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THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES

EXAMINATIONS OF: Semester II 2014/2015

CODE AND NAME OF COURSE: FOUN 1210 Science, Medicine and


Technology in Society

DATE AND TIME: DURATION: 3 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

This paper has 12 Pages and 58 Questions.


This examination consists of three Sections: Part A Multiple Choice Questions, and Parts
B and C, Essay Questions.

Answer ALL questions in Part A in the Multiple Choice answer section of the examination
booklet.

Answer ONE (1) question from Section B AND ONE (1) question from section C.

Section A is worth FIFTY (50) marks and each question in Sections B and C has a value of
TWENTY FIVE (25) marks.

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INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

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Page 2

First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________

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INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

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First Examiner Second Examiner

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Page 3

SECTION A

1. Climate change will lead to the loss of coral reefs due to the death of the organisms that
are

a. carbon dioxide sensitive.


b. temperature-sensitive.
c. light sensitive.
d. acid resistant.

2. A major outcome of the Kyoto protocols has been

a. a reversal of global warming.


b. a reduction in oil production.
c. closing of the hole in the ozone layer.
d. carbon emissions trading.

3. What is BSE?

a. Biotechnology and Solar Engineering.


b. Black Soap Emulsion.
c. Britain Sourced Energy.
d. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy.

4. Prions are the causative agent for which of the following diseases?

a. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)


b. H1N1
c. Foot and Mouth Disease
d. H5N1

5. Foot and mouth disease is a problem because of which of the following?

a. It is always fatal.
b. The disease has a long incubation period.
c. It severely reduces the production of milk and beef.
d. It is transmitted to humans.

PLEASE TURN OVER

The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 4

6. Which of the following is a consequence of the Caribbeans dependence on other


countries for basic foodstuffs?

a. Caribbean nations are forced to have confidence in the inspection and hygiene
procedures of the food industries of exporting countries.
b. All of the foods are more expensive.
c. The rate of spoilage is very high.
d. Imported foods promote chronic non-communicable diseases.

7. The cost of petroleum derived energy to most Caribbean nations is

a. beyond their control.


b. dependent on Caribbean demand.
c. set by CARICOM governments.
d. declining.

8. Phrenology is a discredited scientific theory that asserts which of the following?


.
a. The external shape of the skull reveals personality and character traits.
b. Pheromones are building blocks in biology.
c. Catalysts are built on pheromones.
d. Biological traits depend solely on physical laws.

9. Which of the following conditions is NOT necessary for a legitimate generalization when
using the inductive method?

a. The number of observations leading to the generalization must be large.


b. The observations must be repeated under a wide variety of conditions.
c. Observations must be logically proven.
d. No observation should conflict with eh derived universal law.

10. Induction can fail for several reasons including the fact that it

a. is not ethical.
b. cannot be justified on logical grounds.
c. is an outmoded scientific method.
d. requires considerable financial resources to use.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 5

11. If the premises of a logically valid deduction are true, then the conclusion must be

a. false.
b. dependent on the context.
c. dependent on the structure of the argument.
d. true.

12. When most scientists speak of the scientific method, they are referring to

a. the logical analysis of natural problems.


b. clinical trials.
c. paradigm shifts.
d. the hypothetico-deductive approach.

13. When conducting an experiment, the independent variable

a. is what we vary.
b. is what we are investigating.
c. has no impact.
d. is impacts separately.

14. When conducting an experiment, the dependent variable

a. is what we vary.
b. is what we are investigating.
c. has no impact.
d. is impacts separately.

15. In Karl Poppers view, science proceeds by the formation of hypotheses and by attempts
to

a. shield the hypothesis from major challenges.


b. confirm them through philosophical reflection.
c. prove the hypothesis by testing them.
d. disprove the hypothesis by testing them.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
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Page 6

16. A set of fundamental beliefs to which scientists subscribe and which they use as a
framework for conducting research is

a. poor science.
b. the inductive method.
c. a paradigm.
d. a hypothesis.

