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PART I. TEST ON CORRECT GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH (NEW c. Neither of them is an expert on the subject matter of the Big-Bang Theory.

EXERCISE). d. Neither of them is expert in the subject matter of the Big Bang-Theory.
Direction: Choose the correct answer from the choices given. 9. a. The more you practice, the more you will get better.
b. The more you practice, the better you get.
1. a. Sir Josef Brondial, the Spanish Consul-General, accompanied by his wife, were c. The better you practice, the more you get better.
at the party. d. The more you practice, the better you will get.
b. Sir Josef Brondial, the Spanish Consul-General, accompanied by the wife, were
at the party. 10. a. The reason the proposal was rejected was because it was not economically
c. Sir Josef Brondial, the Spanish Consul-General, accompanied by his wife, was viable.
at the party. b. The reason the proposal is rejected was that it was not economically viable.
d. Sir Josef Brondial, the Spanish Consul-General, accompanied by his wife, is at c. The reason the proposal was rejected was that it was not economically viable.
the party. d. The reason the proposal is rejected is because it is not economically viable.

2. a. We could go to the beach if it wasnt so hot. 11. a. Having stole the money, the police searched the thief.
b. We could go to the beach if it werent so hot. b. Having stolen the money, the thief was searched by the police.
c. We could go to the beach if it is werent so hot. c. Having stolen the money, the police searched the thief.
d. We could go to the beach if it is not so hot. d. The money having stolen by the thief, he was searched by the police.

3. a. Fatima Ruth promised she would come. 12. a. When this war is over, no nation will either be isolated in war or peace.
b. Fatima Ruth promised she will come. b. When this war is over, no nation will either be isolated in war or peace.
c. Fatima Ruth promised that she will come. c. When this war is over, no nation will be isolated in neither war nor peace.
d. Fatima Ruth promised that she is to come. d. When this war is over, no nation will be isolated either in war or peace.

4. a. I am a Filipino and so is she. 13. a. Today, this is a totally different world than we have seen in the last decade.
b. I am a Filipino and so she is also. b. Today, this is a totally different world from what we have seen in the last
c. I am a Filipino too and so she also is. decade.
d. I am a Filipino and she also. c. Today, this is a totally different world from what we seen in the last decade.
d. Today, this is a totally different world than what we saw in the last decade.
5. a. Alberto ignored the traffic enforcers signal that he stop.
b. Alberto ignored the traffic enforcers signal that he stop. 14 a. After viewing both movies, John agreed that the first one is the best of the two.
c. Alberto ignored the traffic enforcers the signal that he is to stop. b. After viewing both movies, John agreed that the first was the best of the two.
d. Alberto ignored the traffic enforcer of the signal that he to stop. c. After viewing both movies, John agreed that the first one was the better of the
two.
6. a. Shes been the before, isnt she? d. After viewing both movies, John agreed that one of the two, the better one was
b. Shes been the before, is she? the first.
c. Shes been the before, hasnt she?
d. Shes been the before, didnt she? PART II. TEST ON CORRECT GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH
Direction: Choose the correct answer from the choices given.
7. a. How can Bernice blame you and he for the miscommunication?
b. How can Bernice blame both you and him for the miscommunication? 1. Most people in the mountains still follow the __________ ways of farming, that is
c. How can Bernice blame you and him for the miscommunication? why their harvest is not abundant.
d. How can Bernice blame you and him also for the miscommunication? a. primitive c. traditional
b. mechanical d. non-scientific
8. a. Neither of them are experts on the subject matter of the Big-Bang Theory.
b. Neither one of them are experts on the subject matter of the Big-Bang 2. The audience cant help but admiring the Top Five Finalist during the Miss
Theory. A B C D
Universe Pageant.
a. A b. B c. C d. D 14. You wouldnt want to be late for the interview, ______________.
a. wont you b. will you c. dont you d. would you
3. The measure of choosing well is whether or not man likes what he __________.
a. chose b. has chosen c. choose d. is choosing 15. Historically, therefore, __________ must be no let-up in the pursuit of the
solution.
4. Professional marketing consultants know their products thoroughly and ______. a. therell b. theyre c. there d. their
a. study market trends c. analyze market trends
b. they analyze market trends d. realize better market trends 16. Uncle Pido bought the camping gear for Robert and _______ as a prize for
winning the competition.
5. The family of Ms. Victoria Sanchez does not live here _____________. a. mine b. myself c. me d. I
a. no more b. any more c. anymore d. any longer
17. Have you __________ enough water today before the final long distance
6. Almost two thirds of the population today ________ poor. competition.
a. is b. are c. has been d. were a. drink b. drunken c. drank d. drunk

7. As the conductor left the _________, the audience clamored for more. 18. The DENR Secretary and the MMDS Chairman _________ going to lead the
a. platform c. stage campaign against the smoke-belchers along EDSA this coming Monday.
b. podium d. stand a. is both b. were d. are d. will be

8. The ________ that, for various reasons, girls spent less time working with 19. History is the witness that _________ passing of time.
computers than boys. a. testifies the b. testifies for c. will testify for d. will testify
a. studies revealing c. studies revealed
b. studies reveal d. studies have been 20. The Home Office Module greatly benefits single mothers from running their
businesses because they can stay home, make money and _________ a variety of
9. He has been absent for three days because he is _________ measles. people.
a. affected withb. afflicted with c. afflicted of d. affected with a. get to meet b. to meet c. meet d. be meeting

10. ________ to our appeal for consideration. The Board of Discipline will not give 21. Which contraction is the correct form used in the following sentence?
us any extension for filling additional evidence. a. He knew it is a sin to tell a lie c. He know its a sin to tell a lie
a. As regards b. In regards c. With regards as d. With regard b. He knew its a sin to tell a lie d. He knew it a sin to tell a lie

11. Everyone in the field of entertainment ___________ to watch the FAMAS 22. ___________ dates are irrelevant to her case being heard by Judge De la Cruz.
Awards. a. This b. These c. That d. Those
a. was excited c. is certainly excited
b. were certainly excited d. are certainly excited 23. The convicted criminal will be ________ the day after tomorrow.
a. hanged b. hang c. hunged d. hanging
12. After 8 fruitful years, Antonino finally quit his job. He __________ along with
his Immediate boss a long time before he finally decided to look for a new job. 24. Which of the following sentences use word elicit correctly?
a. didnt get b. isnt getting c. hasnt been getting d. hadnt been getting a. The judge did not believe the elicited response.
b. The answer was drawn through elicit means.
13. Many years of intensive language study are required for immigrant speakers. c. The judge slowly elicited the answers from the writers.
Antonio ________ French for 3 years, but he still need more training before he d. The answer elicited was false.
masters it.
a. will have been studying c. has been studying 25. The terms of reference will not __________ these regulations no matter how you
b. will be studying d. have been studying protest.
a. exempt you from c. exclude you from 37. Ever since Dr. Mateo F. Felino was elected president of the organization, the
b. give exemptions to d. exempt members __________ better relations.
26. Where were you when the president arrived? a. had enjoy b. have enjoyed c. enjoyed d. are enjoying
a. I am sorry for the incident. c. I accompanied her to the concert 38. Which of the following words are misspelled?
b. I enjoy watching the program d. I was at the Library borrowing books 1. transgression 2. transcent 3. inmunity 4. percieve
a. 2&3 b. 2, 3 &4 c. 1, 3 & 4 d. 1, 2 & 3
27. Our heroes like Rizal and Bonifacio are worth ________.
a. role-modelling b. comparing c. idolizing d. emulating 39. It cost twice ___________ I thought it would.
a. as much as b. as much c. more than d. than
28. The modern space explorers have gone _______ earlier explorers.
a. further from b. farther than c. father on d. further than 40. She was much different __________ I expected.
a. than b. from what c. from d. than what
29. The sales clerk advised the customer trying the clothes _____________.
a. Do not try on the clothes before they are bought. 41. When a leader is succeeded by another leader, the former is referred to as ____.
b. Do not try more clothes unless they are sold. a. replaced b. dethroned c. defeated d. deposed
c. Do not try on more clothes.
d. Do not try on the clothes many times. 42. You wouldnt want to be accused of theft, __________?
a. wouldnt you b. wont you c. will you d. would you
30. This digital video disc player is my sisters. How about this?
a. This is his b. This is of him c. This is him d. This is hers 43. Weightlifter : Strength ::
a. marathoner : endurance c. goalie : skill
31. The local basketball players were supported by the Filipino-American imports. b. hiker : agility d. dancer : speed
This group ___________ efforts.
a. complimented team c. complimented the team 44. Lubricant : friction ::
b. complemented d. completed the team a. speed : drag b. motor : electricity c. muffler : noise d. insulator : heat

32. After the onslaught of the foods triggered by typhoon Ondoy, the residents from 45. Elevator : shaft ::
the affected areas _________ who relied on the culture of bayanihan for aid and a. electricity : outlet b. water : conduit c. railroad : rain d. gas : fire
assistance.
a. were the ones c. which were the ones 46. Hydrology : science ::
b. who were the ones d. whom were the ones a. astronomy : galaxy b. fir : tree c. fashion : style d. theory : practice

33. Most natural calamities happen in July and August. Students are sent home early 47. In his address, the Regional Director exhorted the teachers to discover and
___________. _______ each students ________ talent.
a. to avoid missing the transport c. to avoid traffic jams a. develop : intrinsic c. redirect : specialty
b. to avoid getting wet d. to avoid the flash floods b. justify : gratuitous d. uplift : unrecognized

34. The union members cannot ______ the kind of compensation plan they want. 48. The enforcers feel that the ________ shown by the judges to first offenders
a. agree on b. agree to c. agree with d. get agree with unfortunately __________ many youngsters to embark on a life of crimes.
a. harshness : predisposes c. clemency : encourages
35. Please _________ the book with you next time you come to my office. b. indifference : directs d. understanding : condemns
a. bring b. take c. carry along d. bring along
49. What utterance show determination?
36. It is essential that harmony prevail __________ the departments. a. This time I have not made my mind c. I have good news for you.
a. between b. with c. among d. with all b. This time I wont stop schooling d. What a shame, she came back.
50. The victims father refused revenge when he said: novel. No error.
a. An eye for an eye c. Dont take the law into your hands e
b. Justice is always delayed d. Give him the other cheek
59. His untimely death has left us blinder than we might have been. This means
51. It is only with the heart that one can see rightly. This means __________. ___________.
a. The heart is always correct about everything. a. Those left behind are left homeless. c. Those orphans are left to themselves
b. Important things are not always for the heart but for the brain. b. Those left behind are blind. d. Those who blind are orphans
c. Heart should always be over and above the brains.
d. Only the heart can see the beauty of life and love. 60. i. Two persons die every 3 seconds.
ii. For every two people who die, one is caused by accidents.
52. I will take the road less travelled by and be condemned if necessary. iii. In the Philippines, the rich and poor people live in different surroundings.
a. Regrets come before decision. iv. Philippine traffic laws and regulations are blatantly disregarded.
b. Decisions are made despite differences from the majority. Therefore, the Philippines have a high death rate because of apathy and
c. Decisions are made on the crossroads. indifference.
d. Regrets come after decisions. a. definitely true b. most likely true c. most likely false d. definitely false

53. Professionals leaving abroad to seek greener pastures is one type of _______. 61. Some Filipinos want to live in the U.S. Therese is a Filipino. Therefore:
a. brain-drain b. Employment c. OFWs d. migration a. Therese wants to live in the U.S.
b. All those who want to live in the U.S are Filipinos.
54. Only world-class athletes win medals at the Olympic Games. Michael Phelps c. Therese wants to be a U.S citizen.
won several gold medals in swimming at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. d. None of the above
Therefore:
a. Michael Phelps is an all-time American swimmer. 62. Ruth is a good singer. All singers have good voices. Therefore:
b. Australia won the most number of gold medals in swimming a. Ruth has a good voice c. Singers are also good dancers
c. Michael Phelps is a world-class athlete and an Olympian. b. Ruth sings only popular songs d. None of the above
d. Michael Phelps is a be-medaled swimmer.
63. Peoples Republic of China is a communist state. Chan Hu-Pei is a Chinese.
55. i. Treasury bills have an interest rate of 8.75% per annum. Therefore:
ii. Savings accounts have an interest rate of only 2% per annum. a. China is just like Russia. c. Chan lives in a communist country
iii. Treasury bills used to have 9-10% interest rates per annum. Therefore it is b. Chan is a communist d. None of the above
better to invest in Treasury bills than just to put your money in regular savings
account. 64. All cute girls have pretty faces. Margie has a pretty face. Therefore:
a. definitely true c. most likely false a. Only cute girls have pretty faces c. Margie is a cute girl
b. most likely true d. definitely false b. Margie is a very young girl d. None of the above

56. Without hardly a moments delay, the computer began to print out the answer 65. All tennis players own a tennis racquet. Josef is a tennis player. Therefore:
a b c d a. Tennis players also own tennis balls. c. Tennis players play on tennis courts
to the problem. No error. b. Josef owns a tennis racquet d. Josef is a be-medalled athelete
e
57. Diligence and honesty, as well as being intelligent are qualities I look for when 66. i. Liver is the largest organ in the human body.
a b c d ii. Healthy liver has reddish brown color and soft, spongy texture
I interview applicants. No error. iii. It manufactures protein, regulates blood clotting, produces bile and destroys
e toxins
iv. It also cleanses blood and discharges waste products, helps the body resist
58. Writing a beautiful sonnet is as much as achievement as to finish a 50-page infection, regenerates its own damaged tissues and stores iron.
a b c d Therefore, the liver is a sensitive organ.
a. definitely true b. most likely true c. most likely false d. definitely false
5. He is more concerned with mundane matters like the movement of stock market.
67. i. Almost a billion people in the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition. 1. simple 3. worldly 5. economic
ii. Severely malnourished people are unable to function at even basic level. 2. financial 4. investments
iii. Often it takes just a few simple resources for impoverished people to grow
enough food to become self-sufficient.
iv. Many hunger experts believe that the best way to reduce hunger and 6. Do not be so dogmatic about the statement; it can be easily refuted.
malnutrition is through education. 1. arbitrary 3. disagreeing 5. whimsical
v. Educated people are best able to break out of poverty that causes hunger. 2. religious 4. technical
Therefore, malnutrition is high among the illiterates.
a. definitely true b. most likely true c. most likely false d. definitely false 7. The hot, humid weather can enervate even hearty souls.
1. intimidate 3. invigorate 5. weaken
68. After his heart attack, he was ordered to lay in bed and rest for two weeks. No 2. incite 4. impugn
a b c d e
error 8. He was expelled from the club because of his nefarious activities.
1. unsolicited 3. questionable 5. sinister
69. She is the only one of the applicants who are fully qualified for the position. No 2. unauthorized 4. immature
a b c d e
error. 9. His diffidence caused him to miss many opportunities.
1. ignorance 3. timidity 5. indifference
70.. He cant hardly do anything with his right hand ever since he had his stroke. 2. laziness 4. arrogance
a b c d
No error. 10. The recommendation of the wage council is repugnant to the manpower sector.
e 1. anti-labor 3. reasonable 5. objectionable
2. acceptable 4. degrading
PART I. TEST ON CORRECT GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH : VOCABULARY
Direction: Each sentence below has an underlined word or phrase. Choose the word 11. Teresa was frightened by the amorphous mass which had floated in from the sea.
or phrase that is most nearly similar in meaning to the underlined word. 1. shapeless 3. star like 5. rotting
2. solid 4. rock-hard
1. Because of the drugs soporific effect, you should not drive after taking it.
1. inimical 3. noxious 5. poisonous 12. They resent his hypocritical posing as a friend for they know he is interested only
2. poignant 4. sedative on his own advancement.
1. exaggerated 3. deceitful 5. modest
2. Indulgent parents spoil their children by giving in to their every demands and 2. excessive 4. narrow-minded
whims.
1. loving 3. beneficial 5. indecisive 13. Let him drink the juice. It is innocuous and will have no effect.
2. generous 4. yielding 1. incapable 3. harmful 5. toxic
2. non dangerous 4. tasteless
3. The Defense Panel presented its case tot he Jury in a trenchant manner.
1. defensive 3. cautious 5. legalistic 14. Although the artist uses various materials for her artworks, she has the
2. vague 4. dignified predilection for indigenous materials.
1. superiority 3. choice 5. abundance
4. A group of dissident students from the Youth Freedom Movement is believed to 2. foresight 4. preference
be engaged in furtive activities.
1. cause-oriented 3. vicious 5. secret 15. The secret agents in charge of protecting the President tried to be as unobtrusive
2. illegal 4. worthy as possible.
1. novel 3. harsh 5. inconspicuous 26. The Regency Club is perfect for the business traveler in search of privacy,
2. shadowy 4. strict convenience and the eminent level of personalized service.
1. topmost 3. distinguished 5. classy
16. They vowed to remain steadfast in their support of the Groups cause. 2. welcome 4. approximate
1. strong 3. loyal 5. reassuring
2. articulate 4. noble 27. 395 elegantly designed and tacitly furnished guest rooms and suites with
17. The young wrestler struggled to defeat his adversary who is the current Southeast residential ambiance.
Asian Games Champion. 1. sweet 3. penetrating atmosphere 5. architectural
1. opponent 3. colleague 5. enemy 2. cool and relaxing 4. clattered
2. partner 4. mentor
28. Ermita and Malate are known for its bohemian lifestyle and tourist attractions.
18. The father upbraided his children for their extravagance. 1. stylish 3. unconventional 5. complacent
1. advocated 3. scolded 5. punished 2. conventional 4. subdued
2. scorned 4. praised
29. Lorenzo Ruiz refused to renounce his faith even though he knew he would suffer
19. Beng, the Customer Relations Director, responded with alacrity to every martyrdom.
customer request or complaint. 1. announce 3. abandon 5. permeate
1. indignation 3. laxity 5. zeal 2. refute 4. reconcile
2. aggression 4. indifference
30. There is no panacea that will solve our financial difficulty.
20. Health benefits and financial assistance are part of the remuneration that goes 1. cure-all 3. paradox 5. answer
with the position. 2. problem 4. criteria
1. allowances 3. contribution 5. package
2. compensation 4. advantages
PART I. TEST ON CORRECT GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH (New Exercises)
21. News of the surreptitious meeting of the Magdalo Group gradually leaked out to Direction: Choose the best answer from the choices given.
the media.
1. secret 3. constant 5. nightly 1. After 5 stressful and depressing years, Anthony finally quit his job. He ________
2. illegal 4. grand along with his immediate superior for quite some time before he finally decided to
resign.
22. Science is constantly seeking to discover the immutable laws of nature. a. hadnt been getting c. hasnt been getting
1. silent 3. constant 5. varied b. hadnt been doing d. isnt getting
2. unchangeable 4. impenetrable
2. Joseph and Josephus were mischievous children. They __________ tricks on their
23. Elizabeth feigned illness so she could avoid attending the school meetings. teachers which always got them into a lot of trouble.
1. deserved 3. condoned 5. tolerated a. could play b. used to play c. played d. always play
2. escaped 4. pretended
3. If I _______ rich, I would travel a lot to different countries every year.
24. The lawyer was accused of trying to mulct his client of his legacy. a. am b. was c. were d. will be
1. swindle 3. appease 5. destroy
2. avenge 4. suggest 4. Francis, being an entrepreneur, can stay at home, earn lots of money and _____.
a. get to meet a lot of people c. be meeting a lot of people
25. We must face the enemy without trepidation if we are to win the battle. b. meet a lot of people d. to meet a lot of people
1. reservations 3. depravity 5. trauma
2. fear 4. logistics 5. The cooperation between the local Police Force and the PDEA agents resulted to
1 2
the arrest of the suspected drug dealer. No error. 15. The National Heroes Day Celebration reminds us about historical personalities
3 4 5 worth __________.
a. studying b. appreciating c. emulating d. following
6. The study revealed that more than two-thirds of the population are poor. No
1 2 3 4 5 16. Trumpet : Play ::
error. a. Ball : Bounce b. Whistle : Call c. Guitar : Strum d. Book : Read

