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The frequency stability of cellular mobile telephone

EST REVIEWER transmitter authorized by NTC for use in the Philippines is
1. Calculate the Antenna power gain for a beamwidth of 10
A. 3.0 KHz plus or minus 2.0 ppm
B. 2.5 KHz plus or minus 2.5 ppm
A. 20 dB C. 2.6 dB
C. 5.2 KHz plus or minus 2.5 ppm
B. 26 dB D. 2.0 dB
D. 5.0 KHz plus or minus 2.0 ppm
2. Calculate the minimum length of a pair of conductors to be
12. What height must a satellite be placed above the surface of
considered a transmission line, if its operating frequency is
the earth in order for its rotation to be equal to the earths
800 MHz.
A. 37.5 mm C. 37.5 cm
A. 23,426.4 mi C. 22,426.4 mi
B. 375 mm D. 3.75 cm
B. 27,426.4 mi D. 26,426.4 mi
3. What is the purpose of the indirectly-heated cathode in a
13. Determine the wavelength of radio waves propagated using
cathode ray tube?
a frequency of 30 MHz.
A. beam modulation C. beam focusing
A. 15 meters C. 30 meters
B. beam production D. beam deflection
B. 10 meters D. 9 meters
4. The time transfer accuracy used with reference to the
14. For vertical scanning in a TV system, the field rate is _____
Universal Transmitter Mercator Grid is_____.
A. 262 and 1/2 C. 60
B. 30 D. 525
5. A transmitter operates at frequency 144 MHz. the transmitter
15. The actual data rate for terrestrial digital TV transmission to
is using (a) doubler, two tripler and a quadrupler. Calculate
allow for the addition of synchronizing and error-correction
its crystal oscillator frequency.
bit is _____.
A. 2 KHz C. 2000 MHz (2000 KHZ)
A. 32.28 Mbps C. 48 Mbps
B. 3000 KH D. 3 KHz
B. 8 Mbps D. 64 Mbps
6. Brightness of an image is known as _____.
16. According to the NTC memorandum circular, a spectrum
A. Luminance C. Reflectance
user fee of PhP10 per indoor radion station used for
B. Chrominance D. Radiance
Wireless Data Network shall be paid by the Public Telecom
Entity (PTE) with a data rate in excess of _____ Mbps.
7. The principle of data reduction which says that when
A. 0.64 C. 4.8
reducing a s.. of data into the form of an underlying mode,
B. 0.44 D. 11
one should be maximally non-committal with respect to
missing data.
17. What are the letter-number designations of carrier and one
A. Jaynes maximum entropy principle
B. Maximum entropy principle
A. J3E C. A3E
C. Kullback principle of minimum discrimination
B. H3E D. F3E
D. Minimum discrimination principle
18. What layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)
8. In a satellite system, Johannes Kepler stated that the
model handles the transmission of bits over a
square of the periodic time of orbit is proportional to the
communications channel?
cube of the mean distance between the primary and the
A. physical layer C. data link layer
satellites. This is also known as _____.
B. transport layer D. network layer
A. Keplers 3rd Law C. Keplers 2nd Law
B. Keplers 1st Law D. Keplers Law of Areas
19. Under R.A. 9292, Electronics Technicians may apply for
registration without examination within _____ years, after
9. Calculate the time delay in nanosecond introduced by a 100
the effectivity of the Republic Act.
ft coaxial cable with a dielectric constant of 2.3.
A. 7 C. 12
A. 230 C. 154
B. 10 D. 5
B. 152 D. 15.2
20. What is the effective height of a broadcast antenna if the
10. The velocity of sound is a function of _____.
voltage induced in the antenna is 2.7 volts and the
A. temperature and volume C. medium and
measured field intensity received in the antenna site is 27
B. medium and volume D. medium and velocity
A. 29.7 meters C. 72.9 meters
B. 100 meters D. 127 meters
21. The IEEE standard used for high speed wireless Ethernet 32. A third generation Wireless technology known to deliver
access known as Wi-Fis is _____. broadband data speed to mobile communication device is
A. 803.12 C. 802.116 _____.
B. 803.116 D. 801.11 A. EDGE C. WiFi
B. Bluetooth D. GPRS
22. Medium-Earth Orbit (MEO) satellite operates in the _____
frequency band. 33. Which among the IEEE standards, refers to the global
A. 2-18 GHz C. 1.2 1.66 GHz specifications of Wireless LAN?
B. 1.0 2.5 GHz D. 6 12 GHz A. 802.3 C. 802.11x
B. 802.14 D. 802.11b
23. Known as the data transfer scheme that used handshaking
principle. 34. In telecommunications, short haul connection refers to a
A. Synchronous data transfer scheme connection exceeding _____ kilometers.
B. Asynchronous data transfer scheme A. 200 C. 250
C. DMA data transfer scheme B. 150 D. 300
D. Uninterrupted data transfer scheme
35. A satellite communication system uses SPADE. The digital
24. What is the delay time for satellite transmissions from earth modulation technique used in SPADE is _____.
transmitter to earth receiver. A. QPSK C. 8 QAM
A. 5000 ms C. 500 ms B. 16 QAM D. BPSK
B. 50 ms D. 500 us
36. One of the following is NOT a system specification for third
25. The normal design limitation of a telephone loop is its value generation wireless system.
of 1 resistance Rz, the maximum value of Rloop must not A. TD/CDMA C. CDMA 2000
exceed _____. B. WCDMA D. IMT 2000
A. 5400 ohms C. 2300 ohms
B. 1300 ohms D. 2800 ohms 37. The meaning of MP3 is _____.
A. Motion Picture Production, layer 3
26. A microwave communications uses plane reflectors as B. Motion Picture Experts Group 1, Audio Player
passive repeaters. The diameter of the parabolic antenna is 3
18 ft while the effective is 310 ft. Determine the reflector C. Music Production layer 3
coupling factor. D. Music Production level 3
A. 0.76 C. 0.92
B. 0.906 D. 0.706 38. A receiver produces a noise power of 250 mW with no
signal. The output increases to 5W when the signal is
27. Calculate the approximate height of a GEO satellite using applied. Calculate the (S+N)/N power ration in dB.
Kepler law (A = 42241.0979, P = 0.9972) A. 13 C. 13.22
A. 34,416.40 Km C. 36,000 Km B. 10 D. 20
B. 35,790 Km D. 421,164 Km
39. A non-coherent light source for optical communications
28. In Satellite Communications, satellites using frequencies system.
between GHz uplink and 17-20 GHz downlink are known to A. ILD C. LED
be operating in _____ band. B. PIN Diode D. APD
A. Ka C. x
B. Ku D. v 40. One of the following is NOT classified as a Customer
Premises Equipment (CPE) by the NTC.
29. Determine the bandwidth efficiency of a 16 QAM modulator A. Automatic Teller Machine
using input rate. B. VSAT
A. 4 Mbps C. 5 Mbps C. Videophone Terminal Equipment
B. 2 Mbps D. 3 Mbps D. ISDN Terminal Equipment

