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Sacraments unit 4

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church , the sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted
by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispended to us. The seven sacraments are
ceremonies that point to what is sacred, significant and important for us as Christians and followers of Christ.
They are special occasions for experiencing God's saving presence.

- The seven sacraments include-

Anointing of the sick
Holy orders

Gods Grandeur- Poem

The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil;
It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil
Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod?
Generations have trod, have trod, have trod;
And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil;
And wears mans smudge and shares mans smell: the soil
Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.
And for all this, nature is never spent;
There lives the dearest freshness deep down things;
And though the last lights off the black West went
Oh, morning, at the brown brink eastward, springs
Because the Holy Ghost over the bent
World broods with warm breast and with ah! bright wings.

"Gods Grandeur" starts off with a claim: the earth is full Gods special power, Gods vitality. But the earth is
ultimately temporary. The fire will go from it one day. It will reach a peak, then slowly spread, and then
The speaker states that the natural world is inseparable from God, but at the same time temporary. The speaker
wants to know why dont people don't take better care of the natural world. Why dont they recognize and
respect the power of God that is running through our environment? He says that people have been endlessly
tromping and trudging through the world for so long, and now the surface of the earth is calloused and burnt
over by industry. This unique idea of this poem is extremely relevant in the lives of todays teenagers as
numerous teenagers today are neglecting the environment. Just like how Christ cleanses us humans via his
divine sacraments -Baptism, Reconciliation, Anointing of the sick and Eucharist, we must attempt to cleanse our
sorroundings and respect our natural environment that god has granted us.

Questions and answers

Q1. Via what sacraments are us humans cleansed by Jesus Christ? (Ans- Baptism, Reconciliation, Anointing of
the sick and Eucharist)
Q2, What is the main essential idea of the poem Gods Grandeur? (We humans must take care of our natural
sorroundings and ensure that we do not pollute it)

Review of key terms learnt during the unit
1. -------- the religious rite of sprinkling water onto a person's forehead or of immersion in water, symbolizing
purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church.

2. -------- the faithful are sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit and are strengthened in their Christian life.
3. -------- the faithful obtain absolution for the sins committed against God and neighbor.
4. -------- reflect the last supper when Christ offers his disciples bread and wine in memory of him.
5. -------- form of religious anointing or "unction" to benefit a sick person.
6. -------- Sacrament through which a man is incorporated into the catholic church for the service of Christ.
7. -------- an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged.
8. -------- a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a
prescribed order.
Answer key
1) Baptism
2) Confirmation
3) Reconciliation
4) Eucharist
5) Anointing of the sick
6) Holy orders
7) Matrimony
8) Ritual
Visual Pictures relating to the units

Works Cited
www.shmoop.com (reference for the analysis of the poem Gods Grandeur.

The theme of social justice talks about us humans to identify our traits and passions. Christ tells his followers to
be self understanding. Humans can identify themselves in 5 types of ways which include -
Individualism: Isolation of the self in Western culture. Putting greater emphasis on the individual than on
the community.
Self-esteem: An awareness of ones own worth, which can only be fulfilled by others, and is difficult to
achieve in culture.
Love of self: Our love of self must equal our love for others. Loving your neighbours goes hand in hand with
loving yourself.
Agnosticism: Not knowing if God exists. The preference to remain indifferent.
Atheism: The denial of Gods existence.

The 7 tendencies of individualism include: Jesuss idea of what a societys tendencies should be
1. I am free 1. Jesus wants me to call God Abba/Father
2. I have rights 2. My relationship with Abba/Father is my freedom
3. I am equal 3. The earth is good and is a gift of God
4. Other people are as important perhaps even more important
4. Only reason binds me than myself
5. I am isolated from everything 5. Before Abba/Father, all are equal
6. I am master of the earth
7. I am godless

Spiritual thirst
Some people attempt to fulfill their thirst for happiness by chasing worldly desires such as going to the movies
etc. However , humans can only truly remain happy if they maintain a relationship with the almighty god. Our
human life is based on the trust of the almighty god. Our relationship with Jesus Christ is more important in life
than food, shelter and housing. It is the duty of us humans to maintain our divine relationship with the almighty

Poem relating to the spiritual thirst of humans. Analysis

The road not taken - Robert Frost
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, The poem the road not taken is symbolic of the hard decisions that us
humans have to take in life. Evidently, numerous humans take the
And sorry I could not travel both trodden road and chase materialistic desires in order to gain
And be one traveler, long I stood happiness . However, Christ encourages humans to take the less
And looked down one as far as I could travelled, grassy road encouraging us to gain happiness by
To where it bent in the undergrowth; spirituality.