17. Jockey : Horse ::


7. Carlo has been absent for three days because he is affected of dengue fever. No a. Rider : Motorcycle b. Pilot : Plane c. Driver : Car d. Seaman : Ship
1 2 3 4 5
error. 18. Bird : Feathers ::
a. Pig : Skin b. Snake : Molts c. Fish : Scales d. Person : Clothes
8. I am letting him in ___________ of what you say.
a. irregardless b. with regards c. regardless d. regarding 19. Usurp the powers of the Presidency.
a. Enforce b. Apply c. Exercise d. Use wrongfully
9. We have to listen to our Parents _____________.
a. councel b. counseling c. council d. counsel 20. Under the auspices of a generous businessman.
a. instructions b. influence c. management d. patronage
10. Your personality as well as your intelligence ________ your passport to better
opportunities and success. PART I. TEST ON CORRECT GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH : IDIOMATIC
a. are b. is c. were d. will be EXPRESSION
Direction: Select the meaning of the underlined part of each sentence from the
11. All Biology classes are full. Joseph found a class that was not full. What can you choices given.
conclude from the statement?
a. Not all Biology class are full. 1. She is a vision of feminine pulchritude stands for
b. Joseph did not find all the classes. 1. aggressiveness 3. simplicity 5. talent
c. Joseph found a class that was not Biology. 2. home buddy 4. beauty and poise
d. Joseph did not enroll in any subject.
2. I value a man for the size of his heart can be interpreted as
12. Opportunity makes the Thief. Without thieves, there will be no crimes. Without 1. size of heart determines the length of life
opportunity, there would be no crimes. Which of the following statement below 2. mans kindness is most important
must weaken the statements above? 3. man will perish without a big heart
a. Thieves wait for opportunities. 4. mans love is measured by the size of his heart
b. No crime-No opportunity 5. man should use his mind over his heart
c. Thieves are not the only criminals
d. No criminals, only opportunities. 3. Veronica was excused because all se said were white lies.
1. the lies were really harmless
13. I want to deal with ________ has the sole authority to implement or enforce the 2. she recited the lies in public
Bidding Rules and Procedures. 3. the lies recited were excusable
a. whoever b. whomever c. who d. whom 4. the lies were written to be read by all
5. telling a lie is deplorable
14. The majority of the Board Members ___________ promised to attend the next
Board Meeting scheduled on 2nd Thursday of the month. 4. President Quezon said I prefer a Government ran like hell by Filipinos rather than
a. has b. had been c. have d. had one ran by foreigners. This means that
1. though difficult, Filipinos are preferred to lead
2. foreign leaders are better in governing
3. Filipinos are incapable of administering their own affairs 2. May pera sa basurahan
4. leadership can only be provided by foreigners 3. Ang plastik, gulay at papel ay maaaring pagsamahin
5. Filipinos can never lead their own government 4. Ang plastik, gulay at papel ay pagsamahin

5. George Shaw said, You see things that are and you ask why. But I dream things 5. Nagulat ang mga Amerikano _________ sa Pearl Harbor ng mga Hapon.
that never were and ask why not. Such lines speaks of 1. dumating 3. magsidating
1. clever thinking 3. curiosity 5. differences 2. nagsidating 4. nagsidatingan
2. immortality 5. rich imagination
6. Maraming uri ng Pilipino ngunit katanggap-tanggap ay ang
6. Mrs. Gonzalez is as good as her last triumph. 1. Taglish
1. cannot be good all throughout 3. as nice as ever 5. in serious trouble 2. tuwirang Pilipino sa kabuuang wika
2. cannot be bad 4. boiled down to nothing 3. puno ng salitang hiram
7. After all has been said, the issue was a tempest in a teapot. 4. ayon sa panitikan
1. temperature dropped 3. simmered down 5. finally settled 7. Alin ang kahulugan ng kahiramang suklay?
2. heated argument followed 4. boiled down to nothing 1. kaibigan 3. kalahi
2. kakilala 4. karibal
8. Fast accomplishment can lull the official to complacency.
1. remain inactively satisfied 3. tired 5. put in serious trouble 8. Sa Espiritu ni Bathala ang nangangalaga ay kanilang kalusugan ang
2. sleepy 4. bored ipinapahiwatig ng katangian ay
1. makapangyarihan 3. mabisa
9. Jose does not need a new car, but he traded his old one to keep up with the 2. matalino 4. matulungin
Joneses.
1. to imitate others in extravagance 3. to be responsible 5.independent 9. Pwede mo bang ulitin uli and iyong sinabi? Walang mali.
2. to be envious 4. to please others A B C D E
1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. E
10. She wishes to meet somebody who is off the beaten track.
1.unbelievable 3. at the lowest level 5. forceful 10. May sariling panitikan na tayo ng dumating ang mga Kastila sa Pilipinas.
2. generous 4. unconventional A B C D
Walang Mali.
GRAMMAR AND CORRECT USAGE IN FILIPINO E
A. Direksyon: Piliin ang tamang sagot sa bawat tanong. 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. E

1. Ang saging ____________ ay di magbubunga ng santol. 11. Alin ang babala na dapat sundin ng mga mamamayan?
1. kailanman 3. kaylanman 1. Itapon and basura sa kalye
2. manunulat 4. lamang 2. Bayaran ang buwis para may kita ang pamahalaan
3. Gawin ang paghihiwalay ng basura
2. Siyay isang bulag, ngunit kaya niyang gumuhit ng larawan, Siyay isang _____. 4. Ipagbigay alam sa kinauukulan ang kriminal
1. imbentor 3. dalubhasa
2. manunulat 4. pintor 12. Ang sinuman ay makakabuo ng matibay na lubid kung pagsasama-samahin ang
sinulid. Ang ibig sabihin nito ay:
3. Anong hukuman ang siyang ________ ng mga kaso ng korupsyon. 1. Ang lakas ng tao ay nasa pagkakaisa nila
1. Court of Appeals manglilitis 3. Korte Suprema - maglilitis 2. Nagkakaisa ang mga tao
2. Sandigan Bayan naglilitis 4. Ombudsman tagapaglitis 3. Kailangan magkaisa tayong lahat
4. Magkakaiba ang mga tao kaya hirap magkaisa.
4. Hiwalayin ang natutunaw at di-natutunaw na basura. Ang ibig sabihin nito ay
1. Isang lalagyan para sa lahat 13. Usap-usapan sa mga barangay ang _____________ ng magkaibigang iyan.
1. pagtatampo 3. pakikipagtampuhan 1. pantukoy 3. babala 5. pahiwatig
2. pakikitampo 4. pagtatampuhan 2. pagkukunwari 4. pasasalamat

14. Ano ang ayos ng pangungusap na ito? Kami ang nakikipagsapalaran sa 2. Mikaela, tigilan mo muna ang __________ at kumain ka muna.
lungsod. 1. labahan 3. labahin 5. paglalaba
1. walang paksa 3. karaniwan 2. lalabhin 4. paglaba
2. di-karaniwan 4. walang pandiwa
3. Ikaw naman kasi, hindi ka nag-aral mabuti ng aralin kagabi.
15. Ikinalulungkot ko ang nangyari. Ito ay nagpapahiwatig ng 1. pagkontrol ng kilos ng iba
1. pagluha 3. pagsagot 2. paglikha
2. pagtatanong 4. paghingi ng paumanhin 3. pagbibigay ng impormasyon
4. pagbabahagi ng damdamin
16. Masususing inilarawan ni Francisco ang taglay na kagandahan ng kanyang 5. wastong pananalita
bayan.
1. Masusing naglarawan ni Francisco ang taglay na kagandahan ng kanyang 4. Kami ay sa Davao mag-babakasyon sa darating na buwan. Ano ang ayos ng
bayan. pangungusap?
2. Masusing inilarawan ni Francisco ang taglay na kagandahan ng kanyang bayan. 1. di-karaniwan 3. walang paksa 5. panalaysay
3. Ang kagandahan ng kanyang bayan ay masusing inilarawan ni Francisco. 2. karaniwan 4. walang pandiwa
4. Masusing naglalarawan ni Francisco ang taglay na kagandahan ng kanyang
bayan. 5. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang pinakatamang pangungusap?
1. Isang guro na babaeng anak na bunso ni Jose si Bernice.
17. Kung bayani si Malvar dahil sa siya ang huling sumuko, bayani rin si Abad 2. Isang guro na si Bernice, ang bunsong anak na babae ni Jose.
Santos dahil sa hindi siya sumusuko. 3. Isang guro na bunsong babaeng anak ni Jose si Bernice.
1. Dahil hindi siya sumusuko. 4. Isang guro na si Bernice na bunsong babaeng anak ni Jose.
2. Dahil ayaw niyang sumuko. 5. Bunsong babaeng anak ni Jose na si Bernice ay isa nang guro.
3. Dahil sa hindi siya nagpasuko.
4. Dahil sa hindi siya sumuko. 6. Ang tambal na salitang matang-agila ay may ibig sabihin na?
1. nanlilisik 3. nakakatakot 5. malalaki
18. Ang bango ng mga bulaklak ay humahalimuyak. 2. matalas 4. mapang-akit
1. Ang bango ng mga bulaklak ay humahalimuyak.
2. Ang bango ng mga bulaklak ay napakahalimuyak. 7. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang pinakatamang pangungusap?
3. Ang mga bulaklak ay humahalimuyak. 1. Likas na sa ating mga Filipino ang pagsakay sa dyipni araw-araw.
4. Ang mga bango ng bulaklak ay humahalimuyak. 2. Kakambal na ng ating pagka-Filipino ang araw-araw na pagsakay sa dyipni.
3. Ang pagsakay sa dyip araw-araw ay natural na kaugaliang Filipino.
19. Gabing-gabi ding iyon tumulak patungong Cebu ang barko. 4. Ang ating pagka-Filipino ay kakambal na ang pagsakay-sakay sa dyipni araw-
A B C D araw.
5. Araw-araw na lang sa dyipn sumasakay ang mga Filipino.
20. Ginto ang halaga : napakamahal
1. ginintuan : napakaganda 3. balat sibuyas : mahirap 8. Alin ang pinakmabisang salin ng sumusunod na kasabihan: Law grind the poor
2. pilak na buhok : matatanda 4. hampas ng langit : parusa and the rich men rule the law.
1. Ang batas ay nagpapahirap sa mga aba samantalang ang mayayaman ang
Grammar and Correct Usage in Filipino nagpapatakbo sa batas.
A. Direksyon: Piliin ang tamang sagot sa bawat tanong. 2. Mapalad ang mayayaman sapagkat sila ay makapangyarihan sa mahihirap.
3. Walang pagkapantay-pantay sa ilalim ng batas.
1. Sabihin ang gawa ng pagsasalitang ito: Iwasan ang imburnal, may 4. Ang batas ay ginawa para lalong paghirapan ang mahihirap at pagaanin ang
nagtratrabaho. buhay ng mayayaman.
5. Ang katarungan ay para sa mayayaman lamang.
16. Ang kahulugan ng sanlibutan.
9. Ang karapatan mo, ipaglaban mo. Ano ang ibig sabihin nito? 1. katauhan 3. apostoles
1. ipagtatangol ka ng abogado 2. mga israelita lamang 4. dukha
2. alamin mo ang mga karapatang pantao
3. alamin mo ang mga batas ng bayan 17. Ano ang tinutukoy ng pariralang: tahanang walang hanggan.
4. tawagin ang mga kinauukulan 1. tahanang walang hagdan 3. kaharian ng Diyos
5. hindi lahat ng tao ay may karapatan 2. mundo 4. impierno

10. Ano ang sinasabi ng tagapanguna sa isang pagpupulong upang maghudyat na 18. Sino any may-ari ng kayamanang binabanggit?
wakas na ito? 1. ikaw at ako 3. hindi binanggit sa talinghaga
1. Salamat sa inyong pagdalo sa pulong na ito 2. ang pamahalaan 4. ang mayayaman
2. Tapos na. Maari na kayong umuwi.
3. Maari na kayong umalis, tapos na tayo. 19. Saan nararapat gamitin ang kayamanan ng sanlibutan?
4. Dito nagtatapos ang ating pagpupulong. Salamat. 1. pagtulong sa mahihirap na kapwa 3. paghahanapbuhay
5. Maraming Salamat Po. 2. pag-iwas sa buwis 4. pagsuporta sa pamahalaan
20. Ang salitang itoy tumutukoy sa
B. Talasalitaan (Vocabulary in Filipino) 1. Diyos 3. mga pagsisikap
Direksyon: Piliin ang titik ng salitang kasingkahulugan ng salitang may salungguhit 2. kayamanan ng sanlibutan 4. mga mahihirap
sa pangungusap.
D. Kung paanong tayoy walang dala nang sumipot dito sa daigdig, wala rin tayong
11. Ang sentro ng pagdiriwang ng sentenaryo ay sa Kawit, Cavite madadala pagpanaw natin. (mangangaral 5:15)
1. ika-10 taon 3. ika-20 taon
2. ikasandaangtaon 4. panghabang panahon 21. Kailan tayo sumipot sa daigdig?
1. sa agsikat ng araw 3. sa ating pagsilang
12. ang salungkawit ay gawa ng panday. 2. sa paglubog ng araw 4. sa ating pagpanaw
1. itak 3. basket
2. tali 4. sungkit 22. Paano tayo ipinanganak?
1. mayroon ng kayamanan 3. masagana
13. Si Ginoong Pepe ay nagbigay ng salawsaw. 2. walang saplot, walang yaman 4. mahirap
1. galak 3. salapi
2. gulo 4. lungkot 23. Paano naman tayo mamamatay?
1. gaya ng tayoy isinilang 3. marangya
14. Kailangan ang luop para hindi lumaganap ang dengue. 2. masagana 4. walang binanggit
1. lason 3. lamok
2. ineksyon 4. suob 24. Alin ang pinakatamang pahayag?
1. Tiningnan niya ang langit 3. Sinulyapan niya ang langit
15. Nakatulog si ama dahil sa himingting ng kapaligiran. 2. Tiningala niya ang langit 4. Tinitingnan niya ang langit
1. katahimikan 3. kapaguran
2. kaingayan 4. lakas ng hangin 25. Ano ang mensahe ng sumusunod na pahayag? Bunsod ng globalisasyon,
kontraktwalisasyon at pagsasa-pribado ng mga ari-arian ng gobyerno.
C. Ang mga sumusunod na pagsasanay ay may kinalaman sa aral mula sa 1. paubos na ang pambansang ari-arian
Bibliya: Piliin ang tamang sagot. 2. Pamamayaning Kapitalista
3. walang permanente sa trabaho
Gamitin ninyo sa pakikipagkaibigan ang kayamanan ng sanlibutang ito. Maubos 4. kailangang maging kompitent sa paggawa
man itoy may tatanggap naman sa inyo sa tahanang walang hanggan. (Luk. 16:9)
26. Kailangan ng nanay ang suka. Inutusan niya ang anak na si Jose. Jose ______ 6. Bouquet : flower :: Link : ____________
ka nga ng suka sa tindahan ni Aling Bining. 1. chain 3. bones 5. connection
1. bumili 2. pabili 3. magbili 4. magpabili 2. body 4. muscles

27. Karamihang sa sulat-kamay ng mga mag-aaral ngayon ay mapapangit. 7. Asylum : refugee :: Traveler : __________
1 2 3 4 1. rest 3. enjoyment 5. tourist
1. 4 2. 3 3. 2 4. 1 2. destination 4. adventure

28. Masusing _________ huwes ang nasasakdal nang kami ay dumating. 8. Worried : hysterical :: Happy : __________
1. tanungan 2. tinanong 3. pinagtatanong 4. tinatanong 1. serious 3. problematic 5. loyal
2. ecstatic 4. depressed
29. Kailangang _________ natin ang ating sariling wika.
1. pamalakihin 2. ipagmalaki 3. pagmamalakihin 4. ipagmalaki 9. Decision : consideration :: Wish : __________
1. request 3. charity 5. conference
30. Laging umuukilkil sa isipan ng ama ang nasirang pangako ng anak. 2. fulfillment 4. plea
1. sumasapi 2. bumubuhay 3. sumasagi 4. gumugulo
10. Myth : story :: Bonnet : __________
PART I. TEST ON VERBAL ABILITIES 1. hat 3. dress 5. accessory
Verbal Analogy 2. decor 4. design

