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https://www.mdbg.

net/
http://romajidesu.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_classifiers
///// characters
tones: sa(s),saa(sa),s(s),s(s),s(s) sa0,sa1,sa2,sa3,sa4 0
consonants:
m,n,l,r,w m,n,l,r,w
f,h f,h
b,p b,p
g,k k,kh
d,t t,th
j,q,x dZ,tS,S
z,c,s dz,ts,s
zh,ch,sh dzr,tsr,sr
a,o,e,i a,o,,i
vowels:
a final a,an,ang,ai,ao
o/e final o,e,en,eng,ei,ou,ong,er
u final u,ua,uo,uai,ui,uan,un,uang,ueng
i final i,ia,iao,ie,iu,ian,in,iang,ing,iong
u: final u:,u:e,u:an,u:n
three vowels,two vowels and one consonant second vowel (tone)
two vowels,first vowel(u,i) second vowel
two vowels,first vowel(o,a,e) first vowel(tone)
ju:,qu:,xu:(reading) ju,qu,xu(writing)
first vowel(u:,i) yi,yu
first vowel(u) w
chaaoj sh chng chaosh
goonggng qchee gongche
feeijiichng jichng
b + di b + di
hn + ho hn + ho
yii + gng y + gng
qii + kua q + kua
baa + be b + be
yii + zhaang y + zhang
yii + tia y + tia
yii + wn y + wn
first syllable(meaningful) + second syllable(meaningless) first syllable + second
syllable(toneless)
ti + ti ti + ti
d + d d + d
hi + z hi + z
l + to l + to
yii + f yi + f
sh + qng sh + qng
first syllable(meaningful) + second syllable(meaningful) first syllable + second
syllable( toned)
xeqii xeqi
zof zof
knwn knwn
////// suffixes
up shng
down xa
in l
out wi
middle zhong
study xe
grow sheng
produce chu
open ko
print bn
school xia
head zhng
chart t
part pan
earth d
book shu
place gun
rice fn
no meaning z/zi
no meaning to,man,bian
no meaning l
////// words
// direction
east,west,south,north dong,x,nn,be + bian
// time
yesterday/today/tomorrow zo/jin/mng + tian
// number
number: one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,hundred,thousand,ten
thousand,hundred million yi,r/lang
(category),san,s,w,lu,qi,ba,ju,sh,bi,qian,wn,y
ordinary number,odd number,even number,point,half d + number,dan ho,shuang
ho,dan,bn
// wh-question
who/whom,what,which,where,when,why,how,how much

she,shnme,ng,nl/nr,shnmshho,weshnm/shnmlyo/pngshnm/h,znm,do
usho
// determiner
this,these,that,those,which,that/of,this place,that place,self n,ni/n
xie,zh,zhi/zh xie,n,d,zhl,nl,zj
// classifier
book,person,kind,tree,statue,item,sheet,film,cup,weight,value,bowl,loaf,bottle,pot,
piece,bunch,shoe,dollar,dime,cent,day,year,age,time,money

bn,ge/we,zhng,zhu/ke,zun,yng,zhang,b,bei,jin,mo,wn,tia,png,h,kua,sh,shu
ang,kua,mo,fen,tian,nan,si,zhong,qan
// headword
// introduction
hello,bye,excuse,well,yes,nothing,not important,pity we/we,bibi/zijan/ba
ba,mfn/dibq/boqan,nm/ho/xng,ngng,mesh,me guanx/b yojn,zhen kxi
// name
Mr/Mrs/Miss xianshng,furn,n:sh
L,Vng,Trng,L,Trn,Dng,Hong,Chu,V,H,Cao,M
L,Wng,Zhang,Lu,Chn,Yng,Hung,Zhou,W,H,Gao,M
// place
state,country,city,village,town,section,district,alley,lane,neighborhood,street,roa
d,number zhou,xan,sh,xiang,zhn,dun,qu,xang/htng,lng,l,jie,l,ho
bookstore,parking lot,company,shop,city,school,park,th vin shudan,tngche
chng,gongzo,dongx,chngsh,xexia,gongyun,tshugun
// machines
tivi,computer,fax,movie,phone dansh,danno,danchun,danyng,danha
// vehicles
bicycle,motor,tractor,jeep,bus,train,airplane
zxngche,danji,tuolaji,gonggng,jpche,qche,huche,feiji
// animal
dog,cat,lion,tiger,chicken,duck,bird,sheep,goat,cow,horse,dolphin,mosquitoe,ant,bee
,butterfly,dragonfly

gu,mo,shzi,loh,j,y,nio,yng,shnyng,ni,m,hitn,wnzi,my,mfng,hdi
// persons
brother,sister xiong/d,z/me
father,mother,brother,sister,grandfather,grandmother,uncle,aunt,cousin,mother in
