
Ill pay off my pledges to God Nedarai lAdonai ashalem
in front of all Gods people,
negda na lechol amo.
SP
19
in the courts of Gods Temple, Bechatzrot beit Adonai,
in your center, O Jerusalem. betochechi Yerushalayim,
Halleluyah! Halleluyah!

____________________________________ Psalm 117 ___________________________________


S
1
Hail God, all you nations; Halelu et Adonai kol goyim,
praise God, all you peoples. shabchuhu kol haumim;
2
For Gods kindness has overwhelmed us, ki gavar aleinu chasdo,
and Gods truth, forever. Halleluyah. veemet Adonai leolam. Halleluyah!
Sa
__________________________________ Psalm 118: 1-4__________________________________
The prayer leader recites the verses in black, and the congregation responds with the grey verses
1
God is good, so we give thanks; Hodu lAdonai ki tov;
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
m
God is good, so we give thanks; Hodu lAdonai ki tov;
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
2
Let this be sung by Israels ranks; Yomar nah Yisrael,
pl
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
God is good, so we give thanks; Hodu lAdonai ki tov;
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
e
3
Let Aarons children join the chorus:

Yomru nah veit Aharon:
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
God is good, so we give thanks; Hodu lAdonai ki tov;
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.

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Festival Morning Service 200

4
Revere and praise what God does for us,
Yomru nah yirei Adonai
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.
God is good, so we give thanks; Hodu lAdonai ki tov;
Gods kindness is unlimited. Ki leolam chasdo.

_________________________________ Psalm 118: 5-20 _________________________________


5
Bound in chains, I called on God;
Min hametzar karati Yah
SP
God answered me with liberty. anani vamerchav Yah
6
God is on my side, so I wont worry;
Adonai li lo ira;
what can a person do to me? mah yaaseh li adam?
7
God is on my side, with my friends, Adonai li beozrai,
so I can face my enemies. vaani ereh vsonai.
S
8
Its better to trust God Tov lachasot bAdonai
than rely on people. mibtoach baadam.
9
Its better to trust God Tov lachasot bAdonai
Sa
than rely on princes.
mibtoach bindivim.
10
All the nations surrounded me; Kol goyim svavuni;
in the name of God I cut them down. beshem Adonai ki amilam.
11
They were all around me, hordes of them;
Sabuni gam svavuni;
in the name of God I cut them down. beshem Adonai ki amilam.
m
12
They swarmed like bees;
Sabuni chidvorim;
they are quenched like a fire of thorns;

doachu keesh kotzim;
in the name of God I cut them down. beshem Adonai ki amilam.
pl
13
You pushed and pushed me to make me fall, Dacho dchitani linpol,
but God helped me. vAdonai azarani.
14
e
God is my strength and my song,
Ozi vezimrat Yah,
and this has been my salvation.

vayhi li lishuah.
15
Theres a cry of joy and salvation Kol rina viyshuah
in the tents of the righteous: beoholei tzadikim:
Gods right hand is valiant
Yemin Adonai osah chayil,
16
Gods right hand is lifted up,
yemin Adonai romemah,
Gods right hand is valiant.
yemin Adonai osah chayil.
Prayer | Scripture | Torah |
201 Hallel

17
Im not going to die, but live Lo amut ki echyeh
and tell what God has done. vaasaper maasei Yah;
18
God punished me severely, Yasor yisrani Yah
but didnt give me over to death. velamavet lo netanani.
19
Open the gates of righteousness;
Pitchu li shaarey tzedek,
I will enter and thank God.
avo vam odeh Yah.
20
This is the gate to God; Zeh hashaar lAdonai
SP
the righteous will enter it. tzadikim yavou vo.

