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Name

Date

Lesson
Practice A
2.3 For use with the lesson Add, Subtract, and Multiply Polynomials

Add or subtract in vertical format.


1. 5x 3 1 2x 2 2 x 2 7 2. 4x 3 2 8x 2 2 x 1 5 3. 9x 2 1 6
1 x 3 2 3x 2 1 4x 2 2 2 (2x 3 1 7x 2 4) 2 (6x 2 2 5x 2 10)

Find the sum.


4. (x 2 1 2) 1 (4x 2 2 5) 5. (5x 2 1 3x) 1 (x 2 2 6x)
6. (9b 2 1 b 2 2) 1 (25b 2 2 2b 1 8) 7. (11n 2 1 2n 2 8) 1 (4n 2 2 5n 1 7)
8. (15m 3 1 8m) 1 (2m 2 2 6m 1 9)
9. (w 3 1 4w 2 2 10w 1 7) 1 (26w 3 1 5w 2 10)

Find the difference.


10. (12x 3 1 15) 2 (10x 3 1 2) 11. (9c 2 2 2c) 2 (c 2 1 9)
12. (7y 2 2 7y 1 6) 2 (3y 2 1 2y 2 1) 13. (4z 2 1 3) 2 (z 3 2 5z 1 2)
14. (6x 3 1 5x 2 2 10x 1 1) 2 (22x 3 2 3x 2 1 3x)
15. (t 4 2 3t 1 18) 2 (25t 4 1 t 3 2 2t 2)

Find the product.


16. x(2x 2 1 3x 2 1) 17. 8y 3( y 2 4)
Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

18. (m 1 6)(m 2 1) 19. (c 2 2)(c 2 9)

20. (8z 2 5)(z 1 1) 21. (h 2 3)(h2 1 2h 2 8)

22. (x 2 7)(x 1 7) 23. (s 1 9)2

Write the area of the figure as a polynomial in standard form.


24. x22 25. 2x 1 3 26.
2x 2 4
x21
x22
3x 2 1

27. Population For 1995 through 2003, the male population M (in millions) and the
female population F (in millions) of the United States can be modeled by
Lesson 2.3

M 5 20.01098t 4 1 0.1284t 3 2 0.238t 2 1 1.11t 1 128.4 and


F 5 20.00877t 4 1 0.1025t 3 2 0.202t 2 1 1.16t 1 134.6
where t is the number of years since 1995. Write a model for the total population of
the United States.

Algebra 2
Chapter Resource Book 2-29
Lesson 2.2 Use Properties of Lesson 2.3 Add, Subtract, and
Exponents, continued Multiply Polynomials
c. Sample answer: Female; According to the Teaching Guide
models, the average 14-year-old male is about
1. 2x 2 2 11x 1 9 2. 5x 2 1 5x 2 18
answers

64 inches, and the average 14-year-old female is


about 61 inches. Because 60 inches is closer to 3. 6x 2 1 3x 1 5 4. x 2 2 11x 1 30
61 inches than to 64 inches, it is more likely the 5. 3x 2 1 31x 1 36 6. 6x 2 2 x 2 40
14-year-old is female. Investigating Algebra Activity
Study Guide 1. a. (2x 1 3)(2x 1 3); 4x 2 1 6x 1 6x 1 9;
1. not a polynomial; The leading coefficient is 4x 2 1 12x 1 9 b. (4x 1 5y)(4x 1 5y);
not a real number. 2. not a polynomial; The term 16x 2 1 20xy 1 20xy 1 25y 2; 16x 2 1 40xy 1 25y 2
x21 has an exponent that is not a whole number. c. (x 2 y)(x 2 y); x 2 2 xy 2 xy 1 y 2;
3. is a polynomial already in standard form with x 2 2 2xy 1 y 2 d. (2x 2 3)(2x 2 3);
degree 2 (quadratic) and leading coefficient of 3 4x 2 2 6x 2 6x 1 9; 4x 2 2 12x 1 9;
e. (4x 2 5y)(4x 2 5y);
4. 230 5. f(x) 1` as x 2`; f(x) 1`
16x 2 2 20xy 2 20xy 1 25y 2; 16x 2 2 40xy 1 25y 2
as x 1` 6. f(x) 2` as x 2`;
f (x) 1` as x 1` 2. The first term in the simplified expression is
the square of the first term of the binomial.
Problem Solving Workshop:
3. The last term in the simplified expression is
Worked Out Example
the square of the last term of the binomial.
1. S
Retail space (in millions