law

fqn/bb,mqin/mam,geg/dd,jeje/meme,ey/wigong,nini/wip,shush,juj
u,gug/ay,ttngge/tngd/tngje/tngme/biage/biad/biaje/biame,pp
comrade,child,student,fellow,girl,boy,fellow,friend
tngzh,haz,xeshng,tngxe,n:hi,nnhi,huz,pngyo
scientist,writer,artist,musician,reporter,accountant,farmer,worker,dentist,fireman,
carpenter,plumber,chemist,electrician,owner,vendor kexejia,zuzh,hajia,yinye
jia,jzh,kaj,nngmn,gongrn,yyi,juhoyun,mjang,shigong,hagong,dagong,y
zh,xaofn
doctor,nurse,master,teacher,professor,lawyer,judge,chairperson,principal,police
officer,receptionist,secretary,secretary
general,director,driver,ambassador,president,manager,general manager,doctor of
philosophy,old,young

yisheng/dif,hsh,shif,liashi,jiasho,l:shi,fguan,zhx,xiazhng,jngch,go
ngguan,mshu,mshuzhng,zhrn,siji,dsh,zngtng,jingl,zngjingl,bsh,lo,xia
// jobs
accounting,anthropology,art,biology,chemistry,computer
science,geography,geology,economics,history,math,medicine,music,philosophy,physics,
politics,psychology,religion,sociology,theater,linguistics kaj xe,rnle
xe,rnwn xe,shengw xe,ha xe,zixn,dl xe,dzh xe,jingj
xe,lsh,shxe,yi xe,yinye xe,zh xe,w l xe,zhngzh xe,xinl
xe,zongjia xe,shhi xe,xj xe,y yn xe
// thing
thing guanx/qjan
//////////////
wish shn sng/zh/jng zh,jng sng,jng qng,c sng,chun an,xa an,qiu
an,q,jia q,xin x,do an,jun an,wn an,sho,jng shng,bi shng,bi q,zi
bi,jn q,jn bng
congratulate gongx,zhh,qngzh,hoy,jyn,dj,zh,kual,huanyng
thank xexe,duoxe
booming business,abundant wealth,promissing future,bright future,boundless
prospects,100 year,south mountain,east ocean shengyi xing lng,ciyun
moshng,pngchng wnl,qant guangmng,qant wlang,bi si,nnshan,dong hi
great business,wedding anniversary,new wedding,new business,graduation,be
rich,happy year,happy christmas,grow old,happy birthday kaizhang dj,jehun
jnnan,xin hun,kai e,be danl,fa ci,xin nan kual,shngdn kual,bito
xelo,shengr kual
invite,person,type,place,time

yaoqng/qngte/jngyue/jngyao/chngyao/gongqng/guangln/gongqngguangln/chngs
ng,tiq/zh,jxng/canjia,zi/ddan,jndng y/shjian
/////// verb
be sh(stative-noun)
be zi(stative-location)
be (stative-adj)
have yo(stative)
not me(yo),b/be(sh/zi/action)
can hi/nng/ky
must bxu/bde,de
should yinggai,gai,yingdang,b
being done by you + ta
don't let b yo be,be be
want xiwng,yo,pnwng,qiwng,xuya,de,nngk,pian i,yunyi
know zhido,rnsh,hi
look kn
say shou
think xang,shou,jed,rnwe,ywe
ask wn
teach jia,zhjia
scare xa,kp
satisfaction,sorrow,surprise,agreement ha,hi,a///ai/aya/o/,
question,obvious,exclamation,suggestion m,/l,l,b
name xng/gi xng/jiao/mng z
care bazhng
di wear
find zho
come li
/////// adjective
polite kq
afraid kngp/p,ps,hip,kngj,jnzhang,zhojdanxin
sore tng
/////// adverb
rarely,often,always hnsho,jingchng,zngsh
recently,already,simultaneously,definitely,perhaps zujn, yjing, tngsh,
judu, yx
all dou,qun,shuang,me,rnrn,e,bng/ry
sh d that is
rather/quite,especially,extremely
bjia/xiangdang,tbe/yoq,hn/bdlao/zhen/feichng/jq/ti
only,about,more,fewer,more and more,the more,most,more times, fewer times
ju/zh/ci,zoyo/chbduo,yshng/zhishng/duo/gng/hi/b,yxa/zhixa/me
yo,ye li ye,ye,zi,be,zh
and,or h/gen/tng/y/e/dou/hi/yo,yobrn/brn/foz/hish/huzh
from,to,at/in,with,along,opposite

cng/zcng/l/gen/xang/yo,do/wng/jn/cho/di/xang/ge,zi/y,gen,yn,cho/da
ng/zh
for,by,concerning,because,therefore,if,except for,even
ge/we/t,be/jia/rng/ge,guany/genj/diy/zhy,yinwe/yo
y/wel,soy/yinr,yosh/rgo/jar/jash/tngro/tngsh/z/zhyo/chfei,ch
