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Soldering Made Easy

ERSA Soldering Primer

ERSA GmbH
Soldering Division: Tools & Inspection Systems
Soldering Technology - a Never-Ending Story for More Than 5,000 Years

Man had scarcely learned how metal. After all, that was 4,000 They soldered 400 km long water In 1921, 80 years ago, he de- shops, up to toughest OEM fac-
to use metals for his purposes years ago. pipes made of lead with seams veloped the first electric and tory applications, our product
when the desire to join them From then on, the worlds solder- which could withstand 18 Atm (!), mass-produced soldering iron range is designed to meet every
arose in him. Many of the pieces ing technology was on its way and conjured up stoves and tubs for industry. Driven by a desire soldering need.
of jewelry, tools and weapons upwards. It first spread around made of bronze, not to mention to innovate, we have devoted The ban on certain hazardous
we know from the Bronze Age the Mediterranean. The Cretians the arts of their goldsmiths and ourselves to the continuous substances (RoHS) set in the
were given their utility and beau- showed it to the Etruscans, who armorers. development and perfection of law on electric and electronic
ty by soldering. then taught it to the Romans, The last century, in particular, soldering technology. equipment is a new challenge
Today, it is difficult to say who Tunesians, Spaniards, followed not only witnessed an increased With the worlds largest spect- for soldering technology. As
first discovered how to glue by many others , including the improvement in the craftmans rum of soft soldering products of 01 July 2006 electric and
metals. One thing is certain, less developed cultures of the soldering skill, but also our and 80 years of industrial expe- electronic equipment may only
the goldsmiths of ancient time - the Swiss, Bohemians, understanding was refined in rience, ERSA is synonymous be offered on the market if it is
Egypt knew how to join gold Hungrians, Teutons and Scan- respect to the scientific interac- with expertise and quality. Our free of lead, mercury, cadmium,
more than 5,000 years ago. dinavians. tions which take place during range of hand soldering tools hexavalent chromium, PBB and
Their colleagues in Troy were The art of soldering was im- soldering. begins with the smallest, 5-watt PBDE.
also master solderers long proved and sophisticated from Consequently, soft soldering needle and covers everything Therefore soldering processes
before the ancient Teutons culture to culture, generation to developed into an independent from conventional hand sold- must be adapted accordingly
could even dream of such generation. field of production engineer- ering equipment, countless and in many cases do without
handicraft. ing in the electronics industry. customized solutions for special the established soft solders
Looking back, the most impres-
Soldering came of age when It combines the disciplines of applications, to the 550-watt based on tin and lead.
sive achievements can be attri-
tin was discovered as a soldering mechanics, chemistry, physics workshop soldering iron.
buted to the ancient Romans. ERSA has prepared itself at
and metallurgy, to an equal Moreover, ERSAs electronically best for the lead-free process.
extent. temperature-controlled solder- By this versatile soldering guide
Ernst Sachs, founder of ERSA ing stations now represent, in we would like to help you find
(a name comprised of the begin- the same way, the standard for your way into the world of sold-
ning letters of his first and last the entire industry as the com- ering - and perhaps we can
names) contributed to this. plete line of wave, reflow and ignite a soldering fire in you,
selective soldering systems. just as it has been burning in our
ERSA quality products have hearts.
ERSA's center Soldering iron their home in a miriad of places.
for soldering heated by fire:
technology in soldering technology From hobby shops for Tiffany
2 Wertheim around 1536 soldering, to electric hardware 3
In the Industry, at Home and Everywhere - the Art of Soldering

soldering tip soldering


direction
flux
melted solder

oxide layer hardened solder

printed conductor basic material

Flux reaction during soldering on a printed conductor when a soldering wire with flux core is used

But what exactly is the Art of Soldering?


Soldering is when two metallic this purpose, a small quantity of For maximum tensile strength,
workpieces are joined with the the foreign metal must be dis- which is synonymous to best
aid of molten metallic binding solved and unite with the alloy, i. solder joint quality, it is impor-
With ERSAs high quality soldering tools, anyone can practice the art of soldering...
material (solder). The trick lies e. form mixed crystals in the so tant that the intermetallic zone
in having the melting point of called intermetallic zone. is neither too small nor too
the solder lower than that of the Tin is responsible for this, thick. The ideal parameters
Soft soldering is an indispen- metal to be joined. If this point whereas lead is charged with are 0.5 intermetallic pro-
sable part of modern techno- is below 450 C, the process is making the solder easy to melt duced at 220 C to 280 C,
logy. It is the preferred means termed soft soldering. and ensures the mechanical within about two seconds.
of producing reliable electrical If it is above that value, it is stability of the joint. A solder With a higher rate of interme-
connections. Such connections hard soldering. Opposed to this, joint consists of five zones: tallic material, the solder joint
are required in household appli- when welding, the metals to be 1 Basic material becomes brittle and porous,
ances just as much as they are joined are brought to their own 2 Zone of mixed crystals with less than 0.5 we have no
in computers or space shuttles. melting point by heating and the 3 Hardened solder tensile strength and therefore a
In other words, almost nothing ... for hobby-applications ... and service-use material is then fused. 2 Zone of mixed crystals bad or cold solder joint.
works nowadays without soft In soft soldering, the joints be- 1 Basic material
soldering. A soldering iron around the gy, electronics, etc. In addition, tween the metals to be joined
Just ask your electrician, TV- house may not put a carpenter there are a variety of hobby Cross-section of a solder joint ERSA SolderWell Technology
are filled with an alloy made of
serviceman, vehicle mechanic out of work, but replaces a good applications in which the use of lead and tin. It is important that 1
or dentist about soldering. number of other craftsmen deal- a soldering iron is by no means this alloy does not simply stick
Even the bosses at IBM, Sie- ing with electrical and sanitary subject to limitations, when it to the surface of the foreign
2

mens, Rolls Royce or NASA will installation, radio, TV, lighting comes to imagination and ver- metal after cooling, instead it 3

give you the same answer. and communications technolo- satility. must unite with the metal. For 2

1
... for Tiffany soldering ... for industrial use

soldering solder
tip

The prepared parts and the solder are The melted solder flows into the solder The hardened solder joins
4 heated gap and fills it the parts 5
The Basics - What Do You Need for Soldering?