A. SINGLE-WORD APPROACH: 11. Breeze : tornado :: Trickle : ___________


Directions: Each question below consists of a related pair of words followed by 5 1. stream 3. gusher 5. floe
other words numbered 1,2,3,4, & 5. Select the lettered word that BEST expresses a 2. flame 4. flash
relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair. Write only the number that
corresponds to your answer. 12. Signature : portrait :: Celebrity : ____________
1. autograph 3. article 5. movie star
1. Open : secretive :: Forthright : ____________ 2. photograph 4. film
1. spiteful 3. mask 5. outspoken
2. honest 4. candid 13. Drama : director :: Editor : __________
1. movie 3. magazine 5. principal
2. Negligent : requirement :: Remiss : _________ 2. playwriting 4. editing
1. task 3. position 5. problem
2. duty 4. injury 14. Indifferent : concern :: Arrogant : _________
1. emotion 3. behavior 5. modesty
3. Chairman : gavel :: Conductor : __________ 2. tolerance 4. bravery
1. orchestra 3. baton 5. piano
2. keys 4. bus 15. Examination : cheat :: Politics : ___________
1. principles 3. grandstanding 5. election
4. Funds : embezzled :: Writings : __________ 2. graft 4. addition
1. copyrighted 3. reproduced 5. plagiarized
2. documented 4. published 16. Publication : libel :: Slander : ___________
1. liability 3. crime 5. editorial
5. Taciturnity : laconic :: Improvisation : __________ 2. offense 4. speech
1. practiced 3. unrehearsed 5. impressionable
2. devised 4. amendment 17. Lawyer : client :: Doctor : ___________
1. patient 3. profession 5. hospital
2. prescription 4. medicine 29. Automobile : gasoline :: Man : _________
1. medicine 3. food 5. exercise
18. Mold : die :: Stamp : ___________ 2. life 4. energy
1. form 3. mail 5. envelope
2. cast 4. philately 30. Apt : fore :: Bow : _________
1. hull 3. stern 5, ships bottom
19. Master : servant :: Monarch : __________ 2. deck 4. arrow
1. subject 3. government 5. follower
2. kingship 4. labor B. PAIRED-ANALOGY APPROACH:

20. Heart : pump :: Stomach : __________ 31. Electrician : pliers :: __________ : ___________
1. digestive system 3. intestine 5. appendix 1. journalist : typewriter 4. poet : surgeon
2. digest 4. food 2. carpenter : lumber 5. surgeon : operation
3. plumber : pipe
21. Connoisseur : painting :: Viands : _________
1. food 3. gourmand 5. chef 32. Seer : prophecy :: __________ : __________
2. appetizer 4. critic 1. judge : verdict 4. poet : beauty
2. architect : design 5. teacher : student
22. Story : building :: Stanza : ________ 3. carpenter : house
1. rhyme 3. construction 5. poem
2. floor 4. prose 33. Virtuoso : experienced :: _________ : _________
1. philosopher : nature 4. evildoer : repentant
23. Novelist : plot :: Architect : ___________ 2. rogue : knavish 5. technocrat : politics
1. design 3. blueprint 5. construction 3. democrat : dictatorial
2. profession 4. building
34. Stage : actor :: __________ : __________
24. Airplane : hangar :: Automobile : ___________ 1. quarry : sculptor 4. rink : skater
1. port 3. garage 5. showroom 2. baton : conductor 5. radio : announcer
2. pad 4. auto shop 3. safe : banker

25. Ship : channel :: Jet : ___________ 35. ________ is to insects as toxicology is to ___________.
1. airport 3. runway 5. take-off 1. entomology : poisons 4. etymology : toxicity
2. hangar 4. aircraft carrier 2. phraseology : behavior 5. biology : chemistry
3. ichthyology : dinosaurs
26. Heat : thermometer :: Radiation : ___________
1. Geiger counter 3. barometer 5. light 36. Caution is to _________ as radar is to _________.
2. seismograph 4. waves 1. carelessness : war 4. protection : direction
2. worry : disaster 5. accident : collision
27. Ostracism : censure :: Approval : ___________ 3. sanitation : tracking
1. disapprove 3. reject 5. accept
2. applause 4. negate 37. Island : archipelago :: __________ : ___________
1. team : player 4. multitude : horde
28. Mentor : counsel :: Bodyguard : __________ 2. sphere: hemisphere 5. peninsula : continent
1. teacher 3. guardian 5. lawyer 3. star : galaxy
2. safety 4. protection
38. ___________ : organization :: __________ : army
1. merger : assembly 4. resignation : integration 2. intractable : stubborn 5. exhausted : weary
2. disband : demobilize 5. employee : officer 3. quiet : noisy
3. discharge : dismissal
48. cobber : shoes :: __________ : ____________
39. _________ is to votes as census is to __________ 1. painter : easel 4. mechanic : automotive
1. tally : population 4. votes : workers 2. saw : carpenter 5. plans : architect
2. election : statistics 5. hospital : patients 3. judge : verdict
3. Comelec : DepEd
49. quart is to ________ as minute is to __________.
40. Armory : weapons :: __________ : ___________ 1. pint : second 4. volume : hour
1. penitentiary : warden 4. warehouse : merchandise 2. liter : time 5. millennium : length of time
2. courthouse : laws 5. hospital : patients 3. gallon : 60 mins.
3. banks : mortgages
50. horse : foal :: _________ : ___________
41. Skin : tissue :: ____________ : ___________ 1. cock : game 4. carabao : calf
1. envelope : letter 4. swatch : cloth 2. duck : gander 5. cat : feline
2. chisel : stone 5. ream : paper 3. cow : tether
5. cord : wood
51. Wheat : grain :: __________ : __________
42. _________ is to tooth as __________ is to stump 1. beef : cow 4. coconut : palm
1. decay : dry 4. fill : plant 2. lime : orange 5. hamburger : bun
2. extract : uproot 5. enamel : cork 3. carrot : vegetable
3. pull : push 52. Possible : probable :: _________ : ____________
1. likely : unlikely 4. quick : fast
43. _________ is to letter as deck is to ________ 2. best : better 5. rest : stir
1. message : ship 4. envelope : ship 3. willing : eager
2. preface : bow 5. mail : distance
3. alphabet : cards 53. Degrees : ramble :: __________ : __________
1. muffle : stifle 4. rest : stir
44. Pulverize : dust :: _________ : ___________ 2. rust : weld 5. find : explain
1. petrify : coal 4. permeate : odor 3. introduce : conclude
2. solidify : fluid 5. vaporize : mist
3. analyze : solution 54. Mauve : color :: ______ :______
1. salt : sugar 4. rainbow : blue
45. Basement : attic :: _________ : __________ 2. basil : spice 5. brown : tan
1. baseball : football 4. roof : galvanized iron 3. light : dark
2. root : crown 5. dungeon : shelter
3. garage : house 55. Ship : disembark :: ____________ : ____________
1. horse : dismount 4. navy : discharge
46. Water : bucket :: _________ : __________ 2. train : onboard 5. clock : alarm
1. acorn : tree 4. grain : silo 3. intern : jail
2. seed : cob 5. fruits : grocery
3. doctor : profession 56. Stable : horse :: _____________ : _____________
1. sty : pig 4. swarm : bees
47. amusing : uproarious :: _________ : __________ 2. pond : duck 5. zoo : lioness
1. petty : narrow-minded 4. puzzling : dumb-founded 3. school : fish
57. Bat : bird :: __________ : __________ 6. PEA is to POD as NUT is to _____________.
1. collie : dog 4. crocodile : alligator 1. fruit 3. acorn 5. oil
2. fly : insect 5. dolphin : shark 2. hard 4. shell
3. whale : fish
7. AIRPLANE is to HANGAR as AUTOMOBILE is to ______________.
58. Radius : circle :: _____________ : ___________ 1. vehicle 3. transportation 5. garage
1. cord : circumference 4. tire : thread 2. gasoline 4. showroom
2. latitude : earth 5. spoke : wheel
3. bisector : angle 8. SPINE is to CACTUS as QUILL is to ____________.
1. pillow case 3. furnishing 5. writing pen
59. Wheel : car :: ______________ : _____________ 2. porcupine 4. protection
1. motor : truck 4. wing : plane
2. oar : boat 5. rudder : ship 9. TITANIC is to LILIPUTIAN as OCEANIC is to ___________.
3. kite : string 1. microscopic 3. blue waters 5. aquatic
2. bottomless 4. huge
60. Decibel : sound :: ____________ : __________
1. calorie : weight 4. color : light 10. KAINGIN is to SOIL EROSION as CONTOUR FARMING is to ___________.
2. temperature : weather 5. area : distance 1. water distribution 3. crop propagation 5. soil preservation
3. volt : electricity 2. wind erosion4. soil technology

11. IRREFUTABLE is to DISPROVED as IRREPARABLE is to ______________.


1. restored 3. possible 5. beyond repair
C. Direction : Determine the relationship of the first word to the second word in 2. inevitable 4. limited
capital letters. From among the suggested answers, choose the word or group of 12. FORE is to APT as BOW is to _________________.
words that best expresses a similar relationship to the third word in capital letters. 1. paddle 3. tie 5. arrow
2. stern 4. deck
1. MUSEUM is to EXHIBIT as THEATER is to _________________.
1. cell 3. sculptor 5. performance 13. PHOTOGRAPHER is to PICTURE as CARTOGRAPHER is to ____________.
2. stage 4. Arts 1. map 3. plans 5. animation
2. design 4. graph
2. SNOW is to DRIFT as SAND is to ________________.
1. gravel 3. dune 5. grains 14. TIRADE is to ABUSIVE as EULOGY is to ____________.
2. mud 4. sandstorm 1. laudatory 3. applause 5. mourning
2. belittling 4. biography
3. BASEMENT is to ATTIC as ROOT is to ________________.
1. tree top 3. underground 5. foundation 15. PERJURY is to LIE as LARCENCY is to ____________.
2. crown 4. foliage 1. conspire 3. steal 5. injure
2. harm 4. confess
4. GRAIN is to SILO as WATER is to _____________.
1. liquid 3. bucket 5. flow 16. OPTICS is to PHYSICS as DIALECTICS is to _________________.
2. underground 4. power 1. debate 3. communication 5. dialogue
2. logic 4. grammar
5. SHRUG is to INDIFFERENCE as NOD is to ____________.
1. head 3. approval 5. movement 17. RUMMAGE is to DISORDER as TENDERFOOT is to _____________.
2. desire 4. dissent 1. rookie 3. student 5. sibling
2. expert 4. apprentice 2. Many politicians are now trying to take uncontroversial positions on issues; the
purpose being to allow them to appeal to as wide a segment of the voting population
18. COMPASS is to DIRECTION as CALIPER is to _______________. as possible.
1. speed 3. diameter 5. volume 1. issues; the purpose being to allow them to appeal
2. altitude 4. tone 2. issues in order to appeal
3. issues, the purpose is to allow them to appeal
19. TANNING is to LEATHER as BREWING is to _______________. 4. issues and the purpose is to allow them to appeal
1. wine 3. stew 5. beer 5. issues; that was allowing them to appeal
2. concoctions 4. brew
3. Play being recognized as an important factor in improving mental and physical
20. _____________ is to METAMORPHOSIS as CATHARSIS is to ___________. health and thereby reducing human misery and poverty.
1. condition-chapter 3. cause-result 5. state-result 1. Play being recognized as
2. change-purification 4. process-stage 2. By recognizing play as
3. Their recognizing play as
21. SWORD is to _________ as PISTOL is to ____________. 4. Recognition of it being
1. sheath-shot 3.scabbard-holster 5.blade-trigger 5. Play is recognized as
2. handle-bullet 4. knife-barrel
4. However many mistakes have been made in our past, the Filipino traditions, not
22. ___________ is to SCHOOL as ____________ is to CONSTELLATION. only the champion of freedom but also bravery, still lives among millions who can
1. student-astronomy 3. lesson-study 5. principal-astronomist see light and hope scarcely anywhere else.
2. secondary-Orion 4. fish-star 1. not only the champion of freedom but also bravery
2. the champion of not only freedom but also of bravery
23. ___________ is to LATE as AUTHENTIC is to ______________. 3. the champion not only of freedom but also of bravery
1. afternoon-copycat 3. prompt-genuine 5. punctual-counterfeit 4. not only the champion but also freedom and bravery
2. diligent-original 4. tardy-replica 5. not the champion of freedom only, but also bravery
24. PAPER is to ______________ as SILK is to _______________.
1. ink-cloth 3. roll-cocoon 5. tree-silkworm 5. Elma is as fast as, if not faster than, anyone in her track and field batch should be
2. print-spin 4. pulp-thread on the National Team.
1. as fast as, if not faster than, anyone
25. COMPOSER is to _____________ as POET is to _____________. 2. as fast as, if not fast than, anyone else
1. song-lyrics 3. orchestra-recital 5. gala-drama 3. as fast, if not more fast than, anyone
2. keys-rhymes 4. symphony-sonnet 4. as fast as, if not faster than, anyone else
5. as swift as, if not faster than, anyone
ENGLISH: GRAMMAR AND CORRECT USAGE
Direction: Below you will find groups of sentences. Select which one in each group 6. Except for you and I, everyone brought a present to the party.
is preferable with respect to grammar and correct usage. 1. Except for you and I, everyone brought
2. With exception of you and I, everyone brought
1. The child is neither encouraged to be critical or to examine all the evidence before 3. Except for you and I, everyone had brought
forming an opinion. 4. Except for you and me, everyone brought
1. neither encouraged to be critical or to examine 5. Except for you and me, everyone had brought
2. neither encouraged to be critical nor to examine
3. either encouraged to be critical or to examine 7. The reason I cam late to office today is because the car broke down.
4. encouraged either to be critical nor to examine 1. I cam late to office today is because
5. not encouraged either to be critical or to examine 2. why I came late to office today is because
3. I was late to office today is because
4. that I was late to office today is because
5. I came late to office today is that
14. Most students like to read these kind of books during their break time.
8. When the war is over, no nation will either be isolated in war or peace. 1. these kind of books
1. either be isolated in war or peace 2. these kind of book
2. be either isolated in war or peace 3. this kind of book
3. be isolated in neither war nor peace 4. this kinds of book
4. be isolated either in war or in peace 5. those kind of books
5. be isolated neither in war or peace
15. It is not for you to assume responsibility, it is, rather, me who is the guilty person
9. The supermarket owner hadnt hardly any of those kind of canned goods. in this matter.
1. hadnt hardly any of those kind 1. me who is
2. hadnt hardly any of those kinds 2. me who am
3. had hardly any of those kind 3. I who is
4. had hardly any of those kinds 4. I who are
5. had scarcely any of those kind 5. I who am

10. Irregardless of the outcome of the competition, our schools will remain staunchly 16. The Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights, is so named because it is a light
allies. display that takes place in the northern skies.
1. Irregardless of the outcome 1. because it is a light display that takes place
2. Regardless of how the outcome 2. as a light display taking place
3. With regard to the outcome 3. because of taking place
4. Regardless of the outcome 4. due to the fact that it is a light display
5. Disregarding the outcome 5. contrary to the fact of taking place

11. She was told to give the award to whomever she thought had contributed most to 17. The giving of foreign aid is a tool of national policy, the hoped-for return is often
the welfare of the student organization. indirect and long-term.
1. to whomever she thought 1. policy, the hoped-for return is often indirect and long-term
2. to whoever she thought 2. policy, however the hoped-for return is often indirect and long-term.
3. to the senior whom she thought 3. policy, though the hoped-for return is often indirect and long term.
4. to whomsoever 4. policy, albeit the hoped-for return is often indirect and long term.
5. to him whom she thought 5. policy, despite the hoped-for return is often indirect and long term.

12. Senator Josef is one of the legislators who are going to discuss the budget in the 18. The difference between the candidates is that one is radical, the other,
Upper Chamber. conservative.
1. one of the legislators who are going 1. one is radical; the other, conservative.
2. one of the legislators who is going 2. one is radical; the other being conservative.
3. one of the legislators who has gone 3. while one is radical; the other, conservative.
4. the legislator who is going 4. one is radical; the other, is conservative.
5. the legislator who has gone 5. one is radical, although the other is more conservative.

