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DISEO DE RIEGO POR GOTEO

DATOS GENERALES :

CULTIVO = MAIZ
Per. Vegetativo = 06 meses
Prof. Raices = 60 cm = 0.6 m. = 600 mm
% H.D. = 40 % = 0.4
% agotamiento = 50 % = 0.5
ETc = 2.08 mm/da

SUELO / TERRENO
Area 260 = 83200 m = 08.32 Has
320 =
Pendiente = 4.00 %
Textura = arcilloso limoso
Contenido de humedad a :
Capac. Campo : (HCC) = 45.00
Punto marchitez : (HPM) = 27.00
Dens. Aparente : (s) = 1.54 gr/cm
Dens. Agua : (a) = 1.00 gr/cm

SISTEMA DE RIEGO
Mtodo = GOTEO
Efic. Aplicacin = 90 %
Modelo de Emisor = Gotero KATIF
Caudal nominal : (qa) = 2.30 lt/Hr
Diam. Exterior : (e) = 16 mm
Diam. interior : (i) = 14 mm
Coef. Variabilidad : (C.V.) = 5 % = 0.05
Coef. Uniformidad : (C.U.) = 90 % = 0.9
Espac. Laterales = 1.50 m. = 1.50444444 m Corregido
Espac. Goteros = 0.40 m.
Espac. Plantas = 0.40 m.

Long. Laterales = 59.65 m. (Se deja 0.50 m en los extremos; para salida de purg
Long. Distribuidor = 108.32 m. (Se deja 1.00 m en los extremos, para caja de vlvula
Largo SUR = 121.31 m
Ancho SUR = 109.32 m.
Area SUR = ### m

Calles 2 5 2 6 749.83 Ancho750


Calles 3 5 2 6 901.55 Largo 902

N de Sub Unidades de Rie = 2.54 48 SUR Sin las calles


EQUIVALENCIAS DE
(mm) Pulg.
20 1/2"
25 3/4"
32 1"
40 1 1/4"
50 1 1/2"
63 2"
75 2 1/2"
90 3"
110 4"
125 5"
140 6"

emos; para salida de purga)


emos, para caja de vlvulas: ingreso y limpia)
DISEO AGRONOMICO

IDM Descripcin Simb. Formula Valor Und. Valor Und

1 Clculo de la lmina de riego corregida


Capac. retentiva del agua en el
Lng = ((HCC-HPM)/100)*(Ds/Da)*prof.*%HD 66.53 mm
suelo
Dimetro mojado Dm = (espac. gotero / 0,8) 0.50 m

% Area Mojada %AM = ( Area mojada / Area total ) 100 33.33333 %

Lmina neta de riego Ln = ( Lng * %AM )/100 22.176 mm 222 m/Ha

Frecuencia de Riego (Fr)


Frecuencia de riego Fr = Ln / ETc 32.0 dias

Frecuencia de riego Fr = Ln / ETc 10.7 dias => 3

Eficiencia de Riego (Er)


Eficiencia de riego Er = CU * ( 1 - K ) 0.8550

Caudal del Sistema/ha


Volum. Aplicacin V= (ETc / Er) * 10 24.29 m/Ha

N de Goteros por lateral NG= ((Long.Later) / (Espac. Lateral)+1) 149.13

N de laterales Nl = ((long.Distri-1) / (Espac. Lateral)+1) 72.33

Caudal del lateral QL = (NL)*q got 343.00 lt/hr 0.095 l/s


m/Hr/
Caudal SUR Qsur = (Numero Lateral * q lateral ) 49621.72 lt/hr 49.62
Ha

Tiempo de Riego (T) 13.78 lt/s/Ha

Tiempo de rieg / Ha Tr = Volumen / Caudal 0.490 Hr


IDM Descripcin Simb. Formula Valor Und. Valor Und

CALCULO DE LA DEMANDA DE AGUA DEL SISTEMA:

Volumen a aplicar Va = ( ETc / Er ) 2.43 mm/da 0.281 lt/s/Ha

24.29 m/Ha

Caudal del Sistema (Aproximacin del Caudal Preliminar)


Caudal ( 7 Hrs ) Q(7) = 2,78 * A * D / F *(Hr/da) 2.68 lt/s
Q(12)
Caudal ( 12 Hrs ) 2,78 * A * D / F *(Hr/da) 1.56 lt/s
=
Q(16)
Caudal ( 16 Hrs ) 2,78 * A * D / F *(Hr/da) 1.17 lt/s
=
Q(24)
Caudal ( 24 Hrs ) 2,78 * A * D / F *(Hr/da) 0.78 lt/s
=

Distribucin preliminar de las reas de la Sub unidad de riego


Area de la Sub Unidad de Riego Asur = Ancho x Largo 13260.91 m 1.326 Has

Caudal de la Sub Unid. Riego Qsur = ( Q/Ha ) * A sur ) 18.28 lt/s


N
N de Sub Unid. Regados simult. ( Q(12) / Qsur ) 0.09 Asum = 2 SUR
sur=
Caudal del Sistema /SUR QS = ( Qsur * N sur ) 36.56 lt/s

Corregiendo el Tiempo de riego con respecto al Caudal del sistema

Tiempo de riego corregido Tr = (Va / Qs) * (Asur / 3.6 ) 0.24 Hrs

N de Sub Unidades de Riego 48.00 Und

ms 10 min. Por tiempo de manipulacin 0.49 Hrs + 0.25

Tiempo de riego de todo el sistema(48 sub unidades de riego) = 23.75 Hrs 2 dias

MANEJO DE LAS SUB UNIDADES DE RIEGO

T Unudades de riego
IDM Descripcin Simb. Formula Valor Und. Valor Und

1 1; 2

2 3; 4

3 5; 6

4 7; 8

5 9; 10

6 11; 12
...
...

