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ALGORITHM IN IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY

Sakshi1 and Amandeep Kaur2

1 Department of Information Security, Chandigarh Engineering College, Mohali, India,

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Information Technology, Chandigarh Engineering College, Mohali, India

---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract - Due to the high growth of Internet and its "the picture which is utilized to convey the shrouded

applications over the network, there is a need of high level of information is called as cover picture and the picture which

security while doing the data to transfer between the conveys the concealed information are called as stego

networks. Steganography is a technique of hiding the data picture".

over the medium so that no one knows that there is any

communication going on except the sender and receiver. The word Steganography is gotten from the Greek words [1]

This paper gives an approach for Image Steganography to "stegos" which means cover and "grafy" which means

improve the level of security for information exchange over composing all things considered called as secured

the web. The 24-bit RGB image is picked as a cover picture composition. To conceal the mystery message inside any

which hides the encrypted secret message inside red, green picture requires the accompanying components [1].

and blue pixel values. The combination approach of DWT,

The Cover picture into which the mystery message

Masking, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Genetic

stows away

Algorithm (GA) has been implemented on cover image and

The Secret message which might be a plaintext, figure

text data that is to be hidden in cover image is encrypted

content or some other sort of information

with Elgamal and AES algorithm (hybrid approach). This

The Hiding Function or the key

technique gives a level of security to the mystery message

The Stego picture which is created after the installing of

which makes it troublesome for the gatecrashers to remove

mystery message into the cover picture

the concealed data. A Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio, Mean

The Extract Function which will isolate the mystery

Square Error and Decryption Time is calculated which

message and the cover picture

measures the quality of images used. Larger PSNR and lower

MSE value indicates lower distortion and hence a better

quality of image. There are three fundamental elements which rely on upon

the installing of the information [2]:

Key Words: Cover image, Stego image, PSNR, MSE, LSB

insertion, DWT, Masking, ANN, GA, AES, Elgamal Visual nature of stego pictures (the picture with lower

contortion is more best for a high visual nature of picture)

1.INTRODUCTION Security (how secure is the picture from outside

components like clamor, altering, fashion and so on).

The Information Security is picking up significance due to Embedding limit (identified with the difference and

the utilization of information being exchanged on the luminance attributes which have a most extreme limit of

internet. Subsequently, the information respectability and implanting information in the picture)

secrecy are vital angles in the field of Network Security.

Presently days, the assailants have additionally registering

energy to have the capacity to break encryption calculations

and these abilities will just increment later on. Here, "the

significance of steganography lies as it shrouds the presence

of the mystery message which makes the occupation of

aggressor more troublesome".

1.1 STEGANOGRAPHY

cover medium which by and large could be a picture, sound

record, video document and so on. "It is the craftsmanship

and investigation of tricky correspondence". In the event of a

picture, Image steganography is utilized as a part of which Fig -1: Basic Image of Steganography

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3142

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 04 | Apr -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Image Steganography is separated in two sections: The synapses are Wij (weights) of the J neurons; they are

real numbers between 0 and 1. The function is a summation

Spatial space and Transform area. Spatial area otherwise of combinations between active synapses associated with

called Image space bargains straightforwardly with the the same neuron. The activation function is a non-linear

pixels. The message is inserted in the pixel forces and operator to return a true value or rounded in the range [0 1].

subsequently controls and adjusts the picture.[3] LSB

Substitution procedure is a case of spatial space strategy.

Change area otherwise called Frequency space changes the

picture first and after that the cover picture gets

incorporated with the message. The change is done starting

with one space then onto the next area. By changing the

space, the information could be taken care of all the more

effectively as far as lossy pressure of pictures, honing and so

forth. There are different change methods [4] like "discrete

cosine change procedure (DCT), Quick Fourier change

procedure (FFT) and Discrete Wavelet change system

(DWT)".

Steganography [5]. Limit is the measure of the mystery

message that the cover picture could convey. Security

alludes to the location of the concealed message inside the

cover picture is not caught and vigor alludes to the ability of

the stego picture to withstand the progressions in regards to Fig -2: Artificial Neural Network

picture controls, trimming, pressure and so on.

1.3. GENETIC ALGORITHM

1.2 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS

In the field of computerized reasoning, a hereditary

The neural system is roused by natural neural framework. It calculation (GA) is an interest heuristic that duplicates the

is made out of a few interconnected components to take care strategy of regular assurance.[7] This heuristic is routinely

of a gathering of fluctuated issues[6]. The mind is made out used to create accommodating responses for upgrade and

of billions of neurons and trillions of associations between chase issues. Innate computations have a place with the

them. The nerve motivation goes through the dendrites and greater class of formative estimations (which deliver

axons, and after that treated in the neurons through answers for upgrade issues using techniques moved by

neurotransmitters. This outcomes in the field of simulated natural evolution, for instance, legacy, change, decision, and

neural systems in a few interconnected components or mixture)[8].

having a place with one of the three imprints neurons,

information, yield or covered up. Neurons having a place A typical genetic algorithm requires:

with layer n are viewed as a programmed limit.

