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ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 17, 2012 5:48 pm Show Tags

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Some 700+ GMAT quantitative questions will require you to know and understand the formulas for set theory, presenting three
sets and asking various questions about them. There are two main formulas to solve questions involving three overlapping sets.
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1
SajjadAhmad
FIRST FORMULA 34 pt
2
stonecold
T otal = A + B + C (sum of 2 group overlaps) + (all three) + Neither. 32 pt
3
EMPOWERgmatRichC
Let's see how this formula is derived. 31 pt
4
Bunuel
When we add three groups A, B, and C some sections are counted more than once. For instance: sections d, e, and f are 30 pt
counted twice and section g thrice. Hence we need to subtract sections d, e, and f ONCE (to count section g only once) and 5
Narenn
subtract section g TWICE (again to count section g only once). 29 pt
6
In the formula above, sum of 2 group overlaps = AnB + AnC + BnC, where AnB means intersection of A and B Sirakri
24 pt
(sections d, and g), AnC means intersection of A and C (sections e, and g), and BnC means intersection of B and C (sections f, 7
and g). bb
23 pt
7
Now, when we subtract AnB (d, and g), AnC (e, and g), and BnC (f, and g) from A + B + C, we are subtract sections d, e, StoicBread
23 pt
and f ONCE BUT section g THREE TIMES (and we need to subtract section g only twice), therefor we should add only section g, 8
which is intersection of A, B and C (AnBnC) again to get Vyshak
22 pt
T otal = A + B + C (sum of 2 group overlaps) + (all three) + Neither. 8
danny407
22 pt
SECOND FORMULA Your position
rawat2583
T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 (all three) + Neither
. 0 pt
Earn more points and redeem rewards
Here is how
Notice that EXACTLY (only) 2-group overlaps is not the same as 2-group overlaps: LATEST ACTIVITY
ppblaza08
Elements which are common only for A and B are in section d (so elements which are common ONLY for A and B refer to the Timers
elements which are in A and B but not in C); 3m ago
montys80

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Posts
Author Message
3m ago
CrackVerbalGMAT
Replies
4m ago
Elements which are common only for A and C are in section e; CrackVerbalGMAT
Posts
Elements which are common only for B and C are in section f. 4m ago
Reko8912
Timers
Let's see how this formula is derived. 9m ago
ariiet
Again: when we add three groups A, B, and C some sections are counted more than once. For instance: sections d, e, and f are Timers
9m ago
counted twice and section g thrice. Hence we need to subtract sections d, e, and f ONCE (to count section g only once) and bindu.sri822@gmail.com
subtract section g TWICE (again to count section g only once). Timers
13m ago
Rishi Bagadia
When we subtract sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps from A+B+C we subtract sections d, e, and f once (fine) and Timers
13m ago
next we need to subtract ONLY section g (AnBnC ) twice. That's it. tenergy
Timers
13m ago
Now, how this concept can be represented in GMAT problem? cherrilash
Profile
18m ago
Example 1: cherrilash
Workers are grouped by their areas of expertise, and are placed on at least one team. 20 are on the marketing team, 30 Deep Dive
are on the Sales team, and 40 are on the Vision team. 5 workers are on both the Marketing and Sales teams, 6 workers 18m ago
saadharis
are on both the Sales and Vision teams, 9 workers are on both the Marketing and Vision teams, and 4 workers are on all Posts
three teams. How many workers are there in total? 19m ago
sambhav12
Timers
Translating: 20m ago
"are placed on at least one team": members of none =0; Timers
"20 are on the marketing team": M=20; 20m ago
"30 are on the Sales team": S=30; kapilmadan
Timers
"40 are on the Vision team": V=40; 22m ago
"5 workers are on both the Marketing and Sales teams": MnS=5, note here that some from these 5 can be the members of Vision
GMAT CLUB MEMBER PROJECTS:
team as well, MnS is sections d an g on the diagram (assuming Marketing = A, Sales = B and Vision = C);
"6 workers are on both the Sales and Vision teams": SnV=6 (the same as above sections f an g);
"9 workers are on both the Marketing and Vision teams": MnV=9. 5,769 Decision Tracker
"4 workers are on all three teams": MnSnV=4, section 4. Decisions

Question: Total=? 464 Bschool Reviews

Applying first formula as we have intersections of two groups and not the number of only (exactly) 2 group members:
6,746 User-veried Reviews
T otal = M + S + V (MnS + MnV + SnV ) + MnSnV + Neither = 20 + 30 + 40 (5 + 6 + 9) + 4 + 0 = 74.