17. The occurrence of paradigm shifts suggests that the scientific method is NOT

a. completely honest.
b. completely objective.
c. very careful.
d. productive.

18. Scientists who practice NORMAL science

a. always function within the established paradigm.


b. are able to control all of the possible environmental variables.
c. do not subscribe to the normal set of fundamental assumptions.
d. are often NOT immediately embraced by the scientific community.

19. Darwinian evolution is driven by

a. conscious individual decisions.


b. planned development.
c. changes in culture.
d. natural selection.

20. A shift from one set of fundamental assumptions to another set of fundamental
assumptions is called

a. falsification.
b. theory-ladeness.
c. hypothesis formulation.
d. a paradigm shift.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 7

21. Who wrote the book Anatomical Exercises on the Movement of the Heart and Blood in
Animals?

a. Francis Bacon
b. Charles Darwin
c. William Harvey
d. Thomas Kuhn

22. It can be said that

a. science controls the environment while technology explains.


b. science always comes before technology.
c. technology always comes before science.
d. science explains while technology controls the environments.

23. The fundamental particle of all matter is

a. the ion.
b. the atom.
c. the molecule.
d. the enzyme.

24. Which of the following do atoms use to form bonds?

a. Light energy.
b. Their nucleus.
c. Their outer shells.
d. Their acidity.

25. The rate at which reactions take place in living cells is controlled by biological catalysts
known as

a. ribosomes.
b. genes.
c. enzymes.
d. acids.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 8

26. Which form of energy of a body is due to its mass and speed of movement?

a. Nuclear
b. Chemical
c. Kinetic
d. Potential

27. Which of the following sources of is renewable?

a. Coal
b. Crude Oil
c. Natural gas
d. Solar

28. OTEC is a source of energy that

a. is distilled from crude oil.


b. originates with the sun.
c. is harnessed from ocean tides.
d. utilizes the difference in the temperature of the water at the surface of the ocean
and the water about 1000 metres deep.

29. One reason why aluminium is NOT produced from alumina during the process of
refining bauxite ore in Jamaica and Guyana is the

a. complex nature of this final step.


b. radioactive nature of alumina.
c. high cost of electrolysis.
d. environmental hazard of red earth.

30. Hypertension and diabetes are

a. treatable using antibiotics.


b. communicable diseases.
c. caused by viruses.
d. chronic non-communicable diseases.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 9

31. Which of the following statements is correct?

a. There is evidence that the average temperature of the world is rising.


b. All scientists agree that the rise in the worlds average temperature is caused by
large amounts of Carbon Dioxide produced by human activity.
c. All scientists agree that the rise in the worlds average temperature is normal.
d. There is NO evidence that the average temperature of the world is rising.

32. It is understood academically that a model in science:

I) Represents a real mechanism or process.


II) Is a perfect replica of reality.
III) Allows for visualisation and aids our imagination.

a. I only.
b. II only
c. I and III only
d. I, II and III

33. The 23rd pair of human chromosomes determines

a. sex.
b. gender.
c. intelligence.
d. eye colour.

34. Which of the following diseases is transmitted by a vector?

a. Lou Gehrigs disease


b. Dengue
c. Skin cancer
d. Leukaemia

35. What is ASCII?

a. An American Standard for representing every word and image as discrete on and
off states symbolized by ones and zeros.
b. A method for assessing the amount of RAM available.
c. An American method of programme execution.
d. One of the categories of computers.

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 10

36. Acceptance of two sets of standards was important to the growth of the internet. These
were

a. Blue Tooth and Wi Fi


b. TCP/IP and HTML
c. Windows and Apple
d. DOS and Mac

37. Which of the following statements is correct?

a. Antibiotics will cure bacterial infections but not viral infections.


b. Antibiotics will cure viral infections but not bacterial infections.
c. Antibiotics will cure all infections.
d. Antibiotics are a form of placebo.