l/ywi,lan
up/on,down/under,in/within/during,out,behind/after/back,front/before/next,besides
shng,xa,l/zhong/ne,wi,ho,qan,png + y/zhi/man/bo
///// grammar
sentence subject + verb + object, object + verb + subject
sentence adverb phrase + noun phrase(subject) + time phrase + location phrase
(big to small) + negation + verb + noun phrase (direct object) + noun
phrase(indirect object) + duration phrase + type
modifier noun phrase/clause
noun phrase modifier + d + main noun phrase, main noun phrase + modifier
main noun phrase determiner(n,zh) + number(y,san) + category (bn,g) + head
word
(shu,rn)
adverb phrase adverb + noun phrase, noun phrase + adverb
adjective phrase adverb + adjective,adjective d adverb
type_past go
type_future yo/ju/kua
type_progressive zhng/zi/zhngzi,n
type_perfect l
question wh-subject + verb,subject + verb + wh-object
/////// sentences
// number
perfectly clearly yi qing r ch
no good b san b s
disorganized lun qi ba zao
unsettled qi shng ba xa
w i n w r lng
w xang n w san lng
s s
w w
lu lu
ba fa
first d yi
ninetyfifth d jushw
two times more r be
three times fewer san zh
66/100 bi fen zhi lushlu
30.25 sansh dan rshw
$48.96 sshba kua ju mo lu
15/2/1998 8 pm yesterday yi ju ju ba nan r ye shw r,zutian wnshng
ba dan
seventeen shqi
sixtyone lushyi
// others
he gave me one book ta ge w yi bn shu
i look those books w kn n xie shu
he and his girlfriend eat dinner everyday ta gn ta de n: pngyo metian chi
wnfn
i eat at home w zi jia chi fn
1 Janggo Road Choyng District Bejing Zhonggo Zhonggo Bejing,Choyng
qu,Jango djie,yi ho
yesterday i was not very comfortable zutian w b ti shuf
today it is already not problem jintian ta yjng me sh wnt
i lived in china three years w zi zhonggo zh l san nan
i slept eight hours yesterday evening w zutian wnshng shi ba g zhongto
that very interesting book n bn hn yo ys d shu
who do you like n xhuan she
do you like him n xhuan ta ma
cat eat fish mao chi y
he studies chinese ta xe Zhongwn
today we listen to a report by teacher Ma wmn ting M loshi zo bogo
you certainly should take good care of yourself n zi zhonggo yidng de b zj
zhog ho
noone doesn't like himself mi yo rn b xhun zj
i hope they get married,but i myself don't like to marry w xiwng tamn
jehun,ksh w zj b xang jehun
this is my affair,you need not be concerned zh sh w d sh,n b yng gun
Taiwan of green hills and clear streams shanqing shixu de Tiwan
price increases one more times jag zengjia yi bi
this book is one times more expensive than it was last yearzh bn shu sh b q
nan gi yi be
my books are as two times many as your books w d shu sh n d shu langbe
do you discount d zh m/yo zh ma
these three books are all very expensive zh xie san bn shu dou hn gi
i very like this kind of music w xhun zh zhng yinye
that person is very intelligent n g rn sh hn congmng
i want to watch that movie w yo kn n g danyng
where is the bookstore nr yo shudan
the person coming li d rn
the chinese movies have just come out that we saw yesterday evening wmen
zotian wngshng kn de gang chuli d zhonggo d danyng
those two very smart exchange students that you introduced me n ge w jesho
d n lang g d hn congmng d luxesheng
that very tall person who wears glasses di ynjng d ng hn gao d rn
this is food cooked by whom zh sh she zo de ci
this is cooked by Prof.Ma zh sh M loshi zo
i especially like red cooked w tbe xhun hngshao
which book do you want to buy n yo mi n ben shu?
