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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report

Design of Abutment

DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURE AND FOUNDATION


(Abutment A1 )

SPAN :36m c/c of expansion joints

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

Basloi River A1 Dimension Details


0.3
FRL 99.5

0.2
0.18 2.325
0.12

0.35
0.3
15.1
0.3
0.31
0.000
HFL= 95.5

1.300

GL= 90.004

1.400

4.000 FDNL 84.400 3.200 0.700

8.500

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
CONTENTS

Chapter No. Description Page No.


DESIGN OF ABUTMEENT
1 INTRODUCTION 1
2 DESIGN DATA 2
3 CALCULATION OF LOADS ON ABUTMENT 4
4 CALCULATION OF LOADS ON FOUNDATION 8
5 DESIGN OF FOUNDATION 17
6 DESIGN OF ABUTMENT 20
7 DESIGN OF DIRT WALL 28
8 DESIGN OF RETURN WALL 29

ANNEXURES
ANNEXURE A SEISMIC DATA A-1
ANNEXURE B CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS B-1
ANNEXURE C CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE C-1
ANNEXURE D CALCULATION OF BUOYANCY D-1
ANNEXURE E CALCULATION OF LONGITUDINAL FORCES AND E-1
TRANSVERSE MOMENT

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 1
Introduction

Consultancy Services for preperation of Feasibility cum Detailed Project Report for proposed
High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river with appraoch Road in Kapali to SuwarnRekha
river(on Kanderbera-Domuhani road) in state of Jharkhand (2nd bridge)

Code of reference
IRC: 5-1997
IRC: 6-2010
IRC: 21-2000
IRC: 78-2000
IS: 6403-1981

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 2

Design Data

2.1 Design Levels


Formation road level FRL 99.500
Bearing top level BTL 97.100
Abutment cap top level ATL 96.750
Ground level GL 90.004
Highest Flood level HFL 95.500
Lowest Water level LWL 90.204
Mean Scour level MNSL 89.480
Maximum Scour level MSL 87.855
Foundation level FDNL 84.400

2.2 Superstructure Data


Span c/c of expansion joints span.ej 36.000
Span c/c of bearings span.bea 35.000
Overall width owidth 16.000
Carriageway width carw 11.000
Crash barrier width cbw 0.500
Footpath width fpw 1.500
cross slope for drainage cslope 0.025
Overall depth of superstructure dep.sup 2.325
Thickness of deck slab thk.deck 0.225
Thickness of wearing coat thk.wc 0.075

2.3 Substructure Data


Abutment width a.wid 16.000
Abutment shaft thickness a.thk 1.300
Abutment cap rectangular height a.ht.r 0.500
Abutment cap trapezoidal height a.ht.t 0.500
Abutment shaft height a.ht 9.250
Abutment cap left projection pr.acap.l 0.310
Abutment cap right projection pr.acap.r 0.000
Dirtwall thickness dw.thk 0.300
Dirtwall height dw.ht 2.750
Return wall thickness rw.thk 0.500
Return wall height rw.ht 13.600
eccentricity of abutment center and bearing center eccn.a 0.000

2.4 Open Foundation Data


Depth of footing dep.fdn 2.100
Width of Heel Slab hsw 4.000
Width of Toe Slab tsw 3.200
Depth of footing at tip dep.tip 0.900
Base width of foundation wid.fdn 8.500
Length of footing len.fdn 16.000
eccentricity of abutment center and footing center eccn.fdn -0.334

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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2.5 Soil Data
Cohesion of Soil c.soil 0.000
Angle of internal friction .soil 36.000
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil in normal case sbc.n 1500.000
Safe Bearing Capacity of soil in seismic case sbc.s 1875.000

2.6 Material Data


Grade of concrete M 35 R.C.C.

Grade of flexure reinforcement Fe 500


Grade of shear reinforcement Fe 415

2.7 Bearing Data


Type of bearing Elastomeric

2.8 Live load Data


3 lane of class A
OR 1 lane of class 70R + 1 lane of class A

2.9 Seismic Data


Seismic Analysis Type Response spectrum method
(using standard response spectra)
Seismic zone III

2.10 Material unit weight Data


unit weight of RCC uwc 25
unit weight of wearing coat uwwc 22
unit weight of dry soil dry 18
unit weight of submerged soil sub 10

2.11 Calculation units


kN-m, MPa unless otherwise specified.

2.12 Sign Convention

Moment Clock wise +ve


Anticlock wise -ve

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Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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CHAPTER - 4
Calculation of Loads on Foundation

4.1 Design Data

Depth of footing dep.fdn 2.100


Width of Heel Slab hsw 4.000
Width of Toe Slab tsw 3.200
Depth of footing at tip dep.tip 0.900
Base width of foundation wid.fdn 8.500
Length of footing len.fdn 16.000
eccentricity of abutment center and footing center eccn.fdn -0.334

Area of Base A.fdn 136.000


Section Modulus about longitudinal axis ZL.fdn 362.667
Section Modulus about transverse axis ZT.fdn 192.667

Factor of safety for stability (as per IRC:78-2000, Cl. 706.3.4)

Normal Seismic
Against overturning fos.n.ot 2.00 fos.s.ot 1.50
Against sliding fos.n.sl 1.50 fos.s.sl 1.25
Against deep-seated failure fos.n.df 1.25 fos.s.df 1.15

Frictional coefficient between concrete and rock 0.70

MJB 7 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2 Calculation of loads on foundation
4.2.1 Normal case
4.2.1.1 Calculation of forces at base of footing in normal case

Load eccn/ Moment


S.No. Description
(V/ H) lever arm (ML)
1 Vertical Load
1.1 DL+SDL reaction 5430 0.000 0
1.2 Dirt wall 330 -0.810 -267
1.3 Abutment cap 613 -0.120 -73
1.4 Abutment shaft 4810 0.000 0
1.5 Return wall 1360 -2.650 -3604
Sub Total: Substructure DL 7113 -0.555 -3945

1.7 Approach slab 420 -2.710 -1138


1.8 Backfill weight over heel 14001 -2.687 -37623
1.9 Soil weight over toe 3782 2.250 8510
1.10 Footing DL 5412 -0.334 -1810
1.11a LL max reaction case 1186 0.000 0
1.11b LL max trans. moment case 1044 0.000 0
1.12a Water weight over toe LWL 102 2.250 230
1.12b Water weight over toe HFL 2814 2.250 6331
1.13a Buoyancy LWL -4213 -0.433 1822
1.13b Buoyancy HFL -6952 -1.235 8588

2 Horizontal Load
2.1 LL surcharge 1120 7.550 8455
2.2a Braking max reaction case 257 12.700 3268
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 257 12.700 3268
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 6583 5.578 36719
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 5353 5.487 29373

Note: All calculations has been done about centre line of abutment shaft.