Answer: 74. Discuss this question HERE. 7,915,326 Timers Taken

Example 2: 1215 Premium Members


Each of the 59 members in a high school class is required to sign up for a minimum of one and a maximum of three active
academic clubs. The three clubs to choose from are the poetry club, the history club, and the writing club. A total of 22
students sign up for the poetry club, 27 students for the history club, and 28 students for the writing club. If 6 students
sign up for exactly two clubs, how many students sign up for all three clubs?

Translating:
37 GMAT Courses to Compare
"Each of the 59 members in a high school class is required to sign up for a minimum of one and a maximum of three academic
clubs": Total=59, Neither=0 (as members are required to sign up for a minimum of one);
"22 students sign up for the poetry club": P=22; 26 Admissions Consulting
"27 students for the history club": H=27; Packages to Compare
"28 students for the writing club": W=28;
"6 students sign up for exactly two clubs": (sum of EXACTLY 2-group overlaps)=6, so the sum of sections d, e, and f is given to 1753 Paid & Free questions in
be 6, (among these 6 students there are no one who is a member of ALL 3 clubs) GMAT Club Tests

Question:: "How many students sign up for all three clubs?" --> PnHnW = g =?
TODAY'S TOP 10 IN OVERALL RATING
Apply second formula: T otal = P + H + W (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 PnHnW + Neither
--> 59 = 22 + 27 + 28 6 2 x + 0--> x = 6.
#1 Bunuel 2715 pts
Answer: 6. Discuss this question HERE.

Example 3: #2 sayantanc2k 2235 pts

Of 20 Adults, 5 belong to A, 7 belong to B, and 9 belong to C. If 2 belong to all three organizations and 3 belong to exactly
2 organizations, how many belong to none of these organizations? #3 SajjadAhmad 750 pts

Translating:
"20 Adults": Total=20; #4 rohit8865 705 pts
"5 belong to A, 7 belong to B, and 9 belong to C": A=5, B=7, and C=9;
"2 belong to all three organizations": AnBnC=g=2;
"3 belong to exactly 2 organizations": (sum of EXACTLY 2-group overlaps)=3, so the sum of sections d, e, and f is given to be 3, #5 ScottTargetTestP 660 pts
(among these 3 adults there are no one who is a member of ALL 3 clubs)
#6 Abhishek009 630 pts
Question:: Neither=?

Apply second formula: T otal= A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 AnBnC + Neither--> #7 stonecold 570 pts
20 = 5 + 7 + 9 3 2 2 + Neither--> Neither = 6.

Answer: 6. Discuss this question HERE. #8 VeritasPrepKaris 495 pts

Example 4:
#9 MathRevolution 480 pts
This semester, each of the 90 students in a certain class took at least one course from A, B, and C. If 60 students took A,
40 students took B, 20 students took C, and 5 students took all the three, how many students took exactly two courses?
#10 JeTargetTestPrep 465 pts
Translating:
"90 students": Total=90; YOUR EXPECTED RANK TOMORROW
"of the 90 students in a certain class took at least one course from A, B, and C": Neither=0; IN OVERALL RATING
"60 students took A, 40 students took B, 20 students took C": A=60, B=40, and C=20;
"5 students took all the three courses": AnBnC=g=5;
0 pts
#0 rawat2583
Question:: (sum of EXACTLY 2-group ov erlaps)=?

Apply second formula: T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 AnBnC + Neither-->
90 = 60 + 40 + 20 x 2 5 + 0--> x = 20.
SEE TOP100 OVERALL RATING
Answer: 20. Discuss this question HERE. USERS

Example 5:
In the city of San Durango, 60 people own cats, dogs, or rabbits. If 30 people owned cats, 40 owned dogs, 10 owned
rabbits, and 12 owned exactly two of the three types of pet, how many people owned all three?
VERIFIED REVIEW

Translating:
"60 people own cats, dogs, or rabbits": Total=60; and Neither=0; With more than 180 hours of
"30 people owned cats, 40 owned dogs, 10 owned rabbits": A=30, B=40, and C=10; educational GMAT material
"12 owned exactly two of the three types of pet": (sum of EXACTLY 2-group overlaps)=12; available at any time, paired with a
user-friendly system that allows
Question:: AnBnC=g=? the student to bend the course to
their personal needs, there isnt

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Author Message much room for improvement.