_________________________________ Psalm 118: 21-24 ________________________________


21
I thank you for answering me
Odcha ki anitani
and being my salvation. vathi li lishuah.
S
I thank you for answering me
Odcha ki anitani
and being my salvation.
vathi li lishuah.
22
That blockits now the keystone Even maasu habonim
was rejected by the mason. haytah lerosh pinah.
Sa
That blockits now the keystone Even maasu habonim
was rejected by the mason. haytah lerosh pinah.
23
This success has come from God; Meet Adonai haytah zot;
to us, it seems miraculous. hi niflat beeineinu.
m
This success has come from God; Meet Adonai haytah zot;
to us, it seems miraculous. hi niflat beeineinu.
24
This is the day that God has made, Zeh hayom asah Adonai;
pl
a day of joy and happiness! nagilah venismechah vo.
This is the day that God has made, Zeh hayom asah Adonai;
a day of joy and happiness! nagilah venismechah vo.
e

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Festival Morning Service 202

__________________________________ Psalm 118: 25 __________________________________


The prayer leader recites the verses in black, and the congregation responds with the grey verses.
25
Please, God, save us;
Ana Adonai hoshiah na;
Please, God, save us;
Ana Adonai hoshiah na;
Please, God, save us.
Ana Adonai hoshiah na.
Please, God, save us.
Ana Adonai hoshiah na.
Please, God, grant us success; Ana Adonai hatzlichah na;
SP
Please, God, grant us success; Ana Adonai hatzlichah na;
Please, God, grant us success; Ana Adonai hatzlichah na.
Please, God, grant us success. Ana Adonai hatzlichah na.

_________________________________ Psalm 118: 26-29_________________________________


26
Welcome,1 in Gods name; Baruch haba beshem Adonay;
S
we bless you from Gods temple. berachnuchem mibeit Adonay.
Welcome, in Gods name; Baruch haba beshem Adonay;
we bless you from Gods temple. berachnuchem mibeit Adonay.
Sa
27
God is the ruler who shines light upon us; El Adonay vayaer lanu;
2
bind the festive sacrifice with ropes isru chag baavotim
to the horns of the altar. ad karnot hamizbeach.
God is the ruler who shines light upon us; El Adonay vayaer lanu;
m
bind the festive sacrifice with ropes isru chag baavotim
to the horns of the altar. ad karnot hamizbeach.
28
You are my God and I will thank you,
Eli ata veodekah,
my ruler and I will exalt you.
Elohai arommekah.
pl
You are my God and I will thank you,
Eli ata veodekah,
my ruler and I will exalt you.
Elohai arommekah.
e

1
means welcome today, but literally it means Blessed is the one who comes.
2
It doesnt sound like a festive occasion for the sacrifice, does it?

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


203 Hallel

29
Thank God, for God is good, Hodu lAdonai ki tov,
for Gods kindness lasts forever. ki leolam chasdo.
Thank God, for God is good, Hodu lAdonai ki tov,
for Gods kindness lasts forever. ki leolam chasdo.

__________________________________ Final Blessing __________________________________


To finish Hallel, we say this blessing silently; the leader concludes it aloud.
Let all your works praise you, ruling God, Yehalelucha Adonai Eloheinu
SP
with your devoted ones, - kol maasecha, vachasidecha,
the righteous people who do your will; tzadikim, osei retzonecha,
and let all your people, the house of Israel, - vechol amcha beit Yisrael
joyfully thank and bless, berinah yodu vivarchu
S
praise and glorify,
vishabchu vifaaru
exalt and revere, viromemu veyaaritzu
sanctify and empower veyakdishu veyamlichu
your name, O our ruler, - et shimcha malkenu,
Sa
for it is good to thank you ki lecha tov lehodot,
and fitting to sing to your name, uleshimcha naeh lezamer,
because forever and ever ki meolam ad olam
you are God. atah El.

m
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai,
sovereign hailed with praises. melech mehulal batishbachot. Amen

The leader leads Full Kaddish, page 369.


pl
Continue with the Torah service,
page 206 on holy days and on Hoshanah Rabbah, page 228 on intermediate days.
e

Congregations response | shade Added sometimes | wBend knees, bow head | vBow head |uStand | xSit | Leader starts here
e
pl
m
Sa
S
SP


