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# Problem 63 Mathematics (Algebra)

## In 1945, Arthur Clarke, a scientist and science-fiction writer, predicted that

an artificial satelliete placed at a height of 2248 miles directly above the
equator would orbit the globe at the same speed with which the earth was
rotating. This belt along the equator is known as the Clarke Belt or
Geostationary orbit. If the radius of the earth is 4000 miles and assume
g = 32.2 fps, determine the length of the Geostationary orbit.

Solution:
C = 2R
R = 2248 + 4000 = 26248
C = 2(26248) = 164921

Problem 64 Mathematics (Algebra)
The revenue R from selling x number of computer boards is given as R =
60x and the cost C of producing them is given by C = 50x + 5000. Find
how many boards must be sold to break-even and how much money is
needed to produce the breakeven number of boards.

Solution:
60x = 50x + 5000 C = 50(500) + 5000
x = 500 C = 30,000

Problem 65 Mathematics (Algebra)
During the 2016 Major League Baseball season, the number of wins for
the Toronto Blue Jays, the New York Yankees and the Milwaukee
Brewers were three consecutive integers. Of these 3 teams, the Yankees
had the most wins and the Brewers has the least wins. The total number
of wins by these 3 teams was 249. How many wins did the Yankees have
in the 2016 season?

Solution:
Brewers = x Toronto Jays = x + 1 Yankees = x + 2
x + x +1 + x + 2 = 249
3x = 246
x = 82
No. of wins for the Yankees = 82 + 2 = 84

Problem 66 Mathematics (Algebra)
A serving of yogurt contains 120 calories, 21 grams of carbohydrates and
5 grams of protein. How much fat is provided by this serving of yogurt?

Solution:
C = 4h + 9f + 4p
120 = 4(21) + 9f + 4(5)
f = 1.78 grams

Problem 67 Mathematics (Algebra)
A local coffee shop (Bos Coffee) is serving raisins which contains 130
calories and 31 grams of carbohydrates. If the raisins are fat-free food,
how much protein is provided by this serving of raisins?
Solution:
C = 4h + 9f + 4p
130 = 4(31) + 0 + 4p
p = 1.5 grams

Problem 68 Mathematics (Algebra)
Christian de Angelo has scores of 68, 65, 75 and 78 on his algebra test.
Use a compound in equality to find the scores he can make on his final
exam to receive a C in the course. The final exam counts and a C is
received if the final course average is from 70 to 79.
a) 67 final score 94 c) 71 final score 93
b) 69 final score 90 d) 72 final score 92

Problem 69 Mathematics (Algebra)
Carol Trump would like to pay cash for a car when she graduates from
college and estimates that she can afford a car that costs between \$4000
and \$8000. She has saved \$500 so far and plans to earn the rest of the
money by working the next two summers. If Carol plans to the same
amount each summer, use a compound inequality to find the range of
money she must save each summer to buy the car.
a) \$1750 \$3750 c) 1950 \$3650
b) \$1850 \$3870 d) 1650 \$3560

Problem 70 Mathematics (Algebra)
A car rental company charges \$19.95 per day for a compact car plus 12
cents per mile for every mile over 100 miles driven each day. If Mr. Okada
bill for 2 days use is \$46.86, find how many miles he drove.

Solution:
[19.95 + 0.12(x 100)] 2 = 46.86
7.95 + 0.12x = 23.43
x = 129 miles/day
No. of miles he drove = 129(2) = 258

## Problem 71 Mathematics (Algebra)

The Las Vegas area was hit hard after the housing crash in 2009. In the
fourth quarter of 2009, there were 15,710 home sales, and in the fourth
quarter of 2014, there were 12,680 home sales. Predict the number of
home sales in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Solution:
y = mx + b
x y 15710 = m(2009) + b
2009 15710 15710 = 2009m + b
2014 12680 12680 = 2014m + b
2020 ? 15710 = 2009m + b
- 3030 = + 5 m
m = - 606
15710 = - 606(2009) + b

b = 1233164

y = - 606(2020) + 1233164
y = 9044 homes
Problem 72 Mathematics (Algebra)
The Whammo Co. has learned that by pricing a newly released Frisbee at \$6, sales will
reach 2000 per day. Raising the price to \$8 will cause the sales to fall to 1500 per day.
Assume that the ratio of change in price to charge in daily sales is constant and let x be the
price of the Frisbee and y the number of sales, estimate the daily sales of Frisbees if the
price is set at \$7.50.

Solution:
x y y = mx + b
6 2000 2000 = 6x + b
8 1500 1500 = 8x + b
7.50 ? 500 = - 2x
x = - 250
1500 = 8(- 250) + b
b = 3500

y = mx + b
y = - 250(7.5) + 3500
y = 1625

Problem 73 Mathematics (Algebra)
The number of McDonals restaurants worldwide in 2014 was 36,258. In 2009, there were
32,478 McDonalds restaurant worldwide. Let y be the number of McDonald restaurants in
the year x, where x = 0 represents in the year x, where x = 0 represents the year 2009.
Determine the number of McDonalds restaurants worldwide in 2018.

