Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L 1778 m 0757b70 0604840 T73 m

Special Addenda
to
ASME PTC 25-1994
Pressure Relief Devices

This 1998 Special Addenda to ASMEPTC 25-1994, Pressure ReliefDevices,isissued to revise


portions of this Code as it pertains to the performance testingof rupture disk devices. It reflects the
current industry-accepted terms and performance characteristics of these devicesas used in ASME
accreditation programs. The American National Standards Institute approved this document on
March 19,1998.

Replace the pages listed. The pages not listed are the reverse sides of the listed pages and contain
no changes.

Page
viii vii, Contents Updated
Addenda
to reflect
7 10 7- Definition for flow resistance added
2.8 (1) Definitions for f and G revised
(2) Definitions for HL BC and L, deleted
(3) Definitions for KC.Dand KE+
redesignated as KEc and Kc.D,
respectively
(4) Definitions for Kpip Rc, Kpip E D , K R ,
KED, LRD,UA-B, UB-C, and MC-D
added
18 Fig. 4 Revised
19 Fig. 5 Revised
Fig 6 Revised
32 4.9 Title revised
4.9.1 First paragraph revised
33 Fig. 9 Revised
34 4.9.4 (1) Title revised
(2) Subparagraphs (a) and (b) revised
Subsubparagraphs (d)(l), (d)(2), and
(d)(6) through (d)(9) revised
4.9.5 Title revised
Subparagraphs (a) and (b) revised
Subsubparagraphs (d)(l), (d)(2), and
(d)(5) through (d)(8) revised
37 5.5.7 Title revised
Revised in its entirety
47, 48 Form 5.5.7 Subtitle revised
Step (6) revised
Steps (13) through (17) revised
Steps (34) and (35) revised
Step (37) deleted

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 2 5 S P E C I AALD D E N D A - E N G L L998 0759b70 Ob04841 90T

CONTENTS

...
Foreward ................................................................................................................................... 111
Committee Roster .................................................................................................................. V

O Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1
1 Object and Scope ......................................................................................................... 1
2 Definitions and Description of Terms ..................................................................... 3

Part I-Flow Capacity Testing


3 Guiding Principles ......................................................................................................... 11
4 Instruments and Methods of Measurements ....................................................... 15
5 Computations of Results ............................................................................................ 35
6 Test Summary Report Form ..................................................................................... 49

Part Il-ln-Service and Bench Testing


3 Guiding Principles ......................................................................................................... 55
4 Instruments and Methods of Measurements ....................................................... 57
5 Computations of Results ............................................................................................ 65
6 Test Summary Report Form ..................................................................................... 65

Figures
1 Typical Curtain Areas of Pressure Relief Valves .................................................
6
2 Recommended Arrangements for Testing Devices With Atmospheric Back
Pressure-Flow-Meter Test Arrangement ..........................................................
17
3 Recommended Arrangements for Testing Devices With Atmospheric Back
Pressure-Weighed-Condensate Test Arrangement .......................................
17
4 Recommended Arrangements for Testing Devices With Atmospheric Back
Pressure-Weighed-Water Test Arrangement ..................................................
18
5 Recommended Discharge Arrangements for Testing Devices With Super-
imposed Back Pressure ............................................................................................
19
6 Recommended Discharge Arrangements for Testing Devices With Built-up
BackPressure .............................................................................................................. 19
7 Recommended Internal Contours of Fittings. Adapter. and Reducers
Between Test Vessel and Test Device ................................................................
20
8 Recommended Arrangement for Testing Non-Reclosing Pressure Relief
Devices in Combination With Pressure Relief Valves ..................................... 21
9 Recommended Arrangements for Testing RuptureDisk Device Flow
Resistance .................................................................................................................... 33
10 Recommended Arrangement for Testing Valves With Compressible Fluids 60
11 Recommended Arrangement for TestingValves With IncompressibleFluids 61
12 Pilot Operated Pressure Relief Valve Field Test Accessory ............................. 62
vii

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 0757b70 Ob048q2 8qb m

Forms
5.5.1 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Steam and Water-Observed Data
and Computed Results-Weighed-Water Method ...................................... 38
5.5.2 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Steam-Observed Data and Com-
puted Results-Flow-Meter Method ............................................................... 39
5.5.3 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Liquids-Observed Data and
Computed Results-Flow-Meter Method ...................................................... 41
5.5.4 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Air or Gas-Observed Data and
Computed Results-Flow-Meter Method ...................................................... 42
5.5.5 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Air or Gas-Observed Data and
Computed Results-Weighed-Water Method .............................................. 44
5.5.6 Pressure Relief Device Tested With Fuel Gas-Observed Data and Com-
puted Results-Flow-Meter Method ............................................................... 45
5.5.7 Rupture Disk Device Tested With Air-Observed Data and Computed
Results-Flow Resistance ...........................................,...........................,.......... 47
6.5.1 Pressure and Relief Valve performance Test Report-Steam .......... 51
6.5.2 Pressure and Relief Valve Performance Test Report-Liquids and Water 52
6.5.3 Pressure and Relief Valve Performance Test Report-Air, Gas, or
Fuel Gas ................................................................................................................... 53
6.5.4 Rupture Disk Device Performance Test Report-Air, Gas, or Fuel Gas .. 54