Torah Service for Festival Holy Days
SP
Tor ah Ser vice for Festival Holy D ay s

For festival intermediate days (except Hoshanah Rabbah), the Torah service is on page 228.
S
Jewish scripture is public and available for all to read and study. We read our entire Torah aloud, for all the
congregation to hear. This takes a one-year cycle in some communities, a three-year cycle in others. On festival
holy days and intermediate days, our Torah readings are relevant to the festival. After reading from the Torah,
we hold up the scroll and declare that this is the scripture Moses brought us.
The scroll is written without vowels, punctuation or cantillation marks (that indicate melody), so chanting
Sa
from the scroll takes careful preparation. However, nothing is secret: we honor members of the congregation by
inviting them to observe the reading.
The Torah service begins and ends with a procession, and with two contiguous verses from Torah (Numbers
10:35-36) that summarize the way in which the Israelites traveled through the wilderness. Our Torah service
takes us back to that time when we had most reason to trust Godfor our miraculous rescue from slavery, for
supplying our daily needs with manna and water. Could anyone seek more convincing proof that God keeps
m
Gods promise and is our reliable savior? Lets recover those days symbolically as we study our Torah!
The service has many quotations from psalms and other sources, with pageantry and song as we bring the
beautifully decorated scroll through the congregation.
We stand from the time the ark is opened until the scroll is placed on its reading desk. When the ark is
pl
opened, some raise their little finger or tallit, then kiss it. As the scroll comes through the congregation, some
touch its cover with hand or tallit or siddur, then kiss it. These are ways to show devotion to the book that
guides our way of life.
As we remove the scroll from the ark, we bow to the empty cabinet to glorify God, and thus we make it clear
e
that the Torah is not God, that God is incorporeal, that we have no visible object of worship.
In addition to reading from the Torah, we read a section from the Prophets. Two reasons are given for this
custom, one related to history, the other to theology. At a time when Jews were forbidden to read Torah, we read
from the Prophets instead; at a time when some sects would limit our scripture to the Torah only, we decided to
read from the Prophets just to show they were wrong.
While the Torah is out of the ark, we take the opportunity to offer prayers for the government, the New
Moon, those in need of healing, and more.
Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 206

Taking out the Scroll Hotzaat Sefer HaTorah


The leader and congregation sing together.1
Ps. 86:8
O God, there is no god like you, Ein kamocha vaelohim Adonai

And none can do what you do. veein kemaasecha.
Ps. 145:13
Your rule guides every distant space,
Malchutcha malchut kol olamim,
Your government guides every age. umemshaltecha bechol dor vador.
Ps 10:16 Ps 93:1
God reigns; our God has ever reigned; Adonai melech, Adonai malach,
SP
Ex. 15:18 2
Gods reign eternal will not cease. Adonai yimloch leolam vaed.
Ps 29:11
God chose us and will give us strength; Adonai oz leamo yiten;
3
Gods people will be blessed in peace Adonai yevarech et amo vashalom.

God, who are compassions store,4 Av harachamim


S
Ps. 51:20
With your favor Zion mend,

heitivah virtzoncha et Tziyon.
Jerusalems ruined walls restore: Tivneh chomot Yerushalayim.
For on you only we depend, Ki vecha levad batachnu,
Sa
Sovereign God, exalted high, Melech El, ram venisah:
ruler of worlds. Adon olamim.

We rise as the ark is opened; the leader sings:
u uVayehi binsoah haaron,
Num 10:35
And when the Ark moved out,

Moses would say: vayomer Moshe:
m
God, rise and scatter your enemies,
Kuma Adonai, veyafutzu oyvecha,
and those who hate you will run from you. veyanusu mesanecha mipanecha.
pl
1
Practice varies from one congregation to another. When I was growing up, the chazan sang the first four lines
e
(from psalms 86 and 145) while the congregation waited to join in the restexcept for one man with a very
loud voice, who drowned out the chazan. It bothered me at the time, but now I see this was one persons way of
praising God, and I was fortunate to witness it. Many congregations stand for this part, even though the ark isnt
opened until the next page.
2
God reigns; God has reigned; God will reign forever and ever.
3
Psalm 29:11.
4
Compassions store is literally, Father (or parent) of mercy (or mercies). God is the source of compassion
or mercy; the kindnesses which we experience in this world are (perhaps) sparks of divine goodness.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