1. The soldering iron for heat Nickel coated


The base material made of highly
conductive electrolytic copper ensures
soldering tip tip spring heating element handle connection wires connection cable unhindered heat transfer from the heat-
ing element to the ERSADUR coating

The ERSADUR coating (100 to


300 micron) of iron plating at the
tip (depending on the type of tip)
Nickel coating is factory pretinned.

Heat is required in order to used. The usual temperature in iron is important. You must Chrome-plating prevents
the electronics field lies between choose one which lies within the corrosion and solder
melt the solder. It is the job of collection on undesired
Solder
the soldering iron to provide this 250 C and 350 C. In order to desired temperature range or spots
(pure tin)
heat. Temperatures of 200 C to have the proper temperature for choose an adjustable soldering Iron coating
450 C are needed, depending every soldering application, the iron or soldering station.
on the solder joint and the solder thermal rating of the soldering
Cross-section of an ERSADUR soldering tip
2. The soldering tip for the heat transfer
The soldering tip is the actual The most important groups are perfect heat conduction, flaw-
heart of the soldering iron. It nickel-plated copper soldering less composition and reliable How to take soldering quality to the top - ERSADUR soldering tips
is responsible for the transfer of tips and ERSADUR long-life durability and must also fea-
heat from the heating element soldering tips. Its composition ture precise sensitivity. For this Traditional soldering tips are is protected against overheating gen free ERSA Tip-Reactivator
through the solder to the sold- and quality are the decisive reason, one cannot be demand- made of copper, which con- and premature wear thanks to 0TR01. For this purpose wipe
ering joint. Different soldering factors for the success or fail- ing enough when selecting a ducts heat well and is inexpen- perfect heat transfer. the heated soldering tip on the
tips are available depending on ure of a solder joint. The soldering tip. sive, but not without disadvan- surface of the regeneration com-
the type of soldering iron used, technical requirements tages. The tip oxidizes hea- ERSADUR stands up to the pound. In addition to this, the
what is being soldered and are proper shape, vily when heated and copper various demands found in soft hot tip should be cleaned regu-
how often soldering occurs. particles are set free into the soldering technology with a larly with a moist sponge.
solder until it has been cor- comprehensive range of solder-
Thermocouple
roded entirely. ing tips. Spare sponges are available in
Some shapes and dimensions of ERSADUR soldering Lots of care is required to keep specialized trade.
tips for the widest range of applications the tip functional. This range extends from soldering
shaft diameters of 0.2 mm (for Reactivation of an oxidized soldering tip
ERSADUR soldering tips, on microelectronics) to 17 mm.
Cross-section of internally heated tip the other hand, have been de-
on the Power tool soldering iron with
SENSOTRONIC control signed for continuous operation ERSADUR soldering tip care
and high quality. The special Provided that the ERSADUR
process to achieve this was soldering tips are properly cared
developed by ERSA and is pro- for, tip life can be extended. The
Thermocouple tected by a patent. following steps should be taken:

ERSADUR soldering tips are ERSADUR tips should always


galvanically plated with an iron be coated with solder. Without
coating which is then shielded this coat, they become passive
against oxidation and corrosion and will no longer accept solder.
Cross-section of internally heated
tip on the Tech tool soldering iron by a layer of chrome. The heat- In this case, the tip can be reac-
6 with SENSOTRONIC control ing element of the soldering iron tivated with the lead and halo- 7
You Just Can't Do Without It - Solder, Flux and a Safe and Healthy Working Environment

3. Solder for the connection Safety first, especially while


soldering. The VDE and GS
Alloy Flux type Melting point/-zone signs ensure the electrical
safety of soldering tools. The
L-Sn60Pb40 EN 29454/1.1.2 (F-SW 26/DIN 8511) 183C - 190C use of the VDE sign obligates
the manufacturer to monitor
L-Sn60Pb38Cu2 EN 29454/1.1.2 (F-SW 26/DIN 8511) 183C - 190C production in accordance with
L-Sn63Pb37 EN 29454/1.1.3 (F-SW 32/DIN 8511), halogen-free 183C eutectic test guidelines and to conduct
L-Sn62Pb36Ag2 EN 29454/1.1.3 (F-SW 32/DIN 8511), halogen-free 178C - 190C tests which conform to the
regulations determined by the
Alloys: lead-free / in compliance with RoHS-WEEE VDE testing institute.
L-Sn95.5Ag3.8Cu0.7 EN 29454/1.1.2 (F.SW26/DIN 8511) 217C eutectic
L-Sn96.5/Ag3.5 EN 29454/1.2.3 (F.SW33/DIN 8511), halogen-free 221C eutectic
L-Sn99.3Cu0.7 EN 29454/1.2.3 (F.SW33/DIN 8511), halogen-free 227C eutectic

