Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 41

1511/2

ATS

Science

2009

FORM 4

Paper 2

1511/2 ATS Science 2009 FORM 4 Paper 2 JABATAN PELAJARAN PERAK ANSWER TO SCORE SIJIL PELAJARAN

JABATAN PELAJARAN PERAK

ANSWER TO SCORE

SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2009

1511/2 ATS Science 2009 FORM 4 Paper 2 JABATAN PELAJARAN PERAK ANSWER TO SCORE SIJIL PELAJARAN

SCIENCE

FORM 4

Paper 2

1511/2 ATS Science 2009 FORM 4 Paper 2 JABATAN PELAJARAN PERAK ANSWER TO SCORE SIJIL PELAJARAN

CHAPTER 2 : BODY COORDINATION

2003

SECTION B

  • 1 Figure 5 shows an impulse pathway when a student accidentally touches a hot pot.

Rajah 5 menunjukkan suatu lintasan impuls apabila seorang pelajar tersentuh periuk panas.

CHAPTER 2 : BODY COORDINATION 2003 SECTION B 1 Figure 5 shows an impulse pathway when

FIGURE 1

  • (a) Name P, Q and R in the boxes provided in figure 1. Namakan P, Q dan R dalam kotak yang disediakan pada Rajah 5

[3 marks]

  • (b) What happens to R when the student accidentally touches the hot pot? Apakah yang berlaku pada bahagian R apabila pelajar ini tersentuh periuk panas?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark]

  • (c) What type of action is involved in (b)?

(i)

 

Apakah jenis tindakan yang terlibat di (b)?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

Which part of the nervous system controls the action in (c)(i)?

Bahagian manakah pada sistem saraf yang mengawal tindakan di (c)(i)?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. [2 mark]

2

2004

SECTION C

3

  • (a) State four differences between voluntary action and involuntary action. Nyatakan empat perbezaan antara tindakan terkawal dan tindakan luar kawal.

[4 marks]

  • (b) Figure 10 shows several activities conducted by a student. Rajah 10 menunjukkan beberapa aktiviti yang dijalankan oleh seorang murid.

Conducting an Writing Experiment menulis Menjalankan eksperimen Action Tindakan Discussing Reading berbincang membaca
Conducting an
Writing
Experiment
menulis
Menjalankan
eksperimen
Action
Tindakan
Discussing
Reading
berbincang
membaca

Figure 10

Rajah 10

Study the above activities. Explain how you would develop a concept based on the information in Figure 10.

Kaji tindakan di atas.Terangkan bagaimana anda boleh membina konsep berdasarkan maklumat yang diberi dalam Rajah 10.

Your explanation of the concept should include the following :

Terangkan bagaimana anda membina suatu konsep berdasarkan maklumat dalam Rajah 10.

Identify two common characteristics

Kenal pasti dua ciri sepunya

Develop initial concept

Membina konsep awal

Give other examples and non-examples in relation to the concept

memberikan contoh lain dan bukan contoh yang berkaitan dengan konsep

Explain the actual concept

Jelaskan konsep sebenar

3

[6 marks]

2005

SECTION B

  • 5 Figure 5.1 shows the endocrine system of a man. Rajah 5.1 menunjukan sistem endokrin seorang lelaki.

2005 SECTION B 5 Figure 5.1 shows the endocrine system of a man. Rajah 5.1 menunjukan
  • (a) Name gland R.

(i)

Namakan kelenjar R

FIGURE 5.1

(ii)

…………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

..

[1 mark]

What will happen to the man if gland R secretes less hormone?

Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada lelaki tersebut jika R merembeskan kurang hormon?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (b) Name gland S.

(i)

Namakan kelenjar S.

[1 mark]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

State one function of the hormone secreted by gland S.

[1 mark]

Nyakatakan satu fungsi hormone yang dirembeskan oleh kelenjar S.

………………………………………………………………………………… ............................................

4

[1 mark]

  • (c) Figure 5.2 shows individual X who has an abnormal height as compared to individual Y who is normal. Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan individu X yang mempunyai ketinggian yang luar biasa berbanding individu yang normal.

(c) Figure 5.2 shows individual X who has an abnormal height as compared to individual Y

FIGURE 5.2

  • (i) Based on the endocrine system, what causes the abnormal height in individual X? Berdasarkan system endokrin ,apakah yang menyebabkan individu X mempunyai ketinggian yang luar biasa? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

Name the endocrine gland involved in (c)(i).

Namakan kelenjar endokrin yang terlibat dalam (c)(i).

[1 mark]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2006

SECTION B

  • 5 Diagram 5.1 shows a student kicking a ball.

[1 mark]

Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan seorang pelajar sedang menendang bola.

(c) Figure 5.2 shows individual X who has an abnormal height as compared to individual Y

DIAGRAM 5.1

5

(a)

State the type of action in Diagram 5.1.

Nyatakan jenis tindakan dalam Rajah 5.1.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(b)

  • (i) Between X, Y and Z which one controls the student's action? Circle your answer in Diagram 5.2.

[ 1 mark ]

Antara X,Y dan Z yang manakah mengawal tindakan pelajar itu?