207 Taking out the Scroll Hotzaat Sefer HaTorah

We sing together:
Isaiah 2:3
For Torah will spread from Zion,
Ki miTziyon tetzeh Torah
Gods word from Jerusalem. udvar Adonai mirushalaim.
Blessed is the one who gave the Torah Baruch shenatan Torah
to Israels people, in holiness. leamo Yisrael bikdushato.
Sing together, three times:
Ex 34:6-7
God, God, Adonai, Adonai,
SP
is a God both merciful and gracious, El rachum vechanun
patient, and great in kindness and truth,
erech apayim, verav chesed veemet
ensuring mercy for thousands of generations,
notzer chesed laalafim
tolerating sin, transgression and wrong,
noseh avon vafesha vechataah
and cleansing people of their guilt venakeh.
S
Sing together, three times:
Ps. 69:14
God, may my prayer to you
Vaani tefilati lecha Adonai
arrive at a welcome time; et ratzon;
Sovereign, in kindness plentiful,
Elohim berov chasdecha,
Sa
1
answer me with salvation sure. aneni beemet yishecha.

____________________________ Berich Shemei ____________________________


Many congregations add this section, from the Zohar commentary on Vayakhel, silently.
Blessed be the reputation Berich shemei
m
of the worlds ruler, demarei almah,
blessed be your crown and your place.
berich kitrach veatrach.
May your goodwill be Yehei reutach
pl
with your people Israel forever; im amach Yisrael lealam,
the salvation of your right hand ufurkan yeminach
reveal to your people achazei leamach
e
in your holy Temple, beveit mikdeshach,
to give us benefit uleamtoyei lanah
from the goodness of your light mituv nehorach,

1
The Hebrew is rather elliptical; lit., And as for me, my prayer to you, Sovereign, may it be at an acceptable
time; Sovereign, in the abundance of your kindness, answer me in the truth of your salvation.

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 208

and to accept our prayers with mercy. ulekabel tzelotanah berachamin.


May your will be Yehei raavah kodamach
to grant us a life of goodness
ditorich lan chayim betivutah
and that I may be appointed velehevei anah pekidah
among the righteous bego tzadikayah
to grant me mercy and protect me lemircham alai ulemintar yati
and all that belongs to me - veyat kol di li
SP
and to your people Israel. vedi leamach Yisrael.
Its God who feeds everything Ant hu zan lecholah
and sustains everything. umefarnes lecholah.
Its God who rules over all. Ant hu shalit al kolah.
Its God who rules over sovereigns, Ant hu dishalit al malchayah,
S
and sovereignty is yours. - umalchutah di lach hi.
I am a servant Anah avdah
of the holy one, who is blessed, dikudshah berich hu,
Sa
before whom I bow down disageidnah kamei
and before whose dear Torah I bow umikamah dikar Oraytei
at all times. bechol idan veidan.
I do not place my trust in people, Lah al enash rachetznah,
nor on angels velah al bar elahin
m
do I rely, samechnah,
but on the God of heaven, elah beElahah dishmayah,
who is the real God, dehu Elahah keshot,
pl
whose Torah is true veOraitei keshot,
whose prophets are accurate, uneviohi keshot.
and who is generous with acts Umasgei lemebad
e
of goodness and truth. tavvan ukeshot.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


209 Taking out the Scroll Hotzaat Sefer HaTorah

God is the one I trust, Bei anah rachetz


and to whose holy and precious velishmei kadishah yakirah
name I voice praises. anah emar tushbechan.
God, wont you Yehei raavah kodamach
open my heart to your Torah, detiftach libai beOraitah,
and fulfill my innermost longings, vetashlim mishalin delibai,
and those of all Israel, - veliba dechol amach Yisrael
SP
for good, for life and for peace. Amen. letav, ulechayin velishlam. Amen.