30. Determine the shot noise for a diode with a forward bias of 41. Bluetooth Wireless Technology uses _____ technique to
1. A 110 KHz bandwidth. (q = 1.6x10 raised to minus 19 produce the spreading function of spectrum signals.
C) A. Hybrid Direct-sequence C. hybrid-frequency hopping
A. 0.006 uArms C. 0.004 uArms B. direct sequence D. frequency hopping
B. 0.005 uArms D. 0.007 uArms
42. Calculate the maximum theoretical data rate for one satellite
31. The relative permittivity of silicon is _____. transponder used for binary data transmissions.
A. 11.7 C. 1.18 A. 36 Mbps C. 144 Mbps
B. 1.17 D. 11.8 B. 72 Mbps D. 64 Mbps
51. A digital transmission has an error of probability of 10 raised to
43. The tunnel diode _____. minus 5 power, and is 1000 million bits long. Calculate the
A. has a tiny hole through its center to facilitate tunneling exp error rate (BER).
B. uses a high doping level to provide a narrow junction A. 500 C. 100,000
C. works by quantum tunneling exhibited by gallium B. 5 billion D. 10,000
D. is joint-contact diode with high reverse resistance 52. The best terrain between antennas is _____, which will
prevent re.. effects on the hop.
44. What is the characteristic impedance of a basic parallel-wire A. rocky C. forested
line, its diameter is 0.023 inches with spacing of 0.14 inches B. plain and flat D. water surface
apart, if it uses a dielectric material made of continuous
polyvinyl chloride? 53. Best description of a collinear and broadside antenna
A. 238.7 ohms C. 234 ohms radiation
B. 99 ohms D. 188 ohms (PVC = 3.4)(ans A. Bidirectional C. Perfect Circle
= 162.47) B. Omnidirectional D. Unidirectional

