TIMBER
the wood that is still attached to
the ground.
the wood with its bark still on.
Timber still has to be cut and
TIMBER processed for it to be sold for
TRIVIA: The term TIMBER construction purposes.
occurred 110
times in Chapter 6
in U.S. and Canada, timber usually
of NSCP 2015 refers to felled trees.
In NSCP 2015, Timber are square or
nearly square sawn lumber that is
not less than 125 mm wide.
LUMBER
LUMBER
rough lumber is the raw material,
which can be processed and then
used for a variety of functions.
finished lumber is the wood that
LUMBER has already been processed and
TRIVIA: The term LUMBER usually available in various sizes
occurred 139 times
in Chapter 6 of
than can be immediately used
NSCP 2015 without requiring much cutting or
shaping.
a relatively new term compared to
timber
Basic References
PART II  REQUIREMENTS
APPLICABLE TO DESIGN OF
WIND AND EARTHQUAKE
LOADRESISTING SYSTEMS
SECTION 614  WOOD SHEAR WALLS
AND DIAPHRAGMS
NOTE: The same with NSCP 2010
Section 615
DESIGN VALUES FOR STRUCTURAL MEMBERS
615.1 General
615.2 Reference Design Values
615.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Value
In Service
Reference
Moisture
Design Values
Conditions1 < <
616.1 General
616.2 Bending Members  General
616.3 Bending Members Flexure
616.4 Bending Members Shear
616.5 Bending Members  Deflection
616.6 Compression Members  General
616.7 Solid Columns
616.8 Tension Members
616.9 Combined Bending and Axial Loading
616.10 Design for Bearing
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
= where < 50
8
E = 6,670 MPa
6
COVE =0.25
.
4 =
2 NSCP 2001
NSCP 2015
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
+ +
= =
.
NSCP 2001 NSCP 2015
. .
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
Note:
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
when e dn : =
when e > dn : =
when x < 5d : = d
de
when x 5d : =
d de d de
Note:
Unloaded Edge
Unloaded Edge
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
all
should be
replaced
with
missing
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
.
where =
c = 0.80 for sawn lumber
c = 0.85 for round timber poles
or piles
c = 0.90 for structural glulam
timber, structural
composite lumber, and
cross laminated timber
SAMPLE COMPARISON OF VALUES OF Fc
NSCP 2015 vs. NSCP 1992
12 BASIS OF GRAPH:
= 63% visually
10 stressgraded Guijo
Fc = 10.40 MPa
8 NSCP 1992: Adjustment factors
other than CP
6 taken as 1.0
= E = 6,670 MPa
4 NSCP 2015: COVE =0.25
.
=
2
NSCP 1992
NSCP 2015
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
TRIVIA:
The column stability factor for rectangular columns can be
used for other column shapes by substituting for in
computing .
. .
=
=
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
+ . and .
where:
= reference bending design value multiplied by all
applicable adjustment factors except , MPa.
= reference bending design value multiplied by all
applicable adjustment factors except , MPa.
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
+ + .
and
+ .0
where: < =
. for either uniaxial edgewise
bending or biaxial bending
and < =
. for uniaxial flatwise bending or
biaxial bending
.
and < = for biaxial bending
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Section 616
DESIGN PROVISIONS AND EQUATIONS
617.1 General
617.2 Reference Design Values
617.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Values
617.4 Special Design Considerations
Section 617
SAWN LUMBER
Decking
0.852 0.67 0.90
. = .
where
. = compression perpendicular to grain design value
at 0.5 mm deformation limit, MPa
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
x
x
x
x
x
x
x



Load Duration Factor
Temperature Factor
SAWN LUMBER
Section 617






Beam Stability Factor




Size Factor






Incising Factor






Repetitive Factor
Column Stability






Table 617.31 Applicability of Adjustment Factors for Sawn Lumber
Factor
617.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Values
Buckling Stiffness