________________________________ Removing the Scroll _______________________________


The Torah scroll is taken from the ark and handed to the leader.
Leader, then congregation:
Deut. 6:4
Listen, descendants of Israel: Shema, Yisrael:
S
The Ruler is our God; the Ruler is one. 1


Adonai Eloheinu; Adonai echad.
Leader, then congregation; add the shaded word on Hoshanah Rabbah.
One is our God, great is our ruler: Echad Eloheinu, gadol Adoneinu:
holy and awesome is Gods name. kadosh venorah shemo.
Sa
The prayer leader turns to face the ark, bows and raises the Torah.
Ps 34:4
Glorify God with me, Gadlu lAdonai iti,
and let us exalt2 Gods name together.
unerommah shemo yachdav.
m
pl
e
1
The of and of are large letters. Together, they form the Hebrew word , witness; with this
declaration of Gods unity, we Jews bear witness to our faith. Another reason for the large letters is to avoid
misreading ( perhaps) for and ( another) for , which would replace our confident faith with
agnostic uncertainty! Some say the large letters express hope for Gods universal acceptance in the four ()
corners of the earth and among the seventy ( )nations of the world (Genesis chapter X lists Noahs seventy
grandsons, so were all descendants of Gen X-ers).
2
The Hebrew word from the root means make high and so does exalt.

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 210

The Torah is marched through the congregation.1


I Chron. 29:11
Yours, God, are the greatness, Lecha Adonai hagdulah
the strength, the splendor,
vehagvurah vehatiferet
the victory and the majesty vehanetzach vehahod,
everything in heaven and earth. ki chol bashamayim uvaaretz.
Its for you, God, to govern Lecha Adonai hamamlachah
and to be raised above all as the head. vehamitnaseh lechol lerosh.
SP
Ps. 99:5
Exalt God, our ruler,
Rommu Adonai Eloheinu,
and bow at Gods footstool;
vehishtachavu lahadom raglav,
God is holy. kadosh hu.
Ps. 99:9
Exalt God, our ruler,
Rommu Adonai Eloheinu
and bow at Gods holy mountain, vehishtachavu lehar kodsho,
S
because God, our ruler, is holy. ki kadosh Adonai Eloheinu.
As the Torah scroll is taken to the bimah, the congregation says this short prayer:
May the source of mercy Av harachamim,
Sa
take pity on our people (Gods burden),
hu yerachem am amusim,
recall the contract with our mighty ancestors,
veyizkor berit eitanim,
save our souls veyatzil nafshoteinu
from the bad times, min hashaot haraot,
drive out the bad impulse veyigar beyetzer hara
m
from those who are sustained by God,
min hansuim,
graciously let us survive forever, veyachon otanu lifleitat olamim,
and fulfill our longings viymaleh mishaloteinu
pl
with goodness, salvation and mercy. bemidah tovah yeshua verachamim.
e
1
The Torah is always marched to the north when taken out, and to the south when returned. It is appropriate to
move to the front of the congregation to touch the Torah mantle with tzitziyot or a siddur, which we then kiss to
show our affection for the pre-eminent symbol of our faith. We are seated when the Torah is placed on the table.
The general rule is that we stand while the Torah is raised and bow as it passes before us.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


211 Taking out the Scroll Hotzaat Sefer HaTorah

The Torah scroll is placed on the Shulchan (reading desk), and we are seated.
A gabbai (one who supervises the reading) or the Torah reader
recites the next passage and names the first person called to the Torah.1
May God help, protect and save Veyaazor, veyagen veyoshia
all who seek shelter in God, lechol hachosim bo.
and lets all say, Amen! Venomar, Amen. Amen
Everyone, give greatness to our God Hakol havu godel lEloheinu
SP
and glory to the Torah. utenu chavod laTorah.
Kohen, come close. Stand up Kohen kerav: yaamod
So-and-so, child of So-and-so 2
Ploni ben bat Ploni
the kohen. Hakohen.

Blessed is God, who gave the Torah Baruch shenatan Torah


S
to Israels people, in holiness. leamo Yisrael bikdushato.