4.2.1.2 Summary of forces & moments at base of footing for normal case

4.2.1.2.1 LWL case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LL max reaction case 33233 7960 14489 3130
2 LL max trans. moment case 33091 7960 14489 3130
3 Span dislodged 26617 6583 2766 0

4.2.1.2.2 HFL case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LL max reaction case 33205 6731 20010 3130
2 LL max trans. moment case 33063 6731 20010 3130
3 Span dislodged 26590 5353 8288 0

MJB 8 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.1.3 Check for stability
4.2.1.3.1 Check for overturning
4.2.1.3.1a LWL case

overturning resistning
S.No. Description moment moment FOS Check
about base about toe
1 LL max reaction case 48441 -161898 3.34 safe
2 LL max trans. moment case 48441 -161353 3.33 safe
3 Span dislodged 36719 -136428 3.72 safe

4.2.1.3.1b HFL case

overturning resistning
S.No. Description moment moment FOS Check
about base about toe
1 LL max reaction case 41095 -148925 3.62 safe
2 LL max trans. moment case 41095 -148380 3.61 safe
3 Span dislodged 29373 -123455 4.20 safe

4.2.1.3.2 Check for sliding


4.2.1.3.2a LWL case

Horizontal
S.No. Description Vertical load FOS Check
load
1 LL max reaction case 33233 7960 2.92 safe
2 LL max trans. moment case 33091 7960 2.91 safe
3 Span dislodged 26617 6583 2.83 safe

4.2.1.3.2b HFL case

Horizontal
S.No. Description Vertical load FOS Check
load
1 LL max reaction case 33205 6731 3.45 safe
2 LL max trans. moment case 33063 6731 3.44 safe
3 Span dislodged 26590 5353 3.48 safe

4.2.1.4 Calculation of Base pressure


4.2.1.4a LWL case

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LL max reaction case 33233 0.77 157.52 331.19
2 LL max trans. moment case 33091 0.77 156.61 330.02
3 Span dislodged 26617 0.44 163.55 227.88

4.2.1.4b HFL case

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LL max reaction case 33205 0.94 142.12 346.19
2 LL max trans. moment case 33063 0.94 141.21 345.02
3 Span dislodged 26590 0.65 148.14 242.88

MJB 9 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2 Seismic case
4.2.2.1 Calculation of forces at base of footing in seismic case

Seismic Seismic
S.No. Description Vertical load Lateral force
lever arm moment
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 DL+SDL reaction 5430 869 12.700 11034
1.2 Dirt wall 330 26 13.725 362
1.3 Abutment cap 613 49 11.867 582
1.4 Abutment shaft 4810 385 6.725 2588
1.5 Return wall 1360 109 8.900 968
1.6 Fly wing 0 0 15.100 0
1.7 Approach slab 420 34 14.950 502
1.8a LL max vertical load case 1186 95 12.700 1205
1.8b LL max trans. moment case 1044 84 12.700 1061

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 224 7.550 1691
2.2a Braking max vertical load case 167 12.700 2125
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 12.700 2125
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1669 6.435 10737
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1357 7.158 9712

4.2.2.2 Summary of forces at base of footing in seismic longitudinal and transverse case

Longitudinal Transverse
S.No. Description
HL ML HT MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 869 11034 434 5517
1.2 Substructure DL 603 5003 603 5003
1.3a LL max vertical load case 0 0 95 1205
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 0 0 84 1061

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 224 1691 0 0
2.2a Braking max vertical load case 167 2125 0 0
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 2125 0 0
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1669 10737 0 0
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1357 9712 0 0

4.2.2.3 Summary of seismic design forces at base of footing as per IRC:6-2010, Cl. 219.4

Longitudinal Transverse
S.No. Description
HL ML HT MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 999 12689 695 8827
1.2 Substructure DL 783 6504 783 6504
1.3a LL max vertical load case 28 361 95 1205
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 25 318 84 1061

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 224 1691 0 0
2.2a Braking max vertical load case 167 2125 0 0
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 2125 0 0
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1669 10737 0 0
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1357 9712 0 0

MJB 10 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2.4 Calculation of Forces at base of footing in seismic case

4.2.2.4.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 999 12689
1.2 Substructure DL 7113 783 2559
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 28 361 626
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 25 318 626
1.4a Buoyancy + other loads LWL 19504 -30008
1.4b Buoyancy + other loads HFL 19477 -17141

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 224 1691
2.2a Braking max reaction case 167 2125
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 2125
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 8251 47456
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 6710 39086

4.2.2.4.1b Longitudinal case (in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 -999 -12689
1.2 Substructure DL 7113 -783 -10448
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 -28 -361 626
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 -25 -318 626
1.4a Buoyancy + other loads LWL 19504 -30008
1.4b Buoyancy + other loads HFL 19477 -17141

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge
2.2a Braking max reaction case -167 -2125
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case -167 -2125
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 274511 1366826
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 223242 1141586

4.2.2.4.2 Transverse case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 695 0 8827
1.2 Substructure DL 7113 783 -3945 6504
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 95 361 1831
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 84 318 1687
1.4a Buoyancy LWL 19504 -30008
1.4b Buoyancy HFL 19477 -17141

MJB 11 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2.5 Summary of forces & moments at base of footing for seismic case
4.2.2.5.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 10454 36873 626
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 10450 36830 626
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 9035 20007

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 8913 41369 626
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 8909 41326 626
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 7494 24504

4.2.2.5.1b Longitudinal case (in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 -1978 0 626
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 -1975 0 626
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 -783 0

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 -1978 0 626
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 -1975 0 626
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 -783 0

4.2.2.5.2a Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 1573 17681 17161
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 1562 17638 17017
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 783 13504

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 1573 22177 17161
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 1562 22134 17017
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 783 18000

4.2.2.5.2b Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 1573 0 17161
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 1562 0 17017
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 783 0

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 1573 0 17161
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 1562 0 17017
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 783 0

MJB 12 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2.6 Check for stability
4.2.2.6.1 Check for overturning
4.2.2.6.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

overturning resistning
S.No. Description moment moment FOS Check
about base about toe
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 70825 -158246 2.23 safe
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 70782 -158137 2.23 safe
1.3 Span dislodged 47456 -129925 2.74 safe

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 62455 -145273 2.33 safe
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 62412 -145164 2.33 safe
2.3 Span dislodged 39086 -116952 2.99 safe

4.2.2.6.2 Check for sliding


4.2.2.6.2a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

Horizontal
S.No. Description Vertical load FOS Check
load
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 10454 2.16 safe
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 10450 2.16 safe
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 9035 2.06 safe

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 8913 2.53 safe
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 8909 2.53 safe
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 7494 2.48 safe

4.2.2.7 Calculation of Base pressure

4.2.2.7.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 1.48 102.70 372.07
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 1.48 102.64 371.72
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 1.09 116.01 275.42