6800 4. The second term in the simplified expression


6400
of square feet)

6000
is twice the product of the terms of the binomial.
5600
5. If the operation in the binomial is addition,
5200
4800 then the operations in the simplified expression
4400 are addition. If the operation in the binomial is

Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 t subtraction, then the first operation in the simplied
Years since 1990
expression is subtraction and the second is
about 6,500,000,000 ft2 addition. 6. Sample answer: To square a
binomial like (3x 2 2), square the first term (9x 2);
2.
Average precipitation

p
4
then subtract twice the product of the terms (12x);
finally, add the square of the last term (4). So,
(inches)

3
2
(3x 2 2)2 5 9x 2 2 12x 1 4
1
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 t Practice Level A
Month (1 5 January)
1. 6x 3 2 x 2 1 3x 2 9 2. 2x 3 2 8x 2 2 8x 1 9
July, August 3. 3x 2 1 5x 1 16 4. 5x 2 2 3 5. 6x 2 2 3x

Challenge Practice 6. 4b2 2 b 1 6 7. 15n2 2 3n 2 1

1. a. 3 b. 3.36 c. 3.75 d. 3.99 e. 3.9975 8. 15m3 1 2m2 1 2m 1 9

2. The average rate of change seems to be 9. 25w 3 1 4w 2 2 5w 2 3


approaching 4. 10. 2x 3 1 13 11. 8c 2 2 2c 2 9
3. a. y 5 3x 2 3 b. y 5 3.36x 2 3.36 12. 4y 2 2 9y 1 7 13. 2z 3 1 4z 2 1 5z 1 1
c. y 5 3.75x 2 3.75 d. y 5 3.99x 2 3.99 14. 8x 3 1 8x 2 2 13x 1 1
e. y 5 3.9975x 2 3.9975 4. y 5 4x 2 4
15. 6t 4 2 t 3 1 2t 2 2 3t 1 18 16. 2x 3 1 3x 2 2 x
17. 8y 4 2 32y 3 18. m 2 1 5m 2 6
19. c 2 2 11c 1 18 20. 8z 2 1 3z 2 5
21. h 3 2 h 2 2 14h 1 24 22. x 2 2 49
23. s 2 1 18s 1 81 24. x 2 2 4x 1 4

Algebra 2
A22 Chapter Resource Book
Lesson 2.3 Add, Subtract, and Study Guide
Multiply Polynomials, continued 1. 3x 3 2 3x 2 1 4x 1 3 2. 7x 2 2 9x 1 7
25. 2x 2 1 x 2 3 26. 3x 2 2 7x 1 2 3. z 3 2 6z 2 1 8z 2 3 4. x 3 2 7x 1 6
27. Y 5 20.01975t 4 1 0.2309t 3 2 0.44t 2 1 5. x 3 1 6x 2 1 12x 1 8 6. 49y 2 2 28y 1 4

answers
2.27t 1 263 7. 16d 2 2 9 8. 4a 2 1 20a 1 25
Practice Level B 9. V 5 (x 3 1 7x 2 1 16x 1 12); 36
1. 3y 2 2 6y 2 3 2. x 2 1 9x 2 8 Real-Life Application
3 2
3. 5m 2 4m 1 9m 2 3 1. Triangular-base pyramid: 4, 10, 20, 35, 56, 84,
4 3 2
4. 7s 2 2s 2 8s 1 s 1 7 120, 165, 220, 286, 364; Square-base pyramid: 5,
14, 30, 55, 91, 140, 204, 285, 385, 506, 650
5. 211q 3 1 5q 2 1 6q 1 16
2. Constructing a Pyramid
6. 23z 4 2 z 3 1 3z 2 1 6z 1 2
C