Furthermore, to be actuated, it must get a flag over this edge, 1. a genetic representation of the solution domain,

the yield of the neuron subsequent to considering the weight

parameters, providing every one of the components having a 2. a fitness function to evaluate the solution domain.

place with the layer n +1. As organic neural framework,

neural systems can realize, which makes them helpful. The

fake neural systems are units of investigating, fit for taking Basic Genetic Algorithm

care of fluffy data in parallel and turn out with one or more

results representing the postulated solution. The 1. [Start] Generate irregular populace of n

fundamental unit of a neural system is a non-direct chromosomes (reasonable answers for the issue)

combinational capacity called manufactured neurons. A

manufactured neuron speaks to a PC recreation of an organic 2. [Fitness] Evaluate the wellness f(x) of every

neuron human mind. Each simulated neuron is portrayed by chromosome x in the populace

a data vector which is available at the contribution of the

neuron and a non-direct numerical administrator fit for 3. [New population] Create another populace by

computing a yield on this vector. The following figure shows rehashing taking after strides until the new

an artificial neuron: populace is finished

a) [Selection] Select two parent chromosomes from

a populace as indicated by their wellness (the better

wellness, the greater opportunity to be chosen)

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3143

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 04 | Apr -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

b) [Crossover] With a hybrid likelihood traverse the Below are different symmetric and asymmetric algorithms:

guardians to shape another posterity (kids). On the

off chance that no hybrid was performed, posterity List of Symmetric Algorithms:

is precise of guardians.

i. Data Encryption Standard ( DES)

c) [Mutation] With a transformation likelihood ii. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

change new posterity at every locus (position in iii. Blowfish Encryption Algorithm

chromosome). iv. International Data Encryption Algorithm

v. Triple Data Encryption Standard

d) [Accepting] Place new posterity in another

populace

List of Asymmetric Algorithms:

4. [Replace] Use new created populace for a further

keep running of calculation i. Diffie-Hellman

5. [Test] If the end condition is fulfilled, stop, and give ii. RSA

back the best arrangement in current population[9]. iii. DSA

iv. Elgamal Encryption

6. [Loop] Go to step 2 v. ECC

1.4. CRYPTOGRAPHY

2. PROPOSED METHOD

Cryptography is the limit of finishing security by encoding

the data into an indiscernible edge[10]. Cryptography is the The proposed method is combination of Steganography and

branch of cryptology which oversees computation gets ready Cryptography. The implementation has been done in

for encryption and interpreting, prompts to the legitimacy of MATLAB simulator. Here is step by step approach of

the message. A system to cover the substance of encoding proposed method:

plain substance is returned to encryption and to get the

figure substance to its one of a kind plain substance is known 2.1. ENCODING ALGORITHM:

as unscrambling. Modern cryptography is heavily based on

mathematical theory and computer science practice; 1. Upload any RGB image in which you want to embed

cryptographic algorithms are designed around your secret data.

computational hardness assumptions, making such 2. Find the frequency domain representation of blocks

algorithms hard to break in practice by any adversary. It is by 1D Haar Discrete Wavelet Transform and get

theoretically possible to break such a system, but it is four sub bands LL1, HL1, LH1, and HH1.

infeasible to do so by any known practical means. These

schemes are therefore termed computationally secure; 3. Masking of image by applying different filters and

theoretical advances, e.g., improvements in integer find the zero level contour using 1726 iteration in

factorization algorithms, and faster computing technology which initial data is being saved.

require these solutions to be continually adapted. 4. Train the neural network by inputting the features

Cryptosystem shows as a stand-out security game plan in extracted from LL1 band and find the blank

various creating applications stressed to equipment, locations

correspondence, frameworks where confirmation of security 5. Genetic algorithm is used by optimizing the neural

is basic. It is furthermore used to focus electronic stamp network.

progressions. A server-based electronic stamp system is 6. Input the message and password and Encrypt the

huge amounts of transmitting messages and on different message using hybrid algorithm (AES and elgamal

riddle keys. Despite this it is moreover used to arrange a algorithm).

detached stamp check in perspective of the evacuation

a. Calculate the length of the text to determine the

extraction procedure. There are two sorts of encryption

number of LSBs used for embedding.

figurings: symmetric encryption count and hilter kilter

encryption estimation [11]. In symmetric key encryption 7. Embed the encrypted message bits , password and

sender and gatherer will have a comparative key for the key in k-LSBs DWT coefficients each pixel according

methodology of encryption and unscrambling of data [12]. In to mapping function.

a symmetric key encryption count assorted keys are used as

a piece of sending and getting site for encryption and B. DECODING ALGORITHM:

disentangling. The Digital Signature Scheme Algorithm (DSA)

used as a piece of this paper is of upside down sort count 1. Decrypt the message by entering the password used

[13]. and by reverse AES and elgamel algorithm.