Appendices
I SI (Metric)Units and Conversion Factors ............................................................... 67
II Examples ofDeterminingFlow Rate Uncertainties ............................................. 69
A References ....................................................................................................................... 74

Tables
IA .............................................................................................................
SI (Metric)Units 67
IB Commonly UsedConversion Factors ...................................................................... 68
11-1 TableofUncertainty Parameters ............................................................................. 71

viii

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C Z5 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 m 0757b70 Ob04843 7 8 2

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES ASME PTC 25-1994

built-up backpressure - pressureexisting at the marked relieving capacity - see rated relieving ca-
outlet ofa pressurerelief devicecaused by theflow pacity
through that particular device into a discharge sys- measured relieving capacity - the relieving capac-
tem ity of a pressurerelief device measured at the flow-
burst pressure - the value of inlet static pressure rating pressure,expressed in gravimetricorvolu-
at which a rupture disk device functions metric units
chatter - abnormal rapid reciprocating motion of opening pressure - the value of increasing inlet
the movableparts of a pressurerelief valvein which static pressure of a pressure relief valve at which
the disk contacts the seat there is a measurable lift, or at which thedischarge
closing pressure - the value of decreasing inlet becomes continuous as determined by seeing, feel-
disk reestablishes
static pressure at which the valve ing, or hearing
contact withthe seat or atwhich lift becomes zero -
overpressure apressureincreaseover the set
coefficient of discharge - the ratio the
of measured pressure of a pressure
relief valve, usually expressed
relieving capacity to the theoretical relieving ca- as a percentage of set pressure
pacity popping pressure - the value of increasing inlet
colddifferential testpressure - the inletstatic pres- static pressure at which thedisk moves in the open-
sure at which a pressure relief valve is adjusted t o ing direction at a faster rate as compared with cor-
open on the test stand. This test pressure includes responding movement at higher or lower pressures
corrections for service conditions of superimposed primary pressure - the pressure at the inlet in a
back pressure and/or temperature pressure relief device
constantbackpressure - asuperimposed back rated relieving capacity - that portion of the meas-
pressure which is constant with time ured relieving capacity permitted by the applicable
cracking pressure - see opening pressure codeor regulation t o be used as abasis for the
flow capacity - see measured relieving capacity application of a pressure relief device
reference conditions - those conditions of a test
flow-rating pressure - the inlet static pressure at
medium which are specified by either an applicable
which the relieving capacity ofa pressure relief de-
standard or an agreement between the parties t o
vice i s measured
the test, which may be used for uniform reporting
flow resistance - adimensionless term (such as of measured flow test results
used in para. 5.5.7)which expresses the number of relieving pressure - set pressure plus overpressure
velocity heads lost due to flow through a rupture
resealing pressure - the value of decreasing inlet
disk device (where velocity head is onehalf the v e
static pressure at which no further leakage is d e
locity squared divided by the acceleration of grav-
tected after closing. The method of detection may
ity)
beaspecified water seal on the outlet or other
flutter - abnormal, rapid reciprocating motion of means appropriate for this application.
the movableparts of a pressurerelief valvein which
reseating pressure - see closing pressure
the disk does not contact the seat
seal-off pressure - see resealing pressure
leak pressure - see start-to-leak pressure
secondarypressure - the pressure existing in the
leak test pressure -the specified inlet static pres- passage between the actual discharge area and the
sure at which a quantitative seatleakage test is valve outlet in a safety, safety relief, or relief valve
performed in accordance with a standardprocedure
setpressure - the value of increasing inlet static
marked breaking pressure - the value of pressure pressure at which a pressure relief device displays
marked on a breaking pin or a shear pin device or oneofthe operational characteristics as defined
its nameplate under opening pressure, popping pressure, start-te
marked burst pressure - the value of pressure leak pressure, burst pressure, or breaking pressure.
marked on the rupture disk device or its nameplate (The applicable operating characteristic for a spe-
or on the tag of the rupture disk and indicates the cific device design is specified by the device man-
burst pressure at the coincident disk temperature ufacturer.)
marked set pressure - the value or values of pres- simmer - the audible or visibleescape of fluid b e
sure marked on a pressure relief device tween the seat and disk at an inlet static pressure
7

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
STD.ASME PTC 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 m 0759b70 O b O q 8 4 4 bL7 m

ASME PTC 25-1994 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES

below the popping pressure and at no measurable /=Valvedisk lift, in.