ERSA soft solders for the widest range of applications


Metallic bonding agents, usually The composition of the alloy
in the form of a wire or bar, are determines the melting tem-
available in different alloys and perature and the physical pro- ERSA CLEAN-AIR solder fume
compositions. perties of the joint. extraction systems ensure fresh
air at the workbench
Due to the RoHS directives
Soft solders usually consist of (1 July 2006) lead-containing
a mixture of tin (Sn) and lead alloys will be banned for many 5. A safe and healthy working environment
(Pb). Possible additives are applications in future. Alternative
antimony, copper, silver, zinc solders are tin alloys containing
and cadmium. silver or copper additives. Consider this while soldering:

4. Flux for improved contact The breathing zone is close of lead which remain on the
to the soldering activity and hands can enter the human
Flux is used to attain the best acid flux (for plumbing work) and solder is held in the hand. This body through food or cigarette
possible contact between the acid-free products (for electrical presents the risk of contami- smoke.
solder and metal. and electronics work). nating the air, or hands and Hands should be washed thor-
It ensures metallically clean Flux cored solder (soldering objects which are touched. oughly after soldering.
surfaces on the parts to be sold- wire) with one or more flux cores Flux vapours can damage Soldering refuse is hazar-
ered, eliminates oxides and impu- is the primary type of solder FOR HEA LTH AND your health and must be kept dous waste and should not be
rities which can hinder soldering
and prevents the formation of
used in electronical engineering.
Bar solder is used mainly for
ENVIRO NMENT away from the breathing zone.
One should never eat, drink or
deposited in normal household
garbage.
new oxides when soldering. plumbing, as well as in radiator smoke in rooms where sold-
There are different types of flux: and body work. ering is performed. Traces

Attention: Never do this while soldering!


Good soldering i s based upon the
proper soldering i ron, a clean sold-
ering joint, a per fect soldering tip,
the correct flux a nd solder, as well
Solder wire with one or more flux cores
as the proper sold ering time.
8 9
Highest Quality - through Best Preparations and Ideal Parameters

Soldering time

The soldering operation should solder second. A soldering time


be completed within approx. 2 of more than 5 seconds is inad-
to max. 5 seconds. missible and indicates that the
When soldering electronic parts soldering iron is too cold or not
you will, with a bit of experience, powerful enough.
only need a second - the famous

Soldering quality

A good solder joint can be Another quality indicator is what If the diffusion zone is too thick,
recognized with bent connec- the solder surface actually looks the soldered joints have no ten-
tion wires on the PCB where like. It should be even, non- sile strength and become brittle.
the contours of the soldered porous and shiny. At higher soldering temperatu-
conductor are still visible. This res, the chemical reaction rate
is assuming that not too much Brittle surfaces indicate too high is higher, which produces more
solder is applied. soldering temperatures or too intermetallic material.
long soldering times.
Another indication is the melting As a result, perfect solder joints
angle. Based on the fact that The only absolute quality indi- have to be made at low working
Preparation right! wrong! excellent melting of the solder cator for an ideal solder joint temperatures within short solder-
pads occurs, intermetallic zones is production of intermetallic ing times.
The most important prerequisite (mixed crystals) are created and material.
for the success of a good solder- can be recognized by the small As soon as the last solder joint
ing joint is absolute cleanliness. melting angle. In this diffusion zone, intermetal- is produced, the iron should be
The conductors and compo- lic compounds of copper and tin put back into the holder. But do
nents must be free of dirt, oil A melting angle of up to 25 indi- are produced (mixed crystals, not clean the tip before putting it
and oxidation. These can be re- cates good solder quality, angles see page 5). They can only be away, because remaining solder
moved with solvents or flux. of up to 50 are acceptable in the seen by destroying the joint and on the tip prevents oxidation.
ERSADUR soldering tips should field of hand soldering. making a cross-section.
be cleaned with a damp sponge right! wrong! right! wrong!
when hot, prior to soldering.
Please do not file them as you 25
would copper tips. This would
damage the protective coating
and render the tips unusable.

Soldering process

The soldering process has


three phases: wetting, flow-
ing, bonding. Here, the work- soldering system facilitates melt it. Continue to add solder
ing temperature is the most work significantly. wire until the entire joint has
important criteria. The best been covered. Then immedi-
temperature is the lowest at After cleaning, place the solder- ately remove the soldering tip
which the three phases can ing iron on the soldering joint. in order to avoid overheating
be performed without difficul- Then place the solder wire of the molten solder. Allow the
ty. This requires some experi- (with flux core) between the solder to harden, avoiding vi-
10 ence. A temperature-controlled tip and the soldering joint and brations. 11
SMD Technology - Great Tools for Small Compon ents

SMD desoldering with tweezers

SMD desoldering

Inspection of SMD components To desolder and repair a dam-


aged SMD component, the suit-
SMD soldering able tool is needed to remove
the component from the PCB. If
The constantly growing impor- a pair of desoldering tweezers is
ERSA SolderWell technology for Fine-Pitch installation within seconds tance of this technology, com- used for this purpose, it is most
bined with its highly-integrated essential to choose the correct
microsized components, places desoldering inserts. After having
great demands on SMD sold- desoldered the component, the
ering equipment. The tools PCB has to be cleaned (e. g. with
required include at least one set a No-Clean desoldering wick).
of fine, pointed tweezers for posi- Afterwards, the new component
tioning, an ultra-fine soldering can be positioned and soldered.
iron with ERSADUR soldering tip For lead-free applications in parti-
(beginning with 0.2 mm) and thin cular an optional IR heating plate
SMD solder wire (Sn62Pb36Ag2, is of great assistance in the hand
0.5 mm) with an acid-free flux soldering process. Please refer
core. to our process description SMD
With the revolutionary ERSA Removal for further details.
SolderWell technology, common For the soldering and desolder-
solder wire and the right ERSA ing of BGA components please
SolderWell tip are all you need. refer to our semi-automatic IR
For detailed information please SMD desoldering within 3 seconds - thanks to the ERSA desoldering pincette Rework Center on page 25.
SMD soldering with the ERSA Micro tool and an ultra-fine, pencil-point soldering tip refer to our process descriptions.
For desoldering MELFs For desoldering SOICs For desoldering QFPs
and PLCCs