13. she not only was competent but also friendly in nature. 19. Many middle class individuals find that they cannot obtain good medical
1. She not only was competent but also friendly attention, despite they need it badly.
2. She not was only competent but friendly also 1. despite they need it badly.
3. She not only was competent but friendly also 2. despite their bad need of it.
4. She was not only competent but also friendly 3. in spite of they need it badly.
5. She was not only competent but friendly also 4. however, much they need it.
5. therefore, they need it badly.
ENGLISH: GRAMMAR AND CORRECT USAGE
20. If I would have known about the traffic jam at the area, I would have taken an Direction: The sentences below contain errors in idioms, grammar, word choice,
alternate route. English Usage, etc. You are to detect such error by writing the letters of the part of
1. If I would have known about the sentence where the mistake is found.
2. If I could have known about
3. If I would of known about 1. Take note of the immediate affect this drug has on the behavior of the hamsters
4. If I was aware of A B C D
5. Had I known about in the cage. No error.
E
21. Using it wisely, leisure promotes health, efficiency and happiness.
1. Using it wisely, 2. Do not be irritated by his bad manners; he is merely trying to attract attention.
2. If used wisely, A B C D
3. Having used it wisely, No error.
4. Because it is used wisely, E
5. Because of usefulness,
3. This scholarship should be awarded to whomever best meets the requirements.
22. Neither the earthquake or the subsequent fire was able to destroy the spirit of the A B C D
populace. No error.
1. or the subsequent fire was E
2. nor the subsequent fire were
3. or the subsequent fire were 4. I fail to understand why you are seeking my council after you ignored my advice
4. nor the subsequent fire was A B C D
5. or the fire that occurred subsequently were last week. No error.
E
23. Of the two candidates for this government position, Jose Maria is the most
qualified because of his experience in the field. 5. Ours is a critical period; we are confronted with grave problems which must be
1. most qualified because of A B C
2. most qualified due to solved if we are to avert a tragedy. No error.
3. more qualified due to D E
4. more qualified because of
5. most qualified as a result of 6. More than sixty percent of this project still has to be completed. I am afraid that
A B C
24. He has not only violated the law, but also he has escaped punishment. we shall have to work overtime tonight. No error.
1. not only violated the law, but also he has escaped punishment. D E
2. violated not only the law, but also he has escaped punishment.
3. violated not only the law, but he has escaped punishment also. 7. Alfredo usually eats a quick lunch, regardless of whether what he eats is healthy
4. not only violated the law, but also escaped punishment. A B C D
5. not only violated the law, but has escaped punishment. or not. No error.
E
25. She seldom ever wants to try and face the true facts.
1. seldom ever wants to try and face the true facts. 8. If I were you, I would never permit them to take part in such an exhausting
2. seldom ever wants to try and face the facts. A B C D
3. seldom ever wants to try to face the facts. activity. No error.
4. seldom wants to try and face the facts. E
5. seldom wants to try to face the facts.
9. The reason for my long absence from class was because I was sick for almost A B C D
A B C D Finals of the National Quiz Bee Competition. No error.
three weeks. No error. E
E
19. Neither Edgardo nor Vincent handed in their courtesy resignation arising from
10. I will always remember you standing by me and offering me pieces of advice A B C D
A B C D the anomalies in the organization. No error.
and encouragements. No error. E
E
20. Was it they who were involved in the recent violent dispersal of the rallies at
11. Although I am playing golf for more than 4 years now, I cannot manage to A B C D
A B C D the Government Center? No error.
break a 90. No error. E
E
Part B:
12. Between twenty and thirty students are willing to volunteer; the rest are not
A B C 1. Because of high interest rate on installment schemes, it is advisable to pay
planning to participate in the activity. No error. A B C D
D E things in cash. No error.
E
13. He is not the kind of person who accepts such challenge negatively, he is
A B C 2. The man who is laying in the pavement needs immediate medical attention.
certain to seek competition. No error. A B C D
D E No error.
E
14. Although Jake is in this country for only two years, he talks like he has lived
A B C D 3. Neither Jose or Mark handed in his resignation letter yesterday. No error.
A B C D E
here for 10 years. No error.
E 4. More experimental data is required before we can accept the theory. No error.
A B C D E
15. Even if you go shopping late, will you please bring this note to the stores
A B C D 5. Choosing between you and she is very difficult; both of you are qualified.
A B C D
manager? No error. No error.
E E

16. We were already to leave for the educational trip to Laguna when the bus 6. It is not you who are at fault: rather, it is I am is to blame. No error.
A A B C D E
broke down. We were forced to postpone the trip. No error.
B C D E 7. Since you do not participate in any of the clubs activities, I must conclude that
A B D
17. He is the writer whom I believe is most likely to receive the honor. No error. you are disinterested. No error.
A B C D E D E

18. No one but he knew which questions were going to be given on the Grand 8. She reported to the police that a large quantity of clothing and of jewelry
A B C 18. The nation admired the volunteers many attempts bravely to deliver the relief
were missing. No error. A B C D
D E goods to the victims of flashfloods. No error.
E
9. Neither the editor nor the Circulation Manager were satisfied with the salary 19. After raining continuously for five days, Quezon province suffered massive
A B C A B C
increase offered by the management. No error. landslides and killer flashfloods. No error.
D E D E

10. In the rush to get to the executive meeting, one of the directors forgot their 20. It was reported in the news that the identities of them to be called as witnesses
A B C D A B C
documents. No error. on illegal logging would be released next week by the Court. No error.
E D E

11. The principal of equality is pillar of democracy; this is not true of other forms ENGLISH: GRAMMAR AND CORRECT USAGE
A B C D A. Sentence Completion
of Government. No error. Each sentence below has two blanks, each blank indicating that a word has
E been omitted. Beneath the sentence are five numbered sets of words.

12. The Lieutenant report to his officer regularly every day. No error. Direction: choose the set of words best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
A B C D E
1. It is __________ to try to destroy pest completely with pesticides, for as each new
13. It is not your fault; rather, it is I who is to blame. No error. chemical pesticide is introduced to the pests, gradually become ____________ to it.
A B C D E 1. useless-----drawn 2. pointless-----vulnerable
3. futile-----resistant 4. wicked-----indifferent
14. Mr. Espiritus decision to retire came as a shock to all who respected his ability. 5. worthwhile-----immune
A B C D
No error. 2. The usual solution proposed for the chronic __________ of affordable housing in
E the Philippines is to build new houses often with government subsidies to
_____________.
15. In all my years as a researcher, I have never encountered an individual such as 1. scarcity-----conceal 2. deterioration-----repair
A B 3. excess-----eliminate 4. undersupply-----augment
5. shortage-----reduce
he; he definitely is most hardworking. No error.
C D E 3. The famous Dr. C. Drews technique for preserving and soring blood plasma for
emergency use proved so _________ that it became the _____________ for the
16. We must regard any statement about this controversy, whatever the source, as present blood bank system by Red Cross.
A B C 1. irrelevant-----inspiration 2. urgent-----pattern
hearsay, until they are confirmed. No error. 3. effective-----model 4. innocuous-----excuse
D E 5. complex------blueprint

17. Much more experimental data are required before we can except that the 4. Because they did not accept his basic ___________ they were _____________ by
A B C D his argument.
theory is conclusive. No error. 1. assumption-----convinced 2. motivation-----confused
E 3. bias-----impressed 4. premise-----unconvinced
5. supposition-----justified
3. contradictory-----disconcerted 4. misguided-----solicitous
5. Pain is the bodys early warning system: loss of ___________ in the extremities 5. choosy-----discerning
leaves a person ____________ injuring himself unwittingly.
1. agony-----incapable 2. sensation-----vulnerable to 13. Reubens interest was focused on _____________ the division between theory
3. consciousness-----desirous of 4. feeling-----habituated to and empiricism; he was convinced that a _____________ of philosophy and applied
5. movement-----prone to science was possible and necessary.
1. eliminating-----synthesis 2. maintaining-----restoration
6. It is ironic that the ___________ insights of the great thinkers are voiced so often 3. crossing-----stabilization 4. ignoring-----duplicity
that they have become mere ____________. 5. denying-----delineation
1. original-----clichs 2. banal-----beliefs
3. dubious-----habits 4. Philosophical-----questions 14. Thanks to his eloquence and logic, Reuben spoke _____________ and made it
5. abstract-----ideas difficult to his bitterest opponents to _______________ his opinions.
1. monotonously-----clash with 2. charmingly-----yield to
7. Since many disadvantaged individuals view their situation as _______________ 3. tediously-----contend with 4. abhorrently-----concede to
well as intolerable, their attitudes are best described as ______________. 5. persuasively-----disagree with
1. squalid-----obscure 2. unpleasant-----bellicose
3. acute-----sanguine 4. immutable-----resigned 15. This well-documented part of history of Filipino Artistry is of importance
5. political-----perplexed because it carefully ___________ the ____________ accomplishments of Filipino
artists who are all too little known the public at large.
8. Certain animal behaviors, such as mating rituals, seem to be _______________, 1. recognizes-----negligible 2. overlooks-----purported
and therefore, ___________ external factors such as climate changes, food supply or 3. scrutinizes-----illusory 4. distorts-----noteworthy
presence of other animals of the same species. 5. substantiates-----considerable
1. learned-----immune to 2. innate-----unaffected by
3. intricate-----belong to 4. specific-----confused with 16. Surrounded by their enemies and unable to _____________ their supplies, the
5. memorized-----controlled by defenders of the city feared their food would soon be _____________.
1. replenish-----exhausted 2. consume-----hoarded
9. As a person who combines care with _______________. Ruth completed her 3. replace-----obtainable 4. estimate-----superfluous
duties with ____________ as well as zeal. 5. protect-----rationed
1. levity-----resignation 2. geniality-----ardor
3. vitality-----willingness 4. empathy-----rigor 17. As environmentalists recently _____________ in studying the effects of natural
5. enthusiasm-----meticulousness cause forest fires, some phenomena that appeared on the surface to be destructive,
often have a hidden ____________ effect on the balance of nature.
10. Although bound to ________________ the law, a judge is free to use his 1. disproved-----beneficial 2. uncovered-----positive
discretion to ____________ the anachronistic harshness of some criminal penalties. 3. hypothesized-----catastrophic 4. disclosed-----environmental
1. impose-----mitigate 2. exercise-----understand 5. determined-----disastrous
3. support-----condone 4. initiate-----lighten
5. enforce-----lower 18. The members of the Anti-Graft and Corruption League vowed to
_____________ all traces of ___________ between private citizens and those in
11. The scientific community was _____________ when a living specimen of a government service.
bacteria, long thought to be ____________, was discovered by a scientist. 1. exterminate-----controversy 2. instigate-----contact
1. perplexed-----common 2. overjoyed-----dangerous 3. abhor-----animosity 4. eradicate-----collusion
3. unconcerned-----local 4. astounded-----extinct 5. impound-----ties

12. Although at times, Ruth could not be disagreeable and even ____________, more 19. Rosalinda kept her late parents heirlooms, not for any ______________ value it
often than not, she was the most ____________ person you could hope to meet. had but for purely _____________ reasons.
1. contentious-----amiable 2. disgruntled-----confused 1. potential-----monetary 2. ornamental-----aesthetic
3. financial-----pecuniary 4. intrinsic-----sentimental
5. personal-----accidental 1. The failed July 27, 2003 mutiny was believed by many as a plan by the Magdalo
Group as an attempt to stage a take-over of government. It was viewed as a desperate
20. Because our supply of fossil fuel like coal has been sadly ____________, we attempt by the mutineers who were supported by influential and politically motivated
must find _____________ sources of energy. men who financed the mutiny, according to the Feliciano Commission. The action
1. exhausted-----efficient 2. depleted-----alternate was found to be unconstitutional as it violates both the Articles of War and the
3. increased-----available 4. compensated-----significant Revised Penal Code. Such act can lead to either Court Martial or Civilian
5. stored-----hoarded proceedings or even both.

21. Because Noel was ______________ in the performance of his duties, his The best title for the above article is:
employees could not ___________ his work.
1. derelict-----quarrel over 2. dilatory-----grumble at 1. Failed Mutiny
3. undisciplined-----object to 4. assiduous-----complain about 2. Illegal Soldiers Uprising
5. mandatory-----count on 3. Coup d etat
4. Articles of War and Punishment
22. The _____________ pack of wolves __________ the herd of cattle in their
relentless search a stray calf. 2. The importance of breakfast for the young and old cannot be underestimated. No
1. voracious-----stalked 2. mendacious-----pursued hearty meal or snacks can take place of this meal. The word breakfast is coined to
3. meandering-----harassed 4. treacherous-----followed break the fasting of from 5-8 hours of sleeping at night time. Studies have shown that
5. nocturnal-----guided a well-planned breakfast which is eaten assures the well-being of everybody for the
whole days work. Nutritionists conclude that children who start the day, eating the
23. It is said that the tradition of shaking hands originated when our ancestors held right food at breakfast, perform much better with school work. This holds true with
out their hands to show that they had no ______________ weapons and were thus adults as regards their performance in their work place. Even to those who watch
___________ disposed. their diet, a good breakfast cannery will substitute for succeeding heavy snacks and
1. lethal-----clearly 2. concealed-----amicably meals throughout the day. Hence, the adage: Eat breakfast like a king, eat lunch and
3. hidden-----harmfully 4. murderous-----ill dinner like a pauper.
5. secret-----finally
The above selection supports the idea:
24. The number of Philippine Eagles has ____________ because the encroachments
of humans on their habitat have caused them to _______________ their breeding 1. That breakfast has to be expensive.
places. 2. That breakfast should be well-eaten.
1. multiplied-----endure 2. expanded-----alter 3. That breakfast must be well-prepared and more importantly, be eaten
3. increased-----migrate from 4. diminished-----protect before starting the day.
5. dwindled-----shun 4. That breakfast is the right meal for the day.

25. Despite the Archery team members resentment of the new coachs training 3. The Roll on Roll off (RoRo) is also known as the moving bridges, the strong
regiment, they ___________ them as long as he did not ______________ them too Republic Nautical Highway. It serves as bridges, which connects Luzon through
strictly. Visayas and Mindanao, carrying local tourists with their vehicles, loaded in the ship.
1. embraced-----follow 2. condemned-----formulate The RoRo dramatically reduces time and expenses of travel. The prices of
3. questioned-----interpret 4. challenged-----implement commodities from the Visayas and Mindanao to Luzon will surely reduce, and
5. tolerated-----apply inventories and costs of products will be better handled due to the reduced time and
distance of travel realized.
PART 1: READING COMPREHENSION Should advertisement for RoRo be improved to include: contacts regarding
Direction: Each paragraph or quotation below is followed by several statements, one schedules and places of departure to and from Luzon (esp. Manila), the Visayas plus
of which best summarizes the paragraph or quotation. Write the letter of your choice Mindanao, and the cost for loading A/C vans, etc., this more detailed information
on the blank provided after the last exercise.
surely will encourage tourism and production of products in places frequently visited 3. A countrys trade surplus balances its trade deficit with other countries.
and produced respectively. 4. A countrys global trade balance is determined by its demand and
Likewise, a tourism guide or Information Center should be made available to productive capabilities.
guide tourist on how to reach their destination safely, where to go to reasonably
prices inns or hotels and the tourist spots to see in the regions they want to see. 6. Wages refer to the total earnings of a person for doing a certain kind of service in
a given period of time. They are paid on an hourly basis or by the product of a piece
The best title for the selection above would be: rate; hence, the pay rate may be based on time, output, or even a combination of
these two.
1. An alternative way to see the Philippines Best.
2. The RoRo is here! The paragraph states that:
3. More ad is needed for RoRo to succeed.
4. The Highway at Sea. 1. Wages vary
2. Types of wages
4. With the events taking place now-a-days, the Philippines has earned her rightful 3. Services are wage oriented
place in the world, not only in Southeast Asia. The recent visit of US President 4. Combination of wages is better.
George W. Bush, the firm start of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to be the first
Asian leader against terrorism and her initiative, calling on wealthy nations to 7. Necessity is the mother of invention is an old saying which holds water. A new
support maritime regional security at the recently concluded APEC meeting plus the machine, system or a device is created when there is a felt need for it. People will
Philippine election to the powerful United Nations Security Council (highest UN buy it especially if its reasonably priced. Hence, there is a potential market waiting
policy making council) all contribute to making the Philippines a truly pillar of for it. Consequently, more developed countries, spend so much to discover the
democracy. satisfaction of mans insatiable quest for something to answer the felt need of man.
The Philippines peace and socio-economic growth will be realized if the trapos Ironically, inventions are given impetus when the inventor no longer exist. However,
among politicians will work to support, not keep on criticizing or fighting at present, it is gratifying to note that more and more attention is given, especially by
government programs which aim to alleviate conditions to improve our conditions. advanced countries where effects of inventions are focused on the benefits to
humanity.
Why is there a need to support government efforts to be identified with
APEC, U.N. etc. agenda? The paragraph stresses that:

1. Because it will make the Philippines great among Asian. 1. A market demand for a product creates the invention and production of
2. Because it is needed to fight terrorism, improve peace and commerce, the product.
tourism, etc. 2. The product is an important commodity
3. Because it prevents isolation. 3. People need new product for invention
4. Because it is the trend. 4. A new device creates new invention
5. Because our leaders will realize that equity, tolerance, cooperation and
justice are attainable to be able to achieve our own identity among nations. 8. An effective communication takes place when basic skills are present. The first is
called the encoding skills, which are connected with speaking and writing. The other
5. In the world of globalization, the trade between 2 countries need not be balanced skills are listening and reading and are called the decoding skills. Furthermore, the
for each trade partner. Differing demands, productive capabilities and efficiency skill considered the highest form of mental process is reasoning. The absence of the
among countries will cause a specific country to have trade deficit or imbalance with ability to speak and write, listen and read, as well as the ability to think, prevent a
some countries and surplus with other countries. person to communicate effectively.

Which of the following conclusions best summarizes the passage above: The paragraph emphasizes the fact that:

1. A countrys trade will always be in balance even though it incurs a deficit 1. In any communication process, speaker-listener relationship must be
with a single country. stressed.
2. A countrys global trade balance indicates strengths or weakness.
2. Certain communication skills are essential in order to have better
communication of ideas. 12. It is fascinating to observe now people work with lightning speed and with
3. Without the ability to speak and write, listen and read, plus the ability to zealousness when the prospect of vacation is clear. One notices how college students
think through, one cannot communicate effectively. cram toward the end of the semestral work for the final exams and how players in the
hardcourt work for the goal particularly at the last quarter of a game. The same spirit
9. Credit and collection letters are written with the sensitive feeling of customers in is evident when production output in factories is increased especially if the payday
mind. When the customer fails to pay his debt promptly, a simple form of collection falls on a Friday.
letter is written as a simple reminder that payment is overdue. If no response was
received, then a formal one is written, followed by a legal action the threat as the The paragraph attest to the truth that:
final action. 1. Man works hard whenever he is paid well.
2. Man speeds up the completion of a task when a satisfying end is
The paragraph tells: anticipated on.
3. Man can work hard whenever he desires.
1. The need for writing credit and collection letter. 4. Man needs a good vacation once in a while.
2. The customer who fails to remit payments.
3. How and when letters of credit and collection are made. 13. Why do most fathers prefer a son to a daughter for his first-born child? In an
4. How not to be used for non-payment of credits. Informal interview with expectant fathers, most of them contend that a son in the
family will perpetuate his name and will provide a ready substitute for him in case
10. Letters written about remittances, inquiries, replies, requests and something happens. Others consider a son a source of good luck for a couple
acknowledgement of orders, are known as utility letters. Although they are part of starting to have a family. Many more reasons are given to justify partially of parents
the routine in an office, they should be made very clear, specific and in good taste. to boys. But, the root cause of such sex preference is to be attributed to the fact that
Errors made in billing or extra charges made on orders deserve a gracious apology less boys are being born than girls in this world.
and tact.
The paragraph implies that:
The paragraph acknowledges the fact:
1. A father likes a son for first-born child in the family.
1. The utility letters are used for some specific purposes. 2. Daughters are more difficult to take care of than boys
2. That, although by nature a routine matter, utility letter is written for a 3. A father prefers a son to a daughter due to his self-conceited nature.
definite purpose and with clarity, precision and tact. 4. A father likes a son to perpetuate his name.
3. That the office should have a utility letter form.
4. That several classes of letters can make up a utility letter. 14. Teacher and parents may not be aware of it, but classrooms provide hazard to the
lives of young children. Many of the so-called hidden classroom dangers take place
11. People from all walks of life of all age levels show diversified behaviors at in the science laboratories. It was reported by Walter R. Brown in his Hidden
different stages. The very young occupy themselves with play and do activities from Hazards in the Science Laboratory, that over 5,000 injuries to elementary pupils
where they learn initial skills essential for mental, physical, social and emotional have taken place each year in the science laboratories. Teachers thinking that all
growth. The middle-aged group who are at the peak of life, make adjusted behaviors experiments and equipment prescribe in science classes are safe, is cited as the root
to works, to marriage and to parenthood. The senile group, who reaches a tapering cause of such accidents. Hence, the need to establish a safe approach to handling
off period and where life activities are about to finish off, amuse themselves in doing laboratory materials.
things with relaxation and in the company of their age group.
The paragraph implies that:
The paragraph reveals that:
1. Most science laboratories are hazardous due to over-confidence of
1. People have different interests and activities at different stages in life. teachers using untested experiments and materials.
2. People disagree to agree at different life stages. 2. Most classrooms are dangerous nowadays.
3. People are alike in their life characteristics. 3. Most science mentors are safety-conscious in the use of equipment and
4. People are funny creatures. materials.
4. Handling of science equipment and experiments becomes vital in science 2. A person develops a healthy attitude towards life through its constant
teaching. effort to improve ones self.
3. The societys attitude towards life is showcased in its socio-economic
15. Millions of children in many parts of the world do not enjoy much of the basic progress.
necessities of life as others. Every single day, some boys and girls have to do back- 4. Success in life starts from ones dissatisfaction in ones state of affairs.
breaking work only to get little covering for their body, a little food to fill their 5. Society shall only make progress when it commits to pursue better life.
empty stomach and little water to quench their thirst. Neither do these kids have the
time nor energy left over to have a little knowledge of what others get from schools. 3. Ignorance may be an effective stimulus to find new techniques or approaches that
Thanks to the UNICEF, more and more unfortunate kids are now being reached for would make economic development more progressive or more responsive.
the help they long deserve.
The sentence best support the statement that:
This paragraph shows that: 1. Lack of knowledge on economy can also encourage discovery of new
ways or approaches.
1. Millions of children are deprived of their basic needs. 2. From creativity and resourcefulness come new approaches.
2. Millions of children suffer malnutrition and poverty 3. New approaches ensure economic success.
3. The UNICEF is the answer to the sufferings of those millions of children. 4. New techniques and systems bring about change and success.
4. The world is full of suffering children. 5. Ignorance can also lead to discovery of new knowledge.