24 47; 48

CALCULO DEL COEFICIENTE DE UNIFORMIDAD


1
q
q 0.57*h
0.55
h ( a )0.55
0.57
Presin media de trabajo del
ha = 12.63 m.
gotero


1.27 * CV qmin CU * qa
CU (1 )* qmin
e qa (1 1.27 * CV )

e

N goteros /planta = 2 und.


q min
Caudal mnimo de trabajo 2.17 lt/Hr
=
h min
Presin mnima de trabajo (q min / 0,57) ^(1/0,55) 11.34 m.
=
IDM Descripcin Simb. Formula Valor Und. Valor Und

CALCULO DE LA PERDIDA DE CARGA ADMISIBLE DEL SISTEMA Tabla: M= 2.50


Prdida de carga Admisible en
H = M*( ha - h min ) 3.23 m.
SUR

CALCULO DE LA EFICIENCIA DE RIEGO La prdida por percolacin profunda se asume un 8% (prueba con lismetro)

Eficiencia de riego Er = CU * ( 1 - %Pp ) 0.83

H = Hl + Ht
En terrenos planos se
considera
Hl = Ht = H/2

N = 24 * K * Fr / Tr 132.4
Observaciones CHEQUEOS

Interv. das entre riegos 0.00

Asumido 19.12

Por lado

473.8

11250
Observaciones CHEQUEOS
Observaciones CHEQUEOS
Observaciones CHEQUEOS

Pag. 415 : F. Pizarro.


Max.Pres.a perd.
SUR

on lismetro)
1- Clculo de la Prdida de Carga por metro de tubera (Hf), mediante form. Hazzen Williams
1.852
Q 1
Hf ( m / m ) K * 4.87 * F ( n )
C D

K= 1.21E+10
C= 150 Coef. Fricc.para PVC
D= Tubera
F(n) = 1 Correcc. Por el N de salidas (F=1, cuando no hay salidas)
i= Candidato de Tubera (mm)
j= Caudal en el tramo analizado (l/s)

Diam. Perdida de carga (Hf) : m/m


(mm) Linea 1,j Linea 2,j Linea 3,j Linea 4,j Linea 5,j Linea 6,j Linea 7,j Linea 8,j Linea 9,j
Ql (l/s) 15 10
i,1 76.2 0.11632 0.05490 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
i,2 102 0.02811 0.01327 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
i,3 147 0.00474 0.00224 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
i,4 196 0.00117 0.00055 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
i,5 245 0.00039 0.00019 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Linea 10,j

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
SELECCIN TECNICA - ECONOMICA DE TUBERIAS PRINCIPALES

La seleccin se realiza teniendo en cuenta los costos fijos de la tubera en funcin del
operacin (energa) necesarios para vencer las prdidas por friccin para 100 m.

A- COSTOS FIJOS ANUALES


1 Clculo del Factor de Recuperacin del Capital (FRC):
i * (1 i ) n
FRC
(1 i ) n 1

Donde:
i = Tasa de Interes anual (decimas) = 18%
n = Vida til de la Tubera (aos) = 10
F.R.C. = 0.223

2 Costo Anualizadas de Tuberas Candidatos / 100m


Para llevar el Costo Unitario de la Tubera a Costo Unitario anual, se debe multiplicar el C.

Material = PVC Clase = 7.5

Diametro (Pulg) 2 3 4 6
Candidatos i=(mm) 56.4 84.1 108.4 152.4
Costo Unitario ( $/100m) 76 114 152.00 409.00
C. U. Anualizado ( $/100m) 16.91 25.37 33.82 91.01
Velocidad (m/s) 14.63 6.58 3.96 2.00

B- COSTOS DE OPERACIN ANUALES

1 Prdida energa por friccin en 100 metros de tubera (Hf)


1 . 852
L Q 1
Hf ( 100 m / m ) J * J K * 4 . 87
100 m C D

K = 1.21E+12
C = 150.00 Coef. Fricc.para PVC
Q = 36.56 l/s 131.61

Area Total 8.32 has


ETc : prom. Anual (mm/da) 2.08
Volumen anual a bombear (m) 106540.44
Ef. Bomba/motor = 0.55
Coef. Para HP o Kw 76.00
Caudal bomba = 131.61 (m/hr)
Consumo = 11.50 (hp-hr/galn
Precio = 2.00 ($/galn)
Horas de Operacin anual = 809.54

Dimetro (Pulg) 2 3 4 6
Candidatos i=(mm) 56.4 84.1 108.4 152.4
Prdida carga (Hf) : 100m/m 262.156 37.457 10.882 2.071

2 Costo Unitario de la Potencia (CU)

precio($galn) *Hrs .AnualesOpera c.