capacity. It applies to safety or safety relief valves m=Mass flow rate, Ibm/hr
on compressible-fluid service. qb=Volumetric rate at base condition at
specified burst pressure (ofa rupture disk device) - the meter, cfm
the value of increasing inlet static pressure, at a q,=Valve capacity atreference inlet tem-
specified temperature, at which a rupture disk is perature, cfm
designed to function t=Length of test, min
start-todischarge pressure - see opening pressure v=Specific volume, ft3/lbm
start-toleak pressure - the value of increasing inlet w=Mass of wateror condensate, Ibm (W)
static pressure at whichthe first bubble occurs when
w,~ =Valvesteam leakage, Ibm/hr
a pressure relief valve is tested by means of air under
a specified waterseal on the outlet wl, =Condenser leakage, Ibm/hr
superimposed back pressure - the static pressure W&=Testdrum drainage, Ibm/hr
existing at the outlet of a pressure relief device at
the time the device is required t o operate. It is the C= Valve inlet temperature correction
result of pressure in thedischarge systemfrom other C= Discharge coefficient, dimensionless
sources. Ctap= Sonic velocity at pressure tap, ft/sec
-
test pressure see relieving pressure D=lnternal diameter of meter run pipe,
theoretical relieving capacity - the computed ca- in.
pacity expressed in gravimetric or volumetric units D=Test rig inside diameter, f t
of a theoretically perfect nozzle having a minimum D= Internal diameter of meter run pipe,
cross-sectional flow area equal to the actual dis- in.
charge area of a pressure relief valve or relief area E = Pipe roughness, in.
of a non-reclosing pressure relief device
F, = Thermal expansion number, dimen-
vapor-tight pressure - see resealing pressure sionless
variable back pressure - a superimposed back F, =Area factor for thermalexpansion, Fa
pressure that will vary with time
G= Mass velocity, Ibm/ft2-sec
warn - see simmer
C=Specific gravity with respect to dry
yield(me1t)ternperature - the temperature atwhich M
the fusible material of a fusible plug becomesdevice air, -
Ma
sufficiently soft to extrude from its holder and re-
K= Flow coefficient
lieve pressure
K,=Trial flow coefficient
KPiw R = Pipe resistance factor between pres-
2.8 DESCRIPTION OF TERMS sure taps B and C without the rupture
a = Actual discharge area, disk device
a=Minimum net flow area in.2 KPip ED= Pipe resistance factor between pres-
sure tapsB and D without the rupture
a, = Meter-bore area, in.2
disk device
p=Water density, Ibm per CU f t
KR= Individual flow resistance
d= Meter-bore diameter, in.
Ktap=Total resistance factor topressure tap
= Meter-bore diametersquared, in.*
KA-B= Resistance factor between pressure
db=Minimum holder bore diameter, in.
taps A and B
db= Bore diameter, in.
KR = Resistance factor between pressure
do=Diameter of orifice plate, in. taps B and C
d,= Seat diameter, in. KED= Resistance factor between pressure
f = Fanning friction factor, dimensionless taps B and D
h,= Differential pressure at the meter, KC-D= Resistance factor between pressure
inches of water taps C and D
k = Ratio of specific heats LA+= Length between tap A and B, f t
8

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 0757b70 ObOq845 555

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES ASME .PTC .25-1994

L= = Length between tap B and C, f t Tc,,' Drum= Fluid temperature at the test drum
L BD = Length between tap B and D, f t calorimeter, "F
Lc.o= Length between tap C and D, f t TcaI,me,er = Fluid temperature at the meter
calorimeter, "F
M=Molecular weight of gas
Ttap=Temperature at pressure tap, "R
M, =Mach number at pipe entrance
TB= Base temperature, "F
M, = Molecular weight of air
,V
,, = Specific volume at inlet conditions,
M= , Molecular weight, M W
f t3/l
bm
M,,,=Mach number at pressure tap
Va,,# =Specific volume atinlet conditions,
NR,= Reynolds number
ft3/lbm
P= Static pressure, psia Vact,meter= Specific volume at flowing conditions
f, = Pressure at pipe entrance at the meter, ft3/lbm
Pb= Barometric pressure, psia Vref=Specific volume at reference condi-
P,= Static pressure at the meter calori- tion, ft3/lbm
meter, psia ,V, Drum = Specific volume at reference condi-
P,,, = Set pressure, psig tion, ft3/lbm
Pr= Flow rating pressure, psia Vref,meter= Specific volume at reference condi-
P,= Back pressure, psig tions at the meter, ft3/lbm
PB= Base pressure, psia V,,, = Specific volume at pressure tap,
P,=Meter inlet stagnation pressure, psia f t3/lbm
W= Measured relieving capacity,
PUPA=Pressure Q tap A, psia lbmlsec
P,,,*= Pressure Q tap B, psia
W,=Measured relieving capacity adjusted
PtapC= Pressure Q tap C, psia to the reference condition, lbmlhr
PUpD= Pressure Q tap D, psia Wcal,drum=Test-drum calorimeter flow adjusted
Q= Relieving capacityin gpm of water at to the reference condition, Ibm/hr
reference condition, (US. gallons) Weal, meter = Meter calorimeter flow adjusted to
kpml the reference condition, Ibm/hr
R= Gas constant, 1545.4/M, ft-lbf/lbm-"R Wdc=Test-drum calorimeter flow, Ibm/hr
Rd=Throat Reynolds number Wh= Flow rate, lbm/hr
S,= Specific gravity (ideal) Wh=MeaSured relieving capacityadjusted
T=Temperature, "R to the reference condition, Ibm/hr
T = Fluid temperature, "F W,,=Meter calorimeter flow, lbmlhr
T, =Temperature at pipe entrance W,= Relieving capacity adjusted t o water
Tb= Base temperature, absolute, "R at reference condition, Ibm/hr
T,,,=Fluid temperature at the meter, "F N',=Trial flow rate, Ibm/hr
T,=Temperature upstream of the meter, Y= Expansion factor
"F Ytap= Expansion factor at pressure tap
T,= Base temperature, "R Z=Compressibility factor as defined in
T,= Fluid temperature, "F the equation of state, PV=ZRT.
T,= Meter inlet stagnation temperature, &= Base compressibility factor
absolute, "R
T,=Temperature at the valve inlet, 0 = Beta ratio (B = &D)
absolute, "R p = Water density, Ibm per CU f t
T,=Reference temperature at the valve pact= Density of water at inlet conditions,
inlet, absolute "R Ibm/ft3
Tc,,= Fluid temperature at theCalorimeter, p m = Fluid density at meter inlet, Ibm/ft3
"F p m = Density, Ibm/ft3