[ 1

Bulatkan jawapan anda dalam Rajah 5.2. DIAGRAM 5.2
Bulatkan jawapan anda dalam Rajah 5.2.
DIAGRAM 5.2

(ii)

Name the part which you have circled in 5(b)(i).

Namakan bahagian yang anda bulatkan dalam 5(b)(i).

mark ]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[ 1 mark ]

(c)

The impulse pathways for the student's action while kicking the ball is shown in Diagram 5.3.

Lintasan impuls bagi tindakan pelajar itu ketika menendang bola ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 5.3.

Neurone P Eye (i) Name neurone P.
Neurone P
Eye
(i)
Name neurone P.
Brain
Brain

DIAGRAM 5.3

Namakan neuron P.

Neurone Q

(a) State the type of action in Diagram 5.1. Nyatakan jenis tindakan dalam Rajah 5.1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Effector R
Effector R

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

What is effector R?

Apakah efektor R?

[ 1 mark ]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(d)

What will happen to the student if neurone Q is injured?

[ 1 mark ]

Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada pelajar itu sekiranya neuron Q mengalami kecederaan?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2008

SECTION B

6

[ 1 mark ]

5

Diagram 5 shows a stretch receptor in human muscle.

Rajah 5 menunjukkan reseptor regang pada otot manusia.

Diagram 5 (a) Name structure P in the box provided in Diagram 5. Namakan struktur P
Diagram
5
(a)
Name structure P in the box provided in Diagram 5.
Namakan struktur P dalam petak yang disediakan di Rajah 5.
[1 mark]
  • (b) State one part of the human body, other than at a muscle, in which a stretch receptor can be found. Nyatakan satu bahagian pada badan manusia, selain daripada di otot, di mana reseptor regang boleh didapati . ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (c) State two functions of a stretch receptor. Nyatakan dua fungsi reseptor regang.

[1 mark]

  • 1. ...........................................................................................................................................................

  • 2. ...........................................................................................................................................................

 

[2 marks]

  • (d) Mark (ü) the activities that involved a stretch receptor.

Tandakan (ü) bagi aktiviti yang melibatkan reseptor regang.

[2 marks] (d) Mark ( ü ) the activities that involved a stretch receptor. Tandakan (
 

[2 marks]

CHAPTER 3 : HEREDITY AND VARIATION

2003

SECTION B

7

  • 2 Figure 6 shows the types of ear lobes that can be inherited by a child from his or her parents. Rajah 6 menunjukkan jenis cuping telinga yang mungkin diwarisi oleh anak daripada ibubapanya.

Free ear lobes
Free
ear
lobes
Child
Child

FIGURE 6

  • (a) Name the types of variation shown in Figure 6. Namakan jenis variasi yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah 6. ………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………

.........

...

[1 mark]

  • (b) Give another example of the same type of variation mentioned in (a). Berikan satu contoh lain bagi jenis variasi yang dinyatakan di (a) ……………………………………………………

.........

………………………………………………………… ...

[1 mark]

  • (c) What factor influences the above variation? Apakah faktor yang mempengaruhi variasi di atas?

……………………………………………………………………

.........

………………………………………… ...

 

[1 mark]

  • (d) Write down each child’s pair of genes in the boxes provided in Figure 6.

Tuliskan setiap pasangan gen anak dalam kotak yang disediakan pada Rajah 6

 

[2 marks]

  • (e) Based on Figure 6, which type of ear lobe is dominant? Berdasarkan Rajah 6, jenis cuping telinga yang manakah bersifat dominan? …………………………………………………

.........

…………………………………………………………… ...

[1 mark]

2005

SECTION A

8

4

The Form 4 Mawar carried out an experiment to study the variation of thumb prints.

There are four groups of thumb prints; curve, loop, whorl and composite.

Figure 4 shows the thumb prints of 25 pupils from the class.

Kelas 4 Mawar menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi cap ibu jari. Terdapat empat kumpulan cap

ibu jari iaitu lengkung,gelung,sepusar dan komposit. Rajah 4 menunjukkan cap ibu jari 25 orang murid

dalam kelas itu.

4 The Form 4 Mawar carried out an experiment to study the variation of thumb prints.

FIGURE 4

  • (a) Based on Figure 4, determine the number of pupils in each group. Complete Table 4. Berdasarkan Rajah 4, tentukan bilangan murid bagi setiap kumpulan. Lengkapkan Jadual 4.

4 The Form 4 Mawar carried out an experiment to study the variation of thumb prints.

TABLE 4

[2 marks]

  • (b) Based on the result in Table 4, draw a bar chart to show the number of pupils against the groups of thumb prints.

9

Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 4, lukiskan carta bar yang menunjukkan bilangan murid

melawan kumpulan cap ibu jari.

Number of pupil 10 8 6 4 2 Group of 0 thumb print Curve Loop Whorl
Number of
pupil
10
8
6
4
2
Group of
0
thumb print
Curve
Loop
Whorl
Composite

[2 marks]

  • (c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b).

Tulis kesimpulan tentang jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

2007

SECTION B

10

6

Diagram 6 shows a process of cell division. Chromosomes at stage Q are not shown.