CU ($Hp ao)
Consum. Pr omed.(Hp Hr / galon)

CU ($/hp-ao) 140.79

3 Clculo de la Potencia (hp kw) necesario para vencer las prdidas por friccin (L=100m

De la ecuacin : Potencia ( hp ) ( Q * Hf ) / Coef . * Ef

Donde:
Coef. Para hp kw = 76
Ef : Efic. bomba y motor (%) = 55%
Diametro (Pulg) 2 3 4 6
Candidatos i=(mm) 56.4 84.1 108.4 152.4
Potencia (hp kw) 229.28 32.76 9.52 1.81

4 Costo anual de los hp requeridos para vencer las prdidas por friccin (L=100m)

De la ecuacin : Costo. Anual .($ / ao) CU ($ / hp ao) * Potencia(hp)

Diametro (Pulg) 2 3 4 6
Candidatos i=(mm) 56.4 84.1 108.4 152.4
Costo bombeo ($/100m) 32279.61 4612.13 1339.88 254.99

C- SUMATORIA DE LOS COSTOS FIJOS Y DE BOMBEO ANUALIZADO

Diametro
Candidatos (Pulg) 2 3 4 6
Costo anualizado ( $/100m) 16.91 25.37 33.82 91.01
Costo de bombeo( $/100m) 32279.61 4612.13 1339.88 254.99
Costo fijo + C. ($/100m) 32296.53 4637.49 1373.70 346.00
C o sto ($/100m)

SELECCIN TECNICO ECONOMICO

35000
32296.5
30000
C o sto ($/100m)
SELECCIN TECNICO ECONOMICO

35000
32296.5
30000

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000 4637.5
1373.7
0 229.3 281.5 4
346.0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Diametros candidatos (pulg)

Costo anualizado Costo de bombeo Costo fijo + C. bombeo


e la tubera en funcin del y los costos de
cin para 100 m.

ual, se debe multiplicar el C.U. por el FRC

Q= 36.56 l/s

8 10 12
203.2 254.0 304.8
748.00 1170.00 1860.00
166.44 260.34 413.88
1.13 0.72 0.50

1 . 852
Q 1
K * 4 . 87
C D

ricc.para PVC
M3/Hr

(hp-hr/galn
($/galn)
8 10 12
203.2 254.0 304.8
0.510 0.172 0.071

rdidas por friccin (L=100m)

8 10 12
203.2 254.0 304.8
0.45 0.15 0.06

or friccin (L=100m)

8 10 12
203.2 254.0 304.8
62.82 21.19 8.72

8 10 12
166.44 260.34 413.88
62.82 21.19 8.72
229.26 281.53 422.60

ONOMICO
ONOMICO

229.3 281.5 422.6


8 10 12 14
pulg)

beo Costo fijo + C. bombeo


SISTEMA DE RIEGO A PRESION

A) DISEO DE TUBERIA LATERAL

Datos de diseo :
Caudal gotero: qa (l/h) 2.30 l/h 0.00064 l/s
Esp. Goteros :Se ( m) 0.40 m.
Long. Lateral: l ( m) 59.65 m.
Caudal lateral ( l/s) 0.095 l/s
Coef. Para tub. PVC : C 130 =+(1.21*10^10)*((F$19/F$11)^1.8552)*(E25^-4.87)
Prd. caraga admisible: 3.23 m. Dato de diseo Agronmico =(((Q/1000)*(Long)^(0.54)*1/0.2788*1/C*1/(D/1000)^(2.63)))^(1/0.54)
Presin mnima de trab.: 12.63 m. Dato de diseo Agronmico

Clculos previos:
Hf m /m J '* F * L
Pendiente ( i ) = 0.00267 Lprom= 340.00 Hprom= 5.00
m (F. Hanzen-Williams) 1.8552 1.8552
Q 1
N goteros :n 149 goteros J m / m 1.21*1010 * * 4.87
C D
Caudal lateral ( l/s) 0.095 l/s 1E-04 m3/seg
F ( n, lo=Se) 0.3536
fe (m) de tabla =18.91*d^(-1.87) fe = 0.2414 1.8369 Condicin = hm-hn < H = 3.23 m

PARA TRAMO CON PENDIENTE POSITIVA: 0.0027

N Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel fe J J' hf hn hm h Veloc.


Observaciones
e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) hm-hn (m/s)
1 12.5 10.3 59.65 0.00 0.24 0.2159 0.346 7.30 10.68 17.99 7.30 1.14 : (CORREGIR) No existe p. disponible
2 16 13.2 59.65 0.00 0.15 0.0645 0.089 1.88 12.13 14.01 1.88 0.70 : (OK) Existe presin disponible
3 20 16 59.65 0.00 0.11 0.0253 0.032 0.67 12.45 13.13 0.68 0.47 : (OK) Existe presin disponible
4 25 21.8 59.65 0.00 0.06 0.0056 0.006 0.14 12.60 12.73 0.14 0.26 : (OK) Existe presin disponible
5 32 28 59.65 0.00 0.04 0.0017 0.002 0.04 12.62 12.66 0.04 0.15 : (OK) Existe presin disponible

NOTA: En este caso se considera solamente el caso crtico para pendiente positiva.

Diametro elegido
3 20 16 59.6525 0.00159 0.11 0.03 0.032 0.67 12.45 13.13 0.68 0.47 : (OK) Existe presin disponible
Prd. carga admisible para el Lateral: Hl= 0.68 m.
Presin mnima en la entrada del lateral : Hm = 13.13 m.