C.CAPAC./MELF SOT&DPAK TSOP/SOIC PLCC/LCCC BQFP/PQFP


Some examples of SMD components Some examples of different desoldering tip shapes

desoldering tip

desoldering
wick soldering tip
right! clean solder joint wrong! wrong!

12 wrong! wrong! wrong! Heat solder and remove ERSA desoldering tweezers IRHP 200 infrared rework heating plate 13
Tiffany Work - or Plumbing Solder Work Correct Desoldering is Not Difficult

Tiffany work Desoldering: the perfect


(Soldering glass) tool for all applications

Soldering glass objects general- The most important thing for suc-
ly involves three stages of work: cessful desoldering is the correct
tool. You can choose between
spot soldering desoldering wicks (via capillary
rough soldering action), mechanical desoldering
fine soldering. pumps or electronic, temperature-
regulated desoldering systems.
Before the actual soldering These are divided in desold-
copper foil is glued on the glass ering systems with conductive
edges. Then the spot soldering Tiffany soldering with the ERSA ANALOG 80 T Tiffany station
heat and those with hot air.
is carried out. To spot solder,
the process by which the glass soldering
parts are fastened or connected, tip solder
take a drop of solder with the tip
of the soldering iron and careful-
ly apply to the solder joint. Each copper foil
spot soldering operation should glass
only take about a second.
glass soldering tip

During rough soldering, the solder copper foil


gap between the glass is filled solder
with solder, after flux has been
applied. For this purpose the 1. step: spot soldering 2. step: rough soldering Temperature-controlled desoldering iron Removing heated and melted solder by means of a mechanical desoldering pump
soldering tip and solder are
moved together along the joint. Always drag the soldering iron, ing. The seam to be soldered Desoldering desoldering tip heated
soldering tip
never push it. Only in this way should always lie horizontally. desoldering
The speed of the soldering a semicircular seam is obtained The soldering tip is pulled slowly Reheating is not recommended tip
movement and the application with an adequate amount of and evenly without interruption for reparing a faulty solder joint.
of solder to the soldering tip solder. The visual quality of the along the seam from the begin- It is better to remove the solder 1. 2.
must be coordinated precisely. joint is improved by fine solder- ning to the end. by means of a desoldering tool
or with a desoldering wick and
to resolder the joint.
solder Plumbing soldering work
the iron heats the When using a desoldering pump
entire overlapped
soldering tip If metal sheets or pipes have to the solder joint has to be heated
width be joined, the metal at the sold- with the soldering iron until the
the melted solder flows into ering joint must be bare. solder has molten. Then remove
the gap and fills it For this reason, it must be cleaned the soldering iron and place the
iron position when soldering thoroughly. Afterwards flux, solder- desoldering pump on the joint Desoldering with desoldering pump Desoldering with temperature-controlled
a wide seam ing paste or liquid flux is applied and extract the solder. desoldering iron
and the soldering joint is heated
solder with the tip of the soldering iron. In the case of heated desold- upon proper tip selection. The board or components, can be
Then add the solder to fill the sold- ering irons, the hollow desold- inner diameter of the desolder- achieved with temperature-con-
ering seam. ering tip should be placed on ing tip should be roughly the trolled desoldering irons.
soldering tip Once the solder has hardened, the solder joint ensuring a sound same size as the hole in the cir- Basically, you have to distin-
remove the aggressive flux resi- thermal contact. Once the sold- cuit board or slightly larger. guish between desoldering
iron position when
soldering a narrow due, which causes corrosion. er has melted, it is extracted. The best desoldering results, thru-hole components and SMD
14
seam Desoldering is also dependent with least damage to the circuit components. 15
Soldering Irons From 5 to 550 Watts - Meeting D emands for Various Applications

ERSA Minor S: an ultra-fine soldering iron weighing incredible 6 g Miniature soldering iron: ERSA universal soldering iron - one for all! Universal soldering iron:
ERSA Minor S ERSA 30 S
The best-selling and most tried
Miniature soldering iron with a and tested ERSA soldering iron
rating of 5 watts and a tip tem- with 30 and 40 watt ratings. This
perature of 440 C. universal soldering iron is de-
The ideal tool for ultra-fine sold- signed for multi-purpose use in
ering of microcircuits and micro- the crafts, service and hobby sec-
scope soldering. tor. A practical soldering set with
desoldering pump and additional
6 V transformer-operated (e.g. soldering tip is also available for
ERSA SNT 30/6) or 6 V-battery- this versatile soldering iron to
operated. handle numerous soldering and
desoldering challenges on the go.
The reduced distance between
handle and curved soldering tip Internally heated solder-
takes particular account of ergo- ing iron: ERSA Multi-Pro
nomic requirements.