PART 1: READING COMPREHENSION (NEW EXERCISES) 4. For legislation change social attitudes and values, it must be with adequate
Direction: Each paragraph or quotation below is followed by several statements, one enforcement and machinery. One way to make effect is to educate the people of the
of which best summarizes the paragraph. Choose which among the several choices laws. Otherwise, the laws will remain ineffective and will promote lack of respect for
best express the thought and write the number of your choice on the blank provided. the law.

1. Freedom and human rights without food are like relocating the illegal urban The paragraph best supports the statement that:
settlers in rural areas where economic activities and basic needs are almost to the nil.
The poorest of the poor who live in the shadow of hunger and death from 1. Ignorance of the law does not excuse no one.
malnutrition can never be free men and women. Much of their desire to have 2. People should respect laws because it provides them protection.
freedom, they can only dream of and never enjoy the reality of true freedom. 3. Laws become ineffective when people do not respect or follow them.
4. The effectiveness of laws lies in adequate education of the people about
The paragraph best support the statement that: the laws and their proper enforcement.
5. Laws can change the social attitudes and values of the people if properly
1. The Government have to focus its resources to feed the poorest of the enforced.
poor.
2. A country which cannot feed its people with its resources can never be 5. Education is the solution to the economic ills of the society. Only when education
free. is provided to both urban and rural sectors shall real opportunities be realized. Skills
3. The satisfaction of ones basic needs is a prerequisite to enjoyment of and knowledge should be accorded to all sectors of the society. If opportunities lie
freedom. only on selected sectors, then education will remain in servitude to those sectors.
4. Sovereignty and Independence are marks of freedom.
5. The State should provide jobs and work opportunities to the unemployed. The paragraph that best supports the statement that:

2. For a society to develop, its attitude towards life must be that of having a strong 1. Urban migration results from lack of economic opportunities in rural
faith and confidence in its capacity and ability to improve. areas.
2. Education in rural areas is needed to provide rural economic
The sentence that best support the statement that: opportunities.
3. Education should be for all to uplift economic and social lives.
1. Society cannot progress or develop unless it focuses on its strengths. 4. Education is concentrated on the urban sectors of the society.
5. Education is only for those who want it. 9. People from all walks of life of all age levels show diversified behaviors at
different stages. The very young occupy themselves with play and do activities from
6. No matter how strong and dedicated leaders may be, they must find foundation where they learn initial skills essential for mental, physical, social and emotional
and strength among the people. They may guide, set the tone, dedicate themselves, growth. The middle-aged group who are at the peak of life, make adjusted behaviors
and risk their lives but in the end, national survival lies in the people. On their own, to works, to marriage and to parenthood. The senile group, who reaches a tapering
they can never save the nation. off period and where life activities are about to finish off, amuse themselves in doing
things with relaxation and in the company of their age group.
The paragraph best supports the statement that:
The paragraph reveals that:
1. It is the leader who determines the fate of a nation
2. Good leadership is important to effective public administration 1. People have different interests and activities at different stages in life.
3. Dedication and sense of service enables the leader to guide the people 2. People disagree to agree at different life stages.
4. The people themselves is the carver of their own destiny with the 3. People are alike in their life characteristics.
guidance of a leader 4. People are funny creatures.
5. Peoples strength comes from a dynamic and effective leadership.
10. It is fascinating to observe now people work with lightning speed and with
7. Research and studies in less developed countries are based on the thinking and zealousness when the prospect of vacation is clear. One notices how college students
approach of the developed Western countries. Seldom have they been directed cram toward the end of the semestral work for the final exams and how players in the
towards meeting the real needs and solving real problems of the developing and hardcourt work for the goal particularly at the last quarter of a game. The same spirit
underdeveloped world. is evident when production output in factories is increased especially if the payday
falls on a Friday.
The sentence that best support the statement that:
The paragraph attest to the truth that:
1. Most researches and studies done in developing and underdeveloped 1. Man works hard whenever he is paid well.
countries are missing their real objectives. 2. Man speeds up the completion of a task when a satisfying end is
2. Developed countries offer the best studies and researches for anticipated on.
development. 3. Man can work hard whenever he desires.
3. Researches and studies do have universal application. 4. Man needs a good vacation once in a while.
4. Researches and studies help developing countries achieve developed
status DIRECTIONS: Each item in this section consists of a statement or a passage
5. Underdeveloped and developing countries rely too much on researches followed by several assumptions or several possible conclusions. Determine the best
and studies assumption or best conclusion that can be logically made from the given statement or
passage.
8. In modern economy where globalization is the rule, long range planning and
financial stability is a must. When countries suffer financial crisis, their economy 1. Antonette is probably a pianist. She can really stretch her hands and fingers.
suffer and value of money plunges. It is then very important that countries should Assumption:
maintain a stable financial environment thru prudent fiscal management. 1. Playing the piano helps Antonette stretch her hands and fingers.
2. A long stretch helps pianist reach more keys on the piano.
The sentence that best supports the statement that: 3. Pianists can easily stretch their hands and fingers.
4. Only people with long fingers and big hands can play the piano.
1. Long-range financial planning is essential to economic progress. 5. Stretching makes it easier to play the piano.
2. Financial stability is a hallmark of modern economic progress.
3. Value of money is unpredictable in modern economic society 2. Patricia should not be part of the volleyball team because she does not trust her
4. Economic progress is facilitated by proper control of finances. team mates.
5. Financial stability is affected by lopsided globalization. Assumption:
1. The volleyball team needs Patricia because she plays well.
2. Trust ad camaraderie should be the unifying factor. 2. The government tax the rich people to help the poor people
3. Patricias team mates are not trustworthy 3. Squatter dwellers compete with the poor for the Governments attention
4. Patricia plays better than her team mates. 4. Aling Trining sought the help of the Government.
5. Her team mates are divided. 5. Squatter dwellers like Aling Trining are considered poor people.

3. If you are smart, then why arent you rich? 8. Some managers are not analytical. All managers are ruthless. Benjamin is ruthless.
Assumption: Conclusion:
1. Only the rich are smart 1. All ruthless people are analytical
2. Only the smart are rich 2. Not all analytical managers are ruthless
3. It is smart to become rich 3. Some ruthless managers are not analytical
4. To become rich and smart is difficult 4. Benjamin is a manager but is not analytical
5. All smart people are rich 5. Benjamin is analytical but is not a manager.
4. There are fewer juvenile delinquents in communities where the youth participate
activity in different socio-civic and religious activities and clubs. Barangay ENGLISH: PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION AND ORGANIZATION
Kabataang Buhay has a number of youth clubs. Direction: Determine which may be the best order in which the sentences should be
Conclusion: arranged to result in a well-organized paragraph.
1. Residents of Brgy. Kabataang Buhay work together to prevent juvenile
delinquency. 1. A. Now we shall do everything we can to enforce this law.
2. Brgy. Kabataang buhay has fewer juvenile delinquents than other barangays. B. In the struggle against crime, government and people should join hands
3. Local officials encourage the creation of youth clubs. C. Republic Act 7659, the death penalty law is governments response in law
4. Barangay workers give training in organizing youth clubs against cruelty and heartlessness.
5. The youth in Brgy. Kabataang Buhay belongs to at least two youth clubs. D. The laws main objective is not retribution but reform and rehabilitation of
offenders and would be offenders.
5. All of my friends believe in the sanctity of marriage. Luisa, lives with an E. All countries in the world are presently sieged by violent crime.
officemate in a condominium in Downtown Chicago. She is a new friend.
Conclusion: 1. CEBAD 2. EBCDA 3. CEDAB 4. ACEBD 5. CBEDA
1. Luisa is single, working mom.
2. She is not married yet. 2. A. Indeed, the real test of the pudding is in the eating.
3. She is now separated from her boyfriend of 5 years. B. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is the Republics 14th President.
4. Luisa believes in the sanctity of marriage. C. Her sincerity is being closely scrutinized in her day-to-day actuations.
5. Luisa prefers to live-in D. She emphasized no palakasan, kamag-anak, kaibigan, etc. in running the
affairs of the Presidency.
6. In order to improve our admission process and get better students, we have E. She spelled out her government policies in her State of the Nation Address.
decided to include an interview of the applicant as a criterion aside from an average
test results. 1. ADECB 2. ABECD 3. BEDCA 4. BCDEA 5. BDCEA
Assumption:
1. An interview of the applicants will ensure the students success in school 3. A. Today, Christmas cards come in various make-up form.
2. Current administration procedures are currently inadequate and outmoded. B. They come in pop-out, 3 dimensional form or even personalized.
3. Current admission procedures need to be updated and improved C. Whatever it says and in whatever form it looks, Christmas cards are important
4. Interviewing applicants will be time-consuming and impractical time tested cheerful greeting message to the one who sends and who receives it.
5. Interview of the applicants will draw better students D. Micro marketing of Christmas cars means to simply offer something during the
holiday for cheers!
7. The PNoy Administration helps poor people acquire the basic necessities for a E. Their forms make up for the price at which they are sold.
decent living Aling Trining is a squatter dweller. She gets help from the government.
Assumption: 1. CEBDA 2. CEDBA 3. CABED 4. DECAB 5. ABCDE
1. Squatter dwellers are considered illegal settlers
4. A. Tagaytay is the destination for us who love nature. 1. ACBD 2. DABC 3. BACD 4. DCBA
B. It provides an ideal picnic ground for outdoor lovers. 5. DBAC
C. Unfortunately, the place ends up abused by outdoor lovers who litter the place.
D. Its a place which can be easily reached by a 2-hour drive from Makati City. 9. A. It is a democratizing, equalizing element in a society.
B. A person has the right to have a profession thru education.
1. CDAB 2. ADBC 3. CBDA 4. CABD C. A good university education gives mobility and social status.
5. CADB D. It is a viable means to combat poverty and inequality.

5. A. Talk, read, take time to bring your children to your place of work. 1. ABCD 2. DCBA 3. BADC 4. CBDA
B. Be the role model thru sharing your world with your kids. This provides them 5. DBCA
see the need for education and hard work.
C. Time is the most precious thing parents can give their children. 10. A. Upon conviction, the guilty party is removed from office and the person can
D. Giving children quality time promotes closer family ties. no longer occupy any public office.
B. The House Justice Committee checks for probable cause of the complaints
1. ACBD 2. DABC 3. BACD 4. DCBA against the high official.
5. DBAC C. The Philippine Constitution states that the President, Vice President, the
members of the Supreme Court and the Ombudsman may be removed from the
6. A. How can the new social order, tempered with justice and reconciliation, short office by impeachment.
of cronyism and dynasty-building be realized? D. Impeachment is initiated only by a verified complaint for impeachment by 1/3
B. The effective result of people power is shown in the provision for the of all members of the House of Representatives.
development of a responsible and law abiding citizens. E. The complaint is endorsed to the Senate.
C. The scenario of the bloodless revolution was likened to a new born baby.
D. Reconciliation with justice means a milestone of abusive officials who are held 11. A. Were you a part of the People Power at EDSA on January 10-16, 2001?
responsible for injustice they committed in the past. B. It ended bloodless and peacefully, although the emotion was very high.
E. There was gladness and hope but more importantly, the problem of providing C. The second People Power was called PP EDSA 2 and the major players were
for the development of the child. the youth, various non-government organizations (NGOs), urban poor, cause-
oriented groups and various Christian communities like Couple of Christ, etc.
1. CADBE 2. CBADE 3. CBDAE 4. CABDE 5. EBCDA D. Without the support and initiatives of Cardinal Sin and former Pres. Aquino,
the Estrada Resign Movement could have failed.
7. A. Dr. Mona Venzon, the doctor who wrote the article on Hepatitis B, warned all
to give a little time now and save a lot later in medical expenses. 1. ACBD 2. CBAD 3. CDBA 4. BACD
B. She warned that the virus works slowly but dangerously attacks the liver. 5. CDAB
C. The news item on Hepatitis B came out in the newspapers.
D. She encouraged everybody to have a part of their precious time for an 12. A. Metro Manila is one of the 10 most polluted cities in the world according to a
appointment with their doctors. United Nations study on environmental pollution.
B. The Government has passed laws such as the Clean Air Act and the
1. DCBA 2. BACD 3. DCAB 4. BADC Ecological Waste Management Act to solve the meaning of pollution problems.
5. DBAC C. Its pollution index in critical levels, respiratory diseases has affected almost
75% of the population.
8. A. Talk, read, take time to bring your children to your place of work. D. By educating ourselves and get united in taking care of our environment can
B. Be the role model thru sharing your world with your kids. This provides them we lessen this menacing environmental catastrophe.
see the need for education and hard work. E. No matter how well are the laws being implemented if the citizenry themselves
C. Time is the most precious thing parents can give their children. are indifferent to these problems, the laws will be an exercise in futility.
D. Giving children quality time promotes closer family ties.
1. ABCDE 2. ACBED 3. ABDCE 4. BADCE 5. ACDEB
13. A. One sure way to improve the educational system is to employ competent
teachers and improve their teaching skills. 1. CDAB 2. CBAD 3. DCBA 4. CDBA
B. Due to poverty, parents fail to send their children to school. 5. CBDA
C. For lack of needed funds, teaching cannot be improved, infrastructure cannot
be upgraded nor can teaching aids be purchased. 17. A. Each community is a society with specific responsibilities in concept building.
D. In most developing countries, poverty is a basic problem that causes social and B. The world is made up of several communities with different types of people.
economic problems. C. Nations of the world have various objective concepts of their people qualities.
D. Developmental trends in political and economic aspect of human lives affect
1. DCAB 2. DBCA 3. DBAC 4. DABC peoples self-concept.
5. CBAD
1. BCAD 2. DACB 3. ABCD 4. CADB
14. A. The presence of American troops under the Mutual Logistic Support 5. CDBA
Agreement (MLSA) violates the Constitution.
B. Terrorism has become a threat to world peace especially that militant groups 18. A. Even retirees look for the right job when they feel soon outlive their
are spreading violence especially to those countries who are perceived to be friendly usefulness.
to America. B. The tremendous boom in part-time employment provides hundreds of people
C. However, it is sad to note that as more and more money and energy are spent profitable use of time.
to achieve world peace, more threats surface in achieving this. C. The increase of employment agencies in the U.S.A attests to this life quest.
D. Vigilance, unity and cooperation should be undertaken to counter all those D. People are in search of work which fits into their lives.
threats to world peace. 1. DCBA 2. ABCD 3. CBAD 4. BADC
5. ACDB
1. ABCD 2. ADBC 3. ACBD 4. ACDB
5. DBCA 19. A. Choke with civilizations filth and wild water lilies, they become eyesores.
B. Rivers are fast becoming receptacles of human refuse.
15. A. Drug addiction has become one of the most meaning social problem affecting C. There is need for government to wash the rivers.
our country. D. Instead of being a pleasure spot they are new considered a plague.
B. The passage of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Act of 2002 and the
establishment of the Presidential Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), reinforces the 1. ABCD 2. BDAC 3. ADCB 4. DACB
governments resolve to combat this social menace. 5. ABDC
C. This social menace has afflicted almost half of every 10 youth of our country
and has undermined our countrys very existence. 20. A. Telephone bills, SSS contribution, income tax payments etc. are received by
D. The whole nation should work hand in hand in educating our youth as to the most banks.
evil of drug addiction. B. Many other forms of friendly persuasions are used by the banks to attract more
patronage.
1. ABCD 2. DBAC 3. ACDB 4. ACBD C. Observes at one how banks are out to humanize their operations.
5. ABDC D. Countless courteous operations are being offered to effect wholesome bank-
customers relation.
16. A. Segregate biodegradable and non-biodegradable items and the existence of
resources recovery center for recycling. 1. BADC 2. CDAB 3. BDAC 4. ADBC
B. Soda and bottled water companies and food manufacturers are encouraged to 5. DBAC
collect all tin cans, plastic bottles and styrophor for recycling.
C. The zero waste process is an ethical, economical and efficient way of PARAGRAPH ORGANIZATION IN FILIPINO (PAGBUO NG TALATAAN)
looking at materials use that eliminates the concept of waste. DIREKSIYON: Iayos and pagkasunod-sunod ng mga pangungusap sa bawat bilang
D. It includes phasing out of plastics, encourage use of environment-friendly upang bumuo ng isang talatang nagtataglay ng malinaw at maayos na kahulugan.
materials, controlled dumping, chemical-free farming, water conservation and
environmental awareness.
1. A. Ang Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (PEC) ay itinatag noong 1989 ng 18 1. ABKD 2. DABK 3. KBAD 4. KABD
member-nations. 5. BDKA
B. Ang APEC meeting noong 2004 ay ginanap sa Santiago, Chile.
K. Bago ang taunang pagpupulong, nagkaisa na magdaos ng Ministerial meeting 5. A. Ito ay parang ibon na maamo sa mga taong nagpapala sa kanya at mailap sa
ang bansang host sa pagtitipon. mga nagwawalang-bahala.
D. Ang tuntunin (goals) ng APEC ay: malayang kalakalan, pagtutulungang pang- B. Tagumpay ang hangad ng bawat tao ngunit ang tagumpay namay di
economiya, serbisyo, teknolohiya, atbp. napakakamit sa lahat ng tao.
K. Sikap at tiyaga ang kailangan upang itoy matamo.
1. ABDK 2. AKBD 3. BADK 4. BDKA D. Sino ang magkapalad na magkamit nito ay nagiging tampulan ng paghanga at
5. BKAD nagsisibing huwaran ng iba.

2. A. Isinasagawa ng maunlad na bansa ang pagtulong at pagpapalakas ng balangkas 1. ABKD 2. AKDB 3. BAKD 4. BADK
ng kabuhayang-bansa. 5. KBAD
B. Kailangan ng mga bansang huli sa kaunlaran tulad ng Pilipinas na matamo ang
kapanatagang kabuhayang bansa. 6. A. Si Dr. Jose Rizal sa pamamagitan ni Elias sa kanyang nobelang Noli Me
K. Ang pagpaplano sa Kabuhayang Bansa ay kinikilalang tungkulin ng mga Tangere ang nagsabi nito.
makabagong pamahalaan. B. Kung pag-iisipang mabuti ang pangungusap, lalong titibay ang ating pagdakila
D. Sa Pilipinas, tulad ng di maunlad na mga bansa, ang pamahalaan ay sa ating pambansang bayani.
pangunahing tanggapan sa pagpapaunlad. K. Hindi natin kailangan pang lumabas ng ating bahay, upang ang kanyang sinabi
ay mapatotohanan.
1. ADKB 2. ADBK 3. KABD 4. KDBA D. Ang taong may isang salita ay isang dakilang nilikha.
5. DABK
1. DABK 2. BAKD 3. KADB 4. DAKB
3. A. Ang mga pananagutan sa batas ng isang tagapag-utos ay maraming
kadahilanan. 7. A. Ngunit napakarami sa mga tao ang hanggang ngayoy alipin hindi ng kanilang
B. Tunay na kasiya-siya ang gayong pagtitiwala sa tagapag-utos. kapwa kundi salapi.
K. Ang tagapag-utos, kung gayon ay kinikilalang katiwala hindi lamang ng B. Nang dahil ditos kayrami ng napahamak.
kapakanan ng mga sosyo kundi ng mga mamamayang nakikipagkalakalan sa K. Tiyak na walang sino mang nagnanais maging alipin sapagkat itoy
korporasyon. nangangahulugang siyay may panginoong dapat sundin sa lahat ng sandali.
D. Ang mahalaga sa mga ito ay ang katotohanan na ngayon ay tiyak na hilig ng D. Sino ang may nais maging alipin?
pangangalakal na malagay sa anyong korporasyon at hindi batay sa isang 1. ABDK 2. AKBD 3. BKAD 4. DKAB
pangmamamayan o sa pagsasamahan ng dalawa. 5. DAKB

1. AKDB 2. ADKB 3. BKAD 4. KDAB 8. A. Datapuwat sa kabila ng sinasabi sa bibliya na ang magpapakababa ay itataas at
5. DABK ang nagpapakataas ay ibababa; higit ang mapagmataas kaysa mapagkumbaba.
B. Ang pagpapakumbaba ay isang magandang katangian na dapat taglayi ng bawat
4. A. Ang tunay na pag-uri sa katangian ng isang hanapbuhay ay nasasalig sa tao.
katapatan sa isang mahigpit na batas ng kaasalang moral. K. Tunay na napakaganda ng katangiang ito kaya itoy nabanggit sa Banal na
B. Ang kaasalang moral ay nasasalig sa kaisipang naglalayon na matamo ng lahat Kasulatan.
ng kinauukulan ang pinakamalaking biyaya at ang pagbubunsod ng mapayapang D. Maraming mga taong naniniwala na ang bibliya ay isang gintong aklat ng
pag-uugnayan ng mga pagtuos. buhay.
K. Ang malaking bahagi ng propesyon ay nasasalig sa pagtupad ng mga tagapag-
utos sa kanilang batas at moralidad. 1. ABKD 2. AKBD 3. DBKA 4. BKDA
D. Ang isang tao ay matatawag lamang na tunay na propesyonal batay sa uri ng 5. KBAD
kanyang moralidad.
9. A. Sa isang paggibik lamang ng isang mamamahayag ang mga mamamayan ay 8. 148/450, 158/440, 168/430, 178/420, _______, ________,
bumalikwas at sumaklolo sa mga biktima ng gumuhong mga gusali sa Baguio at 1. 188/410, 198/400 2. 188/400, 188/410 3. 188/400, 198/400
Cabanatuan. 4. 188/410, 198/400 5. 188/400, 198/410
B. Ang buong kagamitang kinakailangan sa paglilitas ay buong-pusong
ipinagkakaloob ng mayroon nito. 9. 1.15, 2.25, 3.35, 4.45, _______,
K. Dahil dito, nalaman ng daigdig na silay handang dumamay sa mga 1. 5.15 2. 5.45 3. 5.50 4. 4.50 5.
nangangailangan maging silay mga kababayan o mga banyaga man. 5.55
D. Ang naganap na lindol noong ika-16 ng Hulyo ay nagbunyag sa
napakagandang katangian ng mga Pilipino. 10. 75, 125, 100, 175, 125, 225, ________, _________,
1. 150, 275 2. 150, 250 3. 175, 275 4. 175, 250 5. 175, 265
1. ABKD 2. AKDB 3. KABD 4. DAKB
5. DKAB 11. 14, 15, 19, 20, 25, 26, 32, 33, _______, _______,
1. 39, 42 2. 39, 40 3. 40, 41 4. 38, 41 5. 38, 40
10. A. Pag-ibig ang sanhi ng lahat ng pangyayari sa buong daigdig. Binaril si Rizal
dahil sa pag-ibig niya sa bayan. 12. 48, 48, 53, 43, 59, 37, ________, _______,
B. May digmaan dahil sa pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa. 1. 65, 30 2. 65, 31 3. 66, 36 4. 66, 31 5. 66, 30
K. May mga naganap na krimen dahil sa pag-ibig sa sarili.
13. .06, .08, .12, .06, .36, .04, _______, ________,
1. ABK 2. AKB 3. BKA 4. KAB 5. BAK 1. 1.42, .02 2. 1.42, .0 3. 1.44, .04 4. 1.44, .02 5. 1.44, .0

PART III: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND NUMERICAL REASONING 14. 78, 45, 70, 53, 62, 61, ________, ________,
A. Number Series and Sequence 1. 54, 68 2. 54, 69 3. 54, 70 4. 53, 69 5. 53, 70

1. 2/5 : 4/7 : 6/9 : 8/11 : _______ 15. .001, .0011, .0001, .00111, .00001, ________, _________,
1.) 11/14 2.) 10/13 3.) 12/15 4.) 10/15 1. .001111, .000001 2. .000111, .00001 3. .0001111, .0000
5.) 11/13 4. .00111, .00001 5. .00111, .000011

2. 1 : 2 2/3 : 3 : 4 4/5 : _______ 16. 2.5, 4.5, 4, 6, 5.5, 7.5, ____, _____,
1). 5 5/6 2.) 5 4/5 3.) 6 6/7 4.) 4 5/7 5.) 6 5/7 1. 7, 9 2. 9, 9.5 3. 7.5, 9.5 4. 9.5, 9.0 5. 8.5, 9.5

3. 2, 5, 4, 10, 6, 15, 8, _______, ________, 17. 3 12/19, 4 13/40, 5 14/21, 6 15/22, _____, ______,
1.) 20, 10 2.) 10, 20 3.) 10, 10 4.) 20, 20 1. 6 15/22, 7 15/22 2. 7 15/23, 8 16/24 3. 7 15/22, 8 15/22
5.) 8, 10 4. 7 15/22, 8 15/22 5. 7 16/23, 8 17/24

4. 10, 5, 20, 10, 60, 30, 240, 120, 1200, _____, _______, 18. 675, 430, 475, 630, ______, _______,
1.) 600, 400 2.) 120, 600 3.) 600, 7200 4.) 1200, 7200 5.) 120, 580 1. 230, 830 2. 330, 730 3. 730, 790 4. 275, 830 5. 270, 830

5. 10, 15, 9, 17, 8, 19, 7, ______, _______, 19. 341, 452, 563, ______, _______,
1. 21, 7 2. 21, 6 3. 20, 6 4. 20, 7 5. 21, 23 1. 437, 323 2. 435, 324 3. 547, 324 4. 556, 768 5. 438, 768
21. 38, 67, 43, 72, 49, 78, ______, ______,
6. 25, 23, 36, 34, 49, 47, 64, ______, _______, 1. 57, 86 2. 56, 85 3. 57, 87 4. 56, 86 5. 56, 84
1. 62, 79 2. 60, 80 3. 62, 82 4. 60, 81 5. 62, 81
22. -4, -16, -64, -256, ______, _______,
7. 721, 521, 711, 531, 701, 541, ______, ______, 1. -1024, -4097 2. -1025, -4097 3. -1024, -4096 4. -1023, -4098 5. -1025, -
1. 691, 550 2. 690, 551 3. 692, 551 4. 691, 551 5. 691, 552 4098
23. 438, 698, 548, 588, 658, _______, ______, 12. 7 x 1 2/3 =?
1. 478, 768 2. 478, 868 3. 488, 768 4. 478, 878 5. 488, 778 1. 12 2/5 2. 12 3. 12 1/3 4. 12 2/3

24. AZ, CX, EV, GT, ______, ________, 13. 36 5/12 + 24 2/3 =?
1. IR, KP 2. IS, KQ 3. IS, KP 4. IR, KQ 1. 61 3/12 2. 61 3. 61 1/12 4. 61 2/3
5. IS, KR
14. 8 1/10 6 3/5 =?
25. AC, BD, EG, FH, _______, _______, 1. 1 2. 2 3. 1 1/5 4. 2 4/5
1. IL, HI 2. IK, JL 3. HI, JK 4. IJ, KL 5.
IJ, KM 15. 7 + 2 1/3 + 3 3/8 + 4 =?
1. 17 23/24 2. 16 23/24 3. 16 9/7 4. 17 2/3
PART III: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND NUMERICAL REASONING
Directions: Solve the following mathematical exercises. 16. Of the following, which is the greatest?
1. 2. 5/7 3. 6/9 4. 7/10
1. 3 x 4 + 9 / 3 8 / 4 =?
1. 13 2. 14 3. 15 4. 12 17. Simplify: [2 x 9 8 (-3)] / 6 +15
1. 4 2. 3 3. 2 4. 1
2. (4) (-6) + (12 x 3) +?
1. 10 2. 12 3. 14 4. 15 18. What is the quotient when .345 is divided by 5?
1. .69 2. .65 3. .64 4. .67
3. (-24) / (-6) =?
1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. 5 19. Three-fourth of what number is twelve?
1. 14 2. 16 3. 15 4. 12
4. (-6) (5) =?
1. 1 2. 30 3. -30 4. -1 20. What is the value of a in statement 3ab = 15 if b = 5?
1. 3 2. 1 3. 2 4. 5
5. 81/ (-9) =?
1. 0 2.9 3. -9 4. 12 PART III: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND NUMERICAL REASONING

6. -144 / (-12) =? 1. Write 3.4% as a fraction.


1. 12 2. -12 3. 1728 4. -1728 1. 3.4/100 3. .34/100 5. 34/100
2. 3.4/1000 4. .34/1000
7. (3 8) (3 8) =?
1. 108 2. 107 3. -108 4. 105 2. Write 3.4% as a decimal.
1. .75 3. .0075 5. 7.5
8. + 5/8 + =? 2. .075 4. .00075
1. 1 1/8 2. 1 2/8 3. 1 3/8 4. 1
3. The number missing in the series 6, 12, 20, 20, ?, 56, 72 is?
9. 8 5/6 + 7 5/2 + 6 2/3 =? 1. 38 3. 44 5. 52
1. 22 10/12 2. 23 11/12 3. 22 11/12 4. 24 11/25 2. 42 4. 48

10. 13 7/12 2 1/3 =? 4. If the following numbers are arranged in order from smallest to largest, what will
1. 11 2. 12 2/3 3. 1 4. 11 be the correct order?
11. 44 - 3 =? a. 9/13 b. 13/9 c. 70% d. 1/.70
1. 40 2. 40 3. 40 4. 40 2/3 1. bacd 3. cdab 5. acdb
2. cbad 4. bdca
1. What is the average of A, B, C?
5. 3 is 6% of what number? 1. ABC/3 3. 3(A+B+C)
1. 53 3. 48 5. 24 2. (A+B+C)/3 4. ABC/A+B+C
2. 50 4. 18
2. Which of the following has the LEAST numerical value?
6. What is the average of 0.6, 6.6, 0.4, and 2.4? 1. 11/12 3. 5/7 5. 10/11
1. 1 3. 2 5. 12 2. 6/8 4.
2. 10 4. 2
3. If 2 apples cost 25.00, how many apples can be purchased for 100.00?
7. What is the sum of 12 + 27? 1. 8 apples 3. 2 dozens 5. None of these
1. 29 3. 3 5 5. 7 3 2. dozen 4. 1 dozens
2. 5 3 4. 13 3
4. If 2 tablespoons = 1 liquid oz., and 5 tablespoons = cup, then, how many liquid
8. Find 65% of 75. ounces are there in one cup?
1. 4.87 3. 48.75 5. 48.80 1. 4 ounces 3. 16 ounces 5. None of these
2. 488 4. 487.50 2. 8 ounces 4. 24 ounces

9. 25.00 is 20% of what number? 5. 2 is what percent of 5?


1. 1,250 3. 128.50 5. 500 1. 25% 3. 40% 5. 45%
2. 125.00 4. 120.00 2. 38% 4. 35%

10. 12 is 125% of what number? 6. Five (5) average office workers earn a total average monthly salary of 10,000. If
1. 9.6 3. 9 5. 25% the average monthly salary of two of these workers total 4,000.00. What is the
2. 8 4. 10 average monthly income of each of the remaining three workers?
1. 6,000 3. 2,500 5. None of these
11. What percent of 16 is 40? 2. 2,000 4. 4,000
1. 2.5% 3. 5. 25%
2. 2500% 4. 250% 7. Which of the following equation has the LEAST value?
1. 6 + 3 x 3 3. 6 + 4 x 3 5. 6 x 3 + 4
12. 1 subtracted from its reciprocal is? 2. 6 x 4 + 3 4. 2 + 6 x 4
1. -9/20 3. 2.25 5. -1/5
2. .45 4. 9/20 8. 3.54 is multiplied by 10 to the 5th power, what would be the value?
1. 3.054 3. 305.40 5. 354,000
13. What is the ratio of to 3/5? 2. 30.54 4. 35,400
1. 1:3 3. 5:12 5. 5:4
2. 3:20 4. 3:4 9. If the short hand of the clock is at 4, what is the degree of its angle?
1. 90 3. 130 5. 110
14. What is the difference between 150 and 54? 2. 120 4. 150
1. 36 3. 96 5. 26
2. 166 4. 62 10. There are two numbers whose sum is 48. One of the numbers is greater by 6.
What are the numbers?
15. One tenth is what part of three-fourths? 1. 23, 24 3. 22, 26 5. 20, 28
1. 3/40 3. 2/15 5. 40/3 2. 21, 27 4. 23, 26
2. 1/8 4. 15/2
PART III: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND NUMERICAL REASONING 11. 17 5/8 + 21 =?
1. 38 3/8 3. 39 4/8 5. 36 4/8 1. 131 3. 129 5. 127
2. 39 3/8 4. 38 4/8 2. 130 4. 128

12. My uncles weight is two times that of my nephew. My aunts weight is half that 22. of 100 is equal to 5 times what number?
of my nephew. What is the total weight of the three? Which of the following 1. 10 3. 25 5. None of these
formulae will apply for the correct answer? 2. 75 4. 5
1. X + 2 3. (2x) + (x) + (1/2x)
2. + 3x 4. 2x + x 23. What is the smallest positive number which, when it is divided by 3, 4, 5, will
leave a remainder of 2?
1. 42 3. 60 5. 182
13. 2 of 100 is equal to?
2. 22 4. 122
1. 6/4 x 100 3. 11/4 + 100 5. None of these
2. 11/4 x 100 4. 6/4 + 100 24. Which of the following number has the largest numerical value?
1. (3 + 3 + 3) to 3rd power 3. (4 x 3 x 3) to 2nd power
14. Which of the following fraction is > than 1/3? rd
2. (3 x 3) to 3 power 4. 3 + 3
1. 22/63 3. 4/11 5. 102/103 5. (3 x 3)
2. 15/46 4. 33/98
25. Eight percent of 36 is 72% of what number?
15. In 1 hours, the minute hand of a clock rotates through an angle of how many 1. 2.06 3. 3.24 5. 40
degrees? 2. 2.88 4. 4
1. 60 3. 180 5. 540
2. 90 4. 360 26. Which of the following has the greatest value?
1. 6/10 3. 17/24 5. 7/9
16. When the fractions 2/3, 5/7, 8/11 and 9/13 are arranged in ascending order, the 2. 8/12 4. 9/14
result would be?
1. 8/11, 5/7, 9/13, 2/3 3. 2/3, 8/11, 5/7, 9/13 27. If 25% of 50% of 80 is 10, then of 5/10 of 80 is
2. 5/7, 8/11, 2/3, 9/13 4. 2/3, 9/13, 5/7, 8/11 1. 40 3. 15 5. None of these
5. 9/13, 2/3, 8/11, 5/7 2. 20 4. 10
17. 48.63 + 96.28 + 436.45 + .2385 =? 28. What number is 35 more than 70?
1. 581.60 3. 581.5990 5. 581.59 1. 105 3. 170
2. 581.5985 4. 581. 5986 2. 135 4. 185
18. 15 is 20% of what number? 29. The number is 15 less 7; when added to ten, what will the number be?
1. 75 3. 80 5. 72 1. 28 3. 17
2. 78 4. 70 2. 18 4. 15
19. 7 is 5% of what number? 30. What is -2 + (3.1) + (-.02)?
1. 120 3. 145 5. 150 1. -.512 3. 0.512 5. -5.012
2. 125 4. 140 2. 5.012 4. -5.12
20. The ratio of two numbers is 5:3 and their difference is 20. What are the numbers?
1. 50, 30 3. 40, 60 5. 50, 70
2. 55, 35 4. 45, 65

21. The ratio of two numbers is 16:33. The larger number is 264. What is the smaller
number?
PART III: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND NUMERICAL REASONING 7. Anthony bought a watch and sold it at 35% more than its original cost. How much
(NEW EXERCISES) did he earn if the cost of the watch was P?
DIRECTION: Determine the relationship between the first and the second numbers 1. P + 35% 2. P= 35%x 3. 35% / P 4. P-35% 5. P + (P x 35%)
or the first and third numbers. From among the suggested answers, choose the
number that will complete the analogy. 8. What is the smallest positive number that will give a remainder of 3 when it is
divided by 4, 5, or 10?
1. 3 is to 27 as 9 is to ___________. 1. 63 2. 23 3. 33 4. 53 5. 43
1. 27 2. 279 3. 729 4. 728 5. 792
9. How many numbers between 200 and 400 begin or end with 3?
2.0.25 is to 0.125 as 1.25 is to _______. 1. 110 2. 130 3. 120 4. 110 5. 99
1. 0.625 2. 6.250 3. 2.125 4. 1.125 5. 1.625
10. Brgy. Uno has a population of 15,000 which decrease by 20 people per annum.
3. 12.5 is to 1/8 as 20 is to ________. Brgy. Dos has a population of 5000 people which increase by 80 people per year. In
1. 1/6 2. 3. 0.50 4. 1/5 5. 1/3 how many years will the population of both barangays be equal.

