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Topic ASME Y14.5-2009 ASME Y14.5M-1994 ANSI Y14.

5M-1982 ISO

Projection method third angle third angle third angle first angle

Default relationship between size & form size controls form (Rule #1) size controls form (Rule #1) size controls form (Rule #1) form is independent of size

Write a note or apply Write a note or apply


Overriding default size/form relationship
straightness to a FOS. straightness to a FOS.

Controlling coplanarity of multiple Use profile of a surface, Use profile of a surface, Use profile of a surface, Use flatness, indicate number of
surfaces indicate number of surfaces. indicate number of surfaces. indicate number of surfaces. surfaces, write CZ (Common
Zone) in tolerance frame.

Box w/ GD&T control symbols & tolerance feature control frame feature control frame feature control frame tolerance frame

Dimension used to indicate theoretically


TED (theoretically exact
exact locations, angles, profiles, or gage basic dimensions basic dimensions basic dimensions
dimensions)
and fixture dimensions

Form: Surface flatness

Form: Median plan flatness

Form: Straightness

Form: Circularity called roundness

Form: Cylindricity

Orientation: Parallelism or

Orientation: Angularity

Orientation: Perpendicularity or

FOS only; composite vs. FOS only; composite vs. FOS only. Must indicate MMC, May be applied to a FOS or a
single segment well-defined. single segment well-defined. LMC, or RFS on tolerance & surface. No distinction between
Location: Position RFS is the default tolerance RFS is the default tolerance FOS datum. No distinction composite vs. two single-
condition and RMB is the and FOS datum condition. between composite vs. two segment.
default FOS datum condition. single-segment.

Median points are coplanar to Median points are coplanar to Symmetry symbol not defined Extracted median surface is
Location: Symmetry datum plane (coplanarity plus datum plane (coplanarity plus or used. Symmetry controlled coplanar to datum plane.
volume/mass balance). volume/mass balance). using position RFS.

Median points are coaxial to Median points are coaxial to Axes of all cross-sectional Extracted median line is
Location: Concentricity datum axis (coaxiality plus datum axis (coaxiality plus elements are coaxial to coaxial to datum axis.
volume/mass balance). volume/mass balance). datum axis.

2012 Stolter, LLC and Geometric Learning Systems. ! Information believed to be accurate: no warrantee, express or implied.! ! ! ! ! www.gd-t.com
Topic ASME Y14.5-2009 ASME Y14.5M-1994 ANSI Y14.5M-1982 ISO

Profile: Surface / Line

Composite vs. two-single segment


Fully described Fully described Undefined: no distinction. Undefined: no distinction.
concept for position and profile

Runout: Total / Circular (run-out)

Envelope: Related vs. Unrelated Clear distinction made. No distinction made. No distinction made. No distinction made.

MMC/MMB MMC only MMC only MMC only

LMC/LMB LMC only LMC only LMC only

default condition; no symbol required for position RFS; default condition for all controls,
Regardless of feature size (RFS) default condition; no symbol
( OK for position, legacy) default condition w/other cntrls no symbol

FOS datums referenced RMB FOS datum refd RFS default; required for position RFS;
Regardless of material boundary (RMB) none (default)
by default; no symbol ( OK w/position, legacy) default condition w/other cntrls

Free State Free State used, no symbol.

All around / All over none none

or shown with phantom Shown with phantom lines on Shown with phantom lines on UZ (Unequal Zone)
Unequally disposed profile
lines on drawing. drawing. drawing.

Datum feature identification symbol

Continuous feature / Statistical tolerance / none / none / none none / none

none (use 0 and open none (use 0 and open none (use 0 and open
Reciprocity
size tolerance) size tolerance) size tolerance)

Translation none none none

Moveable datum target none none none

Counterbore / Spotface / / none / none none / none

Tangent Plane none none

Countersink none

Depth none

Controlled radius CR CR R (default is a fair curve) none

2012 Stolter, LLC and Geometric Learning Systems. ! Information believed to be accurate: no warrantee, express or implied.! ! ! ! ! www.gd-t.com