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VOLCANOES OF THE PHILIPPINES

1. Mayon Volcano (Central Bikol: Bulkan Mayon, Tagalog: Bulkang Mayon), also known as Mount Mayon, is
an active stratovolcano in the Philippine province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the
"perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, the volcano and its surrounding landscape was declared
a national park on July 20, 1938, the first in the country. It was reclassified a Natural Park and renamed Mayon
Volcano Natural Park in the year 2000.

2. Mount Pinatubo (Filipino: Bundok Pinatubo/Bulkang Pinatubo) is an activestratovolcano in the Cabusilan


Mountains on the island of Luzon, near thetripoint of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga.
Before the volcanic activities of 1991, its eruptive history was unknown to most people. It was heavily eroded,
inconspicuous and obscured from view. It was covered with dense forest which supported a population of several
thousand indigenous people belonging to the Aetas.

3. Mount Bulusan, or Bulusan Volcano, is the southernmost volcano onLuzon Island in the Republic of the Philippines.
It is situated in the province ofSorsogon in the Bicol region, 70 km (43 mi) southeast of Mayon Volcano and
approximately 250 km (160 mi) southeast of the Philippine capital of Manila.

4. Taal Volcano (Filipino: Bulkang Taal) is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the
second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions. All of these eruptions are concentrated
on Volcano Island, an island near the middle of Taal Lake. The lake partially fills Taal Caldera, which was formed by
prehistoric eruptions between 140,000 and 5,380 BP. Viewed from Tagaytay Ridge, Taal Volcano and Lake presents
one of the most picturesque and attractive views in the Philippines.[3] It is located about 50 kilometres (31 miles) south
of the capital of the country, the city of Manila.

The volcano had several violent eruptions in the past causing loss of life in the island and the populated areas
surrounding the lake, with the death toll estimated at around 5,000 to 6,000. Because of its proximity to populated
areas and its eruptive history, the volcano was designated a Decade Volcano, worthy of close study to prevent
future natural disasters. Allvolcanoes of the Philippines are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

5. Mount Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman Volcano) is astratovolcano on Camiguin Island in the Philippines. It is
one of the activevolcanoes in the country and part of the Pacific ring of fire. Volcanologists classify Hibok-Hibok as a
stratovolcano and dome complex with an elevation of 1,332 metres (4,370 ft) and a base diameter of 10 kilometres
(6.2 mi).

It has six hot springs (Ardent Spring, Tangob, Bugong, Tagdo, Naasag and Kiyab), three craters (Kanangkaan Crater,
site of the 1948 eruption; Itum Crater, site of 1949 eruption, and Ilihan Crater, site of 1950 eruption).

Its adjacent volcanic edifices are Mt. Vulcan, 580 metres (1,900 ft) high, NW of Hibok-Hibok; Mt. Mambajao, 1,552
metres (5,092 ft) center of Camiguin; Mt. Guinsiliban 581 metres (1,906 ft) high, southernmost Camiguin; Mt. Butay
679 metres (2,228 ft); and Mt. Uhay, N of Mount Ginsiliban. There are also domes and cones at Campana Hill, Minokol
Hill, Tres Marias Hill, Mt. Carling, Mt. Tibane, and Piyakong Hill.

6. Kanlaon Volcano, also spelled as Kanla-on or sometimes Canlaon, is anactive stratovolcano on the island
of Negros in the Visayas section of thePhilippines. The volcano straddles the provinces of Negros
Occidental andNegros Oriental, approximately 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Bacolod, the capital and most populous city
of Negros Occidental and of the whole island region.

The volcano is a favorite spot for mountain climbers and is the centerpiece ofMount Kanlaon Natural Park, a national
park originally established on August 8, 1934. It is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines and part of the Pacific
Ring of Fire.

7. Mount Banahaw (alternative spelling: Banahao or Banjao) is an active volcano on Luzon in the Philippines. The
three-peaked volcano complex is located between the provinces of Laguna and Quezon and is the tallest mountain in
the CALABARZON region dominating the landscape for miles around.

The mountain is considered by many as a "Holy mountain" and is popular among pilgrims along with mountain
climbers. It is located in a protected areaknown as Mounts BanahawSan Cristobal Protected Landscape covering
10,901 hectares (26,940 acres) of land.

8. Mount Ragang, also called Mount Piapayungan and Blue Mountain by the local people, is
a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is the seventh highest mountain in the Philippines. Mount
Ragang is located on south of Lanao del Sur in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

9. Makaturing, is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is found in the province of Lanao del
Sur (particularly in the town of Butig) in theAutonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Makaturing has an elevation of
1,940 metres (6,365 ft) and a base diameter of 29 km (18 mi). It is part of a string of volcanoes called the Central
Mindanao Arc.