SISTEMA DE RIEGO A PRESION

B) DISEO DE TUBERIA TERCIARIA: 1 2 3 4

(Distribuidor)
Datos de diseo :
Caudal lateral : ql (l/s) 0.095 l/s 343.0 l/h 0.253
Esp. laterales :Sl ( m) 1.5 m. Q (l/h)

Long. distribuidor: l ( m) 108.32 m.


Coef. Para tub. PVC : C 150 Secundaria
Se
Tol. Perd. carga: Hl= 0.68 m.
Terciaria
P. Entrada lateral: hm = 13.13 m.

Clculos previos:
Pendiente ( i ) = 0.0147 Lprom= 340.00 Hprom= 5.00
m (F. Hanzen-Williams) 1.8552
N salidas :n 72
Caudal Distribuidor ( l/s) 13.78 l/s 49621.7 l/h Factor Correccin = 1.326 Caud.Correg= 18.28 lts/seg
F ( n, lo=Se) 0.357
fe (m) de tabla =18.91*d^(-1.87) Condicin = Hm-Hn < H = 2.43 m
Espac.Later.Correg. = 1.50 m

PARA TRAMO CON PENDIENTE POSITIVA: 0.0147

Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf Hn Hm h Veloc.


Observaciones
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) hm-hn (m/s)
0 1 88.5 84.1 1.00 0.0147 18.28 0.005 0.10 0.103 0.0369 15.01 15.06 0.05 3.29
1 2 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 18.03 0.005 0.10 0.101 0.0541 14.95 15.02 0.08 3.25
2 3 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.77 0.005 0.10 0.099 0.0532 14.90 14.97 0.08 3.20
3 4 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.52 0.005 0.10 0.096 0.0518 14.85 14.92 0.07 3.15
4 5 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.27 0.005 0.09 0.094 0.0504 14.80 14.87 0.07 3.11
5 6 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.02 0.005 0.09 0.091 0.0491 14.75 14.82 0.07 3.06
6 7 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.76 0.005 0.09 0.089 0.0477 14.71 14.78 0.07 3.02
7 8 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.51 0.005 0.09 0.086 0.0464 14.66 14.73 0.07 2.97
8 9 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.26 0.005 0.08 0.084 0.0451 14.62 14.69 0.07 2.93
9 10 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.00 0.005 0.08 0.082 0.0438 14.58 14.64 0.07 2.88
10 11 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.75 0.005 0.08 0.079 0.0425 14.53 14.60 0.06 2.84
11 12 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.50 0.005 0.08 0.077 0.0413 14.49 14.56 0.06 2.79
12 13 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.25 0.005 0.07 0.074 0.0400 14.45 14.52 0.06 2.74
13 14 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.99 0.005 0.07 0.072 0.0388 14.41 14.48 0.06 2.70
14 15 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.74 0.005 0.07 0.070 0.0376 14.38 14.44 0.06 2.65
15 16 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.49 0.005 0.07 0.068 0.0364 14.34 14.40 0.06 2.61
16 17 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.24 0.005 0.06 0.066 0.0352 14.30 14.36 0.06 2.56
17 18 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.98 0.005 0.06 0.063 0.0341 14.27 14.32 0.06 2.52
18 19 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.73 0.005 0.06 0.061 0.0330 14.23 14.29 0.06 2.47
19 20 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.48 0.005 0.06 0.059 0.0318 14.20 14.25 0.05 2.43
20 21 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.22 0.005 0.06 0.057 0.0307 14.16 14.22 0.05 2.38
21 22 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.97 0.005 0.05 0.055 0.0297 14.13 14.18 0.05 2.34
22 23 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.72 0.005 0.05 0.053 0.0286 14.10 14.15 0.05 2.29
23 24 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.47 0.005 0.05 0.051 0.0276 14.07 14.12 0.05 2.24
24 25 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.21 0.005 0.05 0.049 0.0265 14.04 14.09 0.05 2.20
25 26 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.96 0.005 0.05 0.047 0.0255 14.01 14.06 0.05 2.15
26 27 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.71 0.005 0.05 0.046 0.0245 13.98 14.03 0.05 2.11
27 28 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.46 0.005 0.04 0.044 0.0236 13.95 14.00 0.05 2.06
28 29 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.20 0.005 0.04 0.042 0.0226 13.92 13.97 0.04 2.02
29 30 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.95 0.005 0.04 0.040 0.0217 13.90 13.94 0.04 1.97
30 31 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.70 0.005 0.04 0.039 0.0207 13.87 13.92 0.04 1.93
31 32 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.45 0.005 0.04 0.037 0.0198 13.85 13.89 0.04 1.88
32 33 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.19 0.005 0.03 0.035 0.0190 13.82 13.86 0.04 1.83
33 34 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 9.94 0.005 0.03 0.034 0.0181 13.80 13.84 0.04 1.79
34 35 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 9.69 0.005 0.03 0.032 0.0173 13.77 13.81 0.04 1.74
35 36 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 9.43 0.007 0.08 0.078 0.0421 13.73 13.79 0.06 2.49
36 37 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 9.18 0.007 0.07 0.074 0.0400 13.69 13.75 0.06 2.43
37 38 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.93 0.007 0.07 0.071 0.0380 13.65 13.71 0.06 2.36
38 39 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.68 0.007 0.07 0.067 0.0360 13.61 13.67 0.06 2.29
39 40 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.42 0.007 0.06 0.063 0.0341 13.58 13.63 0.06 2.23
40 41 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.17 0.007 0.06 0.060 0.0322 13.54 13.60 0.05 2.16
41 42 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.92 0.007 0.06 0.057 0.0304 13.51 13.56 0.05 2.09
42 43 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.67 0.007 0.05 0.053 0.0286 13.48 13.53 0.05 2.03
43 44 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.41 0.007 0.05 0.050 0.0269 13.45 13.50 0.05 1.96
44 45 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.16 0.007 0.05 0.047 0.0252 13.42 13.46 0.05 1.89
45 46 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.91 0.007 0.04 0.044 0.0236 13.39 13.44 0.05 1.83
46 47 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.65 0.007 0.04 0.041 0.0220 13.36 13.41 0.04 1.76
47 48 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.40 0.007 0.04 0.038 0.0205 13.34 13.38 0.04 1.69
48 49 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.15 0.007 0.03 0.035 0.0190 13.31 13.35 0.04 1.63
49 50 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.90 0.007 0.03 0.033 0.0176 13.29 13.33 0.04 1.56
50 51 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.64 0.007 0.03 0.030 0.0162 13.27 13.30 0.04 1.49
51 52 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.39 0.007 0.03 0.028 0.0149 13.24 13.28 0.04 1.43
52 53 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.14 0.007 0.02 0.025 0.0136 13.22 13.26 0.04 1.36
53 54 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.89 0.007 0.02 0.023 0.0124 13.20 13.24 0.03 1.29
54 55 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.63 0.007 0.02 0.021 0.0113 13.18 13.22 0.03 1.22
55 56 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.38 0.007 0.02 0.019 0.0101 13.17 13.20 0.03 1.16
56 57 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.13 0.007 0.02 0.017 0.0091 13.15 13.18 0.03 1.09
57 58 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.87 0.007 0.01 0.015 0.0081 13.13 13.16 0.03 1.02
58 59 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.62 0.007 0.01 0.013 0.0071 13.12 13.15 0.03 0.96
59 60 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.37 0.007 0.01 0.012 0.0062 13.12 13.15 0.03 0.89
60 61 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.12 0.007 0.01 0.010 0.0054 13.12 13.14 0.03 0.82
61 62 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.86 0.010 0.02 0.024 0.0128 13.11 13.15 0.03 1.15
62 63 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.61 0.010 0.02 0.020 0.0108 13.12 13.15 0.03 1.05
63 64 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.36 0.010 0.02 0.017 0.0089 13.12 13.15 0.03 0.94
64 65 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.11 0.010 0.01 0.013 0.0072 13.12 13.15 0.03 0.84
65 66 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.85 0.010 0.01 0.011 0.0057 13.12 13.14 0.03 0.74
66 67 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.60 0.010 0.01 0.008 0.0043 13.12 13.14 0.03 0.64
67 68 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.35 0.010 0.01 0.006 0.0032 13.12 13.14 0.03 0.54
68 69 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.10 0.010 0.00 0.004 0.0021 13.12 13.14 0.02 0.44
69 70 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.84 0.010 0.00 0.002 0.0013 13.12 13.14 0.02 0.34
70 71 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.59 0.010 0.00 0.001 0.0007 13.12 13.14 0.02 0.24
71 72 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.34 0.010 0.00 0.000 0.0002 13.12 13.14 0.02 0.13

