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APPENDIX 3

WIND LOAD CALCULATION


UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
PROJECT No. P7512
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Doc. No : P7512-xxxxxxxxxxxxx Rev A Page :

ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN LOADS

Wind Loads Calculation

Design Wind Pressure = 1.428 kN/m2 (Ref Table 8.6 of on shore Design Basis)
(For Effective height (He) = 15m)
Case 1. Wind Load along Grid (+) Z - External Pressure
Wind Perpendicular to Shorter direction & e < d)
Wind Load on Walls
Height of the structure, h = 5.74 m
Dimension of the structure,d = 8 m
Dimension of the structure,b = 4.9 m
(Perpendicular to wind direction)
e = b or 2h whichever is smaller
e = 4.90 m
e < d

Fig 7.5 - EN 1991-1-4:2005

Sheet No.2 of 25
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External pressure, Cpe (Ref Table 7.1 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)
Zone
h/d A B C D E
5 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.8 -0.7
1 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.8 -0.5
<=3 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.7 -0.3

0.72 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.762 -0.425

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 A B C D E
5.74 1.428 -1.71 -1.14 -0.71 1.09 -0.61
Applied Width / Length (m) 0.98 3.92 3.10 4.9 4.9
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid B1 - 2C 0.98 -1.68
Grid B1 - 2C 1.02 -1.16
Grid B1 - 2B 2.90 -3.31
Grid B1- 2B 1.10 -0.78
Grid B1- 2A 2.00 -1.42
Grid B3 - 2C 0.98 -1.68
Grid B3 - 2C 1.02 -1.16
Grid B3 - 2B 2.90 -3.31
Grid B3- 2B 1.10 -0.78
Grid B3 - 2A 2.00 -1.42
Grid 2C - B1 2.45 2.67
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 2.67
Grid 2A - B1 2.45 -1.49
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -1.49

Sheet No.3 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
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Wind load on roof

Roof inclination, a = 1.15 deg


< 5 deg
Hence the roof is idealized as flat roof.
height of building, h = 5 m

For Flat roof with sharp eaves F G H I


External pressure, Cpe = -1.8 -2.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 (Ref Table 7.2)
EN 1991-1-4:2005

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 F G H I I
5.74 1.428 -2.57 -3.57 -1 -0.29 0.29
e/4 e/10 b-e/2e/10 b e/2-e/10 b d-e/2 b d-e/2
Applied Width / Length (m) 1.2 0.5 2.5 0.5 4.9 2.0 4.9 5.6 4.9 5.55
Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
B1 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1a - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -2.11
B1b - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -2.93

Sheet No.4 of 25
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B2c - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -2.93
B2d - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -2.93
B2e - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -2.11
B3 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1 - 2Ca & 2Cb 0.41 -0.41
B1a,b - 2Ca&2Cb 0.82 -0.82
B2c,d,e-2Ca&2Cb 0.82 -0.82
B3 - 2Ca & 2Cb 0.41 -0.41
B1 - 2Cb & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12
B1a,b - 2Cb & 2A 0.82 -0.24 0.24
B2c,d,e-2Cb & 2A 0.82 -0.24 0.24
B3 - 2Cb & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12

Sheet No.5 of 25
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Internal Pressure

Internal pressure, Cpi = -0.3 (Ref Cl. 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005 )


0.2

Height of the Wind load,kN/m2 Wind load,kN/m2


structure, m q(z), kN/m2 (q(z) x -ve Cpi) (q(z) x +ve Cpi)
5.74 1.428 -0.4284 0.2856
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid B1 - 2C 2 -0.86 0.57
Grid B1 - 2B 4 -1.71 1.14
Grid B1 - 2A 2 -0.86 0.57
Grid B3 - 2C 2 -0.86 0.57
Grid B3- 2B 4 -1.71 1.14
Grid B3 - 2A 2 -0.86 0.57
Grid 2C - B1 2.45 -1.05 0.7
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 -1.05 0.7
Grid 2A - B1 2.45 -1.05 0.7
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -1.05 0.7

Roof Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m Wind Load, kN/m
End beam 0.41 -0.18 0.12
Mid beam 0.82 -0.35 0.23

Case 2. Wind Load on Open Structures (HVAC Unit)

Force Co-efficient of structural = Cf,0 x yr x yl

element in rectangular section, Cf

Force Co-efficient, Cf0 = 2.05 (Ref,Fig 7.23 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)

Wind Pressure on rect. section = 1.428 x 2.05


= 2.93 kN/m2

Sheet No.6 of 25
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ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN LOADS