ERSA Multi-Pro, 20 W
Thanks to its large range of tips,

ERSA 30 S, 30/40 W
ERSA Minor S, in addition to the the ERSA Multi-Pro is the ideal
electronics industry applications, soldering iron when great flexibi-
Minor S, 5 W

is used for clock production or lity is required. The device has a


repair, for photographic industry heat-resistant connecting cable.
and dental engineering applica- Internally heated tips provide a
tions. high level of efficiency.

ERSA Multitip - internally heated fine soldering iron for small joints Microsoldering irons: Universal soldering irons:
ERSA Multitip series ERSA 50 S, 80 S and 150 S
A particularly short, light and The 50, 80 and 150 watt ver-
easy-to-handle soldering iron sions, supplied with a bent solder-
with a minimum distance be- ing tip, are ideal to solder copper
tween the soldering tip and the conductors from 2.5 up to 6 mm2
front of the handle. Internally cross-sections.
heated soldering tips ensure
ultimate performance. With their
rating of 8, 15, and 25 watts, Hammer soldering irons:
the Multitip line is designed to ERSA 200 to 550
solder small and medium-sized The hammer-shaped soldering
joints such as distribution strips iron series with 200, 300 and

ERSA 50 S, 80 S, 150 S 50/80/150 W


and hobby applications. The 550 watt ratings, is particularly
industrially proven PTC heating suitable for sheet tinning and
elements in the 15 and 25 watt installation work, as well as coll-
irons ensure high-speed series

ERSA 200/300, 200/300 W


ector and copper rail soldering.
Multitip series, 8/15/25 W

soldering due to the short heat-


ing times. The handy soldering
sets, available in 15 and 25

ERSA 550, 550 W


watts, with integrated desol-
dering pump, solder wire, and
additional tip are ideal for multi-
purpose tasks.
16 17
Always a Quick Trigger: Special Soldering Irons and Off-The-Line Soldering

ERSA high-speed soldering: press the button and go ERSA Independent 50

An unusually light and trans- adapted to the soldering formance. The large selection The Independent 50 is the smal- practical protective cap, which
former-independent solder gun requirements by periodi- of tips of the 832 / 842 series lest member of the successful automatically switches off the
with PTC heating element pro- cally pressing the button. afford a wide range of applica- ERSA Independent gas solder- device when attached. Three
viding high heat-up rating. The The internally heated sold- tions, and not just in service ing irons series. The output of different tips are available.
50 W (compared with electrical
ERSADUR long-life soldering ering tip ensures high per- and repairs. soldering irons) allows maxi-
tip is only heated as long as mum soldering tip temperatures
the button is pressed. of up to 450 C. The operating
time per gas filling is about
Thanks to the very short heat- 60 minutes.
ing times it is ideal for high- An ignition func-
speed series soldering. tion is also
integrated in the
The heat supply
can be
ERSA Independent 75

Since this soldering iron does


not dependend on a cable,
ERSA Multi-Sprint, 75 W anything can be soldered any-
where, at any time. In compari-

ERSA Independent 75, 15-75 W


son to electric soldering irons,
the rating can be adjusted step-
lessly from 15 to 75 W.
ERSA power soldering The large selection of soldering
iron with temerature tips opens up many applications
control apart from conventional solder-
The ERSA Multi-TC is a power- ing such as SMD soldering,
ful, sturdy, temperature-controlled micro welding, shaping and cut-
power soldering iron with a pre-
ting of plastics and processing
cise temperature sensor located
of heat-shrinkable sleeves.
directly under the internally heat-
ed soldering tip. This tempera-
ture sensor registers the actual ERSA Independent 130
temperature in the immediate
vicinity of the solder joint. The The larger edition of the
heating system can then immedi- ERSA Independent 75, with its
ately react to the heat loss and rating of 25 to 130 W, is most
ERSA Independent 130, 25-130 W
re-heat extremely fast. The high suitable in situations where
preheating power with the inter- sophisticated soldering solu-
nal PTC heating element pro- tions are required off-the-line, as
vides unusually fast heating. The for example in servicing, instal-
ERSA Multi-TC, 75 W

high heating efficiency and the lation, repair and maintenance.


large selection of soldering tips
and inserts serve both filigree The integrated piezzo ignition
applications in electronics and together with the fact that the
applications for which stand-ard iron operates on commerical
soldering irons with ratings of up butane gas ensures easy hand-
18 to 150 W are used. ling and high reliability. 19
Temperature Control - the Key to Success in So ldering

The large selection of long-life,


internally heated ERSADUR-
soldering tips make this versa-
tile soldering station suitable for
most soldering applications.

The model ERSA ANALOG 60 A


is completely antistatic accord-
ing to MIL-SPEC/ESA-standards.