Rajah 6 menunjukkan suatu proses pembahagian sel. Kromosom pada peringkat Q tidak ditunjukkan.

6 Diagram 6 shows a process of cell division. Chromosomes at stage Q are not shown.
  • (a) (i)

Name the type of process shown in Diagram 6.

Namakan jenis proses yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 6.

11

...........................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

(ii)

State the importance of the process in 6(a)(i).

Nyatakan kepentingan proses di 6(a)(i).

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (b) During stage R, the chromosomes line up on the equator. What happens to the chromosomes

(i)

 

during this stage?

Semasa peringkat R, kromosom terletak pada khatulistiwa. Apakah yang berlaku kepada

kromosom semasa peringkat ini?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii)

What is the effect of the process in 6(b)(i) on the offspring?

Apakah kesan proses di 6(b)(i) ke atas anak?

...........................................................................................................................................................

 

[1 mark]

  • (c) In Diagram 6, draw the chromosomes at stage Q.

Pada Rajah 6, lukis kromosom pada peringkat Q.

[1 mark]

  • (d) How many daughter cells are produced at the end of Division II in Diagram 6? Berapakah bilangan sel anak yang terhasil di akhir Pembahagian II pada Rajah 6? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

CHAPTER 4 : MATTER AND SUBSTANCE

12

2003

SECTION A

  • 1 Figure 1 shows an experiment to study the effect of impurities on the boiling point of distilled water. Rajah 1 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan bendasing ke atas takat didih air suling.

2003 SECTION A 1 Figure 1 shows an experiment to study the effect of impurities on

The results of the experiment are recorded in Table 1.

Keputusan eksperimen direkodkan dalam Jadual 1

2003 SECTION A 1 Figure 1 shows an experiment to study the effect of impurities on
  • (a) Based on the table above experiment, complete Table 1.

Berdasarkan eksperimen di atas, lengkapkan Jadual 1.

[1 mark]

  • (b) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen itu. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (c) State the variables in this experiment.

Nyatakan pemboleh ubah dalam eksperimen itu.

[1 mark]

  • (i) Manipulated variable: ……………………………………………………………………………… ..

(ii)

Pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan

Responding variable: …………………………………………………………………………………

Pemboleh ubah bergerak balas

[2 marks]

  • (d) What is the operational definition of distilled water?

Apakah definisi secara operasi bagi air suling?

13

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

[1 mark]

2004

 

SECTION C

2

  • (a) Iron is an atomic substance whereas sugar is a molecular substance.

Besi adalah bahan atom,manakala gula adalah bahan molekul.

State four differences between iron and sugar, based on the substances’ atomic

and molecular properties.

Nyatakan empat perbezaan antara besi dan gula berdasarkan sifat bahan atom

dengan sifat bahan molekul.

 

[4 marks]

  • (b) A student finds that the sugar she kept in a jar dissolved to form a solution. Seorang pelajar mendapati gula yang disimpan dalam balang telah terlarut membentuk larutan. Explain how to obtain the sugar crystals from the sugar solution.

Terangkan bagaimana pelajar itu boleh mendapatkan semula hablur gula daripada larutan gula itu.

Your explanation should include the following :

Penerangan anda mestilah mengandungi perkara berikut:

Problem statement

Pernyataan masalah

Name of the method used

Nama kaedah yang digunakan

Steps of the method used

Langkah-langkah yang perlu dilakukan dalam kaedah itu

2005

SECTION A

[6 marks]

  • 3 A pupil has conducted a laboratory experiment to determine the boiling point of a solution. The temperature of the solution is recorded every 2 minutes until it boils. Table 3 shows the result of the experiment. Seorang murid telah menjalankan suatu eksperimen makmal untuk menentukan takat didih satu larutan.Suhu larutan itu dicatatkan setiap dua minit sehingga ia mendidih. Jadual 3 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen itu.

Time / minute

0

2

4

6

8

10

Temperature / o C

28

48

68

88

102

102

Table 3

14

  • (a) Based on Table 3, draw a graph of temperature against time. Berdasarkan Jadual 3, lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa.

Temperature / o C 100 80 60 40 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 Time
Temperature / o C
100
80
60
40
20
0
2 4
6
8 10
Time / minute

[3 marks]

  • (b) What is the relationship between the temperature of the solution and time in the first 6 minutes? Apakah hubungan antara suhu larutan dengan masa dalam 6 minit pertama.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

  • (c) Based on the graph in (a), determine the boiling point of the solution. Mark the boiling point of the solution on the graph. Berdasarkan graf di (a), tentukan takat didih larutan itu.Tandakan takat didih larutan itu pada graf. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2006

SECTION A

15

[1 mark]

1.

Diagram 1.1 and Diagram.1.2 show an experiment to study the electrical

conductivity of lead(Il) bromide.

Rajah 1.1 dan Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik Plumbum

(II)bromida.

1. Diagram 1.1 and Diagram.1.2 show an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of lead(Il) bromide.

DIAGRAM 1.1

1. Diagram 1.1 and Diagram.1.2 show an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of lead(Il) bromide.

DIAGRAM 1.2

  • (a) Based on Diagram 1.2, what is your observation on the needle of the ammeter?