Wind Loads Calculation

Design Wind Pressure = 4.14 kN/m2 (Ref Table 8.6 of on shore Design Basis)
(For Effective height (He) = 15m)
Case 2. Wind Load along Grid (-) Z - External Pressure
Wind Perpendicular to Shorter direction & e < d)
Wind Load on Walls
Height of the structure, h = 4.002 m
Dimension of the structure,d = 13.36 m
Dimension of the structure,b = 4.35 m
(Perpendicular to wind direction)
e = b or 2h whichever is smaller
e = 4.35 m
e < d

Fig 7.5 - EN 1991-1-4:2005

Sheet No.7 of 25
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External pressure, Cpe (Ref Table 7.1 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)
Zone
h/d A B C D E
5 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.8 -0.7
1 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.8 -0.5
<=3 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.7 -0.3

0.30 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5 0.707 -0.313

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 A B C D E
4.002 4.14 -4.97 -3.31 -2.07 2.93 -1.3
Applied Width / Length (m) 0.87 3.48 9.01 4.35 4.35
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid B1 - 2C 0.98 -4.87
Grid B1 - 2C 1.02 -3.38
Grid B1 - 2B 2.90 -9.60
Grid B1- 2B 1.10 -2.28
Grid B1- 2A 2.00 -4.14
Grid B3 - 2C 0.98 -4.87
Grid B3 - 2C 1.02 -3.38
Grid B3 - 2B 2.90 -9.60
Grid B3- 2B 1.10 -2.28
Grid B3 - 2A 2.00 -4.14
Grid 2C - B1 2.45 7.18
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 7.18
Grid 2A - B1 2.45 -3.19
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -3.19

Sheet No.8 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
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Wind load on roof

Roof inclination, a = 1.15 deg


< 5 deg
Hence the roof is idealized as flat roof.
height of building, h = 5 m

For Flat roof with sharp eaves F G H I


External pressure, Cpe = -1.8 -2.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 (Ref Table 7.2)
EN 1991-1-4:2005

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 F G H I I
4.002 4.14 -7.45 -10.35 -2.9 -0.83 0.83
e/4 e/10 b-e/2e/10 b e/2-e/10 b d-e/2 b d-e/2
Applied Width / Length (m) 1.1 0.4 2.2 0.4 4.4 1.7 4.4 11 4.35 11.19
Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
B1 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -3.05
B1a - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -6.11
B1b - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -8.49

Sheet No.9 of 25
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B2c - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -8.49
B2d - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -8.49
B2e - 2C & 2Ca 0.82 -6.11
B3 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -3.05
B1 - 2Ca & 2Cb 0.41 -1.19
B1a,b - 2Ca&2Cb 0.82 -2.38
B2c,d,e-2Ca&2Cb 0.82 -2.38
B3 - 2Ca & 2Cb 0.41 -1.19
B1 - 2Cb & 2A 0.41 -0.34 0.34
B1a,b - 2Cb & 2A 0.82 -0.68 0.68
B2c,d,e-2Cb & 2A 0.82 -0.68 0.68
B3 - 2Cb & 2A 0.41 -0.34 0.34

Sheet No.10 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
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Internal Pressure

Internal pressure, Cpi = -0.3 (Ref Cl. 7.2.9 of EN 1991-1-4:2005 )


0.2

Height of the Wind load,kN/m2 Wind load,kN/m2


structure, m q(z), kN/m2 (q(z) x -ve Cpi) (q(z) x +ve Cpi)
4.002 4.14 -1.242 0.828
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid B1 - 2C 2 -2.48 1.66
Grid B1 - 2B 4 -4.97 3.31
Grid B1 - 2A 2 -2.48 1.66
Grid B3 - 2C 2 -2.48 1.66
Grid B3- 2B 4 -4.97 3.31
Grid B3 - 2A 2 -2.48 1.66
Grid 2C - B1 2.45 -3.04 2.03
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 -3.04 2.03
Grid 2A - B1 2.45 -3.04 2.03
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -3.04 2.03

Roof Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m Wind Load, kN/m
End beam 0.41 -0.51 0.34
Mid beam 0.82 -1.02 0.68

Case 2. Wind Load on Open Structures (HVAC Unit)

Force Co-efficient of structural = Cf,0 x yr x yl

element in rectangular section, Cf

Force Co-efficient, Cf0 = 2.05 (Ref,Fig 7.23 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)

Wind Pressure on rect. section = 4.14 x 2.05


= 8.49 kN/m2

Sheet No.11 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
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ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN LOADS

Wind Loads Calculation

Design Wind Pressure = 1.428 kN/m2 (Ref Table 8.6 of on shore Design Basis)
(For Effective height (He) = 15m)
Case 3. Wind Load along Grid (+) X - External Pressure
Wind Perpendicular to longer direction & e d)
Wind Load on Walls
Height of the structure, h = 5.74 m
Dimension of the structure,d = 4.9 m
Dimension of the structure,b = 8 m
(Perpendicular to wind direction)
e = b or 2h whichever is smaller
e = 8.00 m
e > d