- By Malci

Apply second formula: T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 AnBnC + Neither-->
60 = 30 + 40 + 10 12 2 x + 0--> x = 4.

Answer: 4. Discuss this question HERE.

Example 6:
When Professor Wang looked at the rosters for this term's classes, she saw that the roster for her economics class (E) had
26 names, the roster for her marketing class (M) had 28, and the roster for her statistics class (S) had 18. When she
compared the rosters, she saw that E and M had 9 names in common, E and S had 7, and M and S had 10. She also saw that
4 names were on all 3 rosters. If the rosters for Professor Wang's 3 classes are combined with no student's name listed READ MORE ...

more than once, how many names will be on the combined roster?

Translating:
CURRENT APPLICANT BLOGS
"E had 26 names, M had 28, and S had 18": E=26, M=28, and S=18;
"E and M had 9 names in common, E and S had 7, and M and S had 10": EnM=9, EnS=7, and MnS=10; Reflections on UCLA Anderson
"4 names were on all 3 rosters": EnMnS=g=4; Happy New Year everyone! Before I get
started on this post, and well, restarted on this
Question:: Total=? blog in general, I wanted to mention something.
For the past several months...

Apply first formula: T otal = A + B + C (sum of 2 group overlaps) + (all three) + Neither--> By MBAreapplicant84

T otal = 26 + 28 + 18 (9 + 7 + 10) + 4 + 0--> Total = 50.


Re-introduction
Its quickly approaching two years since I last
Answer: 50. Discuss this question HERE. wrote anything on this blog. A lot has happened
since then. When I last posted, I had just
Example 7: gotten back from...
There are 50 employees in the office of ABC Company. Of these, 22 have taken an accounting course, 15 have taken a By MBAreapplicant84
course in finance and 14 have taken a marketing course. Nine of the employees have taken exactly two of the courses
and 1 employee has taken all three of the courses. How many of the 50 employees have taken none of the courses?

Translating: CURRENT STUDENT BLOGS


"There are 50 employees in the office of ABC Company": Total=50;
"22 hav e taken an accounting course, 15 hav e taken a course in finance and 14 have taken a marketing course"; A=22, B=15, and GRADUATION!!!
The words of John ODonohue ring in my head
C=14; every time I reflect on the transformative,
"Nine of the employees hav e taken exactly two of the courses": (sum of EXACTLY 2-group overlaps)=9; euphoric, life-changing, demanding, emotional,
"1 employee has taken all three of the courses": AnBnC=g=1; and great year that 2016 was! The fourth to...

By j2insead
Question:: None=?
The Wharton Exchange- worth it?
Apply second formula: T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 AnBnC + None--> I never thought I would be writing this post
50 = 22 + 15 + 14 9 2 1 + None --> None = 10. after my INSEAD experience but that says a lot
about the long transformative year that 2016
was. I am now...
Answer: 10. Discuss this question HERE.
By j2insead

Example 8 (hard):
In a consumer survey, 85% of those surveyed liked at least one of three products: 1, 2, and 3. 50% of those asked liked
product 1, 30% liked product 2, and 20% liked product 3. If 5% of the people in the survey liked all three of the products, GMAT RESOURCES
what percentage of the survey participants liked more than one of the three products?
Study Plan
Translating:
"85% of those surveyed liked at least one of three products: 1, 2, and 3": Total=100%. Also, since 85% of those surveyed liked at Best Math Books
least one of three products then 15% liked none of three products, thus None=15%;
GMAT Course Reviews
"5% of the people in the surv ey liked all three of the products": AnBnC=g=5%;
GMAT Scores
Question:: what percentage of the survey participants liked more than one of the three products?
GMAT ToolKit for iPhone
Apply second formula:
GMAT Marketplace
Total = {liked product 1} + {liked product 2} + {liked product 3} - {liked exactly two products} - 2*{liked exactly three
product} + {liked none of three products} GMAT Files & Downloads

100 = 50 + 30 + 20 x 2 5 + 15--> x = 5, so 5% liked exactly two products. More than one product liked those who New to the Math Forum?
liked exactly two products, (5%) plus those who liked exactly three products (5%), so 5+5=10% liked more than one product.
Rules for Posting
Answer: 10%. Discuss this question HERE.
Math Book

Example 9 (hard): Questions Banks


In a class of 50 students, 20 play Hockey, 15 play Cricket and 11 play Football. 7 play both Hockey and Cricket, 4 play
Cricket and Football and 5 play Hockey and football. If 18 students do not play any of these given sports, how many
students play exactly two of these sports?