(i)

 

Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2 ,apakah pemerhatian anda pada jarum ammeter?.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

[1 mark]

(ii)

What is the reading of the ammeter in Diagram 1.2?

Apakah bacaan ammeter pada Rajah 1.2?.

…………………………….A

[1 mark]

  • (b) State the variables in this experiment.

Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini.

(i)

Manipulated variable:

Pembolehubah dimanipulasi:

16

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii)

Responding variable:

Pembolehubah bergerakbalas:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (c) State one inference for this experiment. Nyatakan satu inferens bagi eksperimen ini.

[2 marks]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (d) Lead (II) bromide is an ionic compound. State the operational definition for an ionic compound. Plumbum(II) bromida adalah sebatian ion. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sebatian ion. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2008

SECTION C

  • 10 Study the following statement: Kaji pernyataan berikut:

[1 mark]

Electrical conductivity of metals and non-metals are different.

Kekonduksian elektrik bagi logam dan bukan logam adalah berbeza.

You are given a copper rod and a glass rod of the same size, one dry cell and a bulb.

Anda dibekalkan dengan rod kuprum dan rod kaca yang sama saiz, satu sel kering dan sebiji mentol.

  • (a) Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statement.

Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

[1 mark]

  • (b) Describe one experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) based on the following criteria:

Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis di 10(a) berdasarkan kriteria berikut:

(i)

Aim of the experiment

Tujuan eksperimen

[1 mark]

(ii)

Identification of variables

Mengenalpasti pembolehubah

[2 marks]

(iii)

List of apparatus and materials

Senarai radas dan bahan

[1 mark]

(iv)

Procedure or method

Prosedur atau kaedah

[4 marks]

(v)

Tabulation of data

Penjadualan data

[1 mark]

CHAPTER 5 : ENERGY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES

17

2003

SECTION A

  • 2. Figure 2(a) and Figure 2(b) show an experiment to compare the reactivity of metals L and M with dilute hydrochloric acid. Rajah 2(a) dan Rajah 2(b) menunjukkan eksperimen untuk membandingkan kecergasan tindak balas logam L dan logam M dengan asid hidroklorik cair.

2003 SECTION A 2. Figure 2(a) and Figure 2(b) show an experiment to compare the reactivity
Y
Y
  • (a) Write down one observation for the above experiment. Tuliskan satu pemerhatian bagi eksperimen di atas

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (b) Write down one inference that can be made from the above observation.

Tuliskan satu inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan pemerhatian di atas.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  • (c) State on controlled variable in this experiment.

[2 marks]

Nyatakan satu pembolehubah yang dimalarkan dalam eksperimen ini.

18

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

The result of the experiment is shown in Figure 3

Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.

[1 mark]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. The result of the experiment is shown in Figure 3 Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam Rajah

(d)

(i)

What is the relationship between the volume of gas and the reaction time in

the first 2 minutes?

 

Apakah hubungan antara isipadu gas dengan masa tindak balas dalam 2 minit pertama

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

(ii)

Predict the volume of gas collected by the seventh minute for metal M.

Ramalkan isipadu gas yang terkumpul pada minit ketujuh bagi logam M.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2004

[2 marks]

SECTION A

19

  • 1 Figure 1 shows an arrangement of the apparatus in an experiment to study the production of electrical energy. Zinc and lead are used in the experiment. Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi suatu eksperimen untuk mengkaji penghasilan tenaga elektrik.Eksperimen ini menggunakan pasangan logam zink dan plumbum.

1 Figure 1 shows an arrangement of the apparatus in an experiment to study the production

Figure 1

The experiment is repeated by using other pairs of metals.

The voltmeter readings are recorded in Table 1.

Eksperimen ini diulang dengan menggunakan pasangan logam lain.

Bacaan voltmeter direkodkan seperti dalam Jadual 1.

Pairs of metals

Voltmeter reading / V

Aluminium and lead

1.5

Lead and lead

0.0

Table 1

  • (a) Write down the voltmeter reading with the appropriate unit for the pair of metals, zinc and lead. Catatkan bacaan voltmeter berserta unitnya untuk pasangan logam zink dan plumbum.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

[1 mark]

  • (b) What can you infer from the deflected voltmeter needle? Apakah yang boleh disimpulkan daripada pesongan jarum voltmeter itu?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  • (c) State the manipulated variable in the experiment.

[1 mark]

Nyatakan pembolehubah dimanipulasi dalam eksperimen itu.

20

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

  • (d) Predict the voltmeter reading when a pair of zinc plates are used Ramalkan bacaan voltmeter sekiranya pasangan kepingan logam zink digunakan ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

[1 mark]

2005

SECTION C

11

There are two types of change in matter, physical change and chemical change.

Terdapat dua jenis perubahan jisim iaitu perubahan fizik dan perubahan kimia.

  • (a) Figure 11.1 shows the burning of magnesium ribbon in air.

Rajah 11.1 menunjukkan pembakaran pita magnesium dalam udara.

[1 mark ] 2005 SECTION C 11 There are two types of change in matter, physical

Figure 11.1

State four reasons why the above reaction is considered to be a chemical change.

Nyatakan empat sebab mengapa tindakbalas di atas merupakan suatu perubahan kimia.