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME PTC 25-1994 PRESSURE R E L I E F DEVICES

pref= Density of water at reference condi-


tion, lbm/ft3
ps= Density of dry air at 14.696 psia and
at the base temperature, Ibm/ft3
pstd = Density of dry air at14.696 psia and
reference temperature, Ibm/ft3, (pst&
pB= Density at base temperature and
pressure
p = Viscosity, Ibmlft-sec
p=Viscosity of air at TBand Ta
(centipoise)
AP= Differential pressure head across
meter, inches water
APA-,= Differential pressure between taps A
and B, psia
APec = Differential pressure between taps B
and C,psia
APC-, = Differential pressure between taps C
and D, psia
&= Ideal gas sonic-flow functions

10

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L978 m 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Ob04847 328 m

PRESSURERELIEF DEVICES
PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASME PTC 25-1994

Control valve

calorimeter

calorimeter
for control valve v

FIG. 2 RECOMMENDED ARRANGEMENTSFOR'TESTINGDEVICES WITH ATMOSPHERIC BACK


PRESSURE- FLOWMETER TEST ARRANGEMENT

7
Lift indicator

Test device
I
, 4 J /
Outlet piping should be level or
slopedownward, with provision

Vent

Steam Vessel
calorimeter
r
I
-l Condenser

Gage glass W
Scale 7
FIG. 3 RECOMMENDED ARRANGEMENTSFORTESTINGDEVICES WITH ATMOSPHERIC
BACK PRESSURE- WEIGHED-CONDENSATE TEST ARRANGEMENT
17

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 m 0757b700b048482bll m

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 25-1994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

x Lift indicator

Test
device

See Fig. 2 for inlet


arrangement

Weighing tank D!
FIG. 4 RECOMMENDED ARRANGEMENTS FOR TESTINGDEVICES WITH ATMOSPHERIC
BACK PRESSURE- WEIGHED-WATER TEST ARRANGEMENT

18

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 m 0757b70 Ob04847 L T O m

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASME PTC 25-1994

Back pressure supply line

Quick-closing valve

Pressure

+To atmosphere,
receiver, or drain

FIG. 5 RECOMMENDED DISCHARGE ARRANGEMENTSFORTESTINGDEVICES WITH SUPER-


IMPOSED BACK PRESSURE

Lift indicator

Control valve
Test . Pressure
device

TO atmosphere,
receiver, or drain

See Fig. 2 for inlet


arrangement

FIG. 6 RECOMMENDED DISCHARGE ARRANGEMENTSFORTESTINGDEVICES WITH BUILT-UP


BACK PRESSURE

19

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 I0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Ob04850 712 m

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 25-1994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

For sketch (a) - If D g 30.75 DA, then RA 3 0.25 DA


I f DB < 0.75 DA, then R 3 0.25 Ds

For sketch (b) - If < 30 deg. and Dg < 0.75 DA, break all edges
For sketch (c) - If01 > 30 deg. and Dg < 0.75 DA, then R 30.25 DB
For sketch l d ) - If (Y < 30 deg. and DB 90.75 Da. then RA > 0.25 DA

GENERAL NOTE: In no case shall the size of the fitting exceed the size of the
connection onthe test vessel.

FIG. 7 RECOMMENDED INTERNAL CONTOURS OF FITTINGS, ADAPTER, AND REDUCERS


BETWEEN TEST VESSEL AND TEST DEVICE

20

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PRESSURERELIEF DEVICES
PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASME PTC 25-1994

