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FUERZA Y CAMPO ELCTRICO

a.

c = 2 2
a + b

k q1 q3 a i + b j
F e;13 =
2 2 2
c a + b

k q2 q3
F e;23 = j
2
b

F e;3 = F e;13 + F e;23

q1 a q1 b q2
F e;3 = q3 k i + + j
2 2 3 / 2 2 2 3 / 2 2
a + b a + b b
[N]

b.

K = 9, x 10 9
[Nm^2/C^2]

0,025 3 0,025 4 0,016


F e;3 = 0,005 9, x 10 9 i + j
2 2 3 / 2 2 2 3 / 2 2
3 + 4 3 + 4 4

F e;3 = 9000 3 i j
[N]
DCL q1:

T
FY = 0 FX = 0
Fe
FX = T sin Fe

FY = T cos m g

m*g

m g
T =
cos

Fe = T sin

K q1 q2
Fe =
2
a

q1 = q2

a = L sin
2
m g K q
sin =
cos 2
L sin

2
q cos K
L =
3
m g sin
[m]
Y
q2

q1
q0 a X

K q1 q0 K q2 q0
F e;o = i + j
2 2
a b

2 2
K q1 q0 K q2 q0
F e;0 = +
2 2
a b

2 2
9, x 10 9 0,000008 0,000005 9, x 10 9 0,000012 0,000005
F e;0 = +
2 2
3 3

F e;0 = 0,07211
[N]

B C A
K q1 q2 K q1 q2
F e;A =
2 2
2 d d

K q1 q2
F e;A = 0,75
2
d
[N]

K q1 q2 K q1 q2
F e;B = +
2 2
2 d d

K q1 q2
F e;B = 1,25
2
d
[N]
2 2
K q1 q2 K q1 q2
F e;C = +
2 2
2 d d

K q1 q2
F e;C = 1,031
2
d
[N]

DCL q1:

T
FY = 0 FX = 0
Fe
FX = T sin Fe

FY = T cos m g

m*g
DCL q2:

T
FY = 0 FX = 0
Fe
FX = T sin Fe

FY = T cos m g

m*g

c.

Fe = T sin

a = 2 L sin + d

m1 = m2

K q1 q2 m g
= sin
2 cos
2 L sin + d

K q1 q2
m =
2
2 L sin + d tan g
[Kg]
h

Repulsin
Neutra

Atraccin

B C A

Hacia arriba
a.

E = E + Ez

dE = dE 2 sin 2
+ dE 1 sin 1

dE z = dE 2 cos 2
dE 1 cos 1

dq K
dE =
2
R

Q dq
=
L dL

Q Q
dL 2 K dL 1 K
L L
dE = sin 2
+ sin 1
2 2
R2 R1

Q Q
dL 2 K dL 1 K
L L
dE z = cos 2
cos 1
2 2
R2 R1

dL = dz

z R
sin =
R z
cos =
R

R = 2 2
z +
Q K z2 Q K z1
1 d E rho = d z2 + d z1
2 2 3 / 2 2 2 3 / 2
L z + L z +
2 1

Q K Q K
1 dz = d z2 d z1
2 2 3 / 2 2 2 3 / 2
L z + L z +
2 1

Resolviendo y evaluando la integral z1:0-L1 y z2:0-L2:

K Q L1 L2
E = + u + uz
L L1
2
+
2
L2
2
+
2
L1
2
+
2
L2
2
+
2

[Nm/C]

b.1
K Q L L
E = + u + uz
L L
2
+
2
L
2
+
2
L
2
+
2
L
2
+
2

2 K Q
E = u

2 2
L +
[Nm/C]

b.2
Q
=
L

2 K L
E = u

2 2
L +

c. = 0 Para un LONGITUD = INFINITA; CARGA = FINITA


2
= Para un LONGITUD = INFINITA; DENSIDAD DE

CARGA = FINITA
a.
Esquema:

Y
dEy
Q
dQ a dE


R Z dEX

dQ dE
X
dEy

dE X = dE cos

K dQ
dE =
2
a
2 2 2
a = R + Z

Z
cos =
R

K Z
1 d EX = dQ
2 2 3 / 2
R + Z

Q K Z
EX =
2 2 3 / 2
R + Z
[Nm/C]

b.
R tiende a ser cero cuando Z>>R:

Q K Z
EX =
2 3 / 2
Z

Q K
EX =
Carga puntual)
2
Z
[Nm/C]
Y

2 K r = + z uz
Er = u
= x ux + y uy

3 x = 3 [m]
[m]
2 9, x 10 9 10
Er = u y = 4 [m]
[m]
z = 7 [m]
u [m]
7
Er = 1,8 x 10 2 2
= 3 + 4
2
[Nm/C] = 5 [m]
[m]
[

F = q Er
3
10 1
F = 1,8 x 10 7 3 ux + 4 uy
4 25

F = 180 3 ux + 4 uy
[N]
LEY DE GAUSS

= E dA

q
=

a.
q
6 =

q
=
6 0
b.
q
24 =

0 En cada una de las tres


q
= caras en contacto con la
24 carga, el flujo es nulo
0
a. b.