Fig 7.5 - EN 1991-1-4:2005

Sheet No.12 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
PROJECT No. P7512
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External pressure, Cpe (Ref Table 7.1 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)
Zone
h/d A B D E
5 -1.2 -0.8 0.8 -0.7
1 -1.2 -0.8 0.8 -0.5
<=3 -1.2 -0.8 0.7 -0.3

1.17 -1.2 -0.8 0.800 -0.509

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 A B D E
5.74 1.428 -1.71 -1.14 1.14 -0.73
Applied Width / Length (m) 1.6 3.3 8 8
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid 2A - B1 1.60 -2.74
Grid 2A - B1 0.85 -0.97
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -2.79
Grid 2C - B1 1.60 -2.74
Grid 2C - B1 0.85 -0.97
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 -2.79
Grid B1 - 2A 2.00 2.28
Grid B1 - 2B 4.00 4.56
Grid B1 - 2C 2.00 2.28
Grid B3 - 2A 2.00 -1.46
Grid B3 - 2B 4.00 -2.92
Grid B3 - 2C 2.00 -1.46

Sheet No.13 of 25
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Wind load on roof

Roof inclination, a = 1.15 deg


< 5 deg
Hence the roof is idealized as flat roof.
height of building, h = 5 m

For Flat roof with sharp eaves F G H I


External pressure, Cpe = -1.8 -2.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 (Ref Table 7.2)
EN 1991-1-4:2005

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 F G H I I
5.74 1.428 -2.57 -3.57 -1 -0.29 0.29
e/4 e/10 b-e/2e/10 b e/2-e/10 b d-e/2 b d-e/2
Applied Width / Length (m) 2 0.8 4 0.8 8 3.2 8 0.9 8 0.9
Roof Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
B1 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1a - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1 - 2Ca & 2Ba 0.41 -1.46

Sheet No.14 of 25
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Doc. No : P7512-xxxxxxxxxxxxx Rev A Page :
B1a - 2Ca & 2Ba 0.41 -1.46
B1 - 2Ba & 2A 0.41 -1.05
B1 - 2Ba & 2A 0.41 -1.05
B1a - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.41
B1b,c,d - 2C&2A 0.82 -0.82
B2e - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.41
B2e - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12
B3 - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12

Sheet No.15 of 25
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ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
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Case 2. Wind Load on Open Structures (HVAC Unit)

Force Co-efficient of structural = Cf,0 x yr x yl

element in rectangular section, Cf

Force Co-efficient, Cf0 = 2.05 (Ref,Fig 7.23 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)

Wind Pressure on rect. section = 1.428 x 2.05


= 2.93 kN/m2

Sheet No.16 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
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ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN LOADS

Wind Loads Calculation

Design Wind Pressure = 1.428 kN/m2 (Ref Table 8.6 of on shore Design Basis)
(For Effective height (He) = 15m)
Case 4. Wind Load along Grid (-) X - External Pressure
Wind Perpendicular to longer direction & e d)
Wind Load on Walls
Height of the structure, h = 5.74 m
Dimension of the structure,d = 4.9 m
Dimension of the structure,b = 8 m
(Perpendicular to wind direction)
e = b or 2h whichever is smaller
e = 8.00 m
e > d

Fig 7.5 - EN 1991-1-4:2005

Sheet No.17 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
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Doc. No : P7512-xxxxxxxxxxxxx Rev A Page :
External pressure, Cpe (Ref Table 7.1 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)
Zone
h/d A B D E
5 -1.2 -0.8 0.8 -0.7
1 -1.2 -0.8 0.8 -0.5
<=3 -1.2 -0.8 0.7 -0.3

1.17 -1.2 -0.8 0.800 -0.509

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 A B D E
5.74 1.428 -1.71 -1.14 1.14 -0.73
Applied Width / Length (m) 1.6 3.3 8 8
Column Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
Grid 2A - B1 1.60 -2.74
Grid 2A - B1 0.85 -0.97
Grid 2A - B3 2.45 -2.79
Grid 2C - B1 1.60 -2.74
Grid 2C - B1 0.85 -0.97
Grid 2C - B3 2.45 -2.79
Grid B1 - 2A 2.00 2.28
Grid B1 - 2B 4.00 4.56
Grid B1 - 2C 2.00 2.28
Grid B3 - 2A 2.00 -1.46
Grid B3 - 2B 4.00 -2.92
Grid B3 - 2C 2.00 -1.46

Sheet No.18 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
PROJECT No. P7512
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Doc. No : P7512-xxxxxxxxxxxxx Rev A Page :
Wind load on roof