ERSA ANALOG 60 Profi-Set in a case

ERSA ANALOG 60 - the basic soldering station

The electronically temperature- as a temperature probe (RESIS-


controlled ERSA ANALOG 60 TRONIC temperature control
soldering station is the standard system).
ERSA RDS 80 - digital soldering station model in ERSAs new series of The high heat-up rating of 190
soldering stations. watts guarantees the immedi-
The ERSA RDS 80 digital sold- ing design and the large, digi- connecting cable; for chang- ate supply of heat and a heat-up
ering station offers ERSA tal multifunctional display do ing the tips we recommend time of 60 seconds from room
The ceramic PTC heating ele-
RESISTRONIC temperature not leave much to be tip changing tool 3 ZT 00164. temperature to 280 C.
ment functions simultaneously
control, tried and proven for desired.
many years and now with Besides the arbitrary tempe-
80 W heating power. rature selection between The light and slim Power
The ceramic PTC heating ele- 150 C and 450 C, three tool soldering iron has high
ment (positive temperature fixed temperatures or two thermal efficiency, and can
coefficient) acts as the tempe- fixed temperatures and one replace even ordinary, uncon-
rature sensor in this control standby temperature can be trolled soldering irons of up
system and ensures extreme- programmed. to 150 W power. The ERSA
ly fast heating thanks to the The device also has a cali- SENSOTRONIC control sys-
high initial output. brating and power-off feature, Multifunctional display tem with its thermocouple
The very high heating power in addition to a power bar temperature sensor inside the
and the large selection of sold- graph display. The potential soldering tip and thus near
ering tips allow a very wide equalization socket (with an the soldering track immedi-
range of applications. integrated 220 k resistor) ately reacts to any heat loss.
The heating system with the allows the soldering tip to be Practically delay-free reheat-
internally heated soldering equalized with the workplace ing and high temperature
tips has a high thermal effi- potential. constancy are ensured. The
ciency. The redesigned ergo- The RT 80 soldering iron has soldering tip is connected
nomic handle, the new hous- a sprayed-on, flexible PVC Application example ERSA ANALOG 80 A - the antistatic, indus- with high impedance to the
trially proven soldering station front-installed potential equal-
ization socket.
The antistatic, electronically the MIL-SPEC / ESA-standard The Power tool low-voltage
temperature-controlled, high- is the ideal tool for producing soldering iron has a highly
powered ERSA ANALOG 80 A solder joints with a high heat flexible, heat-resistant and
20 RT 80: very slim soldering iron featuring a large selection of soldering tips soldering station according to requirement. antistatic connecting cable. 21
Intelligent and Multi-Functional
One Station for Various Soldering and Desolderi ng Applications

ERSA Power tool


ERSA Micro tool

ERSA Tech tool


ERSA Chip tool

ERSA X-Tool
ERSA DIGITAL 2000 A: one station - five tools ERSA X-Tool - electronic, temperature-controlled desoldering station

The ERSA DIGITAL 2000 A is control characteristics accordin- The new ERSA X-Tool is a sensor very close to the desold- with the aid of a built-in solder
a top-class, microprocessor- gly adapted. The soldering and high-tech tool to desolder wired ering tip - all these combine to collector - all these outstanding
controlled soldering station dis- desoldering tips are therefore components from one-sided, ensure peak performance at all features make for an unrivaled
tinguished by its flexibility and always connected with high two-sided or multilayer circuit times. high-tech tool.
multifunctionality. It is antistatic impedance to the front-installed boards. In addition to this is the instant
according to the MIL-SPEC / potential equalization socket. availability of the vacuum im-
ESA standard and is designed In order to prevent any damage mediately after pressing the
for industrial use where high to the circuit boards or compo- button; the ergonomic form and
quality is demanded and for Cross-section of the ERSA Tech tool Power-temperature curve nents, the high performance of user-friendliness of the tool,
repairs and laboratory applica- Pre-tinned zone the X-Tool 120 W (preheating easy exchange of the inserted
tions. The device can alterna- K-type thermal
Primary Point of
measurement power 260 W) guarantees effi- desoldering tip, and the easy
tively be operated with various couple
Secondary Zone
cient desoldering with an ideal removal of the residual solder
soldering and desoldering tools. Heating zone of
high power ceramic
of measurement dwell time even under maximum
Besides the Power tool and
element
6 layer silver
based tip Power tool load lasting over an extended
Tech tool universal soldering period. The heat energy stored
irons, the Micro tool micro-sol- in the soldering tip; the powerful
dering iron, the Cip tool desol-
High temp.
stainless steel tip Tip change
heating elements in conjunction
with an extraordinarily proficient
housing
dering pincette and the X-Tool finger grip

desoldering iron can be con- heat transfer owing to outstand-


nected. ordinary heating element ing structural qualities of the
The tools are automatically removable desoldering tip; and
22 detected when inserted and the the presence of a temperature 23
ERSA SMD Rework Solutions - As Easy As 1-2-3

Micro tool SMD soldering iron 1 2 3


and the versatile ERSA Chip
tool desoldering tweezers. An
extensive range of ever grow-
ing soldering and desoldering
tips for SMD compliments these
tools. The ERSA Micro tool has
a range of long-lasting ERSA- 4 5 6
DUR soldering tips beginning at
0.2 mm making it ideal for very
fine and compact soldering work.
In addition, the revolutionary
ERSA MicroWell tip enables the
ERSA SMT UNIT 60 AC - SMT Fine-Pitch installation of Fine-Pitch SMDs
removal and installation within seconds within seconds. The desoldering
tip range of the ERSA Chip tool
Installation of Fine-Pitch components
The SMT UNIT 60 AC from work. The electronically tempe- desoldering pincette covers every- Upon the first sight the solder- pins on all sides of the compo- down onto the flat exterior por-
ERSA will handle virtually any rature-controlled, antistatic sta- thing from MELFs and MINI- ing of Fine-Pitch components nent. Clean the front and con- tion of the pins (5) and slow-
soldering job - whether it is SMD tion has two separately con- MELFs to SOIC packages, QFPs by hand seems to be a tough cave of the MicroWell tip with ly pull the tip across the pins
soldering, desoldering or repair troled tools: the ultra-light ERSA and PLCC 84. job, but with the right equip- a damp sponge. towards you (6). In this way
ment it is really easy: Insert the single soldering joints form
ERSA MicroWell soldering tip Fill the concave with solder optimally and evenly.
(1) into the ERSA Micro tool wire to slightly above the rim
soldering iron (2) and set a tip (4). Do not overfill the tip. Repeat steps (5) and (6) to
temperature of 285 to 295 C. solder the remaining sides.
Holding the Micro tool very
Then position the component lightly in your hand set the
(3) and fix two corner pins. filled tip with the ERSA Micro-
Apply flux (see page 28) to the Well side parallel to the PCB
Quick and easy SMD
Rework:
ERSA IR Rework and Inspection Solutions
A process description on Fine-
Pitch soldering and desoldering ERSA also offers lead-free-
of SMD components is available ready systems for complex
at: www.ersa.com rework to be carried out on
heavy-mass PCBs and large-
format SMT assemblies. The
Removal of residual solder
new ERSA IR/PL 650 A Rework
System is the latest product
of the globally successful IR
rework product line.

