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Active and passive voice exercise

Steps in changing active to passive voice


Step 1. Exchange subject and object position, add by to the object in passive voice
1. He made a papercraft.
A papercraft ..by him.
2. They will take the package tomorrow.
The package . by them tomorrow.
3. Fido is repairing my bicycle right now.
My bicycle by Fido right now.
4. Carla has grown some tomatoes in the back yard.
Some tomatoes . by Carla in the back yard.
Step 2. Identify the main verb (the verb at the most right hand position) and change into be+V3 the remaining stay
the same close to the subject. Match with the subject agreement if necessary.
1. He made a papercraft.
A papercraft (be+V3) by him.
2. They will take the package tomorrow.
The package will (be+V3) by them tomorrow.
3. Fido is repairing my bicycle right now.
My bicycle is (be+V3)by Fido right now.
4. Carla has grown some tomatoes in the back yard.
Some tomatoes have (be+V3) by Carla in the back yard. subject agreement tomatoes and have not
has
Step 3. The be form must match with the main verb form.
V-base V1 V2 V3 V-ing Infinitive
Is was
be am been being to be
are were
1. He made a papercraft. (V 2)
A papercraft was +V3 by him.
2. They will take the package tomorrow.(V base)
The package will be +V3 by them tomorrow.
3. Fido is repairing my bicycle right now.(V-ing)
My bicycle is being +V3 by Fido right now.
4. Carla has grown some tomatoes in the back yard.(V-3)
Some tomatoes have been +V3 by Carla in the back yard.
Step 4. Add V 3 of the main verb
1. He made a papercraft. (V 2)
A papercraft was made by him.
2. They will take the package tomorrow.(V base)
The package will be taken by them tomorrow.
3. Fido is repairing my bicycle right now.(V-ing)
My bicycle is being repaired by Fido right now.
4. Carla has grown some tomatoes in the back yard.(V-3)
Some tomatoes have been grown by Carla in the back yard.
A. Complete the following sentences using appropriate active or passive verb forms. Choose your answers from the
given options.
1. The problem . to the children. (explained / was explained)
2. Those pyramids . around 400 AD. (built / were built)
3. All the trouble .. by your mother. (has caused / was caused)
4. The visitors . (were shown / have shown) a collection of old manuscripts.
5. I . him ten thousand pounds last year. (lend / lent / was lent)
6. She of spiders. (frightened / is frightened)
7. That picture . by my grandmother. (painted / was painted)
8. I .. by his attitude. (shocked / have shocked / was shocked)
9. Excuse the mess. The house (is painting / is being painted / has painted)
10. I knew why I . (had chosen / had been chosen)

B. Change the following active sentences into passive voice.


1. I did not beat her.
2. I will never forget this experience.
3. Mother made a cake yesterday.
4. The boy teased the girl.
5. Did she do her duty?
6. The tiger was chasing the deer.
7. She has written a novel.
8. She has learned her lessons.
9. Have you finished the report?
10. The police have caught the thief.
11. My brother has completed the work.
12. Somebody stole my pen yesterday.
13. Our team may win the match.
14. Nurses look after patients.