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 1.62 90.12 384.24
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 1.62 90.06 383.89
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 1.26 103.43 287.59

MJB 13 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2.7.1b Longitudinal case (in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 0.33 204.37 270.40
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 0.33 204.19 270.16
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 0.33 171.17 220.25

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 0.33 204.19 270.17
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 0.33 204.01 269.94
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 0.33 171.00 220.03

4.2.2.7.2a Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the direction of earth pressure)

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 0.88 69.80 404.97
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 0.88 70.48 403.87
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 0.84 133.94 257.49

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 1.02 57.22 417.14
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 1.02 57.90 416.04
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 1.01 121.36 269.66

4.2.2.7.2b Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

eccn from Min. Base Max. Base


S.No. Description Vertical load footing pressure at pressure at
centre heel toe
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 32284 0.33 118.55 356.22
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 32256 0.33 119.11 355.24
1.3 Span dislodged 26617 0.33 171.17 220.25

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 32257 0.33 118.37 355.99
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 32228 0.33 118.94 355.01
2.3 Span dislodged 26590 0.33 171.00 220.03

MJB 14 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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4.2.2.7 Summary of Base Pressure

S.No. Description Min. Base pr. at heel Max. Base pr. at toe
LWL HFL LWL HFL
1 Normal case
1.1 Service condition 156.61 141.21 331.19 346.19
1.2 Span dislodged 163.55 148.14 227.88 242.88

2 Seismic case
2.1 Longitudinal case a
2.1.1 Service condition 102.64 90.06 372.07 384.24
2.1.2 Span dislodged 116.01 103.43 275.42 287.59

2.2 Longitudinal case b


2.2.1 Service condition 204.19 204.01 270.40 270.17
2.2.2 Span dislodged 171.17 171.00 220.25 220.03

2.3 Transverse case a


2.3.1 Service condition 69.80 57.22 404.97 417.14
2.3.2 Span dislodged 133.94 121.36 257.49 269.66

2.4 Transverse case b


2.4.1 Service condition 118.55 118.37 356.22 355.99
2.4.2 Span dislodged 171.17 171.00 220.25 220.03

4.2.2.8 Check for safe bearing capacity

safe bearing Base pressure


S.No. Case Check
capacity Min. Max.
1 Normal case 1500 141.21 346.19 safe
2 Seismic case 1875 57.22 417.14 safe

4.2.2.9 Design base pressure

Min. Base pr. at heel Max. Base pr. at toe


S.No. Description
LWL HFL LWL HFL
1 Normal case 156.61 141.21 331.19 346.19
2 Seismic case 69.80 57.22 404.97 417.14

MJB 15 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 5
Design of Foundation

5.1 Design Data

Depth of footing dep.fdn 2.100


Width of Heel Slab hsw 4.000
Width of Toe Slab tsw 3.200
Depth of footing at tip dep.tip 0.900
Base width of foundation wid.fdn 8.500
Length of footing len.fdn 16.000
eccentricity of abutment center and footing center eccn.fdn -0.334

Material Property
Grade of concrete f.f ck 35
Permissible bending strength of concrete f. cbc 11.67
Grade of flexure reinforcement f.f y .fl 500
Grade of shear reinforcement f.f y .sh 415
Permissible tensile strength of flexure reinforcement f. st .fl 240
Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement f. st .sh 200
Modulus of elsticity of concrete f.E c 3.15E+04
Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement f.E s 2.00E+05
Modular ratio f.m 10.000
clear cover f.ccov 0.075

Design constants:
neutral axis depth factor k =1 / (1 + st / m cbc ) f.k 0.33
lever arm facror j = 1 - k/3 f.j 0.89
moment of resistance factor Q = 0.5 cbc . jk f.Q 1.70

5.2 Base pressure calculation at different distance along width of foundation

Location hsw+a.thk+ hsw+a.thk+


edge hsw hsw+a.thk
from t.cr.sec tsw

Distance from Heel edge 0.0 4.0 5.3 7.3 8.5

Normal case
LWL Case 156.6 238.8 265.5 306.8 331.2
HFL Case 141.2 237.7 269.0 317.6 346.2
Seismic case
LWL Case 69.8 227.5 278.8 358.1 405.0
HFL Case 57.2 226.6 281.6 366.9 417.1

MJB 16 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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5.3 Design of Foundation (per unit width)
5.3.1 Toe Slab
5.3.1.1 Design for Flexure

Normal Seismic
Component unit
LWL HFL LWL HFL
Tension reinforcement
Bending moment
due to base pressure kN-m -1584 -1641 -1858 -1905
due to self weight kN-m 166 141 166 141
due to water over toe kN-m 190 461 190 461

design bending moment kN-m -1227 -1039 -1502 -1302


effective depth required mm 850 782 940 875
overall depth available mm 2100 2100 2100 2100
dia of bar mm 25 25 25 25
effective depth available mm 2013 2013 2013 2013
required area of reinforcement mm2 2852 2413 2327 2017
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 2415 2415 2415 2415
required spacing of reinforcement mm 172 203 203 203
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 100 100 100 100

Distribution reinforcement
design bending moment kN-m -307 -260 -376 -326
dia of bar mm 16 16 16 16
effective depth available mm 1992 1992 1992 1992
required area of reinforcement mm2 720 610 588 510
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 1195 1195 1195 1195
required spacing of reinforcement mm 168 168 168 168
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 150 150 150 150

5.3.1.2 Check for Shear (at critical section, at a distance of effective depth)

Distance of critical section from face of toe t.cr.sec 2.013

Normal Seismic
Component unit
LWL HFL LWL HFL
shear force due to base pressure kN 379 394 406 415
shear force due to self weight kN -45 -38 -45 -38
shear force due to water over toe kN -44 -107 -44 -107

area of tension reinforcement mm2 4909 4909 4909 4909


overall depth at critical section mm 1345 1345 1345 1345
effectivel depth at critical section mm 1258 1258 1258 1258
percentage of tension reinforcement % 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39
permissible shear stress MPa 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27
permissible shear force kN 339 339 339 339
design shear force kN 0 0 0 0

MJB 17 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
5.3.2 Heel Slab
5.3.2.1 Design for Flexure

Normal Seismic
Component unit
LWL HFL LWL HFL
Tension reinforcement
Bending moment
due to backfill/ return wall kN-m -2142 -1573 -2142 -1573
due to self weight kN-m -260 -221 -260 -221
due to base pressure kN-m 1472 1387 979 909

design bending moment kN-m -930 -407 -1423 -885


effective depth required mm 739 489 915 721
overall depth available mm 2100 2100 2100 2100
dia of bar mm 20 20 20 20
effective depth available mm 2015 2015 2015 2015
required area of reinforcement mm2 2158 945 2201 1369
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 2418 2418 2418 2418
required spacing of reinforcement mm 130 130 130 130
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 100 100 100 100