Translating:
"In a class of 50 students...": Total=50;
"20 play Hockey, 15 play Cricket and 11 play Football": H=20, C=15, and F=11;
"7 play both Hockey and Cricket, 4 play Cricket and Football and 5 play Hockey and football": HnC=7, CnF=4, and HnF=5. Notice
that "7 play both Hockey and Cricket" does not mean that out of those 7, some does not play Football too. The same for
Cricket/Football and Hockey/Football;
"18 students do not play any of these given sports": Neither=18.

Question:: how many students play exactly two of these sports?

Apply first formula:

{Total}={Hockey}+{Cricket}+{Football}-{HC+CH+HF}+{All three}+{Neither}

50=20+15+11-(7+4+5)+{All three}+18 --> {All three}=2; BEST GMAT DISCUSSIONS

Those who play ONLY Hockey and Cricket are 7-2=5; ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT 32
Those who play ONLY Cricket and Football are 4-2=2; ! ! ! by Bunuel
Those who play ONLY Hockey and Football are 5-2=3;
Math: Number 30
Hence, 5+2+3=10 students play exactly two of these sports. Theory by Bunuel

Answer: 10. Discuss this question HERE.


GMAT MATH BOOK in 27
downloadable PDF
Example 10 (hard DS question on three overlapping sets): format by Bunuel
A student has decided to take GMAT and TOEFL examinations, for which he has allocated a certain number of days for
preparation. On any given day, he does not prepare for both GMAT and TOEFL. How many days did he allocate for the 22 ONLINE FREE (FULL 26
preparation? LENGTH) GMAT CAT
(PRACTICE TESTS) LINK
(1) He did not prepare for GMAT on 10 days and for TOEFL on 12 days. COLLECTION by GMATinsight
(2) He prepared for either GMAT or TOEFL on 14 days
Official Guide 2017 Directory 24
We hav e: {Total} = {GMAT } + {TOEFL} - {Both} + {Neither}. Since we are told that "on any giv en day, he does not prepare for [quantitative] by walker
both GMAT and TOEFL", then {Both} = 0, so {Total} = {GMAT } + {TOEFL} + {Neither}. We need to find {Total}

(1) He did not prepare for GMAT on 10 days and for TOEFL on 12 days --> {Total} - {GMAT } = 10 and {Total} - {TOEFL} =12. Not

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Author Message QUANT EXPERT ADVICE

Just take 15 minutes to study each


sufficient. day, and you will be amazed by your
(2) He prepared for either GMAT or TOEFL on 14 days --> {GMAT } + {TOEFL} = 14. Not sufficient. significant improvement in GMAT Math
!
Math is all about "habit". Did you know that
(1)+(2) We hav e three linear equations ({Total} - {GMAT } = 10, {Total} - {TOEFL} =12 and {GMAT } + {TOEFL} = 14) with three rather than studying intensely in a short period
unknowns ({Total}, {GMAT }, and {TOEFL}), so we can solve for all of them. Sufficient. of time,

Just to illustrate. Solving gives: Recording of Math Revolution 6th


{Total} = 18 - he allocate total of 18 days for the preparation; Webinar(Aug.24)
Thank you for attending our 6th Math
{GMAT } = 8 - he prepared for the GMAT on 8 days;
Revolution Webinar. We would like to thank you
{TOEFL} = 6 - he prepared for the TOEFL on 6 days; for taking your valuable
{Neither} = 4 - he prepared for neither of them on 4 days.
Conventional Approach vs. Math
Answer: C. Discuss this question HERE. Revolution Approach
Get the best training about solving questions
Example 11 (disguised three overlapping sets problem): with ease, speed and accuracy to hit a score of
51. Enjoy
Three people each took 5 tests. If the ranges of their scores in the 5 practice tests were 17, 28 and 35, what is the
minimum possible range in scores of the three test-takers?
Recording of Math Revolution 5th
A. 17 Webinar(Aug.04)
B. 28 Thank you for attending our 5th Math
C. 35 Revolution Webinar. We would like to thank you
D. 45 for taking your valuable
E. 80
Conventional Approach vs. Math
Consider this problem to be an overlapping sets problem: Revolution Approach
Get the best training about solving questions
# of people in group A is 17; with ease, speed and accuracy to hit a score of
# of people in group B is 28; 51. Enjoy
# of people in group C is 35;