10. Babuyan Claro Volcano, also known as Mount Pangasun, is a volcanolocated on Babuyan Island, the northernmost
of the Babuyan group of islandsin Luzon Strait, north of the main island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is classified as
one of the active volcanoes of the country with the last confirmed eruption in 1860.

The volcano is politically located in the similarly-named Barangay of Babuyan Claro, in the Municipality of
Calayan, Cagayan province, in the Cagayan ValleyRegion (Region II) of the country.

11. Matutum is an active volcano, approximately 5.7 kilometres (3.5 mi) from Acmonan, Tupi, South Cotabato, Philippines.
Matutum is a stratovolcano that rises 2,286 metres (7,500 ft) asl with a base diameter of 25 kilometres (16 mi).

12. Didicas Volcano is an active volcanic island in the province of Cagayan in northern Philippines. The island, which was
a submarine volcano and re-emerged from the sea in 1952, is 22 kilometres (14 mi) NE of Camiguin Island, one of the
Babuyan Islands in Luzon Strait. Before 1952, the volcano first breached the ocean surface in 1857. Didicas is topped
with a lava dome with an elevation of 228 metres (748 ft) and a base diameter of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) at sea level. It
is at the southern end of the Luzon Volcanic Arc, and like all the volcanoes in the Philippines, is part of the Pacific ring
of fire.

13. Musuan Peak or Mount Musuan /mswn/, also known as Mount Calayo (literally "Fire Mountain") is an active
volcano on the island ofMindanao in the Philippines. It is 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) south of the city
ofValencia, province of Bukidnon, and 81 kilometres (50 mi) southeast ofCagayan de Oro City. Musuan is a lava
domeand tuff cone. It has an elevation of 646 metres (2,119 ft) asl, and a base diameter of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi).

14. Iraya is an active volcano in the Philippines. Iraya is located on Batan Island, one of the Batanes Islands, in
the provinceof Batanes, in the Luzon Strait, north of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines.It is the northernmost active
volcano in the Philippines. Iraya is a heavily forested stratovolcano, with an elevation of 1,009 metres (3,310 ft) asl,
and a base diameter of 5,500 metres (18,000 ft). Adjacent volcanic edifice is Mount Matarem.

15. Mount Binuluan (also known as Ambalatungan) is a remote volcano in theKalinga province of the Cordillera
Administrative Region of the Philippines. The 2,329-metre-high (7,641 ft) mountain is part of the Cordillera
Centralmountain range on Luzon island, the largest island in the country. Binuluan exhibits active volcanism through
numerous fumarole fields, solfataras andhot springs on its slope. There were reports of possible eruptions in 1952 and
1986 (or 1987), but they are unverified.

16. Mount Isarog is a potentially active stratovolcano located in the province ofCamarines Sur, Philippines, on the island
of Luzon. It has an elevation of 2,000 metres above mean sea level. The peak of the mountain marks the point where
the borders of five municipalities and one city meet (listed in clockwise direction, starting
north):Goa, Tigaon, Ocampo, Pili, Naga City, and Calabanga. Mount Isarog was where local troops of the Philippine
Army and Constabulary units and Bicolano guerrillas hid during the Japanese Period. In the 1970s, with the leadership
of Romulo Jallores and his brother, they established the New People's Army in the Bicol region at the foot of this
mountain.

17. Mount Natib is a dormant volcano and caldera complex in theprovince of Bataan on western Luzon Island of the
Philippines. The volcano complex occupies the northern portion of the Bataan Peninsula. The mountain and adjacent
surrounding is a protected area first declared as theBataan National Park in 1945. Mount Natib is a stratovolcano type
of volcano topped by a 6-by-7-kilometre (3.7 by 4.3 mi) acorn-shaped NatibCaldera that is open to the northwest. East
of its caldera is the smaller 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) wide Pasukulan Caldera. The highest peak of Mount Natib has an
elevation of 1,253 metres (4,111 ft) asl and is at the point of convergence of the two calderas. The caldera complex
has an overall base diameter of 26 kilometres (16 mi).

18. Mount Balatukan is a massive compound stratovolcano in the southern island of Mindanao, Philippines. The volcano
has no historical eruptions but displays fumarolic activity. The 2,450-metre (8,040 ft) mountain is topped by a triangular
shaped caldera 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) long and 10.6 kilometers (6.6 mi) at its widest. The Balatocan River emanates
from and drains the huge crater.

