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Important Data Sets For MAINS !!!

upsctree.com /2016/10/25/important-data-sets-mains/

UPSCTREE 10/25/2016

Important data sets that can be helpful for mains helpful for the Mains exam :

1. 65 per cent of the elderly in India are dependent on others for their financial requirements and undergo
financial crisis.

2. Global Competitiveness Index-39th among 138 countries (Increase by 16 places)

3. One-third of total maternal deaths in 2015 happened in India.

1. One quarter of babies worldwide are still delivered in the absence of a skilled birth attendant

4. Remittances to India to decline by five per cent in 2016 Can be linked with global economy shrinking

5. Logistics Performance Index (LPI)- Indian ranked 35 amongst 160 countries.Link it with ease of doing
business.

6. Health Sector of India:-

1. Total Healthcare Expenditure (THE) of India was Rs. 4.5 lakh crores, which amounts to 4 per cent
of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
2. 69 per cent comes from Out Of Pocket (OOP) payment by households.
3. meagre 9.6 per cent is spent on preventive care.

7. Disaster Vulnerabilities:-95% households in India vulnerable to earthquakes.nearly 59% of Indias land


area is prone to moderate or severe earthquakes.

8. National Gas Grid

1. At present, the country is having about 15,000 kms of natural gas pipeline infrastructure and an
additional 15,000 kms of pipeline is required for completion of National Gas Grid.

9. Diabetes:-

1. Today, over 300 million people live with diabetes. A similar number is at high risk. India has often
been referred to as the diabetes capital of the world but has now ceded this position to China.
According to the International Diabetes Federation, over 66 million people in India live with this
metabolic disease; an almost equal number has pre-diabetes which is an immediate
precursor to diabetes

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10. High Risk Area (HRA) in Indian Ocean and Trade :-

1. HRA line in the Indian Ocean region was designated at 65 degrees East longitude which was quite
far away from Indias West Coast. However, since then India has been consistently taking up in
several global fora, such as the International Maritime Organization and the Contact Group on
Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS), the issue of the restoration of the said HRA geographical
coordinate from its existing position of 78 degrees East longitude to 65 degrees East longitude.
2. Indias overseas seaborne EXIM trade, which is presently about 600 million tonnes per annum, is
expected to be quadrupled to about 2,200 million tons by the year 2020. In value terms, the
commensurate figures thereof are in the region of US$ 900 billion and US$ 2100 billion
respectively. India ranks amongst the top twenty ship owning countries of the world in terms of
Gross Tonnage as well as Deadweight.

11. SalTol Jyothi, the new variety of saltwater-tolerant paddy developed by scientists at the Rice Research
Station, Vyttila in Kochi Give example as genetice engineering.

12. E-Waste:-

1. There are 10 States that contribute to 70 per cent of the total e-waste generated in the country,
while 65 cities generate more than 60 per cent of the total e-waste in India Global dimension of
the issue.
2. Among the 10 largest e-waste generating States, Maharashtra ranks first followed by Tamil Nadu,
Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and
Punjab.

13. Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters (1995- 2015) :- UN Report

1. Over the last twenty years, the overwhelming majority (90%) of disasters have been caused by
floods, storms, heatwaves and other weather-related events.
2. Over this period, weather-related disasters claimed 606,000 lives, an average of some 30,000 per
annum, with an additional 4.1 billion people injured, left homeless or in need of emergency
assistance.

14. Blue Revolution Scheme: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries

1. Fisheries supports livelihood of almost 1.5 million peoples in our country.


2. India is the second largest producer (42. 10 lakh tonnes) of fish from aquaculture which
contributes about 6.3 per cent to global aquaculture production
3. India has over 8000 Km. of coastal line and nearly 2 million Sq Km of EEZ and half a million Sq
Km. of Continental Shelf. From these marine resources, India has an estimated fisheries
potential of 4.11 million tons. Similarly, 3.0 million hectares of reservoirs, 2.5 million hectares
of ponds and tanks, 1.25 million hectares of brackish water area, cold water resources of
hilly states and all other inland fishery resources offer a production potential of about 15
million tons

15. Agriculture sector :-

1.

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Size- Percentage of number of operational Percentage of area
Group holdings to total operated to total

1 Marginal (below 1.00 ha.) 67.10 22.50

2 Small (1.00 2.00 ha.) 17.91 22.08

3 Semi-medium (2.00 4.00 ha.) 10.04 23.63

4 Medium (4.00 10.00 ha.) 4.25 21.20

5 Large (10.00 ha. & above) 0.70 10.59

Importance- Majority of our farmers are Marginal approx . 67% , which makes then vulnerable to
climatic variation as they mostly do subsistence agriculture.

16. India ranks 130th out of 188 on Human Development Index in 2015

1. With a score of 0.609 on HDI, India stands well below the average score of 0.630 for countries
in the medium human development group. But it is marginally above the South Asian countries
average score of 0.607.
2. On the gender development index (GDI), with a value of 0.795, India ranks behind Bangladesh
(0.917), Namibia, Guatemala, even Tajikistan.