 

[4 marks]

  • (b) Figure 11.2 shows physical changes in three different substance. Rajah 11.2 menunjukkan perubahan fizik yang berlaku ke atas tiga bahan yang berlainan.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark ] (d) Predict the voltmeter reading when a pair of zinc plates are

Figure 11.2

Study the information in Figure 11.2 and construct the concept of physical change.

Kaji maklumat dalam Rajah 11.2 dan bina konsep tentang perubahan fizik.

21

Your answer should be based on the following steps;

Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan langkah-langkah berikut;

Identify the information

Mengenal pasti maklumat

[1 mark]

Identify the common characteristics

Mengenal pasti ciri-ciri sepunya

[2 marks]

Relate the common characteristics to the physical changes in order to construct the initial

concept.

Menghubungkait antara ciri-ciri sepunya dengan perubahan fizik untuk membina konsep

awal.

[1 mark]

Given an example of another physical change and a non physical change

Menyatakan satu contoh lain perubahan fizik dan satu contoh bukan perubahan fizik

 

[1 mark]

State the actual concept of physical change.

Nyatakan konsep sebenar perubahan fizik

[1 mark]

  • 2006 SECTION B

    • 7 Diagram 7 shows the set up of apparatus in an experiment. Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas dalam satu eksperimen.

Your answer should be based on the following steps; Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan langkah-langkah berikut; 

DIAGRAM 7

  • (a) Name the process in Diagram 7. Namakan proses dalam Rajah 7.

……………………………………………………………………………… ..............................................

[1 mark]

(i)

  • (b) Name metal M.

Namakan logam M

………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

[1 mark]

(ii)

What happens to metal M during the process in Diagram 7?

Apakah yang berlaku pada logam M semasa proses dalam Rajah 7?

22

……………………………………………………………………………… ......................................

  • (c) Which metal functions as the cathode? Logam yang manakah yang berfungsi sebagai katod?

[1 mark]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (d) What will happen to the iron key at the end of the experiment?

(i)

 

Apakah yang berlaku pada kunci besi di akhir eksperimen itu?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii)

State one method to get a good result in 7(d)(i).

Nyatakan satu cara untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang baik di 7(d)(i).

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2007

SECTION A

[1 mark]

  • 1 A student has conducted an experiment to study the reaction of magnesium and hydrochloric acid. Hydrogen gas is produced during the reaction. Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindak balas magnesium dan asid hidroklorik. Gas hidrogen dihasilkan semasa tindak balas itu. The volume of gas collected is recorded every 30 seconds. Table 1.1 shows the result of this experiment. Isipadu gas yang dikumpulkan dicatatkan setiap 30 saat. Jadual 1.1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen ini.

……………………………………………………………………………… ...................................... ( c ) Which metal functions as the cathode? Logam yang manakah yang berfungsi
  • (a) Based on Table 1.1, draw a graph of the volume of hydrogen gas against time. Berdasarkan Jadual 1.1, lukis graf isipadu gas hidrogen melawan masa.

23

[3 marks]

(b) Based on the graph in 1(a), state the relationship between the volume of hydrogen gas
  • (b) Based on the graph in 1(a), state the relationship between the volume of hydrogen gas and time in the first 90 seconds. Berdasarkan graf di 1(a), nyatakan hubungan antara isipadu gas hidrogen dan masa dalam 90 saat pertama ...................................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

  • (c) Tick (ü) in the boxes in Table 1.2 the substances which can be used to replace magnesium in this experiment.

Tandakan (ü) dalam petak pada Jadual 1.2 bagi bahan yang boleh menggantikan magnesium dalam

eksperimen ini.

(b) Based on the graph in 1(a), state the relationship between the volume of hydrogen gas

24

2008

SECTION A

  • 1 Diagram 1.1 and Diagram 1.2 show an experiment to study the heat change in chemical reactions at room temperature. Rajah 1.1 dan Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji perubahan haba dalam tindak balas kimia pada suhu bilik.

    • (a) Based on Diagram 1.1, what is your observation about the change in temperature? Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1, apakah pemerhatian anda tentang perubahan suhu?

2008 SECTION A 1 Diagram 1.1 and Diagram 1.2 show an experiment to study the heat

Mark (ü) for your answer in Table 1.

Tandakan (ü) untuk jawapan anda dalam Jadual 1.

Temperature decreases

No change in temperature

Temperature increases

Suhu menurun

Tiada perubahan suhu

Suhu menaik

 

Table 1

[1 mark]

(b) What is the final reading of the thermometer in Diagram 1.2?

Apakah bacaan akhir termometer pada Rajah 1.2?

……………………………………………………………………………………… ....................................................

25

[1 mark]

  • (c) State the variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini.

    • (i) Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan ...........................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

Responding variable

Pembolehubah bergerak balas

[1 mark]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (d) State one hypothesis for this experiment. Nyatakan satu hipotesis untuk eksperimen ini.

[1 mark]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

CHAPTER 6 : NULEAR ENERGY

2003

SECTION B

  • 3 Figure 1 shows radioactive rays in an electric field. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sinar radioaktif dalam medan elektrik.