107.82 1.30 1.74 1.94 : (OK) Existe presin


Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf Hn Hm h Veloc.
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m/s)

VERIFICACION FINAL DE PRESIONES

DESCRIPCION ECUACIONES VALOR (m) CONDICION

Tolerancia de presiones en SUR H = 2.5 (ha - hns) = Hl + Hd 3.23 VALOR PERMITIDO

Tolerancia de presiones en Laterales Hl = hm - hn = 0.68 2.62 VALOR OBTENIDO

Tolerancia de presiones en Distribuidores Hd = Hm - Hn = 1.94 (OK) CUMPLE

RESUMEN DEL DISTRIBUIDOR


Diam .Candidatos Long. Cant Und Clase
3" 84.1 52.15 10.43 Pzs 5
2.5" 69.4 39.12 7.82 Pzs 5
2" 56.4 16.55 3.31 Pzs 5
Total 91.27 18.25 Pzs 5

DISEO DE TUBERIA TERCIARIA:


PARA TRAMO CON PENDIENTE NEGATIVA: -0.0147 t' = 1+ (d/hf)+0.357(-d/hf)^(1.57)

Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf i < J'=A d/hf t' t' hf Hn Hm
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) i >= J'=B (m) (m) (m) (m)
0 1 88.5 84.1 1.00 0.0147 18.28 0.005 0.10 0.103 0.0369 A 0.3982 0.6859 0.0253 15.03 15.06
1 2 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 18.03 0.005 0.10 0.101 0.0541 A 0.4086 0.6790 0.03676 14.99 15.02
2 3 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.77 0.005 0.10 0.099 0.0532 A 0.4159 0.6742 0.03587 14.94 14.97
3 4 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.52 0.005 0.10 0.096 0.0518 A 0.4271 0.6668 0.03454 14.89 14.92
4 5 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.27 0.005 0.09 0.094 0.0504 A 0.4387 0.6592 0.03324 14.84 14.87
5 6 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 17.02 0.005 0.09 0.091 0.0491 A 0.4509 0.6513 0.03196 14.79 14.82
6 7 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.76 0.005 0.09 0.089 0.0477 A 0.4636 0.6432 0.0307 14.75 14.78
7 8 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.51 0.005 0.09 0.086 0.0464 A 0.4768 0.6348 0.02945 14.70 14.73
8 9 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.26 0.005 0.08 0.084 0.0451 A 0.4907 0.6261 0.02823 14.66 14.69
9 10 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 16.00 0.005 0.08 0.082 0.0438 A 0.5052 0.6170 0.02702 14.62 14.64
10 11 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.75 0.005 0.08 0.079 0.0425 A 0.5203 0.6077 0.02584 14.57 14.60
11 12 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.50 0.005 0.08 0.077 0.0413 A 0.5361 0.5980 0.02468 14.53 14.56
12 13 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 15.25 0.005 0.07 0.074 0.0400 A 0.5527 0.5880 0.02354 14.49 14.52
13 14 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.99 0.005 0.07 0.072 0.0388 A 0.5701 0.5776 0.02241 14.45 14.48
14 15 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.74 0.005 0.07 0.070 0.0376 A 0.5884 0.5669 0.02131 14.41 14.44
15 16 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.49 0.005 0.07 0.068 0.0364 A 0.6076 0.5557 0.02023 14.38 14.40
16 17 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 14.24 0.005 0.06 0.066 0.0352 A 0.6278 0.5441 0.01918 14.34 14.36
17 18 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.98 0.005 0.06 0.063 0.0341 A 0.6490 0.5321 0.01814 14.30 14.32
18 19 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.73 0.005 0.06 0.061 0.0330 A 0.6713 0.5197 0.01713 14.27 14.29
19 20 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.48 0.005 0.06 0.059 0.0318 A 0.6948 0.5067 0.01613 14.24 14.25
20 21 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 13.22 0.005 0.06 0.057 0.0307 A 0.7197 0.4933 0.01517 14.20 14.22
21 22 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.97 0.005 0.05 0.055 0.0297 A 0.7459 0.4794 0.01422 14.17 14.18
22 23 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.72 0.005 0.05 0.053 0.0286 A 0.7736 0.4650 0.0133 14.14 14.15
23 24 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.47 0.005 0.05 0.051 0.0276 A 0.8030 0.4500 0.0124 14.11 14.12
24 25 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 12.21 0.005 0.05 0.049 0.0265 A 0.8341 0.4344 0.01152 14.08 14.09
25 26 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.96 0.005 0.05 0.047 0.0255 A 0.8670 0.4183 0.01067 14.05 14.06
26 27 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.71 0.005 0.05 0.046 0.0245 A 0.9021 0.4016 0.00985 14.02 14.03
27 28 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.46 0.005 0.04 0.044 0.0236 A 0.9393 0.3843 0.00905 13.99 14.00
28 29 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 11.20 0.005 0.04 0.042 0.0226 A 0.9790 0.3663 0.00828 13.96 13.97
29 30 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.95 0.005 0.04 0.040 0.0217 A 1.0213 0.3477 0.00753 13.93 13.94
30 31 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.70 0.005 0.04 0.039 0.0207 A 1.0666 0.3284 0.00681 13.91 13.92
31 32 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.45 0.005 0.04 0.037 0.0198 A 1.1149 0.3086 0.00612 13.88 13.89
