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Adolescence Introduction

uring the early adolescence period of development,
biological transformation continues to occur from the
middle childhood stage. These changes from elementary
Two Physical
to secondary schooling are making educational
Developmental Milestones
transitions, producing positive and negative experiences. During this
Two Language Developmental
period, the adolescent learns to cope with stress from various changes in Milestones
self and dynamics. The dynamics they face can either help them grow or Two Cognitive Developmental
influence them with negative consequences. Theory suggests that the fit
One Sign of Atypical Development
between the features of the social environment and an individuals
One Family Strategy to Influence
characteristics can affect behavior, motivation, and mental health Learning and Development
(Eccles, 1999, pg. 37). Social, environmental influences are crucial
during this stage of development. Improper fit can affect psychological
Two Social -Emotional Milestones
development and the core to developing their sense of self. Two Signs of Atypical
Cognitive changes in the adolescent state are thinking abstractly and
One Social Factor Influence
learning to problem solve in different dimensions. Information-
One Cultural Factor Influence
processing and their ability skills become sophisticated to learn new
Two Moral Reasoning/Self-
experiences and retain knowledge at a deeper level of thinking. Cognitive Regulation Milestones

capacity skills help foster a high-order of cognitive development enabling One Video and two graphic images

them to evaluate more complicated tasks. These affects can prompt self- Reference Page

concepts and focus on future goals and the possibilities that await them.
Family support and guidance is crucial in the adolescent years. A proper
fitting environment can help direct their lives more positively in making
the adolescence transition with desirable outcomes. The parenting style is
important; authoritative is recommended and associated with self-esteem
development. It is vital to promote or enhance the contexts, such as
teacher and student relationships. Providing such links can support

academic success. The setting that offers opportunities for growth is significant and empowers the adolescent to
become productive and an active social member of society.

Adolescence Fact Sheet


By Sylvia Sisneroz
ECE497: Child Development
Two Physical Developmental Milestones
Capstone Course (CNM724DS)
Two physical developmental milestones of a typical adolescence
Instructor: Pilar Carroll are girls will be physically mature and boys are still maturing physical
Date: June 26, 2017 during this period of development. Girls are typically sensitive about
their physical body size, shape or weight. Therefore, it may lead to
5 Periods of Developmental
eating disorders which is common. In another developmental
Fact Sheets
milestone, they are becoming more responsible and independent and
spending less time with parents and more with their peers.
Infancy and Toddlerhood

Early Childhood

Middle Childhood Two Language Developmental Milestones

The adolescence language period of development becomes more
abstract, reflective, and nuanced. They are analyzing their own
thoughts and emotions (Mossler, Ch. 9.4). Their abstracting thinking
becomes amusing and uses language to solve problems. At this stage
of formal operations, adolescents are most likely to generate ideas by
exploring possible solutions. If trained properly, these skills can help
foster academic learning and provide collaborative learning in a more
concessive way of thinking.

Adolescent Period

Two Cognitive Development Milestones

During the formal operational stage, the adolescent has the ability to think in abstract manner by manipulate
ideas in their head, without any dependence on concrete manipulation (McLeod, 2010). Two cognitive
developmental milestone that typically develop in adolescence are they reason logically with proposition that

do not refer to real-world circumstances and the ability to reflect on their own thoughts (Berk, Ch. 6.5). With
these changes that are typically developing, they are also becoming self-conscious and avoid embarrassment for
themselves, and are sensitive to the criticism of others.

One Sign of Atypical Development

Eating disorders are common during adolescence but are also atypical behavior that lead to health
consequences. According to the text, anorexia nervosa is a tragic eating disorder in which young people starve
themselves because of a compulsive fear of getting fat (Berk, Ch.5.6). Adolescents with anorexia develop a
distorted body image, becoming underweight as they see themselves as heavy and go on unhealthy strict diets.

One Family Strategy to Influence Learning and Development

One strategy that families can use to influence their adolescents learning and development during this period
of development is to encourage community volunteering and becoming more active within the community.
Community volunteering and becoming more activity in the community can maintain positive future outcomes.

Additional Information

Adolescence are faced with significant challenges that can keep them from
meeting successful goals. During this developmental period, expectations
become typically firmer and influences are increasing which can produce
negative effects. Responding to their needs is crucial to develop healthy
typical outcomes in the adolescent.

Figure 1 Significant Challenges in

Adolescent Period

One Cultural Factor Influence

Across various cultures, independence and dependence can vary with

culture believes and values. Some cultures are clearly more independent
while others are more reliant on their families (Verial, 2017).

Figure 2 Adolescent Influences


Independence is based on how culture influences can impact adolescents. Some can obtain independence much
faster than those that are limited cultural influences.

Play-Based Activities

During the adolescent period, lack the opportunity for creating stories, creative writing can also be an

affective to incorporate play through interaction. Playing with creative writing can provide skills to be

developed and take on challenges.

Dictionary digging, a game that can be utilized to create a story by using a selected number. If the number is

picked a students would need to find a words and create a story that has the five selected words.