45. A transistor amplifier has a measured S/N power of 70 at its 54. The Rules and Regulation governing CATV systems in the
input 21 at its output. Determine the noise figure of the Philippines defines the specified zone of a TV broadcast
transistor. station to be the area extending ______ km from reference
A. 5.1 dB point in the community to which the station is licensed or
C. 52 dB authorized.
B. 51.2 dB A. 56 km C. 72 km
D. 5.2 dB B. 75 km D. 60 km

46. Crosstalk in telephony, refers to the unwanted coupling 55. What is the carrier frequency of an FM station with a channel
between signal paths and contribute to noise in the number 300?
telephone receiver. Calculate crosstalk coupling loss in dBx A. 101.1 MHz
(one unit of crosstalk in dB above reference coupling) if the C. 107.9 MHz
crosstalk coupling is 20 dBx. B. 107.5 MHz
A. 60 D. 99.5 MHz
C. 80
B. 70 56. The velocity of sound in dry air medium is 331.45 m/s.
D. 90 Calculate the velocity if there is an increase of temperature
equal to 10 degrees Centigrade.
47. The critical maximum value of the external incident angle for A. 341.52 m/s
which light will propagate in the fiber is known as __________. C. 332.52 m/s
A. acceptance angle B. 337.52 m/s
B. critical angle D. 332 m/s
C. internal incident angle
D. critical internal incident angle 57. The input current in a matched transmission line is 50 mA
while the current is 2 mA. The line is 1 mile long. Calculate
48. For an 8 PSK modulation with an input data rate equal to 10 the attenuation coefficient in dB per meters.
MHz, carrier frequency of 70 MHz, determine the bit rate in A. 0.01738 C. 0.00279
the hi-ph channel. B. 0.002 D. 27.96
A. 5 Mbps C. 3.33 Mbps
B. 20 Mbps D. 10 Mbps 58. Determine the maximum quantization error for an 8-bit linear
sign-magnitude PCM code for a maximum decoded voltage
49. In data communications, network, coaxial cable RG 11 used of 1.27 Vp.
for type of application? A. 0.05 V C. 0.005 V
A. IBM 3270 computer terminals B. 0.001 V D. 0.01 V
B. Thick Ethernet
C. Cable TV Systems 59. One of the following statements is false, regarding making
D. Thin Ethernet the.. (IL?) very high.
A. the image rejection will be very good.
50. Calculate the peak envelope power of a single sideband B. There is no need to make the local oscillator
(SSB) transmitter that produces a peak-to-peak voltage of extremely stable.
240 volts across a 100 ohms antenna load. C. Tracking will be greatly improved.
A. 144 W C. 72 W D. The selectivity will be poor.
B. 120 W D. 24 W
60. Another name used for optical density is ______.
A. light density
C. light flux
B. flux density 69. What is the cut-off frequency of a rectangular waveguide that
D. radiant flux has width of 0.6 m and a height of 0.36 m?
A. 0.9845 GHz
61. The hue 180 degrees out of phase with red is _______. C. 9.8425 MHz
A. cyan B. 9842.5 KHz
C. blue D. 9842.5 MHz
B. green
D. yellow 70. For an earth station transmitter with an output power of 10
kW, a back-off loss of 3 dB, a total branching and feeder
62. The composite video signal of TV is composed of the loss of 4 dB, transmit antenna gain of 40 dB, determine the
following s EIRP.
A. camera signal with blanking pulses A. 73 dBW C. 44 dBW
B. camera signal with blanking and sync B. 37 dBW D. 70 dBW
C. blanking signal, horizontal and vertical
synchronizing signal 71. At 0 degree elevation, a geostationary satellite can cover a
D. camera signal, horizontal and vertical maximum of ______ percent of the earths surface.
synchronizing signal A. 66
C. 46
63. In analog CMTS (AMPS), the narrowband control channel B. 42.5
using 395 voice channels is channel ________. D. 33.33
A. 12
C. 25 72. What is the common up-converter and down-converter IF?
B. 30 A. 36 MHz C. 70 MHz
D. 21 B. 40 MHz D. 500 MHz