Distribution reinforcement
design bending moment kN-m -232 -102 -356 -221
dia of bar mm 16 16 16 16
effective depth available mm 1997 1997 1997 1997
required area of reinforcement mm2 544 238 555 345
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 1198 1198 1198 1198
required spacing of reinforcement mm 168 168 168 168
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 150 150 150 150

5.3.2.2 Check for Shear (at critical section, at face of heel)

Normal Seismic
Component unit
LWL HFL LWL HFL
Shear force
due to backfill/ return wall kN -1106 -891 -1106 -891
due to self weight kN -150 -128 -150 -128
due to base pressure kN 791 758 595 568

area of tension reinforcement mm2 3142 3142 3142 3142


overall depth at critical section mm 2100 2100 2100 2100
effectivel depth at critical section mm 2015 2015 2015 2015
percentage of tension reinforcement % 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16
permissible shear stress MPa 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
permissible shear force kN 403 403 403 403
design shear force kN 0 0 0 0

MJB 18 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 3
Calculation of Loads on Abutment

3.1 Normal case


3.1.1 Calculation of forces at base of abutment shaft in normal case

Load eccn/ Moment


S.No. Description
(V/ H) lever arm (ML)
1 Vertical Load
1.1 DL+SDL reaction 5430 0.000 0
1.2 Dirt wall 330 -0.810 -267
1.3 Abutment cap 613 -0.120 -73
1.4 Abutment shaft 4810 0.000 0
1.5 Return wall 1360 -2.650 -3604
Sub Total: Substructure DL 5753 -0.686 -3945

1.7a LL max reaction case 1186 0.000 0


1.7b LL max trans. moment case 1044 0.000 0
1.8a Buoyancy LWL -141 -0.484 68
1.8b Buoyancy HFL -338 -0.451 153

2 Horizontal Load
2.1 LL surcharge 964 6.500 6267
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case 257 10.600 2727
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 257 10.600 2727
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 5034 4.877 24548
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 4110 4.736 19463

Note: All calculations has been done about centre line of abutment shaft.

3.1.2 Summary of forces & moments at base of abutment shaft for normal case

3.1.2.1 LWL case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LL max reaction case 12227 6255 29666 3130
2 LL max trans. moment case 12085 6255 29666 3130
3 Span dislodged 5612 5034 20672 0

3.1.2.2 HFL case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LL max reaction case 12030 5331 24665 3130
2 LL max trans. moment case 11888 5331 24665 3130
3 Span dislodged 5415 4110 15671 0

MJB 19 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
3.2 Seismic case
3.2.1 Calculation of forces at base of abutment shaft in seismic case

Seismic Seismic
S.No. Description Vertical load Lateral force
lever arm moment
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 DL+SDL reaction 5430 869 10.600 9209
1.2 Dirt wall 330 26 11.625 307
1.3 Abutment cap 613 49 9.767 479
1.4 Abutment shaft 4810 385 4.625 1780
1.5 Return wall 1360 109 6.800 740
1.6 Fly wing 0 0 13.000 0
1.7a LL max vertical load case 750 60 10.600 636
1.7b LL max trans. moment case 750 60 10.600 636

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 193 6.500 1253
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case 167 10.600 1773
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 10.600 1773
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1276 5.551 7082
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1042 6.062 6314

3.2.2 Summary of forces at base of abutment shaft in seismic longitudinal and transverse case

Longitudinal Transverse
S.No. Description
HL ML HT MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 869 9209 434 4605
1.2 Substructure DL 569 3305 569 3305
1.3a LL max vertical load case 0 0 60 636
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 0 0 60 636

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 193 1253 0 0
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case 167 1773 0 0
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 1773 0 0
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1276 7082 0 0
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1042 6314 0 0

3.2.3 Summary of seismic design forces at base of abutment shaft as per IRC:6-2010, Cl. 219.4

Longitudinal Transverse
S.No. Description
HL ML HT MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 999 10590 695 7367
1.2 Substructure DL 740 4297 740 4297
1.3a LL max vertical load case 18 191 60 636
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 18 191 60 636

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 193 1253 0 0
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case 167 1773 0 0
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 1773 0 0
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 1276 7082 0 0
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 1042 6314 0 0

MJB 20 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
3.2.4 Calculation of Forces at base of abutment shaft in seismic case
3.2.4.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 999 10590
1.2 Substructure DL 5753 740 352
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 18 191 626
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 18 191 626
1.4a Buoyancy LWL -141
1.4b Buoyancy HFL -338

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge 193 1253
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case 167 1773
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case 167 1773
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 6310 31630
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 5151 25778

3.2.4.1b Longitudinal case (in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 -999 -10590
1.2 Substructure DL 5753 -740 -8242
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 -18 -191 626
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 -18 -191 626
1.4a Buoyancy LWL -141
1.4b Buoyancy HFL -338

2 Due to Horizontal Load


2.1 LL surcharge
2.2a Braking max rea./ ver. load case -167 -1773
2.2b Braking max trans. moment case -167 -1773
2.3a Earth Pressure LWL 209909 874509
2.3b Earth Pressure HFL 171378 758532

3.2.4.2 Transverse case

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 Due to Vertical Load
1.1 Superstructure DL+SDL 5430 695 0 7367
1.2 Substructure DL 5753 740 -3945 4297
1.3a LL max reaction case 237 60 191 1262
1.3b LL max trans. moment case 209 60 191 1262
1.4a Buoyancy LWL -141
1.4b Buoyancy HFL -338

MJB 21 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
3.2.5 Summary of forces & moments at base of abutment shaft for seismic case
3.2.5.1a Longitudinal case (in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 11279 8427 45790 626
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 11250 8427 45790 626
1.3 Span dislodged 5612 7049 31982

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 11082 7268 39938 626
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 11053 7268 39938 626
2.3 Span dislodged 5415 5891 26130

3.2.5.1b Longitudinal case (in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HL ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 11279 0 0 626
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 11250 0 0 626
1.3 Span dislodged 5612 0 0

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 11082 0 0 626
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 11053 0 0 626
2.3 Span dislodged 5415 0 0

3.2.5.2a Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 11279 1495 30903 12926
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 11250 1495 30903 12926
1.3 Span dislodged 5612 740 27685

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 11082 1495 25051 12926
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 11053 1495 25051 12926
2.3 Span dislodged 5415 740 21833

3.2.5.2b Transverse case (additive with longitudinal effect in the opposite direction of earth pressure)

Vertical load Lateral load Moment


S.No. Description
V HT ML MT
1 LWL Case
1.1 LL max reaction case 11279 1495 0 12926
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 11250 1495 0 12926
1.3 Span dislodged 5612 740 0

2 HFL Case
2.1 LL max reaction case 11082 1495 0 12926
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 11053 1495 0 12926
2.3 Span dislodged 5415 740 0

