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Interview/Brief Analysis: Addressing a Needed Change

Glorimary Diaz Torres


JUN 26,2017

Shirley Burnett

Interview/Brief Analysis: Addressing a Needed Change

The purpose of these paper is to respond to the assignment where the students of

instructional design class were asked to perform and interview to a curriculum developer,

instructional designer, or any professional in the field of adult education and training. The main

purpose of the interview was to listen to the experiences and need for change in his/her

organization as developer or designer in the adult education or training environment. At times,

the current design needs to change; Organizational structures at macro and micro levels must be

examined to ensure that they are designed to accomplish the institutional vision. This involves

considering the effectiveness of existing systems, and how to work within them, change them, or

develop new structures (Andrade, 2016). The professional selected for the interview was Dr.

Glamil Cartagena; because she lives in Ponce Puerto Rico the interview was conducted over the

phone Sunday, June 26, 2017, at 10:00pm Atlanta time. Ive known Dr. Cartagena for over 37

years. We went to the same schools since elementary, I was very excited to interview Glamil! Dr.

Glamil Cartagena obtained her bachelor degree in education with a specialization in math at the

Universidad de Puerto Rico. She also accomplished masters in math at Universidad de Puerto

Rico, a Dr. degree in Curriculum and Teaching at the Universidad Catholica de Ponce, and a

certification in (Multiple Intelligences: Expanding our Perspectives to Engage and serve All

Learners) at Harvard University.

The academy preparation of Dr. Cartagena has opened many doors and experiences in the

field of Pedagogy, Andragogy, Curriculum, and training. She is currently working as a Principal

for Dr. Celso Barbosa Elementary School in the day, and three times a week at night as a

Calculus and Precalculus professor for Caribbean University for over ten years. Besides

teaching, she is part of the director board for the Committee Association for curriculum reviews

and improvements. As a director of the school, she also trains and coaches teachers where she

designs the necessary training. In the interview, I ask Dr. Cartagen question about her

organization, work, students, and desirable changes that she has done or would love to see

happens about addressing a needed change in education.

The interview conversation starts talking about my instructional design class and the

important components that need to be take in consideration when building or designing a

curriculum, training or class. My first questions were: As a curriculum expert and adult

education instructor; do you think that in your current organization something needs to change or

improve? Cartagena explains how the system works in detail. Every class has a syllabus with

the material that needs to be covered by the instructors when we design or build the classes each

semester, and yes; there is always an opportunity for changes and improvement in technology

and education (Cartagenas, 2017). Cartagena talk about her experience in two different fields of

adult education: traditional students and online students. Cartagena currently teaches

precalculus/calculus at night to Caribbean University Students that are perusing an Engineer

degree, also online she teaches basic math classes. The next question was; Base on your

experience over ten years working with Caribbean University and designing the classes base on

the expectations of the university; what do you think needs to change for improvement for the

benefit of the student and the college? Cartagena respond: working reviewing the syllabus in

various occasion I had actualizing and reforming the syllabus to update to todays society, by

making them more competitive and attractive taking in consideration the globalization. This way

the students will receive a quality education at the global level. These changes that I had found

necessary have been done and approved by the committee of curriculum review (Cartagenas,

2017). Another topic to take in consideration when creating an instructional design Cartagena

stated to be the demographics in the classroom. Question relating to the learning population and

demographics that Cartagena respond was: what is the result of the population analysis? Any

specials need that they may have? How you take those factors into consideration when building a

class? Most of the adjustment that I had made to my classes are based on the demographics of

my classes demographics. Most of my classes at night and online the demographic is very

diverse. Students are between the ages of 20 and up, and some have different needs in learning.

Some of the learners are advanced students when others need more teaching. There also the

student with different types of disabilities. What they all have in common is that they all are

working students taking math for engineering (Cartagenas, 2017). She also mentions that by

the years of experiences, analysis, and evaluations she had created the ability to design the class

taking in consideration the educational aspect, that has an influence on the learning style of the

student and the approaching of teaching. Incorporating the entire class and keeping them engage

with the similarity and preference, Cartagena has found a solution to work with a diverse group

of students. Demographic data sets such as age, gender, and educational achievement level are

familiar tools to most people. There are times when more sophisticated demographic data are

useful and gathering these data requires a systematic approach to analysis (Hodell, 2016).

Taking into consideration the demographic will help to tailor the class based on the learners need

and preference.

To conclude the analysis of the interview; making the necessary change in the current

curriculum, training or classes will be beneficiary for the learners and the organization. Dr.

Cartagena has the experience and expertise and years of study to recognize the need for change

and the importance of the learner when creating an instructional design. Maximal learning is

expected to occur when educators classify the underlying knowledge structure of learning

objectives, match them with the appropriate learning process, and fit them with the appropriate

instructional methods (Derrick McIver, 2015). Taking into consideration the purpose, subject,

demographics of the learners, technology, available tools, instructional design models and step

will help a professional in the field to design a successful project.


Andrade, M. S. (2016, March 1). Effective Organizational Structures and Processes: Addressing Issues of
Change. Retrieved from search.serialssolutions.com:

Cartagenas, D. G. (2017, June 25). Professor . (G. Diaz, Interviewer)

Derrick McIver, S. F. (2015). Instructional Design as Knowledge Management. Retrieved from


Hodell, C. (2016). Demographics. In Curriculum Theory and Instructional Design (p. 38).