32 33 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 10.19 0.005 0.03 0.035 0.0190 A 1.1667 0.2881 0.00546 13.86 13.86
33 34 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 9.94 0.005 0.03 0.034 0.0181 A 1.2224 0.2669 0.00483 13.83 13.84
34 35 88.5 84.1 1.50 0.0221 9.69 0.005 0.03 0.032 0.0173 A 1.2822 0.2452 0.00423 13.81 13.81
35 36 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 9.43 0.007 0.08 0.078 0.0421 A 0.5257 0.6044 0.02544 13.76 13.79
36 37 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 9.18 0.007 0.07 0.074 0.0400 A 0.5528 0.5880 0.02353 13.72 13.75
37 38 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.93 0.007 0.07 0.071 0.0380 A 0.5822 0.5705 0.02168 13.69 13.71
38 39 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.68 0.007 0.07 0.067 0.0360 A 0.6140 0.5520 0.01989 13.65 13.67
39 40 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.42 0.007 0.06 0.063 0.0341 A 0.6487 0.5323 0.01815 13.61 13.63
40 41 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 8.17 0.007 0.06 0.060 0.0322 A 0.6864 0.5114 0.01648 13.58 13.60
41 42 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.92 0.007 0.06 0.057 0.0304 A 0.7276 0.4891 0.01487 13.55 13.56
42 43 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.67 0.007 0.05 0.053 0.0286 A 0.7727 0.4655 0.01333 13.51 13.53
43 44 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.41 0.007 0.05 0.050 0.0269 A 0.8223 0.4403 0.01185 13.48 13.50
44 45 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 7.16 0.007 0.05 0.047 0.0252 A 0.8769 0.4136 0.01043 13.45 13.46
45 46 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.91 0.007 0.04 0.044 0.0236 A 0.9374 0.3852 0.00909 13.43 13.44
46 47 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.65 0.007 0.04 0.041 0.0220 A 1.0045 0.3550 0.00782 13.40 13.41
47 48 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.40 0.007 0.04 0.038 0.0205 A 1.0793 0.3232 0.00662 13.37 13.38
48 49 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 6.15 0.007 0.03 0.035 0.0190 A 1.1630 0.2895 0.00551 13.35 13.35
49 50 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.90 0.007 0.03 0.033 0.0176 B 1.2571 0.2542 0.00447 13.29 13.33
50 51 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.64 0.007 0.03 0.030 0.0162 B 1.3635 0.2174 0.00353 13.27 13.30
51 52 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.39 0.007 0.03 0.028 0.0149 B 1.4845 0.1793 0.00267 13.24 13.28
52 53 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 5.14 0.007 0.02 0.025 0.0136 B 1.6228 0.1407 0.00192 13.22 13.26
53 54 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.89 0.007 0.02 0.023 0.0124 B 1.7819 0.1023 0.00127 13.20 13.24
54 55 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.63 0.007 0.02 0.021 0.0113 B 1.9664 0.0657 0.00074 13.18 13.22
55 56 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.38 0.007 0.02 0.019 0.0101 B 2.1820 0.0333 0.00034 13.17 13.20
56 57 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 4.13 0.007 0.02 0.017 0.0091 B 2.4363 0.0086 7.8E-05 13.15 13.18
57 58 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.87 0.007 0.01 0.015 0.0081 B 2.7393 -0.0024 -2E-05 13.13 13.16
58 59 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.62 0.007 0.01 0.013 0.0071 B 3.1044 0.0094 6.7E-05 13.12 13.15
59 60 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.37 0.007 0.01 0.012 0.0062 B 3.5501 0.0593 0.00037 13.12 13.15
60 61 73 69.4 1.50 0.0221 3.12 0.007 0.01 0.010 0.0054 B 4.1024 0.1721 0.00093 13.12 13.14
61 62 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.86 0.010 0.02 0.024 0.0128 B 1.7340 0.1132 0.00144 13.11 13.15
62 63 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.61 0.010 0.02 0.020 0.0108 B 2.0581 0.0506 0.00054 13.12 13.15
63 64 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.36 0.010 0.02 0.017 0.0089 B 2.4857 0.0055 4.9E-05 13.12 13.15
64 65 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 2.11 0.010 0.01 0.013 0.0072 B 3.0673 0.0070 5.1E-05 13.12 13.15
65 66 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.85 0.010 0.01 0.011 0.0057 B 3.8881 0.1218 0.00069 13.12 13.14
66 67 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.60 0.010 0.01 0.008 0.0043 B 5.1031 0.5097 0.00221 13.12 13.14
67 68 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.35 0.010 0.01 0.006 0.0032 B 7.0188 1.5898 0.00501 13.12 13.14
68 69 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 1.10 0.010 0.00 0.004 0.0021 B 10.3163 4.612 0.00989 13.12 13.14
69 70 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.84 0.010 0.00 0.002 0.0013 B 16.7821 14.118 0.01861 13.12 13.14
70 71 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.59 0.010 0.00 0.001 0.0007 B 32.516 52.947 0.03603 13.12 13.14
71 72 60 56.4 1.50 0.0221 0.34 0.010 0.00 0.000 0.0002 B 91.768 339.85 0.08193 13.12 13.14