4.7.7 Observation of Mechanical Characteris- valve when discharging at atmospheric back pres-
tics. During the tests with superimposed or built- sure. The valve shall be equipped with an atmos-
up back pressure, mechanical characteristics shall pheric discharge, as shown in Fig. 2. Test procedure
be observed by hearing, feeling, or seeing, and re- shall be in accordance with paras. 4.5.3 (a) through
corded during the flow test. If the valve chatters, (n), performing such portions of the procedure and
flutters, or does not reseat satisfactorily, such action recording such data as has been agreed upon.
shall be recorded. Upon agreement of all interested NOTE: The objectives of this portionof the test may
parties, the valve may be readjusted or repairedand be only to determine and record the set pressure
retested. When testing valves against back pressure, and closing pressureof the valve; andthe lift of the
any range in which the valve does not reach rated valve at the flow-rating pressure, when the valve is
lift at the flow-rating pressure shall be recorded. discharging to atmosphere. In this case, the portions
of paras. 4.5.3 (a) through (h) relating to capacity
4.7.8 Recording AdditionalData. Itmay be de- determination may be eliminated.
sirable or a requirement to record pressures other (b) Back-Pressure Test. Following the atmos-
than, or in addition to, those listed in para. 4.3.4. pheric back-pressure test, if performed, install the
Wherepossible,suchrecordedpressuresshall be discharge arrangement required byFig. 5 or 6, d e
identified in accordance withAppendix I. With pending on type of back pressure desired.
closed discharge systems, it is not possible to ob-
serve or record some characteristic pressures.
4.8.4 Testing With SuperimposedBack Pressure
[Fig. 5)
4.8 TESTING WITH LIQUIDS, WITH BACKPRES- (a) Adjust the backpressure on the valveand
SURE ABOVE ATMOSPHERIC discharge piping to the required value. Increase the
pressure at the valve inlet. During the pressure in-
4.8.1TestArrangements. Pressuresourcescanbe terval starting at 90% of the expected set pressure,
a pump or an accumulator of liquid, in combination the rate of pressure increase shall not exceed 2.0
with high-pressure compressed gas. Precautions shall psilsec, or whatever lesser rate of increase is nec-
be taken to ensure that pressure pulsations are re- essary for the accurate reading of the pressure. Ob-
duced toa minimum.Figure 2 shows a recom- serve and record the set pressure of the valve, the
mended test arrangement, up to and including the back pressure, and any other desired or pertinent
test valve. Figures 5 and 6 show discharge arrange characteristics.
ments, for testing with superimposed and built-up (b) Continue increasingthe pressure at the valve
backpressure,respectively. A flowmeter [para. inlet until the valve remains open. Observe the ac-
4.2.4(bX7)] shall be used in either case. Instrumen- tion of the valve. Graduallydecrease the inlet pres-
tation shall be suitably installed to indicate or re- sure until the valvecloses.Record the reseating
cord the following: pressure of the valve andthe back pressure.Observe
(a) liquid temperature; the action of the valve.
(b) flow-meter differential pressure;
(c) valveinlet pressure; NOTE: During (a) and (b) above, care shall be ex-
(d) backpressure. ercised to maintain the back pressure at as uniform
a value as possible.
(c) Repeat (a)and (b),recording set and reseating
4.8.2 Preliminary Tests. Preliminary tests maybe pressures,andbackpressure,untilall are estab-
permitted for testing and adjusting operation of the lished and stabilized.
test apparatus and/or valve being tested (see para. (cf) Establishandmaintainflow-ratingpressure
3.5). Such tests may be necessary to ensure the ab- untilflowinstrumentsandbackpressure gage in-
sence of leaks in the test apparatus and to ensure dicate a steady-state condition.
that all gas or air has been vented from the com- (e) Record the following:
ponent parts of the system. (7) valveinlet pressure;
(2) valvedisk lift;
4.8.3 Details of Procedure for Flow Measurement (3) liquid-inlet temperature;
( a ) AtmosphericBack-PressureTest. Testsmay (4) flow-meter differential pressure;
be conducted to determine the performance of t h e (5) back pressure.

31

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D * A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L998 m 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Ob04852 795 m

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 25-1994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

( f l Decrease inlet pressure slowly and again re- metric determination of valvedischarge when test-
cord reseating pressureof valve and back pressure. ing with built-up back pressure is permissible. In
(g) In mostinstances, it is desirable, or a re- such cases, the interested parties shall agree on a
quirement, that the valve be tested over a given test procedure prior t o conducting the tests.
range of back pressure. In such cases, it is conven-
ient if the valueof back pressure chosenin (a) above
4.8.7 Observation of Mechanical Characteris-
be either the lowest or highest of this range. Back
tics. During the tests with superimposed or built-
pressure may then be increased or decreased in in-
up back pressure, mechanical characteristics shall
crements, repeating (a) through (h) above at each
be observed by hearing, feeling, or seeing, and r e
incremental value.
corded during the flow test. If the valve chatters,
flutters, or does not reseat satisfactorily, such action
4.8.5Testing With Built-up BackPressure(Fig.6) shall be recorded. Upon agreement of all interested
(a) Increase the pressure at the valve inlet. Dur- parties, the valve may be readjusted and repaired
ing the pressure interval starting at 90% of the ex- and retested. Whentesting valves againstback pres-
pected set pressure, the rate of pressure increase sure, any range in which the valve does not reach
shall not exceed 2.0 psibec, or whatever lesser rate rated lift at theflow-rating pressure shall be r e
of increase is necessary for the accurate readingof corded.
the pressure. Observe and record the set pressure
. of the valve andany other desired or pertinent char- 4.8.8 Recording AdditionalData. During the tests
acteristics. with superimposed or built-upback pressure, it may
(b) Continue increasing the pressure at the valve be desirable, or a requirement, to record pressures
inlet until the valve remains open. Adjust built-up other than, or in addition to, those listed in para.
back pressure to desired value. Observe the action 4.8.4 or 4.8.5. Where possible, such recorded pres-
of the valve. Gradually decrease the inlet pressure sure shall be identified inaccordance with Appendix
until the valve closes. Recordthe reseating pressure I . With closed discharge systems, it is not possible
of the valve and back pressure. Observe the action to observe or record some characteristic pressures.
of the valve.
(c) Repeatparas.(a)and(b), recording set and
reseating pressures, and back pressure, until all are 4.9 TESTING WITH GAS OR AIR, RUPTURE DISK
established and stabilized. DEVICE FLOW RESISTANCE METHOD
(d) Establish and maintain flow-rating pressure 4.9.1Test Arrangement. A recommended test ar-
until flow instruments and back-pressuregage in- rangement is shown in the flow resistance test rig
dicate a steady-state condition. arrangement, Fig. 9, which represents the testvessel
(e) Record thefollowing: and test device of Fig. 2. Rupture disk device shall
(7) valve-inlet pressure; have same nominal pipe size dimension as the test
(2) valvedisklift; rig. Differential pressure measurement instruments
(3) liquid-inlet temperature; or transducers shall be used between pressure taps
(4) flow-meterdifferential pressure; A&B, B&C, C&D. The primary element shall be either
(5) backpressure. a subsonic-inferential meter or sonic-inferential m e
(g) Decrease inlet pressure slowly and again r e ter as shown in Fig. 2 and described in para. 4.2.4(a).
cord reseating pressureof valve and back pressure. Instrumentation for each type of meter is listed
. (h) In most instances, it is desirable, or re-
a in the following subparagraphs.
quirement, that the valve be testedoveragiven (a) Subsonic-inferential Meters. Measure-
range of back pressure. I n such cases, it is conven- mentsassociated with subsonic-inferentialmeters
ient if the value of back pressure chosen in para. are:
4.8.4(a) be either the lowest or highest of this range. (7) inlet static pressure;
Back pressure may then be increased or decreased (2) inlet temperature;
in increments,repeating (a) through (hl above at ( 3 ) differential pressure.
each incremental value. (b) Sonic-lnferential Meters. Measurements
associated with sonic-inferential meters are:
4.8.6Tests WithBuilt-up BackPressure With (7) inlet total (stagnation)pressure;
Measuring Tank. The use of volumetric or gravi- (2) inlet total (stagnation)temperature.
32