Congregation, then gabbai (or Torah reader):
Deut 4:4
And you who hold fast Veatem hadvekim
Sa
to God, your Ruler,
bAdonai Eloheichem,
all of you are alive today. chayim kulchem hayom.
m
pl
e
1
We call several adults for an aliyah, the honor of observing the reading : seven people on Shabbat morning,
six on Yom Kippur, five on Rosh Hashanah, four on Rosh Chodesh and festivals, and three for afternoon Torah
readings. Traditionally, we call a Kohen (one of the priestly family descended from Aaron), a Levi (Levites
were ministers in the Temple), and the rest from other tribes. We may add extras (hosafot) and conclude with
acharon, a final honoree; a Kohen or Levi may be given the acharon honor. The last aliyah is maftir, for
the person who reads the Haftarah. We call people by their Hebrew namesso-and-so son/daughter of so-and-
so.
2
/Ploni ben Ploni means so-and-so, child of so-and-so; you insert the honorees Hebrew name.

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 212

Torah Blessings Birchot HaTorah


Each honoree recites the call to prayer1; we respond, and the honoree repeats our response.
Bless God, the blessed one. u v yBarchu uet Adonai hamvorach.
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
Blessed is God, the blessed one, u v yBaruch uAdonai hamvorach
for ever and ever. leolam vaed.
SP
The honoree continues:
We bless you, God; Baruch ata Adonai
You rule for endless days. Eloheinu melech haolam,
You chose us from all other folk, - asher bachar banu mikol haamim
And showed us Torah ways.2 - venatan lanu et Torato.
S
Blessed are you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who gives the Torah. noten haTorah. Amen

Sa
After the Torah portion is read, the honoree concludes with this blessing:
We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai
Your rule does time transcend; Eloheinu, melech haolam,
Your Torah true you gave us, asher natan lanu Torat emet
3
Planted life that has no end. vechayei olam nata betocheinu.
m
Blessed are you, God, Baruch ata Adonai,
Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who gives the Torah. noten haTorah. Amen
pl
e
1
Some say the honoree should hold the Torah scroll handles (atzei chayim); some advise that the honoree
should keep the Torah unrolled so the reader wont have to look for the place, but the honoree should look away
from the scroll so as not to imply that the words of the Call to Prayer are written in the scroll; some touch the
beginning of the passage to be read with a tallit, then kiss the tallit; some touch the outside of the scroll instead,
so as not to rub the writing, risking damage to the scroll.
2
We bless you, God, our God, ruler of time/world/eternity, who chose us from all other peoples and gave us
the Torah.
3
Who gave us the Torah of truth and planted eternal life in our midst.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


213 Torah Blessings Birchot HaTorah

_______________ Blessings for Torah Honorees Mi Sheberach _______________


Blessings may be added for those called to the Torahfor one who has recovered from a serious illness or
returned from a risky journey; for naming a baby; for the general well-being of one called to the Torah, for one
who is sick, and so on. This format is for Torah honorees:
May God who blessed our fathers Mi sheberach avoteinu
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Avraham, Yitzchak, veYaakov
SP
Bless hu yevarech et
So-and-so, child of So-and-so 1
Ploni ben/bat Ploni
/
The blessing for Torah honorees continues; use the shaded words for women.
The formula for those honored with Hagbahah and Gelilah is on page 215.
who came up for an aliyah today shealah shealtah hayom
S
to honor Gods presence, the Torah lichvod haMakom velichvod haTorah
and this festival foot-journey. velichvod haregel.
Sa
May the Holy One (whom we bless) Hakadosh baruch hu
protect him her yishmerehu yishmereha
and save him her veyatzilehu veyatzileha
from all trouble and sorrow, mikol tzarah vetzukah
affliction and sickness, umikol negah umachalah,
m
and send blessing and success veyishlach berachah vehatzlachah
to all his her work, bechol maasei yadav yadeha,
Let him her merit the festival foot-journey veyizkeh vetizkeh laalot leregel
pl
with all his her fellow Jews, Im kol Yisrael echav acheha
and lets say, Amen. venomar, Amen. Amen
e

1
/Ploni ben Ploni means so-and-so, child of so-and-so; you insert the honorees Hebrew name.