MJB 22 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 6
Design of Abutment

6.1 Design Data

Dimensional Data
Abutment width a.wid 16.000
Abutment shaft thickness a.thk 1.300
Abutment shaft height a.ht 9.250

Material Property
Grade of concrete a.f ck 35
Permissible bending strength of concrete a. cbc 11.67
Grade of flexure reinforcement a.f y .fl 500
Grade of shear reinforcement a.f y .sh 415
Permissible tensile strength of flexure reinforcement a. st .fl 240
Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement a. st .sh 200
Modulus of elsticity of concrete a.E c 3.15E+04
Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement a.E s 2.00E+05
Modular ratio a.m 10.000
clear cover a.ccov 0.050

Reinforcement Details:

Spacing Dia of bar Area


Bar location No. of bars
(mm) (mm) (mm2)
Transverse direction
Tension face 125 128 32 100531
Compressin face 125 128 25 61359
Longitudinal direction
Tension face 12 90 16 2413
Compressin face 12 90 16 2413

Total reinforcement area 166716


percentage of reinforcement 0.80 %

MJB 23 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
6.2 Design of Abutment Shaft
6.2.1 Design for Flexure
6.2.1.1 BIAX Input
* Suwarnrekha river
9 10.00 10.00
*
A-Fix: Normal 01 - max reaction case (case 01)
1.3 16 0 0 1223 2967 313 116.7 2400.0 0
A-Fix: Normal 02 - max transverse moment case (case 02)
1.3 16 0 0 1209 2967 313 116.7 2400.0 0
A-Fix: Normal 03 - span dislodge case (case 03)
1.3 16 0 0 561 2067 1 116.7 2400.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 01 - max reaction case (case 04)
1.3 16 0 0 1128 4579 63 175.0 3600.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 02 - max transverse moment case (case 05)
1.3 16 0 0 1125 4579 63 175.0 3600.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 03 - span dislodge case (case 06)
1.3 16 0 0 561 3198 1 175.0 3600.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic transverse 01 - max reaction case (case 07)
1.3 16 0 0 1128 3090 1293 175.0 3600.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic transverse 02 - max transverse moment case (case 08)
1.3 16 0 0 1125 3090 1293 175.0 3600.0 0
A-Fix: Seismic transverse 03 - span dislodge case (case 09)
1.3 16 0 0 561 2769 1 175.0 3600.0 0

6.2.1.2 BIAX Output

A-Fix: Normal 01 - max reaction case (case 01)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

along width-compression face- no of bar: 125 tension face- no of bar: 125


Dia (mm) 25 32
Cover (cm) 6.25 6.60
along depth-compression face- no of bar: 12 tension face- no of bar: 12
Dia (mm) 16 16
Cover (cm) 5.80 5.80

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 116.70 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 2400.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1223.000 T


Mxx = 2967.000 Tm
Myy = 313.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = 508.505 m


: y axis : = .392 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 94.66 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2060.19 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

MJB 24 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

A-Fix: Normal 02 - max transverse moment case (case 02)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 116.70 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 2400.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1209.000 T


Mxx = 2967.000 Tm
Myy = 313.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = 507.404 m


: y axis : = .392 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 94.62 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2065.95 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

A-Fix: Normal 03 - span dislodge case (case 03)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 116.70 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 2400.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 561.000 T


Mxx = 2067.000 Tm
Myy = 1.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = ******* m


: y axis : = .361 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 63.95 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 1545.63 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

MJB 25 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 01 - max reaction case (case 04)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1128.000 T


Mxx = 4579.000 Tm
Myy = 63.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = ******* m


: y axis : = .358 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 141.55 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 3475.18 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 02 - max transverse moment case (case 05)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1125.000 T


Mxx = 4579.000 Tm
Myy = 63.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = ******* m


: y axis : = .358 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 141.54 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 3476.44 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

MJB 26 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

A-Fix: Seismic longitudinal 03 - span dislodge case (case 06)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 561.000 T


Mxx = 3198.000 Tm
Myy = 1.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = ******* m


: y axis : = .345 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 97.83 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2523.69 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

A-Fix: Seismic transverse 01 - max reaction case (case 07)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1128.000 T


Mxx = 3090.000 Tm
Myy = 1293.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = 131.332 m


: y axis : = .402 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 102.81 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2253.01 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

MJB 27 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

A-Fix: Seismic transverse 02 - max transverse moment case (case 08)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 1125.000 T


Mxx = 3090.000 Tm
Myy = 1293.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = 131.276 m


: y axis : = .402 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 102.80 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2254.28 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

A-Fix: Seismic transverse 03 - span dislodge case (case 09)

Depth of Section = 1.300 m


Width of Section = 16.000 m

Modular Ratio : Compression = 10.0


Modular Ratio : Tension = 10.0
Allowable Concrete Stress = 175.00 Kg/cm^2
Allowable Steel Stress = 3600.00 Kg/cm^2

Axial Load = 561.000 T


Mxx = 2769.000 Tm
Myy = 1.000 Tm

Intercept of Neutral axis : X axis : = ******* m


: y axis : = .349 m

Steel Stress Governs Design

Stress in Concrete due to Loads = 84.93 Kg/cm^2


Stress in Steel due to Loads = 2150.57 Kg/cm^2
Percentage of Steel = .80 %

MJB 28 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
6.2.1.3 Stress Summary

S.No. Loadcase Stress (kg/cm2) Stress (MPa)


Concrete Steel Concrete Steel
1 Normal
1.1 LL max reaction case 94.66 2060.19 9.47 206.02
1.2 LL max trans. moment case 94.62 2065.95 9.46 206.60
1.3 Span dislodged 63.95 1545.63 6.40 154.56

2 Seismic longitudinal
2.1 LL max reaction case 141.55 3475.18 14.16 347.52
2.2 LL max trans. moment case 141.54 3476.44 14.15 347.64
2.3 Span dislodged 97.83 2523.69 9.78 252.37

3 Seismic transverse
3.1 LL max reaction case 102.81 2253.01 10.28 225.30
3.2 LL max trans. moment case 102.80 2254.28 10.28 225.43
3.3 Span dislodged 84.93 2150.57 8.49 215.06

6.2.2 Check for shear

Normal Seismic
Load Case unit
Longitudinal Longitudinal Transverse

Shear Force kN 6255 8427 1495


Width mm 16000 16000 1300
Overall depth mm 1300 1300 16000
Effective depth mm 1234 1234 15938
Area of tension reinforcement mm2 100531 100531 83358

percentage of tension reinforcement % 0.51 0.51 0.40


permissible shear stress MPa 0.31 0.31 0.28

permissible shear force kN 6179 6179 5712

design shear force kN 76 2248 0


dia of links mm 10 10 10
no. of legs No. 62.5 62.5 2
required spacing of stirrup mm 15841 539 0
provided spacing of stirrup mm 300 300 0

MJB 29 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment
6.3 Design of Abutment Cap (by STM)
6.3.1 Design Data

Material Property
Grade of concrete c.f ck 35
Permissible bending strength of concrete c. cbc 11.67
Grade of shear reinforcement c.f y .sh 500
Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement c. st .sh 240

6.3.2 Load Calculation (in whole width of cap)

Dead Load of dirt wall acap.dw 330


Dead Load of abutment cap acap.dl 93
Live Load on dirt wall acap.ll 300
Dead Load of approach slab acap.as 210

Design Vertical load acap.d.vl 933


Design Horizontal load (for top reinforcement) acap.d.hl 933
Design Longitudinal load (for horizontal stirrup) acap.d.ll 578
(same as longitudinal load at dirt wall base)

6.3.3 Design

Component unit Design


Reinforcement (oriented in x direction)
Top reinforcement (to resist vertical load)
required area of reinforcement mm2 3888
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 24000
dia of bar mm 20
required spacing of reinforcement mm 209
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 150

Horizontalal reinforcement (to resist longitudinal load)


required area of reinforcement mm2 2407
dia of stirrup mm 12
no. of bars in cap projection No. 4
required spacing of legs mm 3158
provided spacing of legs mm 300
no. of legs No. 53

Vertical reinforcement (oriented in y direction)


minimum area of reinforcement mm2 7440
dia of stirrup mm 10
no. of bars in cap projection No. 2
required spacing of legs mm 338
provided spacing of legs mm 300
no. of legs No. 53

Horizontalal reinforcement (oriented in z direction)


minimum area of reinforcement mm2 465
dia of stirrup mm 12
no. of legs No. 1
required no. of bars in cap No. 4
provided no. of extra bars in cap No. 4

MJB 30 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 7
Design of Dirt wall

7.1 Design Data

Dimensional Data
Dirtwall thickness dw.thk 0.300
Dirtwall height dw.ht 2.750

Material Property
Grade of concrete dw.f ck 35
Permissible bending strength of concrete dw. cbc 11.67
Grade of flexure reinforcement dw.f y .fl 500
Grade of shear reinforcement dw.f y .sh 415
Permissible tensile strength of flexure reinforcement dw. st .fl 240
Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement dw. st .sh 200
Modulus of elsticity of concrete dw.E c 3.15E+04
Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement dw.E s 2.00E+05
Modular ratio dw.m 10.000
clear cover dw.ccov 0.050

Design constants:
neutral axis depth factor dw.k 0.33
lever arm facror dw.j 0.89
moment of resistance factor dw.Q 1.70

7.2 Load Calculation

Hor. Force lever arm overturning moment about


Load Type
(kN/ m) (kN) (m) (kN-m/ m) (kN-m)
earthpressure 14.61 233.68 1.16 16.87 269.90
Live Load surcharge 12.75 203.94 1.38 17.53 280.42
Live Load braking force 8.75 140.00 3.95 34.56 553.00

Total 36.10 577.62 1.91 68.96 1103.32

7.3 Design of Dirt wall

reinf. on reinf. on
dist. reinf.
Component unit earth face inner face
(vertical) (vertical) (horizontal)
design bending moment kN-m 69 34 21
effective depth required mm 201 142 110
dia of bar mm 16 10 10
effective depth available mm 242 245 245
required area of reinforcement mm2 1333 658 395
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 290 294 250
required spacing of reinforcement mm 151 119 199
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 125 110 180

MJB 31 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

CHAPTER - 8
Design of Return wall

The End Return Wall has been designed as a plate, fixed on its two faces i.e. at the base and on one of
its vertical sides with reference by Roark & Young (Table 26 of Formula of Stress & Strain).

8.1 Design Data

Dimensional Data
Return wall thickness rw.thk 0.500
Return wall height rw.ht 13.600

Material Property
Grade of concrete rw.f ck 35
Permissible bending strength of concrete rw. cbc 11.67
Grade of flexure reinforcement rw.f y .fl 500
Grade of shear reinforcement rw.f y .sh 415
Permissible tensile strength of flexure reinforcement rw. st .fl 240
Permissible tensile strength of shear reinforcement rw. st .sh 200
Modulus of elsticity of concrete rw.E c 3.15E+04
Modulus of elsticity of reinforcement rw.E s 2.00E+05
Modular ratio rw.m 10.000
clear cover rw.ccov 0.075

Design constants:
neutral axis depth factor rw.k 0.33
lever arm facror rw.j 0.89
moment of resistance factor rw.Q 1.70

8.1 Stress coefficients a


A B

b
Y -dir

A' B' X-dir

Fig 8.1: Return Wall

Width of return wall a 4.000


Height of return wall b 13.600
Thickness of return wall t 0.500
Width to height ratio a/b 0.294
Section modulus ZX 0.167
Section modulus ZY 0.567

Loading 1 2 1 2
For uniform load over entire plate 0.173 0.247 0.540 0.320
For linearly varying load over entire plate 0.137 0.114 0.378 0.211

MJB 32 of 42
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8.2 Analysis

Bending Stress 1 qb 2 2 qb 2 q = load intensity


b a
t2 t2

Shear Stress R 1qB R 2 qB

8.2.1 Bending Moment Calculation

load
b a MX MY
Component intensity
(kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN-m) (kN-m)
LL surcharge 4.63 -594 -846 -98.94 -479.17
Earth pressure 52.53 -5322 -4444 -887.01 -2518.37

8.2.2 Shear Force Calculation

load
R1 R2 FX FY
Component intensity
(kN*m2) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN) (kN)
LL surcharge 4.63 34.02 20.16 136.07 274.18
Earth pressure 52.53 269.75 151.08 1079.01 2054.63

8.3 Design
8.3.1 Design for Flexure

Design face
Component unit
A'-B' (MX) B-B' (MY)
design bending moment kN-m -986 -2998
effective depth required mm 381 360
dia of bar mm 25 16
effective depth available mm 412.5 417
required area of reinforcement mm2 11178 33617
minimum area of reinforcement mm2 1980 6805
required spacing of reinforcement mm 176 81
provided spacing of reinforcement mm 120 75

8.3.2 Check for shear

Check for
Component unit
FX FY
Shear force kN 1215 2329
area of tension reinforcement mm2 16362 36459
percentage of tension reinforcement % 0.99 0.64
permissible shear stress MPa 0.41 0.36
permissible shear force kN 674 2017
design shear force kN 541 311

MJB 33 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
Design of Abutment

Annexure - A
Seismic Data

Seismic Zone Zone III

Horizontal seismic coefficient (h) is given by:

Z I Sa
h
2 R g

where,
Zone factor Z 0.16
Importance factor I 1.20
Response reduction factor R 3.00
Spectral accn coefficient in x - direction S a /g.x 2.50
Spectral accn coefficient in z - direction S a /g.z 2.50
Spectral accn coefficient in y - direction S a /g.y 2.50

Seismic coefficient in x - direction h .x 0.08


Seismic coefficient in z - direction h .z 0.08
Seismic coefficient in y - direction h .y 0.05

MJB 34 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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Annexure - B
Calculation of earth pressure coefficients

Calculation of earth pressure coefficients in normal and seismic condition

Ca horizontal dynamic active earth pressure coefficient


Cp horizontal dynamic passive earth pressure coefficient
Ka horizontal static active earth pressure coefficient
Kp horizontal static passive earth pressure coefficient

2


1 Av cos 2 1
Ca x 1/ 2
cos cos cos
1 sin sin i
2

cos i sin
2


1 Av cos 2 1
Cp x 1/ 2
cos cos cos
2
sin sin i
1

cos i sin
where
angle of internal friction of soil
angle which earth face of the wall makes with the vertical
i slope of earthfill
angle of friction between the wall and earthfill
Ah horizontal seismic coefficient
Av vertical seismic coefficient
Ah
tan 1
1 Av
here Ah 0.08
Av 0.05

0.63 rad 36 degree


0.00 rad 0 degree
i 0.00 rad 0 degree
0.42 rad 24 degree
max 0.08 rad 5 degree
min 0.08 rad 4 degree

Solving
Dynamic design dynamic static dynamic
max min
Coefficient coefficient coefficient change
Ca 0.29 0.27 0.29 0.23 0.06
Cp 10.98 9.80 9.80 11.15 -1.35

MJB 35 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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Annexure - C
Calculation of earth pressure

C.1 Earth pressure coefficients

horizontal static active earth pressure coefficient Ka 0.23


horizontal static passive earth pressure coefficient Kp 11.15
horizontal dynamic active earth pressure coefficient Ca 0.29
horizontal dynamic passive earth pressure coefficient Cp 9.80
horizontal dynamic incr. active earth pressure coefficient C ai 0.06
horizontal dynamic incr. passive earth pressure coefficient C pi -1.35

Earth pressure has been calculated separately for dry soil and submerged soil. The point of application of resultant
of earth pressure in terms of fraction of total height has been assumed as below:

C.1.1 For active earth pressure

Dry Submerged
Static condition
Triangular pressure f.a.d.1 0.42 f.a.s.1 0.33
Uniform pressure f.a.d.2 0.50 f.a.s.2 0.50

Seismic condition
(on dynamic incr. only)
Triangular pressure f.a.d.3 0.50 f.a.s.3 0.50
Uniform pressure f.a.d.4 0.66 f.a.s.4 0.66

C.1.1 For passive earth pressure

Dry Submerged
Static condition
Triangular pressure f.p.d.1 0.33 f.p.s.1 0.33
Uniform pressure f.p.d.2 0.50 f.p.s.2 0.50

Seismic condition
(on dynamic decr. only)
Triangular pressure f.p.d.3 0.66 f.p.s.3 0.66
Uniform pressure f.p.d.4 0.66 f.p.s.4 0.66

MJB 36 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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C.2 Calculation of earth pressure at base of abutment shaft
C.2.1 For active earth pressure
C.2.1.1 LWL case

Static Dynamic increment


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 9.296 2670 7.61 20316 677 8.35 5653
R 3.704 2128 1.85 3941 539 2.44 1319
Submerged T 3.704 236 1.23 291 60 1.85 111

C.2.1.2 HFL case

Static Dynamic increment


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 4.000 494 10.68 5280 125 11.00 1378
R 9.000 2225 4.50 10012 564 5.94 3350
Submerged T 9.000 1390 3.00 4171 352 4.50 1586

C.2.2 For passive earth pressure


C.2.2.1 LWL case

Static Dynamic decrement


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 9.296 126705 6.77 858008 -15354 9.84 -151074
R 3.704 100972 1.85 187000 -12236 2.44 -29912
Submerged T 3.704 11176 1.23 13798 -1354 2.44 -3311

C.2.2.2 HFL case

Static Dynamic decrement


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 4.000 23460 10.32 242104 -2843 11.64 -33091
R 9.000 105569 4.50 475059 -12793 5.94 -75989
Submerged T 9.000 65980 3.00 197941 -7995 5.94 -47493

C.3 Calculation of earth pressure at base of foundation


C.3.1 For active earth pressure
C.3.1.1 LWL case

Static Dynamic increment


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 9.296 2670 9.71 25924 677 10.45 7074
R 5.804 3334 2.90 9676 845 3.83 3238
Submerged T 5.804 578 1.93 1119 147 2.90 425

MJB 37 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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C.3.1.2 HFL case

Static Dynamic increment


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 4.000 494 12.78 6318 125 13.10 1642
R 11.100 2744 5.55 15229 696 7.33 5095
Submerged T 11.100 2115 3.70 7826 536 5.55 2975

C.3.2 For passive earth pressure


C.3.2.1 LWL case

Static Dynamic decrement


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 9.296 126705 8.87 1124089 -15354 11.94 -183318
R 5.804 158218 2.90 459149 -19173 3.83 -73444
Submerged T 5.804 27440 1.93 53087 -3325 3.83 -12738

C.3.2.2 HFL case

Static Dynamic decrement


Earth
Shape Height Point of Point of
condition Force Moment Force Moment
application application
Dry T 4.000 23460 12.42 291370 -2843 13.74 -39061
R 11.100 130201 5.55 722618 -15778 7.33 -115588
Submerged T 11.100 100364 3.70 371345 -12162 7.33 -89099

C.4 Summary of forces due to earth pressure


C.4.1 For active earth pressure

Static Dynamic increment Dynamic total


Location
Force Moment Force Moment Force Moment
At base of abutment shaft
LWL case 5034 24548 1276 7082 6310 31630
HFL case 4110 19463 1042 6314 5151 25778

At base of foundation
LWL case 6583 36719 1669 10737 8251 47456
HFL case 5353 29373 1357 9712 6710 39086

C.4.2 For passive earth pressure

Static Dynamic increment Dynamic total


Location
Force Moment Force Moment Force Moment
At base of abutment shaft
LWL case 238853 1058806 -28944 -184297 ######## 874509
HFL case 195009 915105 -23631 -156573 ######## 758532

At base of foundation
LWL case 312364 1636326 -37852 -269499 ######## 1366826
HFL case 254025 1385333 -30783 -243747 ######## 1141586

MJB 38 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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Annexure - D
Calculation of Buoyancy

D.1 Calculation of buoyancy at base of abutment shaft along centre line shaft

weight of
Moment
S.No. Component concrete Buoyancy eccn
(ML)
submerged
1 LWL Case
1.1 Abutment cap 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
1.2 Abutment shaft 1926.1 -115.6 0.0 0.0
1.3 Return wall 430.4 -25.8 -2.7 68.4

