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Cross Sectors: You have this situation when at BTS level or Tower Level the

cableling are wrong connected to an especific Antenna array,that means, as


an example, Sector A is connected to Sector B or C Antenna of the cell, this
is a common issue in installation process, and the affectation is the
interference due Frequency Plan.

Cross Feeders: This can occurs when 1 feeder (of 2 or more from 1 sector)
are connected to an antenna of other sector, this problem may cause high
dropped calls and stablishment failures deppending if it carries BCCH or
SDCCH channels, this can occurs at Installation process or Capacity
Expansion

Both problems can be founded by Drive Test and Statistical ways,


anyone who have more idea and solution for finding the cross feeder and
cross sector is welcomed.
pl add reputation and thanks if found useful.

Ok guys seems like all of you above dont have a good concept of cross
feeders or cross sectors. I will try to make you guys understand in a
simplest language, also you can see the pictures which i made for your
understand.

In Mobile communications, cross feeders or cross sectors is generally named


as a Swap or cable swap. Cable Swap have many types and and i have
shown a few of them for your understandings. Please find below the
description of few types of cable swap:

1. Sector Swap or Cross Sectors: Every Antenna is connected with 2


cables called feeders. If the feeders of 1 sector is interchanged with the
other sector then this is called a sector swap or cross sectors. It means that
the sectors will behave differently, for example 1st sector and 2nd sectors
cables are swapped then 1st Sector will behave as a 2nd Sector and vice
versa. Diagram is shown for your understanding.

2. Antenna Swap: If we have two or more antenna in each sector then


there is always a possibility of having an Antenna Swap. It means that the
feeders of a single Antenna Can be swapped with the other antenna. This
can happen between sectors and also in a same sector.
3. Partial Swap or Cross Feeder: In this type of swap we observe that a
single cable (out of 2) in 1 antenna gets swapped with the single cable of
another antenna. This can again happen within the same sector or between
sectors. Again see the Diagram for your understandings.

4. Cross Swap: Cross swap is the most difficult type of swap that exists, it
means that all the three sectors are actually partially swapped. which means
that single feeder in each antenna gets swapped with the other feeder in
another antenna. It can happen between 900/1800/2100 Antenna
altogether.
Cross sector is easy to find,here i explain cross feeder(cross feeder TCH
trx only,if it is a Cross feeder BCCH trx, it is believed to be Cross sector
although still its cross feeder,you need to rectify it)

for a drive tester to test it(before going to BTS and arranging a cable trace):
the site should have atleast 2 trx each sector without combiner,(combiner
bypassed)each trx connected to seperate antenna port.
now go into main beam of the suspected sector,make calls on all the trx it
has,
first BCCH trx,note the Rxlevel,disable downlink power control before making
the tests if you can.
than TCH trxs of the same sector,distinguish them with their differnt MAIO
values,again note Rxlevel of all these trx.it should be same in ideal
conditions but if there is cross feeder it would be different,the trx connected
to(feeder swapped) different sector antenna will show alot lower Rxlevel
then others, being transmitted in different direction as it is connected to
some different antenna,now if you lock the call on that feeder swapped trx
on which you are getting 20 - 30 dB less level and go around the site,it'll
show better level in some different sector in which it is swapped to.
same way try other sectors and trx too.its somewhat complicated and time
consuming but can serve the purpose before going to BTS.

now if there are 2 or 3 trx per sector and combining is used,drive tester cant
figure out the cross feeder since the crossed feeder has no transmission
assosiated with it.it only serve as RX diversity.till the time anyone get that
much experiance to figure it out,he is not a drive tester anymore.

Now for optimisers. it'll effect handovers,call establishments,SDCCH


assignments.if you look at sector wise and trx wise reports.the crossed trx
would cause maximum number of call drops HO failures, SD failures if SD is
assigned on those Trx.and other services being served by those trx.
the performance of those trx degrade with TA,more the TA worst it would
be.
Handovers based on Rxlevel can fail and result in a dropped call if the
timeslot is reserved on the crossed trx,although the Rxlevel of BCCH was
good enough to trigger a handover but since the trx on which the TCH
timeslot for that call is allotted is transmitting in some different direction and
the power in too less in the direction where the handover is being
performed,either it will fail or drop.
same way while establishing a call when latched to the effected sector,if the
call is matured on crossed trx it may drop or sustain after intracell
handover.and if SD is assigned on crossed trx,it'll cause more problems.
Diversity gain is reduced as well.
and much more,find such cells and have detailed study for more information
on the system you are working on.
its based on my experiance,correct me if im wrong