17. Water:-

1. About 85 percent of Indias rural domestic water requirements, 50 percent of its urban water
requirements and more than 50 percent of its irrigation requirements are being met from
ground water resources.
2. Most of rainfall (about 75%) occurs during a short span of four Monsoon months (June to
September) resulting into eight relatively dry months.This leave India with a small span of time for
ground water recharge.

18. Today humanity uses the equivalent of 1.6 planets to provide the resources we use and absorb our waste.
This means it now takes the Earth one year and six months to regenerate what we use in a year.

19. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana:-

1. Highlights:-

1. There will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and
1.5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the
premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%. The premium rates to be paid by farmers are
very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to provide full insured
amount to the farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.
2. There is no upper limit on Government subsidy. Even if balance premium is 90%, it
will be borne by the Government.
3. Earlier, there was a provision of capping the premium rate which resulted in low claims
being paid to farmers. This capping was done to limit Government outgo on the premium
subsidy. This capping has now been removed and farmers will get claim against full sum
insured without any reduction.

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20.
21. Financial Inclusion global perspective

1.

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22.

23. Smart City:-

1.

24. Priority Sector includes the following categories: (i) Agriculture


(ii) Micro and Small Enterprises
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(iii) Education
(iv) Housing
(v) Export Credit
(vi) Others

1.

Categories Domestic commercial banks / Foreign banks Foreign banks with less than 20
with 20 and above branches (As percent of branches (As percent of ANBC or
ANBC or Credit Equivalent of Off-Balance Credit Equivalent of Off-Balance
Sheet Exposure, whichever is higher) Sheet Exposure, whichever is
higher)

Total 40 32
Priority
Sector

Total 18 No specific target.


agriculture

Advances 10 No specific target.


to Weaker
Sections

25. At the end of 2014, India had 227 million Internet users, compared to 665 million in China. Fewer than
two out of every five Indian businesses had an online presence compared to almost two-thirds of
firms in China

26. Economic Survey 2015-16 states that India has the second highest number of undernourished people
at 194.6 million person (FAO, State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2015) which warrants immediate
attention. Moreover, with 27 per cent of the population below the poverty line , the rise in prices of food
impacts the poor adversely, with a greater proportion of their household incomes being spent on food.
Therefore, along with provision of food subsidy, stability in agricultural commodity prices is essential for
making poorer sections food secure.

27. United Nations Industrial Development Organization in its report has placed India at 6th among the
worlds top 10 largest manufacturing countries. China tops the list of 10-top industrial producers
followed by the US, Japan, Germany and Korea. Indonesia was at the bottom of the list

28. Indias external debt has remained within manageable limits in 2015-16 as indicated by the increase in
foreign exchange reserves to debt ratio to 74.2 per cent , the external debt-GDP ratio of 23.7 per
cent and fall in short term debt to 17.2 per cent.

29. Last year, the Population Division of the UN took note of the extraordinary levels of sterilisations resorted
to in India 65 per cent of all contraceptive methods and pointed to a potential mismatch between
what is being offered and what women would like, which is to delay or space out births.The Supreme
Courts order directing the Centre to ask States to end the oppressive practice of sterilising women in
large camps.

30. In a country, which has 17% of the worlds population but only four per cent of the fresh water
reserves, we are consuming three times more water for agriculture than USA, Brazil or China.

31. Infected with superbugs in birth facilities within 72 hours of being born, thousands of Indian babies are
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dying due to an alarming degree of drug resistance, a major study has found. The researchers found that
nearly 26 per cent of babies with sepsis died, as multi drug resistance made the ailment
untreatable.

32. Unspoiled lands are disappearing from the face of the Earth at an alarming pace, with about 10 per cent
of wilderness regions an area double the size of Alaska lost in the past two decades amid
unrelenting human development.

33. Health Sector of India Snapshot:-

1. Households continue to be the dominant contributors ( 73 per cent of CHE ) to health finance in
India. The bulk of the total money circulating in Indian healthcare around 69 per cent comes
from Out Of Pocket (OOP) payment by households. OOP is the money which individuals pay
out of their own.
2. High OOP spending is a result of abysmally low government spending on health,
constituting just 1.15 per cent of GDP and 30 per cent of CHE the lowest among the
BRICS nations.
3. It has long been argued that government spending on health should increase to 2.5 per cent
of GDP, a figure also envisaged by the Draft National Health Policy 2015.
4. Around 45 per cent is spent on outpatient care (including both general and special treatment) as
compared to 35 per cent in inpatient care.
5. Overall, the current expenditure on curative care is estimated at Rs 3.4 lakh crores (80.4 per cent)
whereas. In contrast, a meagre 9.6 per cent is spent on preventive care.
6. All the government-funded national health programmes such as the National Disease Control
Programmes are covered under this category. However, it does not include spending on sanitation
or providing access to clean drinking water.

Apart from this , do check the editorials .

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