The mountain is a protected area in the country classified as a Natural Park, the Mount Balatukan Range Natural
Park. The park has an area of 8,423.00 hectares (20,813.7 acres) with a buffer zone of 1,222.00 hectares (3,019.6
acres). It was created on March 6, 2007 by Proclamation no. 1249.

19. Mount Kalatungan, also known as Catatungan, is a volcanic mountainlocated in the province of Bukidnon in the
southern Philippines. It is astratovolcano with no known historical eruptions and classified by thePhilippine Institute of
Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) as a potentially active volcano.
It is the sixth highest mountain in the country with an elevation of 2,824 m (9,265 ft) asl. It is one of the several high
elevation peaks in the Kalatungan Mountain Range in Bukidnon on the island of Mindanao, the second largest island in
the Philippines.

20. Latukan volcano is a potentially active stratovolcano in the centre of a chain of young E-W-trending stratovolcanoes in
NW Mindanao, SE of Lake Lanao,province of Lanao del Sur, island of Mindanao, in the Autonomous Region in Muslim
Mindanao.

21. The Global Volcanism Program records its elevation as 2,338 metres (7,671 ft) at a latitude of 7.65N (739'0"N) and
longitude of 124.45E (12427'0"E).

22. Latukan is flanked on the west by Makaturing volcano and on the NE by the historically active Ragang volcano.

Latukan was listed as an active volcano in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World (Neumann van Padang,
1953), but the date of its most recent eruptions is not known.

Latukan lies in an area of dominantly basaltic volcanoes west of the cordillera in central Mindanao.

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) lists Latukan as an inactive volcano, without any
indication as to why it considers Latukan to be inactive.

Like most volcanoes in southern Philippines, Latukan has not been well studied.

23. Mount Malindig (also known as Mount Malindik and Mount Marlangga) is a large potentially active stratovolcano on
the island of Marinduque in thePhilippines.

The name Marinduque itself may have been derived fromMarindik or Malindik. The tale told by the people of
Buenavista, the town that sits at the foot of Malindig, is that during the Spanish times, a Spanish soldier got lost. He
came upon a girl sitting down sorting rice. He asked her what the name of this place was. She replied in
Tagalog matindig (translation: "Let me stand up") so she could get a better view of the area. The Spaniard mistook the
girl and thought the mountain was called Matindig, and unable to ennunciate Tagalog, he called it Malindig.

Malindig is considered a potentially active volcano, in part because of thesolfataric springs of Malbog. Its unique
location, at the heart of Southern Tagalog, creates a panorama that encompasses Mindoro, Verde Island, and
Southern Luzon all the way to Bicol and Burias Island. There is a military radio outpost at 900MASL.

24. Mount Amorong a potentially active volcano, part of the Amorong Volcanic Group, is located at the northern end of
the Luzon Central Plain, inPangasinan province, Region I, on the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. Amorong is one of
a cluster of small lava domes and diatremes. It is the only one which currently exhibits any volcanic-related activities,
being fumarolic andsolfataric.

25. Mahagnao Volcano also known as part of (Mahagnao Volcano Natural Park) is a dormant volcano located in the
Barangay Mahagnao part of the municipality of Burauen province of Leyte, Philippines. It is also bounded by the
municipalities of La Paz and MacArthur. The area is mostly composed of wetland forests and also the birth of many
rivers and streams flowing on many part of Burauen and on its neighboring towns. The summit of the volcano is a
steep-walled heavily forested crater that opens to the south with a peak elevation of 860 metres (2,820 ft). Located on
the volcano flanks are fumaroles and mudpots.

26. Mount Apo is a large solfataric, potentially active stratovolcano in the island of Mindanao, Philippines. With an
elevation of 2,954 metres (9,692 ft) above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the Philippine Archipelago and is
located between Davao City and Davao del Sur province in Region XI and Cotabato province in Region XII. The peak
overlooks Davao City 45 kilometres (28 mi) to the northeast, Digos City 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the southeast,
and Kidapawan City 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the west.

27. Leonard Kniazeff is a stratovolcano between the municipalities of Mabini andMaco in Compostela Valley province,
island of Mindanao, Philippines.

It has a 203-kilometre (126 mi) diameter caldera lake called Lake Leonard. Amacan Thermal Area is located 5
cadastral km SSW of Lake Leonard.

Leonard Kniazeff is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines, part of thePacific ring of fire.

28. Mount Masaraga is an extinct stratovolcano located in Ligao City in theprovince of Albay, in the Bicol region,
on Luzon Island, in the Philippines. Mount Masaraga is a forested, sharp-topped, mountain with an elevation of 1,328
metres (4,357 ft) asl. It is adjacent and the closest to the perfect cone of Mayon Volcano.