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The Personality Theories of Adler and Jung

A Reflection Paper
School of Graduate Studies_Master of Arts in Guidance Counseling

Personality is a complex concept. Its understanding, no matter how challenging, is

however important in order to understand the intricacies of human behaviour. This is why it is
always best to revisit the theories of personality proposed by two great psychologists Adler and

Alfred Adler developed the individual psychology theory while Carl Gustav Jung
conceptualized the analytical psychology theory. The strengths and limitations of each theory
were courageously discussed by both. Adlers view of human nature is that people can create
their own personalities and lifestyle to achieve their highest goals. This belief translates this
way: the driving force for human behavior is the desire for success or superiority. Jung, on the
other hand, has a different approach. He believed that every person is motivated, not only by
repressed experiences, but also by experiences inherited from ancestors.

The motivations for behavior are the primary concepts that set the differences between
the theories of Adler and Jung. This can be best understood by looking at how both leaned
farther from the concept of free will. They both believe that there are constraints to free will.
It can either be factors such as perception or belief, or the concept of self-awareness. Men are
driven by either depending on the circumstances.

As a deeper way of analyzing their theories, Adler believed in the interplay between
conscious and unconscious in his theory of personality. This, however, is not the case in Jungs.
The latter leaned more on the role of the unconscious on what largely shows in a persons
overall personality.

As both these are only theories, they serve as basic guides in dealing with the intricacies
of human behaviour. They are good tools in answering basic inquiries about the motivations
surrounding ones personality. This understanding will also allow us to make good interventions
as to the effects of behaviour in every individuals life.