Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

LINKING WORDS

CONCESSION AND CONTRAST

(Kartlk bildiren balalar)

B. BOYACIOGLU
Linking two ideas that contrast with eachother

Although
Even though
While Though
Whereas As
On the other hand In spite of
Yet Despite
but In spite of the fact
Despite the fact
WHILE / WHEREAS / BUT / ON THE
OTHER HAND / YET + CLAUSE

He is tall while / whereas / but / on the


other hand she is short.
Football is popular in England while / yet /
but / on the other hand in Australia they
prefer cricet.
Jack thinks were ready to begin while /
whereas / yet / but Tom thinks we still
need to wait.
ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH /
THOUGH(informal) + CLAUSE
Although Maria is a clever student, she didnt
receive a schoolarship.
Or Maria didnt receive a schoolarship although
she is a clever student.
Although the cafe was crowded, we found a
table.
Though it was raining, they swam in the sea.
I liked the sweater. I decided not to buy it
though.
Adjective / Adverb + as + subject + verb
Hard as I try, my cooking isnt so good as
yours.
Quickly as they worked, they failed to finish the
task in time.
Much as + clause
Much as I like sports, I dislike football.
Much as he tried, he couldnt persuade his father.
Despite / In spite of + noun (pronoun
Despite / In spite of + _ing
We went out in spite of / despite the rain.
Despite / in spite of their wealth, they arent
happy.
Jane went on working in spite of / despite
feeling unwell.
She wasnt well, but despite / in spite of this she
went to work.
Despite / In spite of not having an umbrella, I
walked home in the rain.
I didnt get the job despite / in spite of
having all the necessary qualifications.
Despite the fact / In spite of the fact +
that _clause
In spite of the fact / Despite the fact that
they are rich, they arent happy.
I didnt get the job in spite of the fact /
despite the fact that I have all the
necessary qualifications.
He is a good company in spite of the fact
that / despite the fact that he talks all the
time.
EXERCISES
A. Join the sentences using although, whereas,
despite, but, while or in spite of
1. Sarah is a company director.
2. Sarah enjoys her job.
3. Sarah loves classical music.
4. Sarah owns a new Porche.
5. Sarah is tall with dark hair.

a. Sarah works long hours.


b. Sarahs boyfriend likes rock music.
c. Sarahs mother is short with blonde hair.
d. Sarah is only 26.
e. Sarah never drives to work.
EXAMPLE: Sarah is a company director
despite / in spite of being only 26.
B. Look at the example and rewrite the sentences
as many ways as possible.

1.The weather was bad. The ship departed.


- Although / Even though the weather was bad,
the ship departed.
- In spite of / Despite the bad weather,
the ship departed.
- In spite of the fact that the weather was bad,
the ship departed.
2. She had enough money for the dress. She
didnt buy it.

-Although / Even though she had enough money


for the dress, she didnt buy it.
-Despite / In spite of having enough money,
she didnt buy the dress.
-Despite the fact that / In spite of the fact that
she had enough money for the dress, She didnt
buy it.
She had enough money for the dress. She didnt
-

buy it, though


3. She is sixty years old. She still goes jogging.
-Although / Even though she is sixty, she still
goes jogging.

-Despite / In spite of being sixty, she still goes


joggging.

-Despite / In spite of the fact that she is sixty, she


still goes jogging.
C. Rephrase the sentences.
1. Although my mother is from Paris, I have never
been there.
(Despite the fact)
2. In spite of having travelled the world, he is
narrow-minded.
(Although)
3. He is a sailor but he cant swim.
(In spite of)
4. He did his best. He came last.
(yet)
D. Choose the correct one.
1. My sister is dark, whereas / despite Im blonde.
2. Despite / Yet going on a diet, she put on five
kilos.
3. Even though / Despite were good friends,
we dont meet very often
4. My mother is French whereas / even though
my father is Polish.
5. I invited Sue. She didnt come, although /
though