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1. What will be the fraction of 20%?

SOLUTION:

20
20 =
100

2

10

1

5

2. What will be the fraction of 4%?

SOLUTION:

4
4=
100

1

25

3. The ratio 5:20 expressed as percent equals to ___

SOLUTION:

5
5 :20= 100
20

25

4. 2.09 can be expressed in terms of percentage as

SOLUTION:

209
2.09= 100
100

209

5. What is 15 percent of 34

SOLUTION:

15
15 of 34=34
100

51

10
5.10

6. Evaluate 28% of 450 + 45% of 280

SOLUTION:

28 45
( 100 450 )+(
100
280 )

126+126

252

7. 2 is what percent of 50

SOLUTION:

x
50=2
100

100
x=2
50

8. 1/2 is what percent of 1/3

SOLUTION:

1
=x of
3

x
1
100
=
3

300
=x
2

150 =X

9. The difference between 49% of a number & 14% of the same


number is 8920. What would be the 70% of that number ?

SOLUTION:

49 14
x x=8920
100 100
x
49 x 14 =8920
100

x
35 =8920
100

7
x=8920
20

20
X =8920
7

70 20
70 of x=
100(8920
7 )
17840

10. A batsman scored 120 runs which included 3 boundaries and


8 sixes. What percent of his total score did he make by running
between the wickets.

SOLUTION:

34

8 6
120

120 ( 12+48 )

120 60

60

Now ,

60
100= 100=50
120

11. A batsman scored 110 runs which included 3 boundaries and


8 sixes. What percent of his total score did he make by running
between the wickets?

SOLUTION:

3 boundaries=3 4=12 runs

8 sixes=8 6=48 runs


Boundaries+ sixes=12+ 48=60 runs

Total score=110 runs

No. of runs batsman scored runningbetween the wickets=110 60=50 r uns

50 500
of runs he scored running between the wickets out of total runs= 100=
110 110

5
45
11

12. Two students appeared at an examination. One of them


secured 9 marks more than the other and his marks was 56%
of the sum of their marks. The marks obtained by them are

SOLUTION:

Marks of one student =x

Marks of another student =x +9

X +9=56 of [ (x)+ X + 9 ]

56
X +9= ( x+ x+ 9 )
100

100 ( x+ 9 )=56 ( 2 x+9 )

100 x+ 900=112 x +514

900 514=112 x 100 x

386=12 x

386
=x
12

33=x

13. A fruit seller had some apples. He sells 40% apples and still
has 420 apples. Originally, he had:

SOLUTION:

40 sold

60% are remaining = 420 apples


60
x=420
100

100
X =420
60

X =700

14. Two numbers A and B are such that the sum of 5% of A and
4% of B is two-third of the sum of 6% of A and 8% of B. Find
the ratio of A : B.

SOLUTION:

2
5 of A+ 4 of B= ( 6 of A+8 of B )
3

5 4 2 6 8
100
A+
100
B=
3 100
A+ (
100
B )
100
=
3 [
5 A+ 4 B 2 ( 6 A +8 B )
100 ]
100 [ 5 A+ 4 B 2
100 ]
= ( 6 A+ 8 B )
3

2
5 A +4 B= ( 6 A +8 B )
3

3 ( 5 A+ 4 B ) =2 ( 6 A+ 8 B )

15 A +12 B=12 A+16 B

15 A 12 A=16 B 12 B

3 A=4 B

A 4
=
B 3

A :B=4 : 3

15. Two numbers P and Q are such that, the sum of 2 % of P and
Sum of 2 % of Q is two third of the sum of 2 % of P and 6 % of
Q. Find the ratio of P and Q.
SOLUTION:

2
2 of P+2 of Q= ( 2 of P+6 of Q )
3

2 2 2 2 2
100
P+
100
Q=
3 100
P+ (
100
Q )
100
=
3 100[
2 P+2 Q 2 ( 2 P+6 Q )
]
100
[ 2 P+2 Q 2
100 ]
= ( 2 P+ 6 Q )
3

2
2 P+2 Q= ( 2 P+6 Q )
3

3 ( 2 P+2 Q )=2 ( 2 P+ 6 Q )

6 P+6 Q=4 P+12Q

6 P 4 P=12Q 6 Q

2 P=6 Q

P 6
=
Q 2

P 3
=
Q 1

P:Q=3 :1

16. A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3. What is


the percentage error in the calculation?

