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Resolver la ecuacin diferencial:

() 2
( )= 2

() 2 () 2
+ 2
= 2

La solucin exacta es:
2
= 1 ln() + + 2

Las condiciones de borde son:
(1) = 2
1
( ) =
(2) 2

Con esas condiciones podemos definir las constantes de integracin C1 y C2

Y la solucin sera entonces:


1 2
= ln() + + 0
2
Ahora por mtodos aproximados determinaremos una funcin aproximada, esta funcin
ser polinmica de orden 4

Funcin prueba es:

= 1 + 2 + 3 2 + 4 3 + 5 4

Donde:
0
0 = 0 =0

1
1 = 1 =0

2
2 = =1

3
3 = 2 =2

4
4 = 3 = 3 2

5
5 = 4 = 4 3

Si aplicamos el mtodo de.

1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5



2 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 5



3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5



4 1 4 2 4 3 4 4 4 5



5 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 5

[ ]

0 0 0 0 0
2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5
0 2 3 4
2 3 4 5
3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6
0 2 6 4
= 3 1 5 3
4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7
0 3 6 3 12
4 5 2 7
5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8
[0 4
5
4
3
12
7
2
1 ]

Donde

2 1 1 0
2
[ 1 ]
0 0 0 0 0
2 2 3 3 4 4 5
5
2 1
2 0
0 2 3 4 [ 2 ]
2 3 4 5 1 2

3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 2
0 2 6 4 2 1 3 0
3 1 5 3 3 =
2
[ 3 ]

4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 4





0 3 6 3 12 [5 ] 2 1
4 0
4 5 2 7 [ ]
5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8
2
4
[0 4
5
4
3
12
7
2
1 ]
2 1
5 0
[ ]
2
[ ] [ 5 ] [ ]


[ 1 ]
0 0 0 0 0
2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5
0 2 3 4 0 [ 2 ]
2 3 4 5 1 2( ) 0
3 3 4 4 5 5 6
6
2 0
0 2 6 4
3 1 5 3 3 = [ 3 ] 0
4 (ln( ) ln( ))
4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 4 0
0 3 6 3 12 [5 ] 6 ( )
[0]
4 5 2 7 2
[ 4 ( ) ] 2 [ ]
5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 4
[0 4
5
4
3
12
7
2
1 ]
[ 5 ]
[ ]
Si

= 1

= 2

1
0 0 0 0 0 + [ ]
2 1
3 14 45 124
0 1 + [ ]
2 3 4 5 1 0 1
14 186 2 1
0 15 84
3 5 3 = 4 ln(2) + 2 + [ ]
45 186 189 1524 4 1
6
0 [5 ] [ 12 ]
4 5 2 7 4 + [ ]
154 1524 1
[0 5
84
7
510 ]
8 + [ ]
[ 1 ]

0 0 0 0 0
3 14 45 124
0
2 3 4 5
14 186
0 15 84
= 3 5
45 186 189 1524
0
4 5 2 7
154 1524
[0 5
84
7
510 ]

1
+ [ ]
2 1

0 1 + [ ]
1
1
= 4 ln(2) + 2 + [ ]
1
6
[ 12 ]
4 + [ ]
1

8 + [ ]
[ 1 ]

Si

= 1 + 2 + 3 2 + 4 3 + 5 4

(1) = 2

2 = 1 + 2 1 + 3 12 + 4 13 + 5 14
2 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5

= 1 1 + 2 2 + 3 3 + 4 4 + 5 5
= 1, . . , 1
= [ ] [ ]{
= 1, . . , 1
154 1524
[0 1 0] 1 [0 1 510] [0 1 0] 1 [ 1 510] [0 1 0] 1 [84 1 510] [0 1 0] 1 [ 1 510]
5 7
124 3 124 154 14 124 45 124 1524
[0 1 ] 1 [0 1 510] [ 1 ]1[ 1 510] [ 1 ] 1 [84 1 510] [ 1 ]1[ 1 510]
5 2 5 5 3 5 4 5 7
14 154 186 1524
[0 1 84] 1 [0 1 510] [ 1 84] 1 [ 1 510] [15 1 84] 1 [84 1 510] [ 1 84] 1 [ 1 510]
3 5 5 7
1524 45 1524 154 186 1524 189 1524 1524
[0 1 ] 1 [0 1 510] [ 1 ]1[ 1 510] [ 1 ] 1 [84 1 510] [ 1 ]1[ 1 510]
[ 7 4 7 5 5 7 2 7 7 ]

2426 2046
510 426
5 7
2426 4619 6088 39023
5 10 15 140
6088 8592
426 357
15 35
2046 39023 8592 2367
[ 7 140 35 14 ]

Por lo tanto
2426 2046
510 426
5 7
2426 4619 6088 39023 1 39

5 10 15
140 [ ] =
2
2
6088 8592 3 18
426 357 4 4 ln(2) 18
15 35 [ 10 ]
2046 39023 8592 2367
[ 7 140 35 14 ]