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 214

________________________________ Prayer for Healing ________________________________


Some congregations include a prayer for healing.
May God who blessed our fathers Mi sheberach avoteinu
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Avraham, Yitzchak, veYaakov

bless and heal hu yevarech virapeh


SP
those in need of healing et hacholim

We pause for the names of people in need of healing.
May the holy, blessed one Hakadosh baruch hu
be altogether merciful to them, yemaleh rachamim aleihem,
granting them strength and health, lehachazikam ulerapotam,
S
and quickly bestow upon them veyishlach lahem meherah
a complete recovery, refuah shelemah
a blessing from above, min hashamayim,
healing the spirit refuat hanefesh
Sa
and healing the body, urefuat haguf
with all the sick in our community.1 betoch shear cholei Yisrael
now, to arrive soon hashta baagalah
and quickly. uvizman kariv,
m
And let us say, Amen. : venomar: Amen. Amen
pl
e

1
Among the rest of the sick people of the community of Israel.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


215 Torah Blessings Birchot HaTorah

__________________ Thanks after Peril Birkat HaGomel _________________


We bless you, God, Baruch ata Adonai
Blessed be God, blessed be Gods name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
our God, ruler of the universe, Eloheinu Melech haolam,
who grants goodness to the undeserving hagomel lechayavim tovot,
and granted me every goodness. shegemalani kol tov. Amen
-
The congregation responds to the blessing:
SP
For men.
May God, who granted you every goodness, - Mi shegmalcha kol tov,
continue to grant you every goodness. Selah. - hu yigmolcha kol tov. Selah.
For women.
May God, who granted you every goodness, - Mi shegmalech kol tov,
S
continue to grant you every goodness. Selah. - hu yigmalech kol tov. Selah.

After reading Torah, the gabbai, Torah reader or prayer leader recites Half Kaddish, page 368; we respond.

________________________ Raising the Scroll Hagbah ________________________


Sa
When the Torah reading is finished, two people are called to the bimah..
One will raise the scroll for all to see, the other will wrap the scroll in its coverings.
Some congregations bless them with this formula.
May God who blessed our fathers Mi sheberach avoteinu
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Avraham, Yitzchak, veYaakov
m
Bless hu yevarech et
____ child of _____, _____ _____ _____ ben bat _____,
who will come up baavur sheyaaleh shetaaleh
pl
to raise the Torah, and lehagbahat haTorah veet
____ child of _____, _____ _____ _____ ben bat _____,
who will come up baavur sheyaaleh shetaaleh
e
to wrap the Torah. liglilat haTorah

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 216

As a result, Bischar zeh


may the Holy One (whom we bless) Hakadosh baruch hu
protect and save them yishmerem veyatzilem
from all trouble and sorrow, mikol tzarah vetzukah
affliction and sickness, umikol negah umachalah,
and send blessing and success veyishlach berachah vehatzlachah
to all their work, bechol maasei yedeihem,
SP
with all their fellow Jews, Im kol Yisrael acheihem
and lets say, Amen. venomar, Amen. Amen

When the scroll is raised, the congregation sings:
Deut. 4:44
This is the Torah Moses set

Vezot haTorah asher sam Moshe
before the children of Israel. lifnei bnei Yisrael.
S
Num 9:23
God spoke it: Moses wrote it down.1

Al pi Adonai: beyad Moshe.

On Hoshanah Rabbah, skip to Returning the Torah, page 224.


Once the Torah scroll is dressed and at rest, the congregation is seated x and we continue with the haftarah.
Sa
____________________________ Blessing Before the Haftarah2 ___________________________
This blessing introduces the haftarah
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai
our God, ruler of the universe, Eloheinu melech haolam,
m
who chose asher bachar
good prophets, binviim tovim
and accepted their words, veratzah vedivreihem
pl
which were spoken in truth. haneemarim beemet.
e
1
Tradition holds that God dictated the Torah and Moses wrote the entire five books by hand; the end of it, the
part about his death, with his tears (BT Menachot 30a). However, in its original context, the phrase Moses
wrote it down really means, Moses saw Gods orders carried out; it refers not to the writing of the Torah, but
to the peoples travels in the wilderness: God gave the order to move on or rest; Moses saw that it was carried
out.
2
The Haftarah is a reading from the Prophets; its origin is uncertain, but many agree that it was added at a time
when the civil authorities forbade the reading of the Torah. The Hebrew word has connotations of both
start and stop!