i am very good w hn ho,w ho d hn
///////////////////////////////
have take and have give yo li yo wng
have take without give is ill-mannered yo li w wng fei l e
let's go to drink a cup of coffee Wmn q he yi bei kafei ba
we all respect him a lot w duo hn zunjng ta
he especially needs your support ta tbe xuya n de zhich
i am really afraid of this kind of person w zhn p zh zhong d rn
she has a lot of money ta hn yo qan
she is not a university student ta b sh dxeshng
behind the house there is a small lake fngz hoto yo yi g xia h
there are a lot of people waiting in line nr yo hn duo rn pi di
the library is not at the north of the park tshugun b zi gongyun de
bebian
he eats at home ta zi jia chi fn
tomorrow,it may rain mngtian ta hi xa y
he eats at home every evening ta metian wngshng zi jia chi fn
they play in the park every day tamen metian zi gongyun wn
i come to find you at 2 o'clock w zi lang dan zhong li zho n
i am xiao li w sh xia l
who are you n sh she
i like to eat chinese food w xhun zhonggo ci
which food do you like to eat n xhun chi shnm ci?
which phone do you use n yng shnm shoji
i use iphone phone w yng iphone shoji
who wants to drink coffee she xiang he kafei
what did he say to you ta di n shuo l shnm
he always looks to the outside ta yizh xang wiman kn
she gave me this sweater ta ge w zh jan moyi l
she bought this sweater for me ta ge w mi zh jan moyi l
he chats with friends ta gen pngyo liatian
you are polite to guests n di krn hn kq
we serve the people wmn we rnmn fw
the books are at on the table shu zi zhuoz d shng
i sleep at home w zi jia shiwjia
the person i am familiar with w gen ta sho de ne grn
ne grn w gen ta sho
i with not familiar of the person w gen b sho d ne g rn
i new year before go home w xinnan yqan hi jia
he with you and with me equally bizarre ta di n gen di w yiyng qgua
he with you and with me more bizarre ta di n b di w gng qgua
on lies a cat of that car shng pazh/ mao de /n lang qche
that car on lies a cat n lang qche /shng pazh/ mao
serveral months ago, he went to ShangHai j g ye yqan, ta q Shnghi l
he serveral months ago went to ShangHai ta j g ye yqan q Shnghi l
/////// outline
/////// reading
tn ngng
Bt c khi no ti nghe thy ting nhc u su Mi dng w tngjin yuy de
yuzhng
Mi khi anh nghe thy
Mang li nhng k nim ca cc chn thng gu q huy de shng
Bt c khi no ti nhn thy nh trng trng mi dng w knjin bis de
yugung
Hy suy ngh v khun mt ca bn xingq n de linpng
Bit rng khng nn ngh ngh mngzh b gi q xing bnng q xing
suy ngh ng cm mt pin yu xingdo mwng
Ai lm cho ti bun? sh shu rng w xnsun?
Ai ti ang lo lng v Shu rng w qingu
bn ah sh n a
Ti bit nhng li ni khng nn nhn c w zhdo nxi b gi shu dehu
Hy bn i lc n rng n fq lilng
Bn mun bit nhiu nm thi gian tri xing zhdo dunin piof de shgung
Bn c nh nh shfu n y xing ji
Nu lc bn phi gi n hn ca bn rgu dngsh wn n dngsh bo n
C l kt qu kh c th ni yx jij nn jing
Ti c rt nhiu hi tic w nme du yhn
V vy, nhiu hy vng nme du q pn
Bn c bit? n zhdo ma?