SOLUTION:

Let the number be X

5x 3x
Then Error=
3 5

25 x9 x

15

16 x

15
16 x 3
Error = 100
15 5 x

64

17. Three candidates contested an election and received 1136,


7636 and 11628 votes respectively. What percentage of the
total votes did the winning candidate got ?

SOLUTION:

Total Votes=20400

11628
Winning Candidate s = 100
20400

11

3

2
3
3

18. In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the


total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total
number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the
other candidate got, was:

SOLUTION:

Total Votes=7500

80
Valid Votes=7500 =6000
100

Number of Valid votes the other candidate got =45 of the valid votes

45 of 6000

45
60 00
1 00

2700

19. Two tailors X and Y are paid a total of Rs. 550 per week by
their employer. If X is paid 120 percent of the sum paid to Y,
how much is Y paid per week?
SOLUTION:

X +Y =550

120
X= Y
100

120 Y
+Y =550
100

12 Y
+ Y =550
10

12 Y +10 Y
=550
10

22Y =550 10

550
Y= 10
22

250/Per week

20. Rajeev buys good worth Rs. 6650. He gets a rebate of 6% on


it. After getting the rebate, he pays sales tax @ 10%. Find the
amount he will have to pay for the goods

SOLUTION:

Marked Price=6650

6
6 Discount=6650
100

133 3

399

Selling Price = 6650399=6251

10
Sales tax=6251 =625.10
100

Total payment=6251+625.10

6876.10

21. The population of a town increased from 1,75,000 to


2,62,500 in a decade. The average percent increase of
population per year is:
SOLUTION:

262500 175000=87500

87500
100
175000

8750

175

50

50
Average raise Population per year = =5
10

22. The population of a town increased from 175000 to 262500


in a decade. What is the average percent increase of
population per year?

SOLUTION:

262500 175000=87500

87500
100=33.33
262500

33.33
Average raisePopulation per year = =3.33
10

23. In 2016, the total number of employees in a company was


2600. Next year it increased by 23%. What would be the
number of employees in 2017?

SOLUTION:

23
2600 1+( 100 ) 1

2600 ( 123
100 )

3198
24. In a local forest, there were 725 lions in past year. In this
year the number of lions has been increased by 20%. How
many lions are there in this year ?

SOLUTION:

20
725 1+( 100 )
725 [ ( 100+20 )
100 ]
725 ( 120
100 )

870

25. The population of different trees in a field increased by 10 %


in first year, increased by 8 % in second year and decreased by
10 % in third year. If at present the number of trees is 26730,
then find the number of tress in the beginning.

SOLUTION:

26. The population of of a town is 176000.If it increase at the


rate of 5% per annum, What will be its population 2 years
hence ?

SOLUTION:

27. The population of a town decrease from 4230 to 3384 during


a period of 3 years. What is the percentage of decrease ?

SOLUTION:
28. The population of a town increases 10% by annually. If its
population was 12000 in 2016, then what it was in 2013?

SOLUTION:

29. The price of diesel increases by 50 %. Find by how much


percent a truck owner must reduce his consumption in order to
maintain the same budget?

SOLUTION:

30. The price of rice falls by 15 %. By what percentage a person


can increase the consumption of rice so that his overall budget
does not change?

SOLUTION:

31. The price of sugar is reduced by 3%.How many kg of sugar


can now be bought for the money which was sufficient to buy
50kg of rice earlier ?

SOLUTION:

32. If the price of tea is increased by 20% ,find how much


percent must a house holder reduce her consumption of tea so
as not to increase the expenditure?

