Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

IIT ASHRAM

Class - XI MAINS New Batch


PHYSICSSOLUTION 17-08-2014
1. The numerical value of the ratio of average velocity to average speed is
(a) always less than one (b) always equal to one
(c) always more than one (d) equal to or less than one
2. A body moves 4 m towards east and then 3 m north. The displacement and distance
covered by the body are
(a) 7 m, 6 m (b) 6 m , 5 m (c) 5 m, 7 m (d) 4 m , 3 m
3. A body starting from rest moving with uniform acceleration has a displacement of 16 m in
first 4 s and 9 m in first 3 s. The acceleration of the body is
(a) 1 ms2 (b) 2 ms2 (c) 3 ms2 (d) 4 ms2
4. A particle starts from the origin with a velocity of 10 m/s and moves with a constant
acceleration till the velocity increases to 50 m/s. At that instant, the acceleration is
suddenly reversed. What will be the velocity of the particle when it returns to the starting
point ?
(a) zero (b) 10 m/s (c) 50 m/s (d) 70 m/s
5. When the speed of a car is u, the minimum distance over which it can be stopped is s. If
the speed becomes nu, what will be the minimum distance over which it can be stopped
during the same time ?
(a) s/n (b) ns (c) s/n2 (d) n2s
6. A body is released from the top of a tower of height H m. After 2 s it is stopped and then
instantaneously released. What will be its height after next 2 s ?
(a) (H 5) m (b) (H 10) m (c) (H 20) m (d) (H 40) m.
7. A stone is dropped from a rising balloon at a height of 76 m above the ground and reaches
the ground in 6 s. What was the velocity of the balloon when the stone was dropped ?
Take g = 10 m/s2.
(a) (52/3) m/s upward (b) (52/3) m/s downward
(c) 3 m/s (d) 9.8 m/s.
8. A juggler keeps on moving four balls in the air throwing the balls after regular intervals.
When one ball leaves his hand (speed = 20 ms1) the position of other balls (height in m)
will be (take g = 10 ms2)
(a) 10, 20, 10 (b) 15, 20, 15 (c) 5, 15, 20 (d) 5, 10, 20.
9. Two cars are moving in same direction with a speed of 30 km/h. They are separated by a
distance of 5 km. What is the speed of a car moving in opposite direction if it meets the
two cars at an interval of 4 minutes ?
(a) 60 km/h (b) 15 km/h (c) 30 km/h (d) 45 km/h.
10. Two trains A and B, 100 m and 60 m long, are moving in opposite directions on parallel
tracks. The velocity of shorter train is 3 times that of the longer one. If the trains take 4
s to cross each other, the velocities of the trains are
(a) VA = 10 m/s, VB = 30 m/s (b) VA = 2.5 m/s, VB = 7.5 m/s
(c) VA = 20 m/s, VB = 60 m/s (d) VA = 5 m/s, VB = 15 m/s.
Page # 1
11. A man is walking on a road with a velocity 3 kmh1. Suddenly rain starts falling. The
velocity of rain is 10 kmh1 in vertically downward direction. The relative velocity of the
rain w.r.t. man is
(a) 7 kmh1 (b) 13 kmh2
(c) 13 kmh1 (d) 109 kmh1.
12. A car is moving towards east with a speed of 25 km/h. To the driver of the car, a bus
appears to move towards north with a speed of 25 3 km/h. What is the actual velocity of
the bus ?
(a) 50 km/h, 30 east of north (b) 50 km/h, 30 north of east
(c) 25 km/h, 30 east of north (d) 25 km/h, 30 north of east.
13. Displacement time graph of particle moving in one dimenion is shown. The distance time
graph of given particle will be

600 30
0

t
2sec

s s
0
30

(a) (b)
0
60
t 60
0

t
2sec

s
s

(c) (d) 600 0


0 30
30
t
t 2sec
14. A particle starts from origin accelerated for first t0 sec and them decelerated at the same
rate till 2 t0 sec. along the positive x-direction. The graph representing variation of
displacement (x) with time (t) is

x x

(a) (b)
t t
o t0 2t0 o t0 2t0

x x

( ato2 ) ( ato2 )
(c) (d)
t t
(0,0) t0 2t0 (0,0) t0 2t0

15. Two straight lines drawn on the same displacement -time graph make an angles 300 and
600 with time-axis respectively for the two particles as shown in figure. What is the ratio
of their velocities (VA/VB).
Page # 2
B

DISPLACEMENT
600 A

300
O TIME

1 1 1 1
(a) (b) (c) (d)
4 5 3 6
16. A particle is moving along a circular track of radius r. What is the distance traversed by

(a) r , 2r (b) 2r, r , (c) 4r, r , (d) r , 4r


particle in half revolution? and what is its displacement.

17. A car moves on a circular path of radius 10 metre. It completes 5 revolutions in 5 minute.

(a) 10 m/minute (b) 20 m/minute


What is its average speed?

(c) 30 m/minute (d) 5 m/minute


18. In the above question calculate the average velocity of the car.
(a) 1 m/minute (d) 20 m/minute
(c) 0 m/minute (d) 3 m/minute
19. A body starts from rest and is uniformly accelerated for 30s. The distance travelled in the
first 10s is x1, next 10s is x2 and last 10s is x3. Then x1:x2:x3 is the same as
(a) 1:2:4 (b) 1:2:5 (c) 1:3:5 (d) 1:3:9

20. A particle is moving along the path given by y


c 6
t (where c is a positive constant). The
6
relation between the acceleration (a) and the velocity (v) of the particle at t= 5 sec. is
(a) 5a=v (b) a v (c) a=5v (d) a=v
21. A body starts from rest with an acceleration a1 at t = 0. After 2 seconds, another body B
starts from rest with an acceleration a 2. If they travel equal distances in the fifth
second, after starting the from rest a1:a2 is equal to
(a) 5:9 (b) 5:7 (c) 9:5 (d) 9:7
22. The displacement x of a particle at any instant is related to its velocity as v 2x 9 . Its
acceleration and initial velocity are
(a) 1 unit, 3 unit (b) 2 unit, 9 unit
(c) 4 unit, 81 unit (d) 9 unit, 2 unit
23. The displacement of a body is given by 3S=a+4bt3 where a and b are constant. The velocity
of the body at the end of 1 second.
a 2b
(a) a+4b (b) 4b (c) a-4b (d)
2
24. A body starts from rest and travels a distance S with uniform acceleration, then moves
unformly a distance 2S and finally comes to rest after moving further 5S under uniform
retardation. The ratio of average velocity to maximum velocity is
2 3 4 5
(a) (b) (c) (d)
5 5 7 7
25. A particle moving in a straight line covers half the distance with speed of 3 m/s. The
other half of the distance is covered in two equal time intervals with speeds of 4.5 m/s
and 7.5 m/s, respectively. The average speed of the particle during this motion is
(a) 4.0 m/s (b) 5.0 m/s (c) 5.5 m/s (d) 4.8 m/s.
26. A body travels 200 cm in the first 2 s and 220 cm in the next 4 s with deceleration. The
velocity of the body at the end of the 7th second is

Page # 3
(a) 5 cm/s (b) 10 cm/s (c) 15 cm/s (d) 20 cm/s.
27. A particle is dropped from rest from a large height. Assume g to be constant throughout
the motion. The time taken by it to fall through successive distances of 1 m each will be

2
(a) all equal, being equal to s
g
(b) in the ratio of the square roots of the integers 1, 2, 3, ..
(c) in the ratio of the difference in the square roots of the integers, i.e.
1, ( 2 1), ( 3 2), ( 4 3)

1 1 1
(d) in the ratio of the reciprocals of the square roots of the integers, i.e., , , .... .
1 2 3
28. A person is throwing two balls into the air one after the other. He throws the second ball
when first ball is at the highest point. If he is throwing the balls every second, how high
do they rise ?
(a) 5 m (b) 3.75 m (c) 2.50 m (d) 1.25 m.
29. A body falls freely from rest. It covers as much distance in the last second of its motion as
covered in the first three seconds. The body has fallen for a time of
(a) 3 s (b) 5 s (c) 7 s (d) 9 s.
30. A train is standing on a platform, a man inside a compartment of a train drops a stone. At
the same instant train starts to move with constant acceleration. The path of the particle
as seen by the person who drops the stone is
(a) Parabola
(b) Straight line for sometime & parabola for remaining time.
(c) Straight line
(d) Variable path that cannot be defined.

SOLUTION
1. (d) Conceptual.
(c) Displacement s 4i 3j
N
2.

W E
| s | 4 2 3 2 5 m

S
distance = 7 m.

(b) 9 a 32
1
3.
2

a 2 m / s2 .

502 102 1200


4. (d) s
2a a

1200
Also, v (50) 2( a)x (2500 2400) m / s
a
2 2

or v = 70 m/s.
5. (d) s u2 .
6. (d) For the first 2 second

h1 g 22 2g 20m
1
2
for the second 2 seconds

Page # 4
h2 g 22 2g 20m
1
2
height of the body = (H - 40) m.

(a) 76 4 6 10 36
1
7.
2

u
52
m/s.
3
8. (b) Time taken by the ball to return to juggler is

t 4s .
2u
g
So time interval of throwing the ball = 1 second
position of balls are

h3 20 1 10(1)2 15 m
1
2

h2 20 2 10(2)2 20 m
1
2

h1 20 3 10(3)2 15 m .
1
2

(d) t v
s 4 5

rel
9. 60 v 30
rel

v 30 75 v 45 kph .

10. (a) t v 4 x 10 m / s .
rel s 40
rel 4x

11. (d) vRm vR v m 10k 3i


| v Rm | 109 km / h .

12. (a) vBC v B v C


v B v CB v C
N

25 3j 25i
W E

| vB | 625 3 625 50 km / h
S

tan 30 .
1

| dislacement |
3

13. (b) Since distance =

s
0
30

0
60
t

14. (c) x at (for 0 < t < to)


2 1
2
at t= t0, v= at0 and x= at02
Page # 5
x=x0+(at0)(t-t0)-a(t-t0)2.
(for t0< t < 2t0)

at02
2

t
(0,0) t0 2t0

15. (c) Since the slope of the displacement-time graph of uniform motion in one dimension
represents the velocity of the object, hence the line showing greater slope in graph
corresponds to greater velocity of the object. Therefore, the line making angle 600 with
time axis represents greater velocity.

.
vA tan 300 1/ 3 1
Ratio of two velocity :
vB tan 600 3 3
16. (a) Distance= r
displacement = 2r

= 2 r5=2 105=100
17. (b) Total distance travelled in 5 revolution

Total time = 5 minute


100
Average speed = 20 m / min ute
5
18. (c) Since total displacement in 5 revolution is zero
hence average velocity will be 0
19. (c)

x1 a 10 50a x2 10a 10 a 10 150a


1 2 1 2

x3 20a 10 a 10 250a x1 : x2 : x3 ::1: 3 : 5


2 2
1 2

2
20. (d)

y t6 v ct 5
c dy
6 dt
a 5ct 4
dv
dt

a 5
v t
so at t 5sec, 1 a v
a
v

21. (a) As given in the statement

2 5 1 2 2 3 1
a1 a
2 2
1
a 5
a2 9

Page # 6
22. (a) v2=9+2x
v2=u 2+2as
u=3m/s and a= 1m/s2
23. (b) Given, 3S=a+4bt3
Differentiating both side

0 4 3bt 2
3ds

put t 1
dt

3 v 0 12b 1
v 4b
24. (c) Short tricks


Vman 2 totaldisplacement during accelerationandretardation displacement duringuniform velocity
Vav totaldisplacement


Vman 2 S 5S 2S 14 7
Vav 8S 8 4

25. (a) t1 , x1 4.5 t 2 , x 2 7.5t 2


x/2 x
3 6

Also x1 x 2 (4.5 7.5)t 2


x
2

t2
x
24

Total time : t t1 2t 2
x 2x x
6 24 4

u av 4 m /s.
x
t
26. (b) 200 = u 2 - (1/2) a (2)2
or u - a = 100 (i)
200 + 220 = u(2 + 4) - (1/2) (2 + 4)2a
or u - 3a = 70 (ii)
solving equation (i) and (ii), we get a = 15 cm/s2 and u = 115 cm/s.
further, v = u - at = 115 - 15 7 = 10 cm/s.
27. (c) Time taken to cover first n m is given by

n gt 2n
1
2

tn
2n
or
g
Time taken to cover first (n + 1)th m is given by

2(n 1)
t n 1
g

2(n 1)
t n 1 t n [ n 1 n]
2n 2
g g g
This gives the required ratio as
Page # 7
1, ( 2 1), ( 3 2), ( 4 3) , . etc. (starting from n = 0).
28. (a) Time of ascent = 1 s

1 u = 10 m/s
u
g

Maximum height attained 5m .


u2 102
2g 2 10
29. (b) Distance covered in first three seconds = distance covered in last second

g(3)2 (2t 1)
1 g
2 2
t = 5 s.
30. (c) Relative to person in the train, acceleration of the stone is g downward a(acceleration
of train) backwards.

Page # 8