Total number of cans


7. 8v 4 1 6v 3 2 2v 2 1 v 2 16 600
500

in pyramid
8. 5x 5 1 x 4 2 x 3 2 5x 9. 10x 4 2 2x 3 400
Square-base
300
2 2
10. w 2 9w 1 8 11. c 1 14c 1 40 200
2 3 2 100
12. g 1 7g 2 18 13. y 1 5y 2 8y 1 2 0
Triangular-base
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 n
14. 2n3 1 9n2 2 12n 2 35 15. x 2 2 6x 1 9 Number of layers

16. 16t 2 1 8t 1 1 17. z 3 2 15z 2 1 75z 2 125


The graph of the square-base pyramid goes
18. 8f 3 1 12f 2 1 6f 1 1 19. 2x3 + 13x 2 1 6x higher than the graph of the triangular-base
1 pyramid, which means the square-base pyramid
3 x 3 2 x 2 2 3x 1 9
20. }
has more cans than the triangular-base pyramid.
21. C 5 315t 3 1 25,060t 2 1 71,923t 1 1 11
6n3 1 n 2 1 }
3. } 6n 1 1
1,967,822; about 4,308,326 thousand gallons
1 11
Practice Level C 4. Find the difference between }n3 1 n 2 1 }n
Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

6 6
1 1 1 1 3
1. w 3 1 2w 2 1 6w 2 9 1 1 and } 6n 3 1 } 2n 2 1 } 3n; }2n 2 1 } 2n 1 1.
2. 2x 4 2 3x 3 1 2x 2 1 3x 1 3 13
5. }n 3 1 } 2n 2 1 } 6n 1 1
3. 4m4 1 2m3 2 2m2 1 7m 2 6 3
1 3
4. b4 2 4b3 2 6b2 1 11b 2 5 6. Find the difference between }n 3 1 }n 2 1
3 2
13 1 1 1
3 1 1 3 1 6n 1 1 and }
} 3n 3 1 } 2n 2 1 } 6n ; n 2 1 2n 1 1.
5. }x 3 2 7x 2 }
3 6. 2}c 2 3c2 1 5c 1 }
6
5 12
} } 7. 1330 cans 8. 356 cans
7. 2 2d 2 2 7d 1 9 8. 8x 3 2 2 3x 2 2 x
9. 26x 6 1 8x 5 2 2x 4 10. 30s 2 1 7s 2 2 Challenge Practice
11. 12p3 1 4p2 1 15p 1 8 1. 15x 3r 1 12x 4r 2 1 2. 20x 2r 1 2 2 15x 2r
12. 2x 4 2 6x 3 1 5x 2 1 18x 2 6 3. 12x 3m 2 10x 2m 2 18x m 1 15
13. 2x7 1 6x 6 2 3x 5 1 3x 4 1 x 4. 2x 7m 2 2x 6m 1 x 5m 2 x 4m
14. x 6 1 x 5 2 2x 4 2 6x 3 1 x 2 1 10x 2 5 5. a 2 1 b 2 1 c 2 1 2ab 1 2ac 1 2bc
15. 240q3 1 149q2 1 46q 2 8 6. a. x 4 1 6x 3 1 5x 2 2 12x 1 4
b. 16x 2 1 25y2 1 56x 2 70y 2 40xy 1 49
16. 4x 2 2 y 2 17. 8y 3 1 36y 2z 1 54yz 2 1 27z 3
1 1 1 7. (x 1 a)2 5 x 2 1 2ax 1 a 2; square of a binomial
18. }x 2 2 } 16y 2 19. 11x 2 2 2x 2 2
4xy 1 }
4 8. (x 1 a)(x 1 b) 5 x 2 1 bx 1 ax 1 ab; FOIL
20. a. A 5 20.089t 5 2 2.19t 4 1 35.35t 3 2 151.8t 2 method
1 280t 1 1904 b. Because P represents a percent, 9. a. Carey: 500r 3 1 2300r 2 1 3700r 1 1900;
it must be divided by 100 before multiplying it by F Emma: 750r 3 1 2750r 2 1 4150r 1 2150
to get the model for the average annual amount spent b. 1250r 3 1 5050r2 1 7850r 1 4050 c. Emmas
on food away from home A. c. about $2133 account is worth more.
Algebra 2
Chapter Resource Book A23