SOLUTION:

33. If the price of a commodity is increased by 30%, by how


much % a consumer must reduce his consumption so to keep
the expenditure same ?
SOLUTION:

34. A trader marks the price at 8 percent higher than the


original price. Due to the hike in demand he again increases
the price by 10 percent. How much percent profit he gets.

SOLUTION:

35. The value of lathe machine depreciates at the rate of 10 %


per annum. If the cost of machine at present is Rs. 160,000,
then what will be its worth after 2 years?

SOLUTION:

36. The value of Xerox machine depreciates at the rate of 10 %


per annum. If the cost of machine at present is Rs. 75,000 then
what was the value of machine before 2 years?

SOLUTION:

37. 45% of ? = 25% of 355

SOLUTION:

38. Two-fifth of one-third of three seventh of a number is


15.What is 40% of that number?

SOLUTION:

39. The length and breadth of a rectangle are increased by 20%


and 30%.The area of the resulting rectangle exceeds the area
of the original rectangle?
SOLUTION:

40. Water tax is is increased by 20% but its consumption is


decreased by 20%.Then increase or decrease in the
expenditure of the money is

SOLUTION:

41. In an election, candidate A got 75% of the total valid votes.


If 15% of the total votes were declared invalid and the total
numbers of votes is 560000, find the number of valid vote
polled in favor of candidate?

SOLUTION:

42. If 15% of x is the same as 20% of y, find x : y?

SOLUTION:

43. What percent of 6.5 litres is 130 ml?

SOLUTION:

44. Find the 1.14 expressed as a percent of 1.9?

SOLUTION:

45. A student has to obtain 34 % of the total marks to pass in


the exam. He got 113 and failed by 40 marks. The maximum
marks are ?

SOLUTION:
46. If 50% of x equals the sum of y and 20, then what is the
value of ( x - 2y ) ?

SOLUTION:

47. If 15% of x is the same as 20% of y, find x : y ?

SOLUTION:

48. Milk contain 10% of water. What quantity of pure milk is


should be added to 15 litre of milk to reduce the water
percentage is 7% ?

SOLUTION:

49. Find the value of X in X% of 1864 + 60 = 618.2

SOLUTION:

50. The length of a rectangle is increased by 60%. By what


percent would the width have to be decreased to maintain the
same area?

SOLUTION:

51. From the salary, Akilesh spent 15% for house rent, 5% for
childrens education 15% for Entertainment. Now he left with
Rs.13,000. His salary is

SOLUTION:
52. In a School, 40% of the students are female and thus the no
of boys exceed the no of girls by 40.Find the total no of
students.

SOLUTION:

53. In an examination 30% of the students failed in Science,


45% of the students failed in Maths and 25% of the students
failed in both subjects. Find the % of the students passed ?

SOLUTION:

54. 270 students appeared for an examination, of which 243


passed. What is the pass percentage?

SOLUTION:

55. In school exam Sachin got 610 marks & failed by 30 marks.
It is required to get 40% marks to pass, what are the maximum
marks?

SOLUTION:

56. Rajiv is given an exam & scored 35 marks in Hindi, 42 in


Geography, 38 in English, 26 in Science & 46 in History. The
maximum marks a student can score in each subject is 100,
what would be the % did Rajiv get in the exam?

SOLUTION:
57. In test examination its required to get 50% marks to pass.
Roshan got 360 marks & he failed by 65 marks. What would be
the maximum marks in the test examination?

SOLUTION:

58. In an examination, it is required to get 30% marks to pass


the exam. Ramesh got 294 and he failed by 6 marks. What is
the maximum marks of this exam ?

SOLUTION:

59. In a class test, it is required to get 45% marks to pass. Joy


got 618 marks and failed by 57 marks. What is the maximum
marks in class test ?

SOLUTION:

60. An engineering student has secure 60% marks to pass. He


gets 70 and fails by 50 marks. Find the maximum marks.

SOLUTION: