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UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN

Faculty : Engineering and Science Unit Code : UEME3112


Course : Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Unit Title : Fluid Mechanics II
Mechanical/Civil/Chemical
Engineering
Year/ : 3 Lecturer : Dr Jaslyn Low Foon Siang
Semester
Session : 2016/05

Tutorial No. ( 2 )

1. Two horizontal, infinite, parallel plates are spaced a distance b apart. A viscous liquid is
contained between the plates. The bottom plate is fixed, and the upper plate moves parallel to
the bottom plate with a velocity U. Because of the no-slip boundary condition, the liquid
motion is caused by the liquid being dragged along by the moving boundary. There is no
pressure gradient in the direction of flow. (a) Start with the Navier-Stokes equations and
determine the velocity distribution between the plates. (b) Determine an expression for the flow
rate passing between the plates (for a unit width). Express your answer in terms of b and U.
U

b u
y
x
Fixed plate

2. A viscous, incompressible fluid flows between the two infinite, vertical, parallel plates.
Determine, by use of the Navier-Stokes equations, an expression for the pressure gradient in the
direction of flow. Express your answer in terms of the mean velocity. Assume that the flow is
laminar, steady, and uniform.
3. Two immiscible, incompressible, viscous fluids having the same densities but different
viscosities are contained between two infinite, horizontal, parallel plates. The bottom plate is
fixed and the upper plate moves with a constant velocity U. Determine the velocity at the
interface. Express your answer in terms of U, 1 and 2 . The motion of fluid is caused entirely
by the movement of the upper plate; that is, there is no pressure gradient in the x direction. The
fluid velocity and shearing stress are continuous across the interface between the two fluids.
Assume laminar flow.

4. The viscous oil is set into steady motion


by a concentric inner cylinder moving
axially at a velocity U inside a fixed outer
cylinder. Assuming constant pressure and
density, and a purely axial fluid motion,
find the fluid velocity distribution vz(r).
What are proper boundary conditions?