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


217 Torah Blessings Birchot HaTorah

We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai


Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who chooses Torah, habocher baTorah
your servant Moses, uveMoshe avdo
and your people Israel, uveYisrael amo
and prophets of truth and justice. uvinviei haemet vatzedek. Amen

____________________________ Blessings after the Haftarah ____________________________


SP
1. Confidence of Gods Promise
We bless you, God, Baruch atah Adonai
our God who rules forever, Eloheinu melech haolam,
rock of all worlds, - tzur kol haolamim
S
righteous in every age, - tzadik bechol hadorot
the faithful God, haEl haneeman,
who says and who does, haomer veoseh
who speaks and fulfills, hamdaber umkayem
Sa
whose every word is true and just. - shekol devarav emet vatzedek.
Faithful are you, Neeman atah hu
ruling God, Adonai Eloheinu
and faithful are your words; veneemanim devarecha
m
and no single word of yours vedavar echad midvarecha
will come back unfulfilled 1 achor lo yashuv reikam
for you are the ruling God, ki El melech
pl
faithful and merciful: neeman verachaman atah:
blessed are you, God, baruch atah Adonai
Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
e
the God who is faithful in every word. - haElhaneemanbecholdevarav.Amen

1
And not one word of your words will come back empty.

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Torah Service for Festival Holy Days 218

_____________________________________________ 2. Zion _____________________________________________


Take pity on Zion Rachem al Tziyon
for that is the foundation of our life; ki hi beit chayeinu
1
and for the humiliated spirit velaaluvat nefesh
bring salvation quickly, in our days. toshia bimherah veyameinu.
We bless you, ruler Baruch atah Adonai
Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
SP
who makes Zion happy with her children. mesameach Tziyon bevaneha. Amen
_______________________________________ 3. The Messianic Era _______________________________________
Make us happy, ruling God, Samchenu Adonai Eloheinu
through Elijah the prophet, your servant, BeEliyahu Hanavi avdecha
and with the rule of Davids line, uvemalchut beit David
S
your anointed king2 meshichecha
let it come soon and delight our hearts. bimherah yavoh veyagel libeinu
May no stranger sit on his throne, - - al kiso lo yeshev zar
Sa
and let no others inherit his glory. - velo yinchalu od acherim et kevodo
For in your holy name you promised him ki veshem kodshecha nishbata lo
that his light would not be snuffed out shelo yichbeh nero
forever and ever. leolam vaed.
Blessed are you, God, Baruch atah Adonai
m
Blessed be God, blessed be God's name! Baruch hu uvaruch shemo
who protects David. magen David. Amen
pl
e
1
The humiliated spirit is Zion and by extension the Jewish people, humiliated time and again by the blows of
history; yet this also gives voice to the personal anguish of those of us who face trouble and sorrow in our daily
lives.
2
By Jewish tradition, Elijah will herald the approach of the Messiah, and the Messiah will be descended from
Davids royal line.

Prayer | Scripture | Torah |


219 Torah Blessings Birchot HaTorah

____________________________________________ 4. Thanks ____________________________________________


For the Torah, and the service, - - Al haTorah, veal haavodah,
and the prophets
veal hanviim
Add the appropriate lines below:
and for this day, - veal yom
the Matzah festival chag hamatzot hazeh
the Feast of Weeks chag hashavuot hazeh
SP
the Sukkot festival chag hasukot hazeh,
the eighth day of assembly hashmini chag haatzeret hazeh

that you gave us, sovereign God, - shenatata lanu, Adonai Eloheinu,
joy and happiness lesason ulesimcha,
S
for glory and splendor lechavod uletifaret.