Roof inclination, a = 1.15 deg


< 5 deg
Hence the roof is idealized as flat roof.
height of building, h = 5 m

For Flat roof with sharp eaves F G H I


External pressure, Cpe = -1.8 -2.5 -0.7 -0.2 0.2 (Ref Table 7.2)
EN 1991-1-4:2005

Wind load, kN/m2 ( q(z) x Cpe)


Height of the
structure, m q(z), kN/m2 F G H I I
5.74 1.428 -2.57 -3.57 -1 -0.29 0.29
e/4 e/10 b-e/2e/10 b e/2-e/10 b d-e/2 b d-e/2
Applied Width / Length (m) 2 0.8 4 0.8 8 3.2 8 0.9 8 0.9
Roof Beam Ref. Influence width,m Wind Load, kN/m
B1 - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1a - 2C & 2Ca 0.41 -1.05
B1 - 2Ca & 2Ba 0.41 -1.46

Sheet No.19 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
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Doc. No : P7512-xxxxxxxxxxxxx Rev A Page :
B1a - 2Ca & 2Ba 0.41 -1.46
B1 - 2Ba & 2A 0.41 -1.05
B1 - 2Ba & 2A 0.41 -1.05
B1a - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.41
B1b,c,d - 2C&2A 0.82 -0.82
B2e - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.41
B2e - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12
B3 - 2C & 2A 0.41 -0.12 0.12

Sheet No.20 of 25
UPPER ZAKUM 750
ISLANDS SURFACE FACILITIES PROJECT EPC2
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Case 2. Wind Load on Open Structures (HVAC Unit)

Force Co-efficient of structural = Cf,0 x yr x yl

element in rectangular section, Cf

Force Co-efficient, Cf0 = 2.05 (Ref,Fig 7.23 - EN 1991-1-4:2005)

Wind Pressure on rect. section = 1.428 x 2.05


= 2.93 kN/m2

Sheet No.21 of 25
LC06 DL
LC07 FLL
LC08 RLL
LC09 WLX(+ve) Cpe(I-)
LC10 WLX(-ve) Cpe(I-)
LC11 WLZ(+ve) Cpe(I-)
LC12 WLZ(-ve) Cpe(I-)
LC13 WLX(+ve) Cpe(I+)
LC14 WLX(-ve) Cpe(I+)
LC15 WLZ(+ve) Cpe(I+)
LC16 WLZ(-ve) Cpe(I+)
LC17 WL Cpi(+) Pressure
LC18 WL Cpi(-) Suction

LC19 EQ (+X)
LC20 EQ (-X)
LC21 EQ (+Z)
LC22 EQ (-Z)
LC23 EQ (V)

Load Combination - Inplace

1.0 * Dead
LOAD COMBINATION 101 6 1 7 1

1.0 * Dead + 0.75 * Live


LOAD COMBINATION 102 6 1 7 0.75

1.0 * Dead + 0.75 * Live + 0.75 * Wind


LOAD COMBINATION 103 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 104 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 105 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 106 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 107 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 108 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 109 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 110 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 111 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 112 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 113 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 114 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 115 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 116 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 117 6 1 7 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 118 6 1 7 0.75
1.0 * Dead + 0.75 * Wind
LOAD COMBINATION 119 6 1 9 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 120 6 1 10 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 121 6 1 11 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 122 6 1 12 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 123 6 1 13 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 124 6 1 14 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 125 6 1 15 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 126 6 1 16 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 127 6 1 9 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 128 6 1 10 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 129 6 1 11 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 130 6 1 12 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 131 6 1 13 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 132 6 1 14 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 133 6 1 15 0.75
LOAD COMBINATION 134 6 1 16 0.75

1.0 * Dead + 0.25 * FFL + 0.525 * EQ(H) + 0.525 * EQ(V)


LOAD COMBINATION 135 6 1 7 0.25
LOAD COMBINATION 136 6 1 7 0.25
LOAD COMBINATION 137 6 1 7 0.25
LOAD COMBINATION 138 6 1 7 0.25
0.9 * Dead + 0.7 * EQ(H) + 0.7 * EQ(V)
LOAD COMBINATION 139 6 1 19 0.7
LOAD COMBINATION 140 6 1 20 0.7
LOAD COMBINATION 141 6 1 21 0.7
LOAD COMBINATION 142 6 1 22 0.7
place

8 0.75

8 0.75 9 0.75 17 0.75


8 0.75 10 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 11 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 12 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 13 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 14 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 15 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 16 0.75 17 0.75
8 0.75 9 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 10 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 11 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 12 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 13 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 14 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 15 0.75 18 0.75
8 0.75 16 0.75 18 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
17 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75
18 0.75

19 0.525 23 0.525
20 0.525 23 0.525
21 0.525 23 0.525
22 0.525 23 0.525

23 0.7
23 0.7
23 0.7
23 0.7