What is the minimum # of total people possible in all 3 groups? Clearly if two smaller groups A and B are subsets of bigger group
C (so if all people who are in A are also in C and all people who are in B are also in C), then total # of people in all 3 groups will LATEST KUDOS
be 35. Minimum # of total people cannot possibly be less than 35 since there are already 35 people in group C.
All +700 GmatPrep questions and
Answer: C. answers. by Bunuel

P.S. Notice that max range for the original question is not limited when the max # of people in all 3 groups for revised question 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word
is 17+28+35 (in case there is 0 overlap between the 3 groups). Problems Made Easy
by sriharimurthy
Answer: C. Discuss this question HERE.
What arithmetic should I
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ memorize? by AtifS
For more questions on overlapping sets check our Question Banks
Data Sufficiency Questions on Overlapping Sets What arithmetic should I
Problem Solving Questions on Overlapping Sets memorize? by jeckll

What arithmetic should I


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carcass Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 17, 2012 6:39 pm
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20 This post received
KUDOS 3 This post was
BOOKMARKED
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This was excatly what I needed to tackle advance OS, eventhough, through practice and observation and analysis i came to the
same result.

however, I post that highlighting all in the same place is awesome

thanks Bunuel
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bagdbmba Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 21, 2012 12:11 am
BSchool Forum Moderator
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3 This post received
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Bunuel,
Needless to say that you're awesome through your Knowledge sharing and posts... Kudos man.

Very helpful post it'll be for the Club I believe.

@Carcaas: Thanks for making the offline version..


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saidba Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 22, 2012 12:37 am
Intern
Bookmark
this post

I'm sorry, can someone explain the distinction on when to use which Formula. What are the factors that would define the use of
Formula 1 vs Formula 2, and v ice versa?

Thanks in advance, and appreciate the great write up!

Joined: 07 Apr 2012


Posts: 33
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(A), Haas '16 (D), Duke '16 (M),
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Estate)
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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 23, 2012 8:38 pm
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3 This post received
KUDOS Expert's post this post

saidba wrote:

I'm sorry, can someone explain the distinction on when to use which Formula. What are the factors that would define the
use of Formula 1 vs Formula 2, and vice v ersa?

Thanks in advance, and appreciate the great write up!


Joined: 03 Sep 2009
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cumulonimbus Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Jun 15, 2013 7:18 pm
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Hi Bunnel,

Can we add one more formula here:

True # of objects = (total in exactly 1 group) + (total in exactly 2 groups) + (total in exactly 3 groups)

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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Jul 11, 2013 1:35 pm
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Aldossari Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Sep 28, 2013 3:49 am
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Hey Bunuel

the two formulas are for problems with 3 groups, but what if Im dealing with 2 groups problems?

do I just need to omit the "all three" part in the formulas???


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TMax Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 21, 2013 5:44 am
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Brilliant. Even though I can always solve this kind of problem from scratch, I take more than 2 minutes to do so. How important
is it to memorize these formulas?

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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 21, 2013 12:36 pm
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Theeraya wrote:

Brilliant. Even though I can always solve this kind of problem from scratch, I take more than 2 minutes to do so. How
important is it to memorize these formulas?

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It's important to understand this formulas but I'd advise to memorize them too.
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TMax Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 21, 2013 1:26 pm
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Bunuel wrote:

Theeraya wrote:

Brilliant. Ev en though I can always solve this kind of problem from scratch, I take more than 2 minutes to do so. How
important is it to memorize these formulas?

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Thanks. Haha. I didn't realize it was a strange question. I have limited time to study so I prefer to memorize things as little as
possible. I guess these formulas are worth memorizing.
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jabgars Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 30, 2013 5:03 am
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I am trying to understand the formula rather than actually memorizing it but I'm stuck when Bunuel says "Sum of 2-group
overlaps" vs. "Sum of exactly 2-group overlaps". He did try to explain the difference but somehow I feel like the 2nd formula is

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the only correct formula.


Maybe if someone could just explain when to use which formula I might be able to understand or memorize it better.
Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks

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Aldossari Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 30, 2013 12:43 pm
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jabgars wrote:

I am trying to understand the formula rather than actually memorizing it but I'm stuck when Bunuel says "Sum of 2-group
ov erlaps" vs. "Sum of exactly 2-group overlaps". He did try to explain the difference but somehow I feel like the 2nd formula
Status: preparing for the GMAT is the only correct formula.
Joined: 17 Jul 2013 Maybe if someone could just explain when to use which formula I might be able to understand or memorize it better.
Posts: 40 Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
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use "exactly 2" formula only when the question giv es you exactly 2-group overlaps, otherwise use the first formula.
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Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 5 this becomes really confusing when the question is asking for the sum of 2-group overlaps, and the question does not mention
whether it is exactly 2 or not. In such problems I use the exactly 2-group formula, I do not know why, but all the problem of this
FOLLOW SEND PM type are solved by the second formula.