(c) State the variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini. (i) Constant variable Pembolehubah

Name the radioactive rays P,Q and R in Figure 1.

Namakan sinar radioaktif P, Q dan R pada Rajah 1.

  • (b) Why does ray Q not deflect? Berikan sebab sinar Q tidak terpesong.

[1 mark]

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

[2 marks]

……………………………………….........…………………………………………………………………

26

[1 mark]

  • (c) Which is the slowest ray? Sinar manakah yang bergerak paling perlahan?

........................................................................................................

.................................................

[1 mark]

  • (d) What is the best method to prevent ray Q from being emitted to the environment? Apakah kaedah paling baik untuk menghalang sinar Q daripada terpancar ke persekitaran? .........................................................................................................................................................

2005

SECTION B

[1 mark]

  • 6 Figure 6 shows three radioactive rays, each with different penetration force. Rajah 6 menunjukkan tiga sinaran rakdioaktif yang setiap satunya mempunyai daya penembusan yang berbeza.

K : ……………… ..

………………..

L : ……………… ..

………………..

M : ……………… ..

………………..

Alpha ray Beta ray Gamma ray Figure 6
Alpha ray
Beta ray
Gamma ray
Figure 6
  • (a) On Figure 6, name K, L and M using the following information; Pada Rajah 6, namakan K, L dan M dengan menggunakan maklumat berikut;

Aluminium plate

Lead plate

A sheet of paper

  • (b) State one ray which can penetrate K. Nyatakan satu sinaran yang boleh menembusi K.

[2 marks]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

27

[1 mark]

Radioisotope in Table 6 are important for human beings.

Radiaisotop dalam Jadual 6 adalah penting kepada manusia.

Carbon-14

Cobalt-60

Iodine-131

Uranium-238

 

Table 6

 
  • (c) In Table 6, mark with (ü) the radioisotope used for medical purposes.

(i)

 
 

Dalam Jadual 6,tandakan dengan (ü ) bagi radioisotop yang digunakan dalam bidang perubatan.

 

[2 marks]

 

(ii)

Based on Table 1, which radioisotope is used to determine the age of ancient bones?

 

Write your answer below.

Berdasarkan Jadual 1,radioisotop yang manakah digunakan untuk menentukan usia tulang

purba.

Tuliskan jawapan anda di bawah.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

[1 mark]

2006

SECTION B

6

Diagram 6 shows a nuclear fission process of a radioactive substance.

 

Rajah 6 menunjukkan proses pembelahan nukleus bahan radioaktif.

 
(c) In Table 6, mark with ( ü ) the radioisotope used for medical purposes. (i)

DIAGRAM 6

 
  • (a) Name energy R and ray Q in the boxes provided in Diagram 6.

 

Namakan tenaga R dan sinaran Q dalam kotak yang disediakan dalam Rajah 6.

 

[2 marks]

 
  • (b) State one use of :

 

Nyatakan satu kegunaan bagi:

 

(i)

Energy R:

Tenaga R:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

28

(ii)

Ray Q in medical field:

Sinaran Q dalam perubatan:

……………………………………………………………………………… ................................................

  • (c) State one method to detect the presence of ray Q. Nyatakan satu cara untuk mengesan kehadiran sinaran Q.

[2 marks]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (d) What is the effect on human beings if exposed to ray Q? Apakah kesan kepada manusia jika terdedah kepada sinaran Q?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2007

SECTION B

[1 mark]

  • 5 Diagram 5.1 shows a process that occurs in the nucleus of a radioactive substance. Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan satu proses yang berlaku pada nukleus suatu bahan radioaktif

(ii) Ray Q in medical field: Sinaran Q dalam perubatan: ……………………………………………………………………………… ................................................ (c) State one method
  • (a) What is process X in Diagram 5.1?

(i)

 

Apakah proses X pada Rajah 5.1?

...........................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

(ii)

Name particle Q and particle R in Diagram 5.1.

Namakan zarah Q dan zarah R pada Rajah 5.1.

Particle Q / Zarah Q : …………………………………………………………………………………… .....

[1 mark]

Particle R / Zarah R : ……………………………………………………………………………………… ..

29

[1 mark]

  • (b) Diagram 5.2 shows the flow of the process of generating electrical energy from nuclear energy. Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan aliran proses menjana tenaga elektrik daripada tenaga nuklear.

(b) Diagram 5.2 shows the flow of the process of generating electrical energy from nuclear energy.
  • (i) What is the radioactive element used in reactor Y? Apakah unsur radioaktif yang digunakan di dalam reaktor Y? ...........................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

Name the process which produces heat energy in reactor Y.

[1 mark]

Namakan proses yang menghasilkan tenaga haba di dalam reaktor Y.

...........................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

  • (c) Complete Diagram 5.3 to show the energy changes which take place in Diagram 5.2. Lengkapkan Rajah 5.3 untuk menunjukkan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku pada Rajah 5.2.

(b) Diagram 5.2 shows the flow of the process of generating electrical energy from nuclear energy.

30

2008

SECTION B

  • 6 Diagram 6 shows the use of a radioactive substance in food preservation. Rajah 6 menunjukkan kegunaan bahan radioaktif dalam pengawetan makanan.