Then took the other, as just as fair, Questions and Answers

And having perhaps the better claim, Q1. What is the teaching of Christ ? How does Christ encourage us to
Because it was grassy and wanted wear; gain happiness? (Through spirituality and love of god)
Though as for that the passing there Q2. What does the poem The road not taken symbolise? (The dilema us
humans face when taking decisions)
Had worn them really about the same,

And both that morning equally lay

In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.

I shall be telling this with a sigh

Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.

Review of key terms learnt during the unit

1) ----------: Isolation of the self in Western culture. Putting greater emphasis on the individual than on the
2) ----------: An awareness of ones own worth, which can only be fulfilled by others, and is difficult to achieve
in culture.
3) ----------: Not knowing if God exists. The preference to remain indifferent.
4) ----------: The denial of Gods existence.
5) ----------: Understanding your traits and passions.

Answer key
I. Individualism
II. Self Esteem
III. Agnosticism
IV. Atheism
V. Self Understanding

Visual Pictures relating to the units

Works cited

http://onstudynotes.com (for getting notes on unit 4)

Unit 5- Social Justice

Jesus aspires his followers to follow the golden rule Do unto others what you would have them do unto you
(we must treat others in the way we want to be treated by them) . Social Justice does not discriminate people
based on their race, religion, sex or social status , every follower of Christ is equal in the eyes of Justice. Justice
is based on the distribution of goods in society and the equality of all its citizens. It is a virtue that gives each
person his or her due in the distribution of goods. In our present day society, humans are torturing the earth in
horrendous ways. The earth has become a victim of large scale global warming and ozone depletion.
Furthermore, numerous problems such as poverty, hunger and food shortages are rampant. Clearly, social
justice is not imparted when some humans have a better standard of living than others because of their race,
colour, social stature or religion. It is therefore our duty to foster a society that cares for the underprivileged
population and helps it retain its rights that god has granted it.

The 5 principles of social justice

Community and the common good :The human person is both sacred and social. We realize our dignity and
rights in relationship with others
Rights and responsibilities : People have a fundamental right to life, food, shelter, health care,education,
and employment.
Option for the poor : The moral test of a society is how it treats its most vulnerable members. We must
strive to help the under- privileged society.
Dignity of work : People have a right to decent and productive work, fair wages, private property, and
economic initiative.
We are one human family. : Our responsibilities to each other cross national , racial, economic, and
ideological differences.

Poem: Intellectual Pollution Analysis

The shades of gray are nearly infinite- The overwhelming problems of pollution, global warming
mirroring attitudes regarding our sin. and ozone depletion have become a rampant issue in the
21st century. The Joseph. J portrays our ailing society as
Degrees of separation give distinction shades of grey. Also, the poet blames the rapid
to human perception of ugliness within. degradation of the earthen environment to the ugliness
within the human mind. Clearly, human greed has resulted
Living now in this Age of Information in us defying gods charismatic creations. This poem has a
has not made life much more palatable; significant connection with the present day teenagers as
they seem to neglect the environment. They defy the holy
visible is Gods Truth and Satans lies, spirit by polluting nature. Hence, it is the foremost duty of
as individuals determine whats palpable. a society to cultivate a sense of love for nature in teens.

Gobs of available data doesnt translate

into experience and useful wisdom directly.
Real sapience, is shown by the Holy Spirit,
when the ideas of faith are under scrutiny.

Biblical principles enable all to overcome

corrosive powers of intellectual pollution;
however, personal change, only occurs when
one has the mindset for a Heavenly solution!

Review of key terms learnt during the unit

1) ----------: Do unto others what you would have them do unto you- Jesus Christ
2) ----------: world wide increases in average temperatures that are attributed to the warming effect of
greenhouse gases.
3) ---------: destruction of the earths stratospheric zone due to the release of chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs
4) ---------: the process of interaction and communication with other humans on a global level.
5) ---------: the virtue that gives each person his or her due in the distribution of goods.

Answer-key Questions and answers

I. Golden rule Q1. How many principles of social justice are present? (5
II. Global warming principles)
III. Ozone depletion Q2. Name 1 gas which is responsible for the greenhouse
IV. Globalization effect that has resulted in global warming? ( Carbon
V. Social Justice

Visual Pictures relating to Christ and Social justice

Works cited
www.inspirationpeak.com (to get the poem intellectual pollution)