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RAFT BEAMS

RAFT SLAB
STOREY BEAMS
STOREY COLUMNS
STAIRCASE
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RC stair designRC STAIR DESIGN (BS8110-1:1997)


TEDDS calculation version 1.0.04

250 12 x 250 1738


2275

4988

Stair geometry
Number of steps; N steps = 13
Waist depth for stair flight; h span = 175 mm
Going of each step; Going = 250 mm
Rise of each step; Rise = 175 mm
Angle of stairs; Rake = atan(Rise / Going) = 34.99 deg
Upper landing geometry
Support condition; Continuous end support
Landing length; L upper = 1738 mm
Depth of landing; h upper = 150 mm
Lower landing geometry
Support condition; Simply supported
Landing length; L lower = 250 mm
Depth of landing; h lower = 150 mm
Material details
Characteristic strength of concrete; fcu = 20 N/mm 2
Characteristic strength of reinforcement; fy = 500 N/mm 2
Nominal cover to reinforcement; c nom = 20 mm
Density of concrete; conc = 23.6 kN/m 3
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for imposed loading; fq = 1.60
Partial safety factor for dead loading; fg = 1.40

Loading details
Characteristic imposed loading; q k = 3.000 kN/m 2
Characteristic loading from finishes; g k_fin = 1.200 kN/m 2
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Average stair self weight; g k_swt = (h span / Cos(Rake) + Rise / 2) conc = 7.106 kN/m 2
Design load; F = (g k_swt + g k_fin) fg + q k fq = 16.429 kN/m 2

Mid span design


Midspan moment per metre width; M span = 0.086 F L 2 = 35.153 kNm/m
Diameter of tension reinforcement; span = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d span = h span - c nom - span / 2 = 149 mm

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)


Moment redistribution ratio; b = 1.25
K span = M span / (d span 2 fcu ) = 0.079
Kspan = 0.402 ( b - 0.4) - 0.18 ( b - 0.4)2 = 0.212
K span < K'span compression reinforcement is not required
Lever arm; z span = d span min([0.5 + (0.25 - K span / 0.9)], 0.95) = 134 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_span_req = M span / (0.87 fy z span ) = 601 mm 2/m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_span_min = 0.13 h span / 100 = 228 mm 2 /m
Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 200 centres
Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_span_prov = 565 mm 2 /m
FAIL - Tension reinforcement provided is less than tension reinforcement required
Basic span/effective depth ratio (cl 3.4.6.3)
From BS8110 : Part 1 : 1997 Table 3.9
Basic span/effective depth ratio; ratio basic = 26.0
Modification of span/effective depth ratio for staircases without stringer beams (cl 3.10.2.2)
Modification factor for stairs without stringers; factorflight = 1.15
Modification of span/effective depth ratio for tension reinforcement (cl 3.4.6.5)
From BS8110 : Part 1 : 1997 Table 3.10
Design service stress; fs = 2 fy A s_span_req / (3 A s_span_prov b ) = 283.377 N/mm 2
Modification factor for tension reinforcement; factortens = 0.55 + (477 N/mm 2 - fs)/(120 (0.9 N/mm 2 + (M span / d span 2 )))
factortens = 1.200
Check span/effective depth ratio (cl 3.4.6.1)
Allowable span/effective depth ratio; ratio adm = ratio basic factorflight factortens = 35.872
Actual span/effective depth ratio; ratio act = L / d span = 33.477
PASS - Span/effective depth ratio is adequate

Upper landing support design


Upper support moment per metre width; M upper = 0.040 F L 2 = 16.350 kNm/m
Diameter of tension reinforcement; upper = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d upper = h upper - c nom - upper / 2 = 124 mm

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)


Moment redistribution ratio; b = 0.80
K upper = M upper / (d upper 2 fcu ) = 0.053
Kupper = 0.402 ( b - 0.4) - 0.18 ( b - 0.4)2 = 0.132
K upper < K' upper compression reinforcement is not required
Lever arm; z upper = d upper min([0.5 + (0.25 - K upper / 0.9)], 0.95) = 116 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_upper_req = M upper / (0.87 fy z upper) = 324 mm 2 /m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_upper_min = 0.13 h upper / 100 = 195 mm 2 /m
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Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 200 centres


Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_upper_prov = 565 mm 2/m
PASS - Tension reinforcement provided exceeds tension reinforcement required
Shear stress in beam (cl 3.4.5.2)
Design shear force; V upper = 0.460 F L = 37.696 kN/m
Design shear stress; v upper = V upper / d upper = 0.304 N/mm 2
Allowable design shear stress; v max = min(0.8N/mm 2 (fcu / 1 N/mm 2), 5 N/mm 2) = 3.578 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed allowable shear stress
From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8
Design concrete shear stress; v c_upper = 0.605 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed design concrete shear stress

Lower landing support design


Diameter of tension reinforcement; lower = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d lower = h lower - c nom - lower / 2 = 124 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_lower_req = 0.4 A s_span_req = 240 mm 2 /m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_lower_min = 195 mm 2 /m
Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 200 centres
Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_lower_prov = 565 mm 2 /m
PASS - Tension reinforcement provided exceeds tension reinforcement required
Shear stress in beam (cl 3.4.5.2)
Design shear force; V lower = 0.400 F L = 32.779 kN/m
Design shear stress; v lower = V lower / d lower = 0.264 N/mm 2
Allowable design shear stress; v max = min(0.8N/mm 2 (fcu / 1 N/mm 2), 5 N/mm 2) = 3.578 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed allowable shear stress
From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8
Design concrete shear stress; v c_lower = 0.605 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed design concrete shear stress