2008 SECTION B 6 Diagram 6 shows the use of a radioactive substance in food preservation.

Diagram 6

  • (a) State the function of gamma radiation in this process. Nyatakan fungsi sinaran gama di dalam proses ini.

..................................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

  • (b) State two uses of gamma radiation other than food preservation. Nyatakan dua kegunaan sinaran gama selain daripada pengawetan makanan.

    • 1. ...............................................................................................................................................................

    • 2. ...............................................................................................................................................................

  • (c) Name one material which can stop gamma radiation.

[2 marks]

Namakan satu bahan yang dapat menghalang sinaran gama.

................................................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

  • (d) State two dangerous effects of gamma radiation to human beings. Nyatakan dua kesan berbahaya sinaran gama kepada manusia. ...................................................................................................................................................................

31

[2 marks]

CHAPTER 7 : LIGHT, COLOUR AND SIGHT

2003

SECTION A

  • 3 Figure 4 shows an object P in front of a pin-hole camera. Rajah 4 menunjukkan objek P berada di hadapan sebuah kamera lubang jarum.

CHAPTER 7 : LIGHT, COLOUR AND SIGHT 2003 SECTION A 3 Figure 4 shows an object
  • (a) Draw a ray diagram of the image formed by object P in Figure 4.

Lukiskan rajah sinar pembentukan imej oleh objek P pada Rajah 4

 

[2 marks]

  • (b) Measure and write down the size of the image.

Ukur dan tuliskan saiz imej itu.

……………………………………………………cm.

[1 mark]

  • (c) Predict the characteristics of the image if hole X is enlarged Ramalkan sifat imej jika lubang X dibesarkan. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark] (d) Tick (ü) the object which form an image with the same characteristics as
[1 mark]
(d)
Tick (ü) the object which form an image with the same characteristics as the image
formed in Figure 4.
Tandakan (ü) bagi objek yang mempunyai ciri imej yang sama seperti imej yang terbentuk
dalam Rajah 4.
[1 mark]

32

2004

SECTION B

  • 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of a spectrum. Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji pembentukan spectrum.

M X White light Y Prism
M
X
White light
Y
Prism

White screen

Figure 5.1

  • (a) What happens to the light at M?

(i)

 

Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada cahaya putih di M?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii)

Give a reason for your answer to (a)(i).

Nyatakan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda di (a)(i).

………………………………………………………………………………………… .................................

[1 mark]

  • (b) Fill in the boxes below to show the arrangement of the colours formed in the spectrum from X to Y. Lengkapkan kotak-kotak di bawah untuk menunjukkan susunan warna yang terbentuk dalam spektrum dari X ke Y.

2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of
2004 SECTION B 1 Figure 5.1 shows an arrangement of apparatus to study the formation of

[2 marks]

  • (c) Name a natural phenomenon where a spectrum can be seen. Namakan satu fenomena semulajadi dimana spectrum dapat dilihat. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

33

[1 mark]

(d)

An identical prism is placed at P as shown in Figure 5.2.

Satu prisma yang serupa diletakkan pada kedudukan P seperti dalam Rajah 5.2.

M White light Prism
M
White light
Prism

Figure 5.2

White screen

What can be observed on the white screen?

Apakah yang dapat diperhatikan pada tabir putih?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2005

SECTION C

[1 mark]

10

Study the following statement;

Kaji pernyataan berikut;

 

When white light is shone on a primary coloured filter, a certain coloured light passes

through.

Apabila cahaya putih dipancarkan keatas penapis warna primer, terdapat cahaya warna

tertentu melaluinya.

 

(a)

Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement.

 

Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

[1 mark]

  • (b) Using a red filter, a blue filter, a green filter and other apparatus, describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in (a) based on the following criteria; Dengan menggunakan penapis warna merah,penapis warna biru dan penapis warna hijau dan radas-radas lain,huraikan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hipotesis di (a) berpandukan kriteria berikut;

Aim of the experiment.

Tujuan eksperimen

[1 mark]

Identification of variables.

Mengenalpasti pembolehubah

[2 marks]

List of apparatus.

Senarai radas

[1 mark]

34

 

Procedure.

 

prosedur

[4 marks]

 

Tabulation of data.

 

Penjadualan data

[1 mark]

2006

SECTION A

2.

Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the formation of an image by a concave lens.

 

Rajah 2 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji pembentukan satu imej oleh kanta cekung.

 
 Procedure. prosedur [4 marks ]  Tabulation of data. Penjadualan data [1 mark ] 2006
 

DIAGRAM 2

  • (a) Complete Diagram 2 to show the formation of the image by the concave lens.

 

Lengkapkan rajah 2 untuk menunjukkkan pembentukan imej itu oleh kanta cekung.

[2 marks]

  • (b) Measure and write down the distance of the image.

Ukur dan tuliskan jarak imej itu.

 

………………………………… cm

 

[1 mark]

  • (c) State two characteristics of the image formed in 2(a).

Nyatakan dua ciri imej yang terbentuk di 2(a).

  • 1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

35

[2 marks]

  • 2007 SECTION A

    • 2 Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2 show an experiment to study the characteristics of an image formed by a pin hole camera. Rajah 2.1 dan Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji ciri imej yang dibentuk oleh kamera lubang jarum.