Ti yu bn W i n
iu r rng hn cch mnh c tin sh dume du qngchu dume jing de xnyng
Lm th no m v lm th no cc lc lng dng cm. sh dume wnnun dume
ynggn de lling.
Ti khng quan tm tri tim b tn thng nhiu hn W bgun xn du shng
Cho d tnh yu hong lon bgun i du hung
Khng c vn lm th no nhng ngi khc ngh. bgun birn znme xing.
Tnh yu l mt nim tin, i sh y zhng xnyng,
a chng ti n bn bn. b w di do n shn png.
Ti bit nhng li ni khng nn nhn c W zhdo nxi b gi shu dehu
Hy bn i lc n rng n fq lilng
Bn mun bit nhiu nm thi gian tri xing zhdo dunin piof de shgung
Bn c nh nh shfu n y xing ji
Nu lc bn phi gi n hn ca bn rgu dngsh wn n dngsh bo n
C l kt qu kh c th ni yx jij nn jing
Ti c rt nhiu hi tic w nme du yhn
V vy, nhiu hy vng nme du q pn
Bn c bit? n zhdo ma?
Ti yu bn W i n
iu r rng hn cch mnh c tin sh dume du qngchu dume jing de xnyng
Ti yu bn w i n
Lm th no m v lm th no cc lc lng dng cm. sh dume wnnun dume
ynggn de lling.
Ti khng quan tm tri tim b tn thng nhiu hn W bgun xn du shng
Cho d tnh yu hong lon bgun i du hung
Khng c vn lm th no nhng ngi khc ngh. bgun birn znme xing.
Tnh yu l mt nim tin, i sh y zhng xnyng,
a chng ti n bn bn. b w di do n shn png.
Ti yu bn W i n
ng l trung thnh vi nim tin tnh yu trung thnh ca mnh. sh zhngy zj
zhngy iqng de xnyng.
Ti yu bn W i n
Ngun in c ly t linh hn ca cuc sng. sh liz lnghn liz shngmng
de lling.
nhng ni xa xi, Zi yoyun d dfng,
Cng ging nh nu bn nghe thy ting ku ca ti. n shfu yyng tngjin w
de hhn.
Tnh yu l mt nim tin, i sh y zhng xnyng,
a chng ti n bn bn. b w di do n shn png.
Tnh yu l mt nim tin, i sh y zhng xnyng,
a bn tr v bn cnh ti. b n di hu w de shn png.
2.
the burning ///go ho
You promise too much Shfu du n chngnule ti du
I'm still not enough for hish w yunbn gi de ji bgu
You always have ten million kinds of reasons n shzhng yu qin wn zhng
lyu
I always follow your feelings w yzh du gnsu n de gnshu
Make you crazy for you to enjoy rng n fng rng n q fngzng
Do you think one day will be moved ywi n yu tin hu gndng
Rumors about me indifferent gunw liyn w zhung zu w dng w zhng
Until all of the dream has been broken zhdo suyu de mng y psu
Only tears and regrets see your ci knjin n de ynli h huhu
I wish I could give you a chance w sh du xing zi gi n jhu
The people you really love to ask more du xing wn n jijng i shu
Since love is difficult to distinguish between right and wrong jrn i nn fn
shfi
Not escape the brave ji bi tob ynggn min du
To his heart gile t de xn
You can return to duty n shfu nnggu yo d hu
How the heart to blame you make a mistake znme rnxn gui n fnle cu
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
Make you more lonely rng n gng jm
Will fall into the whirlpool of emotions ci hu xinr gnqng xunw
Will fall into the whirlpool of emotions ci hu xinr gnqng xunw
How to let your heart be affected znme rnxn rng n shu zhm
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
If you want to fly rgu n xing fi
My back pain shng tng w bi
You promise too much shfu du n chngnule ti du
I'm still not enough for hish w yunbn gi de ji bgu
You always have ten million kinds of reasons n shzhng yu qin wn zhng
lyu
I always follow your feelings w yzh du gnsu n de gnshu
Make you crazy for you to enjoy rng n fng rng n q fngzng
Do you think one day will be moved ywi n yu tin hu gndng
Rumors about me indifferent gunw liyn w zhung zu w dng w zhng
Until all of the dream has been broken zhdo suyu de mng y psu
Only tears and regrets see your ci knjin n de ynli h huhu
I wish I could give you a chance w sh du xing zi gi n jhu
The people you really love to ask more du xing wn n jijng i shu