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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 30, 2013 2:07 pm
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jabgars wrote:

I am trying to understand the formula rather than actually memorizing it but I'm stuck when Bunuel says "Sum of 2-group
ov erlaps" vs. "Sum of exactly 2-group overlaps". He did try to explain the difference but somehow I feel like the 2nd formula
is the only correct formula.
Maybe if someone could just explain when to use which formula I might be able to understand or memorize it better.
Joined: 03 Sep 2009 Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
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Please read the post carefully. There are problems solved by the first formula.
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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Oct 30, 2013 2:08 pm
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Aldossari wrote:

jabgars wrote:

I am trying to understand the formula rather than actually memorizing it but I'm stuck when Bunuel says "Sum of 2-group
overlaps" vs. "Sum of exactly 2-group overlaps". He did try to explain the difference but somehow I feel like the 2nd
Joined: 03 Sep 2009 formula is the only correct formula.
Posts: 36367 Maybe if someone could just explain when to use which formula I might be able to understand or memorize it better.
Followers: 7005 Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
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use "exactly 2" formula only when the question gives you exactly 2-group ov erlaps, otherwise use the first formula.

this becomes really confusing when the question is asking for the sum of 2-group overlaps, and the question does not
mention whether it is exactly 2 or not. In such problems I use the exactly 2-group formula, I do not know why, but all the
problem of this type are solved by the second formula.

maybe someone can explain?

Really don't know what can I add to the post. Maybe you should practice more.

DS Overlapping Sets Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=45


PS Overlapping Sets Problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=65
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3111987 Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 18, 2013 9:41 am
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Dear Bunuel,
huge thanks for this post:
I'm trying to find difference between two given formulas in order to apply them correctly.

Am I right to say that formula #1 applicable to GENERAL CASES


FIRST FORMULA

Joined: 12 Oct 2013 T otal = A + B + C (sum of 2 group overlaps) + (all three) + Neither.
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while formula#2 might be used ONLY when in premise says something as belong/ include ONLY to two groups/categories?
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T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 (all three) + Neither
.
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Thanks a lot for help-you are my hero!
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Bunuel Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Dec 18, 2013 3:22 pm
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3111987 wrote:

Dear Bunuel,

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huge thanks for this post:


I'm trying to find difference between two giv en formulas in order to apply them correctly.

Am I right to say that formula #1 applicable to GENERAL CASES


FIRST FORMULA

T otal = A + B + C (sum of 2 group overlaps) + (all three) + Neither.

while formula#2 might be used ONLY when in premise says something as belong/ include ONLY to two groups/categories?
SECOND FORMULA
Joined: 03 Sep 2009
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T otal = A + B + C (sum of EXACT LY 2 group overlaps) 2 (all three) + Neither.
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Yes, you can generalize this way. Check examples in my post to verify.
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Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7
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ckings45 Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Mar 14, 2014 10:28 pm
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Signed up just to comment.

Flawless. Works like a charm. Too good to be true!!!

Posted from my mobile device

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asagraw Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Jul 15, 2014 12:23 pm
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Hi Bunuel,

I am not able to understand first formula. As you mentioned "When we add three groups A, B, and C some sections are counted
more than once. For instance: sections d, e, and f are counted twice and section g thrice." but aren't we counting g six times?
Please explain as I am very much confused with this. Thanks.

Regards,
Ashish

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Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Jul 15, 2014 2:43 pm

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this post

Bunuel wrote:

Theeraya wrote:

Brilliant. Ev en though I can always solve this kind of problem from scratch, I take more than 2 minutes to do so. How
important is it to memorize these formulas?

Joined: 28 Apr 2014 Strange question.


Posts: 291
It's important to understand this formulas but I'd advise to memorize them too.
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FOLLOW SEND PM Adding to the excellent post of Bunuel , I think that memorising this formula is not required if one has the clarity of the
concept and the figure in mind. I would rather devote my limited memory to learn geometry formulae which can't be derived
easily but then to each his own

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gmatclubot Re: ADVANCED OVERLAPPING SETS PROBLEMS [#permalink] Jul 15, 2014 2:43 pm

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