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3144

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 04 | Apr -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

2. Extract the message length from the stego image 3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

and after extracting the length apply reverse

2DWT algorithm on image to extract the message This section presents the obtained results of the proposed

from stego image

3. Calculate the PSNR, MSE, and Decrytion time method. Here, two 24- bit RGB images are taken as used

between the input image and stego image. in[11] such that results can be compared with other existing

methods.

START

Apply PIXEL given image

Management

Network part of Image

Enter text to be

Apply GA on bit

embedded and

pattern

password

Display Stego Image Encrypt the text and

password with

Calculate PSNR, MSE

elgamel and AES

and Decryption time

image using

password

text

END

Fig -3: Flow Chart of Proposed Method

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3145

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

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Fig -7: MSE Graph of Stego Image

Fig -8: Decryption time Graph of Stego Image

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3146

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Volume: 04 Issue: 04 | Apr -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

asymmetric cryptography algorithm with the symmetric

cryptography algorithm. If somehow there are chances that

steganography has been revealed by intruders, the second

level of security provided to the secret message

always keeps the contents secrecy. Thus, the proposed

technique works both on keeping the secrecy of the contents

as well as existence of the message.

along with hybrid approach to encryption has been used.

Improvement of the technique can still be emerged by

making neural network work as steganalysis tool, so that

there is no need for decryption across the receiver side.

REFERNCES

[1] Dagar E. and Dagar S. , LSB Based Image

Steganography Using X-Box Mapping, In the Proceedings

Chart -1: Comparison of different methods in terms of of the 2014 International Conference on Advances in

PSNR ratio Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI) ,

India, pp. 351-355. 2014.

Hemacha0ndran2, High Capacity data hiding using LSB

Steganography and Encryption, International Journal of

Database Management Systems ( IJDMS ), Vol.4, No.6,

December 2012, pp. 57-68.

Limits of Steganography , IEEE Journal of Selected Areas in

Communications, May 1998., Vol.16, No.4, pp. 474-481.

of LSB based Steganography for Hiding Image in Audio,

(IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and

Engineering Vol.2, No.5, 2010, pp. 1652-1658.

Chart -2: Comparison of different methods in terms of Information Using High Secure Neural Based Steganography

Algorithm, World Academy of Science, Engineering and

MSE ratio

Technology, Vol.2, No.11, Nov 2008, pp. 566-577.

4.CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE [6] Imran Khan, An Efficient Neural Network based

Algorithm of Steganography for image, International Journal

In this dissertation, the steganography technique which is of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering

implemented with genetically modified neural network is (IJCTEE), Vol.1, No.2, pp. 63-67.

proposed. The power of this technique is illustrated by [7] Atallah M. Al-Shatnawi, A New Method in Image

means of PSNR value which is high. PSNR will represent the Steganography with Improved Image Quality, Applied

image quality. Enhanced PSNR value is needed in order to Mathematical Sciences, Vol.6, No.79, 2012, pp. 3907 3915 .

avoid the suspicious images to be known by hackers that

might creep in across the network. The abnormality of [8] Saravanan V. and Neeraja A., Security Issues In

the image is avoided for acquiring the confidentiality of data. Computer Networks And Steganography, In the Proceedings

The aim of the proposed technique is to conjugate of the 2013 Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO), India,

cryptography and steganography together. The results and pp. 363-366, 2013.

the discussions have clearly shown this idea. The security is

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3147

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 04 | Apr -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Matching And Multi-Band Embedding In the Proceedings of

the 2011 International Conference on Image Processing

(ICIP) , India, pp. 2737-2740, 2011.

Vikram.M, Bharatha Sreeja.G, AES BASED STEGANOGRAPH

, International Journal of Application or Innovation in

Engineering & Management (IJAIEM), Vol.2, No.1, January

2013.

Hiding Technique, International Journal of Computer

Applications, Vol.9, No.7, November 2010.

Cryptography with Steganography International Journal

of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software

Engineering , Vol.3, No.5, May 2013 .

Steganography Approach for Image Encryption Exchange

by Using the Least Significant Bit Insertion , IJCSNS

International Journal of Computer Science and Network

Security, Vol.8, No.6, June 2008.

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 3148

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