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# ASSIGNMENT

IN

MATH208

JOHN LESTER B. GO
TA16
Function
*A function is a special relationship where each input has a single output.
It is often written as "f(x)" where x is the input value.
Example: f(x) = x/2 ("f of x is x divided by 2") is a function, because each input "x" has a single output "x/2":
f(2) = 1
f(16) = 8
f(10) = 5

INVERSE FUNCTION
*In mathematics, an inverse function is a function that "reverses" another function: if the function f applied to an input
x gives a result of y, then applying its inverse functiong to y gives the result x, and vice versa.

CODOMAIN
*a set that includes all the possible values of a given function.

DOMAIN
*The domain of a function is the complete set of possible values of the independent variable. In plain English, this
definition means: The domain is the set of all possible x-values which will make the function "work", and will output real y-
values.

RANGE
*The difference between the lowest and highest values. In {4, 6, 9, 3, 7} the lowest value is 3, and the highest is 9, so
the range is 9 3 = 6. Range can also mean all the output values of a function. See:Range of a function.
The Range (Statistics)

INVERSE FUNCTION
*In mathematics, an inverse function is a function that "reverses" another function: if the function f applied to an input
x gives a result of y, then applying its inverse function g to y gives the result x, and vice versa. i.e., f(x) = y if and only if
g(y) = x.

Types of Functions
Constant Function:
Let A and B be any two nonempty sets, then a function ff from A to B is called a constant function if and only if the
range of ff is a singleton.
Algebraic Function:
A function defined by an algebraic expression is called an algebraic function.
e.g. f(x)=x2+3x+6f(x)=x2+3x+6
Polynomial Function:
A function of the form P(x)=amxn+an1xn1++a1x+a0P(x)=amxn+an1xn1++a1x+a0
where n is a positive integer and an,an1,,a1,a0an,an1,,a1,a0 are real numbers is called a polynomial function of
degree n.
Linear Function:
A polynomial function with degree tt is called a linear function. The most general form of a linear function is
f(x)=ax+bf(x)=ax+b
A polynomial function with degree 2 is called a quadratic function. The most general form of a quadratic equation
is f(x)=ax2+bx+cf(x)=ax2+bx+c
Cubic Function:
A polynomial function with degree 3 is called a cubic function. The most general form of a cubic function
is f(x)=ax3+bx2+cx+df(x)=ax3+bx2+cx+d
Identity Function:
Let f:ABf:AB be a function then ff is called an identity function if f(x)=x,xAf(x)=x,xA.
Rational Function:
A function R(x)R(x) defined by R(x)=P(x)Q(x)R(x)=P(x)Q(x), where both P(x)P(x)andQ(x)Q(x) are polynomial functions is
called a rational function.
Trigonometric Function:
A function f(x)=sinxf(x)=sinx, f(x)=cosxf(x)=cosx etc., then f(x)f(x) is called a trigonometric function.
Exponential Function:
A function in which the variable appears as an exponent (power) is called an exponential function
e.g. (i) f(x)=axf(x)=ax (ii) f(x)=3xf(x)=3x.

SUBJECTIVE
*Subjective probability is a probability derived from an individual's personal judgment about whether a specific outcome is
likely to occur. It contains no formal calculations and only reflects the subject's opinions and past experience.