64. A frequency modulation system requires a signal-to-noise ratio 73. Luminance signals are adjusted to match the brightness
at the detector output. The modulating frequency is 2 kHz sensation of human vision for color television. Thus is
and deviation is 50 kHz. Determine the required minimum _______.
S/N at the input. A. 29% red, 59% green, and 12% blue
A. 120 dB C. 80 dB B. 30% red, 59% green, and 11% blue
B. 25 dB D. 83.3 dB C. 29% red, 60% green, and 11% blue
D. 30% red, 58% green, and 12% blue
65. Which of the following is contained in a fiber optic transmitter?
A. an output circuit 74. The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC),
B. light detector requires manual installation of Navigational Satellite Aids
C. fiber-to-detector connector Equipment, particularly, NAVTEX receiver and EPIRB
D. light source equipment to passenger and General C Vessels engaged
in coastwise trade with a gross tonnage of _______.
66. In a PLL frequency demodulator, this information or the A. 120
modulating signal is the _____ signal. C. 150
A. phase-shift B. 80
C. VCO D. 100
B. error
D. input 87. In a spread-spectrum frequency hopping system, a ________
circuit selects frequency modulated by the synthesizer.
67. A satellite earth station designed to receive satellite signals. A. frequency synthesizer
Such stations may be used to receive data, such as stock C. PSN code generator
market prices or new-wire service or television programs. B. FSK oscillator
A. transmit-receive earth station D. frequency shifter
B. receive only earth station
C. receive-only satellite earth station 88. Which is the most positive element in the electron guin of TV
D. transmit-only earth station receivers?
A. screen grid
68. A typical separation distance between satellites in a C. 1st anode
geostational orbit is 183.3 miles. In terms of degrees, it is B. 2nd anode
equivalent to ______ degrees. D. control grid
A. 7
C. 4 89. A signal which varies between three levels.
B. 6 A. Alternate mark inversion
D. 5 C. Bipolar code
D. to increase the bandwidth

90. An object nearer to a converging lens than its focal point 99. Which of the following frequencies is wrong?
always a/an _______ image. A. 60 Hz for vertical sync and scanning
A. the same size B. 15,750 Hz for horizontal sync scanning
C. virtual C. 31,500 Hz for equalizing pulses and serrations in
B. inverted the vertical sync pulse
D. smaller D. 31,000 Hz for the vertical scanning frequency

91. The radio transceiver in the SRRS in the Philippines has a 100. An optic fiber is made of glass with a refractive index of 1.54,
maximum transmitted output power of _________. and clad with another glass with refractive index of 1.50.
A. 4 W Launching takes place from air. Calculate the numerical
C. 3 W aperture of the fiber.
B. 5 W A. 0.352 C. 0.0352
D. 6 W B. 0.00352 D. 3.52

92. What synchronizes the horizontal line of the TV picture tube?


93. The ratio of the separation distance between two co-channel

cell, the cell radius is known as co-channel _________.
A. reduction interference ratio
B. interference ratio
C. interference reduction factor
D. reduction ratio

94. What causes a herringbone pattern in facsimile?

A. noise
B. crosstalk
C. phase jitter
D. single-frequency interference

95. A rectangular waveguide has the following cross sectional

dimension width is 0.8 in., while the height is 0.6 in., as fed
by a coaxial at 12 GHz frequency. Calculate the cut-off
A. 3.05 cm
C. 1.44 cm
B. 4.06 cm
D. 5.08 cm

96. In FDM, how many voice band channels are there in a jumbo
A. 7200
C. 10,800
B. 3600
D. 1000

97. Using NTSC standard, what is the aural carrier frequency of

UHF TV channel 28?
A. 558.75 MHz
C. 553.75 MHz
B. 559.75 MHz
D. 555.25 MHz

98. A parametric amplifier must be cooled _______.

A. to provide better amplification
B. to be operational because it cannot operate at
room temperature
C. to improve the noise performance