Factor






617.4.3 Notches
Notches shall be permitted provided it satisfy the following limitations
618.1 General
618.2 Reference Design Values
618.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Values
618.4 Special Design Considerations
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
618.1.2 Definitions
The term structural glued laminated timber refers to an
engineered, stress rated product of a timber laminating plant,
comprising assemblies of specially selected and prepared wood
laminations bonded together with adhesives. The grain of all
laminations is approximately parallel longitudinally. The separate
laminations shall not exceed 50 mm in net thickness and are
permitted to be comprised of:
one piece
pieces joined endtoend to form any length
pieces placed or glued edgetoedge to make wider ones
pieces bent to curved form during gluing.
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
618.2.4 Bending, , ,
618.2.5 Compression Perpendicular to Grain, ,
618.2.6 Shear Parallel to Grain, ,
618.2.7 Modulus of Elasticity, , , ,
618.2.8 Radial Tension,
618.2.9 Radial Compression,
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
Curvature Factor
Stress Interaction
Column Stability
Shear Reduction
Volume Factor1
Bearing Area
Temperature
Wet Service
Factor1
Factor
Factor
Factor
Factor
Factor
Factor
Factor
= x   
= x        
= x       
= x        
= x       
= x        
= x         
= x         
1 The beam stability factor, , shall not apply simultaneously with the volume factor, , for structural glued laminated
timber bending members (see 618.3.6). Therefore, the lesser of these adjustment factors apply.
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
where
= thickness of laminations, mm
= radius of curvature of inside face of member, mm
= for hardwoods
= for softwoods
The curvature factor shall not apply to reference design values in the straight
portion of a number, regardless of curvature elsewhere.
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
=
tan
+ +
where
= angle of taper, degrees
For members tapered on the compression face, the stress interaction factor,
, shall not apply simultaneously with the volume factor, , therefore, the
lesser of these adjustment factors shall apply.
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
=
tan
+ +
where
= angle of taper, degrees
For members tapered on the tension face, the stress interaction factor, ,
shall not apply simultaneously with the beam stability factor, , therefore,
the lesser of these adjustment factors shall apply.
Taper cuts on the tension face of structural glued laminated timber beams are
not recommended.
Section 618
STRUCTURAL GLUED LAMINATED TIMBER
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
x
x
x
x
x
x
x



Load Duration Factor
Temperature Factor
SAWN LUMBER
Section 617






Beam Stability Factor




Size Factor






Incising Factor






Repetitive Factor
Column Stability






Table 617.31 Applicability of Adjustment Factors for Sawn Lumber
Factor
617.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Values
Buckling Stiffness






Factor






A 2x6 (38mm x 138mm actual size) 80% Stress Grade Pine interior bearing stud,
4 meters long, sheathed on both sides with gypsum board, carries roof loads.
Determine CP and the allowable compressive stress Fc for the stud. Assume studs
are placed 400mm on center and top and bottom plates are of same grade and
species. Determine axial loads controlled by buckling and allowed by bearing.
A 2x6 (38mm x 138mm actual size) 80% Stress Grade Pine interior bearing stud,
4 meters long, sheathed on both sides with gypsum board, carries roof loads.
Determine CP and the allowable compressive stress Fc for the stud. Assume studs
are placed 400mm on center and top and bottom plates are of same grade and
species. Determine axial loads controlled by buckling and allowed by bearing.
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
x
x
x
x
x
x
x



Load Duration Factor
Temperature Factor
SAWN LUMBER
Section 617






Beam Stability Factor




Size Factor






Incising Factor






Repetitive Factor
Column Stability






Table 617.31 Applicability of Adjustment Factors for Sawn Lumber
Factor
617.3 Adjustment of Reference Design Values
Buckling Stiffness






Factor






A 2x6 (38mm x 138mm actual size) 80% Stress Grade Pine interior bearing stud, 4 meters
long, sheathed on both sides with gypsum board, carries roof loads. Determine CP and the
allowable compressive stress Fc for the stud. Assume studs are placed 400mm on center
and top and bottom plates are of same grade and species. Determine axial loads controlled
by buckling and allowed by bearing. N/A
N/A N/A
0.822Emin Fc* = Fc(CD)(CM)(Ct) (CF)
FcE = Emin = Emin(CM)(Ct)(Ci) (CT)
(e /d)2 = 14.7(1.0)(1.0)(1.0)
0.822 (2190) = 2433(0.90) (1.0)
= = 14.70 MPa = 2190 MPa
(29.0)2
= 2.141 MPa Fc = Fc multiplied by all applicable
*
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