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Gas Leak Detector "PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a gas leak detector capable of

efficiently maintaining a gas pipe buried in a road surface.

SOLUTION: A gas leak detector 10 includes: an irradiation unit 54 that is installed in a vehicle 20
and radiates a laser beam to each of a plurality of positions on a road surface; a light receiving
unit 56 for receiving reflected laser beams reflected at the plurality of positions, of the laser
beams radiated from the irradiation unit 54; and a detection unit 58 for detecting the
presence/absence of a gas component at each of the plurality of positions, on the basis of the
light reception intensity of each of the reflected laser beams received by the light receiving unit
56.

SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1"

Device And Method For Quantification Of Gases In Plumes By Remote Sensing In one aspect, the
present invention relates to a device quantifying absolute amounts of ingredients of a plume. In
one embodiment, the device comprises a source for emitting a beam of light and transmitting the
emitted light through the plume to a surface on which the transmitted light is scattered, a
detector for acquiring an image of the exhaust plume, the acquired image containing information
of absorption of the scattered light scattered from the surface, and a processor for processing the
acquired image to determine an absolute amount of at least one of components of the exhaust
plume.

Leak Detection System With Background Compensation An improved leak detection system
(10) of the differential absorption type is provided for identifying gas leaks in a test object (12),
wherein the improved system (10) provides enhanced resolution and accuracy by compensating
for the effects of background gases and the like along the image path. The system utilizes a video
camera (18) to generate images of the test object (12) which has been pressurized with a
selected gas (14) having strong absorption properties with respect to an illuminating light source
(16) of a selected wavelength. Since the absorption bandwidth of the test gas (14) varies with
temperature, the gas is preconditioned as by heating such that the temperature of gas leaking to
the exterior of the test object (12) will vary with proximity to the test object. The camera (18)
observes the pressurized test object in sequence through filters (30, 32) of narrow and broad
bandwidth to generate a pair of images which can be electronically compared to isolate upon the
test gas (14) located substantially at a specific leakage site or sites on the test object.

Method For Mapping a Natural Gas Leak A system is described that is suitable for use in
determining the location of leaks of gases having a background concentration. The system is a
point-wise backscatter absorption gas measurement system that measures absorption and
distance to each point of an image. The absorption measurement provides an indication of the
total amount of a gas of interest, and the distance provides an estimate of the background
concentration of gas. The distance is measured from the time-of-flight of laser pulse that is
generated along with the absorption measurement light. The measurements are formatted into
an image of the presence of gas in excess of the background. Alternatively, an image of the scene
is superimposed on the image of the gas to aid in locating leaks. By further modeling excess gas
as a plume having a known concentration profile, the present system provides an estimate of the
maximum concentration of the gas of interest.

Method For Monitoring Fugitive Gas Emissions From The Soil, Via Vertical Concentration
Measurements Method for the quantification of the fugitive gas flow from a dispersed source
(A) by monitoring with a remote detection optical instrument mounted on an aircraft (UAV)
which moves at a determined height along a plane (S) perpendicular to the direction of the wind
field (u), such wind field being known through suitable positioning of meteorological stations
within and in areas neighboring the site to be monitored according to known techniques and use
of commercially available diagnostic meteorological models. By this instrument discrete vertical
measurements are carried out of the fugitive gas concentration averaged over said height along
the whole width (W) of the plane (S) to yield corresponding mean vertical concentration values
and, according to mean wind speed values detected at said discrete vertical measurements, a
value of the fugitive gas flow (Q) is obtained by integrating the product of the mean vertical
concentration values and of the corresponding mean wind speed values with respect to the
surface of the sampling plane (S). The obtained value of the fugitive gas flow (Q) is corrected by a
corrective factor (a) obtainable by comparing concentration values obtained by direct
measurements and values calculated by dispersion models.

Apparatus And Method For Detecting a Gas Using An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle A gas detection
apparatus mountable to an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) comprises a transceiver module, a
reflector module and an electronics module. The transceiver module comprises a laser emitter
and a laser receiver; the laser emitter is tunable to emit a laser spectroscopy beam that can
detect at least one target gas, and the laser receiver is configured to convert the laser
spectroscopy beam into absorption spectroscopy measurement data. The reflector module
comprises a reflective surface capable of reflecting the laser spectroscopy beam emitted by the
laser emitter to the laser receiver. The transceiver and reflector modules are mountable on parts
of the UAV such that the transceiver and reflector modules are spaced apart and the laser
emitter and laser receiver have an unimpeded line of sight with the reflecting surface. The
electronics module is communicative with the transceiver module and with a flight computer of
the UAV, and comprises a gas detection program that determines a concentration of the target
gas from the measurement data received from the transceiver module; when the determined
concentration of the target gas meets or exceeds an alarm threshold, the program records the
received measurement data and instructs the flight computer to execute a defined flight plan for
the UAV.