4. 6 is to 15 as 36 is to _________. 1. 10 years 2. 20 years 3. 15 years 4. 5 years 5. 8 years


1. 82 2. 90 3. 72 4. 60 5. 70
11. Josef answered all 25 test questions he was given. His percent score was taken by
5. is to 75% as _________ is to 80%. giving him 4pts for every correct answer and by subtracting 1pt. for every answer he
1. 3 2. 7/8 3. 4/5 4. 6/7 5. .080 made. Assuming he obtains a score of 70%, how many questions did he get
correctly?
DIRECTION: For each of the following questions and problems and numbers eries, 1. 17 2. 19 3. 15 4. 20 5. 22
choose the correct answer from the choices given.
12. How much will it cost to lay 40 square meter of tiles if each square feet of tire
1. If two halves of 2 are added to 2 , the result is? cost 109.50?
1. 2 2. 3 3. 5 4. 5 5. 6 1. 47,128 2. 48,000 3. 47,575 4. 48,250 5. 47,000

2. If the following quantities were arrange from the greatest to least, which one 13. A tenant get 4 sacks of palay for every 7 sacks harvested. If the farmland
would have the second least value? produced 560 sacks of palay, how many sacks of palay would the tenant get?
1. 6/12 2. 5/12 3. 4/10 4. 5. 2/6 1. 280 2. 350 3. 300 4. 320 5. 295

3. To represent a family budget on a circle graph, how many degrees should be used 14. A group of 40 workers can finish digging a tunnel in 12 days. How many
to represent an item that is 20% of the total budget? workers can finish the job in 8 days?
1. 20 2. 36 3. 60 4. 72 5. 90 1. 50 2. 65 3. 60 4. 55 5. 58

4. C is the midpoint in line segment AE. B and D are on line AE so that AB=BC and 15. The Maharlika Multi-Purpose Cooperative, Inc. has a trust fund of almost Half a
CD=DE. What percent of AC is AD? Million Pesos. Part of the fund is invested at an annual interest rate of 6% and the
1. 33% 2. 50% 3. 66% 4. 140% 5. rest is invested at an annual interest rate of 8%. If the income from both investments
150% is 39,000 annually, how much is invested at each rate?
1. 100,000 at 6% and 400,000 at 8% 2. 80,000 at 6% and 420,000 at 8%
5. Suppose that the time now is 10.30am. What will be the time 16 hours from now? 2. 75,000 at 6% and 425,000 at 8% 4. 25,000 at 6% and 425,000 at 8%
1. 12:30am 2. 2:30am 3. 1:30am 4. 12:30pm 5. 2:30pm 5. 50,000 at 6% and 450,000 at 8%

6. What number when increased by 90% of itself equals 156?


1. 76 2. 80 3. 86 4. 82 5. 90
A. Problem Solving 1. 7:30pm 2. 7:00pm 3. 8:00pm 4. 8:30pm

1. Josef Raymund purchased a lawn mower which was sold at 20% discount. He paid 11. Ruth bought 55 copies of Philippine history and paid a total of 3,850.00. If she
14,800.00 for the lawn mower. How much was the original price of the lawn buys 3 copies more of the same book, how much will she pay in all?
mower? 1. 4,060 2. 4,260 3. 4, 160 4. 4,150
1. 18,250 2. 18,565 3. 18,500 4. 18,575
12. A manufacturer finds that 150 pieces of pens are defective and unsuitable for
2. Ruth is paid 17,000 for a regular 40hr week. Up to 40 hours, she is paid at the sale. If the defective pens are equivalent to three percent of the production, how
regular hourly rate. For overtime of more than 40 hours, she receives 1 times as many pens are being produced?
much as the regular hourly rate. How many hours did she work during a particular 1. 5,100 2. 4,990 3. 5,000 4. 5,150
week when she earned about 24,650.00?
1. 48hrs 2. 52hrs 3. 55hrs 4. 54hrs 13. Timmie owns 40% of the stock in Millennium Traders, Inc. Josef owns 15,000
shares. Bernice owns all the shares now owned by Timmie nor Josef. How many
3. A stationary pad that sells for 18.50 can be bought for 150 when a dozen pads share does Timmie own if Bernice has 25% more shares than Timmie?
are purchased at one time. What is the savings per pad, in pesos, when the pads are 1. 45,000 shares 2. 50,000 shares 3. 60,000 shares
purchased by dozen? 4. 75,000 shares
1. 6.95 2. 6.50 3. 6.75 4. 6.00 14. Mang Lorenzo, a gardener, can mow a lawn in 3hrs. After 2 hrs. it rained and he
stopped moving the lawn. In the afternoon, Aling Tina, completed the rest of the
4. On the day of the school concert, 500 tickets were sold. The students paid 150 work in one hour and 30 minutes. How long would it take Aling Tina to mow the
each while non-students paid 200 each. If the total of 85,000 was collected, how lawn by herself?
many non-students attended? 1. 1hr and 30mins 2. 2hrs and 22mins 3. 2hrs 4. 2hrs and 30mins
1. 250 2. 230 3. 260 4. 200
15. A couple wants to have only four children so spaced that the first is older than
5. A faucet filled a 315 gallon tank in 9hours. Later, the tank suffered a crack at the the second by 2 years, the second older than the third by 3 years, the third older than
bottom and started leaking at the rate of 6 gallons/hr. How long will it take the faucet the fourth by 4 years. If their plan is realized, how old will the eldest child be when
to refill the emptied tank? the youngest is 9 years old?
1. 11hrs and 29mins 2. 11hrs 3. 10hrs and 48min 4. 13hrs 1. 18years old 2. 9 years old 3. 16 years old
4. 17 years old 5. 18 years old
6. Josef Raymund divided his estate among his three children: Joe, Ray and Sef in
the ratio of 3:2:2. If Sef received the amount of 2.85M, what was the total estate? 16. Mary purchased 4lbs. of mixed nuts at 20.00/pound. Rita purchased 2lbs. of
1. 10M 2. 9.975M 3. 9.5M 4. 9.9M peanuts at 15.00 per pound. What is the average price per pound for the mixture of
both purchases?
7. The Del Rosario familys monthly income is 25,000. The family spends 30% for 1. 18.33 2. 17.50 3. 20.00 4. 18.75
food, 20% for rentals, 10% for clothing and 16% for miscellaneous. How much is
saved in peso value? 17. Mr. Vergara paid a total of 28,650 in taxes for income earned in 2006. His tax
1. 6,520 2. 6,250 3. 6,000 4. 6,400 rate is 34 % of his gross annual income. What is his monthly income?
1. 7,000 2. 6.970 3. 6,950 4. 6,850
8. A motorcycle covers 225kms in 2 hrs. How far can he go in 1 hrs.?
1. 158kms 2. 157.5kms 3. 150kms 4. 165kms 18. On January 1, 2006, Margarita invested 100,000.00 for two years at a rate of
12% p.a. compounded annually. By April 1, 2008, how much interest would she
9. One way plane fare from Manila to Davao is 5,200. How many round trip tickets have earned?
can be purchased with the amount of 104,000? 1. 29,250.50 3. 29,204.20 5. 29,200.00
1. 11 2. 10 3. 12 4. 9 2. 29,203.20 4. 29,205.50

10. Mr. Sison left his house at 7:00am and drove his car at 50kph. He rested for half
an hour. What time will he reach his destination which is 600kms away?
19. On March 1, 2006, George opened a savings account of 50,000 at the rate of 2. 48kph 4. 46kph
6% per annum compounded monthly. By June 1, 2006, how much is his money in
the bank? 7. Mr. Mondragon took his four children to the trade exhibit. The total cost of their
1. 50,250 2. 50,753.75 3. 50,715.75 4. 50,500 admission tickets was 135.00. Mr. and Mrs. Santos and their six children had to pay
220.00. What was the cost of an adult ticket and that of a childs ticket?
20. A Department store had a Mega sale of Jackets at the ff. prices? 1. 35.00 & 25.00 3. 24.00 & 35.00 5. 40.00 & 30.00
a. 395.00 jackets reduced to 300.00 2. 25.00 & 35.00 4. 35.00 & 28.00
b. 685.00 jackets reduced to 580.00
c. 995.00 jackets reduced to 890.00 8. Tim and Bernice both have part time jobs. Last week, Tim worked 8 hours and
d. 1,450.00 jackets reduced to 1,250.00 Bernice, 5 hours and both of them earned a total of 800.00. This week, Bernice
Which group of jackets was offered at the greatest rates of discounts from its original worked 12 hours and Tim, 4 hours and they earned a total of 1,250.00. How much
price? is Tims hourly rate?
a. 24% b. 15% c. 10% d. 13% 1. 48.00 3. 44.08 5. 45.00
2. 49.50 4. 44.50
PROBLEM SOLVONG
9. What is Bernices hourly rate?
1. What part of an hour elapses between 11:50am and 12:14pm? 1. 89.90 3. 88.75 5. 89.50
1. 2/5 3. 17/30 5. 2. 89.00 4. 89.47
2. 7/30 4. 1/6
10. If X is located on line segment AB and point Y is located on line segment CD. If
2. A motion was passed by a vote of 6 to 4. What part of votes cast were in favor of AB=CD and AX>CY, then:
the motion? 1. XB>YD 3. XB<YD 5. AX>AB
1. 6/10 3. 4/6 5. 3/2 2. AX>XB 4. AX<XB
2. 6/4 4. 4/10
11. If W>X, Y<Z and X>Z, then, which of the following equation must be true?
3. If three miles is equivalent to 4.83 kilometers, then 11.27kms. is equivalent to how 1. W>X>Y>Z 3. X>Z>Y>W 5. Z<X<Y<W
many miles? 2. W>X>Z>Y 4. Z<Y<X<W
1. 2 1/3 miles 3. 5 miles 5. 6 miles
2. 7 1/3 miles 4. 7 miles 12. The number of degrees through which the hour hand of a clock moves in two
hours and 12 minutes is?
4. Evergood Systems employs 115 people. During the low season, it laid off 20% of 1. 66 degrees 3. 126 degrees 5. 792 degrees
its employees. By what percent must the company increase its manpower to return 2. 72 degrees 4. 732 degrees
to full capacity.
1. 20% 3. 23% 5. 30% 13. Fatima is 15 years old. Bernice is one-third older. How many years ago was
2. 22% 4. 25% Bernice twice as old as Fatima?
1. 3 3. 7.5 5. 10
5. Goldtown Books offers 2006 World Almanac marked at 2,450.00 less discounts 2. 5 4. 8
of 10% and 5%. Another bookstore offers the same book but with a single discount
of 15%. How much does the buyer save by buying at the best price? 14. Mel is 67 years old. His son Jay is 29 years old. In how many Travel Expenses 4%
1. 12.25 3. 12.oo 5. 15.00 years will Jay be exactly half his fathers age?
2. 12.50 4. 10.50 1. 6 3. 8 5. 10
2. 7 4. 9
6. Josef travels a distance of 20 kilometers at 60kms. per hour (kph) and then returns Misc. Expenses 6%
over the same route at 40kph. What is the average rate for the round trip in kms per 15. The Mar copper Mining Company has 3,900 workers. Only 3%
hour? are non-union members. How many workers then are members?
1. 50kms. 3. 47kph 5. 45kph
1. 3750 2. 3760 3. 3720 4. 3738
Utilities 25%
16. A painter can finish painting 25 desks in 6hrs. How many desks can be painted
from 6am to 9pm?
1. 60 2. 63.5 3. 62.5 4. 65

17. The average of four numbers is 28. If three of the four numbers are 18, 28 and
36, what is the fourth number?
1. 32 2. 30 3. 35 4. 34

18. What is the difference in elevation between the top of a mountain 8,520 feet
above sea level and a point in a valley 253 feet below sea level?
1. 8777 2. 8700 3. 8773 4. 8774

19. If there are three microscopes for every four medical students, how many
microscopes are needed for 44 students?
1. 42 2. 33 3. 40 4. 30

20. What is the value of a in statement 3ab=15 if b=5?


1. 1 2. 0 3. 2 4. .5

EXERCISES ON GRAPH INTERPRETATION (NEW EXERCISES)

A. The production Head of the Yum Ice Cream Company was asked to prepare his
2010 Budget. He prepared the pie graph of his production expenses which looked
like this:

Total budgeted expense: 35,000,000

Salaries and Wages 50%

Materials 15%
1. The biggest component of the budget is: 1. At San Antonios Town Plaza, the number of trees planted by a group of students
1. Salaries and Wages 2. Utilities 3. Materials increased from 1,350 in 2010 to 2,175 in 2013. What was the rate of increase in the
4. Travel Expenses 5. Miscellaneous number of trees planted?
a. 55% b. 75% c. 82% d. 61%
2. Allocation for materials is twice as much as that for:
1. Salaries and Wages 2. Utilities 3. Materials 2. Anton bought a 46 Samsung Smart TV for 125,000 with a 10% down payment
4. Travel Expenses 5. Miscellaneous and the balance to be settles at 0% for three years. How much will Anton pay
monthly for the next three years?
3. The total allocation for miscellaneous expenses amount to: a. 3,819.45 b. 3,100.00 c. 3,125.00 d. 3,472.25
1. 210,000 2. 2,100,000 3. 21,000,000
4. 200,100 5. 21,000 3. Josef Raymund gets 20% commission on the first 50,000 and 12 % on the
amount over 50,000 of his total sales. How much does Josef get from the total sales
4. Materials and utilities combined would amount to: of 385,000.00?
1. 14,000,000 2. 140,000 3. 1,400,000 a. 40,200.00 b. 50,200.00 c. 45,000.00 d. 55,250.00
4. 140,400 5. 144,000
4. The sum of two numbers is 78. Their difference is 18. Find the smaller of the two
5. If the budget for salaries and wages was to be cut by one-third, how much will be numbers.
left? a. 30 b. 33 c. 45 d. 48
1. 175,000 2. 17,500,000 3. 17,000,000
4. 11,900,000 5. 11,666,667 5. Adding four to four times a number gives the same result as subtracting three from
five times the given number. What is the number?
6. If the budget for materials was to be increased by 50% of its current total, how a. 5 b. 3 c. 7 d. 4
much of the budget would have been allocated for materials?
1. 25% 2. 20% 3. 50% 4. 22.5% 5. 6. Seven years ago Fatima was six times as old as Bernice. In one year, she will only
30% be twice as old as Bernice. What will be Fatimas current age?
a. 18 b. 20 c. 19 d. 21
7. Half of the total budget for travel expenses would amount to?
1. 7,000,000 2. 700,000 3. 850,000 7. Bernice mixes peanuts worth 105.00per kilo with 100 kilograms of cashew nuts
4. 1,500,000 5. 1,200,000 worth 50.00 per kilo. How many kilograms of peanuts should be added so that the
final mix is worth 75.00 per kilogram?
8. Allocation for salaries and wages is three times as much as? a. 80.50 b. 83.33 c. 75.50 d. 82.50
1. Salaries and Wages 2. Utilities 3. Materials
4. Travel Expenses 5. Miscellaneous 8. Don Eusebio Dela Barca stated in his last will and testament that one half of his
estate would go to his wife, a third to his only son and the rest, an amount of
9. Allocation for travel expenses and miscellaneous combined would amount to? 500,000.00 to his younger brother. How large was the estate?
1. 3,500,000 2. 3,050,000 3. 3,000,000 a. 4,500,000.00 b. 3,500,000.00 c. 2,500,000.00
4. 3,005,000 5. 3,505,500 d. 3,000,000.00

10. Reducing the entire budget by 20% would leave how much allocation for 9. How many minutes will it take to cover the distance of 5 miles if the average
materials? speed is 75 miles per hour?
1. 3,000,000 2. 42,000,400 3. 42,000,000 a. 3 minutes b. 4 minutes c. 10 minutes d. 8 minutes
4. 4,000,200 5. 4,200,000
10. There are 60 students enrolled in Business Systems 100. Of the enrolled students,
A. Problem Solving 90 percent took the final exam. Two thirds of the students passed the exams. How
many passed?
a. 33 b. 30 c. 36 d. 38
1. The Supreme Court 2. The President and the Vice-President
3. The Senate and Justice Dept. 4. Senate and the House of Representatives

