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18 May 2012 19:32:14 - EndPlateConnectionKrishnamurthy1978.

sm

END-PLATE CONNECTION DESIGN


*adapted from N. Krishnamurthy (1978)

Given:
W16x45 section:
d 16.12 in
b 7.039 in
f
t 0.563 in
f
t 0.346 in
w
3
S 72.5 in

Steel Grade A36,


F 36.0 ksi
y
F 27.0 ksi
p
Bolt Grade A325,
F 44.0 ksi
bt
F 93.0 ksi
bu

Maximum bending moment for maximum bending stress of 0.66 F_y,


M S 0.66 F
b y M 1722.6 kip in
b
Nominal flange force,
M
b
F F 110.728 kip
f d t f
f
Bolt area per row,
F
f
a 0.5 2
t F a 1.258 in
bt t

Provide bolt,
d 1 in
b
1 2 2
A 2 d A 1.571 in
b 4 b b

msg if A a
b t
"satisfied"
else
"not satisfied" msg "satisfied"

Set edge distance,


d 1.75 d
e b d 1.75 in
e
Set bolt distance at (say) 1.5 diameters,
p 1.5 d
f b p 1.5 in
f

Set weld size w_s to transfer F_f to the end plate,


Weld Grade E70
1
w in
s 2

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18 May 2012 19:32:14 - EndPlateConnectionKrishnamurthy1978.sm

Effective bolt distance,


p p 0.25 d 0.707 w
e f b s p 0.896 in
e
Split-tee moment,
F p
f e
M M 24.817 kip in
t 2 2 t
Material coefficient,
0.4 0.5
F F
y bt
C 1.29 C 1.127
a F F a
bu p

Minimum plate width:


b b 2 w
smin f s b 8.039 in
smin
Set plate width,
b 8.5 in
s

msg if b b msg "satisfied"


s smin
"satisfied"
else
"not satisfied"
Width correction factor,
0.5
b
f
C C 0.91
b b b
s

Area of beam tension flange,


A b t 2
f f f 3.963 in
A
f
Area of beam web (between the two flanges),
A t d 2 t 2
w w f A 5.188 in
w
Hence,
A p
f e
0.764 0.896
A d
w b

Moment modification factor,


0.32 0.25
A p
f e 0.915
C C m
m a b A d
w b

Design moment,
M M M 22.712 kip in
d m t d

End-plate thickness,
6 M
d
t
smin b F t 0.771 in
s p smin
Try,
13
t in
s 16

msg if t t
s smin
"satisfied"
else msg "satisfied"
"not satisfied"

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18 May 2012 19:32:14 - EndPlateConnectionKrishnamurthy1978.sm

Check effective plate width,


b b 2 w t b 8.852 in
e f s s e

msg if b b
e s
"satisfied"
else
"not satisfied" msg "satisfied"

Check maximum shear stress,


F
f
f
s 2 b t f 8.017 ksi
s s s
Allowable shear stress,
f 0.4 F f 14.4 ksi
as y as

msg if f f
as s
"satisfied"
else
"not satisfied"
f
s
0.557
f
as
msg "satisfied"

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