107.82 1.2979 1.74


Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf i < J'=A d/hf t' t' hf Hn Hm
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) i >= J'=B (m) (m) (m) (m)

VERIFICACION FINAL DE PRESIONES

DESCRIPCION ECUACIONES VALOR (m) CONDICION

Tolerancia de presiones en SUR H = 2.5 (ha - hns) = Hl + Hd 3.23


Tolerancia de presiones en Laterales Hl = hm - hn = 0.68 : (OK) CUMPLE
2.62
Tolerancia de presiones en Distribuidores Hd = Hm - Hn = 1.94

RESUMEN DEL DISTRIBUIDOR


Diam .Candidatos Long. Cant Und Clase
3" 84.1 52.66 10.53 Pzs 5
2.5" 69.4 39.12 7.82 Pzs 5
2" 56.4 122.86 24.57 Pzs 5
Total 91.77 18.35 Pzs 5

SISTEMA DE RIEGO A PRESION


C) DISEO DE TUBERIA SECUNDARIA:

Datos de diseo :
Caudal Terciario : qs (l/s) 18.28 l/s 65803 l/h
Esp. Distribuid :Sd ( m) 122 m.
Long. distribuidor: l ( m) 683.37 m.
Coef. Para tub. PVC : C 150
P. Entrada Terciaria: Hm = 15.06 m.
Clculos previos:
Pendiente ( i ) = 0.00267
m (F. Hanzen-Williams) 1.8552
N salidas :n 12
Caudal Secundario ( l/s) 36.56 l/s 131606 l/h
F ( n, lo=Se) 0.393
fe (m) de tabla =18.91*d^(-1.87) Condicin = Hm-Hn < H = 50.00 m

Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf K(V)^2/2g Hn Hm h Veloc.