38. Which of the following was an unfortunate consequence of Darwin's theory?

a. Eugenics
b. Genetics
c. Lamarckianism
d. Paleontology

39. Each B cell produces

a. one type of C cell.


b. several enzymes.
c. only one type of antigen.
d. only one type of antibody.

40. If the phenotype of a mother and father displays the sickle cell trait then the probable
phenotypes of the children are:

a. 1 normal; 2 trait; 1 sickler


b. 2 normal; 1 trait; 1 sickler
c. 1 normal; 1 trait; 2 sicklers
d. All sicklers

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 11

41. The major waste product of the production of bauxite is

a. alumina.
b. silica.
c. red mud.
d. sulphuric acid.

42. A well-developed sugar cane industry should produce all of the following EXCEPT

a. ethanol.
b. electricity.
c. bagasse.
d. glass.

43. Normal blood sugar levels range between:

a. 50 and 60 milligrams per decilitre.


b. 90 and 210 milligrams per decilitre.
c. 70 and 110 milligrams per decilitre.
d. 10 and 50 milligrams per decilitre.

44. The normal figures for blood pressure range between

a. 120/80 mmHg and 130/85 mmHg


b. 80/20 mmHg and 100/60 mmHg
c. 160/120 mmHg and 200/150 mmHg
d. 80/120 mmHg and 100/130 mmHg

45. When women were not granted PhD degrees in science departments in the early 20th
century, they were unable to obtain research funding and could not be promoted beyond
the rank of tutor or lecturer at universities. This is an example of what kind of gender
barrier?

a. Psychological
b. Superior
c. Spatial
d. Structural

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________
Page 12

46. In gender theory, sex and gender are determined by

a. genetics alone.
b. socialization and biology respectively.
c. parental lifestyles alone.
d. biology and socialization respectively.

47. The number of people living with a disease in a population is measured by its

a. virulence.
b. incubation period.
c. incidence.
d. prevalence.

48. What is the name of the chromosome which determines that a human will be male?

a. Y chromosome
b. XY genotype
c. AB blood type
d. X chromosome

49. A child with 47 chromosomes has

a. Huntingtons disease
b. Cystic Fibrosis
c. Sickle Cell Anaemia
d. Downs Syndrome

50. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by what type of infection?

a. Viral
b. Bacterial
c. Fungal
d. Genetic

END OF SECTION A

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INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
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Page 13

SECTION B

Answer ONE (1) question ONLY. Each question is worth twenty five (25) marks.

B.1. Explain how the green-house effect causes global warming. Discuss the natural and
social impacts of climate change.

B.2. Review the strengths and weaknesses of the scientific method and explain how this
impacts the progress of science.

B.3. Explain the difference between science, medicine and technology and discuss their
interplay.

B.4. Write an essay entitled Gender and science.

END OF SECTION B

SECTION C

Answer ONE (1) question ONLY. Each question is worth twenty five (25) marks.

C.1. What are the benefits of modern biotechnology?

C.2. How does inheritance work? Discuss the diseases that occur when the mechanism of
inheritance goes wrong.

C.3. Select a major industry in the Caribbean and discuss its energy consumption and
production while noting any social and economic impacts.

C.4. Write an essay exploring the ethical issues that arise within Information and
Communications Technology and Biotechnology.

END OF PAPER

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The University of the West Indies Course Code: FOUN1210 2015/ /

DO NOT WRITE OR TYPE ON THE BACK OF THIS SHEET: USE ONE SIDE ONLY

INSTRUCTIONS: Each page of this draft must be signed by the INTERNAL EXAMINERS. Completed forms should be handed to
the assistant Registrar (Examinations). The EXTERNAL EXAMINER is requested to sign the draft paper and return it with comments, if
any, to the assistant Registrar (Examinations).

______________________________________ _______________________________________
First Examiner Second Examiner

Date:_________________________________ Date:___________________________________