User-friendliness, fast rework


cycle times, a wide range of
rework applications and low
operating costs - these are the
well-known advantages of ERSA
IR Rework Systems.

24 Ultra-fine SMD soldering tip (0212 SD) Desoldering with ERSA Chip tool SMD-soldering with ERSA Micro tool IR/PL 650 A - the new standard in Rework 25
ERSA Tiffany Solutions ERSA CLEAN-AIR
Solder Fume Extraction
couple installed in the sold-
ering tip, provides extremely
high temperature stability.
With 290 watts, the powerful
ERSA soldering iron heats
up from room tempera-
ture to 280 C in only
60 seconds.

The many internal-


ly heated ERSA- EA 110 plus - Powerful solder fume
DUR long-life sol- extraction unit for thr workbench for
dering tips, designed up to 2 extraction arms. Please se-
in accordance with Tiffa- lect the extraction arms and nozzles
ny requirements, have an suitable for your requirements from
amazingly long service life. our wide range of accessories.
ERSA ANALOG 80 T
power
Thanks to the precise tempe- reserves com- Their special design allows
rature control, overheating of parable to those of uncon- optimal heat transfer, accord-
glass parts and copper foils trolled soldering irons with ing to the selected working
can be ruled out when using 150 watts. The ERSA SEN- temperature, resulting in
ERSA Tiffany soldering sta- SOTRONIC temperature con- nicely built-up or flat edges. The auxiliary equipment used via an extraction arm. Various
tions. They offer enormous trol system, with the thermo- in soft soldering, such as fluxes extraction nozzles and hoods
or glues, release noxious gases are available to optimally adapt
First class with heavy mass: ERSA Power Tiffany-Set when heated. Irritation of the eyes this arm to the respective condi-
ERSADUR Tiffany soldering tips and mucous membrane, dizzi- tions at the workbench.
ness and allergies are only some
ERSADUR soldering tip types resulting heat storage capaci- of the associated health hazards. The particle filters used have a
GD, LD and MD of the exten- ty, the gaps between the glass It is important to intercept the filtration efficiency better than
sive 832 line are perfectly suit- parts to be soldered can easily harmful particles as near as pos- 99.9 % according DOP testing
ed for Tiffany applications. and quickly be filled with sold- sible to their source in order to regulations. Dangerous gases
Due to their shape and their er. The ERSADUR treatment reduce health hazards. are filtered up to 99 % with acti-
heavy mass combined with the guarantees a long service life. vated carbon filters.
ERSA CLEAN-AIR extraction
systems perfectly follow this Furthermore, the system stands
The ERSA Tiffany soldering set principle. EASY ARM extraction out by its extremely low noise
is not only for beginners wanting systems extract solder fumes level.
to start work right away.

Packed in a practical plastic Activated carbon filters dangerous gas Application example Application example
case the set consists of the
Multi-TC soldering iron provid-
ing state-of-the-art temperature
control, Tiffany solder, liquid flux,
cleaning sponge and holder.

832 GD 832 LD 832 MD


26 27
Anything You Need for Soldering: Process material s and Practical Accessories from ERSA

ERSA SR 100 ERSA solder wire feed unit


solder wire dispenser
This solder wire dispenser is The ERSA LVE electric solder
the ideal addition to any solder- wire feed unit feeds solder wire
ing workbench. It is designed precisely and functions as your
to handle different reel sizes missing third hand during sol-
(250/500/1,000 g). The vari- dering work. The solder wire
able solder wire guide accom- feed can be adjusted contin-
modates different solder wire uously. The solder wire is fed
diameters and allows the solder ERSA solder baths to the soldering tip in a teflon
wire feed to be adjusted quickly Electrically heated melting pots, tube, which ensures that it will
to the correct position without the ideal for dip-tinning wick ends, not jam during operation. There
need to move the ERSA SR 100. connection wires and cable is no longer need to go through
The ERSA SR 101 add-on is for plugs. They are available for 40 the laborious process of thread-
using a second solder wire reel. up to 15,700 g of solder. ing the wire into the feed when
changing the solder wire reel.

ERSA VAC and Soldapullt


desoldering pumps

Outstanding features of the


industrially proven desoldering
pumps from ERSA are the high
pumping performance and low
backlash desoldering proper-
ties. The antistatic models allow
carefree desoldering of electro-
statically irritable assemblies.
ERSA solder wire ERSA desoldering wicks ERSA SMD flux cream After melting the solder with a
In accordance to various solder- ERSA desoldering wicks are Ideal for SMD soldering even soldering iron, it is quickly and
ing applications, ERSA solder indispensable for effectively and on finest PCBs, especially for completely sucked off.
wire is available in different gently removing flux and solder ERSA SolderWell soldering. The long, slim desolder-
alloys and diameters. residue via capillary action. ing tips also make work on
closely assembled boards pos-
sible.