Solution:
x y y = mx + b
0 32478 32478 = m(0) + b
5 36528 b = 32478
9 ? 36258 = m(5) + + 32478
m = 756
y = mx + b
y = 756(9) + 32478
y = 39282

Problem 74 Mathematics (Algebra)
The amount of U.S. Federal Govt. income y (in trillions of dollars) for fiscal year x
from 2012 to 2015, (x = 0 represents 2012) can be modeled by the linear equation
y = 0.36x + 5.04. The amount of U.S. Federal Govt. expenditures y (in trillions of
dollars) for the same period can be modeled by y = 0.03x + 6.03. Based on the
data from the U.S. Dept. of Treasury, in what year will the expenditures will be
equal to the income?

Solution:
y = 0.03x + 6.03 (expenditures)
y = 0.36x + 5.04 (income)
0.03x + 6.03 = 0.36x + 5.04
0.33x = 0.99
x = 3 years
They will be equal in 2012 + 3 = 2015

Problem 75 Mathematics (Algebra)
Find the equation y = ax2 + bx + c if it has ordered pair solutions (1, 6), (-1, -2) and
(0, 1), respectively.

Solution:
6 = a(1)2 + b(1) + c
- 2 = a(-1)2 b + c
-1=0+0+c
Solve for a = 3
y = 3x2 + 4x - 1

Problem 76 Mathematics (Algebra)
Keith Robinson is a chemistry teacher who needs 1 liter of a solution of 5% hydrocloric acid
(HCl) to carry out an experiment. If he only has a stock solution of 99% HCl, how much water
0% acid must be mixed to get 1 liter of 5% solution?

Solution:
0% 99% 5%
x y = x+y
x+y=1
0(x) + 99y = 5(1)
y = 0.05
x = 1 - 0.05
x = 0.95 liter of water

Problem 77 Mathematics (Algebra)
During the 2013-2014 regular NBA season, the top-scoring player was Kevin Durant of the
Oklahama City Thunder. Durant scored a total of 2593 points during the regular season. The
number of free throws (each worth one point) he made was 127 more than 3 times the
number of three point field goals he made. The number of 2 points field goals he made was
46 less than the number of free throws he made. How many three-point field goals did Kevin
Durant make during the 2013-2014 NBA season?

Solution:
x = no. of free throws
y = no. of 2-point field goals
z = no. of 3-point field goals

## x = 127 + 3z (127 + 3z) + 2(x - 46) + 3z = 2593

y = x 46 35 + 6z + 2x = 2593
x + 2y + 3z = 2593 35 + 6z + 2(127 + 3z) = 2593
12z + 289 = 2593
z = 192

Problem 78 Mathematics (Algebra)
Rabbits in a lab are to be kept on a strict daily deit that includes 30 grams
of protein, 16 grams of fat and 24 grams of carbohydrates. The scientist
has only three food mixes available with the following grams of nutrients
per unit.

## Mixture Protein Fat Carbohydrates

Mix A 4 6 3
Mix B 6 1 2
Mix C 4 1 12

How many units of mix B are needed daily to meet each rabbits deitary
need?

Solution:
4A + 6B + 4C = 30
6A + B + C = 16
3A + 2B + 12C = 24
Solve for B = 3

Problem 79 Mathematics (Algebra)
Gerry Gundersen mixes different solutions with concentrations of 25%, 40% and
50% to get 200 liters of a 32% solution. If he uses twice as much of the 25%
solution as of the 40% solution, find how many liters of 40% solution he uses.

Solution:
25% 40% 50% 32%
+ + =
x y z 200
x = 2y
x
y=
2
y = 0.5
x + 0.5x + z = 200
1.5x + z = 200
0.25x + 0.40y + 0.50z = 0.32(200)

## 0.25x + 0.40y + 0.50z = 0.32(200)

0.25x + 0.40(0.5x) + 0.50z = 64
0.45x + 0.50z = 64
1.5x + z = 200
0.75x + 0.50z = 100
0.45x + 0.50z = 64
0.30x = 36
x = 120
x
y=
2
120
y= = 60 liters
2

Problem 80 Mathematics (Algebra)
The revenue equation for a Samsonite backpack is y = 32x where x is the
number of backpacks sold and y is the income in dollars for selling x
backpacks. The cost equation for these units is y = 15x + 25500, where x
is the number of backpacks manufactured and y is the cost in dollars for
manufacturing x backpacks. Find the number of units to be sold for the
company to break even.

Solution:
y = 32x
y = 15x + 2550
32x = 15x + 2550
x = 1500

Problem 81 Mathematics (Algebra)
An F-100 plane and a Toyota truck leave the same town at sunrise and
head for a town 450 miles. The speed of the plane is three times the
speed of the truck and the plane arrives 6 hours ahead of the truck. Find
the speed of the truck.

Solution:
450 450 3V
= -6 V
3V V
450 = 450(3) - 3V(6)
450 miles

V = 50 mph