2007 SECTION A 2 Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2 show an experiment to study the characteristics
  • (a) Measure and write down the size of the image formed in Diagram 2.1. Ukur dan tulis saiz imej yang terbentuk pada Rajah 2.1. Size / Saiz : …………………………… cm ..

  • (b) State the hypothesis based on this experiment. Nyatakan hipotesis berdasarkan eksperiznen ini.

[1 mark]

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

  • (c) Predict the size of the image if object P is placed at 10cm from the pin hole camera. Ramalkan saiz imej jika objek P diletakkan pada kedudukan 10cm dari kamera Lubang jarum. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

36

[1 mark]

(d)

Give two characteristics of the image formed in Diagram 2.2.

Berikan dua ciri imej yang terbentuk pada Rajah 2.2.

  • 1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 2008 SECTION A

[2 marks]

  • 2. Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2 show an experiment to measure the focal length of two convex lenses. Rajah 2.1 dan Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengukur jarak fokus bagi dua kanta cembung.

(d) Give two characteristics of the image formed in Diagram 2.2. Berikan dua ciri imej yang
  • (a) Measure and write down the focal length in Diagram 2.2. Ukur dan catatkan jarak fokus pada Rajah 2.2. ………………………cm

  • (b) Observe Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2.

[1 mark]

What is the difference between the focal lengths of the two convex lenses?

Perhatikan Rajah 2.1 dan Rajah 2.2.

Apakah perbezaan antara jarak fokus kedua-dua kanta cembung itu?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

37

[1 mark]

  • (c) State one inference for this experiment. Nyatakan satu inferens bagi eksperimen ini. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • (d) State the variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini.

    • (i) Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan

[1 mark]

...........................................................................................................................................................

(ii)

Manipulated variable

Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan

[1 mark]

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

38

CHAPTER 8 : CHEMICAL IN INDUSTRY

2005

SECTION B

  • 7 Figure 7.1 shows the formation of bronze. Rajah 7.1 menujukkan proses pembuatan gangsa.

CHAPTER 8 : CHEMICAL IN INDUSTRY 2005 SECTION B 7 Figure 7.1 shows the formation of

Figure 7.1

  • (a) On Figure 7.1, name the atoms of metals, X and Y. Pada Rajah 7.1 ,namakan atom logam X dan Y.

 

[2 marks]

 
  • (b) Name process P.

Namakan proses P.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

[1 mark]

  • (c) State one property of bronze.

(i)

 

Nyatakan satu sifat gangsa.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

 

[1 mark]

(ii)

State the effect of the atoms of metal Y in bronze.

Nyatakan kesan kehadiran atom logam Y dalam gangsa.

………………………………………………………………………………

 

[1 mark]

39

Figure 7.2 (d) The medal in Figure 7.2 is made of bronze. Give one property of

Figure 7.2

  • (d) The medal in Figure 7.2 is made of bronze. Give one property of the medal if it is made of metal X only. Pingat pada Rajah 7.2 diperbuat daripada gangsa.Berikan satu sifat pingat itu jika ia diperbuat daripada logam X sahaja. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2006

SECTION C

[1 mark]

10

Study the following statement.

 

Kaji pernyataan berikut.

An alloy and a pure metal have a different corrosive resistance characteristic .

Aloi dan logam tulen mempunyai sifat tahan kakisan yang berbeza.

 

You are given an iron nail, a steel nail and sodium chloride solution.

 

Anda diberikan sebatang paku besi,sebatang paku keluli dan larutan natrium klorida.

  • (a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement.

 

Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

[1 mark]

  • (b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in 1(a) based on the following criteria.

 

Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis anda di 1(a) berpandukan kriteria berikut.

(i)

Aim of the experiment

 

Tujuan eksperimen

[1 mark]

 

(ii)

Indentification of variables

 

Mengenalpasti pembolehubah

[2 marks]

 

(iii)

List of apparatus and materials

 

Senarai radas dan bahan

[1 mark]

 

(iv)

Procedure or method

 

Prosedur atau kaedah

[4 marks]

 

(v)

Tabulation of data

 

Penjadualan data

[1 mark]

40

2007

SECTION C

  • 10 Study the following statement. Kaji pernyataan berikut.

An alloy is harder than its pure metals.

Aloi lebih keras daripada logam tulennya.

  • (a) Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statement. Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk menyiasat pernyataan di atas.

[1 mark]

  • (b) Brass is an alloy containing copper. Using a copper block, brass block, steel ball and other apparatus, describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) based on the following criteria: Loyang ialah aloi yang mengandungi kuprum. Dengan menggunakan blok kuprum, blok loyang, bola keluli dan radas lain, huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis anda di 10(a) berdasarkan kriteria berikut:

(i)

Aim of the experiment.

Tujuan eksperimen

[1 mark]

(ii)

Identification of variables

Pengenalpastian pembolehubah

[2 marks]

(iii)

List of apparatus and materials

Senarai radas dan bahan

[1 mark]

(iv)

Procedure or method

Prosedur atau kaedah

[4 marks]

(v)

Tabulation of data

Penjadualan data

[1 mark]

41