ERSA DTM 50 and DTM 100 checking of the soldering


temperature measuring devices tip temperature is obliga-
tory. Viewed through
This tool is ideal for calibrating their entire service
temperature values in accor- life, ERSA solder-
dance with ISO 9000ff. Thanks ing stations are
to its innovative technology, the extremely tempe-
temperature measuring device rature-stable
ERSA holders ERSA sponges ERSA tip exchanger measures temperature quick- depending on
For safe and ergonomic posi- Sponges to clean the hot sold- For safe and rapid changing of ly and accurately even on the the system.
tioning of the soldering iron ering tip from solder residues nearly all ERSA soldering and finest of soldering tips. The DTM 100 is equipped with a patented
sensor unit (K-type) with sensor wires made
while heating-up or having a right before soldering. desoldering tips. In certified businesses and from of chromel and alumel. It provides exact
28 break. a quality standpoint, regular DTM 50 temperatures of even finest soldering tips. 29
Visual Inspection Made by ERSA ERSA - Your Competent
Soldering Partner
ERSAs vision for the future of There are people who are driv- technology which we offer pro- ERSA Know-How Seminars
quality assurance are total hard- en to perfection in what they fessionals in trade and industry.
ware/software solutions. With do - athletes, artists and even More than ever, cost effective
the ERSA ImageDoc quality engineers are among them. The basis for this is our com- production and exceptional qua-
assurance software, a tool was For us at ERSA for example, plete line of soldering and lity are the basis for competing
developed revolutionizing pro- everything is centered around desoldering products, which can successfully in todays world.
soft soldering. be found with all neccessary Our seminars are the ideal
We want to make soldering as technical and order data in our forum for providing training and
simple and as valuable in quali- catalogues listed below. an exchange of knowledge and
ty as possible for our users with experience. Leading experts in
sophisticated and economical the field, with both scientific and
solutions. practical backgrounds, give an
By making improvements and insight into the current issues
innovations, we want to con- in theory and practice. ERSA
stantly improve and promote seminars are both informative
this effort. and practical for small, medium
and large sized operations.
To see is to survive Micro-BGAs and Flip-Chips by cess control together with the Just as automobiles in series
looking under the component. ERSA inspection systems. production profit from Formula
Technology transfer
The miniaturization trend and Furthermore visual images of 1 race cars, ERSA hobby users
growing competitive pres- interior fillets of, e. g. PQFP The operator dependent deci- profit from the soft soldering
In order to implement tech-
sure increasingly challenge the and PLCC components can be sion making process which nology transfer, we offer free,
electronics industry. Inspection obtained quickly and easily. was subjective, based on the specific process descriptions
of solder joints and PCBs has With images from particularly knowledge of the individual now on SMD soldering and desold-
become an essential part in every angle and an enormous becomes objective through the ering, as well as interesting
Total-Quality-Management. magnification range this flexib- various expert databases. scientifically well-researched
le solution for the workbench technical articles on the latest
So far, it was only possible to offers a multitude of applicati- The ImageDoc software allows technologies and
examine solder joints superfi- ons such as the inspection of for inspection and measure- developments in
cially or the entire PCB was de- solder paste deposition, stencil ment, classification, analyses, the field.
thickness, via-hole diameters, action and documentation. With These represent
adhesive dots or component featues such as the integrated an ideal aid to all
coplanarity before soldering. problem/solution database, users and are an
The MAGNISCOPE unit pro- automatic measurement, refer- integral part of
vides top views with up to 700 x ence pictures etc. the system continuing ser-
magnification. becomes an invaluable process vice.
control tool.

Visit us in the internet: www.ersa.com

Literature:
stroyed. ERSA recogni-
zed this need and, with the Hans G. Scheib: Hans Schmidtke: Walter Wuich:
ERSASCOPE inspection Werkstattbuch Tiffany Lttechnik in der Elektronik Kleben, Lten, Schweien
system, engineered the first Augustus Verlag Augsburg 1991 Fachschriftenverlag Aargauer Tagblatt Leuchtturm-Verlag
AG, Aarau/Schweiz, Vertrieb in Deutsch-
optical system to visually B.F. Mller: Weichlten land: AT-Fachverlag GmbH, Stuttgart Lehrgang fr berufliche Bildung
inspect hidden solder joints Blaue TR-Reihe, Heft 127 Lten, 10 bungen mit Lernzielen und
under the component without Verlag Technische Rundschau in Rudolf Strauss: Kenntnisvermittlung, herausgegeben
Hallwag Verlag, Bern und Stuttgart Das Lten fr den Praktiker vom Bundesinstitut fr Berufsbildungs-
destroying it. Franzis-Verlag forschung, Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin,
The optical unit offers a cross- B. F. Mller: Zinn Taschenbuch, Walter Wuich: Kln, Frankfurt/M
30 sectional visual image of BGAs, ERSASCOPE 2 Metall-Verlag GmbH, Berlin 33 Lten, kurz und bndig, Vogel Verlag 31
ERSA GmbH
Leonhard-Karl-Strae 24
97877 Wertheim/Germany
Phone +49 (0)9342/800-0
Fax +49 (0)9342/800-250
e-mail: info@ersa.de
http://www.ersa.com
97596 - 0805 subject to changes by ERSA, Wertheim, Germany