Net Buoyancy 2356.5 -141.4 -0.5 68.4

2 HFL Case
2.1 Abutment cap 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
2.2 Abutment shaft 4680.0 -280.8 0.0 0.0
2.3 Return wall 960.0 -57.6 -2.7 152.6

Net Buoyancy 5640.0 -338.4 -0.5 152.6

D.2 Calculation of buoyancy at base of footing along cg of footing

weight of
concrete/ Moment
S.No. Component Buoyancy eccn
soil (ML)
submerged
1 LWL Case
1.1 Substructure 2356.5 -141.4 -0.1 21.2
1.2 Backfill 4648.3 -2065.9 -2.7 5474.7
1.3 Soil weight over toe 3782.2 -1681.0 2.3 -3782.2
1.4 Footing 5412.0 -324.7 -0.3 108.6

Net Buoyancy 16199.0 -4213.0 -0.4 1822.2

2 HFL Case
2.1 Substructure 5640.0 -338.4 -0.1 50.6
2.2 Backfill 10368.0 -4608.0 -2.7 12211.2
2.3 Soil weight over toe 3782.2 -1681.0 2.3 -3782.2
2.4 Footing 5412.0 -324.7 -0.3 108.6

Net Buoyancy 25202.2 -6952.1 -1.2 8588.2

Note: Buoyancy effect through pore pressure of concrete has been limited to 15% of full buoyancy as per
IRC:6-2010, Cl. 213.3 .

MJB 39 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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Annexure - E
Calculation of Longitudinal Forces and Transverse Moment

E.1 Tabulation of reaction and transverse moment for different IRC Loadings
E.1.1 For individual of class A and class 70R

Maximum Impact Maximum Transverse


Loading Vertical load
Reaction Factor eccn. Moment
Class A
1 lane 500.0 386.7 0.11 4.20 1802
2 lane 1000.0 773.3 0.11 2.45 2103
3 lane 1500.0 1044.0 0.11 0.70 811
Class 70R
70R Wheel 1000.0 799.0 0.11 2.91 2576
70R Track 700.0 664.3 0.25 2.85 2367
70R Bogie 400.0 398.7 0.11 2.91 1285

E.1.2 For combined loading of class A and class 70R with impact (1 lane class 70R + 1 lane class A)

Class 70R Class A


Transverse
Loading Maximum Maximum Maximum Maximum Moment
Reaction eccn. Reaction eccn.
70R Wheel + A 886.7 2.91 554.9 -0.84 3130
70R Track + A 830.4 2.85 554.9 -0.95 2920
70R Bogie + A 442.5 2.91 554.9 -0.84 1840
A + 70R Wheel 886.7 0.46 554.9 4.20 963
A + 70R Track 830.4 0.40 554.9 4.20 891
A + 70R Bogie 442.5 0.46 554.9 4.20 760
70R 886.7 2.91 2576

E.2 Calculation of Braking force at bearing level

Vertical Transvers
Loading Reaction Braking
load e Moment
Class A
1 lane 500.0 386.7 1802 100.0
2 lane 1000.0 773.3 2103 200.0
3 lane 1500.0 1044.0 811 225.0
Class 70R
70R Wheel 1000.0 799.0 2576 200.0
70R Track 700.0 664.3 2367 140.0
70R Bogie 400.0 398.7 1285 80.0
Class 70R + Class A
70R Wheel + Class A 1500.0 1185.6 3130 225.0
70R Track + Class A 1200.0 1051.0 2920 165.0
70R Bogie + Class A 900.0 785.4 1840 105.0

E.3 Summary of Braking Force

Vertical Transvers
Loadcase Reaction Braking
load e Moment
Maximum reaction case 1500 1186 3130 225
Maximum vertical load case 1500 1044 811 225
Maximum transverse moment case 1500 1044 3130 225

MJB 40 of 42
Proposed High level Bridge over SuwarnRekha river (2nd bridge) Design Report
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E.4 Calculation of horizontal force due to horizontal movement of elastomeric bearing
E.4.1 Tabulation of maximum and minimum reaction

Load DL SDL LL Total


max 207 94 593 894
min 193 19 0 212

E.4.2 Elastomeric Bearing Data

side cover c 6 mm
overall length of bearing l0 400 mm
overall width of bearing b0 250 mm
effective length of bearing l 388 mm
effective width of bearing b 238 mm
total no. of internal elastomer layers n 4
thickness of individual layer of elastomer hi 10 mm
thickness of top/bottom outer layer of elastomer he 5 mm
thickness of steel laminate hs 3 mm
total elastomer thickness h 50 mm
total height of elastomeric bearing ho 65 mm
shape factor S 7
effective plan area of bearing A 92344 mm2

E.4.3 Calculation of horizontal force developed due to shear strain

shear strain of elastomer is given by:


d bd /h
where,
longitudinal translation due to creep, shrinkage, temp. bd 19.6020 mm
shear strain of elastomer d 0.3920
longitudinal strain of deck due to creep, shrinkage, temp. 0.0011
longitudinal strain due to shrinkage .s 0.0006
coefficient of thermal expansion 1.20E-05 /C
variation in temperature t 40 C
longitudinal strain due to temperature .t 0.0005

Shear modulus of elastomer G 1 MPa


Horizontal force per bearing H.bea 36 kN
Total horizontal force due to elastomer on abutment H.tot 145 kN

E.5 Summary of Longitudinal Force on each abutment

Vertical Transvers Longitudin


Loadcase Reaction
load e Moment al Force
Maximum reaction case 1500 1186 3130 257
Maximum vertical load case 1500 1044 811 257
Maximum transverse moment case 1500 1044 3130 257

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Annexure - D

Dead load calculations

Dead load calculation for RCC Girder 36.00 m


SI.No. Description no.s L B H area load
1
Deck slab 1 36.00 16.00 0.225 3.60 3240.00
Long Girder 5 2.00 1.71 427.50
5 31.00 0.94 3642.50
5 3.00 0.92 345.00
End Cross beam 2 16.00 0.40 320.00
Mid Cross beam 1 16.00 0.30 120.00
Seismic Arrester 2 0.65 0.80 0.650 0.52 16.90
Pedestal 10 0.70 0.70 0.20 0.14 24.50

Sub Total 8136.40

Reactions
4068.20

SIDL calculation for RCC Girder


SI.No. Description no.s L B H area load
1 Wearing Coat 1 36.00 11.00 0.075 653.40
2 Crash Barrier 2 36.00 0.40 720.00
3 Footpath 2 36.00 1.50 0.30 0.45 810.00
4 RCC Railing@7.5KN/M 2 36.00 540.00
Total 2723.40

Reactions 1361.70

MJB 42 of 42