Since love is difficult to distinguish between right and wrong jrn i nn fn
shfi
Not escape the brave ji bi tob ynggn min du
To his heart gile t de xn
You can return to duty n shfu nnggu yo d hu
How the heart to blame you make a mistake znme rnxn gui n fnle cu
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
Make you more lonely rng n gng jm
Will fall into the whirlpool of emotions ci hu xinr gnqng xunw
How to let your heart be affected znme rnxn rng n shu zhm
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
If you want to fly rgu n xing fi
My back pain shng tng w bi
How the heart to blame you make a mistake znme rnxn gui n fnle cu
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
Make you more lonely rng n gng jm
Will fall into the whirlpool of emotions ci hu xinr gnqng xun w
How to let your heart be affected znme rnxn rng n shu zhm
I gave you freedom after a fire sh w gi n zyugule hu
If you want to fly rgu n xing fi
love you no wrong ///i n me co
Love ... Affordable full of temptations i sh fo chong mn yo ho
Does that give us becomes calm sh fo rng rn chn m
Is it hidden in a small corner of the heart sh fo cng zi xin d mo g jia
lo
*** You ... do not say it w b gn lun shuo chu ko
*** Do not touch the cottage easily Bu Guai Leng Luo ni b gn qing y ch mo
Fearing that the flowers will fall hi p hua piao lo
Fear that rain will fall hi p y zhi lo
Afraid of losing family structure (think leg by Space Structures) hi p zh
tng lo
Where have you wait for me yo rn zi dng w
When you love a person i shng yi g rn
We are not at fault w mn dou me yo co
Just as he left turn at the intersection of two different paths zhi sh zo l b
tng d yi g fn ch l ko
If from now on you can not be together holding hands r go cng c shuang sho b
nng zi h n jn jn xang w
Then please let me hug you even for a moment ju rng w zi yong bo yi mia
zhong
When you love a person i shng yi g rn
We are not sorry w mn dou me yo co
It's just that from now on you can not always go to the end of the road zhi
sh b nng yi zh ne zh n zo do zi ho
If my heart hurts r go w d xin tng
Whether on earth is anyone comprehend qun sh je me yo yi g rn dng
And you will not regret having ever love you w e b ho hi cng jing i go
Love ... Affordable full of temptations i sh fo chong mn yo ho
Does that give us becomes calm sh fo rng rn chn m
Is it hidden in a small corner of the heart sh fo cng zi xin d mo g jia
lo
*** You ... do not say it w b gn lun shuo chu ko
*** Not an easy touch b gn qing y ch mo
*** Do not blame my silence b gn gua n lng lo
Fearing that the flowers will fall hi p hua piao lo
Fear that rain will fall hi p y zhi lo
Afraid of losing family structure (think leg by Space Structures) hi p zh
tng lo
Where have you wait for me yo rn zi dng w
When you love a person i shng yi g rn
We are not at fault w mn dou me yo co
Just as he left turn at the intersection of two different paths zhi sh zo l b
tng d yi g fn ch l ko
If from now on you can not be together holding hands r go cng c shuang sho b
nng zi h n jn jn xang w
Then please let me hug you even for a moment ju rng w zi yong bo yi mia
zhong
When you love a person i shng yi g rn
We are not sorry w mn dou me yo co
It's just that from now on you can not always go to the end of the road zhi
sh b nng yi zh pi zh n zo do zi ho
If my heart hurts r go w d xin tng
Whether on earth, the one who understands the qun sh je me yo yi g rn dng
And you will not regret having ever love you wo e b ho hi cng jing i go
And you will not regret having ever love you ..... w e b ho hi cng jing i
go