9. Term of office for the Senate members under the 1987 Constitution shall be
PART IV: A. PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION _________.
Direction: Choose the correct answer from the choices given. 1. 3 years 2. 4 years
3. 6 years 4. 9 years
1. It is that written instrument by which the fundamental powers of the Philippine
government are established, limited and defined and by which their power is 10. Term of office for the members of the House of Representatives under the 1987
distributed among several branches for the benefit of the people. Constitution.
1. Statutes 2. The Philippine Constitution 1. 6 years 2. 9 years
3. Republic Acts 4. Implementing Rules and Regulations 3. 3 years 4. Extendable

2. The 1987 Philippine Constitution contains at least 3 sets of provisions. Which of 11. The Executive power shall be vested upon __________.
the following provisions is not included? 1. The Congress 2. The President
1. Constitution of University 2. Constitution of Government 3. The Senate President 4. The Chief Justice
3. Constitution of Liberty 4. Constitution of Sovereignty
12. The President and the Vice President shall have the same term of office for
3. Which government branch has the duty to ascertain and give effect to the intent of _________ under the 1987 Constitution.
the Constitutional provisions as adopted or approved by its farmers. 1. 3 years 2. 6 years
1. The Supreme Court 2. The House of Representatives 3. 9 years 4. Extendable
3. The Senate 4. The Presidency
13. Shall be the SOLE JUDGE of electoral disputes involving the President-elect and
4. The Rule of Majority is an unwritten law of a democratic government. For the the Vice President elect under the 1987 Constitution.
Congress to declare the existence of a state of war or to call a constitutional 1. The Trial Courts 2. The Electoral Tribunal
convention __________ vote of all its respected members is required. 3. The Supreme Court 4. The COMELEC
1. Simple majority 2. Minority
3. two-thirds majority 4. Concurring 14. It shall have the EXCLUSIVE power to INITIATE all cases of impeachment
under the 1987 Constitution.
5. This constitutional principle is meant that no man in the country, not even the 1. The Supreme Court 2. The Legislature
government is above or beyond the law. 3. The House of Representatives 4. The SANDIGANBAYAN
1. Rule of the Majority 2. Bill of Rights
3. Rule of Law 4. Republican Law 15. I shall have the SOLE power to TRY all cases of Impeachment.
1. The House of Representatives 2. The SANDIGANBAYAN
6. The Philippines is a __________ and ___________ state. Sovereignty resides in 3. The Supreme Court sitting En Banc 4. The Senate
the people and all government authority emanates from them.
1. democratic-independent 2. Democratic-republican 16. Refers to those non-dominant groups in our country which possesses and which
3. free-independent 4. Presidential-independent to preserve ethnic, religious or linguistic traditions markedly different from the rest.
1. Religious groups 2. Population
7. The Philippine Constitution explicitly recognize that ___________ authority, at all 3. Indigenous cultural groups 4. Urban poor
times, supreme over the military. Its goals is to secure the sovereignty of the State.
1. Presidential 2. Civilian 17. It is the declaration and enumeration of the individual rights and privileges which
3. Democratic 4. Parliamentary the Constitution is designed to protect against violations by the government, groups,
etc.
8. The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which 1. Civil rights 2. Bill of rights
shall consist of ______________. 3. Political Rights 4. Constitutional Rights
18. It signifies that all persons subject to legislation, shall be treated alike, under 26. It is a method by which a public officer may be removed from office during his
like circumstances and conditions both in the privileges conferred and liabilities tenure or before the expiration of his term by a vote of the people after registration of
impose. a petition signed by a required percentage of the qualified voters.
1. Bill of Rights 2. Political Rights 1. Initiative 2. Recall 3. Referendum 4. Plebiscite
3. Constitutional Rights 4. Equal Protection of Law
27. It is a vote of the people expressing their choice for or against a proposed law or
19. The power of the State to take or expropriate private property for public use upon enactment submitted to them. It is applied to an election at which any proposal,
paying the owner a just compensation to be ascertained according to law. amendment to, or revision of the Constitution is submitted to the people for their
1. Police Power 2. Power of Taxation ratification.
3. Power of Eminent Domain 4. Emergency Powers 1. Plebiscite 2. Referendum 3. Initiative 4. Special Election

20. They are the rights of the citizens which give them the power to participate, 28. It is the process whereby the police directly propose and enact laws. The
directly or indirectly, in the establishment or administration of the government, the Constitution mandates the Congress to provide as early as possible a system of
right of suffrage and information on matters of public concern. initiative and referendum.
1. Political Rights 2. Civil Rights 1. Plebiscite 2. General Election 3. Initiative 4. Recall
3. Constitutional Rights 4. Economic Rights
29. It is the power to apply the laws to contests or disputes concerning legally
21. They are rights of the citizens which the law will enforce at the instance of recognized rights or duties between the State and private persons brought before the
private individuals for the purpose of securing their enjoyment of their means of judicial tribunals.
happiness. 1. Executive Powers 2. Legislative Powers
1. Constitutional Rights 2. Social and Economic Rights 3. Judicial Powers 4. Emergency Powers
3. Civil Rights 4. Political Rights
30. It sets down in unequivocal terms the mandate that all government officials and
22. They are rights intended to ensure the well-being and economic security of the employees, shall at all times, be answerable for their misconduct to the people.
individual, among them are the right to property and just compensation. 1. Rights 2. Public Trust
1. Social and Economic Rights 2. Cultural Rights 3. Responsibility 4. Accountability
3. Civil Rights 4. Constitutional Rights

23. The power of the State to enact laws or regulations to persons and properties as PART IV: B. NEWLY ENACTED LAWS, ENVIRONMENTAL
may promote public health, public morals, safety, general welfare and convenience PROTECTION, GENERAL INFORMATION AND CURRENT EVENTS
of the people. (NEW EXERCISES)
1. Power of Eminent Domain 2. Police Power DIRECTION: Read each questions carefully and choose the best answer from the
3. Power of Taxation 4. Emergency Powers given options.

24. It is the power of the State to impose charge or burden upon persons, property or 1. A voter is disqualified from exercising the right to vote (suffrage) if said voter
property rights for the use and support of the government and to enable it to ______________.
discharge its appropriate functions. 1. turned 20 years old just before the election
1. Power of Eminent Domain 2. Police Power 2. is poor.
3. Power of Taxation 4. Constitutional Powers 3. is illiterate
4. is a naturalized Filipino citizen
25. It is the right and obligation to vote by qualification citizens in the election of 5. has been a Philippine resident for less than 6 months
certain national and local officials of the government and in the decision of public
questions submitted to the people. 2. Who may be appointed as a Cabinet member without needing confirmation from
1. Right to Information 2. Right to Suffrage the Commission on Appointments?
3. Electoral Vote 4. Freedom to Choose 1. Senate President 2. Any Senator 3. Vice-President 4. House Speaker
5. Congressman 1. global warming and ozone depletion are one and the same
2. global warming leads to ozone depletion
3. excessive build-up of carbon dioxide causes both global warming and ozone
3. Which of the following sectors is NOT represented in the party-list system in the depletion
House of Representative? 4. ozone depletion causes unpredictable weather disturbances
1. Youth 2. Labor 3. Women 4. Religious 5. Trade 5. global warming cause environmental disasters.

4. Which of the following government agencies exercises original and exclusive 11. Jaywalking, indiscriminate garbage disposal, vandalism, reckless driving are
jurisdiction over all electoral contest, returns and qualifications of the President and manifestation of _____________.
the Vice-President? 1. lack of sense of property 2. lack of discipline
1. COMELEC 2. Commission on Appointments 3. Supreme Court 3. indifference 4. disregard for other peoples property
4. Senate Electoral Tribunal 5. Judicial Bar Council 5. Anarchy

5. Who is responsible for determining the existence of probable cause for the 12. the worst environmental impact of a large scale mining operation comes from?
issuance of a warrant of arrest or search warrant? 1. soil poisoning 2. Air pollution 3. Deforestation
1. Lawyer 2. Judge 3. Fiscal 4. Prosecutor 5. Mayor 4. mine tailings 5. unrestored mined-out areas

6. It mandates the blending of cocodiesel or cocomethyl ester (CME) in all diesel 13. It allows foreign-based retailers and manufacturers to engage in retail activities in
fuel and bio-ethanol in gasoline sold across the country. the country subject to conditions and requirements.
1. Clean Air Act of 1999 2. Solid Waste Management Act of 1. Globalization 2. Retail trade liberalization 3. Free trade market
2000 4. Protectionism 5. Trade blocs
3. Fuel Development Act 4. Biofuels Act of 2006
5. Pollution Reduction Act of 2001 14. It embodies the national policy on information technology development and
serve as a guide to all agencies in the effective utilization of information technology
7. Environmental law providing for an ecological solid waste management program resources.
creating necessary mechanisms, incentives, prohibitions and penalties. 1. National Information Technology Plan (NITP)
1. Rep. Act #8749 or the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999. 2. Information Technology Development Plan
2. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 3. Technology Enhancement Program
3. Anti-Pollution Reduction Act 4. Philippine Technology Highway Program
4. Waste Recycling and Disposal Act 5. Philippine Information Technology Highway
5. Recycle, Re-use and Reduce Act
15. A government program designed to solve the ills of the society through personal
8. Which of the following concepts is relevant to environmental education? transformation and renewal and to strengthen the moral fiber of the Filipino people.
1. rapid urbanization and development 1. Anti-Corruption Crusade 2. People Empowerment
2. resources can be infinitely utilized 3. Bangon Pinoy 4. Moral Recovery Program
3. importance of balance of nature and interdependence 5. Sustainable Development
4. unabated destruction of natural environment
5. indifference of society to environmental care 16. A broader regional free trade zone composed of ASEAN countries expanding
trade with Japan, China and South Korea.
9. Refers to the delegation of specific non-core operations of an agency to an 1. ASEAN Free Trade Zone 2. ASEAN Plus Three
external entity that specializes in that operation. 3. APEC Group 4. ASEAN Partners
1. subcontracting 2. delegation 3. multi-tasking 5. ASEAN + JCSOK
4. specialization 5. outsourcing
17. Globalization has rapidly brought about _____________.
10. Which of the following statement best describes the relationship between global 1. borderless trade
warming and ozone depletion? 2. development of information and communication technology
3. threats to security to both rich and poor countries 4. conservation 5. Education
4. rich becoming richer and the poor becoming poorer
5. economic crisis and financial meltdown 26. How do forest protect our sources of water?
1. they keep water in the streams 2. they use water for food production
18. The integration of national markets into a single world market where goods, 3. they serve as water holders 4. they let water flow to the lowlands
services, financial capital and technology, flow in and out of countries virtually 5. They prevent flash floods and landslides
unhampered.
1. Retail trade liberalization 2. World Trade Organization 27. Which of the following shows concern for the environment?
3. Globalization 4. Free Trade 1. Burning of garbage 2. Joining clean and green movements
5. General Agreement on Tariffs and trade (GATT) 3. Reforestation 4. Throwing wastewater into rivers
5. Recycling and reducing
19. It is an oceanographic phenomenon associated with extreme variable climate. It
brings destructive rains and droughts that results in economic disaster. 28. The Constitution after it has been ratified, can only be amended through initiative
1. Global warming 2. El Nino/La Nina 3. Tsunamis after ________ years.
4. Cyclones/Hurricane 5. Ocean current 1. 2 2. 3 3. Anytime 4. 5 5. Once every 6 years

20. Keeping faith in our commitment to protect the Filipinos from environmental 29. Every government agency is required to develop, update regularly and make
hazards, this law seeks to incorporate climate change factors in mainstream of available to transacting public _____________.
national and local development planning. 1. list of action offers 2. The performance targets 3. Rates of service fees
1. National Disaster Coordinating Act 2. Climate Protection Act 2009 4. Directions and flow 5. Vision and mission
3. Climate Change Act of 2009 4. National Preparedness Plans
5. Disaster Risk & Reduction Mgmt. Act of 2009 30. In the processing of expenditures reports or documents, except otherwise
provided by law, how many signatures must any written action or decision contain?
21. The contamination of the natural environment with harmful substances that have 1. 6 2. 5 3. 4 4. 3 5. 2
been released as a result of human activities.
1. Gasification 2. Global Warming 3. Climate Change PART IV: C. CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS (NEW
4. Pollution 5. Degradation EXERCISES)
DIRECTION: Choose the best answer.
22. Fishery resource in marine and coastal waters may be considered as open access
resources because of the _________________. 1. This is an act establishing a code of conduct and ethical standards for public
1. mobile nature of fish and water officials and employees. Upholding the time-honored principle of public office being
2. difficulty in marking sea boundaries a public trust.
3. overfishing in coastal areas 1. R.A. # 6713 2. R.A. # 6731 3. R.A. # 6371 4. R.A. # 6317
4. proliferation of illegal fish pens in water areas
5. lax implementation of fishery laws 2. Republic Act # 6713 establishes a code of conduct and ethical standards for public
officials and employees, upholding the time-honored principle of public office as a
23. Refers to an increasing reliance on markets to guide economic activity public trust.
1. liberalization 2. deregulation 3. free trade 1. Code of professionalism and Ethical Behavior
4. protectionism 5. Macroeconomics 2. Code of Professional Behavior and Ethics
3. Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees
24. Which of the following is a NONRENEWABLE source of energy? 4. Code of Public Trust and Ethical Standards
1. Natural Gas 2. Biogas 3. Geothermal Power
4. Solar Power 5. Wind Power 3. It is the policy of the State to promote ____________ of ethics in public service.
1. accountability 2. standard 3. high standard 4. practice
25. Which of the following destroys the balance of an ecosystem?
1. reforestation 2. Wasteful consumption 3. reduce, reuse, recycle
4. They include elective and appointive officials and employees, permanent or 13. Public officials and employees and their families, shall lead modest lives
temporary, in career or non-career service with or without compensation. appropriate to their position and income, shall not indulge in extravagant or
1. Government 2. Career 3. Public Officials 4. Service ostentatious display of wealth or lifestyle.
1. Humility 2. Vows of Property
5. Family of public Officials and Employees means their spouses and unmarried 3. Justness and Sincerity 4. Simple Living
children under _______ years of age.
1. 15 2. 21 3. 18 4. 25 14. All public officials and employees shall respond within ___________ days from
receipt thereof, respond to letters, telegrams or other means of communication sent
6. Relatives refer to any and all persons related to a public official or employee by the public.
within the _________ civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. 1. 15 working days 2. Within 15 days
1. 5th 2. 3rd 3. 4th 4. 2nd 3. Within 7 working days 4. Within 1 week

7. Public officials and employees shall always uphold the public interest over and 15. All heads and other responsible officers of offices and agencies of government
above personal interest and avoid wastage of public funds and revenues. and GOCCs, shall within ____________ days from the end of the year, shall render
1. Accountability 2. Professionalism a performance report of the agency or office or the corporation concerned.
3. Commitment to Public Service 4. Justness and Sincerity 1. 45 days 2. 45 working days 3. 30 working days 4. 30 days

8. Public officials and employees shall perform and discharge their duties with the 16. It shall be unlawful for public officials and employees to, directly or indirectly,
highest degree of excellence, intelligence and skills, render public service with have monetary or material interest on any transaction requiring the approval of their
outmost devotion and dedication to duty. office.
1. Professionalism 2. Responsibility 3. Commitment 4. Devotion 1. Financial and material interest 2. Material interest
3. Financial Interest 4. Outside Employment
9. Public officials and employees shall remain true to the people at all times, shall
not discriminate, shall respect at all times the rights of others and refrain from doing 17. Public officials and employees shall not use or divulge confidential or classified
acts contrary to law, good morals, public policy, public safety and public interest. and official information known to them by reason of their office.
1. Political neutrality 2. Justness and Sincerity 1. Confidentiality 2. Disclosure/ or misuse of official information
3. Commitment 4. Professionalism 3. Private practice of profession 4. Solicitation

10. Public officials and employees shall be at all times loyal to the Republic and to 18. Public officials and employees shall not accept, directly or indirectly, any gift,
the Filipino People and endeavor to maintain and defend the sovereignty against gratuity, favor or anything of monetary value, in the course of their official duty
foreign intrusion. which may be affected by the functions of their office.
1. Professionalism 2. Political neutrality 1. Solicitation 3. Material or financial interest
3. Nationalism/Patriotism 4. Commitment to Public Interest 2. Disclosure 4. Private practice of profession while in office

11. Public officials and employees shall extend prompt, courteous and adequate 19. Public officials and employees shall accomplish and submit declarations under
service to the public, provide information of policies and procedures in clear and oath, their assets, liabilities, net worth, financial and business interests.
understandable language. 1. Acceptance and Solicitation 3. Statements and Disclosures
1. Public Service 2. Nationalism 2. Financial and Material Interests 4. Outside Employment
3. Responsiveness to the Public 4. Commitment to service
20. Any and all statements filed under R.A # 6713 shall be made available for
12. Public officials and employees shall commit themselves to the democratic way of inspection at all times at reasonable hours.
life and values and maintain the principle of public accountability, uphold the 1. Accessibility of Documents 3. Identification of Documents
Constitution at all times and put loyalty to country above that to person or party. 2. Disclosure of Documents 4. Confidentiality of Documents
1. Commitment to democracy 2. Professionalism
3. Loyalty and Allegiance 4. Public Accountability
21. Public officials and employees must at all times be accountable to the people,
serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, efficiency, act with
patriotism and justice.
1. Security of tenure 3. Commitment to Service
2. Accountability 4. Public Service is a Public Trust

22. Court that shall have the jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases involving graft
and corruption and such other offenses committed by public officials and employees.
1. SANDIGANBAYAN 3. Department of Justice
2. Office of the Special Prosecutor 4. Regional Trial Court

23. _____________ is mandated to act promptly on complaints filed in any form or


manner against public officials and employees.
1. Regional Trial Court 3. Department of Justice
2. Office of the Special Prosecutor 4. Special Courts

24. Public officials and employees shall provide service to every one without
discrimination and regardless of party affiliation or preference.
1. Responsiveness to service 3. Political Neutrality
2. Justice and Security 4. Professionalism

25. This is the ground for impeachment which covers any violation of the oath of
office involving loss of popular support even if violation may not amount to a
criminal offense.
1. Treason 3. Culpable violation of the Constitution
2. Bribery 4. Betrayal of Public Trust