Observaciones
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) hm-hn (m/s)
7 6 168 159.8 65.66 0.18 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 1.0744 0.16951 24.35 25.42 1.07 1.82
6 5 168 159.8 121.31 0.32 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 1.9852 0.16934 22.52 24.35 1.83 1.82
5 4 168 159.8 126.31 0.34 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 2.0670 0.16934 20.62 22.52 1.90 1.82
4 3 168 159.8 121.31 0.32 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 1.9852 0.16934 18.79 20.62 1.83 1.82
3 2 168 159.8 126.31 0.34 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 2.0670 0.16934 16.89 18.79 1.90 1.82
2 1 168 159.8 121.31 0.32 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 1.9852 0.16934 15.06 16.89 1.83 1.82
682.21 1.82 11.16 1.02 0.00 : (OK) Existe presin

NOTA: La prdida de carga se calcula solo con J, no se considera J'; pues las salidas mltiples no funcionan simultaneamente.Se considera las prdidas por accesorios.

RESUMEN DEL TUBO SECUNDARIO:


Diam .Candidatos Long. Cant Und Clase
6" 159.8 682.21 136.44 Pzs 5
Total 682.21 136.44 Pzs
SISTEMA DE RIEGO A PRESION

D) DISEO DE TUBERIA PRINCIPAL:

Datos de diseo :
Caudal Secundaria : qs (l/ 36.56 l/s 131606 l/h
Esp. Secundario :Ss ( m) 176 m.
Long. distribuidor: l ( m) 786.24 m.
Coef. Para tub. PVC : C 150
P. Entrada Secundario: H 25.42 m.
Clculos previos:
Pendiente ( i ) = 0.0027
m (F. Hanzen-Williams) 1.8552
N salidas : n 4
Caudal Principal ( l/s) 36.56 l/s 131606 l/h
F ( n, lo=Se) 0.485
fe (m) de tabla =18.91*d^(-1.87) Condicin = Hm-Hn < H = 50.00 m

Tramo Diametro Candidatos Long. Desnivel Caudal fe J J' hf K(V)^2/2g Hn Hm h Veloc.


Observaciones
de a e (mm) i (mm) (m) (m) ( l/s ) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) hm-hn (m/s)
0 1 168 159.8 0.00 0.00 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 0.0000 0.3390 36.86 37.20 0.34 1.82
1 28 168 159.8 115.32 0.31 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 1.8872 0.16934 35.12 36.86 1.75 1.82
28 21 168 159.8 223.64 0.60 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 3.6598 0.16934 31.88 35.12 3.23 1.82
21 14 168 159.8 223.64 0.60 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 3.6598 0.16934 28.65 31.88 3.23 1.82
14 7 168 159.8 223.64 0.60 36.56 0.001 0.02 0.000 3.6598 0.16934 25.42 28.65 3.23 1.82
786.24 2.10 12.87 1.02 0.00 : (OK) Existe presin

NOTA: La prdida de carga se calcula solo con J, no se considera J'; pues las salidas mltiples no funcionan simultaneamente.Se considera las prdidas por accesorios.
RESUMEN DEL TUBO PRINCIPAL:
Diam .Candidatos Long. Cant Und Clase
6" 159.8 786.24 157.25 Pzs 7.5
Total 786.24 157.25 Pzs
1/(D/1000)^(2.63)))^(1/0.54)

V = 0.8494*C*R^0.63S^0.54
EQUIVALENCIAS DE
Pulg. (mm)
20
n 25
1 32
1 " 40
1 50
Lateral 2 63
2 75
3 90
4 110
5 125
6 140
Copyright -2001 ELRIEGO.COM

Observaciones
(OK) Existe presin

0.357(-d/hf)^(1.57) Pag: 429 Pizarro

h Veloc. Observaciones
hm-hn (m/s)
0.03 3.29
0.04 3.25
0.04 3.20
0.03 3.15
0.03 3.11
0.03 3.06
0.03 3.02
0.03 2.97
0.03 2.93
0.03 2.88
0.03 2.84
0.02 2.79
0.02 2.74
0.02 2.70
0.02 2.65
0.02 2.61
0.02 2.56
0.02 2.52
0.02 2.47
0.02 2.43
0.02 2.38
0.01 2.34
0.01 2.29
0.01 2.24
0.01 2.20
0.01 2.15
0.01 2.11
0.01 2.06
0.01 2.02
0.01 1.97
0.01 1.93
0.01 1.88
0.01 1.83
0.00 1.79
0.00 1.74
0.03 2.49
0.02 2.43
0.02 2.36
0.02 2.29
0.02 2.23
0.02 2.16
0.01 2.09
0.01 2.03
0.01 1.96
0.01 1.89
0.01 1.83
0.01 1.76
0.01 1.69
0.01 1.63
0.04 1.56
0.04 1.49
0.04 1.43
0.04 1.36
0.03 1.29
0.03 1.22
0.03 1.16
0.03 1.09
0.03 1.02
0.03 0.96
0.03 0.89
0.03 0.82
0.03 1.15
0.03 1.05
0.03 0.94
0.03 0.84
0.03 0.74
0.03 0.64
0.03 0.54
0.02 0.44
0.02 0.34
0.02 0.24
0.02 0.13

1.94 : (OK) Existe presin


h Veloc.
(m/s)
Observaciones

prdidas por accesorios.


Observaciones

prdidas por accesorios.