Q <R:
=
L
Qe
E dA =
Q
L =
0

Qe = D Ve
Q
D = 2
Qe = L
V 2
R
Q
D = 2
L
2
R L 2
R
Q E 2 L =
D =
0
2 Q
R
E =
2
2 0
R
D =

R
2 >=R:

Q
E dA =

Q = D V

2
Q = R L
2
R

2
R L
2
R
E 2 L =

E =
2 0

POTENCIAL ELCTRICO Y ENERGA

Campo Elctrico

V (x, y) = -2 (x+y) [Volt/m]


Lneas Equipotenciales
VA > VD = VB > VC

LEY DE OHM

V = i R

100
R =
4

R = 5 + X

25 = 5 + X
4 [A]

X=20 []
V = i R

6,4
i =
0,0048
i=1333.33 [A]

V = i R

V = 25 8 + 0,3 + 0,1

V = 210 [V]

ENERGA, CALOR Y POTENCIA ELCTRICA

CP m T
Q =
t
4190 0,5 199 28
Q =
2 60

QP = 0,25 Q

QT = Q + QP

QT = 1257 + 0,25 1257

QT = 1571,25
[W]
2
V
QT =
R
2
110
R =
1571,25

R = 7,7
[]

m Q
= P =
Volm t

m = 0,2 1000 4,19 x 10 6


}
t =
m = 200
[Kg] 250
Q = CP m T t = 16760
[Seg]
Q = 4190 200 25 20
16760
t =
Q = 4,19 x 10 6
[J] 3600

t = 4,65
[Horas]

RESISTENCIA Y CIRCUITOS ELCTRICOS

i1

i2 i3
1 i1 = i2 + i3
RT = + R1
V2 V3
1 1 i1 = +
+
R2 R3
R3 R2

1 V2 = V3
RT = + 20
V2;3 V2;3
1 1 3 = +
+
75 300
300 75
V2;3 = 180
RT = 80 [V]
[]
V2;3
VT i2 =
i1 =
R2
RT
180
240 i2 =
i1 =
75
80
i2 = 2,4
i1 = 3 [A]
[A]
V2;3
V1 = i1 R1 i3 =

V1 = 3 20 R3

V1 = 60 180
[V] i3 =
300

i3 = 0,6
[A]

i1
a.

1 1
i2 i3 R eqv = + + R1
1 1 1 1 1
+ + +
R4 R5 R6 R2 R3

1 1
i4 i6
R eqv = + + 4
1 1 1 1
1 / 9 + + +
i5 18 30 10 15

i1 R eqv = 15
[]
b.

VT
iT =
R eqv

300
iT =
15

iT = 20
[A]

C.

iT = 20
Vcd
iT = i1 i2 =

i1 = 20 R2
[A]
120
i2 =
Vab = i1 R1 10
Vab = 20 4 i2 = 12
[A]
Vab = 80
[V]
Vcd
i3 =
i1 = i2 + i3 R3
Vcd Vcd 120
i1 = + i3 =
R2 R3 15
Vcd Vcd i3 = 8
20 = + [A]
10 15

Vcd = 120 Vde


[V] i4 =
R4
i1 = i4 + i5 + i6 100
i4 =
Vde Vde Vde
i1 = + + 9
R4 R5 R6 i4 = 11,11
[A]
Vde Vde Vde
20 = + +
Vde
9 18 30 i5 =
Vde = 100 R5
[V]
100
i5 =
18

i5 = 5,55
[A]

Vde
i6 =
R6
100
i6 =
30

i6 = 3,33
[A]

CONDENSADORES

1 1 1
= +
C 3;4 C3 C4

C 2;3;4 = C 2 + C 3;4

1 1 1
= +
C eqv C1 C 2;3;4

1
C eqv =
1 1
+
C1 1
C2 +
1 1
+
C3 C4