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C i25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L778 0759b70 ObRV853 h21 m

PRESSURERELIEF DEVICES
PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASME PTC 25-1994

TEST RIG WTHOUT


STRAIGHTENING VANES
Standardbore
schedule 40 clean
commercial pipe
15 pipe
diameters

PRESSURE TAP DETAIL

30 pipe
diameters I

12 pipe dia. r Rupture


disk
device

I
2 pipe dia.

-%B
Size of
Exceeding
Not
pipe
than
less
lin.)

2
Not

2-3
4-a
A

(in.)

114
3/8
1R
A

(in.)

l/8
v8
1/8

'
-Pressure 10 and greater 314 1/8

I
30 pipe
tapB
'Edge of holemust be clean andsharp or slightly rounded.
free from burrs, wire edges, or other irregularities. Inno
case shall any fitting protrude inside thepipe.
diameters

--lis
Pressure TEST RIG WITH
tap A FLOW STRAIGHTENERS
Remainder of test rig
A- -
to be configuredsame
as the test rig wlout
straightening vanes

60 pipe
diameters
diameters Straightening
vanes

Temperature
'7
""_ "_

Test vessel
(See Fig. 2)

FIG. 9 RECOMMENDED ARRANGEMENTSFORTESTINGRUPTURE DISK DEVICE FLOW RESISTANCE

33

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 SPECIAL ADDENDA-ENGL L778 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Db04854 5bB

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 25-1994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

4.9.2PreliminaryTests. Preliminary tests may be 4.9.5 Details of Procedure for Flow Resistance
permitted for testingthe test apparatus. Such tests Measurement Using Sonic-Inferential-Meter Method
may be necessary to ensure the absence of leaks in (a) Install rupture disk device into the flow re-
the test apparatus and that all differentialpressure sistance test rig.
measurement devices are functioning properlyand (b) Increase the pressure at pressure tap B. Dur-
within their pressure measurement range. ing the interval starting at 90% of the expected set
pressure, the rate of pressure increase shall not ex-
ceed 2.0 psilsec, or whatever lesser rate of increase
4.9.3BarometricPressure. Record the baromet-
is necessary for the accurate readingtheofpressure.
ric pressure (see para. 4.2.1).
Observe and record the set pressure of the device
and any other desired or pertinent characteristics.
4.9.4Details of Procedure for Flow Resistance (c) Establish andmaintainflow-rating pressure
Measurement UsingSubsonic-Inferential-Meter until flow instruments indicate a steady-state con-
Method dition.
(a) Install rupture disk device into the flow re- (d) Simultaneouslyrecord the following meas-
sistance test rig. urements (it is preferable t o use a data acquisition
(b) Increase the pressure at pressure tap B. Dur- system for these measurements)
ing the interval starting at 90% of the expected set
pressure, the rate of pressure increase shall not ex-
ceed 2.0psilsec, or whatever lesser rate of increase test rig inlet pressure
is necessary for theaccurate reading of thepressure. test rig inlet temperature
Observe and record the set pressure of the device flow meter inlet total pressure
and any other desired or pertinent characteristics. flow meter inlet total temperature
(c) Establishand maintainflow-rating pressure tap B pressure
until flow instruments indicate a steady-state con- differential pressure tap A-B
dition. differential pressure tap B-C
(d) Simultaneously record thefollowing meas- differential pressure tap C-D
urements (it is preferable to use a data acquisition
system for these measurements)
(7) test rig inlet pressure
(2) test rig inlet temperature
(3) flow meter inlet static pressure 4.9.6 RecordingAdditionalData. During the sub-
(4) flow meter inlet total temperature sonic or sonic-inferential-meter method of test, it
(5) flow meter differential pressure may be desirable, or a requirement, to record pres-
(6) tap B pressure sures other than, or in addition to, those listed in
(I) differential pressure tap A-B para. 4.9.4 or 4.9.5. Where possible, such recorded
(S) differential pressure tap B-C pressures shall be identified inaccordance with Ap-
(9) differential pressure tap C-D pendix I .

34

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 2 5 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N G L L998 m 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Ob04855 YTY 9

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASME PTC 25-1994

lation t o be able to evaluate the proper factors for dition converted from the requiredpounds per hour
refinement,through the measured capacityin (Item 32).
pounds per hour (Item 25), and on to the flow rate Items 35 through 40 provide for the calculation
through the meter in cubic feetper minute atsome of the flow through the valve in cubic feetper min-
prespecified base condition. ute at a reference inlet condition.
Items 35 through 40 then provide for the calcu-
lation of the flow through the valve in cubic feet
5.5.7 Air or Gas Rupture Disk Device Flow Resist-
per minute at a reference inlet condition. ance Method. This technique measures the resist-
ance due to the presence of a rupture disk device
in a piping system. It is used in conjunction with
-
5.5.5 Air or Gas Sonic-FlowMethod. This either the flow-meter or sonic-flow meter methods
technique metersthe gas flow upstream of the valve described in paras. 5.5.4 or 5.5.5, respectively. ,

under test. Care must be taken that all the metered Form 5.5.7should be used for recording the data
gas passes through the valveor is accounted for in and computing the results. The first seventeen (17)
the calculations. items on this form are for identification purposes
The flow equations, flow functions,correction and listing of the measured variables. Item 6, Meas-
factors, and procedures forcalculationincorpo- uredRelievingCapacity, is obtainedfromeither
rated in Form 5.5.5 are in accordance with PTC 19.5. Form 5.5.4 or 5.5.5. Care must be taken that all of
The use of Form 5.5.5 is recommended for either the metered gas passesthrough thetest arrangement
air or gas and, with the addition of basic data and (see Fig. 9)or is accounted for in the calculations.
valve identification, the form follows the procedure The remaining items on Form 5.5.7 are used t o
of PTC 19.5. determine theresistance factor between each of the
This calculation follows through t o evaluate the established pressure taps. An individual flowresist-
flow through themeter (Item 23) in pounds perhour. ance associatedwith the rupturedisk device is then
Items 24 through 30 are then used t o determine calculated from these results.
the flow throughthe valve in cubic feet per minute Two test checks must be done to verify the test
at a reference condition. results.
First, verify that the value KC.0 is within 3% of
the value KA+. If not, verify that the test arrange-
5.5.6 Fuel-GasFlow - Flow-MeterMethod.This ment is properly set up. Next, run a calibration test
technique metersthe gas flow upstream of the valve with no rupture disk device installed t o verify that
under test. Care must be taken that all of the m e the value Kc-* is within 3% of the value KA+. If so,
tered gas passes through the valveor i s accounted calculate the resistance factor K ~ D K= D - KB and
for in the calculations. the pipelength LED = LD - L B . Complete the rupture
The flow equations, correction factors, and pro- disk device individual flow resistance calculation,
cedures for calculation incorporated in Form 5.5.6 replacing KK, KPiwM,and Lw with KSD, KPiwED,
are in accordance with PTC 19.5. and LED, respectively, in equations 34 and 35. This
Form 5.5.6 should be used for recording the data is done since the air turbulence caused by the r u p
and computing theresults. Thefirst twelve items on ture disk deviceis affecting the true pressure reading
this form are primarily for identification purposes. of tap C.
Form 5.5.6 proceeds throughthe trial-flow cal- Second, verify that the calculated pipe roughness
culation to be able to evaluate the proper factors fromequation 33 is withinthe range 0.0018 to
for refinement, through the measured capacity in O.oooO6.This is the range for schedule 40 clean com-
cubic feet per hour at some prespecified base con- mercial pipe.

37

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M E P T C 25 S P E C I A L A D D E N D A - E N L L L948 D 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 Ob0485b 3 3 0

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 251994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

TEST REPORT FORM 5.5.1 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE TESTED WITH STEAM AND WATER
Observed Data and Computed Results Weighed-Water Method -
(1) Test number
(2) Test date
(3) Manufacturer's name

Measured Device Dimensions

-Valve Non-reclosing Devices


-~
(41 Bore diameter, in. (dJ (4) Minimum holder bore diameter, in. (db)
(5) Seat diameter; in. (dJ (5) Minimum net flow area in?(a)
(6) Seat angle, deg.
(7)Valvedisk lift, in. (0
(8) Actual discharge area, in.' (a)

Observed Data

(9) Length of test, min ( t )


(10) Mass of water or condensate, Ibm ( W )
(11) Valvesteam leakage, Ibm/hr ( w ~ )
(12) Condenser leakage, Ibm/hr (W,,)

STEAM
Observed Data and Computed Results at the Device Inlet

(13) Set pressure, psig (F',)


(14) Flow rating pressure, psia (Pt)
(15) Back pressure, psig (PA
(16) Fluid temperature at the calorimeter, O F (Tca,)
(17) Percent quality or deg. superheat
(18) Specific volume at reference condition, f?/lbm, V,,
(19) Specific volume at inlet conditions, ft3/lbm, V,,,
(20) Measured relieving capacity adjusted to the reference condition, Ibm/hr

-
W, = 6o x
t
W& + W", - W,,

WATER
Observed Data and Computed Results at the Device Inlet

(21) Set pressure, psig (F',)


(22) Flow-rating pressure, psig (Pf)
(23)Back pressure, psig (P,)
(24) Fluid temperature, O F ( T )
(25) Density of water at inlet conditions, Ibrn/f?(p,,J
(26) Density of water at reference condition, Ibmlft? (Pd)
(27) Measured relieving capacity, lbmlhr

(28) Relieving capacity adjusted t o water at reference condition, Ibm/hr


r-

, (29) Relieving capacity in gpm of water at reference condition, (US. gallons) Q (gpm)
W,
Q = 0.1247 -
Prer

38

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES
PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING ASMEPTC 25-1994

TEST REPORT FORM 5.5.7 RUPTURE DISK DEVICE TESTED WITH AIR
Observed Data and Computed Results Flow Resistance -
(1) Test number
(2) Test date
(3) Manufacturers name
(4) Ratio of specific heats, k
(5)Molecular weight, mw
(6)Measured relieving capacity, W,(Ibm/hr) (from Form 5.5.4 or 5.5.5)
(7) Base pressure, PS (psia)
(8) Base temperature, T, (R)
(9) Test rig inside diameter, D (ft)
(IO) Length between tap A and B, Lks (ft)
(11) Length between tap B and C, Lsc (ft)
(12) Length between tap C and D, 4.0(ft)
(13) Pressure @ tap B, PQPs(psial
(14) Differential pressure between taps A and B, A,.f (psia)
(15) Differential pressure between taps B and C,AP, (psia)
(16) Differential pressure between taps C and D, APc, (psia)

Flow Resistance Factor Calculation

(17) Mass velocity, G (Ib/ft2-sec)


c = Whl(3600x T x d / 4 )
(18) Mach number at pipe entrance, M,

Solve by iteration
(k - 1)X M:
Y, = 1 +
2
(19) Pressure at pipe entrance

Pl = PB
2 + ( k - 1)xM:
(20) Temperature at pipe entrance

Tl = T,, X (Pl/PB)ck - lYk

Calculating total resistance factor at each pressure tap A, B, C & D. Repeat steps (21) thru (26) for each tap.
(21) Temperature at pressure tap, Tt,, (OR)

(22) Sonic Velocity at pressure tap, Ctap(ftlsec)

Ctap= d ( 3 2 . 2 x k x1544 x Ttadmw


(23) Specific volume at pressure tap, Vtap(ft3/lbm)

,v, - (1544 x Ttapy(mwx 144PQ,)


-
(24) Mach number at pressure tap, Mtap

Mm, = C X VtadCtap
(25) Expansion factor at pressure tap, Y,,

47

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
S T D - A S M EP T C 25 SPECIALADDENDA-ENGL L998 m 0759b70 ObO'4858 L O 3

PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES


ASME PTC 25-1994 PART I-FLOW CAPACITY TESTING

(26) Total resistance factor to pressure tap, Ktdp

&
P
. =
1/M: - 1/(MWp12- ((k + 11/2)X In[(&pX Y d M X Ytap)]
k
(27) Resistance factor between pressure taps A and B, KA.B
KA.8 = KB - KA
(28) Resistance factor between pressure taps B and C, KM
KM = Kc - KR

(29) Resistance factor between pressure taps C and D, Kc.0

Kc.0 = KO - Kc
(30) Friction factor, f

f = KA+ X Dl(4 X LA,.S)


(31) Obtain the viscosity of air at Ts and PS p (centipoise)
(32) Reynolds number, N R e

NRe = DX CI(d1488)
(33) Pipe roughness E (inch)
E = 44.4XDX[10"1"xfi - 1.256/(&x&]
(34) Pipe resistance factor between pressure taps B and C. Kpiw

4fLw
Kpiw BC = 7
(35) Test object individual flow resistance, KR,

KR = KSC - Kpipe M
GENERAL NOTE: Equations for calculationsare in accordance with Levenspiel paper, Lapple paper, Perry Handbook and
Colebrook equation.
Colebrook, "Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook," Sixth Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., NY (1984).
Green, P. W. (Ed.), "Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook," Sixth Ed., McCraw-Hill Book Co., NY (1984).
Lapple, C. E., "Isothermal and Adiabatic Flow of Compressible Fluids," Trans. AIChE, 39, pp. 385-432 (1943).
Levenspiel, O., "The Discharge of Gases from a Reservoir Through a Pipe," AlChE Journal 23(3), pp. 402-403 (May 1977).

48

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services